CN203801332U - Machine for smashing and gathering straw and returning straw to fields - Google Patents

Machine for smashing and gathering straw and returning straw to fields Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203801332U
CN203801332U CN201420214492.XU CN201420214492U CN203801332U CN 203801332 U CN203801332 U CN 203801332U CN 201420214492 U CN201420214492 U CN 201420214492U CN 203801332 U CN203801332 U CN 203801332U
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China
Prior art keywords
frame
auger
cover
storehouse
stalk
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420214492.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李传良
蒋广友
王永胜
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李传良
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Priority to CN201420214492.XU priority Critical patent/CN203801332U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of agricultural machines, and provides a machine for smashing and gathering straw and returning the straw to fields. The machine comprises a rack, wherein a transmission case is arranged in the front of the rack, gearboxes are in transmission connection with the two sides of the transmission case, each gearbox is provided with a first-level power output portion and a second-level power output portion, the two gearboxes are located on the two sides of the rack respectively, a straw smashing bin and an auger bin are arranged in the rack in sequence from front to back, the straw smashing bin and the auger bin are communicated with each other, a cutter shaft assembly is arranged in the straw smashing bin, two power input ends of the cutter shaft assembly are in transmission connection with the first-level power output portions of the two gearboxes respectively, an auger assembly is arranged in the auger bin, the two power input ends of the auger assembly are in transmission connection with the second-level power output portions of the two gearboxes respectively, and a material outlet is formed in the rear of the side, with gathered straw, of the auger bin. The machine for smashing and gathering straw and returning the straw to fields is high in straw recovery rate, good in straw gathering effect and high in land preparation cleanliness.

Description

A kind of crushed stalk is gathered field-returning machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural machinery technological field, relates in particular to a kind of crushed stalk and gathers field-returning machine.
Background technology
Variation along with socioeconomic development and national policy; agricultural machinery has obtained greatly developing; especially at present country promotes the large block in arable land to develop by promotion farm, cooperative society's system; promote the use of large-scale agricultural machinery; improve agricultural production efficiency; reduce resource consumption, improve the recovery utilization rate of stalk, protection of the environment.
Straw cutting apparatus is that the comparatively general agricultural crop straw of application at present reclaims machinery.At present, the straw cutting apparatus using on market all in field by after crops stalk crushing, be all into bulk storage its flat presentation and shed on surface, soil, field.When carrying out bundling operation with binder, the collection of its stalk is picked up very difficult, not only picks up clean rate low, and stalk loss is many, and bundling operating efficiency is not high, has increased operating cost, but also is unfavorable for follow-up the carrying out of working wholely.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide that a kind of stalk rate of recovery is high, stalk is gathered crushed stalk effective, that whole ground cleannes are high and gathered field-returning machine.
The utility model is to realize like this, a kind of crushed stalk is gathered field-returning machine, comprise frame, the front portion of described frame is provided with transmission case, the both sides of described transmission case are all connected with gearbox, described in each, gearbox is equipped with one-level power efferent and second motive force efferent, and two described gearboxes lay respectively at the both sides of described frame, is provided with successively from front to back the crushed stalk storehouse and the auger storehouse that are connected in described frame;
In described crushed stalk storehouse, be provided with for throwing to the cutter shaft assembly in described auger storehouse after crushed stalk, described cutter shaft assembly and described frame are rotationally connected, and two power intakes of described cutter shaft assembly are in transmission connection with the one-level power efferent of two described gearboxes respectively;
In described auger storehouse, be provided with the auger assembly for stalk being carried out to a side in described auger storehouse laterally draw in, described auger assembly and described frame are rotationally connected, two power intakes of described auger assembly are in transmission connection with the second motive force efferent of two described gearboxes respectively, and the rear flank portion that described auger position in storehouse collects in stalk offers discharging opening.
As a kind of improved plan, the both sides of described transmission case are equipped with power take-off, the power intake of described gearbox is connected with link power transmission shaft, described link power transmission shaft rotates and is arranged in described frame, between the power intake of described link power transmission shaft and described power take-off, by Cardan shaft, is in transmission connection.
As a kind of improved plan, the top of described cutter shaft assembly is covered with the front cover body of arc, described front cover body is fixedly connected with described frame, the rear end of described front cover body is provided with the rear cover body of arc, described rear cover body is located at the top of described auger assembly, the front end of described rear cover body and described frame are articulated and connected, the rear end of described rear cover body is provided with the base plate of arc, described base plate cover at described auger assembly below, described base plate is fixedly connected with described frame, the front end of described base plate is fixedly connected with deadlight, the upper end of described deadlight is positioned at the place ahead of described auger assembly and extends back, between the upper end of described deadlight and described front cover body, be provided with and be convenient to the space that stalk passes through, the front side wall of described front cover body and described deadlight and described base plate surrounds described crushed stalk storehouse jointly, described rear cover body and described base plate and described deadlight surround described auger storehouse jointly.
As a kind of improved plan, the rear end of described frame is rotated and is provided with the swing bolster extending along its width, the two ends of described swing bolster and described frame are rotationally connected, described swing bolster is in transmission connection by rotary oil cylinder and described frame, the cylinder body of described rotary oil cylinder is articulated with in described frame, piston rod free end and the described swing bolster of described rotary oil cylinder are articulated and connected, and are fixed with at least two road wheels on described swing bolster.
As a kind of improved plan, the place ahead that is positioned at described transmission case in described frame is provided with hitch frame, and described hitch frame is provided with support wheel; The top that is positioned at described hitch frame in described frame is provided with trifilar suspension portal frame.
The crushed stalk that the utility model provides is gathered field-returning machine, because it is provided with successively from front to back crushed stalk storehouse and the auger storehouse being connected in frame, and the rear flank portion collecting in stalk at auger position in storehouse offers discharging opening, making this crushed stalk gather field-returning machine can be completed crushed stalk simultaneously and be gathered operation by one-stop operation path, by one, go the stalk of gathering in journey and backhaul process to put successively accumulation on the way by discharging opening, both increased the height of stockpile, stockpile neatly and orderly, be convenient to bundling or stacking, improved again whole ground cleannes, both sides in frame arrange respectively the gearbox being connected with transmission case common driving, and the one-level power efferent that makes two gearboxes respectively with crushed stalk storehouse in two power intakes of cutter shaft assembly be in transmission connection, the second motive force efferent that makes two gearboxes respectively with auger storehouse in two power intakes of auger assembly be in transmission connection, improved the powerdriven stability of gearbox, guaranteed the stability of cutter shaft assembly and the running of auger assembly course of work high speed, also can make the rotational power of cutter shaft assembly and auger assembly obtain an equitable breakdown, the operating efficiency that has improved crushed stalk and gathered, make stockpile cleaner, neatly, improve the clean-up performance on whole ground, also improved the organic efficiency of stalk simultaneously.
The crushed stalk that the utility model provides is gathered field-returning machine and is also had the unit operation function of gathering, shedding; when people only need when shedding in field after crushed stalk; only need the power cut in auger storehouse; and rear cover body is opened, realize this crushed stalk and gathered the diversity that field-returning machine is applied.
The crushed stalk that the utility model provides is gathered field-returning machine, the stalk rate of recovery is high, stalk gather effective, whole ground cleannes are high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation front view that the crushed stalk of removing hitch frame and trifilar suspension portal frame that the utility model provides is gathered field-returning machine;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation left view that the crushed stalk that hitch frame is installed that the utility model provides is gathered field-returning machine;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation vertical view that the crushed stalk that trifilar suspension portal frame is installed that the utility model provides is gathered field-returning machine;
In figure: 1-frame, 2-transmission case, 3-gearbox, 31-one-level power efferent, 32-second motive force efferent, 4-crushed stalk storehouse, cover body before 41-, 5-auger storehouse, 51-discharging opening, 52-rear cover body, 53-base plate, 54-deadlight, 6-cutter shaft assembly, 61-cutter shaft, 62-hammers pawl into shape, 7-auger assembly, 8-links power transmission shaft, 9-Cardan shaft, 10-swing bolster, 11-rotary oil cylinder, 12-road wheel, 13-hitch frame, 14-support wheel, 15-trifilar suspension portal frame.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only in order to explain the utility model, and be not used in restriction the utility model.The following stated all be take this crushed stalk and is gathered direction that field-returning machine advances in the course of the work as front.
The crushed stalk that Fig. 1 shows the utility model to be provided is gathered the main diagram of structural representation of field-returning machine, and for convenience of explanation, this figure only provides the structure division relevant with the utility model.
Crushed stalk is gathered field-returning machine and is comprised frame 1, the front portion of frame 1 is provided with transmission case 2, as shown in Figure 2, the both sides of transmission case 2 are all connected with gearbox 3, each gearbox 3 is equipped with one-level power efferent 31 and second motive force efferent 32, two gearboxes 3 lay respectively at the both sides of frame 1, are provided with successively from front to back the crushed stalk storehouse 4 and the auger storehouse 5 that are connected in frame 1; In crushed stalk storehouse 4, be provided with for throwing to the cutter shaft assembly 6 in auger storehouse 5 after crushed stalk, in this embodiment, cutter shaft assembly 6 comprises two cutter shafts 61 that are coaxial docking and install, and on cutter shaft 61 the uniform a plurality of hammer pawls 62 of spiral to improve its crushing effect, two cutter shafts 61 are all rotationally connected with frame 1, and the outer end of two cutter shafts 61 is in transmission connection with the one-level power efferent 31 of two gearboxes 3 respectively; In auger storehouse 5, be provided with the auger assembly 7 for stalk being carried out to a side in auger storehouse 5 laterally draw in, auger assembly 7 is rotationally connected with frame 1, two power intakes of auger assembly 7 are in transmission connection with the second motive force efferent 32 of two gearboxes 3 respectively, as shown in Figure 3, auger storehouse 5 is positioned at the rear flank portion that stalk collects and offers discharging opening 51.Adopt after this kind of structure, this crushed stalk is gathered field-returning machine and can be completed crushed stalk simultaneously and be gathered operation by one-stop operation path, by one, go the stalk of gathering in journey and backhaul process to put successively accumulation on the way by discharging opening 51, both increased the height of stockpile, stockpile neatly and orderly, be convenient to bundling or stacking, improved again whole ground cleannes, the gearbox 3 being connected with transmission case 2 common drivings is set respectively in the both sides of frame 1, and the one-level power efferent 31 of two gearboxes 3 is in transmission connection respectively with two power intakes of cutter shaft assembly 6, the second motive force efferent 32 that makes two gearboxes 3 respectively with auger storehouse 5 in two power intakes of auger assembly 7 be in transmission connection, improved the powerdriven stability of gearbox 3, guaranteed the stability of cutter shaft assembly 6 and 7 course of work high speed runnings of auger assembly, also can make the rotational power of cutter shaft assembly 6 and auger assembly 7 obtain an equitable breakdown, the operating efficiency that has improved crushed stalk and gathered, make stockpile cleaner, neatly, improve the clean-up performance on whole ground, also improved the organic efficiency of stalk simultaneously.
Both sides at transmission case 2 are equipped with power take-off, the power intake of gearbox 3 is connected with link power transmission shaft 8, link power transmission shaft 8 rotates and is arranged in frame 1, between the power intake of link power transmission shaft 8 and this power take-off, by Cardan shaft 9, is in transmission connection.Adopt after this kind of structure, can guarantee powerdriven stability between transmission case 2 and two gearboxes 3, reduce power loss, improve the operating efficiency of cutter shaft assembly 6 and auger assembly 7.
The top of cutter shaft assembly 6 is covered with the front cover body 41 of arc, front cover body 41 is fixedly connected with frame 1, the rear end of front cover body 41 is provided with the rear cover body 52 of arc, rear cover body 52 is located at the top of auger assembly 7, the front end of rear cover body 52 and frame 1 are articulated and connected, the rear end of rear cover body 52 is provided with the base plate 53 of arc, base plate 53 cover at auger assembly 7 below, base plate 53 is fixedly connected with frame 1, the front end of base plate 53 is fixedly connected with deadlight 54, the upper end of deadlight 54 is positioned at the place ahead of auger assembly 7 and extends back, between the upper end of deadlight 54 and front cover body 41, be provided with and be convenient to the space that stalk passes through, front cover body 41 surrounds crushed stalk storehouse 4 jointly with the front side wall of deadlight 54 and base plate 53, rear cover body 52 surrounds auger storehouse 5 jointly with base plate 53 and deadlight 54.Adopt behind the crushed stalk storehouse 4 and auger storehouse 5 of this kind of structure, can make stalk after pulverizing through the top of deadlight 54, enter into auger storehouse along the inwall of front cover body 41, and fall along the inwall of rear cover body 52 and base plate 53, finally under the effect of auger assembly 7, to discharging opening, gather, in this process, both reduce stalk and entered the impelling resistance in 5 processes of auger storehouse by the rear impelling of hammer pawl 62 pulverizing on cutter shaft assembly 6, guaranteed that again stalk gathers to discharging opening along the spiral angle of auger assembly 7, and then the operating efficiency that has improved crushed stalk and gathered, stop the generation of straw blockage phenomenon, can guarantee again the neat degree that stalk is gathered, be convenient to carrying out smoothly of follow-up bundling or stacking work.
Adopt behind the crushed stalk storehouse and auger storehouse of this kind of structure; make crushed stalk gather field-returning machine and also there is the unit operation function of gathering, shedding; when people only need when shedding in field after crushed stalk; only need the power cut in auger storehouse; and rear cover body 52 is opened, realize this crushed stalk and gathered the diversity that field-returning machine is applied.
In the rear end of frame 1, rotate and be provided with the swing bolster 10 extending along its width, the two ends of swing bolster 10 and frame 1 are rotationally connected, swing bolster 10 is in transmission connection by rotary oil cylinder 11 and frame 1, the cylinder body of rotary oil cylinder 11 is articulated with in frame 1, piston rod free end and the swing bolster 10 of rotary oil cylinder 11 are articulated and connected, and are fixed with at least two road wheels 12 on swing bolster 10.Adopt the road wheel 12 of this kind of structure; can be convenient to people according to the actual condition in the course of work by adjust rotary oil cylinder 11 piston rod stretch out and shrink the anglec of rotation that regulates row swing bolster 10; thereby adjust frame 1 with respect to the height on ground; and then adjustment stubble height; can also guarantee the performance of passing through of complete machine, guarantee that this crushed stalk gathers the working effect of field-returning machine.
The place ahead that is positioned at transmission case 2 in frame 1 is provided with hitch frame 13, and hitch frame 13 is provided with support wheel 14; The top that is positioned at hitch frame 13 in frame 1 is provided with trifilar suspension portal frame 15.The mode that adopts hitch frame 13 and 15 two kinds of hangs of trifilar suspension portal frame to combine, when earth's surface, field is soft or when moist, people can select the hang of trifilar suspension portal frame 15, prevent that complete machine from sinking, and guarantee that this crushed stalk gathers the working effect of field-returning machine; When earth's surface hardness is large or draw this crushed stalk while gathering field-returning machine walking on highway, can select the mode of hitch frame 13 tractions, to reduce energy consumption, save the energy, the interchangeability of these two kinds of suspensions and mode of traction is good, adaptable.
The crushed stalk that the utility model provides is gathered field-returning machine, the stalk rate of recovery is high, stalk gather effective, whole ground cleannes are high.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all any modifications of doing within spirit of the present utility model and principle, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., within all should being included in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. a crushed stalk is gathered field-returning machine, comprise frame, it is characterized in that: the front portion of described frame is provided with transmission case, the both sides of described transmission case are all connected with gearbox, described in each, gearbox is equipped with one-level power efferent and second motive force efferent, two described gearboxes lay respectively at the both sides of described frame, are provided with successively from front to back the crushed stalk storehouse and the auger storehouse that are connected in described frame;
In described crushed stalk storehouse, be provided with for throwing to the cutter shaft assembly in described auger storehouse after crushed stalk, described cutter shaft assembly and described frame are rotationally connected, and two power intakes of described cutter shaft assembly are in transmission connection with the one-level power efferent of two described gearboxes respectively;
In described auger storehouse, be provided with the auger assembly for stalk being carried out to a side in described auger storehouse laterally draw in, described auger assembly and described frame are rotationally connected, two power intakes of described auger assembly are in transmission connection with the second motive force efferent of two described gearboxes respectively, and the rear flank portion that described auger position in storehouse collects in stalk offers discharging opening.
2. crushed stalk as claimed in claim 1 is gathered field-returning machine; it is characterized in that: the both sides of described transmission case are equipped with power take-off; the power intake of described gearbox is connected with link power transmission shaft; described link power transmission shaft rotates and is arranged in described frame, between the power intake of described link power transmission shaft and described power take-off, by Cardan shaft, is in transmission connection.
3. crushed stalk as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is gathered field-returning machine, it is characterized in that: the top of described cutter shaft assembly is covered with the front cover body of arc, described front cover body is fixedly connected with described frame, the rear end of described front cover body is provided with the rear cover body of arc, described rear cover body covers at the top of described auger assembly, the front end of described rear cover body and described frame are articulated and connected, the rear end of described rear cover body is provided with the base plate of arc, described base plate cover at described auger assembly below, described base plate is fixedly connected with described frame, the front end of described base plate is fixedly connected with deadlight, the upper end of described deadlight is positioned at the place ahead of described auger assembly and extends back, between the upper end of described deadlight and described front cover body, be provided with and be convenient to the space that stalk passes through, the front side wall of described front cover body and described deadlight and described base plate surrounds described crushed stalk storehouse jointly, described rear cover body and described base plate and described deadlight surround described auger storehouse jointly.
4. crushed stalk as claimed in claim 3 is gathered field-returning machine; it is characterized in that: the rear end of described frame is rotated and is provided with the swing bolster extending along its width; the two ends of described swing bolster and described frame are rotationally connected; described swing bolster is in transmission connection by rotary oil cylinder and described frame; the cylinder body of described rotary oil cylinder is articulated with in described frame; piston rod free end and the described swing bolster of described rotary oil cylinder are articulated and connected, and are fixed with at least two road wheels on described swing bolster.
5. crushed stalk as claimed in claim 4 is gathered field-returning machine, it is characterized in that: the place ahead that is positioned at described transmission case in described frame is provided with hitch frame, and described hitch frame is provided with support wheel; The top that is positioned at described hitch frame in described frame is provided with trifilar suspension portal frame.
CN201420214492.XU 2014-04-29 2014-04-29 Machine for smashing and gathering straw and returning straw to fields Expired - Fee Related CN203801332U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104255205A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-07 新疆科农机械制造有限责任公司 Straw crushing bilateral returning machine
CN104488452A (en) * 2014-12-23 2015-04-08 沈阳农业大学 Machine for straw mixing fertilizer and incorporation
CN105638109A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-06-08 吉林农业大学 Double-barrel straight-arrangement type straw returning machine
CN108093704A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-06-01 霍邱县夏时农机制造有限公司 A kind of adjustable straw processor
CN112551842A (en) * 2020-12-07 2021-03-26 青岛兴开环境科技有限公司 Intelligent cylinder fermentation cylinder
CN112715137A (en) * 2020-12-25 2021-04-30 海南大学 Radial guide wheel type banana straw smashing and returning machine

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104255205A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-07 新疆科农机械制造有限责任公司 Straw crushing bilateral returning machine
CN104488452A (en) * 2014-12-23 2015-04-08 沈阳农业大学 Machine for straw mixing fertilizer and incorporation
CN105638109A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-06-08 吉林农业大学 Double-barrel straight-arrangement type straw returning machine
CN105638109B (en) * 2016-03-28 2017-08-04 吉林农业大学 Bitubular straight-line straw counters-field set
CN108093704A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-06-01 霍邱县夏时农机制造有限公司 A kind of adjustable straw processor
CN112551842A (en) * 2020-12-07 2021-03-26 青岛兴开环境科技有限公司 Intelligent cylinder fermentation cylinder
CN112715137A (en) * 2020-12-25 2021-04-30 海南大学 Radial guide wheel type banana straw smashing and returning machine

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140903

Termination date: 20200429

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee