CN204539930U - A kind of ginger cleaning quantitatively vanning and crushed stalk briquetting combined harvester - Google Patents

A kind of ginger cleaning quantitatively vanning and crushed stalk briquetting combined harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204539930U
CN204539930U CN201520108380.0U CN201520108380U CN204539930U CN 204539930 U CN204539930 U CN 204539930U CN 201520108380 U CN201520108380 U CN 201520108380U CN 204539930 U CN204539930 U CN 204539930U
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China
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ginger
stalk
hairbrush
ginger block
block
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CN201520108380.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
戚德敏
王乾榆
张云龙
张增宝
孙宝柱
李长河
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Qingdao University of Technology
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Qingdao University of Technology
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of ginger cleaning quantitatively vanning and crushed stalk briquetting combined harvester, comprises support, stalk cutter sweep, straw conveyor, ginger block excavating gear, ginger block cleaning plant, Dynamic System cabin, ginger block gathering unit, stalk briquette device, soil rotary cultivator attachment and reaping machine moving device; The utility model is unearthed, multistage cleaning, quantitatively cases storages, the collection of ginger stalk, briquetting vanning for collection ginger, and turns in combine integrally in ginger field.Ginger stalk clearance rate >=98%, ginger block breakage rate≤2%, ginger block dig out rate >=98%, depth of turning soil can reach 400mm ~ 500mm.After ginger field is combined thus and done industry machine results, can directly the ginger block of vanning and the ginger straw transportation of briquetting be gone home, the work of digging in ginger field also completes, and whole results process, without the need to artificial participation, only needs mechanical work to complete.Ginger stalk after briquetting greatly reduces volume, is beneficial to transport.

Description

A kind of ginger cleaning quantitatively vanning and crushed stalk briquetting combined harvester
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of ginger cleaning quantitatively vanning and crushed stalk briquetting combined harvester.
Background technology
Ginger comprises altogether three parts in results process: the results of ginger block, the harvesting of stalk and the rotary tillage in ginger field.The results of current stalk, for being arbitrarily discarded in by field road after the harvesting of ginger field, are burned after natural air drying.Both pollute air, do not make good use of stalk well again.The results of ginger block adopt manually to be dug and mechanical harvest, and artificial results easily make ginger damaged, and length consuming time, efficiency is very low.Mechanical harvest substantially increases efficiency of crop, decreases the work of people, but mechanical harvest still needs artificial participation at present, does not have real being freed by manpower.Turning over of ginger field has carried out rotary tillage having gathered in the crops other machineries of turning over rear.Extend harvest time, add results cost.
China is the country of plantation ginger maximum in the world, constantly increases the demand of ginger along with on market, and the area of China's plantation is larger, and the output of ginger is increasing.Artificial results can not meet present situation, and therefore receiving ginger mechanization is following development trend.Below the machinery of current more advanced receipts ginger both domestic and external.
Within 1991, Japanese rattan wood, the great legendary ruler of great antiquity, the first of the Three August Ones have applied for the patent of ginger harvester.The operation principle of this machine is, ginger harvester is along the capable advance of ginger cultivation, first ginger stalk is imported straw shift wheel by nearside divider, then by straw shift wheel, ginger stalk is fed clamping band, by the stalk cutter sweep of straw shift wheel rear end seedling cut again and be transported to machine side surface, along with the motion of clamping band and the advance of machine, ginger stem block is extracted from underground by clamping band, thus completes ginger results.This machine is self-driven type reaping machine, integrates results, cuts seedling.But ginger stalk is not collected after harvesting, be scattered in ginger field and also need manually to pick up.Ginger block still needs artificial pickup after being taken out of, shears further, vanning.
Laiwu City agricultural machinery department of Shandong Province in 2002 have developed the 4JS-1 type ginger harvester with walking tractor matching, and the number of applying for a patent is 02270279.2.The operation principle of this machine is, when hand tractor advances, can first have standing header to be excised by stalk, and be sent to side Qing Long, have annular subsoiling plow to be dug by underground ginger rhizome pine subsequently, ginger block is shifted out soil by entirety and is not stirred, and ensure that the integrality of ginger block.Ginger stalk also needs artificial pickup to collect process, loses time.Ginger block also needs manpower to dig out, and machine just serves the strength saving some excavated by manual work ginger, does not complete the unearthed work of ginger.
Within 2005, Research Institute of Farm Machinery Science Shandong Province have developed 4GJ-1 type ginger harvester, and the number of applying for a patent is 200520083134.0.This machine operation principle is, ginger harvester is along the capable advance of ginger cultivation, and first ginger stalk is imported straw shift wheel by nearside divider, then by straw shift wheel, ginger stalk is fed clamping band, along with the motion of clamping band and the advance of machine, Jiang Miao and ginger block are extracted together from ground.Carry out stem by artificial scissors after extracting, the soil of cleaning adhesion, ginger block is cased.The stalk be scattered also not easy to clean, easily causes stalk to stay field.
The hollow town Luo Hong of Liaoning Province in 2006 Liaoyang County yellow mud bright utility model wheel V shape ginger harvester, the number of applying for a patent is 200620093152.1.This machine operation principle is, ginger harvester is under small tractor or hand tractor traction, and first wheel fork is inserted into ground movement in earth, and ginger stem block is held up, carry with have gentle hands light one, ginger block has just been suggested native face, then cut short ginger seedling with scissors, thus complete ginger results.This machine still continues the operation principle of above several machine, fundamentally manpower is not freed.
In February, 2014, Nanjing Ge Rui agricultural equipment Co., Ltd utility model is a kind of has a point digger blade for native function, the number of applying for a patent is 201420225270.8, it can not only be rooted out fast, excavate below rhizome, the soil block of attachment when rhizome is unearthed can also be screened out simultaneously, can be used for the harvest machinery of the rhizome plants such as potato, peanut, garlic, ginger, reduce soil-containing rate when rhizome is unearthed, improve the operating efficiency of follow-up Fen Tu mechanism.But its unicity determines it can not liberate labour in field widely.
In July, 2014, Agricultural University Of Nanjing proposes the instant straw collecting in a kind of field, pulverizing, forming integrated machine, the number of applying for a patent is 201420377679.1, power input shaft on all-in-one is connected with the power take-off of tractor, sends power to pick-up mechanism, disintegrating mechanism, forming machanism respectively by belt wheel.But it is applied to unit, patch, do not solve the demand of associating, intensive operation well.
Above machine just completes the excision of ginger stalk and loosening the soil or unearthed work of ginger block simply, does not complete machine cleaning ginger block, collects ginger block, straw collecting and process problem.In ginger results process, still need the input of a large amount of manpower, labour is not freed.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of ginger cleaning quantitatively vanning and crushed stalk briquetting combined harvester, this reaping machine collection ginger be unearthed, cleaning, collect, ginger straw harvesting, collection and briquetting and ginger field are turned in one, complete three courses of work of ginger results with settling at one go, while alleviating people's work, improve efficiency of crop.
In order to solve above technical problem, the technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of ginger cleaning quantitatively vanning and crushed stalk briquetting combined harvester, comprises support, stalk cutter sweep, straw conveyor, ginger block excavating gear, ginger block cleaning plant, Dynamic System cabin, ginger block gathering unit, stalk briquette device, soil rotary cultivator attachment and reaping machine moving device;
Wherein, described support is installed stalk cutter sweep, straw conveyor, ginger block excavating gear and ginger block cleaning plant, stalk cutter sweep is installed on support foremost, straw conveyor is installed on the top of stalk cutter sweep, ginger block excavating gear is arranged on the below of stalk cutter sweep, ginger block cleaning plant is arranged on the discharge end of ginger block excavating gear, Dynamic System cabin is arranged on the rear of described support, described ginger block gathering unit, stalk briquette device and soil rotary cultivator attachment are arranged on the rear in described Dynamic System cabin, and described ginger block gathering unit is arranged on the discharge end of ginger block cleaning plant, stalk briquette device is arranged on the discharge end of straw conveyor, ginger block gathering unit is arranged on the discharge end of stalk briquette device, soil rotary cultivator attachment is arranged on the below of ginger block gathering unit, described reaping machine moving device is arranged on the bottom in Dynamic System cabin.
Described stalk cutter sweep is stalk cutting gear.
Described straw conveyor comprise for by the auger of crushed stalk cutting conveyer, be used for by cutting after stalk dial in auger cutting conveyer the vertical cingulum conveyer of transverse direction, be used for by pulverize after stalk conveying straw transportation device and stalk guide groove; The vertical cingulum conveyer of described transverse direction is arranged on the top of auger cutting conveyer, and described straw transportation device is arranged on the discharge end of auger cutting conveyer and is positioned at the top in described Dynamic System cabin, and described stalk guide groove is arranged on the discharge end of straw transportation device.
Described ginger block excavating gear comprises digger blade, digger blade fixed support, for making digger blade produce the dynamic cam set of front and back shovel and the head rod group for cam set being connected with digger blade fixed support, described cam set comprises the first cam and the second cam that lay respectively at the digger blade left and right sides.
Described ginger block cleaning plant is three grades of vibratory sieve soil series systems, comprise primary vibration guipure, secondary vibration sieve and three grades of rolling hairbrush groups, wherein, primary vibration guipure discharging opening is inclined upwardly, it is arranged on the rear of ginger block excavating gear, the primary vibration guipure driving chain that the side of primary vibration guipure is provided with primary vibration guipure main shaft for driving described primary vibration guipure to rotate, primary vibration guipure auxiliary spindle and is linked on primary vibration guipure auxiliary spindle and primary vibration guipure main shaft; Secondary vibration sieve is installed on the discharge end of primary vibration guipure, the end of secondary vibration sieve is provided with the high frequency oscillator for making secondary vibration sieve vibration, secondary vibration sieve side be provided with for drive secondary vibration sieve rotate secondary vibration sieve main shaft, secondary vibration sieve auxiliary spindle and be linked in secondary vibration sieve main shaft and secondary vibration sieve auxiliary spindle secondary vibration sieve driving belt, secondary vibration sieve the direction of motion vertical with the direction of motion of primary vibration guipure;
Described three grades of rolling hairbrush groups are arranged on the discharge end of secondary vibration sieve, three grades of rolling hairbrush groups comprise upper and lower two-layer hairbrush group, hair in lower floor's hairbrush group is short close and hard hair, the hair of the upper strata rolling hairbrush in the hairbrush group of upper strata is elongated and soft hair, and the number of upper strata rolling hairbrush is less than the number of hairbrush in lower floor's hairbrush group; The side of three grades of rolling hairbrush groups is provided with the lower floor's hairbrush interlock belt for driving described lower floor hairbrush group to rotate, each upper strata rolling hairbrush in the hairbrush group of upper strata is provided with upper strata hairbrush connection rotating shaft, the lower floor's hairbrush matched with each upper strata rolling hairbrush in lower floor's hairbrush group is provided with lower floor's hairbrush connection rotating shaft, between upper strata hairbrush connection rotating shaft and the lower floor's hairbrush connection rotating shaft matched with it, the hairbrush be up and down provided with for driving rolling hairbrush in upper strata to rotate links belt, and the rotation direction of upper strata hairbrush group is contrary with the direction of motion of lower floor's hairbrush group.
Described ginger block gathering unit comprises ginger block slideway, ginger block collects interior case, ginger block collects outer container and limit alarm device, described ginger block slideway and ginger block are collected interior case and are communicated, ginger block is collected interior case and is arranged on ginger block collection outer container inner upper end, and limit alarm device is arranged on the lower end that ginger block collects outer container inside; Described ginger block is collected interior case and can be moved up and down in ginger block collection outer container.
The bottom even that described ginger block collects interior case is fixed with the identical spring of some coefficient of elasticity, and the lower end of spring is all fixed on spring fastening.
Described stalk briquette device comprises hopper, feeding gate, straw collecting room, briquetting axle and goes out block door, described hopper is positioned at the top of stalk briquette device, feeding gate is positioned at the lower end of hopper, straw collecting room is positioned at the lower end of feeding gate, briquetting axle is fixed on the outside of straw collecting room sidewall, described go out block door be positioned at the lower end of straw collecting room, the sidewall interfixed in straw collecting room and between briquetting axle can slide along straw collecting room under the thrust of briquetting axle, and then compression stalk.
Described soil rotary cultivator attachment is provided with some screw blades, and described soil rotary cultivator attachment can unload from reaping machine.
Described reaping machine moving device is crawler belt traveler.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, the utility model is unearthed, multistage cleaning, quantitatively cases storages, the collection of ginger stalk, briquetting vanning for collection ginger, and turns in combine integrally in ginger field.Ginger stalk clearance rate >=98%, ginger block breakage rate≤2%, ginger block dig out rate >=98%, depth of turning soil can reach 400mm ~ 500mm.
2, the utility model go for blackland, sandy soil etc. the harvest operation on multiple soil, easily can tackle the larger resistance of different humidity soil, even more rigid soil, ensure that the advance running job of machinery.
3, after ginger field is combined thus and done industry machine results, can directly the ginger block of vanning and the ginger straw transportation of briquetting be gone home, the work of digging in ginger field also completes, and whole results process, without the need to artificial participation, only needs mechanical work to complete.
4, just can store after the ginger block after results only needs to carry out simple micro-cleaning and tip removing work.Ginger stalk after briquetting greatly reduces volume, is beneficial to transport.Prevent ginger stalk to leave over the infringement of Yu Jiangtian to soil, the ginger stalk after simultaneously can utilizing briquetting carries out cultivating other use such as flat bacterium mushroom, has accomplished to turn waste into wealth.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is left view of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is the front view of ginger block gathering system of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is that overlooking of the utility model Fig. 4 partly cuts open figure;
Fig. 6 is the front view of the vertical cingulum conveyer of transverse direction of the present utility model;
Fig. 7 is the end view of the utility model Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the front view of the utility model auger conveyer;
Fig. 9 is the end view of the utility model Fig. 8;
Figure 10 be three grades of vibratory sieve soil series of the present utility model system vertical view;
Figure 11 is the end view of the third level vibratory sieve soil series of the present utility model system;
Figure 12 is the structural representation of vibration digger blade of the present utility model;
Figure 13 is the structural representation of stalk conveyer of the present utility model;
Figure 14 a is the front view of stalk conveyer of the present utility model;
Figure 14 b is the left view of stalk conveyer of the present utility model;
Figure 14 c is the vertical view of stalk conveyer of the present utility model;
Figure 15 a is the front view of briquetting gathering unit of the present utility model;
Figure 15 b is the left view of briquetting gathering unit of the present utility model;
Figure 15 c is the vertical view of briquetting gathering unit of the present utility model;
Figure 16 is the structural representation of soil of the present utility model rotary cultivator attachment;
Figure 17 is the end view of the utility model soil rotary cultivator attachment.
Wherein: 1-ginger block gathering unit, 2-stalk briquette device, 3-Dynamic System cabin, 4-stalk guide groove, 5-straw transportation device, 6-tri-grades of rolling hairbrush groups, 7-is vertical cingulum conveyer laterally, 8-auger cutting conveyer, 9-stalk cutting gear, 10-primary vibration guipure, 11-secondary vibration is sieved, 12-digger blade, 13-support, 14-crawler belt traveler, 15-soil rotary cultivator attachment, 16-ginger block collects interior case, 17-ginger block collects outer container, 18-limit alarm device, 19-wave slideway, 20-first spring, 21-second spring, 22-the 3rd spring, 23-the 4th spring, 24-spring fastening, 25-upper strata rolling hairbrush, 26-lower floor hairbrush connection rotating shaft, 27-upper and lower hairbrush interlock belt, 28-upper strata hairbrush connection rotating shaft, 29-high frequency oscillator, 30-first cam, 31-digger blade shovel face, 32-head rod, 33-feeding gate, 34-goes out block door, 35-hopper, 36-briquetting axle, 37-first support bar, 38-second support bar, 39-second connecting rod, 40-turns round blade, 41-lower floor hairbrush interlock belt, the rotating shaft of 42-auger, 43-auger shaft gear, 44-is vertical cingulum conveyer shaft gear laterally, 45-is the rotating shaft of vertical cingulum conveyer laterally, 46-first fixed support, 47-second fixed support, 48-the 3rd fixed support, 49-the 4th fixed support, 50-straw transportation device lower end fixed axis, 51-stalk conveyer belt, the rotating shaft of 52-rotary cultivator attachment, 53-primary vibration guipure auxiliary spindle, 54-primary vibration guipure main shaft, 55-secondary vibration sieve main shaft, 56-secondary vibration sieve auxiliary spindle, 57-primary vibration guipure driving chain, 58-secondary vibration sieve driving belt, 59-second cam, 60-engine.
Embodiment:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, the utility model is described further.
From Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Figure 12, Figure 13, Figure 14 a, Figure 14 b and Figure 14 c, a kind of ginger cleaning quantitatively vanning and crushed stalk briquetting combined harvester, comprises support 13, stalk cutter sweep, straw conveyor, ginger block excavating gear, ginger block cleaning plant, Dynamic System cabin 3, ginger block gathering unit 1, stalk briquette device 2, soil rotary cultivator attachment 15 and reaping machine moving device;
Wherein, described support 13 is installed stalk cutter sweep, straw conveyor, ginger block excavating gear and ginger block cleaning plant, stalk cutter sweep is installed on support foremost, straw conveyor is installed on the top of stalk cutter sweep, ginger block cleaning plant is arranged on the discharge end of ginger block excavating gear, Dynamic System cabin 3 is arranged on the rear of described support 13, described ginger block gathering unit, stalk briquette device and soil rotary cultivator attachment 15 are arranged on the rear in described Dynamic System cabin 3, and described ginger block gathering unit is arranged on the discharge end of ginger block cleaning plant, stalk briquette device is arranged on the discharge end of straw conveyor, ginger block gathering unit is arranged on the discharge end of stalk briquette device, soil rotary cultivator attachment 15 is by the first support bar 37, second support bar 38 and the second connecting rod 39 are arranged on the below of ginger block collecting box, described reaping machine moving device is arranged on the bottom in Dynamic System cabin 3.
Described reaping machine moving device is crawler belt traveler 14.
Support 13 and Dynamic System cabin 3 link together, and can realize moving up and down by a small margin of support.
Described stalk cutter sweep is stalk cutting gear 9.
Described straw conveyor comprises for the auger of crushed stalk being cut conveyer 8, being used for the vertical cingulum conveyer 7 of transverse direction that the stalk after by cutting dials in auger cutting conveyer 8 and the stalk conveyer belt 51 be used in the straw transportation device 5 of the stalk conveying after by pulverizing; The vertical cingulum conveyer 7 of described transverse direction is arranged on the top of auger cutting conveyer 8, and described straw transportation device 5 is arranged on the discharge end of auger cutting conveyer 8 and is positioned at the top in described Dynamic System cabin 3, and the discharging opening of straw transportation device 5 is provided with stalk guide groove 4.
The straw transportation device lower end fixed axis 50 that the left and right sides of the feed end of straw transportation device 5 has the first fixed support 46 and the second fixed support 47 to support supports, and the discharge end of straw transportation device 5 is supported by the 3rd fixed support 48 and the 4th fixed support 49.
Described ginger block excavating gear comprises digger blade 12, digger blade fixed support, for making digger blade produce the dynamic cam set of front and back shovel and the head rod 32 groups for cam set being connected with digger blade fixed support, described cam set comprises the first cam 30 and the second cam 59 laying respectively at the digger blade left and right sides.Cam power is from being arranged in Dynamic System cabin 3 engine 60, under the drive of chain, first cam 30 and the second cam 59 carry out high-speed rotation thus drive digger blade to shovel face 31 by head rod 32 groups carrying out shoveling before and after high speed moving, being transported on primary vibration guipure 10 by ginger block together with soil.
From Fig. 4, Fig. 5, described ginger block gathering unit comprises ginger block wave slideway 19, ginger block collects interior case 16, ginger block collects outer container 17 and limit alarm device 18, described ginger block wave slideway 19 and ginger block are collected interior case 16 and are communicated, ginger block is collected interior case 16 and is arranged on ginger block collection outer container 17 inner upper end, and limit alarm device 18 is arranged on the lower end that ginger block collects outer container 17 inside; Described ginger block is collected interior case 16 and can be moved up and down in ginger block collection outer container 17.
The bottom even that described ginger block collects interior case 16 is fixed with some coefficient of elasticity identical the first spring 20, second spring 21, the 3rd spring 22 and the 4th spring 23, and the lower end of spring is fixed on spring fastening 24.Ginger block after cleaning is case 16 in wave slideway 19 landing ginger block is collected, ginger block is collected interior case 16 and can be moved up and down in ginger block collection outer container 17, after in ginger block is collected, the ginger block of constant weight collected by case 16, ginger block is collected interior case 16 and is slipped down to certain position, touching limit alarm device 18 makes it send prompting, impels people to change case.
From Fig. 6, Fig. 7, driving chain drives laterally vertical cingulum conveyer rotating shaft 45 to rotate by horizontal vertical cingulum conveyer shaft gear 44, thus impels laterally vertical cingulum conveyer 7 to stir stalk to enter in auger cutting conveyer 8.
From Fig. 8, Fig. 9, auger cutting conveyer 8 is GX type auger cutting conveyer.Whole auger is driven by auger shaft gear 43 by auger rotating shaft 42 and moves, and is smashed by stalk and is transported on conveyer belt 51, auger rotating shaft 42 is provided with revolution blade 40.
From Figure 10, Figure 11, described ginger block cleaning plant is three grades of vibratory sieve soil series systems, comprise primary vibration guipure 10, secondary vibration sieve 11 and three grades of rolling hairbrush groups 6, wherein, primary vibration guipure 10 discharging opening is inclined upwardly, it is arranged on the rear of ginger block excavating gear, the primary vibration guipure driving chain 57 that the side of primary vibration guipure 10 is provided with primary vibration guipure main shaft 54 for driving described primary vibration guipure 10 to rotate, primary vibration guipure auxiliary spindle 53 and is linked on primary vibration guipure auxiliary spindle 53 and primary vibration guipure main shaft 54; Secondary vibration sieve 11 is installed on the discharge end of primary vibration guipure 10, the end of secondary vibration sieve 11 is provided with the first high frequency oscillator 29 for making secondary vibration sieve 11 vibrations, the side of secondary vibration sieve 11 is provided with for driving secondary vibration to sieve the 11 secondary vibration sieve main shafts 55 rotated, secondary vibration sieve auxiliary spindle 56 and being linked in the secondary vibration sieve driving belt 58 of secondary vibration sieve main shaft 55 and secondary vibration sieve auxiliary spindle 56, and the direction of motion of secondary vibration sieve 11 is vertical with the direction of motion of primary vibration guipure 10.
Described three grades of rolling hairbrush groups 6 are arranged on the discharge end of secondary vibration sieve 11, three grades of rolling hairbrush groups 6 comprise upper and lower two-layer hairbrush group, hair in lower floor's hairbrush group is short close and hard hair, the hair of the upper strata rolling hairbrush 25 of upper strata hairbrush group is elongated and soft hair, and the number of upper strata rolling hairbrush 25 is less than the number of hairbrush in lower floor's hairbrush group; The side of three grades of rolling hairbrush groups is provided with the lower floor's hairbrush interlock belt 41 for driving described lower floor hairbrush group to rotate, each upper strata rolling hairbrush in the hairbrush group of upper strata is provided with upper strata hairbrush connection rotating shaft 28, the lower floor's hairbrush matched with upper strata rolling hairbrush in lower floor's hairbrush group is provided with lower floor's hairbrush connection rotating shaft 26, between upper strata hairbrush connection rotating shaft 28 and the lower floor's hairbrush connection rotating shaft 26 matched with it, the hairbrush be up and down provided with for driving upper strata hairbrush group to rotate links belt 27, and the rotation direction of upper strata hairbrush group is contrary with the direction of motion of lower floor's hairbrush group.
The primary vibration guipure auxiliary spindle 53 of primary vibration guipure 10 in side carries out uniform motion under driving, and most of grogs can to fall back ground by the mesh on it.Secondary vibration sieve 11 drives motion at the uniform velocity through side secondary vibration sieve main shaft 55, vibrates by a small margin at high speed simultaneously, the small clod be connected shaken with ginger block under the drive of the first high frequency oscillator 29, to fall back ground through mesh.Three grades of rolling hairbrush groups 6 are made up of upper and lower two-layer hairbrush.Rolling and be printed with three in upper strata, rolling hairbrush in upper strata is elongated softer hair.Lower floor is printed with 16, hairbrush is short close harder hair.
Lower floor's hairbrush is linked by side lower floor hairbrush, and belt 41 is unified drives rotation, and while cleaning ginger block, transport ginger block transports backward.Lower floor's hairbrush connection rotating shaft 26 of lower floor's hairbrush the 2nd, 8,14 hairbrush has 3 identical driving belts 27 drive upper strata hairbrush connection rotating shaft 28 to rotate, the continental quilt of three upper strata rolling hairbrush against ginger block transmission direction to the last cleaning of ginger block upper surface.
From Figure 15 a, Figure 15 b and Figure 15 c, described stalk briquette device comprises hopper 35, feeding gate 33, straw collecting room, briquetting axle 36 and goes out block door 34, described hopper 35 is positioned at the top of stalk briquette device, feeding gate is positioned at the lower end of hopper 35, straw collecting room is positioned at the lower end of feeding gate 33, briquetting axle 36 is positioned at the side of straw collecting room, described in go out the lower end that block door 34 is positioned at straw collecting room.Stalk falls into hopper 35, and after below hopper 35, osculum falls into feeding gate 33, briquetting axle 36 pairs of stalk fragments extrude, and falls into ginger block collect interior case 16 after stalk becomes block by discharging opening 34.
From Figure 16, Figure 17, described soil rotary cultivator attachment 15 is provided with some screw blades, and described soil rotary cultivator attachment 15 can unload from reaping machine, and can move up and down.
First, ginger block shovels on primary vibration guipure 10 by digger blade 12 together with soil, primary vibration guipure 10 is in the process of conveying, most soil is separated with ginger block, ginger block is fallen on secondary vibration sieve 11 after being transported to top, secondary vibration sieve 11 carries out transverse judders transport at a high speed, and the soil block of adhesion on ginger block will drop the overwhelming majority.Then ginger block enters three grades of rolling hairbrush groups 6 and carries out last cleaning, and the ginger block after cleaning is transported in ginger block gathering system 1 and quantitatively cases.First straw collecting cuts gear 9 straw cutting by stalk, and the stalk of cut-out dials in auger conveyer 8 by horizontal vertical cingulum conveyer 7, and be transported on straw transportation device 5 through smashing, stalk enters in the stalk guide groove 4 of back upper place, Dynamic System cabin 3 subsequently.Finally enter in ginger stalk briquette system 2 and carry out briquetting collection.Be soil rotary cultivator attachment 15 below ginger block collecting box, soil rotary cultivator attachment 15 screw blade 40 High Rotation Speed under the drive of rotary cultivator attachment rotating shaft 52 can carry out rotary tillage to ginger field, and this device can unload, with satisfied different needs.
By reference to the accompanying drawings embodiment of the present utility model is described although above-mentioned; but the restriction not to utility model protection scope; one of ordinary skill in the art should be understood that; on the basis of the technical solution of the utility model, those skilled in the art do not need to pay various amendment or distortion that creative work can make still in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. ginger cleaning quantitatively vanning and a crushed stalk briquetting combined harvester, is characterized in that: comprise support, stalk cutter sweep, straw conveyor, ginger block excavating gear, ginger block cleaning plant, Dynamic System cabin, ginger block gathering unit, stalk briquette device, soil rotary cultivator attachment and reaping machine moving device;
Wherein, on the bracket stalk cutter sweep, straw conveyor, ginger block excavating gear and ginger block cleaning plant are installed, stalk cutter sweep is installed on support foremost, straw conveyor is installed on the top of stalk cutter sweep, ginger block excavating gear is arranged on the below of stalk cutter sweep, ginger block cleaning plant is arranged on the discharge end of ginger block excavating gear, Dynamic System cabin is arranged on the rear of described support, described ginger block gathering unit, stalk briquette device and soil rotary cultivator attachment are arranged on the rear in described Dynamic System cabin, and described ginger block gathering unit is arranged on the discharge end of ginger block cleaning plant, stalk briquette device is arranged on the discharge end of straw conveyor, ginger block gathering unit is arranged on the discharge end of stalk briquette device, soil rotary cultivator attachment is arranged on the below of ginger block gathering unit, described reaping machine moving device is arranged on the bottom in Dynamic System cabin.
2. combined harvester according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described stalk cutter sweep is stalk cutting gear.
3. combined harvester according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described straw conveyor comprise for by the auger of crushed stalk cutting conveyer, be used for by cutting after stalk dial in auger cutting conveyer the vertical cingulum conveyer of transverse direction, be used for by pulverize after stalk conveying straw transportation device and stalk guide groove; The vertical cingulum conveyer of described transverse direction is arranged on the top of auger cutting conveyer, and described straw transportation device is arranged on the discharge end of auger cutting conveyer and is positioned at the top in described Dynamic System cabin, and described stalk guide groove is arranged on the discharge end of straw transportation device.
4. combined harvester according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described ginger block excavating gear comprises digger blade, digger blade fixed support, for making digger blade produce the dynamic cam set of front and back shovel and the head rod group for cam set being connected with digger blade fixed support, described cam set comprises the first cam and the second cam that lay respectively at the digger blade left and right sides.
5. combined harvester according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described ginger block cleaning plant is three grades of vibratory sieve soil series systems, comprise primary vibration guipure, secondary vibration sieve and three grades of rolling hairbrush groups, wherein, primary vibration guipure discharging opening is inclined upwardly, it is arranged on the rear of ginger block excavating gear, the side of primary vibration guipure is provided with the primary vibration guipure auxiliary spindle for driving described primary vibration guipure to rotate, primary vibration guipure main shaft and the primary vibration guipure driving chain be linked on primary vibration guipure auxiliary spindle and primary vibration guipure main shaft, secondary vibration sieve is installed on the discharge end of primary vibration guipure, the end of secondary vibration sieve is provided with the high frequency oscillator for making secondary vibration sieve vibration, secondary vibration sieve side be provided with for drive secondary vibration sieve rotate secondary vibration sieve main shaft, secondary vibration sieve auxiliary spindle and be linked in secondary vibration sieve main shaft and secondary vibration sieve auxiliary spindle secondary vibration sieve driving belt, secondary vibration sieve the direction of motion vertical with the direction of motion of primary vibration guipure,
Described three grades of rolling hairbrush groups are arranged on the discharge end of secondary vibration sieve, three grades of rolling hairbrush groups comprise upper and lower two-layer hairbrush group, hair in lower floor's hairbrush group is short close and hard hair, the hair of the upper strata rolling hairbrush in the hairbrush group of upper strata is elongated and soft hair, and the number of upper strata rolling hairbrush is less than the number of hairbrush in lower floor's hairbrush group; The side of three grades of rolling hairbrush groups is provided with the lower floor's hairbrush interlock belt for driving described lower floor hairbrush group to rotate, each upper strata rolling hairbrush in the hairbrush group of upper strata is provided with upper strata hairbrush connection rotating shaft, the lower floor's hairbrush matched with each upper strata rolling hairbrush in lower floor's hairbrush group is provided with lower floor's hairbrush connection rotating shaft, between upper strata hairbrush connection rotating shaft and the lower floor's hairbrush connection rotating shaft matched with it, the hairbrush be up and down provided with for driving rolling hairbrush in upper strata to rotate links belt, and the rotation direction of upper strata hairbrush group is contrary with the direction of motion of lower floor's hairbrush group.
6. combined harvester according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described ginger block gathering unit comprises ginger block slideway, ginger block collects interior case, ginger block collects outer container and limit alarm device, described ginger block slideway and ginger block are collected interior case and are communicated, ginger block is collected interior case and is arranged on the upper end that ginger block collects outer container inside, and limit alarm device is arranged on the lower end that ginger block collects outer container inside; Described ginger block is collected interior case and can be moved up and down in ginger block collection outer container.
7. combined harvester according to claim 6, is characterized in that: the bottom even that described ginger block collects interior case is fixed with the identical spring of some coefficient of elasticity, and the lower end of spring is all fixed on spring fastening.
8. combined harvester according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described stalk briquette device comprises hopper, feeding gate, straw collecting room, briquetting axle and go out block door, described hopper is positioned at the top of stalk briquette device, feeding gate is positioned at the lower end of hopper, straw collecting room is positioned at the lower end of feeding gate, briquetting axle is fixed on the outside of straw collecting room sidewall, described go out block door be positioned at the lower end of straw collecting room, the sidewall interfixed in straw collecting room and between briquetting axle can slide along straw collecting room under the thrust of briquetting axle, and then compression stalk.
9. combined harvester according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described soil rotary cultivator attachment is provided with some screw blades, and described soil rotary cultivator attachment can unload from described combined harvester.
10. combined harvester according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described reaping machine moving device is crawler belt traveler.
CN201520108380.0U 2015-02-13 2015-02-13 A kind of ginger cleaning quantitatively vanning and crushed stalk briquetting combined harvester Withdrawn - After Issue CN204539930U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104641781A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-05-27 青岛理工大学 Fresh ginger cleaning and quantitative packing and straw chopping and pressing combine harvester
CN105993360A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-12 华中农业大学 Harvesting machine for water chestnuts in paddy field
CN108811682A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-11-16 合肥亚卡普机械科技有限公司 It is a kind of to facilitate the grass trimmer for collecting forage

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104641781A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-05-27 青岛理工大学 Fresh ginger cleaning and quantitative packing and straw chopping and pressing combine harvester
CN105993360A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-12 华中农业大学 Harvesting machine for water chestnuts in paddy field
CN105993360B (en) * 2016-05-30 2018-02-16 华中农业大学 Paddy field water chestnut harvester
CN108811682A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-11-16 合肥亚卡普机械科技有限公司 It is a kind of to facilitate the grass trimmer for collecting forage

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