CN201467644U - Residual film recycling and stubble collecting machine - Google Patents

Residual film recycling and stubble collecting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201467644U
CN201467644U CN2009202030862U CN200920203086U CN201467644U CN 201467644 U CN201467644 U CN 201467644U CN 2009202030862 U CN2009202030862 U CN 2009202030862U CN 200920203086 U CN200920203086 U CN 200920203086U CN 201467644 U CN201467644 U CN 201467644U
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China
Prior art keywords
stubble
roller screen
film
behind
frame
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009202030862U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李豹
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李豹
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Priority to CN2009202030862U priority Critical patent/CN201467644U/en
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Publication of CN201467644U publication Critical patent/CN201467644U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a residual film recycling and stubble collecting machine. Two adjustable depth wheels are respectively mounted at the front part and the rear part of a frame; two sickle-shaped film and stubble collecting scraper knifes are mounted behind the front depth wheel at the front end of the frame; a conveying chain with a low front part and a high rear part is mounted behind the scraper knifes; a round table-shaped separation roller screen with an inclination angle is arranged behind the conveying chain; a large gear ring is mounted on the front edge of the roller screen; four soil loosening ploughs are mounted on the frame between the conveying chain and the separation roller screen; a film and stubble collecting basket is arranged behind the machine; the power output shaft of a tractor is connected with the conveying chain and a conical gear through a transmission device; and the gear is meshed with the large gear ring of the separation roller screen. The device has high film and stubble collecting efficiency and prevents the leakage of stubbles; and both the residual film recovery rate and the stubble collection rate reach above 95 percent. Meanwhile, the residual film recycling and stubble collecting machine has the soil loosening function by adopting the soil loosening plough, is required to be used for ploughing after stubble collection and can directly sow seeds, so that the production efficiency is 3-5 mu per hour.

Description

Residual film reclaims stubble collecting machine
Technical field the utility model relates to a kind of agricultural machinery, is a kind of agricultural machinery that reclaims residual mulch film and can play stubble specifically.
The present plastic mulching cultivation technology of background technology begins the large scale application in China from the seventies, and it increases effective accumulated temperature, the effect of increasing income has obtained social extensive common recognition.Yet along with the expansion of overlay film area and the increase of the time limit, residual film retention amount constantly increases in the soil, manually is difficult to complete recovery, causes the physicochemical property of soil relatively poor, and then has influenced agricultural production.Simultaneously, not recoverable residual film racks and is dispersed in field, treetop, has formed white pollution, even causes livestock to eat by mistake to cause death.
Reclaim a difficult problem for solving residual film preferably, in recent years, polytype machine for recycling mulch film is introduced, tested in this locality, but poor owing to regional adaptability, power consumption is big, performance is unreliable, work reasons such as low, the native film of the rate of picking up separates thoroughly, the part parts are easy to wear, fail to be applied.
Utility model content the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of residual film to reclaim stubble collecting machine, it can disposablely have been finished stubble skinning, loose soil layer, carry four operations such as separating soil block, the residual film fixed set of root stubble heap, can remove the root stubble, reclaim residual film, and the face of land is loose, smooth after the operation, has characteristics such as production efficiency height, the residual film rate of recovery of root stubble height.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows.
This device by suspension arrangement, power drive mechanism, frame, the adjustable gauge wheel in front and back, play a stubble skinning perching knife, conveying plant, the device that loosens the soil, separate roller screen, collection film stubble basket, unload film stubble device and constitute; Its structure is that front and back respectively connect two adjustable gauge wheels on the frame, two sickleshapeds are installed behind the gauge wheel before the front end of frame play a batch skinning perching knife, low early and high after carrier chain is housed behind this perching knife, there is truncated cone-shaped with angle to separate roller screen behind the carrier chain, on the forward position of this roller screen bull gear is installed, the front and back outer rim of roller screen adopts the support roller of a plurality of location; On the frame between carrier chain and the separation roller screen, 4 ploughshares that loosen the soil are installed; The facility back is provided with collection film stubble basket; Connect carrier chain by tractor motive power output shaft through transmission device, above-mentioned power take-off connects angular wheel through transmission device, this gear and the bull gear engagement that separates roller screen.
Above-mentioned adjustable gauge wheel is that square steel is linked on the frame, and gauge wheel installs on the square steel through clamp, with clamp fixedly the diverse location of square steel regulate line-spacing.
Above-mentioned stubble skinning perching knife is splayed to be installed, low early and high after, is connected with guide rod behind the cutter.
Above-mentioned carrier chain is low early and high after, and the angle on itself and ground is 25 °-40 °.
It is that preceding high back is low that above-mentioned truncated cone-shaped is separated roller screen, and its inclination angle is 8 °-15 °.
Advantage of the present utility model is: 1, play stubble, skinning rate height, two sickleshapeds play batch skinning perching knife and four ploughshares that loosen the soil can be prevented the leak-stopping stubble effectively, and the residual film rate of recovery, root stubble play savage rate all more than 95%.2, this function reclaims arable land 10cm with the root stubble and the residual membrane removal of interior topsoil, also has soil-loosening function because of the ploughshare that loosens the soil simultaneously, need not plough behind the stubble again, make the few procedure of farmland operation, can directly sow, reduce farmer's burdens, production efficiency be 3-5 mu/hour.3, project organization is reasonable, and operation principle is reliable, and four gauge wheel decapacitation are regulated outside the depth, can also regulate width, are fit to any row spacing.Each parts material is sturdy and durable, and frame is welded by the 8# light rail, has increased the intensity of facility, and operation and adjustment are easily.This device can be widely used in picking up the root stubble and the residual film in big root stubble crop covering with plastic film farmland such as corn, Chinese sorghum.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model overall structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing for embodiment.
This device adopts tractor to hang traction, and the 10th, hanger bracket is by power drive mechanism, frame, the adjustable gauge wheel in front and back, play a stubble skinning perching knife, conveying plant, the device that loosens the soil, separate roller screen, collection film stubble basket, unload film stubble device and constitute; Its structure is respectively to connect two adjustable gauge wheels 3,8 before and after on the frame, and gauge wheel is to link on the frame through square steel, and concrete structure is that gauge wheel installs on the square steel through clamp, with clamp fixedly the diverse location of square steel regulate line-spacing.Two sickleshapeds are installed behind the gauge wheel before the front end of frame 2 play a batch skinning perching knife 4, perching knife is splayed to be installed, low early and high after, is connected with guide rod 15 behind the cutter.Low early and high after carrier chain 5 is housed behind this perching knife, and carrier chain is low early and high after, with the angle on ground be 30 °.Have truncated cone-shaped with angle to separate roller screen 7 behind the carrier chain, roller screen is that preceding high back is low, and its inclination angle is 8 °-15, and bull gear 13 is installed on the forward position of ° roller screen, and the front and back outer rim of roller screen adopts several support rollers of not being in the mood for locating 16; On the frame between carrier chain and the separation roller screen, 4 ploughshares 6 that loosen the soil are installed; The facility back is provided with collection film stubble basket 9, and this basket connects discharging backguy 11 through pull bar 14, and this line inserts driver's cabin; Connect carrier chain 5,12nd by tractor motive power output shaft 1 through transmission device, the inter-axle shaft of carrier chain, above-mentioned power take-off connects angular wheel through transmission device, and this gear and bull gear 13 engagements that separate roller screen drive and separate roller screen 7 rotations.
During facility work, driver's operation tractor hydraulic handle is to landing place, frame 2 is landed, gauge wheel 3 and 8 contacts to earth, adjusting the gauge wheel depth buries stubble skinning perching knife 4, utilize the pace of tractor, two are played stubble skinning perching knife and will be embedded in root stubble in the soil, residual film scoops up in the lump and is transported on the carrier chain 5, four ploughshares 6 that loosen the soil can be prevented the leak-stopping stubble and loosen the soil better, carrier chain 5 is the root stubble, after residual film sent and is discharged to separation roller screen 7, soil block rotated in roller screen, under action of centrifugal force, soil block is crashed to pieces and is thrown to ground by the roller screen mesh, and root stubble and the residual film stayed in the roller screen are thrown in the collection film stubble basket 9.When collection film stubble basket collection is full, pull the discharging handle by driver or support staff, root stubble and residual film are unloaded put in heapsly, finish mulch film and reclaim and rise a stubble operation.

Claims (5)

1. a residual film reclaims stubble collecting machine, it is characterized in that: it is played stubble skinning perching knife (4), conveying plant, the device that loosens the soil, separates roller screen (7), collection film stubble basket (9), unloaded film stubble device and constitute by suspension arrangement (10), power drive mechanism, frame (2), the adjustable gauge wheels in front and back (3), (8); Its structure is that front and back respectively connect two adjustable gauge wheels (3), (8) on the frame, two sickleshapeds are installed behind the gauge wheel before the front end of frame play a batch skinning perching knife (4), low early and high after carrier chain (5) is housed behind this perching knife, there is truncated cone-shaped with angle to separate roller screen (7) behind the carrier chain, bull gear (13) is installed on the forward position of this roller screen, and the front and back outer rim of roller screen adopts the support roller (16) of a plurality of location; On the frame between carrier chain and the separation roller screen, 4 ploughshares that loosen the soil (6) are installed; The facility back is provided with collection film stubble basket (9); Connect carrier chain (5) by tractor motive power output shaft (1) through transmission device, above-mentioned power take-off connects angular wheel through transmission device, and this gear meshes with the bull gear that separates roller screen (13).
2. residual film according to claim 1 reclaims stubble collecting machine, and it is characterized in that: its adjustable gauge wheel (3), (8) are that square steel is linked on the frame (2), and gauge wheel installs on the square steel through clamp.
3. residual film according to claim 1 reclaims stubble collecting machine, it is characterized in that: its stubble skinning perching knife (4) that rises is the splayed installation, and is low early and high after, is connected with guide rod (15) behind the cutter.
4. residual film according to claim 1 reclaims stubble collecting machine, and it is characterized in that: its carrier chain (5) is low early and high after, and the angle on itself and ground is 25 °-40 °.
5. residual film according to claim 1 reclaims stubble collecting machine, it is characterized in that: it is that preceding high back is low that its truncated cone-shaped is separated roller screen, and its inclination angle is 8 °-15 °.
CN2009202030862U 2009-09-03 2009-09-03 Residual film recycling and stubble collecting machine Expired - Fee Related CN201467644U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202030862U CN201467644U (en) 2009-09-03 2009-09-03 Residual film recycling and stubble collecting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202030862U CN201467644U (en) 2009-09-03 2009-09-03 Residual film recycling and stubble collecting machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201467644U true CN201467644U (en) 2010-05-19

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009202030862U Expired - Fee Related CN201467644U (en) 2009-09-03 2009-09-03 Residual film recycling and stubble collecting machine

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CN (1) CN201467644U (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103004307A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-04-03 明·明德巴特 Fine residual film recycling machines
CN103202117A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-07-17 邹建忠 Corn stubble land residual film picking-up machine and stubble cutting and soil preparation method
CN103392393A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-11-20 明·明德巴特 Plastic film residue recycling box filling machine
CN103493618A (en) * 2013-09-26 2014-01-08 林西县清树农牧业机械制造有限公司 Mulch film residue recycling and stubble collecting machine
CN103749014A (en) * 2014-01-06 2014-04-30 黑龙江省畜牧机械化研究所 Corn stubble cleaning film roller
CN103891440A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-07-02 张永新 Stubble and plastic film residue separating recycling machine
CN103988600A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-20 靖边县农业机械管理服务站 Excavating type one-time recovery residue film recycling machine
CN104350825A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-02-18 闫章春 Residual mulch film recovering combined machine
CN104737648A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-07-01 新疆农业大学 Vibrating chain type used plastic film collecting machine

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103004307A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-04-03 明·明德巴特 Fine residual film recycling machines
CN103202117A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-07-17 邹建忠 Corn stubble land residual film picking-up machine and stubble cutting and soil preparation method
CN103392393A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-11-20 明·明德巴特 Plastic film residue recycling box filling machine
CN103493618A (en) * 2013-09-26 2014-01-08 林西县清树农牧业机械制造有限公司 Mulch film residue recycling and stubble collecting machine
CN103749014A (en) * 2014-01-06 2014-04-30 黑龙江省畜牧机械化研究所 Corn stubble cleaning film roller
CN103749014B (en) * 2014-01-06 2016-07-06 黑龙江省畜牧机械化研究所 The clear stubble machine for removing mulch film of Semen Maydis
CN103891440B (en) * 2014-03-28 2016-06-29 张永新 A kind of separation and recovery machine of piece stubble and residual film
CN103891440A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-07-02 张永新 Stubble and plastic film residue separating recycling machine
CN103988600A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-20 靖边县农业机械管理服务站 Excavating type one-time recovery residue film recycling machine
CN103988600B (en) * 2014-05-29 2015-10-28 靖边县农业机械管理服务站 The disposable recovery machine for recovering broken film of digging type
CN104350825A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-02-18 闫章春 Residual mulch film recovering combined machine
CN104737648A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-07-01 新疆农业大学 Vibrating chain type used plastic film collecting machine

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100519

Termination date: 20130903