CN1298632A - Method for cultivating huge-fruit peach tree - Google Patents

Method for cultivating huge-fruit peach tree Download PDF

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CN1298632A
CN1298632A CN 99125546 CN99125546A CN1298632A CN 1298632 A CN1298632 A CN 1298632A CN 99125546 CN99125546 CN 99125546 CN 99125546 A CN99125546 A CN 99125546A CN 1298632 A CN1298632 A CN 1298632A
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fruit
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peach
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tree
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刘志行
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刘志行
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Abstract

the cultivation method of extra-large fruit peach tree is characterized by the following steps: (1). seed treatment, (2). growing seedlings; (3). collecting ears and propagating; (4). trimming; (5). fertilizer and water management and prevention and treatment of plant disense and insect pest; and (6). selecting proper soil quality to establish fruit garden and applying PP333 to soil.

Description

A kind of method for cultivating huge-fruit peach tree
The present invention relates to a kind of method for cultivating huge-fruit peach tree, belong to the fruit tree planting technique field.
As everyone knows, Kubo peach peach kind, the back is introduced a fine variety less than just generation variation in 1 year, degeneration in various places; Mouthfeel decreases year after year, and has occurred unsalable situation in recent years on the market, for carry forward and develop the exclusive high yield of China, in ripe peach kind, the inventor through for many years breed improvement and scientific management, invented a kind of cultivation method of huge-fruit peach tree finally.
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of method for cultivating huge-fruit peach tree, the big Kubo of ripe peach kind was stabilized and increased on existing proterties and quality during the inventive method can make, thereby bred huge-fruit peach tree, and it is land king's peach of immortality huge-fruit peach tree that the inventor names it.Because of land king's peach of immortality is the big Kubo natural crossing offspring of growing directly from seeds, it is land king's peach of immortality that the inventor names it.Be called land king's peach of immortality in the present invention.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: the culture method that carries of a kind of land king's peach of immortality huge-fruit peach tree comprises the steps:
Seed treatment: gathering the strong mountain peach wild peach tree of the good growing way of selection proterties 7-8 month as the seed collecting elite stand, get kind from the abundant mellow fruit of last collection, adopting the back stacks, 1 all left and right sides pulp deliquescing is rotted, remove pulp, clean seed, the worm of preventing or cure a disease nuclear, impurity, kind of the grain of selecting and remain enriches full, the seed of neat and consistent.Through drying in the shade, under the condition of low temperature drying, preserve, when carrying out low temperature treatment to seed, should select that physical features is high and dry, shady spot's ditching, general ditch depth 0.5-0.7 rice, 10 centimetres of shops are wet husky earlier at bottom of trench, spread one deck seed then, one deck is wet husky, and is alternate till 20 centimetres apart from the ditch top.Also seed and wet sand can be mixed heap and go in the ditch, wet husky ratio with seed is 4-5: 1, and husky humidity is agglomerating to hold, and touching is promptly loose and is appropriateness.When seed was filled to apart from ground 20 centimeters, layer overlay was wet husky again, until above ground level, in case ponding.Begin lamination after Winter Solstice, after next vernalization is frozen, make regular check on.When temperature is too high, in time remove the top cover cooling, avoid too early germination, and open country can not be sowed still.The wild peach seed needs lamination 100-110 days; Mountain peach 60-80 days.
Grow seedlings: the land used of growing seedlings is ploughed deeply 20-25 centimetre winter, increases active soil stratum, and in conjunction with ploughing deeply, executes farmyard manure 2500-3000 kilogram for every mu.For preventing soil insect, every mu applies red about 2.0 kilograms of 3% furans.The soil moisture conservation of raking after ploughing deeply.Bedding then, furrow are wide 1.2 meters-1.5 meters, long about 10.0 meters of furrow.After vernalization in 1 year is frozen, need careful rake to put in order the soil before the sowing.Seed through lamination is sowed in spring, promptly after spring, soil thawed, sow.Furrow leveling back is sowed by line-spacing 30-60 centimetre, and sowing depth is seed size 3-4 times, 4-5 centimetre of mountain peach, wild peach seed level.The sand ground water retention property is poor, should be slightly more deeply.After planting pour water to must guard against before seed is unearthed.If soil is too dry, the soil moisture conservation of can spraying water between the lights, or cover (wait to germinate unearthed then remove) with film at the furrow face.Thinning when seedling grows 2-3 sheet true leaf centimetre is transplanted by 30 centimetres of line-spacings, spacing in the rows 15-20.
Scion is gathered and breeding: gathering scion promptly should be strong at the pure tree vigo(u)r of kind, growth becomes set age to choose with successful.The position that scion is gathered should be enriched with hat middle and upper part and peripheral the growth, and does not have the long fruit branch of damage by disease and insect or excessive growth fruit branch for well.Summer, the used scion of autumn grafting, with adopting with usefulness, blade is plucked in the scion under adopting, and stays petiole, prevents water evaporates, guarantees the vitality of bud.Seedling grafting can adopt bud grafting and two kinds of methods of scion grafting, and bud grafting can be adopted " T " font bud grafting method, when cutting the bud sheet, its size is decided with the stock thickness, and the general wide 0.5-0.6 of bud sheet centimetre, long about 1.0 centimetres, the top of bud sheet is 1/3 of length overall, and the bottom is 2/3, the too small difficult healing of bud sheet.Note not tearing off inboard xylem when getting the bud sheet, in order to avoid influence survives.Budder and align, use the plastic strip tighten with stock notch shape stratification.Scion grafting can be whittled into the scion lower end wedge shape or monocline face, and stock is truncate, direct opening (to thick stock cleft grafting time) or at the side of stock diagonal cut joint on the cross section, scion is alignd with the stock cambium, use the plastic film tighten, scion is also wrapped up in sternly with plastic film, or with sealing with wax to preserve moisture.Scion grafting can be carried out after flowing by resin before the bud in spring is sprouted.
Prune: treelet must light pruning length stays, and the mitigation tree vigo(u)r is in having more, sprig, to become colored setting; Cut heavily, branch is many, close, prosperous, then is difficult for into coloredly, as a result evening, has become colored percentage of fertile fruit also low.The prosperous branch of land king's peach of immortality treelet reaches 1.5 meters, and is thick more than 1 centimetre, must cut the prosperous length of control by the summer.Bearing-age tree will be cut with the summer by the winter and cut, and removes upright prosperous branch, the prosperous branch of excessive growth, overstocked branch, in staying, the sprig result more.Middle or small fruit tree is cutting back not generally; In strong fruit branch can stay 2-4 bud cutting back; Small and weak fruit branch, terminal bud are leaf bud, and it is bud down, and the top of can not taking the lead brokenly when the winter cuts is if bottom, broken top is " light buttocks branch ", withered because of not branching out again; In must upgrade behind the weak fruit branch result, otherwise can be very fast withered, cause rear portion baldness inanition; Interior thorax fruit branch is easily dead, and the cutting back fruit is individual not little, and is promptly withered after adopting, and must suitably cut and cut; Excessive growth fruit branch generally seat does not live fruit, and the fruit that seat is lived is individual also little, because easily take out the tip on the thick like this fruit branch, has fought for the treelet nutrient, so can not stay prosperous result, cuts the appearance that prevents the prosperous tip by the summer again after having stayed.To the pruning of land king's peach of immortality, after urging before also will dredging, the prosperous length of strict control front end prevents that setting fruit position from moving outward, improves illumination, and the thorax branch enriches Chang Xin in impelling.Resting bud is difficult for sprouting branches out, and adopt the short living shoot of heavy cutting back.
The rich water quality management and the extermination of disease and insect pest: land king's peach of immortality is super-huge fruit, must have enough nutrition to do assurance.Use sufficient fertilizer early autumn, behind the Hua Qianhua and fruit expanding period topdress, Shi Quanfei, to enrich potash fertilizer especially.Pouring water, mainly is Hua Qianshui, adopts preceding 10 days long fruit water and freeze-up water.Insect protected mainly is the harm of control leaf miner and aphid, and the disease emphasis is a shothole disease.Obstruct the many gardens of hollow scale, will play a lime mid-July and doubly measure the formula bordeaux mixture.
Select suitable soil property Jian Yuan and soil to execute PP 333
Land king's peach of immortality is optimum to be the sandy loam and the weathering thousand laminate soil of good permeability, and the mountain region is better than the level land, and the plot of middle fertility is better fertilely than flat.Soil is executed PP 333Control is the prosperous length of tree entirely, stablizes tree vigo(u)r, and the middle or small fruit branch of increase improves percentage of fertile fruit, and the increase fruit is individual.
Land king's peach of immortality huge-fruit peach tree morphological feature: the tree body is strong, and tree crown is big, and tree performance is opened a business.The branch growing way is prosperous, and is sturdy, gives birth to the branch aubergine in 1 year, smooth; Gave birth to a branch taupe in 2 years, hole skin is close, big, grow wild; Perennial branch table grey, light, hole skin is many, big, grow wild, ellipse.Flower is the rose type, and corolla is big; 5 hemp nettles, petal is thinner, and is bigger than Kubo, oval.Blade is bigger, and is long and narrow, and long lanceolar, tip be point, long gradually, its wedge shape of leaf.Shape such as willow leaf, on average long 16.15 centimetres, wide 3.99 centimetres, on branch, be arc and give birth to side-lower.The blade face bottle green, the blade back green.The even obvolvent that makes progress of leaf margin both sides makes the blade face be bar ditch shape, and vein is a bottom of trench, and the blade face double-walled is open and flat, slightly sees little wrinkle; Flat blunt, the little crown of leaf edge sawtooth is short and small, and it is wavy that young leaves is; Long 0.98 centimetre of petiole, the close gland 3-4 of phyllopodium, kidney shape, puce.Stipule is bigger in the axil, and is long and narrow, 2-3, with main lobe be similar figures.Fruit is especially big, mean fruit weight 438.9 grams, and vertical 7.5,7.6 centimetres, 8.1,9.0 centimetres of transverse diameters, the most about 1118 grams, the fruit circle, fruit top plano-concave, calixconcavity is narrow, and is slightly existing top, and 45 ordinates are arranged on every side, makes the fruit top show 4-5 more flat projection.Carpopodium is extremely short, the stalk low-lying area deeply, narrower; Fruit face background color white, sunny side has red or pink tinge, and is light red, red, aubergine is alternate, and is attractive in appearance gorgeous; Pulp white, plumpness, crisp sweet, succulence, savory, be with wild walnut flavor, hard solute, matter is extremely hard, when fully ripe, bright pink look is arranged, back pale between sunny side pulp; Sugar content 12%, pH value 4.0, peeling hardness 0.56 kilograms per centimeter 2, elastic force 825.4 grams, resistance 771.0 grams (belt leather); Examine medium and small, monokaryon weigh 6.5 the gram, freestone.On the quality.Fruit utmost point storage tolerance is adopted the back and can be deposited naturally 20-25 days indoor, long-term storage back pulp deliquescing, and juice is more, and fragrant and sweet pleasant, local flavor is more beautiful, the rare freestone still when soft of pulp.
The phenophase of land king's peach of immortality huge-fruit peach tree: Tangshan and Efficiency in Buildings in Tianjin Area generally before and after the April 5 bud sprout, April, 15-16 day bud revealed redly, beginning flower before and after April 20 is contained flower 25-April 29 April, on May-5 on the 1st the end flower.Zao about 8 days mountain region florescence than the level land, open up leaf at the beginning of 5 months, mid-May, young sprout began growth.August 15, fruit began maturation, and August 25 is fully ripe, and fruit development period is about 116 days.Gather at the beginning of being suitable for 20 days to 9 months August.Fruit is gathered at the beginning of being left to 10 months by the end of September in the tree, and the fruit face covers the aubergine striped, and local flavor is splendid.
The growth result habit and the resistance of land king's peach of immortality huge-fruit peach tree: tree property is strong, and it is vigorous to grow, and the life-span is longer.Young sprout is prosperous, easy upright prosperous length, branch is many, takes out that to give birth to 2 branch abilities strong, branch is close and disorderly, amount of growth is bigger than Kubo, it is many, big, prosperous to branch out in the periphery, often make interior thorax branch less, little, a little less than, decline until withered.Prosperous because of treelet production, one-tenth is spent late and is lacked naturally, but a little less than the growing way, the one-tenth flower morning of opening a business, the result is morning also.Anterior big prosperous branch is many, and sprig is few in the rear portion, and the result is also few.The prosperous vertical branch percentage of fertile fruit of growing way is low, in, sprig percentage of fertile fruit height.Manage proper, 3 annual bearings, 4 years the high yield, the 5-6 high yield.Living strain in 4 years is produced and can be reached about 50 kilograms.The highest strain of life in 6 years is produced and can be reached 150 kilograms, 2.6 meters of the height of trees, 5.7 meters of cromn shafts.Land Wang Xian peach blossom amount is big, based in, short result, be aided with a small amount of long fruit branch, without overlength fruit branch and excessive growth fruit branch result.Bearing-age tree, long fruit branch account for 11.33% of total amount, and medium fruit branch accounts for 37.06%, fruit spur accounts for 31.59%, and bouquet shape fruit branch accounts for 15.17%, and water sprout accounts for 4.95%, all kinds of fruit branches have leaf bud joint number ratio, long, in, fruit spur is respectively 76.4%, 61.0%, 34.6%; There is the bud joint number to be respectively 67.6%, 71.5%, 81.9%; The two addition is respectively 143.8%, 132.3%, 116.5%; The mixed bud ratio is respectively 43.8%, 32.3%, 16.5%; Illustrate that fruit bearing shoot is difficult for baldness, continuously the result.The initial joint of bud position, long, in, fruit spur, average out to 2.0 joints respectively, 2.2 joints and 2.0 joints, bud has pure bud, mixed bud, pure bud has single flower, honeysuckle and three to spend.Flat fertile ground prosperous tree, the time that has, close being crowded together of the thin and delicate fruit branch of a bouquet shape top 3-4 bud, one at center is a leaf bud, and big portion is withered, strong, terminal bud is branched out, and bud is not withered, fruit spur, the autumn growth that has is withered, shorter shape withered, and setting is good, terminal bud is branched out, medium fruit branch, the autumn growth that has is withered, though the not withered bud that has is few.Long fruit branch, leaf bud is many, and spring, the full bud of autumn growth are bud at front end, autumn growth base portion bud is few.Florescence, spontaneous pollination was on the low side than other kinds a little later, must adopt gold wild peach pollen and give the manually pollination by irregular steps of land king's peach of immortality, need not every flower must point.Land king's peach of immortality resistant to diseases and insects is strong, and shothole disease is less, but swollen leaf disease and other kinds are together, and aphid damage is lighter.Cold resistance is strong, is higher than in Kubo, is lower than water honey, and through the big freeze injury of 1997-1998 spring, land king's peach of immortality does not have frostbite substantially, does not have stripping and limb freeze injury yet.Anti-salt alkali ability is stronger than big Kubo, and wind resistance power is strong, and the drought resisting resistance to overhead flooding injury is better than kinds such as Kubo, gold.
The advantage of land king's peach of immortality huge-fruit peach tree: tree vigo(u)r is strong, adaptability is strong, becomes branch rate height, shaping easily, pruning, all kinds of branches easily form bud, this kind result early, yielding ability is strong, fruit is especially big, sweet succulence, the gorgeous U.S. of outward appearance, utmost point storage tolerance, for the most rising eat raw famous-brand and high-quality in ripe new varieties.
Land king peach of immortality cultivating huge-fruit peach tree technology is enumerated an example according to the present invention, and spring in 1992, Tangshan City's Leting County is ordered and planted 90 strains (cultivating by above cultivation method) land king's peach of immortality finished product seedling.In the period of 1992,1993,1,994 three, implement management by above culture technique, to reap a bumper harvest on August 20th, 1994, single plant yield is all more than 50 kilograms, on average the fruit weight average is more than 460 grams, and maximum fruit heavily about 1118 restrains, and fruit is closely round, rectify, suture is obvious, halves is symmetry, the fruit top is flat, nick is a white at the bottom of the fruit face, and whole body is a pink, attractive in appearance gorgeous, pulp plumpness, crisp sweet, succulence have wild peach fragrance, sugar content 12%, pH value 4.0, peeling hardness 0.56 kilograms per centimeter 2, elastic force 825.4 gram, resistance 771.0 grams (belt leather) examines for a short time, monokaryon weighs 6.5 grams, freestone, hard solute, matter are extremely hard, after fruit is adopted indoor deposited 20 days naturally after, pulp is deliquescing not yet.Utmost point storage tolerance, quality is first-class.This kind is positive large tracts of land development in this area.
Land king's peach of immortality is the big Kubo natural crossing offspring of growing directly from seeds, and is that the inventor obtained hybrid seed in 1988, sowing in 1989, and the nineteen ninety field planting was seen fruit in 1992, name in 1993 is pushed open after 1994 naturally.Land king's peach of immortality because its sweetness, freestone, attractive in appearance big, than any kind storage tolerance all, the late-maturing up-to-date improved seeds of eating peach raw were enlarging cultivation during it had become.

Claims (4)

1. method for cultivating huge-fruit peach tree, it is characterized in that: this method comprises the steps: seed treatment: select the strong mountain peach wild peach tree of the good growing way of proterties as the seed collecting elite stand gathering in 7-8 month, get kind from the abundant mellow fruit of last collection, adopt the back and stack, 1 all left and right sides pulp deliquescing is rotted, and removes pulp, clean seed, the worm of preventing or cure a disease nuclear, impurity, kind of the grain of selecting and remain enriches full, the seed of neat and consistent, through drying in the shade, under the condition of low temperature drying, preserve, when carrying out low temperature treatment to seed, should select physical features high and dry, shady spot's ditching, 0.5~0.7 meter of general ditch depth, wet husky 10 centimetres of bottom of trench choosing shops, spread one deck seed then, one deck is wet husky, alternate till 20 centimetres apart from ditch top, when seed was filled to apart from ground 20 centimeters, layer overlay was wet husky again, until above ground level, in case ponding begins lamination after Winter Solstice, after next vernalization is frozen, make regular check on, when temperature is too high, in time remove the top cover cooling, avoid too early germination, and open country still can not be sowed, and the wild peach seed needs lamination 100~110 days; Mountain peach 60~80 days;
Grow seedlings: the land used of growing seedlings is ploughed deeply 20~25 centimetres winter, execute 2500~3000 kilograms of farmyard manures for every mu, red 2.0 kilograms of 3% furans, the soil moisture conservation of raking after ploughing deeply, bedding then, furrow are wide 1.2 meters~and 1.5 meters, long about 10.0 meters of furrow after vernalization in 1 year is frozen, are sowed, furrow leveling back is sowed for 30~60 centimetres by line-spacing, sowing depth is 3~4 times of seed sizes, and 4~5 centimetres of mountain peach, wild peach seed levels are after planting poured water to must guard against before seed is unearthed, thinning when seedling grows 2~3 true leaves is transplanted for 15~20 centimetres by 30 centimetres of line-spacings, spacing in the rows;
Scion is gathered and breeding: gathering scion promptly should be strong at the pure tree vigo(u)r of kind, growth becomes set age to choose with successful, the position that scion is gathered should be enriched with hat middle and upper part and peripheral the growth, and do not have the long fruit branch of damage by disease and insect or excessive growth fruit branch for well, summer, the used scion of autumn grafting are with adopting with usefulness, scion under adopting, pluck blade, stay petiole, prevent water evaporates, guarantee the vitality of bud, seedling grafting can adopt bud grafting and two kinds of methods of scion grafting;
Prune: treelet must light pruning length stays, and the mitigation tree vigo(u)r is in having more, sprig, to become colored setting; The prosperous branch of peach treelet reaches 1.5 meters, and is thick more than 1 centimetre, must cut the prosperous length of control by the summer, and bearing-age tree will be cut with the summer by the winter and cut, and removes upright prosperous branch, the prosperous branch of excessive growth, overstocked branch, and in staying, the sprig result, middle or small fruit tree is cutting back not generally more; In strong fruit branch can stay 2-4 bud cutting back; Small and weak fruit branch, terminal bud are leaf bud, and it is down bud, the top of can not taking the lead broken when the winter cuts, in must upgrade behind the weak fruit branch result, interior thorax fruit branch is easily dead, the cutting back fruit is little, promptly dries up after adopting, and must suitably cut section; Excessive growth fruit branch generally seat does not live fruit, thus can not stay prosperous result, to the pruning of land Wang Xian peach, after urging before also will dredging, the prosperous length of strict control front end prevents that setting fruit position from moving, and improves illumination outward, the thorax branch enriches Chang Xin in impelling, and resting bud is difficult for sprouting branches out, and adopt the short living shoot of heavy cutting back;
The rich water quality management and the extermination of disease and insect pest: use sufficient fertilizer early autumn, behind the Hua Qianhua and fruit expanding period topdress, Shi Quanfei, will enrich potash fertilizer especially, pour water, mainly be Hua Qianshui, adopt preceding 10 days long fruit water and freeze-up water, insect protected, mainly be the harm of control leaf miner and aphid, the disease emphasis is a shothole disease, obstructs the many gardens of hollow scale, will play a lime mid-July and doubly measure the formula bordeaux mixture;
Select suitable soil property Jian Yuan and soil to execute PP 333
Land king's peach of immortality is optimum to be the sandy loam and the weathering thousand laminate soil of good permeability, and the mountain region is better than the level land, and the plot of middle fertility is better fertilely than flat, and soil is executed PP 333Control is the prosperous length of tree entirely, stablizes tree vigo(u)r, and the middle or small fruit branch of increase improves percentage of fertile fruit, and the increase fruit is individual;
The huge-fruit peach tree morphological feature: the tree body is strong, and tree crown is big, and tree performance is opened a business, and the branch growing way is prosperous, and is sturdy, gives birth to the branch aubergine in 1 year, and is smooth; Gave birth to a branch taupe in 2 years, hole skin is close, big, grow wild; Perennial branch table grey, light, hole skin is many, big, grow wild, ellipse, and flower is the rose type, and corolla is big; 5 hemp nettles, petal is thinner, and is bigger than Kubo, oval, blade is bigger, and is long and narrow, and long lanceolar, tip be point, long gradually, its wedge shape of leaf, shape such as willow leaf, on average long 16.15 centimetres, wide 3.99 centimetres, on branch, be arc and give birth to the blade face bottle green to side-lower, the even obvolvent that makes progress of blade back green, leaf margin both sides makes the blade face be bar ditch shape, vein is a bottom of trench, and the blade face double-walled is open and flat, slightly sees little wrinkle; Flat blunt, the little crown of leaf edge sawtooth is short and small, and it is wavy that young leaves is; Long 0.98 centimetre of petiole, phyllopodium nectary 3-4, kidney shape, puce, stipule is bigger in the axil, and is long and narrow, 2-3, with main lobe be similar figures, fruit is individual especially big, mean fruit weight 438.9 grams, vertical 7.5,7.6 centimetres, 8.1,9.0 centimetres of transverse diameters, the most about 1118 grams, fruit circle, fruit top plano-concave, calixconcavity is narrow, and is slightly existing top, and 4,5 ordinates are arranged on every side, make fruit top show 4-5 more flat projection, carpopodium is extremely short, the stalk low-lying area deeply, narrower; Fruit face background color white, sunny side has red or pink tinge, and is light red, red, aubergine is alternate, and is attractive in appearance gorgeous; Pulp white, plumpness, crisp sweet, succulence, savory, be with wild walnut flavor, hard solute, matter is extremely hard, when fully ripe, bright pink look is arranged, back pale between sunny side pulp; Sugar content 12%, pH value 4.0, peeling hardness 0.56 kilograms per centimeter 2, elastic force 825.4 grams, resistance 771.0 grams (belt leather); Examine medium and smallly, monokaryon weighs 6.5 grams, freestone, and on the quality, fruit utmost point storage tolerance is adopted the back and can be deposited naturally 20-25 days indoor, long-term storage back pulp deliquescing, juice is more, and fragrant and sweet pleasant, local flavor is more beautiful, the rare freestone still when soft of pulp;
The phenophase of land king's peach of immortality huge-fruit peach tree: Tangshan and Efficiency in Buildings in Tianjin Area generally before and after the April 5 bud sprout, April, 15-16 day liquid distilled from honeysuckle flowers or lotus leaves was red, beginning flower before and after April 20, contain flower 25-April 29 April, on May-5 on the 1st, spent at the end, Zao about 8 days mountain region florescence than the level land, open up leaf at the beginning of 5 months, mid-May, young sprout began growth, and August 15, fruit began maturation, August 25 is fully ripe, about fruit development period 116 days, gather at the beginning of being suitable for 20 days to 9 months August, fruit is gathered at the beginning of being left to 10 months by the end of September in the tree, the fruit face covers the aubergine striped, and local flavor is splendid.
2. method for cultivating huge-fruit peach tree according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: when seed is carried out low temperature treatment, also seed and wet sand can be mixed heap and go in the ditch, wet husky ratio with seed is 4~5: 1, husky humidity is agglomerating to hold, and touching is promptly loose and is appropriateness.
3. method for cultivating huge-fruit peach tree according to claim 1 is characterized in that: bud grafting can be adopted " T " font bud grafting method, when cutting the bud sheet, its size is decided with the stock thickness, the bud sheet is general wide 0.5~0.6 centimetre, and long about 1.0 centimetres, the top of bud sheet is 1/3 of length overall, the bottom is 2/3, the too small difficult healing of bud sheet notes not tearing off inboard xylem when getting the bud sheet, in order to avoid influence survives, budder and align, use the plastic strip tighten with stock notch shape stratification.
4. method for cultivating huge-fruit peach tree according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: scion grafting can be whittled into the scion lower end wedge shape or monocline face, stock is truncate, (to thick stock cleft grafting time) direct opening on the cross section, or at the side of stock diagonal cut joint, scion is alignd with the stock cambium, use the plastic film tighten, scion is also wrapped up in sternly with plastic film, or with sealing with wax to preserve moisture, scion grafting can be carried out after flowing by resin before the bud in spring is sprouted.
CN 99125546 1999-12-03 1999-12-03 Method for cultivating huge-fruit peach tree Pending CN1298632A (en)

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CN105165538A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-23 广西八桂石漠化核桃产业开发有限公司 Walnut tree cultivating method
CN105165355A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-23 全椒县大地种植专业合作社 Walnut seedling culture method
CN106305278A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-11 江苏艺轩园林景观工程有限公司 Cultivating method of malus spectabilis in South Jiangsu area
CN106472217A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-03-08 贵州山至金生态农业有限公司 Implantation methods beneficial to peach tree growth
CN106922495A (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-07-07 镇江市丹徒区紫杉生态农业园 A kind of ciltivating process of peach
CN107494166A (en) * 2017-10-10 2017-12-22 福建省农业科学院果树研究所 A kind of tree-like pruning method of improvement trunk shape of suitable mountain region peach plantation
CN107691086A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-02-16 合肥市大圣农业科技有限公司 A kind of gold peento tree planting method
CN110402743A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-11-05 六安市兆丰商贸有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of white peach insect-pest
CN110558140A (en) * 2019-10-15 2019-12-13 赵玉亮 Chinese chestnut rejuvenation pruning method capable of controlling large pipe and small pipe to be alternately updated

Cited By (23)

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CN1977583B (en) * 2005-12-06 2010-05-12 张元存 Method for radical treating bleeding disease of grafted peach
CN100463599C (en) * 2006-08-29 2009-02-25 四川大学 Method of hooping tree by using iron wire for preventing peach from fruit dropping
CN103202201A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-07-17 河北农业大学 Method for cultivating walnut high-yield tree
CN103348886A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-10-16 句容市春来早果品专业合作社 Method for preventing diseases and insect pests of peach tree
CN104067721A (en) * 2014-06-19 2014-10-01 安徽百卉园林有限公司 Method for improving germination rate of wild peach seeds
CN104067721B (en) * 2014-06-19 2015-10-14 安徽百卉园林有限公司 A kind of method improving wild peach seed germination rate
CN104303926B (en) * 2014-09-09 2016-05-11 张山乡林果协会 A kind of wild peach implantation methods
CN104303926A (en) * 2014-09-09 2015-01-28 张山乡林果协会 Peach planting technology
CN104322295A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-02-04 西藏自治区农牧科学院蔬菜研究所 Method for quickly breeding seedlings of Tibet walnut by grafting tender shoots
CN104604617A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-05-13 吴太平 Peach tree open air production and cultivation method
CN104521575A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-22 重庆文理学院 Peach grafted seedling culturing type planting method
CN105145123A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-12-16 卿厚明 Single bud cleft grafting method of walnut seedlings
CN105123396A (en) * 2015-08-18 2015-12-09 界首市天润发家庭农场 Peach tree cultivation method
CN105165355A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-23 全椒县大地种植专业合作社 Walnut seedling culture method
CN105104090A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-02 全椒县大地种植专业合作社 Walnut-tree cultivation method
CN105165538A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-23 广西八桂石漠化核桃产业开发有限公司 Walnut tree cultivating method
CN106922495A (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-07-07 镇江市丹徒区紫杉生态农业园 A kind of ciltivating process of peach
CN106305278A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-11 江苏艺轩园林景观工程有限公司 Cultivating method of malus spectabilis in South Jiangsu area
CN106472217A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-03-08 贵州山至金生态农业有限公司 Implantation methods beneficial to peach tree growth
CN107494166A (en) * 2017-10-10 2017-12-22 福建省农业科学院果树研究所 A kind of tree-like pruning method of improvement trunk shape of suitable mountain region peach plantation
CN107691086A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-02-16 合肥市大圣农业科技有限公司 A kind of gold peento tree planting method
CN110402743A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-11-05 六安市兆丰商贸有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of white peach insect-pest
CN110558140A (en) * 2019-10-15 2019-12-13 赵玉亮 Chinese chestnut rejuvenation pruning method capable of controlling large pipe and small pipe to be alternately updated

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