CN202406683U - Irrigation device - Google Patents

Irrigation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202406683U
CN202406683U CN201120396219XU CN201120396219U CN202406683U CN 202406683 U CN202406683 U CN 202406683U CN 201120396219X U CN201120396219X U CN 201120396219XU CN 201120396219 U CN201120396219 U CN 201120396219U CN 202406683 U CN202406683 U CN 202406683U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
drainage catheter
diversion conduit
storage tank
guide pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201120396219XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴振良
Original Assignee
吴振良
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 吴振良 filed Critical 吴振良
Priority to CN201120396219XU priority Critical patent/CN202406683U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202406683U publication Critical patent/CN202406683U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an irrigation device for planting trees. The irrigation device comprises a water storage tank, a drainage guide pipe, a water guide pipe 1, a water guide pipe 2, a water guide device and a nutrition bag, wherein the water guide device is arranged in the water storage tank, the water guide pipe 1, the water guide pipe 2 and the drainage guide pipe, so as to form a water feeding passage which extends into the nutrition bag buried in the soil through the drainage guide pipe from the earth surface, and the nutrition bag supplies nutrition and water to the roots of the trees or seedlings. Due to the adoption of the irrigation device, the problems during seedling raising, transplanting and other problems caused by water shortage are effectively solved when trees are planted in droughty and desert areas, and the survival rate of the seedlings or trees is improved. The irrigation device can be combined with other devices or tree planting operation methods, so that the rain water utilization ratio is effectively improved, and the problems of evaporation and leakage are effectively solved. The device provided by the utility model has the characteristics of simple structure and strong operability, reduces equipment investment, and is water-saving and energy-saving; and as the water usage rate reaches more than 90 percent, the planting of trees in the desert and droughty areas becomes possible.

Description

A kind of irrigation rig
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of irrigation rig, specifically is a kind of tree planting irrigation rig.
Background technology
At present, soil desertization phenomenon is more and more serious, is seriously threatening Human's production and life, and therefore afforestation becomes one of best method that stops the soil desertization.In the prior art; Various irrigation rigs are arranged; For example: sprinkling irrigation irrigation rig, drip irrigation irrigation rig, infiltrating irrigation irrigation rig or the like; Their shape, structure or its combination have nothing in common with each other, and each have their own advantage or shortcoming, total development trend are to advance towards water saving, energy-conservation, aspect such as reduce cost.
In arid, desert region, especially desert region, trunk is easy to shone roasting and dry up by the high temperature sand, and the tree bud is owing to the surface temperature height is difficult for growing ground, thereby causes trees surviving rate low.In the mountain area or desert area, haulage vehicle can't get into, and the supply of water is difficulty very, adopts above-mentioned irrigation technique or traditional irrigation technique, and investment is big, waste water resource, and time-consuming, require great effort.Present stage, tree-planting method commonly used is the tree-planting method of transfer after growing seedlings earlier, and sapling can be cut off the main root of sapling when transplanting; After the transplanting; Sapling does not have main root just can't penetrate absorption moisture and nutrient in the darker soil, so, and will be through constantly watering; Increased the cost of planting trees, the mountain area or the large-area afforestation difficulty of desert area that fall behind in infrastructure are very big.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to overcome weak point of the prior art, provide a kind of water saving, energy-conservation, simple in structure, be convenient to operate, with low cost and be applicable to the irrigation rig that arid, desert region plant trees.
In order to realize the goal of the invention of the utility model, the utility model adopts following technical scheme to be achieved:
A kind of irrigation rig comprises storage tank and drainage catheter, it is characterized in that:
Also comprise: control device, priming device and nutritious bag;
Described control device comprises that diversion conduit 1 and diversion conduit 2 constitute;
Described diversion conduit 1 places in the storage tank, and an end is connected with the apopore of storage tank sidewall top;
Described diversion conduit 2 is the reducer tee shape, and reducing flexibly connects with drainage catheter on the horizontal vertical direction, is connected with the apopore of storage tank sidewall top with the end in footpath, and the other end 5 centimetres of bendings vertically downward on the footpath longitudinal direction, and seal;
Described nutritious bag is embedded in the soil, and the other end of drainage catheter extends in it;
Described priming device is to be made up of absorbent material, and priming device one end places in the diversion conduit 1, and the other end places in the diversion conduit 2; Described priming device also places in the drainage catheter, and priming device is connected with being connected with diversion conduit 2 interior priming devices of diversion conduit 2 through drainage catheter, and the other end extends in the nutritious bag through drainage catheter.
The sidewall of described nutritious bag is bellows-like structure or straight bobbin shape structure.
Described diversion conduit is 3-5 times of reducing diameter with diameter directly.
The caliber of described diversion conduit 1 is identical with the caliber in the same footpath of diversion conduit 2.
Have several permeability holes on the bottom of described nutritious bag and the lower sidewall.
This irrigation rig, can also adopt following technical scheme to be achieved:
A kind of irrigation rig comprises storage tank, drainage catheter, it is characterized in that: also comprise control device, priming device and nutritious bag;
Described control device is ball valve or slide valve, but sealing surface is coarse, and the water inlet of control device is connected with the apopore that is arranged at the storage tank bottom, and the delivery port of control device is connected with an end of drainage catheter;
Described priming device is to be made up of absorbent material, and this priming device places within the drainage catheter;
Described nutritious bag is embedded in the soil, and the other end of drainage catheter extends in it.
Beneficial effect
The utility model relates to a kind of irrigation rig; It has solved the problem of planting trees in arid and desert region because of aspects such as growing seedlings of causing of lack of water, transplantings effectively; Specifically this irrigation rig can directly apply to the cultivation of arid and desert region seeds; To cultivate the sapling of accomplishing besides and transplant, remove the past from, improve the survival rate of sapling because of transplanting the way of cutting off the sapling main root together with nutritious bag; Adopt this irrigation rig it to be grown up strong and sturdy with obtaining fine care because of transplanting the sapling of cutting off the sapling main root; Adopt this irrigation rig to be used in combination, improve the availability of rainwater effectively, reduce the waste of valuable water resource with collection rain device; The supporting use of operational method of adopting this irrigation rig and punching to plant trees can solve evaporation and leakage problems effectively, greatly reduces the investment on water conservancy expense.Because of simple in structure, the workable characteristics of the utility model, can also reduce investment of devices, water saving, energy-conservation, and the utilization rate of water is reached more than 90%, so make arid and desert region afforestation become possibility.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the example structure sketch map of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the utility model nutritious bag schematic bottom view;
Fig. 4 is the sketch map of sealing surface in the utility model control device;
1 is storage tank; 2-1 is a diversion conduit 1; 2-2 is a diversion conduit 2; 3 is drainage catheter; 4 is nutritious bag; 5 is priming device; 6 is the nutritious bag permeability hole; 8 is the water injection hole of storage tank; 9 is the apopore of storage tank; 13 is control device; 14 is the water inlet of control device; 15 is the delivery port of control device; 16 is the sealing surface of control device.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is done further explanation.
At first, we combine the technical scheme of the utility model to set forth to the situation of the sapling transplanting that is cut off main root:
This irrigation rig comprises that storage tank 1, diversion conduit 2-1, diversion conduit 2-2, drainage catheter 3, priming device 5, nutritious bag 4 constitute.Storage tank 1 comprises water filling empty 8 and apopore 9, and 2-1 is a diversion conduit 1, and it places in the storage tank 1, and an end is connected with the apopore 9 of storage tank 1; 2-2 is a diversion conduit 2, and it is the reducer tee shape, and reducing flexibly connects with drainage catheter 3 on the horizontal vertical direction, is connected with the apopore 9 of storage tank 1 sidewall top with the end in footpath, and the other end 5 centimetres of bendings vertically downward on the footpath longitudinal direction, and seal; The diameter in the same footpath of diversion conduit 22-2 is 3-5 a times of reducing diameter, and the caliber of diversion conduit 12-1 is identical with the indentical tube footpath of diversion conduit 22-2; We give the storage tank water filling through the water injection hole 8 of storage tank, the preparation irrigation water; Priming device 5 is to be made up of absorbent material, and priming device 5 one ends place in the diversion conduit 12-1, is used to adsorb the water in the storage tank 1, and the other end places in the diversion conduit 22-2, is used for diversion; Priming device 5 also places in the drainage catheter 3; Be connected with being connected of diversion conduit 22-2 through drainage catheter 3 with diversion conduit 2 interior priming devices 5; Its effect still is used for diversion; The other end extends to the root positions of saplings in the nutritious bag 4 through drainage catheter 3, is used for carrying moisture to soil, and priming device 5 also can extend drainage catheter 3; Nutritious bag 4 is embedded in the soil; Have several permeability holes 6 on its bottom and the lower sidewall, be convenient to sapling and take root, sufficient moisture is provided to sapling; The sidewall of nutritious bag is bellows-like structure or straight bobbin shape structure; Generally adopt the tube wall of bellows-like structure, improve the contact-making surface of interior soil of nutritious bag and the outer soil of nutritious bag, the source of nutrient and moisture in the increase soil.
Secondly; This irrigation rig can also adopt other a kind of technical scheme to implement; The distinctive points of this technical scheme and above-mentioned technical scheme is: the apopore 9 of storage tank is arranged at the bottom of storage tank, is connected with the water inlet 14 of control device 13, and the delivery port 15 of control device 13 is connected with drainage catheter 3; Priming device 5 is to be made up of absorbent material, and places within the drainage catheter 3.
Described control device 13 is used to control the water yield that storage tank 1 flows to drainage catheter 3.This control device 13 can be special ball valve, also can be slide valve, and the spheroid of this ball valve floats; Under the pressure medium effect, spheroid can produce on the sealing surface 16 that certain displacement is pressed in the port of export, and this port of export sealing surface 16 is coarse; Sealing is poor, produces seepage, and we can be according to actual needs; Just the size of leakage is made this ball valve.Described slide valve makes its sealing surface coarse also according to the actual requirements, manufactures the slide valve of easy to leak.

Claims (6)

1. an irrigation rig comprises storage tank and drainage catheter, it is characterized in that:
Also comprise: control device, priming device and nutritious bag;
Described control device comprises that diversion conduit 1 and diversion conduit 2 constitute;
Described diversion conduit 1 places in the storage tank, and an end is connected with the apopore of storage tank sidewall top;
Described diversion conduit 2 is the reducer tee shape, and reducing flexibly connects with drainage catheter on the horizontal vertical direction, is connected with the apopore of storage tank sidewall top with the end in footpath, and the other end 5 centimetres of bendings vertically downward on the footpath longitudinal direction, and seal;
Described nutritious bag is embedded in the soil, and the other end of drainage catheter extends in it;
Described priming device is to be made up of absorbent material, and priming device one end places in the diversion conduit 1, and the other end places in the diversion conduit 2; Described priming device also places in the drainage catheter, and priming device is connected with being connected with diversion conduit 2 interior priming devices of diversion conduit 2 through drainage catheter, and the other end extends in the nutritious bag through drainage catheter.
2. an irrigation rig comprises storage tank, drainage catheter, it is characterized in that: also comprise control device, priming device and nutritious bag;
Described control device is ball valve or slide valve, but sealing surface is coarse, and the water inlet of control device is connected with the apopore that is arranged at the storage tank bottom, and the delivery port of control device is connected with an end of drainage catheter;
Described priming device is to be made up of absorbent material, and this priming device places within the drainage catheter;
Described nutritious bag is embedded in the soil, and the other end of drainage catheter extends in it.
3. a kind of irrigation rig according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: the sidewall of described nutritious bag is bellows-like structure or straight bobbin shape structure.
4. a kind of irrigation rig according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described diversion conduit is 3-5 times of reducing diameter with diameter directly.
5. a kind of irrigation rig according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the caliber of described diversion conduit 1 is identical with the caliber in the same footpath of diversion conduit 2.
6. a kind of irrigation rig according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: have several permeability holes on the bottom of described nutritious bag and the lower sidewall.
CN201120396219XU 2011-10-18 2011-10-18 Irrigation device Expired - Fee Related CN202406683U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120396219XU CN202406683U (en) 2011-10-18 2011-10-18 Irrigation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120396219XU CN202406683U (en) 2011-10-18 2011-10-18 Irrigation device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202406683U true CN202406683U (en) 2012-09-05

Family

ID=46731480

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201120396219XU Expired - Fee Related CN202406683U (en) 2011-10-18 2011-10-18 Irrigation device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202406683U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104855241A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-08-26 贵州茅台流域东升农场有限公司 Water-saving plant root-zone manual intervention method
CN110839463A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-02-28 内蒙古蒙草生态环境(集团)股份有限公司 Ammopiptanthus mongolicus planting device and planting method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104855241A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-08-26 贵州茅台流域东升农场有限公司 Water-saving plant root-zone manual intervention method
CN110839463A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-02-28 内蒙古蒙草生态环境(集团)股份有限公司 Ammopiptanthus mongolicus planting device and planting method thereof

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120905

Termination date: 20131018