CN1316874C - Manufacture of plates from plant wastes for prevention of environment - Google Patents

Manufacture of plates from plant wastes for prevention of environment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1316874C
CN1316874C CNB021588473A CN02158847A CN1316874C CN 1316874 C CN1316874 C CN 1316874C CN B021588473 A CNB021588473 A CN B021588473A CN 02158847 A CN02158847 A CN 02158847A CN 1316874 C CN1316874 C CN 1316874C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seed
plant
cake
plate
board
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Application number
CNB021588473A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1509598A (en
Inventor
袁康培
孙国勇
徐礼根
周露琼
徐静
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浙江大学
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Application filed by 浙江大学 filed Critical 浙江大学
Priority to CNB021588473A priority Critical patent/CN1316874C/en
Publication of CN1509598A publication Critical patent/CN1509598A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1316874C publication Critical patent/CN1316874C/en

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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

The present invention relates to a method for producing a board for cultivating plants, which belongs to the fields of agriculture and forestry. In the present invention, stalks, rice husks, rice chaff, wheat bran, corn cobs, peanut shells, cottonseed shells, coconut shells, bagasse, sweet potato vines, soybean curb residue, bean cakes, rapeseed cakes, tea seed cakes, castor bean oil cakes, chip, wood fiber, shavings, paper pulp, bark, leaves, Chinese medicine residue, fermentation plant leftovers, culture medium leftovers of edible fungi, plant ash, peat, coal slag, vermiculite, perlite and haydite are used as raw materials; water retention agents, adhesives, fertilizer, etc. are added; a dry board(a board for cultivating plants) which comprises or does not comprise plant seeds is pressed by a mechanical method after blending, and the thickness of the board is from 0.1cm to 30cm. The board for cultivating plants comprises nutrients required for plant growth, and has the characteristics of no soil, water saving, environment protection, convenient transport and paving. The board can be produced in factories, and can be used as a carrier for the seed germination growth and the nutrient body cutting propagation of various plants, particularly lawn grass. The present invention is suitable for conventional afforestation and ecological reconstruction in specific environments.

Description

The preparation method of environment-friendly type plate from plant wastes
Technical field is a kind of to be that primary raw material is made the method for the carrier plate (abbreviation plate from plant wastes) of plant growing with the crop discarded object, belongs to agricultural and field of forestry.
Background technology kind grass is requisite means in urban afforestation, the earth greening, greening side slope, the west area desert treatment.The soil species implant model that has that the tradition lawn produces can bring severe impairment to ecotope.It will---emerging,---Cheng Miao---Cheng Ping---shovels several stages such as (rising) turf through the grass-seed sowing.Generally need keep the thick soil layer of about 2cm for the protection grass roots during turfing take.The plow layer of turf production base has only 20~30cm, produces turf so repeatedly, and the most fertile plow layer of soil will be stripped from the several years totally, cause soil depletion, salinization of soil, desertification, even lay idle, again can't plant plant later on.Tradition has soil species implant model production lawn need expend a large amount of moisture, and heavy pressure is brought in the countries and regions of this feedwater inadequate resource.
Though several lawn soilless culture production methods are arranged as planting appearances such as living band method, plastic wire method, nonwoven method, plastic film method at present, what have has declared patent, the problems such as not having soil, water saving, environmental protection of all failing ideally to solve simultaneously.
Summary of the invention for overcome the prior art means at lawn (turf) though, the invention provides a kind of preparation method of not having soil, water saving, environment-friendly type plate from plant wastes though soil is arranged in the production or do not have soil but do not economize on water or do not have soil but the deficiency of not environmental protection (nonwoven fabric of synthetic fibre being deposited in the soil of green land).
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: with paddy rice, barley, wheat, naked oats, corn, soybean, peanut, rape, fiber crops, cotton stalk, rice husk, rice chaff, wheat bran, corncob, peanut shell, cotton seed hulls, cocoa husk, bagasse, sweet potato vine, soybean curb residue, soya-bean cake, colza cake, tea seed cake, castor-oil plant oil cake, wood chip, xylem fibre, wood shavings, paper pulp, bark, leaf, Chinese medicine slag, fermentation plant offcuts, edible fungus culture medium offcuts, ash, peat, cinder, vermiculite, perlite, haydite, fertilizer, inorganic fertilizer and microbial manure are raw material, add water-loss reducer and adhesive, add or do not add plant seed, after mixing, suppress the thick carrier plate of 0.1~30cm for plant growing with Mechanical Method.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: this plate from plant wastes contains seed germination and the various nutrients of necessary for plant growth; Contain water-loss reducer, can reduce the water consumption in seed germination and the growing process; Do not contain conventional soil, can reduce the harm of soil-borne disease, worm, weeds; With the crop discarded object is primary raw material, does not cause environmental pollution, for a new way has been opened up in the comprehensive utilization of crop discarded object; But batch production is produced in enormous quantities, and transportation, laying, maintenance are conveniently, and be time saving and energy saving; The carrier that can be used as turfgrass seed, grass seed, flower seed, forest tree seed, medicinal material seed, crop seed, melon and fruit and vegetable seeds and phytoma cottage propagation; Except that routine greening, afforest in arid, lack of water, soil saline and alkaline and the serious area of desertifying, aspects such as the returning farmland to grassland in west area, ecological reconstruction also have broad application prospects.
Embodiment
1, raw material is handled: with the stalk of paddy rice, barley, wheat, naked oats, corn, soybean, peanut, rape, fiber crops, cotton, rice husk, rice chaff, wheat bran, corncob, peanut shell, cotton seed hulls, cocoa husk, bagasse, sweet potato vine, soybean curb residue, soya-bean cake, colza cake, tea seed cake, castor-oil plant oil cake, wood chip, xylem fibre, wood shavings, paper pulp, bark, leaf, one or more in the Chinese medicine slag or all smash into thread, bulk to pieces or pulverulent mixture.
2, mixture process: mixture inserts the microorganism fungus kind that belongs to the non-plant pathogen and carries out solid fermentation after high-temperature sterilization; Or directly insert the microorganism fungus kind that belongs to the non-plant pathogen without high-temperature sterilization and carry out solid fermentation; Or only through high-temperature sterilization and azymic; Or the also azymic of neither sterilizing.
3, the compacting of no seed plate from plant wastes: in the mixture after processing, add or do not add in fermentation plant offcuts, edible fungus culture medium offcuts, ash, peat, cinder, vermiculite, perlite, haydite, fertilizer, inorganic fertilizer and the microbial manure one or more or all, add water-loss reducer and adhesive, fully mix, suppress the thick plate of 0.1~30cm with Mechanical Method and be no seed plate from plant wastes (blank plate from plant wastes).The carrier that can be used as plant seeding or nourish and generate.
4, the compacting of seed plate from plant wastes is arranged: in the manufacturing process of above-mentioned no seed plate from plant wastes, can add turfgrass seed, grass seed, flower seed, forest tree seed, medicinal material seed, crop seed, melon and fruit and vegetable seeds as required, seed can be scattered in equably arbitrary aspect of plate inside as required, or be in the surface of plate, made the seed plate from plant wastes.Can directly sod on the level land or the slope, the back seed that waters gets final product imbibition, sprouting.
5, the drying of plate from plant wastes: because high temperature can reduce the vigor of plant seed and microorganism, plate from plant wastes seed-bearing and/or that contain microbial manure must adopt cold drying, other adopted high-temperature drying method.
6, the packing of plate from plant wastes, storing: dried plate from plant wastes can neatly be stacked in the packing case and store and transport, and takes out during construction to lay to get final product.

Claims (7)

1, the preparation method of one plant growth plate is characterized in that: with paddy rice, barley, wheat, naked oats, corn, soybean, peanut, rape, fiber crops, cotton stalk, rice husk, rice chaff, wheat bran, corncob, peanut shell, cotton seed hulls, cocoa husk, bagasse, sweet potato vine, soybean curb residue, soya-bean cake, colza cake, tea seed cake, castor-oil plant oil cake, wood chip, xylem fibre, wood shavings, paper pulp, bark, leaf, Chinese medicine slag, the fermentation plant offcuts, edible fungus culture medium offcuts, ash, peat, cinder, vermiculite, perlite, haydite, fertilizer, inorganic fertilizer and microbial manure are raw material, add water-loss reducer and adhesive, suppress plate as the plant growing carrier with Mechanical Method.
2, preparation method as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the stalk of paddy rice, barley, wheat, naked oats, corn, soybean, peanut, rape, fiber crops, cotton, rice husk, rice chaff, wheat bran, corncob, peanut shell, cotton seed hulls, cocoa husk, bagasse, sweet potato vine, soybean curb residue, soya-bean cake, colza cake, tea seed cake, castor-oil plant oil cake, wood chip, xylem fibre, wood shavings, paper pulp, bark, leaf, Chinese medicine slag was handled through microbial fermentation earlier before compacting.
3, preparation method as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the stalk of paddy rice, barley, wheat, naked oats, corn, soybean, peanut, rape, fiber crops, cotton, rice husk, rice chaff, wheat bran, corncob, peanut shell, cotton seed hulls, cocoa husk, bagasse, sweet potato vine, soybean curb residue, soya-bean cake, colza cake, tea seed cake, castor-oil plant oil cake, wood chip, xylem fibre, wood shavings, paper pulp, bark, leaf, Chinese medicine slag was handled without microbial fermentation before compacting.
4, preparation method as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: do not add plant seed in the plate, make no seed plate from plant wastes.
5, preparation method as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: add plant seed in the plate, seed can be scattered in equably arbitrary aspect of plate inside as required, or be in the surface of plate, made the seed plate from plant wastes.
6, as claim 4 or 5 described preparation methods, it is characterized in that: plant seed can be turfgrass seed or grass seed or flower seed or forest tree seed or medicinal material seed or crop seed or melon and fruit seed or vegetable seeds.
7, preparation method as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the thickness range of plate is 0.1~30cm.
CNB021588473A 2002-12-22 2002-12-22 Manufacture of plates from plant wastes for prevention of environment CN1316874C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB021588473A CN1316874C (en) 2002-12-22 2002-12-22 Manufacture of plates from plant wastes for prevention of environment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB021588473A CN1316874C (en) 2002-12-22 2002-12-22 Manufacture of plates from plant wastes for prevention of environment

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1509598A CN1509598A (en) 2004-07-07
CN1316874C true CN1316874C (en) 2007-05-23

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CN101112170B (en) * 2007-08-30 2010-05-19 广东如春园林工程有限公司 Stroma of waste slag generated during making Chinese herbal medicine special for virescence developing and the preparing method thereof
TWI504340B (en) * 2013-08-27 2015-10-21 Ying Che Hsiao A mixture medium planting tablets and production methods made by the method of planting tablets

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101112170B (en) * 2007-08-30 2010-05-19 广东如春园林工程有限公司 Stroma of waste slag generated during making Chinese herbal medicine special for virescence developing and the preparing method thereof
TWI504340B (en) * 2013-08-27 2015-10-21 Ying Che Hsiao A mixture medium planting tablets and production methods made by the method of planting tablets

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