CN201216051Y - Semi-suspension type combined machine for recycling plastic residue and crushing stalk back to farmland - Google Patents

Semi-suspension type combined machine for recycling plastic residue and crushing stalk back to farmland Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201216051Y
CN201216051Y CNU2008201126562U CN200820112656U CN201216051Y CN 201216051 Y CN201216051 Y CN 201216051Y CN U2008201126562 U CNU2008201126562 U CN U2008201126562U CN 200820112656 U CN200820112656 U CN 200820112656U CN 201216051 Y CN201216051 Y CN 201216051Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
roller
straw
plastic residue
collecting
residual film
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008201126562U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王序俭
曹肆林
孟祥金
鲁滨
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
Original Assignee
Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences filed Critical Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
Priority to CNU2008201126562U priority Critical patent/CN201216051Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201216051Y publication Critical patent/CN201216051Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a semi-suspension machine integrating the operation of reclaiming earth surface residual plastic film and grinding straw and returning to the field. The whole machine is mainly composed of a semi-suspension bracket (1), a machine frame (2), a gear case (3), a straw grinding device (4), a straw throwing and feeding tube (5), a transmission mechanism (6), a roller for collecting plastic residue (7), a scarification tooth (8), a plastic residue doffing and sending impeller (9), a dome (10), a film-collecting case (11), and a depth stop transport wheel (12). The machine is characterized in that the straw grinding device (4) is arranged at the front part of the machine; the straw throwing and feeding tube (5) and the straw grinding device (4) are connected with each other; the roller for collecting plastic residue (7) is arranged at the lower middle part of the machine; the scarification tooth (8) is located under the roller for collecting plastic residue (7) and is connected with the frame; the plastic residue doffing and sending impeller (9) is arranged at the back upper part of the roller for collecting plastic residue (7); the dome (10) covers the plastic residue doffing and sending impeller (9); and the film-collecting case (11) in a rectangular shape is arranged at the back part of the machine. The machine can perform two operations of reclaiming earth surface residual plastic film and grinding straw and returning to field in an operation, with high operating efficiency and high film clearing efficiency, and is convenient and reliable to use.

Description

The residual film of semimounted reclaims and the straw chopping and returning combine
Affiliated technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of farm working machinery, particularly relates to the machinery that reclaims residual film in the face of land and straw chopping and returning integration of operation.
Background technology
The agricultural crop straw chopping and returning helps improving the organic matter and the nutrient content of soil, improves soil physical property, improves the biologically active of soil, and tangible effect of increasing production is arranged.The agricultural crop straw chopping and returning is an operation that labour intensity is big, expenditure of time is many, seasonality is very strong.If crops straw can not in time be handled, will influence the autumn ploughing operation in farmland, restrict the spring sowing production in the coming year.Adopt stalk crasher with the crops straw chopping and returning at present, plough turns over and places into the soil then.
Behind crop harvesting, the residual film in the face of land needs in time to remove, and is beneficial to the growth of crop in the coming year.The following sweep-out method of main at present employing:
1) manual removal and recovery, inefficiency often has little time to reclaim sometimes.
2) elastic claw is hugged the film machine, uses the hay rake principle the residual film in the face of land is hugged integrated heap or strip, and entrucking transports extraterrestrial then.This method is removed the stalk of chopping and returning easily simultaneously, has lost the effect of straw-returning, and residual membrane removal rate and productivity ratio are lower.
In the prior art, clear film and straw chopping and returning operation are carried out respectively, and operation often, power consumption is big.In order to realize that straw chopping and returning and residual film reclaim one-stop operation and finish, reduce cargo handling operation, reduce production costs, the utility model provides the residual film of a kind of semimounted to reclaim and the straw chopping and returning combine, realizes a tractor serves several purposes.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiency that prior art exists, and a kind of multipurpose work tool that can remove the residual film in the face of land behind the crop harvesting, can also finish the crops straw chopping and returning is provided.
In order to realize the foregoing invention purpose, the utility model provides the residual film of a kind of semimounted to reclaim and straw chopping and returning integration of operation facility, send pipe, transmission mechanism, roller for collecting plastic residue, tine, residual film conveyer, film-collecting box and the dark travelling wheel of limit to form by rack-mounted half hanger bracket, gear-box, straw millstone, stalk throwing, it is characterized in that: described straw millstone is positioned at the front portion of facility; Described stalk is thrown and is sent pipe to be connected with described straw millstone; Described roller for collecting plastic residue is positioned at the facility middle part on the lower side; Described tine is positioned at described roller for collecting plastic residue below and links to each other with frame; Described residual film conveyer by residual film take off send impeller and kuppe to form, be installed in described roller for collecting plastic residue the top partially after; Described kuppe takes off described residual film and send impeller to cover.
Above-mentioned facility is characterized in that: described roller for collecting plastic residue is that off-centre is taken off rod-type, is made up of gin pole and cylinder, and rotating speed is 80~110 rev/mins; The eccentric throw of gin pole and cylinder is 6~12cm.
Above-mentioned facility is characterized in that: described residual film takes off and send impeller to be made up of blade and sharf, and it is 30~40cm that described residual film takes off the external diameter that send impeller, 3~6 in blade.
Above-mentioned facility is characterized in that: the cross-sectional profile of described impeller cover becomes involute to launch for take off the direction of rotation of sending impeller along described residual film.
Above-mentioned facility is characterized in that: described tine is made up of a tier pole tooth, bar space width 8~12cm, described bar tooth tilt to install, with 20 °~35 ° of horizontal plane angles.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: adopt the residual film of semimounted of said structure design to reclaim and crops straw chopping and returning combine, one-stop operation can finish straw chopping and returning and residual film reclaims two operations, high efficiency, low in energy consumption, the membrane cleaning rate height, easy to use and reliable.The high yield that not only can keep plastic mulching to obtain, and help environmental protection and the organic matter and the nutrient that improve soil.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Fig. 1 is a structural representation front view of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is a structural representation vertical view of the present utility model.
1. half hanger brackets among the figure, 2. frame, 3. gear-box, 4. straw millstone, 5. stalk is thrown and is sent pipe, 6. transmission mechanism, 7. roller for collecting plastic residue, 8. tine, 9. residual film takes off and send impeller, 10. kuppe, 11. film-collecting boxs, the dark travelling wheel of 12. limits.
Embodiment
In Fig. 1, Fig. 2, complete machine mainly send pipe (5), transmission mechanism (6), roller for collecting plastic residue (7), tine (8), residual film to take off by half hanger bracket (1), frame (2), gear-box (3), straw millstone (4), stalk throwing and send impeller (9), kuppe (10), film-collecting box (11) and limit dark travelling wheel (12) to form.It is characterized in that: described straw millstone (4) is positioned at the front portion of facility; Described stalk stalk is thrown and is sent pipe (5) to be connected with described straw millstone (4); Described roller for collecting plastic residue (7) is positioned at the facility middle part on the lower side; Described tine (8) is positioned at described roller for collecting plastic residue (7) below and links to each other with frame; Described residual film take off send impeller (9) to be positioned at described roller for collecting plastic residue (7) the top partially after; Described kuppe (10) takes off described residual film and send impeller (9) to cover; Described film-collecting box (11) is a rectangle, is positioned at the rear portion of facility.
During the facility operation, the lower suspension arm (not shown) of tractor is connected with half hanger bracket (1); Power takes off to straw millstone (4), roller for collecting plastic residue (7) and residual film transmission of power by tractor motive power output shaft by gear-box (3) and transmission mechanism (6) and send impeller (9).Straw millstone (4) cuts, pulverizes crops straw after throws and send pipe (5) to shed the facility back, and tine (8) 5~8cm that buries is loose with topsoil.Roller for collecting plastic residue (7) is provoked the residual film in the upper soll layer 5cm scope, along with the rotation of roller for collecting plastic residue (7), takes residual film to the demoulding position, is taken off by residual film and send impeller (9) to take off and throw from roller for collecting plastic residue (7) to deliver to the film-collecting box (11).Film-collecting box (11) is a rectangle, is made up of casing and bottom.Casing is welded into framework by angle steel, and five faces are all formed with Web materials.Base plate and casing are hinged, by the opening and closing of two hook control base plates.
The working depth of facility is by half hanger bracket (1) and the dark travelling wheel of limit (12) control.Facility are when road transport and field transfer, and one-way cylinder plunger (not shown) stretches out and promotes the dark travelling wheel of limit (12) to lower swing, and half hanger bracket (1) is promoted by the tractor lower suspension arm simultaneously, makes the facility rise.When in farm work, the oil cylinder plunger is withdrawn under the effect of facility weight, makes facility drop to the operating position.

Claims (4)

1. the residual film of semimounted reclaims and the straw chopping and returning combine, send pipe, transmission mechanism, roller for collecting plastic residue, tine, residual film conveyer, film-collecting box and the dark travelling wheel of limit to form by rack-mounted half hanger bracket, gear-box, straw millstone, stalk throwing, it is characterized in that: described straw millstone is positioned at the front portion of facility; Described stalk is thrown and is sent pipe to be connected with described straw millstone; Described roller for collecting plastic residue is positioned at the facility middle part on the lower side; Described tine is positioned at described roller for collecting plastic residue below and links to each other with frame; Described residual film conveyer by residual film take off send impeller and kuppe to form, be installed in described roller for collecting plastic residue the top partially after; Described kuppe takes off described residual film and send impeller to cover.
2. by the described facility of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described roller for collecting plastic residue is that off-centre is taken off rod-type, is made up of gin pole and cylinder, and the eccentric throw of gin pole and cylinder is 6~12cm.
3. by the described facility of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described residual film takes off and send impeller to be made up of blade and sharf.
4. by the described facility of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the cross-sectional profile of described kuppe becomes involute to launch for take off the direction of rotation of sending impeller along described residual film.
CNU2008201126562U 2008-04-18 2008-04-18 Semi-suspension type combined machine for recycling plastic residue and crushing stalk back to farmland Expired - Fee Related CN201216051Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201126562U CN201216051Y (en) 2008-04-18 2008-04-18 Semi-suspension type combined machine for recycling plastic residue and crushing stalk back to farmland

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201126562U CN201216051Y (en) 2008-04-18 2008-04-18 Semi-suspension type combined machine for recycling plastic residue and crushing stalk back to farmland

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201216051Y true CN201216051Y (en) 2009-04-08

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Family Applications (1)

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Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN201216051Y (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103004307A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-04-03 明·明德巴特 Fine residual film recycling machines
CN103392393A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-11-20 明·明德巴特 Plastic film residue recycling box filling machine
CN103782681A (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-05-14 新疆农垦科学院 Squirrel cage type film residue picking and straw smashing combined machine
CN104025737A (en) * 2014-03-03 2014-09-10 新疆科神农业装备科技开发有限公司 Straw supporting cutting field returning and residual film collecting machine
CN104221513A (en) * 2013-06-06 2014-12-24 蒋毅蕾 Machine for removing soil residual membranes
CN104604376A (en) * 2014-05-14 2015-05-13 新疆农垦科学院 Combined machine capable of conveying straws back to field and recycling plastic film residue
CN104969725A (en) * 2015-07-03 2015-10-14 新疆农垦科学院 Method for straw crushing and field-returning and mulching film recycling operation
CN108012669A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-05-11 石宏杰 A kind of agricultural machinery campanulaceae pulverizer
CN111802081A (en) * 2020-07-11 2020-10-23 广东中达软件开发有限公司 Environment-friendly straw oxygen-pressing fermentation treatment equipment

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103004307A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-04-03 明·明德巴特 Fine residual film recycling machines
CN104221513A (en) * 2013-06-06 2014-12-24 蒋毅蕾 Machine for removing soil residual membranes
CN103392393A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-11-20 明·明德巴特 Plastic film residue recycling box filling machine
CN103782681A (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-05-14 新疆农垦科学院 Squirrel cage type film residue picking and straw smashing combined machine
CN104025737A (en) * 2014-03-03 2014-09-10 新疆科神农业装备科技开发有限公司 Straw supporting cutting field returning and residual film collecting machine
CN104025737B (en) * 2014-03-03 2016-01-20 新疆科神农业装备科技开发股份有限公司 Stalk supports the cutting also residual film gathering machine in field
CN104604376A (en) * 2014-05-14 2015-05-13 新疆农垦科学院 Combined machine capable of conveying straws back to field and recycling plastic film residue
CN104969725A (en) * 2015-07-03 2015-10-14 新疆农垦科学院 Method for straw crushing and field-returning and mulching film recycling operation
CN108012669A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-05-11 石宏杰 A kind of agricultural machinery campanulaceae pulverizer
CN111802081A (en) * 2020-07-11 2020-10-23 广东中达软件开发有限公司 Environment-friendly straw oxygen-pressing fermentation treatment equipment

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090408

Termination date: 20100418

C17 Cessation of patent right