CN107155496A - A kind of dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system - Google Patents

A kind of dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107155496A
CN107155496A CN201710526631.0A CN201710526631A CN107155496A CN 107155496 A CN107155496 A CN 107155496A CN 201710526631 A CN201710526631 A CN 201710526631A CN 107155496 A CN107155496 A CN 107155496A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
water
dragon fruit
pipe
integral
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710526631.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林杰
林琳
林子航
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangxi Hai Quan Agriculture Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangxi Hai Quan Agriculture Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangxi Hai Quan Agriculture Co Ltd filed Critical Guangxi Hai Quan Agriculture Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710526631.0A priority Critical patent/CN107155496A/en
Publication of CN107155496A publication Critical patent/CN107155496A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks, sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/04Distributing under pressure; Distributing mud; Adaptation of watering systems for fertilising-liquids
    • A01C23/047Spraying of liquid fertilisers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C3/00Treating manure; Manuring
    • A01C3/02Storage places for manure, e.g. cisterns for liquid manure; Installations for fermenting manure
    • A01C3/026Storage places for manure, e.g. cisterns for liquid manure; Installations for fermenting manure with mixing or agitating devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0025Mechanical sprayers
    • A01M7/0032Pressure sprayers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system, belong to dragon fruit plantation equipment technical field.The dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system, including cistern, organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder, fertilizer storage cylinder, controller, spray irrigation system.The present invention sets up organic fertilizer jar fermenter on the basis of general water-fertilizer integral system, organic fertilizer is prepared into using the fermentation such as farm manure, stalk, after the steps such as filtering, slagging-off, dilution, water soluble organic fertilizer is made, comprehensive nutritional need is provided for dragon fruit.This conceptual design can largely reduce the use of chemical fertilizer, reduce water pollution, be conducive to environmental protection.

Description

A kind of dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system
Technical field
The invention belongs to dragon fruit cultivating device technical field, and in particular to a kind of dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system.
Background technology
Dragon fruit is Cactaeous plants, and there is very high economic value in original producton location in Central America.It collects " fruit ", " flower Grass ", " vegetables ", " health care ", " medicine " are integrated, referred to as priceless treasure.On the traditional fiesta in Latin America, dragon fruit is Indispensable one kind " sacred fruit ".Dragon fruit is nutritious, and function is unique, there is excellent effect to health.It contains one As the rare vegetable albumin of plant and anthocyanidin, abundant vitamin and water-soluble dietary fiber.Current dragon fruit is in platform The fairly large plantation in the provinces and regions such as gulf, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan, Fujian, and economic value is high, profitable on ecology.
The Integration of Water into Fertilizer is will to irrigate the new agricultural technology combined together with fertilising.Water-fertilizer integral is by pressure System, soluble solids or liquid fertilizer, by soil nutrient content and the regulation of fertilizer requirement and feature of crop species, are dissolved Solution is together with irrigation water, by controllable pipeline system water supply, fertilizer, makes after liquid manure mutually melts, to pass through pipeline and water dropper formation drop Fill, uniform, timing, quantitative, infiltration crop root development growth region, main root soil is remained loose and suitable Water content, while according to the nutrient uptake feature of different crops, soil environment and Nutrient Concentration Status;Crop different growing stages are needed Water, regulation of fertilizer requirement situation carries out the Demand Design of different growing, is supplied directly in proportion moisture, nutrient at regular time and quantity Crop.
The advantage of the Integration of Water into Fertilizer is that the fertilizer efficiency of fertigation is fast, and plant recovery of nutrient is improved.Fertilizer can be avoided to apply Slow, the problem of final fertilizer efficiency plays slow in the easily caused volatilization loss of more dry topsoil, dissolving;It specifically avoid ammonium state and urine Plain state nitrogenous fertilizer is applied the problem of earth's surface volatilization loss, had not only been saved nitrogenous fertilizer but also had been conducive to environmental protection.So the Integration of Water into Fertilizer Increase substantially the utilization rate of fertilizer.Studied according to Agricultural University Of South China professor Zhang Chenglin, fertigation system compares conventional fertilizer application Save fertilizer 50%~70%;Meanwhile, greatly reduce in facilities vegetable and orchard because of excessive fertilization and caused by water pollution Problem.Because the Integration of Water into Fertilizer is by artificial quantitatively regulating and controlling, crop is met the need for crux breeding time " eating and drinking to one's heart's content ", Prevent any nutritional deficiency symptom, thus can reach in production the yield and quality of crop good target.However, existing Water-fertilizer integral system largely uses chemical fertilizer to be dissolved in the form of water and water soluble fertilizer is provided for crop, and chronic administration chemical fertilizer is led Body of groundwater eutrophication (nitrogen, phosphorus are exceeded) is caused, causes ecological environment to be difficult to the destruction reversed.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system, matching somebody with somebody for integrated water soluble organic fertilizer is set Facility is covered, by self-prepared organic fertilizer to reduce the use of chemical fertilizer, to solve a large amount of useizations in water-fertilizer integral irrigation at present Fertile the problem of.
To solve above technical problem, the present invention uses following technical scheme:
A kind of dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system, including cistern, organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder, fertilizer storage cylinder, controller, spray Fill system, it is characterised in that the cistern is connected by secondary water-supply-pipe with organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder, passes through water-main and sprinkling irrigation System is connected;The organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder is connected with fertilizer storage cylinder, and the bottom of the fertilizer storage cylinder is provided with fertilizer delivering pipe, described Fertilizer delivering pipe is connected to form liquid manure conveyance conduit by flange and water-main;The liquid manure conveyance conduit connects spray irrigation system;Institute Stating controller is used to control whole water-fertilizer integral system.
Preferably, the organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder includes baffle plate, filtered through gauze net, pressure plare, and wherein baffle plate is sideboard, Filtered through gauze side on the net is placed in, pressure plare can be up and down, and the organic fertilizer in the organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder enters after filtering Fertilizer storage cylinder.
Preferably, the fertilizer storage cylinder includes the first screen pack, agitator, the second screen pack.
Preferably, first screen pack is 150-180 mesh, and the second screen pack is 200-250 mesh, and agitator is located at second The top of screen pack.
Preferably, the water-main is connected with fertilizer storage cylinder respectively by the first branched pipe, second branched pipe, branch Valve is provided with pipeline, the first branched pipe is located above the second screen pack, and second branched pipe is located at below the second screen pack.
Preferably, the fertilizer delivering pipe is connected with flow sensor;Soil moisture biography is connected with the liquid manure conveyance conduit Sensor and pressure sensor.
Preferably, the soil humidity sensor is located at dragon fruit field.
Preferably, suction pump, valve are additionally provided with the liquid manure conveyance conduit.
Preferably, the spray irrigation system includes being provided with valve on spray piping and droping irrigating pipe, pipeline.
Preferably, the spray piping and droping irrigating pipe are built on concrete column, and spray piping is located on droping irrigating pipe Side.
The invention has the advantages that:
1. the present invention sets up organic fertilizer jar fermenter on the basis of general water-fertilizer integral system, farm manure, straw are utilized The fermentation such as stalk is prepared into organic fertilizer, after the steps such as filtering, slagging-off, dilution, water soluble organic fertilizer is made, is provided for dragon fruit Comprehensive nutritional need.This conceptual design can largely reduce the use of chemical fertilizer, reduce water pollution, be conducive to environmental protection.
2. the fertilizer storage cylinder of the present invention is a chemical fertilizer, organic fertilizer, the equipment of agricultural chemicals three, organic except that can filter Fertilizer, moreover it is possible to by first, second branched pipe to injection water, dissolved and diluted fertilizer and pesticide, realizes water-fertilizer-pesticide integration, leads to Cross a set of equipment and realize a variety of functions such as the irrigation, fertilising, insect pest preventing and controlling of dragon fruit, less labor management cost improves effect Rate.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system structure diagrams of the present invention
1. organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder;2. baffle plate;3. filtered through gauze net;4. valve;5. fertilizer storage cylinder;6. the first screen pack; 7. agitator;8. the second screen pack;9. fertilizer is switched;10. cistern;11. water-main;12. droping irrigating pipe;13. water-supply-pipe Valve;14. the first branched pipe;15. second branched pipe;16. suction pump;17. flow sensor;18. soil humidity sensor; 19. pressure sensor;20. controller;21. droping irrigating pipe valve;22. spray piping;23. spray piping valve;24. cement Post;25. pressure plare;26. fertilizer delivering pipe;27. secondary water-supply-pipe;28. aqueduct valve;29. flange;30. liquid manure conveyance conduit;31. the One branch's tube valve;32. second branched pipe valve;33. liquid manure conveyance conduit valve;34. spray irrigation system.
Embodiment
For ease of more fully understanding the present invention, it is illustrated by following examples, these embodiments belong to the present invention's Protection domain, but do not limit the scope of the invention.
Dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system as shown in Figure 1, including cistern 10, organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder 1, fertilizer storage cylinder 5th, controller 20, spray irrigation system 34.The cistern 10 is connected by secondary water-supply-pipe 27 with organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder 1, and passes through master Water-supply-pipe 11 is connected with spray irrigation system 34;The organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder 1 is connected with fertilizer storage cylinder 5, wherein organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder 1 Including baffle plate 2, filtered through gauze net 3, pressure plare 25, the baffle plate 2 is sideboard, is placed in the top of filtered through gauze net 3, pressure plare 25 can be up and down, and the organic fertilizer in the organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder 1 enters fertilizer storage cylinder 5 after filtering;The fertilizer storage It is 150-180 to deposit cylinder 5 to include the first screen pack in the first screen pack 6, agitator 7, the second screen pack 8, the fertilizer storage cylinder Mesh, the second screen pack is 200-250 mesh, and agitator is located at the top of the second screen pack, and the water-main 11 passes through first point Branch pipe 14, second branched pipe 15 are connected with fertilizer storage cylinder, and the first branched pipe 14 is located at the top of the second screen pack 8, the second branch Pipe 15, which is located on the lower section of the second screen pack 8, the first lateral, is provided with valve 31, and second branched pipe is provided with valve on road 32.The bottom of fertilizer storage cylinder is provided with fertilizer delivering pipe 26, and liquid manure conveyance conduit 30 is connected to form by flange 29 and water-main 11. Liquid manure conveyance conduit connects spray irrigation system 34;Flow sensor 17 is connected with fertilizer delivering pipe 26;Soil humidity sensor 19 is located at field Between, and be connected with liquid manure conveyance conduit 30;Pressure sensor 18 is connected with liquid manure conveyance conduit 30;Set on liquid manure conveyance conduit There are suction pump 16, valve 33.Spray irrigation system includes being provided with valve 23 on spray piping 22 and droping irrigating pipe 12, spray piping, Valve 21 is provided with droping irrigating pipe, spray piping and droping irrigating pipe are built on cement 24, and spray piping is located at drip irrigation pipe Above road.The controller 20 is connected with flow sensor 17, soil humidity sensor 19, pressure sensor 18, and controller is used In the whole water-fertilizer integral system of control.
The present invention operating method be:Farm manure, stalk, zymophyte etc. are put into organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder and fermented, Appropriate water is added after becoming thoroughly decomposed completely to be filtered, and is extruded with pressure plare, makes filtering fully, filter residue can still act as fertilizer Material is imposed in dragon fruit planting soil, and filtrate flows into is filtered again in fertilizer storage cylinder, is diluted, is adjusted while injecting water Suitable concentration is saved, water soluble organic fertilizer is produced.Organic fertilizer is sprayed on dragon fruit seedling by main pipeline.
Above content is to combine specific preferred embodiment further description made for the present invention, it is impossible to assert The specific implementation of the present invention is confined to these explanations, for person of an ordinary skill in the technical field, is not departing from On the premise of present inventive concept, some simple deduction or replace can also be made, the present invention should be all considered as belonging to by being submitted Claims determine scope of patent protection.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system, including cistern, organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder, fertilizer storage cylinder, controller, sprinkling irrigation System, it is characterised in that the cistern is connected by secondary water-supply-pipe with organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder, the cistern passes through main water delivery Pipe is connected with spray irrigation system;The organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder is connected with fertilizer storage cylinder, and the bottom of the fertilizer storage cylinder is provided with defeated Fertilizer pipe, the fertilizer delivering pipe is connected to form liquid manure conveyance conduit by flange and water-main;The liquid manure conveyance conduit connection spray Fill system;The controller is used to control whole water-fertilizer integral system.
2. dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder includes Baffle plate, filtered through gauze net, pressure plare, wherein baffle plate are sideboard, are placed in filtered through gauze side on the net, and pressure plare can be living up and down Dynamic, the organic fertilizer in the organic fertilizer fermentation cylinder enters fertilizer storage cylinder after filtering.
3. dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the fertilizer storage cylinder includes the One screen pack, agitator, the second screen pack.
4. dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system according to claim 3, it is characterised in that first screen pack is 150- 180 mesh, the second screen pack is 200-250 mesh, and agitator is located at the top of the second screen pack.
5. dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the water-main passes through first Branched pipe, second branched pipe are connected with fertilizer storage cylinder respectively, and valve is provided with lateral.
6. dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that first branched pipe is located at the Above two screen packs, second branched pipe is located at below the second screen pack.
7. dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the fertilizer delivering pipe is connected with flow Sensor;Soil humidity sensor and pressure sensor are connected with the liquid manure conveyance conduit;The soil humidity sensor Positioned at dragon fruit field.
8. the dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system according to any one of claim 1 or 7, it is characterised in that the liquid manure is defeated Send and suction pump, valve are additionally provided with pipeline.
9. dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the spray irrigation system includes spray Valve is provided with pipeline and droping irrigating pipe, pipeline.
10. dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the spray piping and drip irrigation Pipeline is built on concrete column, and spray piping is located above droping irrigating pipe.
CN201710526631.0A 2017-06-30 2017-06-30 A kind of dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system Pending CN107155496A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710526631.0A CN107155496A (en) 2017-06-30 2017-06-30 A kind of dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710526631.0A CN107155496A (en) 2017-06-30 2017-06-30 A kind of dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107155496A true CN107155496A (en) 2017-09-15

Family

ID=59827095

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710526631.0A Pending CN107155496A (en) 2017-06-30 2017-06-30 A kind of dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107155496A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111727827A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-02 河南省华中环保研究有限公司 Northern greenhouse planting method for pitaya

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111727827A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-02 河南省华中环保研究有限公司 Northern greenhouse planting method for pitaya

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103704043B (en) Herba Sedi Linearis brick and manufacture method
CN105706728A (en) Water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated planting method of sugarcane
CN107027593A (en) Atomization drip irrigation integrated device and the method irrigated using the device
CN206879432U (en) A kind of dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system
CN106258142A (en) Fruit tree water-fertilizer integral fertilizing method
CN104663377A (en) Soilless culture method for chives
CN105123425A (en) Facility cultivation method for grapes
CN103416185B (en) Fixed ridge culture and subsurface drip irrigation cultivation method
CN105409531A (en) Disease and insect pest occurrence reducing lotus root planting method for lotus root ponds
CN111133988A (en) Garden green space maintenance system
CN107409735A (en) Arid-desert area cotton trace irrigates liquid manure integrated high-efficiency cultural method
CN104186161A (en) Method for drip irrigation vegetable planting below dry slope land membrane
CN108476946B (en) Intelligent irrigation control system and method
CN107155496A (en) A kind of dragon fruit water-fertilizer integral system
CN206461968U (en) Water-fertilizer integral device is used in crop field industrial crops cultivation
CN107996243A (en) The method that Chinese wax is planted in salt-soda soil
CN106856958A (en) A kind of maize mulched drip irrigation water-fertilizer-pesticide integrated cultivation method
CN106068986A (en) A kind of salt-soda soil method for growing vegetables
CN104838987B (en) A kind of controllable section fertilizer device of rhizosphere formula
CN103535207B (en) A kind of planter
CN104012264A (en) Drought-tolerant water-saving cultivation and plantation technology of Carththamus tinctorius.L
CN110431978A (en) A kind of low slope hilly and mountainous land orchard water, fertilizer, medicine integration sprinkling irrigation method
CN207885193U (en) A kind of undulating topography citrus irrigation liquid manure integral system
Jha et al. Optimal planting geometry and growth stage based fertigation in vegetable crops
CN206118405U (en) Garden greens maintenance system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination