CN207783468U - Farmland incomplete film recycles machine of working soil - Google Patents

Farmland incomplete film recycles machine of working soil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207783468U
CN207783468U CN201721840762.8U CN201721840762U CN207783468U CN 207783468 U CN207783468 U CN 207783468U CN 201721840762 U CN201721840762 U CN 201721840762U CN 207783468 U CN207783468 U CN 207783468U
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China
Prior art keywords
film
rack
roller
hollow
sprocket wheel
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201721840762.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
倪世鹏
方海军
薛志娟
何宪平
柳伟枝
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Individual
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Abstract

Farmland incomplete film recycles machine of working soil, which includes:Rack, loosening shovel mounted on rack front end is set, rack-mounted reducer arrangement is set, rack-mounted conveying device is set, level land limited depth roller below rack is set, collection film mounted on rack rear end is set and unloads film case, what setting was mounted on that collection film unloads film case upper end and conveying device rear end sweeps film impurity removing roller.The machine, by trifilar suspension connection frame towage, skinning is carried out without excavating crop root residue using hairpin formula loosening shovel by tractor;Provided with shake roller, realizes that the film picked up is shaken up and down using profiled roller and dispose sundries;Setting collection film unloads film case, convenient for collecting residual film;Level land limited depth roller is set, the grading being used for after skinning and adjustment skinning depth.The machine recycles residual film selecting rate height, and percentage of impurity meets residual film and is granulated the requirement that processing recycles, and avoids the artificial secondary residual film for sorting machinery recycling, cost-saving synergistic notable.

Description

Farmland incomplete film recycles machine of working soil
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, more particularly to a kind of farmland incomplete film recycles machine of working soil.
Background technology
China's film-covering planting develops into agricultural production and brings notable benefit, while the farmland incomplete film pollution problem brought Increasingly prominent.Since China's mulching planting area is wide, it is related to multiclass long-term cropping and agronomy system differs, in a jumble using ground Film standard differs, and causes residual film to be difficult to recycle, the rate of recovery is low.Farmland incomplete film endangers very big, farmland incomplete film to the growth of crops Prolonged stay in the soil, causes soil hardening, soil benign structure to be destroyed, fertility decline, be unfavorable for proportion of crop planting or Improve yield.
Currently, farmland incomplete film recycling mainly has artificial pick up to pick up two kinds of recovery methods with machinery, residual film is manually picked up, is contained Miscellaneous rate is low, is conducive to recycle, but working efficiency is low and labor intensity is big, and rural laborer's shortage in addition is artificial to pick up cost too It is high.
It is to solve the important means of residual film pollution problem to pick up residual film using machinery, and organic efficiency is high, and operating cost is low, residual Film-recovering machine must have the function of the miscellaneous sorting of good film, also require have higher used plastic collection rate and mechanical work efficiency.Currently Used plastic collection machinery type is more, but can recycle farmland incomplete film completely and sort the mechanical less of residual film.Some area agriculturals Production division has put into human and material resources and financial resources and has recycled problem to address farmland incomplete film.Existing incomplete film-recovering machine is mainly tied Configuration formula has rake formula, elastic claw type, drum-type, chain-and-harrow type, integration of operation formula etc., but in the prevalence of receive not clean, collection film is difficult, The problems such as containing miscellaneous more difficult sortings.Such as promote and apply preferable elastic claw(Rake)Formula incomplete film-recovering machine needs operation 2-3 times, and selecting rate can Reach 75% or more, and the residual film picked up is collected on elastic claw, unloading is extremely difficult, also needs manually to carry out secondary sorting collection It can reach recycling standard.The residual film miscellany rate of other types recycling is high, it is difficult to sorting utilizes, application it is less.
Invention content
The purpose of the utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of farmland incomplete film recycling selecting rate it is high, The high farmland incomplete film with site preparation function of operating efficiency recycles machine of working soil.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is:Farmland incomplete film recycles machine of working soil, which includes:Rack, Provided with the loosening shovel mounted on rack front end, it is provided with rack-mounted reducer arrangement, is provided with and is mounted on rack On conveying device, be provided be mounted on rack below level land limited depth roller, unload film provided with the collection film mounted on rack rear end Case sweeps film impurity removing roller and shake roller provided with unload film case upper end and conveying device rear end mounted on collection film.The machine is by tractor By trifilar suspension connection frame towage, skinning is carried out without excavating crop root residue using hairpin formula loosening shovel;Provided with trembling Dynamic roller realizes that the film picked up is shaken up and down using profiled roller and disposes sundries;Setting collection film unloads film case, convenient for collecting residual film;If Horizontalization ground limited depth roller, for after skinning grading and adjustment skinning depth.Conveying device is put down for conveying and clearing up residual film Ground limited depth roller is for leveling land.Each device of the utility model runs through sprocket wheel in reducer arrangement, conveying device actively Chain drive that sprocket wheel on sprocket wheel on axis and shake roller is formed is realized.
The utility model has following remarkable result:
1, compact-sized, adjustment is easy to maintenance, flexible with tractor suspension towage turning, power consumption is small, manufacture Cost is relatively low, meets rural economic development objective demand.
2, few using hairpin formula loosening shovel disturbance topsoil soils, crop root residue is not excavated, residual film degree of crushing is reduced, is reduced Membrane resistance is played, residual film is provoked and few is conducive to that sorting is clear miscellaneous, and winder collection film is convenient containing miscellaneous.
3, loosening shovel picks up residual film principle using manual imitation, technologically advanced, and it is simple in structure to sweep film impurity removing roller, and complete machine recycling is residual Film selecting rate is high, and percentage of impurity meets residual film and is granulated the requirement that processing recycles, and avoids the residual film of artificial secondary sorting machinery recycling, Cost-saving synergistic is notable.
4, the utility model is vdiverse in function, and one-stop operation can realize skinning, clear miscellaneous sorting, winder collection film, the smooth town of topsoil Pressure has soil moisture conservation effect after good winder, recycles residual film and site preparation integration of operation effect, recycles residual film and site preparation quality is high.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model overall structure diagram.
Fig. 2 is loosening shovel structural schematic diagram in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is transport conveyor constructions schematic diagram in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is that deflector roll structural schematic diagram is trembled in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is to collect film in Fig. 1 to unload film box structure schematic diagram.
In figure:01. loosening shovel, 011. fixes Filled Rectangle steel, and 012. spade, 013. shovel tip, 02. time suspension, 03. fixes Plate A, hangs fixed plate, 05. level land limited depth roller on 04., and 06. collection film unloads film case, 061. case sieve, 062. fixation hollow square steel A, 063. fixation hollow square steel B, 064. bottom hollow rectangle steel, 065. fixed pin keep off diaphragm plate, 067. side plate, 07. gear film after 066. Impurity removing roller, 08. trembles deflector roll, 081. sprocket wheel, 082. spindle nose, 083. hollow shaft, 084. fixed baffle, 085. hollow profiled roller, and 09. Fixed plate B, 10. leading lamina membranaceas, 11. conveying devices, 111. minor sprockets, 112. driving shafts, 113. toothed belts, 114. conveyer belts, 115. driven shaft, 116. toothed belts, 117. big sprocket wheels, 12. reducer arrangements hang on 13., 14. racks.
Specific implementation mode
Specific embodiment of the present utility model combination attached drawing is illustrated.
As shown in Figure 1, farmland incomplete film recycles machine of working soil, including rack 14 is welded on upper suspension 13 in rack 14, lower outstanding 02 and upper suspension fixed plate 04 are hung, is equipped in 14 front lower portion of rack and is detachably fixed plate A 03,14 upper rear end of rack peace Equipped with plate B 09 is detachably fixed, loosening shovel 01, the installation of 14 upper front end of rack are installed on 14 front end fixed plate A 03 of rack There is reducer arrangement 12, level land limited depth roller 05 is installed in 14 middle lower portion of rack, 14 rear end of rack is equipped with collection film and unloads film case 06, conveying device 11, the connection of 11 top of conveying device are installed positioned at 03 rear ends rack fixed plate A and 09 front ends fixed plate B It is fixed in leading lamina membranacea 10, gear film impurity removing roller 07 is installed on fixed plate B 09 and trembles deflector roll 08.
As shown in Fig. 2, the loosening shovel 01 is made of fixed Filled Rectangle steel 011, spade 012 and shovel tip 013, spade 012 is fixed on fixed Filled Rectangle steel 011, and shovel tip 013 is mounted on 012 front end of spade by fixing bolt.
As shown in figure 3, the conveying device 11 include minor sprocket 111, driving shaft 112, toothed belt 113, conveyer belt 114, Driven shaft 115, toothed belt 116 and big sprocket wheel 117, driving shaft 112 are fixedly mounted on fixed plate B 09,111 He of minor sprocket Big sprocket wheel 117 is mounted on the both ends of driving shaft 112, is located at the outside of fixed plate B 09,114 both sides of conveyer belt are equipped with toothed belt 113, toothed belt 113 is mounted in toothed belt 116, and toothed belt 116 is mounted on driving shaft 112 and driven shaft 115.
As shown in figure 4, the shake roller 08 is by sprocket wheel 081, spindle nose 082, hollow shaft 083, fixed baffle 084 and hollow different Shape roller 085 is constituted, and spindle nose 082 is welded on 083 both ends of hollow shaft, and fixed baffle 084 and hollow profiled roller 085 are fixedly welded on sky In mandrel 083, sprocket wheel 081 is mounted on spindle nose 082, and the both ends spindle nose in hollow shaft 083 is mounted on both sides fixed plate B 09, Sprocket wheel 081 is located at the outside of fixed plate B 09.
As shown in figure 5, it includes case sieve 061, fixation hollow square steel A 062, fixation hollow square steel B that the collection film, which unloads film case, 063, bottom hollow rectangle steel 064, fixed pin 065, rear gear diaphragm plate 066 and side plate 067, fixation hollow square steel B 063 are welded on 064 both ends of bottom hollow rectangle steel, fixation hollow square steel A 062 are welded on above bottom hollow rectangle steel 064, and side plate 067 is used Bolt and nut is fixed on fixation hollow square steel A 062, and case sieve 061 is mounted on bottom hollow rectangle steel 064 and side plate 067, Gear diaphragm plate 066 is mounted on 067 rear end of side plate and can be rotated up afterwards, and fixed pin 065 is mounted on case and sieves in 061 pin hole, for fixing Diaphragm plate 066 is kept off afterwards, and babinet is mounted on hollow square steel B 063, and babinet both sides fixation hollow square steel B 063 is fixed on rack On 14.
The utility model used plastic collection machine of working soil, 29.4 kilowatts of mating power or more can complete skinning depth not in 18 Centimetre, skinning depth is adjustable, 1.3 meters of working width, collects about 0.2 cubic metre of membrane volume, and operating speed is no more than 5 kms/small When.Upper suspension 13 and lower suspension 02 are attached by axis pin and tractor respectively.

Claims (5)

1. farmland incomplete film recycles machine of working soil, which includes:Rack, it is characterised in that:Provided with before rack The loosening shovel at end is provided with rack-mounted reducer arrangement, is provided with rack-mounted conveying device, is provided with Level land limited depth roller below rack unloads film case provided with the collection film mounted on rack rear end, is provided with and is mounted on collection film The film impurity removing roller of sweeping for unloading film case upper end and conveying device rear end runs through the chain in reducer arrangement with roller, each device is shaken The chain drive that wheel, sprocket wheel on conveying device driving shaft and the sprocket wheel on shake roller are formed is realized.
2. farmland incomplete film according to claim 1 recycles machine of working soil, which is characterized in that the loosening shovel is by Filled Rectangle Steel 011, spade 012 and shovel tip 013 form, and spade 012 is fixed on Filled Rectangle steel 011, and shovel tip 013 is pacified by fixing bolt Mounted in 012 front end of spade.
3. farmland incomplete film according to claim 1 recycles machine of working soil, which is characterized in that the conveying device includes minor sprocket 111, driving shaft 112, toothed belt 113, conveyer belt 114, driven shaft 115, toothed belt 116 and big sprocket wheel 117, driving shaft 112 It is fixedly mounted on fixed plate B 09, minor sprocket 111 and big sprocket wheel 117 are located at fixed plate B mounted on the both ends of driving shaft 112 09 outside, 114 both sides of conveyer belt are equipped with toothed belt 113, and toothed belt 113 is mounted in toothed belt 116, toothed belt 116 are mounted on driving shaft 112 and driven shaft 115.
4. farmland incomplete film according to claim 1 recycles machine of working soil, which is characterized in that the shake roller is by sprocket wheel 081, axis First 082, hollow shaft 083, fixed baffle 084 and hollow profiled roller 085 are constituted, and spindle nose 082 is welded on 083 both ends of hollow shaft, Gu Determine baffle 084 and hollow profiled roller 085 is fixedly welded in hollow shaft 083, sprocket wheel 081 is mounted on spindle nose 082, hollow shaft Both ends spindle nose on 083 is mounted on both sides fixed plate B 09, and sprocket wheel 081 is located at the outside of fixed plate B 09.
5. farmland incomplete film according to claim 1 recycles machine of working soil, which is characterized in that it includes case sieve that the collection film, which unloads film case, 061, fixation hollow square steel A 062, fixation hollow square steel B 063, bottom hollow rectangle steel 064, fixed pin 065, keep off diaphragm plate afterwards 066 and side plate 067, fixation hollow square steel B 063 are welded on 064 both ends of bottom hollow rectangle steel, and fixation hollow square steel A 062 is welded It is connected on above bottom hollow rectangle steel 064, side plate 067 is fixed on bolt and nut on fixation hollow square steel A 062, case sieve 061 On bottom hollow rectangle steel 064 and side plate 067, the rear diaphragm plate 066 that keeps off can be rotated up mounted on 067 rear end of side plate, Gu Rationed marketing 065 is mounted on case and sieves in 061 pin hole, and for keeping off diaphragm plate 066 after fixing, babinet is mounted on hollow square steel B 063, babinet Both sides fixation hollow square steel B 063 is fixed in rack 14.
CN201721840762.8U 2017-12-26 2017-12-26 Farmland incomplete film recycles machine of working soil Expired - Fee Related CN207783468U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721840762.8U CN207783468U (en) 2017-12-26 2017-12-26 Farmland incomplete film recycles machine of working soil

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721840762.8U CN207783468U (en) 2017-12-26 2017-12-26 Farmland incomplete film recycles machine of working soil

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207783468U true CN207783468U (en) 2018-08-31

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ID=63281040

Family Applications (1)

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CN201721840762.8U Expired - Fee Related CN207783468U (en) 2017-12-26 2017-12-26 Farmland incomplete film recycles machine of working soil

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112119685A (en) * 2020-09-30 2020-12-25 江苏艾威机械制造有限公司 Plastic film picking and conveying sorting system
CN112706316A (en) * 2020-11-14 2021-04-27 石河子大学 Incomplete membrane recovery unit with cleaning function
CN114731784A (en) * 2022-04-14 2022-07-12 新疆农业大学 Self-rotation film picking roller type all-tillage-layer residual film recycling machine and residual film recycling method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112119685A (en) * 2020-09-30 2020-12-25 江苏艾威机械制造有限公司 Plastic film picking and conveying sorting system
CN112119685B (en) * 2020-09-30 2023-08-11 江苏艾威机械制造有限公司 Mulch film picking and conveying sorting system
CN112706316A (en) * 2020-11-14 2021-04-27 石河子大学 Incomplete membrane recovery unit with cleaning function
CN112706316B (en) * 2020-11-14 2022-07-05 石河子大学 Incomplete membrane recovery unit with cleaning function
CN114731784A (en) * 2022-04-14 2022-07-12 新疆农业大学 Self-rotation film picking roller type all-tillage-layer residual film recycling machine and residual film recycling method

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180831

Termination date: 20211226