CN201388375Y - Multifunctional ridging and membrane-applying seed sowing machine - Google Patents

Multifunctional ridging and membrane-applying seed sowing machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201388375Y
CN201388375Y CN200920143833U CN200920143833U CN201388375Y CN 201388375 Y CN201388375 Y CN 201388375Y CN 200920143833 U CN200920143833 U CN 200920143833U CN 200920143833 U CN200920143833 U CN 200920143833U CN 201388375 Y CN201388375 Y CN 201388375Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheel
ridging
mulch film
frame
multi
Prior art date
Application number
CN200920143833U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐昌林
蔡斌
翟贵生
李希文
高延炯
尚增太
韩天判
徐奎山
董德民
Original Assignee
高延炯
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 高延炯 filed Critical 高延炯
Priority to CN200920143833U priority Critical patent/CN201388375Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201388375Y publication Critical patent/CN201388375Y/en

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a multifunctional ridging and membrane applying seed sowing machine, and aims to solve the problem that the prior membrane applying seed sowing machine features complex structure and simplex function. The seed sowing machine comprises a machine frame, fertilizer cans, a small chain wheel, a land wheel, a big chain wheel, a sleeve roller chain, a fertilizer colter, a side edge furrow ploughshare, a duck bill bunching planting machine, and a disc soil covering wheel, wherein, the fertilizer cans are symmetrically arranged on the machine frame, the small chain wheel is arranged between the two fertilizer cans, the land wheel is arranged on one side of the machine frame, the big chain wheel on the shaft of the land wheel is connected with the small chain wheel through the sleeve roller chain, and a small ridging ploughshare is arranged at the middle part of the machine frame. Integrating the operation procedures such as furrowing, ridging, fertilizing, membrane applying, bunch planting, membrane pressing and the like, the utility model can meet the need of sowing corn in two ridges and four rows at one stroke. The utility model has the advantages of high productivity, reliable operation and reliable performance, and therefore can meet the planting and agricultural requirements concerning the membrane applying and ridge planting of crops such as corn, potato and the like in dry farming areas.

Description

Multi-functional ridging mulch film spreading and seeding machine

Technical field

The utility model belongs to sowing and the fertilizer machinery in the agricultural machinery, specifically a kind of trench digging, fertilising, ridging, overlay film multifunctional seed drill.

Background technology

In dry farming, the mulch sowing technology is one of effective measures that improve crop yield, and it has holds water in the sky, keeps moisture in the soil in the ground, suppresses weed growth, improves the effect of ground temperature, society, economy, ecological benefits highly significant.Through practice for many years, this technology that people are perfect again, " the full film trench sowing technology " just widelyd popularize in the drought and water shortage area in recent years.During this specification requirement crop-planting,, form ditch, the alternate kind bed structure in ridge, cover one deck plastic sheeting for farm use on the whole face of land or on the ridge then, again according to agriculture requirement maize planting, potatoes and other crops on the ridge earlier at face of land ridging.

Applying of full film trench sowing technology needs advanced and applicable outfitting tool to enhance productivity, and alleviates peasant's labour intensity.

At present, such facility relatively lack, and existing facility can not satisfy actual needs.

For example 30 horsepowers of following tractor with small four wheels of power are as single ridge ridging laminating machine of power, this class facility operation function is single, mainly finish surface soil ridging film coating operation, can not disposablely finish multi-mode operation operations such as ridging, overlay film, fertilising, sowing, press mold, therefore the availability and the operating efficiency of facility are low, working width is little simultaneously, can not finish the ridging needs on two ridges.When the soil ridging, facility are mainly by the little ploughshare ridging of digging, again by an arc finishing ridge shape; When press mold, the facility that have are by disk covering device press mold, the facility that also have adopt the bucket type elevator that soil is mentioned, and along with the advancing of unit, equably soil are scattered press mold then, this mechanism passes to power by the tractor rear output shaft parts such as gearbox, drive the elevator motion again, although this structure press mold effect is better, implement structure is loaded down with trivial details, cost is higher, and is less economical.

Also have a lot of facility can only finish the flat seeding operation of doing of corn, do not have the ridging device, can not ridging and form the alternate surface condition of furrow.

Respectively there is a sets of transmission mechanism (chain drive) the frame both sides that have, and structure is loaded down with trivial details, and used mulch film width is 70 centimetres, 170 centimetres.These facility are to improve according to the apply fertilizer multifunctional seed drill of mulch sowing operation of existing wheat, corn, peanut and other crops mostly, and many structures are general in the agricultural machinery.

The utility model content

The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of multi-functional ridging mulch film spreading and seeding machine, and the structure that existing tectorial seeder exists is numerous and diverse to solve, the problem of function singleness.

The utility model comprises frame, fertilizer can, minor sprocket, land wheel, hinge wheel, bushroller chain, applicator boot, side ditching share, duckbilled dibbler, disk earthing wheel, be arranged with fertilizer can on the described frame, described minor sprocket is located at the centre of two fertilizer cans, one side of frame is provided with a land wheel, and the hinge wheel on the land axle links to each other with minor sprocket by bushroller chain; The middle part of described frame is provided with the little ploughshare of ridging.

The utility model can adapt to current corn, potato (for potato, have only fertilising, overlay film, ridging flow chart, do not comprise sowing) the actual needs of ridging overlay film ferti-seeding design, its objective is for the soil moisture conservation of economizing on water, for dry farming and water-saving irrigation provides a kind of new supporting farm machinery.

The utility model with 30 horsepowers of above tractors of power as mating power, flow charts such as collection ditching, ridging, fertilising, overlay film, bunch planting, press mold are one, the disposable corn seeding needs that can finish two ridges, four lines also can be finished ditching, ridging, fertilising, the film coating operation of potato.Facility productivity ratio height, operation is reliable, stable performance, can satisfy the overlay film ridge culture planting agronomy needs of dry farming area corn, potatoes and other crops, perhaps only use as ridge-forming and fertilizing overlay film facility, function is many, but and flexible Application, finish the multi-mode operation needs.

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described in further detail.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model;

Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.

Embodiment

The utility model comprises frame 7, fertilizer can 1, minor sprocket 2, land wheel 5, hinge wheel 6, bushroller chain 3, applicator boot 8, side ditching share 9, duckbilled dibbler 17, disk earthing wheel 18, the front end of frame 7 is provided with applicator boot 8 and side ditching share 9, the middle part of frame 7 is provided with duckbilled dibbler 17, be arranged with fertilizer can 1 on the frame 7, minor sprocket 2 is located at the centre of two fertilizer cans 1, one side of frame 7 is provided with a land wheel 5, and the hinge wheel 6 on 5 of the land wheels links to each other with minor sprocket 2 by bushroller chain 3; The middle part of frame 7 is provided with the little ploughshare 12 of ridging.The both sides of disk earthing wheel 18 are provided with press mold covering device 19.

Frame is arranged with for 7 times covers ridge plate 10.The effect of covering the ridge plate mainly is shaping, exactly soil is formed ridge, the ditch pattern of farming of definite shape.

Cover ridge plate 10 back and be provided with press wheel 11.Press wheel 11 is main to play the suppression effect by own wt to the rib that covers after the plate shaping of ridge, with the rib superficial compaction some, be convenient to overlay film.Press wheel has two in these facility, because the disposable two ridge culture industry of finishing of facility is provided with a press wheel behind every ridge.The press wheel structure is very simple, makes cylindricly with roll of steel plate, and two ends are connected on the frame after hinged with band steel.

Frame 7 has film-spreading roller 13 and press mold wheel 14.Frame 7 is provided with mulch film bearing support 4.

Duckbilled dibbler 17 is two groups, and the centre is provided with mulch film earthing wheel 15.The outside of duckbilled dibbler 17 is provided with film limit earthing wheel 16.

In the utility model embodiment the facility overall dimension for long * wide * high 2240 * 2000 * 970 centimetres, mating power is a tractor more than 30 horsepowers, used mulch film width is 90 centimetres.Facility can play two ribs, disposable ridging, fertilising, overlay film, bunch planting, the press mold flow chart finished.Every ridge maize planting 2 row, row spacing, corn planting line-spacing, spacing in the rows is adjustable within the specific limits.According to locality plantation standard, during the field corn plantation, 53 centimetres of tops of row spacing are measured, and 40 centimetres of tops of furrow width are measured, and have formed the earth surface planting structure on " ditch-ridge-ditch-ridge-ditch ", and the corn line-spacing is about 35 centimetres, and spacing in the rows is about 20 centimetres.Facility and tractor adopt suspension type to be connected, can the control equipment lifting by hydraulic pressure, so that transport and the adjusting of job state.

Ditching component of the present utility model is little ploughshare 12, each one of dual-side, and the centre has two, once can play two ridges when advancing; The fertilising parts adopt the outer groove wheel fertilizer apparatus, when the facility operation, mulch film are pressed by artificial elder generation at the edge of a field, and along with advancing of facility, ditching share 9 was dug soil and form two ridge shapes when facility moved ahead; By hinge wheel 6, bushroller chain 3, minor sprocket 2, the fertilizer in the fertilizing box 1 by under the defertilizing slot schedule, is applied in the depth bounds of inferior 9-15 centimetre of soil layer by 4 applicator boots 8 behind fertilizer delivering pipe during land wheel 5 rotations; Plough 8 and little ploughshare 12 fixes due to frame by " U " shape, can about, up-down adjustment, to satisfy different agronomy planting requirements; After little ploughshare had been ploughed rib, the back was provided with two and covers ridge plate 10, press wheel 11 and four little ploughshares 12 of ridging, covered the effect that ridge plate 10, press wheel 11 can further play rib shaping and compacting, and the two has certain pretightning force by spring action; The little ploughshare 12 of ridging can further be repaired the rib width, so that consistent with the mulch film width, can trip out the ridge, the ditch face of land shape that meet the requirements; It is the model of 90 centimetres of specifications that plastic sheeting for farm use adopts wide, be placed on the mulch film bearing support 4, mulch film covers rib behind film-spreading roller 13, side has rubber press mold wheel 14 and film limit earthing wheel 16, middle mulch film earthing to take turns 15, push down mulch film after soil dug, it is 3 centimetres groove helix that the film-spreading roller surface is shaped on dark, wide, and pitch is 40 centimetres, helix is opposite to the both sides rotation direction in the centre of film, can the mulch film exhibition is tight; The adjustable spacing in the rows hole seeding arrangement that the corn seeding parts adopt us to patent; It backmost is press mold covering device 19 and disk earthing wheel 18, press mold earthing parts are made cylindrical shape by sheet metal, inner surface is welded with helical blade, and when facility advanced, disk earthing wheel 18 was screwed into earthing wheel edge with soil, rotation along with the earthing wheel, it is that soil zone about 4 centimetres is pressed on the mulch film that soil divide is formed width, and by regulating the position of hole seeding arrangement, soil zone can be pushed down the position behind the bunch planting seed, fasten plastic sheeting for farm use simultaneously in case swept, play the effect of soil moisture conservation and press mold by wind.

Claims (8)

1, a kind of multi-functional ridging mulch film spreading and seeding machine, comprise frame, fertilizer can, minor sprocket, land wheel, hinge wheel, bushroller chain, applicator boot, the side ditching share, the duckbilled dibbler, disk earthing wheel, the front end of frame is provided with applicator boot and side ditching share, the middle part of frame is provided with the duckbilled dibbler, it is characterized in that: be arranged with fertilizer can (1) on the described frame (7), described minor sprocket (2) is located at the centre of two fertilizer cans (1), one side of frame (7) is provided with a land wheel (5), and the hinge wheel (6) on land wheel (5) axle links to each other with minor sprocket (2) by bushroller chain (3); The middle part of described frame (7) is provided with the little ploughshare of ridging (12).
2, multi-functional ridging mulch film spreading and seeding machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be arranged with under the described frame (7) and cover ridge plate (10).
3, multi-functional ridging mulch film spreading and seeding machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described ridge plate (10) back of covering is provided with press wheel (11).
4, according to claim 2 or 3 described multi-functional ridging mulch film spreading and seeding machines, it is characterized in that: described frame (7) has film-spreading roller (13).
5, multi-functional ridging mulch film spreading and seeding machine according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described frame (7) has press mold wheel (14).
6, multi-functional ridging mulch film spreading and seeding machine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described duckbilled dibbler (17) is two groups, the centre is provided with mulch film earthing wheel (15).
7, multi-functional ridging mulch film spreading and seeding machine according to claim 6 is characterized in that: the outside of described duckbilled dibbler (17) is provided with film limit earthing wheel (16).
8, multi-functional ridging mulch film spreading and seeding machine according to claim 7 is characterized in that: the both sides of described disk earthing wheel (18) are provided with press mold covering device (19).
CN200920143833U 2009-02-20 2009-02-20 Multifunctional ridging and membrane-applying seed sowing machine CN201388375Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200920143833U CN201388375Y (en) 2009-02-20 2009-02-20 Multifunctional ridging and membrane-applying seed sowing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200920143833U CN201388375Y (en) 2009-02-20 2009-02-20 Multifunctional ridging and membrane-applying seed sowing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201388375Y true CN201388375Y (en) 2010-01-27

Family

ID=41595189

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN200920143833U CN201388375Y (en) 2009-02-20 2009-02-20 Multifunctional ridging and membrane-applying seed sowing machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201388375Y (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102356712A (en) * 2011-11-15 2012-02-22 甘肃武威兴旺农机制造有限公司 Ridge culture furrow irrigation whole film laying earthing bunch planting fertilizing unite working machine
CN102742400A (en) * 2012-07-30 2012-10-24 宁夏大学 Ridging laminating fertilizing seeding all-in-one machine for corns
CN102783280A (en) * 2011-05-17 2012-11-21 高台县嘉宝机械制造销售有限公司 Multifunctional ridging fertilizing film-spreading machine
CN103371006A (en) * 2012-04-16 2013-10-30 吴建民 All-filming double-furrow potato seeder
CN104521643A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-04-22 平顶山市烟草公司汝州市分公司 Single-ridge double-row automatic mulch laminating machine
CN104604397A (en) * 2013-11-01 2015-05-13 王海静 Novel potato laminating seeder and novel seed picking spoon and novel dual-purpose laminating seeder for potato and corn
CN104798467A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-07-29 甘肃省水利科学研究院 Ridging, pesticide spraying, under-film water applying, earthing and hole sowing combined machine
CN105027760A (en) * 2015-08-15 2015-11-11 水利部牧区水利科学研究所 Plastic film mulching, pipe paving, and fertilizing precise dibbler for winter wheat

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102783280A (en) * 2011-05-17 2012-11-21 高台县嘉宝机械制造销售有限公司 Multifunctional ridging fertilizing film-spreading machine
CN102783280B (en) * 2011-05-17 2015-04-15 高台县嘉宝机械制造销售有限公司 Multifunctional ridging fertilizing film-spreading machine
CN102356712A (en) * 2011-11-15 2012-02-22 甘肃武威兴旺农机制造有限公司 Ridge culture furrow irrigation whole film laying earthing bunch planting fertilizing unite working machine
CN103371006A (en) * 2012-04-16 2013-10-30 吴建民 All-filming double-furrow potato seeder
CN103371006B (en) * 2012-04-16 2015-09-09 吴建民 Potato full film double-furrow sower
CN102742400A (en) * 2012-07-30 2012-10-24 宁夏大学 Ridging laminating fertilizing seeding all-in-one machine for corns
CN104604397A (en) * 2013-11-01 2015-05-13 王海静 Novel potato laminating seeder and novel seed picking spoon and novel dual-purpose laminating seeder for potato and corn
CN104521643A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-04-22 平顶山市烟草公司汝州市分公司 Single-ridge double-row automatic mulch laminating machine
CN104521643B (en) * 2015-02-02 2016-10-12 平顶山市烟草公司汝州市分公司 A kind of single ridge duplicate rows automatic blinding laminating machine
CN104798467A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-07-29 甘肃省水利科学研究院 Ridging, pesticide spraying, under-film water applying, earthing and hole sowing combined machine
CN105027760A (en) * 2015-08-15 2015-11-11 水利部牧区水利科学研究所 Plastic film mulching, pipe paving, and fertilizing precise dibbler for winter wheat

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN204579036U (en) The automatically controlled combined seed and fertilizer drill of multifunctional rotary tillage
CN201004782Y (en) Multifunctional sowing machine
CN201069899Y (en) Protective cultivation rotary drill
CN202172575U (en) Seeding, fertilizing and mulching combine for wide-ridge and double-row planting of potatoes
CN200956720Y (en) Wheat harvester
CN202145743U (en) Hydraulic drive complete-rod type sugarcane combined planter with film mulching mechanism
CN201609019U (en) Multifunctional fertilizing and ridging mulch applicator
CN203027691U (en) Full film double-furrow seeder for potatoes
CN204634293U (en) One grow wheat subsoiling rotary tillage layer by layer manuring divides band seed broadcaster
CN203167538U (en) Combined operating mechanism for carrying out fertilization, rotary tillage, land preparation, pipe laying, film laying, hole spawning and earthing
CN201758547U (en) Maize mulched drip irrigation planter
CN104041213A (en) Multifunctional ridging film laminator
CN202476073U (en) Seeder
CN102362565B (en) Fertilizer application, rotary tillage, full membrane, soil coverage and hole sowing combined operating machine
CN203120438U (en) Potato seeder
CN102090167A (en) Straw mulching combined revolution sowing machine
CN102626009B (en) Multilayer stubble-cleaning rotary-cultivation fertilizing seeding machine
CN2850227Y (en) Multifunctional mulching and rotary seedling machine for peanuts
CN101194550A (en) Self-propelled combined accuracy work machine for ploughing, smoothing, seeding and maintaining
CN103340037B (en) Ultra-narrow row rotary tillage ferti integral type improving yield of wheat sower
CN101390460A (en) No-tillage combined precision planter
CN204217357U (en) No-tillage subsoiling separated layer fertilization wheat sowing machine
CN204425974U (en) Potato setter
CN101617618A (en) Synchronously ditching, ridging, fertilizing and sowing method for precise direct hole-sowing of rice
CN201898715U (en) Film laminating device for potato seeder

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100127

Termination date: 20140220

C17 Cessation of patent right