The cart type vegetable aquaculture device used in family room
The utility model relates to the cart type vegetable aquaculture device used in a kind of family room of growing vegetables technical field, and vegetables adopt the cart type vegetable aquaculture device of cultivation technique without soil, LED light filling.
Soilless culture, be that one makes matrix without natural soil, use the culture technique that nutrient solution is cultivated, it is state-of-the-art culture technique in the world today.Its advantage is that vegetable growth is fast, output is high, full-automatic management mode and the product sanitation and hygiene produced, pollute less, quality better, not by the restriction of the conditions such as area, soil in the process of cultivation, saving of labor, province's fertilizer, water saving, avoid the adverse effect that soil continuous cropping causes crop.
Vegetable aquaculture is without chemical residual, and mouthfeel is good, and has been proved to be and has more nutrition than common vegetable.Organic food is described as " rising industry ", has wide market.The a report analysis that United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization delivers shows, between in the past 10 years, on the market of some countries, the sales volume annual increasing rate of organic farm products is more than 25%.The stagnation in this and some general food markets defines striking contrast.America and Europe, vegetable aquaculture is an industry with the fastest developing speed.In Japan's all-round developing vegetable aquaculture industry many years ago, in past 6 years, sales volume with annual 60% speed increment.No matter the vegetable aquaculture of China is that scale or development degree are also very low at present, is also in the starting stage generally, and has huge development potentiality, is expected to become a novel food pillar industry.
1. historically, agricultural civilization mark is exactly that the mankind are to the intervention of crop growth and controlling extent.Facts have proved, to the control of the environmental condition of crop field upper part, accomplishing than being easier to, but the control (control of root system) under ground portion, very difficult under conventional earth culture condition.The appearance of cultivation technique without soil, the mankind are obtained comprise inorganic nutrients condition, the whole environmental condition of plant growth is carried out to the ability of precise hard_drawn tuhes, thus make agricultural production likely thoroughly break away from the restriction of natural conditions, completely according to the hope of people, towards the mode of production development of automation, mechanization and batch production.This will make the output of crops be able to several times, tens times growths with even becoming hundred times.
2., from the angle of resource, arable land is a kind of very valuable, non-renewable resource.Because many non-cultivable lands can be developed by soilless culture, so make unrenewable cultivated land resource obtain expansion and supplement, this, for relaxing and solving farmland issue day by day serious on the earth, has profound significance.Soilless culture not only can make many desertes on the earth become oasis, and in the near future, ocean, space also will become new exploitation field.Soilless culture has been classified as the ten large high-tech that this state will develop this century by the U.S., about the research report of cosmic space plant cultivation, is also soilless culture.Cultivation technique without soil is in Japan, and by the powerful measure of many scientists as research farm, universe, people are called Aquarian agricultural, have been no longer mysterious problems.
3. the problem of water resource is also the large problem day by day seriously threatening the survival and development of the mankind in the world.Not only in arid area, be exactly the densely populated big city in prosperity, water scarcity is also more and more outstanding.Along with the continuous growth of population, various water resource is by excess exploitation, and certain areas are closely exhausted.So controlling agricultural water is one of measure of water saving, and soilless culture, avoid a large amount of seepage of moisture and loss, the water resource being difficult to regenerate is compensated.It will become the only way of Water-saving Agriculture, dry land agriculture.A lot, produce upper commonly using at present has the training of water planting, mist (gas), substrate culture to the method for soilless culture, and wherein substrate culture is a kind of mode that in soilless culture, popularizing area is maximum.It is fixed in the matrix of organic or inorganic by the root system of crop, by the method for drip irrigation or trickle irrigation, and supply crop alimentary liquid.Cultivation matrix can load in plastic sack, or is laid in cultivation ditch or groove, or in cultivation box.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention of the present utility model adopts a kind of brand-new vegetable aquaculture concept, the cart type vegetable aquaculture device used in family room, can allow all families in own home, set up a small-sized vegetable aquaculture garden, can be the fresh vegetables of family's confession self-supplying production.
The present utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
The cart type vegetable aquaculture device used in a kind of family room, comprise movable cart, planting tray, water treatment facilities, water circle device, light compensating apparatus and nutrient solution water tank, planting tray is placed on the support of movable cart, planting tray is connected with nutrient solution water tank by water circle device, it is characterized in that: described movable cart is made up of castor and some layers of support, planting tray is fixed on support, field planting basket is placed in planting tray, water circle device is made up of circulating water pipe and suction pump, planting tray on every layer of support is connected with nutrient solution water tank with suction pump by circulating water pipe, light compensating apparatus is LED light supplement lamp, LED light supplement lamp is arranged on the bottom of planting tray, soft water softening plant and the integrated a set of water treatment facilities of electrolytic cell assembly, be placed in the cavernous body in field planting basket when vegetable seeds, start recirculating nutrient solution, vegetable seeds obtains water and nutrition will germinating growth, leaf of growing up is subject to LED light supplement lamp light source irradiation, carrying out photosynthesis again can releasing oxygen, manufacture natural ecological circulation environment at home, the nutrient solution be provided with in described planting tray in several field planting baskets, nutrient solution water tank is transported in planting tray by circulating water pipe and suction pump, LED light supplement lamp provides illumination for planting tray, with the movable cart of castor by promoting to move to required place, have circulating water pipe to connect between described multi-layer planting dish is upper and lower, can carry out nutrient solution circulation by between each planting tray by suction pump, circulating water pipe is all that detachable apparatus can clean.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the cart type vegetable aquaculture apparatus structure functional diagram used in family room.
In figure: support 1, planting tray 2, field planting basket 3, circulating water pipe 4, LED light supplement lamp 5, nutrient solution water tank 6, culture plate 7, suction pump 8, castor 9 and handle 10.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embody rule, the utility model is further elaborated content of the present utility model:
Be illustrated in figure 1 structure function figure of the present utility model, comprise support 1, planting tray 2, field planting basket 3, circulating water pipe 4, LED light supplement lamp 5, nutrient solution water tank 6, culture plate 7, suction pump 8, castor 9 and handle 10, support, castor and handle form mobile handcart, mobile handcart arranges multilayer bracket, planting tray is fixed on support, nutrient solution water tank is transported in planting tray by circulating water pipe, field planting basket is placed in planting tray, vegetable seeds is placed in the cavernous body in field planting basket, suction pump recirculating nutrient solution, vegetable seeds obtains water and nutrition will germinating growth, leaf of growing up is subject to LED light supplement lamp light source irradiation, carrying out photosynthesis again can releasing oxygen, manufacture natural ecological circulation environment at home, vegetable aquaculture device can be moved to required place by movable cart.