CN204539828U - One cultivates peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device - Google Patents

One cultivates peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204539828U
CN204539828U CN201420837097.7U CN201420837097U CN204539828U CN 204539828 U CN204539828 U CN 204539828U CN 201420837097 U CN201420837097 U CN 201420837097U CN 204539828 U CN204539828 U CN 204539828U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drip irrigation
water
bucket
irrigation pipe
pipe
Prior art date
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420837097.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁红
戴良香
张智猛
慈敦伟
秦斐斐
宋文武
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Shandong Peanut Research Institute
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Shandong Peanut Research Institute
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Priority to CN201420837097.7U priority Critical patent/CN204539828U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The utility model discloses one to cultivate peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device, water source is connected with bucket by water pipe, wheelbarrow is provided with bottom bucket, bucket is connected with soft water main by water pipe, soft water main side is provided with branch's drip irrigation pipe, the outer wall of drip irrigation pipe is provided with " work " font osmos tube, soft water main is connected with drip irrigation pipe by reducing tee, the length of drip irrigation pipe is set to 20-30m, water pump I and water pump II is respectively arranged with in water source and bucket, drip irrigation pipe is laid on the axis of peanut ridge, and the end of drip irrigation pipe is tied up.Integrated apparatus of the present utility model has easy to operate, cheap, advantage accurately and reliably, this device is applicable to the liquid manure gas integral drip irrigation system that Roots of Peanut district is irrigated, less mainly for plot, dried up seedbed nearer can be quantitative for small family drip irrigation method, practical convenient, has that water-saving, utilization rate of fertilizer are high, volume increase, throws the advantages such as expenses of labour is low, construction costs is cheap.

Description

One cultivates peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to drip irrigation system technical field, is specifically related to one and cultivates peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device.
Background technology
China is one of main arid country of the world, and arid and semi-arid arable area accounts for 53% of total area under cultivation, and arid becomes the agricultural production of restriction China and further develops the necessary preferential key issue solved.Peanut is important oil crop and economic crops, be development dry farming, fully develop the desirable crop of poor rainfed land resource, but region rainfall is on the low side, rainfall is concentrated or seasonal drought still becomes the Main Factors limiting peanut yield and Quality advance.At present, each peanut producing region of China, the peanut cultivation of more than 70% is on the barren sandy soil lacking irrigation conditions.Effective resisting drought saving water, to improve the cultivation management measure of water use efficiency be realize high-efficiency peanut water, reduce because moisture environment drastic change brings the economy of loss and effective approach.
Under-film drip irrigation, as the term suggests, be apply drip irrigation technique under film, namely on irrigate band or drip irrigation pipe, cover one deck mulch film again.This technology is by controlled pipeline system water supply, by the water of pressurization after filtration facility filters, fully merge with water soluble fertilizer, form rich water solution, enter delivery main one arm one hollow billet (being laid on the irrigation belt below mulch film), evenly, regularly, quantitatively crop root development area is infiltrated again, for Root Absorption by the water-dropper on hollow billet.Comparatively large for peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral unit scale at present, the drip irrigation method that, use small family less in plot can be quantitative is less.In view of the foregoing, can nutrient needed for fast supply peanut growth in the urgent need to one, promote the device of peanut rapid batch growth.
Utility model content
For deficiency of the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide one and cultivates peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device, i.e. the fertile device of easy to operate, cheap, peanut under-film drip irrigation moisturizing accurately and reliably.Less mainly for plot, dried up seedbed nearer can be quantitative for small family drip irrigation method, particularly a kind of be applicable to Roots of Peanut district irrigate liquid manure gas integral drip irrigation system and drip irrigation method.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
One cultivates peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device, it is characterized in that, comprise water source, bucket, soft water main, drip irrigation pipe, described water source is connected with bucket by water pipe, wheelbarrow is provided with bottom bucket, bucket is connected with soft water main by water pipe, soft water main side is provided with branch's drip irrigation pipe, the outer wall of described drip irrigation pipe is provided with " work " font osmos tube, soft water main is connected with drip irrigation pipe by reducing tee, the length of drip irrigation pipe is set to 20-30m, water pump I and water pump II is respectively arranged with in described water source and bucket, drip irrigation pipe is laid on the axis of peanut ridge, the end of described drip irrigation pipe is tied up.
Further, described bucket volume is known, conveniently can calculate poured water ridge number.
Further, described drip irrigation pipe is disposed with many, and equally arranges between drip irrigation pipe.
Further, the spacing of described drip irrigation pipe is equal with the spacing of peanut ridge.
Further, fertilizer is placed with according to liquid manure ratio in described bucket.
Further, described interior of bucket is provided with ball float level controller.
Further, described bucket outer wall is provided with volume markings footage number.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
It is simple that the utility model has structure, easy to operate, cheap, mobility is strong, accurately and reliably, uses manpower and material resources sparingly, operates the advantages such as targeted, required fertilizer amount is quantitatively calculated and ridge number of pouring water by known water bucket volume and irrigation quantity, avoid water resource and fertilizer waste, without the need to by drip irrigation pipe Valve controlling irrigation quantity, there is easy to operate advantage.
The outer wall of drip irrigation pipe is provided with " work " font osmos tube, enter in soil along " work " font osmos tube after current enter drip irrigation pipe, soil is watered and applies fertilizer, the effect preventing current from flowing backwards should be served by " work " font osmos tube, liquid manure is evenly spilt in soil, improves liquid manure utilization ratio.
The peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device of the utility model research and development is applicable to the liquid manure gas integral drip irrigation system of irrigating in Roots of Peanut district, less mainly for plot, dried up seedbed nearer can be quantitative for small family drip irrigation method, practical convenient, is with a wide range of applications.
Under-film drip irrigation integrated apparatus of the present utility model has that water-saving, utilization rate of fertilizer are high, volume increase, throw the advantages such as expenses of labour is low, construction costs is cheap, plastic-film-covered cultivation and drip irrigation are combined, Root Distribution according to crop carries out localized irrigation, and effectively keep soil aggregate, moisture deep percolation and earth's surface is prevented to run off, there is again insulation, soil moisture conservation simultaneously and reduce surface evaporation, improving the effect of water use efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of drip irrigation pipe in the utility model.
Wherein, 1, water source; 2, water pump I; 3, bucket; 4, water pump II; 5, soft water main; 6, drip irrigation pipe; 7, peanut ridge; 8, osmos tube.
Embodiment
The utility model is further illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
As shown in Figure 1, one cultivates peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device, it is characterized in that, comprise water source 1, bucket 3, soft water main 5, drip irrigation pipe 6, described water source 1 is connected with bucket 3 by water pipe, wheelbarrow is provided with bottom bucket 3, bucket 3 is connected with soft water main 5 by water pipe, soft water main 5 side is provided with branch's drip irrigation pipe 6, the outer wall of described drip irrigation pipe 6 is provided with " work " font osmos tube 8, soft water main 5 is connected with drip irrigation pipe 6 by reducing tee, the length of drip irrigation pipe 6 is set to 20-30m, water pump I2 and water pump II4 is respectively arranged with in described water source 1 and bucket 3, drip irrigation pipe 6 is laid on the axis of peanut ridge 7, the end of described drip irrigation pipe 6 is tied up.
Further, described bucket 3 volume is known, conveniently can calculate poured water ridge number.
Further, described drip irrigation pipe 6 is disposed with many, and equally arranges between drip irrigation pipe 6.
Further, the spacing of described drip irrigation pipe 6 is equal with the spacing of peanut ridge 7.
Further, fertilizer is placed with according to liquid manure ratio in described bucket 3.
Further, described bucket 3 inside is provided with ball float level controller.
Further, described bucket 3 outer wall is provided with volume markings footage number.
Concrete using method is: after peanut seeding, first lays the drip irrigation pipe 6 after preparing in advance in the ranks in peanut, and the length of drip irrigation pipe 6 (hollow billet) is generally 20-30m arrangement, so that the smooth outflow of moisture and irrigation; Then overlay film is carried out, after water is extracted into bucket 3 by ground, water source 11 water pump I2 and fertilizer mixes, by the water pump II4 of 3 li, bucket, the liquid manure mixed is transported to soft water main 5, then by soft water main 5, liquid manure is transported to each drip irrigation pipe 6 system and carries out drip irrigation.
Embodiment 1
Bucket 3 volume is 1m 3, the long 20m of drip irrigation pipe 6, every ridge irrigation water 0.125m 3, then soft water main 5 is connected with the drip irrigation pipe 6 in 4 ridges, as long as water droplet in bucket 3 has been filled with without the need to passing through Valve controlling.Embodiment 2
Bucket 3 volume is 1m 3, the long 25m of drip irrigation pipe 6, every ridge irrigation water 0.1875m 3, then soft water main 5 is connected with the drip irrigation pipe 6 in 6 ridges, as long as water droplet in bucket 3 has been filled with without the need to passing through Valve controlling.Embodiment 3
Bucket 3 volume is 1m 3, the long 30m of drip irrigation pipe 6, every ridge irrigation water 0.25m 3, then soft water main 5 is connected with the drip irrigation pipe 6 in 8 ridges, as long as water droplet in bucket 3 has been filled with without the need to passing through Valve controlling.
Above-mentioned explanation is not to restriction of the present utility model; the utility model is also not limited in above-described embodiment; the change that those skilled in the art make in essential scope of the present utility model, remodeling, interpolation or replacement, also should belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. one to cultivate peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device, it is characterized in that, comprise water source, bucket, soft water main, drip irrigation pipe, described water source is connected with bucket by water pipe, wheelbarrow is provided with bottom bucket, bucket is connected with soft water main by water pipe, soft water main side is provided with branch's drip irrigation pipe, the outer wall of described drip irrigation pipe is provided with " work " font osmos tube, soft water main is connected with drip irrigation pipe by reducing tee, the length of drip irrigation pipe is set to 20-30m, water pump I and water pump II is respectively arranged with in described water source and bucket, drip irrigation pipe is laid on the axis of peanut ridge, the end of described drip irrigation pipe is tied up.
2. one to cultivate peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described bucket volume is known, conveniently can calculate poured water ridge number.
3. one to cultivate peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described drip irrigation pipe is disposed with many, and equally arranges between drip irrigation pipe.
4. one to cultivate peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the spacing of described drip irrigation pipe is equal with the spacing of peanut ridge.
5. one to cultivate peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described bucket, is placed with fertilizer according to liquid manure ratio.
6. one to cultivate peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described interior of bucket is provided with ball float level controller.
7. one to cultivate peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described bucket outer wall is provided with volume markings footage number.
CN201420837097.7U 2014-12-26 2014-12-26 One cultivates peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device Expired - Fee Related CN204539828U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201420837097.7U CN204539828U (en) 2014-12-26 2014-12-26 One cultivates peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420837097.7U CN204539828U (en) 2014-12-26 2014-12-26 One cultivates peanut under-film drip irrigation water-fertilizer integral device

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105230306A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-01-13 山东省花生研究所 High-yield water-saving cultivation method for drip irrigation under plastic film of peanuts
CN105638064A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-06-08 中国农业大学 Remotely-metering water and fertilizer coupling regulation and control system of cotton drip irrigation under mulch
CN106069530A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-09 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of subtracting of high organic fertilizer is used to steam water-saving method and the application in plantation salt-soda soil photinia glabra thereof
CN106105466A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of use steams water-saving method and the application in the Pollen pini thunbergii of plantation salt-soda soil thereof containing subtracting of molybdenum microorganism fertilizer

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105230306A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-01-13 山东省花生研究所 High-yield water-saving cultivation method for drip irrigation under plastic film of peanuts
CN105230306B (en) * 2015-10-28 2018-12-28 山东省花生研究所 One cultivates peanut under-film drip irrigation high yield water-saving cultivation method
CN105638064A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-06-08 中国农业大学 Remotely-metering water and fertilizer coupling regulation and control system of cotton drip irrigation under mulch
CN106069530A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-09 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of subtracting of high organic fertilizer is used to steam water-saving method and the application in plantation salt-soda soil photinia glabra thereof
CN106105466A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of use steams water-saving method and the application in the Pollen pini thunbergii of plantation salt-soda soil thereof containing subtracting of molybdenum microorganism fertilizer

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150812

Termination date: 20151226

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