CN206150049U - Irrigate subassembly and irrigation equipment - Google Patents

Irrigate subassembly and irrigation equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206150049U
CN206150049U CN201621218733.3U CN201621218733U CN206150049U CN 206150049 U CN206150049 U CN 206150049U CN 201621218733 U CN201621218733 U CN 201621218733U CN 206150049 U CN206150049 U CN 206150049U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
irrigation
water
assembly
delivery port
sprinkling
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Active
Application number
CN201621218733.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘战东
米兆荣
孙景生
刘浩
强小嫚
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Farmland Irrigation Research Institute of CAAS
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Farmland Irrigation Research Institute of CAAS
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Priority to CN201621218733.3U priority Critical patent/CN206150049U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The utility model provides an irrigate subassembly and irrigation equipment irrigates the subassembly including the portion of driping irrigation, sprinkling irrigation portion, water knockout drum and gating mechanism, the water knockout drum has the water inlet to and first delivery port and second delivery port, the water inlet is connected with the water source, first delivery port is connected with the portion of driping irrigation, the second delivery port is connected with sprinkling irrigation portion, the portion of driping irrigation has at least one emitter, sprinkling irrigation portion has at least one shower nozzle, gating mechanism optionally with first delivery port with drip irrigation portion intercommunication, and/or, with the second delivery port with sprinkling irrigation portion intercommunication. The utility model provides an irrigate the subassembly, can drip irrigation or spray or drip irrigation simultaneously and spray crops, can satisfy the irrigation needs of all crops in the farmland, and simple structure, be convenient for operate.

Description

Irrigation assembly and irrigation equipment
Technical field
The utility model is related to irrigation technique field, more particularly, to a kind of irrigation assembly and a kind of using the irrigation The irrigation equipment of component.
Background technology
China's irrigable acre accounts for 50% or so of national cultivated area, but its grain quantum of output account for the 2/3 of the whole nation with On, Vegetable Output amount accounts for more than the 90% of the whole nation, therefore improves irrigated land production capacity, has to National agricultural development significant. Tillage method and irrigation method are the key factors for affecting irrigated land production capacity, and researcher has found that the tillage method of autumn subsoiling can Be obviously improved the soil quality in irrigated land, can effectively reduce the soil weight, improve soil porosity, increase field capacity and Saturation moisture content, thickeies effective topsoil, improves water and fertilizer utilization.But merely with autumn subsoiling to improve irrigated land production capacity be remote Not nearly enough, in addition it is also necessary to coordinate rational irrigation method.
The mode of traditional irrigation is broadly divided into flood irrigation, sprinkling irrigation and drip irrigation:
Flood irrigation is that directly water is poured onto on the ground in field, water cross flow on the ground of leaving during irrigation, by means of Action of Gravity Field leaching Profit soil, flood irrigation can aggravate lower soil deposition compacting, plough sole is constantly thickeied, and soil density increasingly increases.
Sprinkling irrigation is that the water after pressurization is sprayed onto in the air using special equipments such as shower nozzles, forms water droplet and falls earthward and crop The irrigation method on surface, has the advantages that water-saving, province ground, soil conservation, fertilizer conservation, can also spray chemical fertilizer, agricultural chemicals etc., can adjust field Between miniclimate, play reduction blade face temperature action in hot season, and wash out the dust on cauline leaf, be conducive to plant breathing and Photosynthesis.
Drip irrigation is that water is sent into crop root by the aperture on pipeline or water dropper using pipeline to carry out selective placement, and it is A kind of more effective Water Saving Irrigation Mode of current drought and water-scarce area, the utilization rate of water is up to 95%.
Compared to flood irrigation, sprinkling irrigation and drip irrigation are the irrigation methods for being capable of preferable soil protection structure.Due in irrigated land Crop specie is more, although drip irrigation can supply water for root system of plant, ensures plant life, some crops (such as leaf vegetables Class, fruit tree etc.) it is also required to spray its blade face, so as to reduce its blade face temperature, just can guarantee that it is grown up strong and sturdy, it is existing Irrigation equipment can only carry out drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation, and irrigation method is single, cause existing irrigation equipment not adapt to all in farmland The needs of crops.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of irrigation assembly, and to solve existing irrigation equipment farmland is not adapted to The problem of the needs of interior all crops.
The utility model provides a kind of irrigation assembly, including drip irrigation portion, sprinkling irrigation portion, water knockout drum and gating mechanism;
The water knockout drum has water inlet, and the first delivery port and the second delivery port;The water inlet is connected with water source, First delivery port is connected with drip irrigation portion, and second delivery port is connected with sprinkling irrigation portion;
The drip irrigation portion has at least one douche, and the sprinkling irrigation portion has at least one shower nozzle;
The gating mechanism alternatively connects the first delivery port with the drip irrigation portion, and/or, by the second delivery port and institute State the connection of sprinkling irrigation portion.
Further, the gating mechanism includes the first switching mechanism and the second switching mechanism;
First switching mechanism is arranged on the arrival end in first water outlet or the drip irrigation portion, or installed in institute State between water knockout drum and the drip irrigation portion;
Second switching mechanism is arranged on the arrival end in second water outlet or the sprinkling irrigation portion, or installed in institute State between water knockout drum and the sprinkling irrigation portion.
Further, the drip irrigation portion includes the drip irrigation supervisor for being connected with first delivery port, the drip irrigation master Pipe is provided with least one drip irrigation arm, and the drip irrigation arm is provided with least one douche;
The sprinkling irrigation portion include for being connected with second delivery port sprinkling irrigation supervisor, it is described sprinkling irrigation supervisor be provided with to A few sprinkler lateral, the sprinkler lateral is provided with least one shower nozzle.
Further, it is provided with connecting hole on the sprinkling irrigation supervisor and sprinkler lateral;
The direction of the water flowing in the sprinkling irrigation supervisor, the aperture of the connecting hole on the sprinkling irrigation supervisor is incremented by, so that The flow of the water that the connecting hole per root on sprinkling irrigation supervisor flows out is identical;
The direction of the water flowing in the sprinkler lateral, the aperture of the connecting hole on the sprinkler lateral is incremented by, so that The flow of the water that the connecting hole on every sprinkler lateral flows out is identical.
Further, it is provided with bindiny mechanism between the sprinkling irrigation supervisor and the sprinkler lateral;
One end of the bindiny mechanism and the sprinkling irrigation supervisor grafting, the other end of the bindiny mechanism and the sprinkling irrigation Pipe grafting.
The purpose of this utility model also resides in a kind of irrigation equipment of offer, including for water assembly and described in the utility model Irrigation assembly;
The confession water assembly includes water pump, and the arrival end of the water pump is connected with water source, the port of export of the water pump and institute State the water inlet connection of water knockout drum.
Further, the irrigation equipment also includes Power Supply Assembly;
The Power Supply Assembly includes water wheels, generator and the battery being sequentially connected;
The confession water assembly also includes storage tank, and the inlet opening of the storage tank is connected with the port of export of the water pump, institute The apopore for stating storage tank is connected with the water inlet of the water knockout drum;
The water wheels are arranged on the inside of the storage tank, and the water energy that the inlet opening of the storage tank flows into enough drives institute State water wheels to rotate to drive electrical power generators, the battery can store electric energy that the generator sends with to the water pump Power supply.
Further, the irrigation equipment is also included for driving the confession water assembly and the irrigation assembly to move in field Dynamic moving assembly;
The confession water assembly and the irrigation assembly are installed on the moving assembly.
Further, the irrigation equipment also includes control assembly;
The control assembly includes control cabinet and Temperature Humidity Sensor, the Temperature Humidity Sensor, the water pump and described Gating mechanism is electrically connected with the control cabinet, and the Temperature Humidity Sensor is used to detect the humiture information of soil, the control Case processed can receive the humiture information of the Temperature Humidity Sensor detection and control the start and stop and the choosing of the water pump The break-make of logical mechanism.
Further, the irrigation equipment also includes filter assemblies, and the filter assemblies are arranged on entering for the water knockout drum At the mouth of a river or the water pump the port of export, or between the water pump and the water knockout drum.
The irrigation assembly that the utility model is provided, including drip irrigation portion, sprinkling irrigation portion, water knockout drum and gating mechanism;Described point of water Utensil has water inlet, and the first delivery port and the second delivery port;The water inlet is connected with water source, first delivery port with Drip irrigation portion connects, and second delivery port is connected with sprinkling irrigation portion;The drip irrigation portion has at least one douche, the sprinkling irrigation portion With at least one shower nozzle;The gating mechanism alternatively connects the first delivery port with the drip irrigation portion, and/or, by second Delivery port is connected with the sprinkling irrigation portion.Water is derived from water inlet and enters after water knockout drum, respectively from the first delivery port and the second delivery port Flow out, when the crops in farmland need drip irrigation, connected the first delivery port with drip irrigation portion using gating mechanism, the first water outlet The water flowed out in mouthful will be flowed into drip irrigation portion, subsequently oozed from douche, and douche is inserted into the soil by crop root system In earth, you can carry out drip irrigation;When sprinkling irrigation is needed, the second delivery port is connected with sprinkling irrigation portion using gating mechanism, the second water outlet The water flowed out in mouthful will be flowed into sprinkling irrigation portion, subsequently sprayed from shower nozzle, you can sprayed;When needs carry out drip irrigation simultaneously During with spraying, it is possible to use gating mechanism connects the first delivery port with drip irrigation portion, while the second delivery port and sprinkling irrigation portion are connected It is logical, you can while carrying out drip irrigation and sprinkling irrigation.Crops can be carried out drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation or while carry out drip irrigation by the irrigation assembly And sprinkling irrigation, the irrigation needs of all crops in farmland, and simple structure are disclosure satisfy that, it is easy to operation.
Description of the drawings
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the utility model specific embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be right The accompanying drawing to be used needed for specific embodiment or description of the prior art is briefly described, it should be apparent that, describe below In accompanying drawing be some embodiments of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, do not paying creativeness On the premise of work, can be with according to these other accompanying drawings of accompanying drawings acquisition.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the irrigation assembly that the utility model embodiment is provided;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation one of the irrigation equipment that the utility model embodiment is provided;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation two (setting moving assembly) of the irrigation equipment that the utility model embodiment is provided;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the Power Supply Assembly that the utility model embodiment is provided.
Icon:1- drip irrigations portion;2- sprinkling irrigations portion;3- water knockout drums;4- supplies water assembly;5- moving assemblies;6- powers group Part;11- douches;12- drip irrigations are responsible for;13- drip irrigation arms;21- shower nozzles;22- sprinkling irrigation supervisors;23- sprinkler laterals; 24- bindiny mechanisms;31- water inlets;The delivery ports of 32- first;The delivery ports of 33- second;41- water pumps;42- storage tanks; 421- inlet openings;422- apopores;61- water wheels;62- generators;63- batteries.
Specific embodiment
The technical solution of the utility model is clearly and completely described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, it is clear that described Embodiment is a part of embodiment of the utility model, rather than the embodiment of whole.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, this The every other embodiment that field those of ordinary skill is obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to this practicality Novel protected scope.
In description of the present utility model, it should be noted that term " " center ", " on ", D score, "left", "right", " perpendicular Directly ", the orientation or position relationship of the instruction such as " level ", " interior ", " outward " is, based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, to be only For the ease of describe the utility model and simplify description, rather than indicate or imply indication device or element must have it is specific Orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not intended that to restriction of the present utility model.Additionally, term " the One ", " second ", be only used for describe purpose, and it is not intended that indicate or imply relative importance.Wherein, term " first Put " with " second place " it is two different positions.
In description of the present utility model, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " peace Dress ", " connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be fixedly connected, or be detachably connected, or integratedly Connection;Can be mechanically connected, or electrically connect;Can be joined directly together, it is also possible to be indirectly connected to by intermediary, It can be the connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned art can be understood with concrete condition Concrete meaning of the language in the utility model.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the irrigation assembly that the utility model embodiment is provided.
The utility model provides a kind of irrigation assembly, as shown in figure 1, including drip irrigation portion 1, sprinkling irrigation portion 2, water knockout drum 3 and choosing Logical mechanism;Water knockout drum 3 has water inlet 31, and the first delivery port 32 and the second delivery port 33;Water inlet 31 is connected with water source, First delivery port 32 is connected with drip irrigation portion 1, and the second delivery port 33 is connected with sprinkling irrigation portion 2;Drip irrigation portion 1 has at least one douche 11, sprinkling irrigation portion 2 has at least one shower nozzle 21;Gating mechanism alternatively connects the first delivery port 32 with drip irrigation portion 1, and/or, Second delivery port 33 is connected with sprinkling irrigation portion 2.
Wherein, the water source flowed into from water inlet 31 can be divided into two-way using water knockout drum 3, respectively from the first delivery port 32 Flow out with the second delivery port 33;Using gating mechanism, alternatively the first delivery port 32 can be connected with drip irrigation portion 1, and/ Or, the second delivery port 33 is connected with sprinkling irrigation portion 2, and then drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation can be realized, while carrying out drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation.This Outward, the first delivery port 32 can be one, or it is multiple;Second delivery port 33 can be one, or multiple, example Such as, as shown in figure 1, the first delivery port 32 is 2.
Specifically, when needing to carry out drip irrigation, the first delivery port 32 is connected with drip irrigation portion 1 using gating mechanism, now Second delivery port 33 disconnects with sprinkling irrigation portion 2, and the water flowed out in the second delivery port 33 will not be entered in sprinkling irrigation portion 2, and the first water outlet The water flowed out in mouth 32 will be flowed into drip irrigation portion 1, subsequently oozed from douche 11, now douche 11 is inserted into farming In soil by thing root system, you can carry out drip irrigation;
When needing to be sprayed, the second delivery port 33 is connected with sprinkling irrigation portion 2 using gating mechanism, now the first water outlet Mouth 32 disconnects with drip irrigation portion 1, and the water flowed out in the first delivery port 32 will not be entered in drip irrigation portion 1, and is flowed in the second delivery port 33 The water for going out will be flowed into sprinkling irrigation portion 2, subsequently sprayed from shower nozzle 21, you can sprayed;
When needing to carry out drip irrigation and sprinkling irrigation simultaneously, it is possible to use gating mechanism connects the first delivery port 32 with drip irrigation portion 1 Logical, while the second delivery port 33 is connected with sprinkling irrigation portion 2, the water for now flowing out in the first delivery port 32 is entered in drip irrigation portion 1, the The water flowed out in two delivery ports 33 is entered in sprinkling irrigation portion 2, you can while carrying out drip irrigation and sprinkling irrigation.
Crops can be carried out drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation or while carry out drip irrigation and spray by the irrigation assembly that the utility model is provided Fill, when crops need to carry out drip irrigation, the irrigation assembly can carry out drip irrigation to it;When crops need to be sprayed, The irrigation assembly can spray to it;When crops need to carry out drip irrigation and sprinkling irrigation simultaneously, the irrigation assembly can be right It carries out drip irrigation and sprinkling irrigation simultaneously, can need to irrigate crops according to the irrigation of crops, and disclosure satisfy that agriculture The irrigation of all crops in field needs, and improves the utilization rate of irrigation assembly, in addition the irrigation assembly simple structure, is easy to behaviour Make.
When crops do not specially require to irrigation method, sprinkling irrigation and drip irrigation carry out increasing irrigation efficiency simultaneously, Reduce and irrigate duration.
Additionally, provided using the utility model irrigation assembly when, coordinate rational cultivation mode, can further improve Irrigation effect.For example, when the irrigation assembly provided using the utility model is irrigated irrigated land, can be with the use of deep The cultivation mode of pine, because the cultivation mode of subsoiling can strengthen speed and quantity that moisture penetrates into soil, reduces moisture evaporation, Be conducive to soil to store moisture, improve soil water storage ability such that it is able to which the root system for promoting crops sufficiently absorbs nutrient, has Beneficial to the growth of crops, and irrigation moisture can be made full use of, improve the utilization rate of moisture, so as to reach the mesh of water saving 's.
In the present embodiment, gating mechanism specifically includes the first switching mechanism and the second switching mechanism;First switching mechanism Be arranged at the first delivery port 32 or drip irrigation portion 1 arrival end, or between water knockout drum 3 and drip irrigation portion 1;Second opening/closing machine Structure be arranged at the second delivery port 33 or sprinkling irrigation portion 2 arrival end, or between water knockout drum 3 and sprinkling irrigation portion 2.
Wherein, the first switching mechanism and the second switching mechanism can be any suitable form, such as the first switching mechanism Can be stop valve with the second switching mechanism, can be any suitable forms such as magnetic valve.
Specifically, such as the first switching mechanism and the second switching mechanism are stop valve, and the stop valve is separately positioned on At one delivery port 32 and at the second delivery port 33, when needing to carry out drip irrigation, the stop valve at the first delivery port 32 is opened, close the Stop valve at two delivery ports 33;When needs are sprayed, the stop valve at the second delivery port 33 is opened, close first and go out Stop valve at the mouth of a river 32;When needing to carry out drip irrigation and sprinkling irrigation simultaneously, while opening the stop valve at the first delivery port 32 With the stop valve at the second delivery port 33.
Additionally, the first switching mechanism and the second switching mechanism can be the switching mechanism of control manually, or automatically The switching mechanism of control.
Using the first switching mechanism, alternatively the first delivery port 32 can be connected with drip irrigation portion 1, using the second opening/closing machine Structure, can alternatively just the second delivery port 33 is connected with sprinkling irrigation portion 2, and then the mode of operation of the irrigation assembly can be controlled (drip irrigation is irrigated or while carries out drip irrigation and irrigation), which is easy to operation, and accuracy is higher, it is possible to increase what is used can By property.
Further, drip irrigation portion 1 includes the drip irrigation supervisor 12 for being connected with the first delivery port 32, sets on drip irrigation supervisor 12 There is at least one drip irrigation arm 13, drip irrigation arm 13 is provided with least one douche 11;Sprinkling irrigation portion 2 is included for going out with second The sprinkling irrigation supervisor 22 of the connection of the mouth of a river 33, sprinkling irrigation supervisor 22 is provided with least one sprinkler lateral 23, sprinkler lateral 23 be provided with to A few shower nozzle 21.
During the irrigation assembly provided using the utility model, the water flowed out in the first delivery port 32 flows into drip irrigation supervisor 12 In, the water in drip irrigation supervisor 12 is flowed into again in drip irrigation arm 13, and the water in drip irrigation arm 13 is flowed into douche 11;Second water outlet The water flowed out in mouth 33 is flowed into sprinkling irrigation supervisor 22, and the water sprayed in supervisor 22 is flowed into again in sprinkler lateral 23, sprinkler lateral 23 In water flow into shower nozzle 21 in.
Wherein, drip irrigation arm 13, douche 11, sprinkler lateral 23 and shower nozzle 21 are at least one, drip irrigation arm 13, filling Hydrophone 11, sprinkler lateral 23 and shower nozzle 21 can be one, also can be multiple, it is preferable that drip irrigation arm 13, douche 11st, sprinkler lateral 23 and shower nozzle 21 are multiple (such as 2,3,4 etc.), can increase irrigated area, improve work effect Rate.
Connecting hole is provided with sprinkling irrigation supervisor 22 and sprinkler lateral 23;The direction of the water flowing in sprinkling irrigation supervisor 22, The aperture of the connecting hole sprayed on supervisor 22 is incremented by, so that the flow phase of the water of the connecting hole outflow per root on sprinkling irrigation supervisor 22 Together;The direction of the water flowing in sprinkler lateral 23, the aperture of the connecting hole on sprinkler lateral 23 is incremented by, so that the sprinkling irrigation per root The flow of the water that the connecting hole on pipe 23 flows out is identical.
Because the direction of the water flowing in sprinkling irrigation supervisor 22, the hydraulic pressure of the water inlet end of sprinkling irrigation supervisor 22 is maximum, sprinkling irrigation master Connecting hole on pipe 22 is more proximate to water inlet end, and the hydraulic pressure in sprinkling irrigation supervisor 22 is bigger, and water is flowed into spray from sprinkling irrigation supervisor 22 The flow velocity for filling arm 23 is bigger, therefore, the direction of the water flowing in sprinkling irrigation supervisor 22, the hole of the connecting hole on sprinkling irrigation supervisor 22 Footpath is incremented by, and can so make the flow of the water that each connecting hole flows out on sprinkling irrigation supervisor 22 identical;In the same manner, along sprinkler lateral 23 Water flowing direction, the hydraulic pressure of the water inlet end of sprinkler lateral 23 is maximum, and the connecting hole on sprinkler lateral 23 is more proximate into water End, the hydraulic pressure in sprinkler lateral 23 is bigger, and then the water for flowing out is more, therefore, the water flowing in sprinkler lateral 23 Direction, the aperture of the connecting hole on sprinkler lateral 23 is incremented by, and can so make the water that each connecting hole flows out on sprinkler lateral 23 Flow it is identical, because shower nozzle 21 is arranged on connecting hole, therefore the flow of water that each shower nozzle 21 flows out can be made identical, spray Uniformity height is filled, makes the crops around spray irrigation pipe receive uniform sprinkling irrigation, sprinkling irrigation effect can be effectively improved.
Further, it is provided with bindiny mechanism 24 between sprinkling irrigation supervisor 22 and sprinkler lateral 23;One end of bindiny mechanism 24 with Sprinkling irrigation 22 grafting of supervisor, the other end and the grafting of sprinkler lateral 23 of bindiny mechanism 24.
Wherein, bindiny mechanism 24 can be any suitable structure, for example:Connecting bend, universal saving pipe of water etc..
In the present embodiment, bindiny mechanism 24 is connecting bend, due to one end and sprinkling irrigation 22 grafting of supervisor of connecting bend, is connected Connect the other end of elbow and the grafting of sprinkler lateral 23, therefore sprinkler lateral 23 can be around the axis rotation of its own, and then can The angle between shower nozzle 21 and ground on adjustment sprinkler lateral 23, can irrigate angle according to irrigating to need to adjust, and improve The convenience for using;Simultaneously sprinkler lateral 23 can also be rotated around the axis of sprinkling irrigation supervisor 22, and then can expand sprinkler lateral 23 sprinkling irrigation scope, improves the utilization rate of equipment.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation one of the irrigation equipment that the utility model embodiment is provided;Fig. 3 is that the utility model is implemented The structural representation two (setting moving assembly) of the irrigation equipment that example is provided.
The purpose of this utility model also resides in a kind of irrigation equipment of offer, as shown in Figure 2 to Figure 3, including for water assembly 4 with And irrigation assembly described in the utility model;Include water pump 41 for water assembly 4, the arrival end of water pump 41 is connected with water source, water pump 41 port of export is connected with the water inlet 31 of water knockout drum 3.
Specifically, water source is delivered to water pump 41 water inlet 31 of water knockout drum 3, can be by from water inlet using water knockout drum 3 31 water sources for flowing into are divided into two-way, flow out from the first delivery port 32 and the second delivery port 33 respectively;Using gating mechanism, can Alternatively the first delivery port 32 is connected with drip irrigation portion 1, and/or, the second delivery port 33 is connected with sprinkling irrigation portion 2, and then can Drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation are realized, while carrying out drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the Power Supply Assembly that the utility model embodiment is provided.
Further, as shown in figure 4, irrigation equipment also includes Power Supply Assembly 6;Power Supply Assembly 6 includes the water being sequentially connected Wheel 61, generator 62 and battery 63;Also include storage tank 42, inlet opening 421 and the water pump 41 of storage tank 42 for water assembly 4 The port of export connects, and the apopore 422 of storage tank 42 is connected with the water inlet 31 of water knockout drum 3;Water wheels 61 are arranged on storage tank 42 Inside, and the water energy that the inlet opening 421 of storage tank 42 flows into enough drives water wheels 61 to rotate to drive generator 62 to generate electricity, battery 63 can store electric energy that generator 62 sends to power to water pump 41.
Specifically, water source is delivered to water pump 41 inlet opening 421 of storage tank 42, and from inlet opening 421 storage tank 42 is flowed into Internal water slug water wheels 61, and then the potential energy of water is into the kinetic energy of water wheels 61, so as to drive water wheels 61 to rotate, 61 turns of water wheels Dynamic to drive the input shaft of generator 62 to rotate, generator 62 starts to generate electricity, the electrical power storage that battery 63 produces in generator 62 In battery 63, then power for water pump 41, can be generated electricity using the potential energy of water while irrigating, improve energy The utilization rate in source.
Further, irrigation equipment is also included for driving mobile group moved in field for water assembly 4 and irrigation assembly Part 5;It is installed on moving assembly 5 for water assembly 4 and irrigation assembly.
Wherein, moving assembly 5 can be rickshaw, or the various suitable forms such as electric motor car, diesel vehicle.Utilize Moving assembly 5, irrigation equipment can be moved in the field for needing to irrigate, it is no longer necessary to pre-set irrigation in field and set It is standby, can reduce that the cost of irrigation equipment is installed, and the utilization rate of the irrigation equipment of the utility model offer is provided.
Further, irrigation equipment also includes control assembly;Control assembly includes control cabinet and Temperature Humidity Sensor, warm and humid Degree sensor, water pump 41 and gating mechanism are electrically connected with control cabinet, and Temperature Humidity Sensor is used to detect the humiture letter of soil Breath, control cabinet can receive the humiture information of Temperature Humidity Sensor detection and control the start and stop of water pump 41 and leading to for gating mechanism It is disconnected.
In the present embodiment, when critical minimum humidity of the soil moisture less than control cabinet setting, control cabinet control water pump 41 Open with the first switching mechanism, the irrigation equipment carries out drip irrigation to plant;When soil moisture more than control cabinet setting it is critical most During high humility, control cabinet control water pump 41 and first switching mechanism is closed, and the irrigation equipment stops drip irrigation.When the temperature of soil it is big When the critical maximum temperature of control cabinet setting, control cabinet control water pump 41 and second switching mechanism is opened, the irrigation equipment pair Plant is sprayed, and then reduces blade surface temperature, cleaning blade;When soil temperature less than control cabinet setting it is critical most During low temperature, control cabinet control water pump 41 and second switching mechanism is closed, and the irrigation equipment stops sprinkling irrigation.As can be seen here, the filling The equipment of irrigating according to the humiture information of soil, can control the start and stop of irrigation process, be prevented from pouring dilutional hyponatremia or water not Timely phenomenon is produced.Additionally, control cabinet can convert different irrigation methods (drip irrigation and sprinkling irrigation), the irrigation equipment is enable Automatic running, reduces cost of labor, enhances the convenience for using.
Preferably, Temperature Humidity Sensor is arranged on the top layer of soil.Due to soil surface temperature it is influenced by ambient temperature compared with Greatly, therefore Temperature Humidity Sensor is arranged on the top layer of soil, to detect soil surface temperature information, in order to judge soil in time Current Temperatures.
Further, irrigation equipment also includes filter assemblies, and filter assemblies are arranged at the water inlet 31 of water knockout drum 3 or water The port of export of pump 41, or between water pump 41 and water knockout drum 3.Wherein, filter assemblies can be various suitable forms, example As filter assemblies can include filter, it is also possible to including sedimentation basin.
In one embodiment of the present utility model, filter assemblies include filter, and filter is arranged on the water inlet of water knockout drum 3 At mouth 31, filter can filter out the impurity in water source, more pure water is entered in water knockout drum 3, and then enter drip irrigation In portion 1 and sprinkling irrigation portion 2, filter can more efficiently remove the impurity in water source, and then prevent douche 11 from blocking, effectively Extend service life.
In another embodiment of the present utility model, filter assemblies include sedimentation basin, and car battery is arranged on water pump 41 and divides Between hydrophone 3.Specifically, water is derived from after the outflow of the port of export of water pump 41, flows into sedimentation basin, after precipitating in sedimentation basin, on The more clear water of layer is flowed into the water inlet 31 of water knockout drum 3, and in subsequently flowing into drip irrigation portion 1 and sprinkling irrigation portion 2, filter is same The impurity in water source can more efficiently be removed, and then prevent douche 11 from blocking, and simple structure, equipment cost compared with It is low.
Crops can be carried out drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation or while carry out drip irrigation and spray by the irrigation equipment that the utility model is provided Fill, when crops need to carry out drip irrigation, the irrigation assembly can carry out drip irrigation to it;When crops need to be sprayed, The irrigation assembly can spray to it;When crops need to carry out drip irrigation and sprinkling irrigation simultaneously, the irrigation assembly can be right It carries out drip irrigation and sprinkling irrigation simultaneously, can need to irrigate crops according to the irrigation of crops, and disclosure satisfy that agriculture The irrigation of all crops in field needs, and improves the utilization rate of irrigation assembly, in addition the irrigation assembly simple structure, is easy to behaviour Make.
Finally it should be noted that:Various embodiments above is only illustrating the technical solution of the utility model, rather than it is limited System;Although being described in detail to the utility model with reference to foregoing embodiments, one of ordinary skill in the art should Understand:It still can modify to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, either to which part or whole Technical characteristic carries out equivalent;And these are changed or are replaced, the essence for not making appropriate technical solution departs from this practicality newly The scope of each embodiment technical scheme of type.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of irrigation assembly, it is characterised in that including drip irrigation portion, sprinkling irrigation portion, water knockout drum and gating mechanism;
The water knockout drum has water inlet, and the first delivery port and the second delivery port;The water inlet is connected with water source, described First delivery port is connected with drip irrigation portion, and second delivery port is connected with sprinkling irrigation portion;
The drip irrigation portion has at least one douche, and the sprinkling irrigation portion has at least one shower nozzle;
The gating mechanism alternatively connects the first delivery port with the drip irrigation portion, and/or, by the second delivery port and the spray Filling portion connects.
2. irrigation assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the gating mechanism includes the first switching mechanism and the Two switching mechanisms;
First switching mechanism is arranged on the arrival end in first water outlet or the drip irrigation portion, or installed in described point Between hydrophone and the drip irrigation portion;
Second switching mechanism is arranged on the arrival end in second water outlet or the sprinkling irrigation portion, or installed in described point Between hydrophone and the sprinkling irrigation portion.
3. irrigation assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the drip irrigation portion include for first water outlet The drip irrigation supervisor of mouth connection, the drip irrigation supervisor is provided with least one drip irrigation arm, and the drip irrigation arm is provided with least one Individual douche;
The sprinkling irrigation portion includes the sprinkling irrigation supervisor for being connected with second delivery port, and the sprinkling irrigation supervisor is provided with least one Individual sprinkler lateral, the sprinkler lateral is provided with least one shower nozzle.
4. irrigation assembly according to claim 3, it is characterised in that be provided with the sprinkling irrigation supervisor and sprinkler lateral Connecting hole;
The direction of the water flowing in the sprinkling irrigation supervisor, the aperture of the connecting hole on the sprinkling irrigation supervisor is incremented by, so that per root The flow of the water that the connecting hole on sprinkling irrigation supervisor flows out is identical;
The direction of the water flowing in the sprinkler lateral, the aperture of the connecting hole on the sprinkler lateral is incremented by, so that per root The flow of the water that the connecting hole on sprinkler lateral flows out is identical.
5. irrigation assembly according to claim 3, it is characterised in that set between the sprinkling irrigation supervisor and the sprinkler lateral There is bindiny mechanism;
Insert with the sprinkler lateral with the sprinkling irrigation supervisor grafting, the other end of the bindiny mechanism one end of the bindiny mechanism Connect.
6. a kind of irrigation equipment, it is characterised in that include for the irrigation any one of water assembly and claim 1-5 Component;
The confession water assembly includes water pump, and the arrival end of the water pump is connected with water source, the port of export of the water pump with described point The water inlet connection of hydrophone.
7. irrigation equipment according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the irrigation equipment also includes Power Supply Assembly;
The Power Supply Assembly includes water wheels, generator and the battery being sequentially connected;
The confession water assembly also includes storage tank, and the inlet opening of the storage tank is connected with the port of export of the water pump, the storage The apopore of water tank is connected with the water inlet of the water knockout drum;
The water wheels are arranged on the inside of the storage tank, and the water energy that the inlet opening of the storage tank flows into enough drives the water Wheel rotates to drive electrical power generators, and the battery can store electric energy that the generator sends to supply the water pump Electricity.
8. irrigation equipment according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the irrigation equipment is also included for driving the confession The moving assembly that water assembly and the irrigation assembly are moved in field;
The confession water assembly and the irrigation assembly are installed on the moving assembly.
9. irrigation equipment according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the irrigation equipment also includes control assembly;
The control assembly includes control cabinet and Temperature Humidity Sensor, the Temperature Humidity Sensor, the water pump and the gating Mechanism electrically connects with the control cabinet, and the Temperature Humidity Sensor is used to detect the humiture information of soil, the control cabinet The humiture information of the Temperature Humidity Sensor detection can be received and the start and stop of the water pump and the gating machine is controlled The break-make of structure.
10. irrigation equipment according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the irrigation equipment also includes filter assemblies, described Filter assemblies are arranged on the port of export of the water inlet of the water knockout drum or the water pump, or installed in the water pump and described point Between hydrophone.
CN201621218733.3U 2016-11-11 2016-11-11 Irrigate subassembly and irrigation equipment Active CN206150049U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106258836A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-01-04 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 Irrigation assembly and irrigation equipment
CN108633700A (en) * 2018-05-16 2018-10-12 枞阳县黄公山清涧家庭农场 A kind of sprinkling irrigation structure of multi-purpose irrigation rig
CN109937857A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-06-28 福建农林大学 A kind of energy-saving irrigation system based on the intelligent electromagnetic valve using water-energy generating electricity
CN110589744A (en) * 2019-08-16 2019-12-20 大别山野岭饮料股份有限公司 Pneumatic feeding device for decoction pieces
CN111492948A (en) * 2020-05-27 2020-08-07 东台乾农绿化工程股份有限公司 Gardens irrigation equipment
CN113207641A (en) * 2021-06-03 2021-08-06 中交河海工程有限公司 Energy-saving irrigation device for hydraulic engineering and irrigation method thereof

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106258836A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-01-04 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 Irrigation assembly and irrigation equipment
CN108633700A (en) * 2018-05-16 2018-10-12 枞阳县黄公山清涧家庭农场 A kind of sprinkling irrigation structure of multi-purpose irrigation rig
CN109937857A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-06-28 福建农林大学 A kind of energy-saving irrigation system based on the intelligent electromagnetic valve using water-energy generating electricity
CN110589744A (en) * 2019-08-16 2019-12-20 大别山野岭饮料股份有限公司 Pneumatic feeding device for decoction pieces
CN111492948A (en) * 2020-05-27 2020-08-07 东台乾农绿化工程股份有限公司 Gardens irrigation equipment
CN113207641A (en) * 2021-06-03 2021-08-06 中交河海工程有限公司 Energy-saving irrigation device for hydraulic engineering and irrigation method thereof

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