CN106416812A - Container sleeved root control bag seed and seedling cultivation device, automatic-control irrigation system thereof and seedling cultivation method - Google Patents

Container sleeved root control bag seed and seedling cultivation device, automatic-control irrigation system thereof and seedling cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106416812A
CN106416812A CN201611145258.6A CN201611145258A CN106416812A CN 106416812 A CN106416812 A CN 106416812A CN 201611145258 A CN201611145258 A CN 201611145258A CN 106416812 A CN106416812 A CN 106416812A
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China
Prior art keywords
bag
beautiful
seed
container
electronic valve
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Pending
Application number
CN201611145258.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张�林
刘双枝
张文馨
焦航
张秋燕
吴豪
王乐平
赵玉荣
张玉娇
李孟磊
冯立凯
赵艳冰
张东方
李江
张述勇
张占领
张彩霞
曹杰
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Yanling Zhong Lin Garden Engineering Co Ltd
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Yanling Zhong Lin Garden Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611145258.6A priority Critical patent/CN106416812A/en
Publication of CN106416812A publication Critical patent/CN106416812A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks or sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/02Special arrangements for delivering the liquid directly into the soil
    • A01C23/023Special arrangements for delivering the liquid directly into the soil for liquid or gas fertilisers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • A01G27/003Controls for self-acting watering devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • A01G27/006Reservoirs, separate from plant-pots, dispensing directly into rooting medium
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/029Receptacles for seedlings

Abstract

The invention discloses a container sleeved root control bag seed and seedling cultivation device, an automatic-control irrigation system thereof and a seed and seedling cultivation method. Strong seeds or seedlings to be cultivated are treated and then planted in container sleeved root control bags, irrigation is performed by the automatic-control irrigation system, and fertilizing is realized through irrigation during growing. Pipelines are used to connect each part, so that comprehensive automatic irrigation and water-fertilizer integration in a planting area are realized; by the method, survival rate of seedlings is increased, and the seedlings are uniform in growing speed, so that standardized production of the seedlings is facilitated, factory-like seedling growing can be realized, and various high-quality engineering seedlings complete in specification are cultivated.

Description

A kind of container set is beautiful to plant bag seed cultivation device and its automatically controls irrigation system, training The method of breeding station
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural plantation technology field and in particular to a kind of container set beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device and its from The dynamic method controlling irrigation system, cultivating seedling.
Background technology
Beautiful bag of planting is otherwise known as environment protecting plant bag, with Australia nonwoven polypropylene as primary raw material, high-tenacity terylene line is used In suture, make that suture will not factor be scattered because burn into is aging etc..Cultivate seedling in U.S. plant bag to have the characteristics that:(1) Root system is difficult around growth;(2)Soil ball is little and is difficult loose;(3)Transplanting speed is fast, workload is little, transplant season significantly extends; (4)Multinomial cost can be reduced;(5)Achievable seedling standardization, factorial praluction.
Based on above-mentioned advantage, beautiful bag of planting is used widely in nursery, crop production, urban landscaping, especially exists South China area.The northern area of China has that spring arid is windy and dusty, summer high temperature is rainy, the weather of winter cold drying is special Point, if beautiful bag of planting is placed directly on nursery lot using being subject to certain restrictions:(1)Beautiful bag of planting easily is scraped by strong wind and in the winter time Seedling root system loses the compensation of soil temperature.The impact to root system of plant for the soil temperature is many, and it can affect the growth mould of plant Formula, the accumulation of each organ dry and root/shoot ratio, can cause root system to endure cold necrosis when serious;(2)During Summer Heavy Rainfall, in U.S. plant bag Substrate easily by rain drop erosion, cause soil erosion, the minimizing of substrate has had a strong impact on root system to physiology such as nutrient, moisture absorption Activity;(3)Beautiful bag of planting is exposed in the air, fast by substrate dehydration after direct sunlight, easily aging, shortens the beautiful use planting bag Life-span;(4)Directly the beautiful bag of planting planted in seedling is placed in garden on the ground it is adaptable to short-term is cultivated(The cultivation phase is 1 ~ 2 year).If viewing and admiring Plant etc. go out garden postpone or unsalable when(Deposit the garden time more than more than 2 years), in U.S. plant bag, substrate is fixed easily and increasingly increases it is impossible to meet The demand to nutrient for the long nursery stock, thus having a strong impact on the growth promoter of nursery stock, increment slows down, and leads to root system bursting U.S. plant bag To outgrowth.Now beautiful bag of planting just loses due value.
Content of the invention
In order to solve the above problems, the invention provides a kind of container set is beautiful plants bag seed cultivation device, this device is not only Given full play to the beautiful advantage planting bag, overcome simultaneously its easily lodging, be easily subject to that rain drop erosion, water content of substrate be uncontrollable, winter The shortcomings of seedling root heat insulation effect difference;
Present invention also offers a kind of include container set beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control irrigation system, this system Achieve the automatic irrigation of seedling in planting area comprehensively, reached water-fertilizer integral, improve seedling and plant bag as substrate water to beautiful Divide the utilization rate with fertilizer, reach zero-emission;
Present invention also offers a kind of trained using the irrigation system that automatically controls including container set U.S. plant bag seed cultivation device The method of breeding station.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions
A kind of container set is beautiful to plant bag seed cultivation device, plants bag including beautiful, also includes the container that bottom has limbers, geotechnique's filter Cloth;Described container bottom tiling has cobble and/or rubble, and described geotechnological filter cloth is placed on cobble and/or the rubble of tiling Face, described U.S. plant bag is placed in above geotechnological filter cloth and geotechnological filter cloth is close in beautiful bag bottom of planting.
Described container set is beautiful to plant bag seed cultivation device, also includes filter screen, and described filter screen is placed on container bottom and leads to At the opening in water hole;Described container is built up by concrete, and its section is inverted parabola shaped, inverted hemispherical or inversion Funnel type, described beautiful bag of planting is cylinder type;The particle diameter of described cobble and/or rubble is 0.5 ~ 5cm;Described container bottom The thickness of the cobble of portion's tiling and/or rubble is 3 ~ 40cm.
A kind of include said vesse set beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control irrigation system, this system includes soil Earth humidity sensor, enters draining nonsynchronous controller, feed cistern, filter a, ball valve, water supply electronic valve, intake pipe, T joint Head A, filter b, backwater electronic valve, collecting tank, water pump, return pipe, bottom has a container of limbers, filter screen, geotechnological filter cloth, U.S. plant bag;Described feed cistern outlet is connected with filter a, and filter a is connected with ball valve by intake pipe, and ball valve passes through Intake pipe is connected with water supply electronic valve, and water supply electronic valve is connected with tee pipe coupling A by intake pipe, and tee pipe coupling A draws Go out two intake pipe arms and be respectively intake pipe arm B, intake pipe arm C, described intake pipe arm B passes through intake pipe and appearance The limbers of device bottom is connected;Described intake pipe arm C is connected with filter b by intake pipe, and filter b passes through water intaking Pipe is connected with backwater electronic valve, and backwater electronic valve is connected with the water inlet of collecting tank by intake pipe;It is provided with water in collecting tank Pump, water pump is connected with the water inlet of feed cistern by return pipe;It is provided with concreting plate cover plate above described collecting tank; Described soil humidity sensor is electrically connected with the signal input part entering draining nonsynchronous controller, enters the defeated of draining nonsynchronous controller Go out end to be connected with water supply electronic valve and the control of backwater electronic valve.
Described containing the beautiful irrigation system that automatically controls planting bag seed cultivation device of container set, described feed cistern outlet At the bottom edge of feed cistern lower end;The water inlet of described feed cistern and collecting tank is arranged at the upper end of respective cells; Described backwater electronic valve is arranged in valve well, is provided with valve manhole cover plate at described valve well upper opening.
Described containing the beautiful irrigation system that automatically controls planting bag seed cultivation device of container set, described beautiful plant bag built with Cultivation matrix, described soil humidity sensor is placed in the cultivation matrix of U.S. plant bag.
The described irrigation system that automatically controls containing container set U.S. plant bag seed cultivation device, each described container set is beautiful The limbers planting the container bottom of bag is all connected in the same horizontal line and all with intake pipe arm B.
A kind of cultivate seedling using above-mentioned containing the beautiful irrigation system that automatically controls planting bag seed cultivation device of container set Method, the method comprises the following steps:
(1)Select Seedling:Consistent nursery stock is planted for selection no disease and pests harm, robust growth, same kind, specification of the same race, upgrowth situation Training;
(2)Seedling treatment:
A. the root system of nursery stock is pruned so that root system size, root amount are consistent, root cap is the 1/10 ~ 9/10 of container bore;
B. by step(2)Seedling root clay slurry after a pruning, carries out disinfection, sterilizes to nursery stock root;
Step(2)It is with volume ratio for 1 by garden mould with Cosan that seedling root described in b glues the mud taking:1 ~ 5 ratio mixing and Become;
(3)Basin on nursery stock:
A. according to step(2)The quantity of described nursery stock size and nursery stock prepares the beautiful bag seed cultivation of planting of cell therefor set and fills Put;
B. in step(3)Load cultivation matrix in U.S. plant bag described in a to the 2/9 ~ 9/10 of U.S. plant bag depth, put into step (2)Nursery stock after processing described in b, then proceedes to add cultivation matrix to the beautiful oral area planting bag, compacting;
(4)Nursery stock is watered:
After on nursery stock, basin completes, in step(3)The beautiful cultivation matrix interior loading soil humidity sensor planting bag of described container set, Soil humidity sensor is electrically connected with the signal input part entering draining nonsynchronous controller, enter the outfan of draining nonsynchronous controller with Water supply electronic valve and backwater electronic valve control connection, and whole automatic irrigation system links together;Soil humidity sensor according to Signal transmission is fed draining nonsynchronous controller by the gap between the actual humidity of soil and the soil moisture of setting, enters draining different Step controller then controls being turned on and off of water supply electronic valve and backwater electronic valve simultaneously, the beautiful cultivation base planted in bag to container set Matter is irrigated;
(5)Nursery stock maintenance:
Plant starting and during planting nursery stock applied fertilizer so as to normal growth.
A kind of cultivated kind using the above-mentioned beautiful irrigation system that automatically controls planting bag seed cultivation device of container set that includes The method of Seedling, the method comprises the following steps:
(1)Seed selection:Choose full grains, ripe seed carries out plantation and cultivates;
(2)Seed treatment:Using conventional method, the seed chosen is carried out soaking, accelerating germination is processed, soak and accelerating germination complete laggard Basin on row;
(3)Basin on seed:Carry out upper basin operation when temperature is 0 ~ 35 DEG C,
A. according to step(1)Described seed amount prepares cell therefor set U.S. plant bag seed cultivation device;
B. and then in step(3)Cultivation matrix is loaded to the 6/8 ~ 9/10 of U.S. plant bag depth in container set U.S. plant bag described in a, It is then placed in step(2)Seed after described process, then proceedes to add cultivation matrix to the beautiful oral area planting bag;
(4)Seed waters;
After on seed, basin completes, in step(3)The described beautiful cultivation matrix interior loading soil humidity sensor planting bag, soil is wet Degree sensor is electrically connected with the signal input part entering draining nonsynchronous controller, enters draining nonsynchronous controller outfan and supplies aqueous electron Valve and backwater electronic valve control connection, entirely automatically control irrigation system and link together;Soil humidity sensor is according to soil Actual humidity and the soil moisture of setting between gap by signal transmission be fed draining nonsynchronous controller, enter the asynchronous control of draining Device processed then controls being turned on and off of water supply electronic valve and backwater electronic valve simultaneously, beautiful to container set plant the cultivation matrix in bag and enters Row is irrigated;
(5)Seed maintenance:
After seed sowing, pouring, plastic covering thin film above container;Height of seedling is to carry out first time thinning during 3 ~ 4cm;Height of seedling is Carry out thinning during 8 ~ 15cm again, then carry out final singling and transplant seedlings so as to spacing in the rows is between 8 ~ 15cm;Seedling grows 3 ~ 4 very Ye Hou, is applied fertilizer to it so as to normal growth when watering, grows to and transplanted during 40 ~ 70cm.
Described using containing container set beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control the method that irrigation system cultivates seedling, Step(3)Cultivation matrix described in b is all that turf, wood flour and river sand mixed preparing form, wherein turf, the body of wood flour bath river sand Long-pending ratio is 1 ~ 3:1~3:1 ~ 3, EC value≤1;Step(4)The soil moisture of described setting is 50% ~ 80%.
Described using containing container set beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control the method that irrigation system cultivates seedling, Step(5)The fertilizer of described fertilising includes spring formula fertilizer, summer formula fertilizer and autumn formula fertilizer;Described spring formula fertilizer It is formulated by following component:Calcium nitrate 0.23g/l, potassium nitrate 0.40 g/l, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.06 g/l, magnesium sulfate 0.12 G/l, chelated iron 0.02 g/l, boric acid 0.001 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0;Described summer formula fertilizer is by following component preparation Become:Calcium nitrate 0.72 g/l, phosphorus potassium 0.57 g/l, ammonium phosphate 0.14 g/l, magnesium sulfate 0.28 g/l, chelated iron 0.02 g/l, PH value 5.0-7.0;Described autumn formula fertilizer is formulated by following component:Calcium sulfate 1.18 g/l, potassium nitrate 0.26 g/l, Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.15 g/l, magnesium sulfate 0.12 g/l, chelated iron 0.01 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is that container set is beautiful plants bag seed cultivation device
The meaning that in figure symbol represents is:1 is the limbers of container bottom, and 2 is filter screen, and 3 is rubble and/or cobble, and 4 is geotechnique Filter cloth, 5 is container, and 6 is U.S. plant bag, and 7 is cultivation matrix;
Fig. 2 be containing container set beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control irrigation system;
The meaning that in figure symbol represents is:1 is the limbers of container bottom, and 2 is filter screen, and 3 is rubble and/or cobble, and 4 is geotechnique Filter cloth, 5 is container, and 6 is U.S. plant bag, and 7 is cultivation matrix, and 8 is soil humidity sensor, and 9 is into draining nonsynchronous controller, and 10 are Feed cistern, 11 is filter a, and 12 is ball valve, and 13 is water supply electronic valve, and 14 is intake pipe, and 15 is filter b, and 16 is backwater electricity Sub- valve, 17 is collecting tank, and 18 is water pump, and 19 is return pipe, and 20 is concrete cover, and 21 is valve well, and 22 is valve manhole cover plate.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following positive beneficial effect
(1)Beautiful bag of planting is combined by the present invention with container, and bag easily falls, open field soil causes seedling root system to be easily subject to overcome U.S. plant Freeze, beautiful bag of planting is exposed to the shortcomings of under air and sunlight, water supply in media is easy to lose;
(2)In the present invention, the presence of container has effectively blocked the contact that seedling is with soil, it is to avoid the generation of soil-borne disease insect pest;
(3)Ornamental plant etc. go out garden postpone or unsalable when(Deposit the garden time more than more than 2 years), beautiful plant in bag substrate and space not When can meet seedling growth demand, seedling root punctures beautiful bag of planting and enters in container, and container mesostroma carries for nursery stock continued propagation Effective space and material guarantee are supplied;
(4)The beautiful irrigation system water content of substrate that automatically controls planting bag seedling irrigation device of container set of the present invention controls system System automatically controls and adjusts water content of substrate, and the unnecessary moisture of reusable edible or fertilizer improve the utilization of moisture and fertilizer Rate, so that the utilization rate of moisture and fertilizer reaches 100%, realizes zero-emission;Each part is carried out even by this system using pipeline Connect, achieve automatic irrigation in planting area, water-fertilizer integral comprehensively.
(5)Cultivate nursery stock with the method, improve the survival rate of nursery stock, and the speed of growth is consistent, is conducive to the standard of nursery stock Metaplasia is produced, and achievable industrial seedling rearing cultivates the complete excellent project Seedling of each specification;
(6)Cultivate nursery stock with the method, save the multinomial costs such as human and material resources, be easy to the nursery stock of each growth stage is supported Pillar is managed.
(7)This breeding method can also be used for cultivating the crops such as frumentum, beans, potato class, fiber, oil plant, flavoring agent, beverage, profit In the standardized production of crop, improve yield.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is described in more details, but is not limited to the present invention's Protection domain.
Embodiment 1
A kind of container set is beautiful to plant bag seed cultivation device, as shown in figure 1, including the beautiful of column type to plant bag 6, also including section is to fall The parabola shaped container 5 put(Container 5 is to be built up by concrete), filter screen 2, cobble and/or rubble 3, geotechnological filter cloth 4;Described Container bottom have limbers 1, be covered with filter screen 2 at the opening of limbers, described filter screen 2 tiling above has the particle diameter to be The rubble of 1.5cm and/cobble 3, the thickness of the rubble of tiling and/or cobble 3 is 10cm, and rubble and/or cobble 3 are covered with soil above Work filter cloth 4, described U.S. plant bag 6 is placed on geotechnological filter cloth 4 above and geotechnological filter cloth 4 is close in the beautiful bottom planting bag 6, U.S. plant bag 6 Built with cultivation matrix 7, the space that U.S. plant bag 6 is formed with container 5 side wall is built with husky or substrate.Obtain complete container set beautiful Plant bag seed cultivation device.
Embodiment 2
A kind of containing container set described in embodiment 1 beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control irrigation system, as shown in Fig. 2 Including soil humidity sensor 8, enter draining nonsynchronous controller 9, feed cistern 10, filter a 11, ball valve 12, water supply electronic valve 13, PE intake pipes 14, filter b 15, backwater electronic valve 16, collecting tank 17, water pump 18, PE return pipe 19, bottom has water flowing 1 container 5, U.S. plant bag 6, filter screen 2, cobble and/or rubble 3, geotechnological filter cloth 4;Wherein it is located at the bottom edge of feed cistern lower end Outlet be connected with filter a, filter a is connected with ball valve 12 by PE intake pipe 14, and ball valve 12 is fetched water by PE Pipe is connected with water supply electronic valve 13, and water supply electronic valve 13 is connected with tee pipe coupling A by PE intake pipe 14, tee pipe coupling A draws two intake pipe arms and is respectively PE intake pipe arm B, PE intake pipe arm C, and described PE intake pipe arm B passes through PE intake pipe 14 is connected with the limbers 1 of container 5 bottom(The bottom limbers of multiple containers all in the same horizontal line, and All connected with PE intake pipe arm B by the opening of setting on PE intake pipe arm B);Described PE intake pipe arm C passes through PE intake pipe 14 is connected with filter b, and filter b is connected with backwater electronic valve 16 by PE intake pipe 14, backwater electronic valve 16 It is connected with the water inlet positioned at collecting tank 17 upper end by PE intake pipe 14;It is provided with water pump 18, water in described collecting tank 17 Pump 18 is connected with the water inlet of feed cistern 10 upper end by PE return pipe 19, forms the closed circuit of water conservancy;Described collection It is provided with concreting plate cover plate 20 above liquid pool 17.
Wherein, described backwater electronic valve 16 is arranged in valve well 21, is provided with valve at the upper opening of valve well 21 Manhole cover plate 22.
Described soil humidity sensor 8 is arranged in the beautiful cultivation matrix 7 planted in bag 6;Described soil moisture sensing Device 8 is electrically connected with the signal input part entering draining nonsynchronous controller 9, enters the outfan of draining nonsynchronous controller 9 and supplies aqueous electron Valve 13 and backwater electronic valve 16 control connection.
Embodiment 3
Cultivate one of method of seedling using the irrigation system that automatically controls described in embodiment 2, the method comprises the following steps:
(1)Select nursery stock:The huge cercis choosing 50 plants of rice footpath 18cm was planted in April;
(2)Seedling treatment:
A. the root system of huge cercis is pruned so that root system size, root amount are consistent, root cap size is the 1/3 of container bore;
B. by step(2)All huge cercis root after a prunes picks mud, and its root is carried out disinfection, sterilizes, described mud It is with volume ratio for 1 by garden mould and Cosan:1 is mixed;
(3)Basin on nursery stock:
A. according to step(1)The quantity of described huge cercis and step(2)The size of huge cercis root system described in a from 50 bores is 2m, beautiful bag and the bore of planting highly for 1m are 2.5m, are highly 1.5m container;
B. in step(3)Container set U.S. that a chooses plants and loads cultivation matrix in bag, and cultivation matrix is filled to the 1/3 of U.S. plant bag depth Place, is then placed in step(2)Huge cercis after processing described in b, makes the rhizome junction of huge cercis and the beautiful top planting bag open Open height is concordant, is subsequently added into cultivation matrix and plants bag and be compacted to filling U.S.;
Described cultivation matrix is by turf, wood flour and river sand with volume ratio for 1:2:1 ratio mixes, EC value≤1;
(4)Nursery stock is watered:
After on huge cercis, basin completes, in step(3)Described cultivation matrix is built into soil humidity sensor, and by cultivation base The humidity set of matter soil is 60% ~ 70%;Soil humidity sensor and the signal input part electricity phase entering draining nonsynchronous controller Even, the outfan entering draining nonsynchronous controller is connected with water supply electronic valve and the control of backwater electronic valve;It is then turned on automatically controlling Irrigation system, when the actual humidity of the soil that soil humidity sensor detects is less than the soil moisture setting, by signal transmission Feed draining nonsynchronous controller, the outfan entering draining nonsynchronous controller is connected with water supply electronic valve and the control of backwater electronic valve, Open water supply electronic valve, moisture is by feed cistern, the limbers that flows through container bottom through intake pipe is irrigated to huge cercis;When When cultivation matrix humidity reaches the soil moisture upper limit of setting, signal transmission is fed draining asynchronous controlling by soil humidity sensor Device, enters draining nonsynchronous controller and cuts out water supply electronic valve, opens backwater electronic valve, the unnecessary moisture of Medium Culture flows back to collecting tank In.So circulate, system is automatically performed the pouring to huge cercis;
(5)Nursery stock maintenance:
In huge cercis growth period, applied fertilizer using seasonal formula fertilizer.Huge cercis grows to and adopts spring formula during spring Fertilizer is applied fertilizer, and grows to and is applied fertilizer using summer formula fertilizer during summer, grows to and is applied fertilizer using autumn fertilizer during autumn, Do not apply fertilizer when growing in the winter time;550g formula fertilizer all applied by spring, summer, each container of season in autumn three, respectively according to 1l water dissolution 0.831g Fertile, 1l water dissolution 1.73g is fertile, 1l water dissolution 2.72g fertilizer is applied fertilizer.Formula fertilizer is dissolved in feed cistern, supplies with moisture To huge cercis;
Wherein, described spring formula fertilizer is:Calcium nitrate 0.23g/l, potassium nitrate 0.40 g/l, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.06 g/l, Magnesium sulfate 0.12 g/l, chelated iron 0.02 g/l, boric acid 0.001 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0;Described summer formula fertilizer is:Nitre Sour calcium 0.72 g/l, phosphorus potassium 0.57 g/l, ammonium phosphate 0.14 g/l, magnesium sulfate 0.28 g/l, chelated iron 0.02 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0;Described autumn formula fertilizer is:Calcium sulfate 1.18 g/l, potassium nitrate 0.26 g/l, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.15 g/l, Magnesium sulfate 0.12 g/l, chelated iron 0.01 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0;
(6)Result:
50 plants of huge cercis using containing container set beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control after irrigation system cultivates 12 months, Survived 48, survival rate be 96%, normal growth have 48.
Embodiment 4
Using described in embodiment 2 automatically controlling irrigation system cultivate seedling method two, the method comprises the following steps:
(1)Select nursery stock:The Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et Cheng choosing 200 plants of rice footpath 10cm was planted in June;
(2)Seedling treatment:
A. the root system of Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et Cheng is pruned so that root system size, root amount are consistent, root cap size is the 1/4 of container bore;
B. by step(2)All Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et Cheng roots after a prunes pick mud, its root are carried out disinfection, sterilize, described mud is By garden mould and Cosan with volume ratio for 2:3 are mixed;
(3)Basin on nursery stock:
A. according to step(1)The quantity of described Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et Cheng and step(2)The size of Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et Cheng root system described in a from 200 bores is 1.2m, beautiful bag and the bore of planting highly for 0.6m are 1.5m, are highly the container of 0.8m;
B. in step(3)Container set U.S. that a chooses plants and loads cultivation matrix in bag, and cultivation matrix is filled to the 3/8 of U.S. plant bag depth Place, is then placed in step(2)Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et Cheng after processing described in b, makes Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et Cheng rhizome junction and the beautiful upper opening height planting bag Concordantly, it is subsequently added into cultivation matrix and plant bag and be compacted to filling U.S.;
Described cultivation matrix is by turf, wood flour and river sand with volume ratio for 1:2:1 ratio mixes, EC value≤1;
(4)Nursery stock is watered:
After on Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et Cheng, basin completes, in step(3)The described beautiful cultivation matrix planting bag is built into soil humidity sensor, and will The soil moisture of cultivation matrix is set as 70% ~ 80%;Soil humidity sensor and the signal input entering draining nonsynchronous controller End electrical connection, the outfan entering draining nonsynchronous controller is connected with water supply electronic valve and the control of backwater electronic valve;Open and automatically control Irrigation system processed, when soil humidity sensor detects the actual humidity of soil less than the soil moisture setting, by signal transmission Feed draining nonsynchronous controller, the outfan entering draining nonsynchronous controller is connected with water supply electronic valve and the control of backwater electronic valve, Enter draining nonsynchronous controller and open water supply electronic valve, moisture is by feed cistern, the limbers pair that flows through container bottom through intake pipe Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et Cheng is irrigated;When cultivation matrix humidity reaches the soil moisture upper limit of setting, soil humidity sensor is by signal transmission Feed draining nonsynchronous controller, enters draining nonsynchronous controller and closes water supply electronic valve, opens backwater electronic valve, Medium Culture is unnecessary Moisture flows back in collecting tank.So circulate, system is automatically performed the pouring to Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et Cheng;
(5)Nursery stock maintenance:
In Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et Cheng growth period, applied fertilizer using seasonal formula fertilizer.Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et Cheng is grown in entering using summer formula fertilizer during summer Row fertilising, growth in the fall when do not apply fertilizer, be grown in adopting during spring when carrying out applying fertilizer, grow in the winter time using autumn formula fertilizer Spring formula fertilizer is applied fertilizer;350g formula fertilizer all applied by spring, summer, each container of season in autumn three, respectively according to 1l water dissolution 0.831g Fertile, 1l water dissolution 1.73g is fertile, 1l water dissolution 2.72g fertilizer is applied fertilizer.Formula fertilizer is dissolved in feed cistern, supplies with moisture Feedwater China fir;;
Wherein, described spring formula fertilizer is:Calcium nitrate 0.23g/l, potassium nitrate 0.40 g/l, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.06 g/l, Magnesium sulfate 0.12 g/l, chelated iron 0.02 g/l, boric acid 0.001 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0;Described summer formula fertilizer is:Nitre Sour calcium 0.72 g/l, phosphorus potassium 0.57 g/l, ammonium phosphate 0.14 g/l, magnesium sulfate 0.28 g/l, chelated iron 0.02 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0.Described autumn formula fertilizer is:Calcium sulfate 1.18 g/l, potassium nitrate 0.26 g/l, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.15 g/l, Magnesium sulfate 0.12 g/l, chelated iron 0.01 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0;
(6)Result:
200 plants of Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et Chengs using containing container set beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control after irrigation system cultivates 18 months, Survived 191, survival rate be 95.5%, normal growth have 189.
Embodiment 5
Using described in embodiment 2 automatically controlling irrigation system cultivate seedling method three, the method comprises the following steps:
(1)Select nursery stock:The pumila choosing 158 plants of rice footpath 6cm is planted in September part;
(2)Seedling treatment:
A. the root system of pumila is pruned so that root system size, root amount are consistent, root cap size is the 2/7 of container bore;
B. by step(2)All pumila roots after a prunes pick mud, and its root is carried out disinfection, sterilizes, described mud It is with volume ratio for 1 by garden mould and Cosan:1 is mixed;
(3)Basin on nursery stock:
A. according to step(1)The quantity of described pumila and step(2)The size of pumila root system described in a selects 158 bores It is 0.9m for 0.7m, the beautiful bag and bore of planting highly for 0.4m, the highly container for 0.6m;
B. in step(3)Container set U.S. that a chooses plants and loads cultivation matrix in bag, and cultivation matrix is filled to the 3/5 of U.S. plant bag depth Place, is then placed in step(2)Pumila after processing described in b, makes pumila rhizome junction and the beautiful upper opening planting bag Highly concordant, it is subsequently added into cultivation matrix and plant bag and be compacted to filling U.S.;
Described cultivation matrix is by turf, wood flour and river sand with volume ratio for 1:2:1 ratio mixes;
(4)Nursery stock is watered:
After in pumila, basin completes, in step(3)The described beautiful cultivation matrix planting bag is built into soil humidity sensor, and The humidity set of cultivation matrix soil is 60% ~ 70%;Soil humidity sensor is defeated with the signal entering draining nonsynchronous controller Enter end electrical connection, the outfan entering draining nonsynchronous controller is connected with water supply electronic valve and the control of backwater electronic valve;It is then turned on Automatic irrigation system, when the actual humidity of the soil that soil humidity sensor detects is less than the soil moisture setting, by signal Transmission feed draining nonsynchronous controller, enters the outfan of draining nonsynchronous controller and water supply electronic valve and backwater electronic valve control even Connect, enter draining nonsynchronous controller and open water supply electronic valve, moisture is by feed cistern, the limbers that flows through container bottom through intake pipe Pumila is irrigated;When soil humidity reaches the soil moisture upper limit of setting, soil humidity sensor is by signal transmission Enter draining nonsynchronous controller, enter draining nonsynchronous controller and close water supply electronic valve, open backwater electronic valve, the unnecessary water of Medium Culture Divide and flow back in collecting tank.So circulate, system is automatically performed the pouring to pumila;
(5)Nursery stock maintenance:
In pumila growth period, applied fertilizer using seasonal formula fertilizer.Autumn formula is adopted when pumila grows in the fall Fertilizer does not apply fertilizer when carrying out applying fertilizer, growing in the winter time;Autumn, 200g formula fertilizer all applied by each container, fertile according to 1l water dissolution 2.72g Applied fertilizer.Formula fertilizer is dissolved in feed cistern, supplies pumila with moisture;
Wherein, described autumn formula fertilizer is:Calcium sulfate 1.18 g/l, potassium nitrate 0.26 g/l, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.15 g/l, Magnesium sulfate 0.12 g/l, chelated iron 0.01 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0;
(6)Result:
158 plants of pumila using containing container set beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control after irrigation system cultivates 6 months, Survived 157, survival rate be 99%, normal growth have 157.
Embodiment 6
Using described in embodiment 2 automatically controlling irrigation system cultivate seedling method four, the method comprises the following steps:
(1)Select nursery stock:The Semen Ginkgo choosing 80 plants of rice footpath 2cm was planted in December;
(2)Seedling treatment:
A. the root of Semen Ginkgo is pruned so that root system size, root amount are consistent, root cap size is the 1/3 of container bore;
B. by step(2)All Semen Ginkgo roots after a prunes pick mud, its root are carried out disinfection, sterilize, described mud is By garden mould and Cosan with volume ratio for 1:1 is mixed;
(3)Basin on nursery stock:
A. according to step(1)The quantity of described Semen Ginkgo and step(2)The size of Semen Ginkgo root system described in a from 80 bores is 0.4m, the beautiful bag and bore of planting highly for 0.25m are 0.5m, the highly container for 0.4m;
B. in step(3)Container set U.S. that a chooses plants and loads cultivation matrix in bag, and cultivation matrix is filled to the 1/3 of U.S. plant bag depth Place, is then placed in step(2)Semen Ginkgo after processing described in b, makes Semen Ginkgo rhizome junction and the beautiful upper opening height planting bag Concordantly, it is subsequently added into cultivation matrix and plant bag and be compacted to filling U.S.;
Described cultivation matrix is by turf, wood flour and river sand with volume ratio for 1:2:1 ratio mixes, EC value≤1;
(4)Nursery stock is watered:
After on Semen Ginkgo, basin completes, in step(3)The described beautiful cultivation matrix planting bag is built into soil humidity sensor, and will plant The humidity set of training matrix soil is 50% ~ 70%;Soil humidity sensor and the signal input part entering draining nonsynchronous controller Electrical connection, the outfan entering draining nonsynchronous controller is connected with water supply electronic valve and the control of backwater electronic valve;Unlatching automatically controls Irrigation system, when soil humidity sensor detects the actual humidity of soil less than the soil moisture setting, signal transmission is given Enter draining nonsynchronous controller, the outfan entering draining nonsynchronous controller is connected with water supply electronic valve and the control of backwater electronic valve, enters Draining nonsynchronous controller opens water supply electronic valve, and moisture flows through the limbers of container bottom to silver by feed cistern, through intake pipe Fructus Pruni is irrigated;When soil humidity reaches the soil moisture upper limit of setting, signal transmission is entered draining by soil humidity sensor Nonsynchronous controller, enters draining nonsynchronous controller and closes water supply electronic valve, opens backwater electronic valve, the unnecessary moisture of Medium Culture flows back to In collecting tank.So circulate, system is automatically performed the pouring of Semen Ginkgo;
(5)Nursery stock maintenance:
During Ginkgo Growing, applied fertilizer using seasonal formula fertilizer.Ginkgo Growing in the winter time when do not apply fertilizer, be grown in spring Shi Caiyong spring formula fertilizer carries out applying fertilizer, be grown in adopting when being carried out applying fertilizer, grown in the fall using summer formula fertilizer during summer Autumn formula fertilizer is applied fertilizer;58g formula fertilizer all applied by spring, summer, each container of season in autumn three, respectively according to 1l water dissolution 0.831g Fertile, 1l water dissolution 1.73g is fertile, 1l water dissolution 2.72g fertilizer is applied fertilizer.Formula fertilizer is dissolved in feed cistern, supplies with moisture To Semen Ginkgo;
Wherein, described spring formula fertilizer is:Calcium nitrate 0.23g/l, potassium nitrate 0.40 g/l, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.06 g/l, Magnesium sulfate 0.12 g/l, chelated iron 0.02 g/l, boric acid 0.001 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0;Described summer formula fertilizer is:Nitre Sour calcium 0.72 g/l, phosphorus potassium 0.57 g/l, ammonium phosphate 0.14 g/l, magnesium sulfate 0.28 g/l, chelated iron 0.02 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0;Described autumn formula fertilizer is:Calcium sulfate 1.18 g/l, potassium nitrate 0.26 g/l, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.15 g/l, Magnesium sulfate 0.12 g/l, chelated iron 0.01 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0;
(6)Result:
80 plants of Semen Ginkgoes plant the automatically controlling after irrigation system cultivates 24 months of bag seed cultivation device using containing container set is beautiful, become Lived 76, survival rate be 95%, normal growth have 75.
Embodiment 7
Using described in embodiment 2 automatically controlling irrigation system cultivate seedling method five, the method comprises the following steps:
(1)Select nursery stock:The Chinese scholar tree choosing 300 plants of lifes in 1 year is planted for more than 0 °C in open country temperature;
(2)Seedling treatment:
A. the root of Chinese scholar tree is pruned so that root system size, root amount are consistent, root cap size is the 1/5 of container bore;
B. by step(2)Host country Radix sophorae portion after a prunes picks mud, its root is carried out disinfection, sterilizes, described mud is By garden mould and Cosan with volume ratio for 1:1 is mixed;
(3)Basin on nursery stock:
A. according to step(1)Described Chinese scholar tree quantity and step(2)It is 0.8m that the size of Chinese scholar tree root system described in a selects 150 bores, The beautiful bag and bore of planting highly for 0.5m is 1.1m, the highly container for 0.8m;
B. in step(3)Container set U.S. that a chooses plants and loads cultivation matrix in bag, and cultivation matrix is filled to the 1/3 of U.S. plant bag depth Place, is then placed in step(2)Chinese scholar tree after processing described in b, makes Chinese scholar tree rhizome junction and the beautiful upper opening height planting bag Concordantly, it is subsequently added into cultivation matrix and plant bag and be compacted to filling U.S.;
Described cultivation matrix is by turf, wood flour and river sand with volume ratio for 1:2:1 ratio mixes, EC value≤1;
(4)Nursery stock is watered:
After on Chinese scholar tree, basin completes, in step(3)The described beautiful cultivation matrix planting bag is built into soil humidity sensor, and will plant The humidity set of training matrix soil is 50% ~ 80%;Soil humidity sensor and the signal input part entering draining nonsynchronous controller Electrical connection, the outfan entering draining nonsynchronous controller is connected with water supply electronic valve and the control of backwater electronic valve;Open automatic-watering System, when the actual humidity of the soil that soil humidity sensor detects is less than the soil moisture setting, signal transmission is fed Draining nonsynchronous controller, the outfan entering draining nonsynchronous controller is connected with water supply electronic valve and the control of backwater electronic valve, enters row Water nonsynchronous controller opens water supply electronic valve, and moisture flows through the limbers of container bottom to Chinese scholar tree by feed cistern, through intake pipe Irrigated;When soil humidity reaches the soil moisture upper limit of setting, it is different that signal transmission is entered draining by soil humidity sensor Step controller, enters draining nonsynchronous controller and cuts out water supply electronic valve, opens backwater electronic valve, the unnecessary moisture of Medium Culture flows back to collection In liquid pool.So circulate, system is automatically performed the pouring to Chinese scholar tree;
(5)Nursery stock maintenance:
In Chinese scholar tree growth period, applied fertilizer using seasonal formula fertilizer.Chinese scholar tree is grown in during spring adopting spring formula fertilizer, life Long when summer using summer formula fertilizer, growth in the fall when using autumn formula fertilizer, growth in the winter time when do not apply fertilizer.Spring, the summer, Autumn, 50g formula fertilizer all applied by each container, respectively according to 1l water dissolution 0.831g fertilizer, 1l water dissolution 1.73g fertilizer, 1l water dissolution 2.72g fertilizer is applied fertilizer.Formula fertilizer is dissolved in feed cistern, supplies Chinese scholar tree with moisture;
Wherein, described spring formula fertilizer is:Calcium nitrate 0.23g/l, potassium nitrate 0.40 g/l, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.06 g/l, Magnesium sulfate 0.12 g/l, chelated iron 0.02 g/l, boric acid 0.001 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0;Described summer formula fertilizer is:Nitre Sour calcium 0.72 g/l, phosphorus potassium 0.57 g/l, ammonium phosphate 0.14 g/l, magnesium sulfate 0.28 g/l, chelated iron 0.02 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0;Described autumn formula fertilizer is:Calcium sulfate 1.18 g/l, potassium nitrate 0.26 g/l, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.15 g/l, Magnesium sulfate 0.12 g/l, chelated iron 0.01 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0;
(6)Result:
300 plants of Chinese scholar trees using containing container set beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control after irrigation system cultivates 30 months, Survived 290, survival rate be 96.6%, normal growth have 287.
Embodiment 8
Using described in embodiment 2 automatically controlling irrigation system cultivate seedling method six, the method comprises the following steps:
(1)Seed selection:2000 full grains, the seed of ripe Aesculus chinensis Bunge are taken to be cultivated in October;
(2)Seed treatment:The seed chosen is carried out soaking, accelerating germination is processed
First 2000 seeds are put in beaker, be subsequently adding the hot-water soak seed that temperature is 60 ± 5 DEG C, soak 24 hours Afterwards, the seed of imbibition is pulled out to be placed in above straw screen or mat and paves, and with wet straw screen or mat cover, with moisture-heat preservation, be placed on leeward to Yang Chu carries out accelerating germination(Seed for non-imbibition is soaked with above method again);
During accelerating germination, daily seed is stirred 3 times and often sprays water, after accelerating germination 6 days, seed has 1/3 to split mouth " showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally ", you can Sowed;
(3)Seed is sowed:
A. according to step(1)It is 0.5m that described aesculus seed quantity selects 14 bores, be highly 0.3m beautiful plant bag and Bore is 0.6m, the highly container for 0.5m;
B. in step(2)Container set U.S. that a chooses plants and loads cultivation matrix in bag, and cultivation matrix is filled to the 8/9 of U.S. plant bag depth Place, is then placed in step(1)Described aesculus seed, hilum weight down, gently covers the cultivation of one layer of 2-5cm in the surface of the seed Substrate, then in container overlying plastic sheeting;
Described cultivation matrix is by turf, wood flour and river sand with volume ratio for 1:2:1 ratio mixes, EC value≤1;
(4)Seed waters:
After aesculus seed sowing completes, in step(3)The described beautiful cultivation matrix planting bag is built into soil moisture sensing Device, and the humidity set of cultivation matrix soil is 50% ~ 70%;Soil humidity sensor and the letter entering draining nonsynchronous controller The electrical connection of number input, the outfan entering draining nonsynchronous controller is connected with water supply electronic valve and the control of backwater electronic valve;Open Automatic irrigation system, when the actual humidity of the soil that soil humidity sensor detects is less than the soil moisture setting, by signal Transmission feed draining nonsynchronous controller, enters the outfan of draining nonsynchronous controller and water supply electronic valve and backwater electronic valve control even Connect, enter draining nonsynchronous controller and open water supply electronic valve, moisture is by feed cistern, the limbers that flows through container bottom through intake pipe Nursery stock is irrigated;When soil humidity reaches the soil moisture upper limit of setting, signal transmission is entered by soil humidity sensor Draining nonsynchronous controller, enters draining nonsynchronous controller and closes water supply electronic valve, opens backwater electronic valve, the unnecessary moisture of Medium Culture Flow back in collecting tank.So circulate, system is automatically performed the pouring to aesculus seed;
(5)Seed germination and seedling maintenance:
In aesculus seed duration of germination, applied fertilizer using seasonal formula fertilizer.Seed germination and growth time in the fall when Using autumn formula fertilizer, in the winter time when do not apply fertilizer;Autumn, 3-5g formula fertilizer all applied by each container, respectively according to 1l water dissolution 2.72g fertilizer is applied fertilizer.Formula fertilizer is dissolved in feed cistern, supplies the seed of Aesculus chinensis Bunge with moisture;Wherein, the described autumn Season, formula fertilizer was:Calcium sulfate 1.18 g/l, potassium nitrate 0.26 g/l, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.15 g/l, magnesium sulfate 0.12 g/l, chela Close ferrum 0.01 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0;
After seed germination, growth height of seedling, for carrying out first time thinning during 3cm, grows to height of seedling for carrying out during 8cm between second Seedling, and carry out final singling with reference to thinning and transplant seedlings so as to spacing in the rows is 8 ~ 10cm;After spire grows 3 ~ 4 true leaves, carrying out waters applies Fertile;
(6)Result:
2000 aesculus seeds cultivate 6 using containing the beautiful irrigation system that automatically controls planting bag seed cultivation device of container set After month, the shoot survival percent that goes out of seed is 78%, and height of seedling is 28 ~ 40cm.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of container set is beautiful plants bag seed cultivation device, has limbers including beautiful bag of planting it is characterised in that also including bottom Container, geotechnological filter cloth;Described container bottom tiling has cobble and/or rubble, described geotechnological filter cloth be laid in cobble with/ Or above rubble, described U.S. plant bag is placed in above geotechnological filter cloth and geotechnological filter cloth is close in beautiful bag bottom of planting.
2. the beautiful bag seed cultivation device of planting of container set according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that also including filter screen, described Filter screen be placed at the opening of container bottom limbers;Described container is built up by concrete, and its section is inverted parabolic Linear, inverted hemispherical or inverted funnel type, described beautiful bag of planting is cylinder type;Described cobble and/or rubble Particle diameter is 0.5 ~ 5cm;The described cobble of container bottom tiling and the thickness of/rubble are 3 ~ 40cm.
3. a kind of include container set described in claim 1 or 2 beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control irrigation system, its It is characterised by, this system includes soil humidity sensor, enter draining nonsynchronous controller, feed cistern, filter a, ball valve, for water power Sub- valve, intake pipe, tee pipe coupling A, filter b, backwater electronic valve, collecting tank, water pump, return pipe, bottom has limbers Container, filter screen, geotechnological filter cloth, beautiful plant bag;Described feed cistern outlet is connected with filter a, and filter a passes through water intaking Pipe is connected with ball valve, and described ball valve is connected with water supply electronic valve by intake pipe, and water supply electronic valve passes through intake pipe and three Connection for bbreather pipe A is connected, and tee pipe coupling A draws two intake pipe arms and is respectively intake pipe arm B, intake pipe arm C, institute The intake pipe arm B stating is connected with the limbers of container bottom by intake pipe;Described intake pipe arm C passes through intake pipe It is connected with filter b, filter b is connected with backwater electronic valve by intake pipe, backwater electronic valve passes through intake pipe and collecting tank Water inlet be connected;It is provided with water pump, water pump is connected with the water inlet of feed cistern by return pipe in collecting tank;Described collection It is provided with concreting plate cover plate above liquid pool;Described soil humidity sensor and the signal input entering draining nonsynchronous controller End electrical connection, the outfan entering draining nonsynchronous controller is connected with water supply electronic valve and the control of backwater electronic valve.
4. according to claim 3 include container set beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control irrigation system, its It is characterised by, described feed cistern outlet is located at the bottom edge of feed cistern lower end;Described feed cistern and collecting tank Water inlet is arranged at the upper end of respective cells;Described backwater electronic valve is arranged in valve well, opens above described valve well It is provided with valve manhole cover plate at mouthful.
5. according to claim 3 include container set beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control irrigation system, its It is characterised by, built with cultivation matrix, described soil moisture induction apparatuss are placed in the beautiful cultivation matrix planting bag to described beautiful bag of planting Interior.
6. according to claim 3 include container set beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control irrigation system, its It is characterised by, the limbers of described each container bottom is all connected in the same horizontal line and all with intake pipe arm B.
7. a kind of using described in claim 3 include container set beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control irrigation system The method cultivating seedling is it is characterised in that the method comprises the following steps:
(1)Select Seedling:Consistent nursery stock is planted for selection no disease and pests harm, robust growth, same kind, specification of the same race, upgrowth situation Training;
(2)Seedling process:
A. the root system of seedling is pruned so that root system size, root amount are consistent, make that root cap size is container bore 1/10 ~ 9/10;
B. by step(2)After a prunes, seedling root picks mud, and nursery stock root is carried out disinfection, sterilizes;
Step(2)It is with volume ratio for 1 by garden mould with Cosan that seedling root described in b glues the mud taking:1 ~ 5 ratio mixing and Become;
(3)Basin on nursery stock:Carry out upper basin operation when 0 ~ 35 DEG C,
A. according to step(2)The quantity of described nursery stock size and nursery stock prepares the beautiful bag seed cultivation of planting of cell therefor set and fills Put;
B. in step(3)Load cultivation matrix in U.S. plant bag described in a to the 2/9 ~ 9/10 of U.S. plant bag depth, put into step (2)Nursery stock after processing described in b, then proceedes to add cultivation matrix to the beautiful oral area planting bag, compacting;
(4)Nursery stock is watered:
After on nursery stock, basin completes, in step(3)The beautiful cultivation matrix interior loading soil humidity sensor planting bag of described container set, Soil humidity sensor is electrically connected with the signal input part entering draining nonsynchronous controller, enter the outfan of draining nonsynchronous controller with Water supply electronic valve and backwater electronic valve control connection, and whole automatic irrigation system links together;Soil humidity sensor according to Signal transmission is fed draining nonsynchronous controller by the gap between the actual humidity of soil and the soil moisture of setting, enters draining different Step controller then controls being turned on and off of water supply electronic valve and backwater electronic valve simultaneously, the beautiful cultivation base planted in bag to container set Matter is irrigated;
(5)Nursery stock maintenance:
Plant starting and during planting nursery stock applied fertilizer so as to normal growth.
8. a kind of using described in claim 3 include container set beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control irrigation system The method cultivating seedling is it is characterised in that the method comprises the following steps:
(1)Seed selection:Choose full grains, ripe seed carries out growing and cultivation;
(2)Seed treatment:The seed chosen is carried out soaking, accelerating germination is processed, soak and accelerating germination after the completion of upper basin;
(3)Basin on seed:Carry out upper basin operation when temperature is 0 °C ~ 35 °C,
A. according to step(1)Described seed amount prepares cell therefor set U.S. plant bag seed cultivation device;
B. in step(3)Load cultivation matrix in U.S. plant bag described in a to the 6/8-9/10 of U.S. plant bag depth, put into step (2)Seed after described process, then proceedes to add cultivation matrix to the beautiful oral area planting bag;
(4)Seed waters:
After on seed, basin completes, in step(3)The described beautiful cultivation matrix interior loading soil humidity sensor planting bag, soil is wet Degree sensor is electrically connected with the signal input part entering draining nonsynchronous controller, enters draining nonsynchronous controller outfan and supplies aqueous electron Valve, backwater electronic valve control connection, and whole automatic irrigation system links together;Soil humidity sensor is according to the reality of soil Signal transmission is fed draining nonsynchronous controller by the gap between humidity and the soil moisture of setting, enters draining nonsynchronous controller then Control water inlet electronic valve and being turned on and off of backwater electronic valve simultaneously, beautiful to container set plant the cultivation matrix in bag and fill Irrigate;
(5)Seed maintenance:
Seed after planting waters immediately, container overlying plastic sheeting;Height of seedling is for carrying out first time thinning during 3-4cm;Height of seedling is 8- Carry out thinning again during 15cm, then carry out final singling and transplant seedlings so as to spacing in the rows is between 8-15cm;Seedling grows 3-4 true leaf Afterwards, when watering, it is applied fertilizer so as to normal growth, grow to 40 ~ 70cm and transplanted.
9. according to claim 7 or 8 using containing container set beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control pouring system System cultivates the method for seedling it is characterised in that step(3)Cultivation matrix described in b is all to be joined by the mixing of turf, wood flour and river sand System forms, and wherein the volume ratio of turf, wood flour and river sand is 1 ~ 3:1~3:1~3;EC value≤1;Step(4)The soil of described setting Humidity is 50% ~ 80%.
10. according to claim 7 or 8 using containing container set beautiful plant bag seed cultivation device automatically control pouring system System cultivates the method for seedling it is characterised in that step(5)The fertilizer of described fertilising includes spring formula fertilizer, summer formula fertilizer With autumn formula fertilizer;Described spring formula fertilizer is formed by the preparation of raw material of following component:Calcium nitrate 0.23g/l, potassium nitrate 0.40 g/l, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.06 g/l, magnesium sulfate 0.12 g/l, chelated iron 0.02 g/l, boric acid 0.001 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0;Described summer formula fertilizer is formulated by following component:Calcium nitrate 0.72 g/l, phosphorus potassium 0.57 g/l, ammonium phosphate 0.14 g/l, magnesium sulfate 0.28 g/l, chelated iron 0.02 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0;Described autumn formula fertilizer is by following component It is formulated:Calcium sulfate 1.18 g/l, potassium nitrate 0.26 g/l, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1.15 g/l, magnesium sulfate 0.12 g/l, chelating Ferrum 0.01 g/l, pH value 5.0-7.0.
CN201611145258.6A 2016-12-13 2016-12-13 Container sleeved root control bag seed and seedling cultivation device, automatic-control irrigation system thereof and seedling cultivation method Pending CN106416812A (en)

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