CN107873208A - A kind of efficient implantation methods of navel orange - Google Patents

A kind of efficient implantation methods of navel orange Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107873208A
CN107873208A CN201711138916.3A CN201711138916A CN107873208A CN 107873208 A CN107873208 A CN 107873208A CN 201711138916 A CN201711138916 A CN 201711138916A CN 107873208 A CN107873208 A CN 107873208A
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branch
navel orange
fertilizer
implantation methods
major branch
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赖智勇
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赖智勇
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Priority to CN201711138916.3A priority Critical patent/CN107873208A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B17/00Other phosphatic fertilisers, e.g. soft rock phosphates, bone meal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers
    • C05G5/23Solutions
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/28Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for farming

Abstract

The present invention proposes a kind of efficient implantation methods of navel orange,It is related to planting fruit trees field,By on the mountain region or hillside of 100~300 meters of height above sea level,Centered on field planting point,Excavate length,Wide and depth is respectively 0.8~1 meter,0.8~1 meter and 0.7~0.9 meter of planting pit,Then thick 4~6 kilograms of fertilizer is inserted in each planting pit,0.5~1.5 kilogram of phosphate fertilizer,1.5~2.5 kilograms of cake fertilizer,3~5 kilograms of farm manure,One layer of fine earth is covered on fertilizer,In covering thin film on fine earth,In late Febuary~mid-March or early October in autumn~early November,The healthy and strong nursery stock wood of growth selection carries out balled transplanting,Nursery stock is planted in planting pit center vertically,Then navel orange trees are waited to grow up result,Each year it is required for trimming navel orange trees during 3 years of proliferation seedling growth,Also need to look after sapling constantly in daily growth course,It is regular to sapling to water and do insect prevention maintenance,Need to apply one layer of lime on navel orange trunk before in the winter time arriving.

Description

A kind of efficient implantation methods of navel orange
Technical field
The present invention relates to planting fruit trees field, and in particular to a kind of efficient implantation methods of navel orange.
Background technology
Navel orange, Rutaceae, evergreen dungarunga, sprig is hairless, and scolus is short or nothing.Elliptic leaf shape is avette, full edge or has not Aobvious cognate;Petiole has narrow wing, and there is joint on top.Navel orange is the citrus breeding that countries in the world are competitively cultivated.It is best in quality, due to nothing Core succulence, sweet, meat is crisp, rich fragrance, lovely luster, and navel orange is nutritious, and at present, many high-quality navels are also cultivated in China various regions Orange, navel orange is nutritious, contains all kinds of nutritions necessary to human body.Navel orange contains vitamin C and carrotene, can To suppress the formation of carcinogen, moreover it is possible to softening and protection blood vessel, stimulate circulation, reduce cholesterol and blood fat, reduce and suffer from Cardiopathic possibility, prevent gallbladder disease, just because of navel orange contains all kinds of nutritions of needed by human body and in good taste, it is deep to be disappeared Expense person's likes, economic value is high, is the citrus breeding widely cultivated, fruit is orange-yellow and has green statin line.It is to see suitable for potted plant Leaf, fruit good merchantable brand is seen, but the natural conditions and social customs of a place adaptability of navel orange is weaker, to strong xeothermic more sensitivity, is planted under the conditions of low level management Training is often spent greatly, is beared fruit few, is yielded poorly.Therefore, the present invention proposes a kind of efficient implantation methods of navel orange.
Invention description
In view of the above-mentioned problems, the present invention proposes a kind of implantation methods of navel orange, cave is determined by first selection of land, then to determining cave after Plant hole carry out application soil fertility quality, transplant nursery stock again after a period of time, then wait navel orange trees to grow up result, the life of proliferation seedling Each year it is required for trimming navel orange trees during long 3 years, also needs to look after tree constantly in daily growth course Insect prevention maintenance and maintaining of being passed the winter to sapling, i.e., the efficient implantation methods of a kind of navel orange are done in seedling, watering regular to sapling.
The present invention can be realized by following scheme:
A kind of efficient implantation methods of navel orange, comprise the following steps:
Step 1:Selection of land
Fertile soil is selected, sunny, it is convenient to irrigate, and height above sea level is 100~300 meters of mountain region or terraced fields as navel Orange planting site;
Step 2:Dig planting pit
On the mountain region or hillside of 100~300 meters of height above sea level, centered on field planting point, length and width and depth difference are excavated For 0.8~1 meter, 0.8~1 meter and 0.7~0.9 meter of planting pit;
Step 3:Planting pit processing
Thick 4~6 kilograms of fertilizer, 0.5~1.5 kilogram of phosphate fertilizer, 1.5~2.5 kilograms of cake fertilizer, farmers' are inserted in each planting pit 3~5 kilograms of fertilizer, one layer of fine earth is covered on fertilizer, thin film is being covered on fine earth;
Step 4:Transplanted seedling tree
In late Febuary~mid-March or early October in autumn~early November, the healthy and strong nursery stock wood of growth selection is carried out Balled transplanting, nursery stock are planted in planting pit center vertically, and root system is unfolded layering and is put into, and one layer of fibrous root, one layer of fine earth, makes fibrous root and soil Earth fully contacts, and trains a circle low bank of earth between fields around sapling, and to water, drought resisting, one layer of rice straw of paving prevents the Exposure to Sunlight soil water Shunting is lost too fast;
Step 5:It is colonized shaping
Shaping is carried out to above-mentioned navel orange seedling after field planting, major branch, the extension branch cutting back 1/3~1/2 of secondary major branch promote to cut Bud takes out the young sprout for sending out strong;
Step 6:Regular maintenance
First Year after plantation will spray nutritional agents to the crop transplanted seedlings in time, keep soil moisture to be 50%~65%, And afforest after 4~June need weeding to foster 1~2 time, strengthen the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control;
Step 7:Trimming
The trimming of treelet phase is carried out to the thin and delicate branch on major branch after the tip rudiment of First Year spring, in the tip rudiment of Second Year spring Extend the trimming that branch carries out growth stage shaping to major branch and major branch afterwards, branch is extended to major branch in three annual bearings and secondary major branch prolongs Long shoot carries out the trimming of best fruiting period shaping;
Step 8:Daily management
In the The Spring and Autumn Period of navel orange growth, the influence of citrus pest and disease damage is subject to, now needs to be directed to navel orange trees dry-spray Insecticidal liquid;Weather arid is such as run into the period of expanding in florescence and fruit to irrigate in time;Needed before arriving in the winter time One layer of lime is applied on navel orange trunk.
Further optimize, in the step 2, distance is 3 meters between adjacent two definite value caves.
Further optimize, in the step 3, thick fertilizer is filled out in the bottom, and other fertilizer, which stir, to be filled out on thick fertilizer, fertilizer After material completes, one layer of fine earth is covered on fertilizer, thin film is being covered on fine earth, nursery stock cultivation is carried out after vacant 1~2 month Plant.
Further optimize, in the step 4, root water must be poured after plant, is defined by soil moisture saturation, makes root System and the close knot of soil, upper one layer of lid loosens the soil, then with the thing clayed aluminium alloy such as straw, weeds.
Further optimize, treelet nutritional agents in the step 6, be made up of following components in percentage by weight:Plant is organic Selenium 0.01~0.05%, propionylbrassinolide 0.0005%~0.001%, ascorbic acid 0.002~0.003%, vitamin B10.002~0.005%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5%~0.9%, lignin zinc carbonate 0.001%~0.002%, remaining is Clear water, every dosage 0.8-1.2L of nutritional agents is sprayed, long young leaves starts foliage-spray after plantation, is sprayed 1 time every 10-20 days.
Further optimize, in the step 6, can be killed using 560 times of 80% Bravo, 60% for the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control 600 times, 50% carbendazim 620 again the phase of sprouting, bud stage and phase of bearing fruit every 10~20 days respectively to navel orange plant sprinkling one It is secondary.
Further optimize, in the step 7, Seedling Stage trimming, trimmed after the tip rudiment of First Year spring on above-mentioned major branch Thin and delicate branch, by " three, which take out one, five, takes out two " principle and prune off, retains the skirt branch of middle and lower part branch and master branch base portion, spring, autumn growth life When growing to 17~20 centimetres, 8 leaf pinching are stayed, to the summer shoot of over growth, in 20 cm pinching.
Further optimize, in the step 7, growth stage pruning, above-mentioned major branch is trimmed after the tip rudiment of Second Year spring The thin and delicate branch extended with major branch on branch, continue to choose the strong branch of growth as major branch extension branch and width major branch extension branch.
Further optimization, in the step 7, best fruiting period pruning, when three annual bearings cutting back major branch extend branch and Secondary major branch extends branch, summer shoot of erasing, puts autumn growth in good time, inspires healthy and strong autumn growth, and the general long tip only stays five buds, prune off overstocked branch, Intersect branch, decline branch group, without leaf inflorescence branch, thorax branch in reservation.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1. the present invention before navel orange transplanted seedling tree, inserts thick fertilizer and other fertilizer in planting pit, a period of time is placed Carry out transplanted seedling tree again, by such setting, various fertilizer can be made sufficiently dilute and react, not only advantageously in Fertilizer is absorbed, and is avoided that fresh fertilizer produces harm to sapling.
2. the thick fertilizer of the present invention, in bottommost, thick fertilizer can not only continue to provide organic fertilizer, Er Qieneng in putrefaction process Keep loose suddenly, be advantageous to navel orange trees and absorb nutrient and moisture.
3. present invention employs organic fertilizer, fertilizer source is easy, can keep the fertility in soil.
4. distance is 3 meters between two adjacent definite value caves of the present invention, there are enough distances, ensure that navel orange growth course In light application time, navel orange is preferably grown.
5. implementation process of the present invention is simple, tree can be educated within 2 years, can go into operation within the 3rd year and bear fruit, yield is high, in good taste, nutrition Value is high, improves the economic benefit of orchard worker.
Therefore, the present invention by first selection of land determines cave, then application soil fertility quality is carried out to determining the plant hole behind cave, when crossing one section Between after transplant nursery stock again, then wait navel orange trees to grow up result, be required for during 3 years of proliferation seedling growth to navel in each year Orange tree trimmed, also need to look after sapling constantly in daily growth course, it is regular to sapling watering do insect prevention safeguard and it is right Sapling passes the winter maintaining.
Embodiment
In order that technological means, creation characteristic, reached purpose and effect that invention is realized are easy to understand, with reference to Embodiment, the present invention is expanded on further.
Embodiment one:
A kind of efficient implantation methods of navel orange, comprise the following steps:
Step 1:Selection of land
Fertile soil is selected, sunny, it is convenient to irrigate, and height above sea level is 100~300 meters of mountain region or terraced fields as navel Orange planting site;
Step 2:Dig planting pit
On the mountain region or hillside of 100~300 meters of height above sea level, centered on field planting point, length and width and depth difference are excavated For 0.8~1 meter, 0.8~1 meter and 0.7~0.9 meter of planting pit, distance is 3 meters between adjacent two definite value caves;
Step 3:Planting pit processing
Thick 4 kilograms of fertilizer, 0.5 kilogram of phosphate fertilizer, 1.5 kilograms of cake fertilizer, 3 kilograms of farm manure, in fertilizer are inserted in each planting pit One layer of fine earth is covered on material, thin film is being covered on fine earth;
Step 4:Transplanted seedling tree
In late Febuary~mid-March or early October in autumn~early November, the healthy and strong nursery stock wood of growth selection is carried out Balled transplanting, nursery stock are planted in planting pit center vertically, and root system is unfolded layering and is put into, and one layer of fibrous root, one layer of fine earth, makes fibrous root and soil Earth fully contacts, and trains a circle low bank of earth between fields around sapling, and to water, drought resisting, one layer of rice straw of paving prevents the Exposure to Sunlight soil water Shunting is lost too fast;
Step 5:It is colonized shaping
Shaping is carried out to above-mentioned navel orange seedling after field planting, major branch, the extension branch cutting back 1/3~1/2 of secondary major branch promote to cut Bud takes out the young sprout for sending out strong;
Step 6:Regular maintenance
First Year after plantation will spray treelet nutritional agents to transplanting seedlings in time, and every dosage 0.8-1.2L is long after plantation Young leaves starts foliage-spray, every 10-20 days spray 1 time, while need give crop watering, keep soil moisture be 50%~ 65%, and afforest after 4~June need weeding to foster 1~2 time, strengthen the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, use 80,%00 bacterium for the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control Clear 560 times, 60% can kill 600 times, 50% carbendazim 620 is again in the phase of sprouting, bud stage and phase of bearing fruit every 10~20 natural gift It is other that navel orange plant is sprayed once;
Step 7:Trimming
The trimming of treelet phase is carried out to the thin and delicate branch on major branch after the tip rudiment of First Year spring, in the tip rudiment of Second Year spring Extend the trimming that branch carries out growth stage shaping to major branch and major branch afterwards, branch is extended to major branch in three annual bearings and secondary major branch prolongs Long shoot carries out the trimming of best fruiting period shaping;
Step 8:Daily management
In the The Spring and Autumn Period of navel orange growth, the influence of citrus pest and disease damage is subject to, now needs to be directed to navel orange trees dry-spray Insecticidal liquid;Weather arid is such as run into the period of expanding in florescence and fruit to irrigate in time;Needed before arriving in the winter time One layer of lime is applied on navel orange trunk.
Embodiment two
A kind of efficient implantation methods of navel orange, comprise the following steps:
Step 1:Selection of land
Fertile soil is selected, sunny, it is convenient to irrigate, and height above sea level is 100~300 meters of mountain region or terraced fields as navel Orange planting site;
Step 2:Dig planting pit
On the mountain region or hillside of 100~300 meters of height above sea level, centered on field planting point, length and width and depth difference are excavated For 0.8~1 meter, 0.8~1 meter and 0.7~0.9 meter of planting pit, distance is 3 meters between adjacent two definite value caves;
Step 3:Planting pit processing
Thick 5 kilograms of fertilizer, 1 kilogram of phosphate fertilizer, 2 kilograms of cake fertilizer, 4 kilograms of farm manure, on fertilizer are inserted in each planting pit One layer of fine earth is covered, thin film is being covered on fine earth;
Step 4:Transplanted seedling tree
In late Febuary~mid-March or early October in autumn~early November, the healthy and strong nursery stock wood of growth selection is carried out Balled transplanting, nursery stock are planted in planting pit center vertically, and root system is unfolded layering and is put into, and one layer of fibrous root, one layer of fine earth, makes fibrous root and soil Earth fully contacts, and trains a circle low bank of earth between fields around sapling, and to water, drought resisting, one layer of rice straw of paving prevents the Exposure to Sunlight soil water Shunting is lost too fast;
Step 5:It is colonized shaping
Shaping is carried out to above-mentioned navel orange seedling after field planting, major branch, the extension branch cutting back 1/3~1/2 of secondary major branch promote to cut Bud takes out the young sprout for sending out strong;
Step 6:Regular maintenance
First Year after plantation will spray treelet nutritional agents to transplanting seedlings in time, and every dosage 0.8-1.2L is long after plantation Young leaves starts foliage-spray, every 10-20 days spray 1 time, while need give crop watering, keep soil moisture be 50%~ 65%, and afforest after 4~June need weeding to foster 1~2 time, strengthen the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, use 80,%00 bacterium for the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control Clear 560 times, 60% can kill 600 times, 50% carbendazim 620 is again in the phase of sprouting, bud stage and phase of bearing fruit every 10~20 natural gift It is other that navel orange plant is sprayed once;
Step 7:Trimming
The trimming of treelet phase is carried out to the thin and delicate branch on major branch after the tip rudiment of First Year spring, in the tip rudiment of Second Year spring Extend the trimming that branch carries out growth stage shaping to major branch and major branch afterwards, branch is extended to major branch in three annual bearings and secondary major branch prolongs Long shoot carries out the trimming of best fruiting period shaping;
Step 8:Daily management
In the The Spring and Autumn Period of navel orange growth, the influence of citrus pest and disease damage is subject to, now needs to be directed to navel orange trees dry-spray Insecticidal liquid;Weather arid is such as run into the period of expanding in florescence and fruit to irrigate in time;Needed before arriving in the winter time One layer of lime is applied on navel orange trunk.
Embodiment three
A kind of efficient implantation methods of navel orange, comprise the following steps:
Step 1:Selection of land
Fertile soil is selected, sunny, it is convenient to irrigate, and height above sea level is 100~300 meters of mountain region or terraced fields as navel Orange planting site;
Step 2:Dig planting pit
On the mountain region or hillside of 100~300 meters of height above sea level, centered on field planting point, length and width and depth difference are excavated For 0.8~1 meter, 0.8~1 meter and 0.7~0.9 meter of planting pit, distance is 3 meters between adjacent two definite value caves;
Step 3:Planting pit processing
Thick 6 kilograms of fertilizer, 1.5 kilograms of phosphate fertilizer, 2.5 kilograms of cake fertilizer, 5 kilograms of farm manure, in fertilizer are inserted in each planting pit One layer of fine earth is covered on material, thin film is being covered on fine earth;
Step 4:Transplanted seedling tree
In late Febuary~mid-March or early October in autumn~early November, the healthy and strong nursery stock wood of growth selection is carried out Balled transplanting, nursery stock are planted in planting pit center vertically, and root system is unfolded layering and is put into, and one layer of fibrous root, one layer of fine earth, makes fibrous root and soil Earth fully contacts, and trains a circle low bank of earth between fields around sapling, and to water, drought resisting, one layer of rice straw of paving prevents the Exposure to Sunlight soil water Shunting is lost too fast;
Step 5:It is colonized shaping
Shaping is carried out to above-mentioned navel orange seedling after field planting, major branch, the extension branch cutting back 1/3~1/2 of secondary major branch promote to cut Bud takes out the young sprout for sending out strong;
Step 6:Regular maintenance
First Year after plantation will spray treelet nutritional agents to transplanting seedlings in time, and every dosage 0.8-1.2L is long after plantation Young leaves starts foliage-spray, every 10-20 days spray 1 time, while need give crop watering, keep soil moisture be 50%~ 65%, and afforest after 4~June need weeding to foster 1~2 time, strengthen the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, use 80,%00 bacterium for the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control Clear 560 times, 60% can kill 600 times, 50% carbendazim 620 is again in the phase of sprouting, bud stage and phase of bearing fruit every 10~20 natural gift It is other that navel orange plant is sprayed once;
Step 7:Trimming
The trimming of treelet phase is carried out to the thin and delicate branch on major branch after the tip rudiment of First Year spring, in the tip rudiment of Second Year spring Extend the trimming that branch carries out growth stage shaping to major branch and major branch afterwards, branch is extended to major branch in three annual bearings and secondary major branch prolongs Long shoot carries out the trimming of best fruiting period shaping;
Step 8:Daily management
In the The Spring and Autumn Period of navel orange growth, the influence of citrus pest and disease damage is subject to, now needs to be directed to navel orange trees dry-spray Insecticidal liquid;Weather arid is such as run into the period of expanding in florescence and fruit to irrigate in time;Needed before arriving in the winter time One layer of lime is applied on navel orange trunk.
Three groups of embodiments more than insert thick fertilizer 4~6 it may be concluded that in step 3 in each planting pit Kilogram, 0.5~1.5 kilogram of phosphate fertilizer, 1.5~2.5 kilograms of cake fertilizer, navel orange growth time is most short when 3~5 kilograms of farm manure, institute The fruit number of harvest is most.
Based on above-mentioned, the present invention determine cave by first selection of land, then carries out application soil fertility quality, mistake one to determining the plant hole behind cave Nursery stock is transplanted again after the section time, then waits navel orange trees to grow up result, is required in each year during 3 years of proliferation seedling growth Navel orange trees are trimmed, also need to look after sapling constantly in daily growth course, insect prevention maintenance is done in watering regular to sapling With maintaining of being passed the winter to sapling.
The basic principles, principal features and advantages of the present invention have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry should Understand, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, the original for simply illustrating the present invention described in above-described embodiment and specification Reason, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and modifications of the present invention are possible, these changes and improvements It all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention is by appended claims and its Xiao Wu circle It is fixed.

Claims (9)

1. the efficient implantation methods of a kind of navel orange, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step 1:Selection of land
Fertile soil is selected, sunny, it is convenient to irrigate, and height above sea level is 100~300 meters of mountain region or terraced fields as navel orange kind Plant place;
Step 2:Dig planting pit
On the mountain region or hillside of 100~300 meters of height above sea level, centered on field planting point, excavate length and width and depth is respectively 0.8~1 meter, 0.8~1 meter and 0.7~0.9 meter of planting pit;
Step 3:Planting pit processing
Thick 4~6 kilograms of fertilizer, 0.5~1.5 kilogram of phosphate fertilizer, 1.5~2.5 kilograms of cake fertilizer, farm manure 3 are inserted in each planting pit ~5 kilograms, one layer of fine earth is covered on fertilizer, thin film is being covered on fine earth;
Step 4:Transplanted seedling tree
In late Febuary~mid-March or early October in autumn~early November, the healthy and strong nursery stock wood of growth selection carries out band soil Transplanting, nursery stock are planted in planting pit center vertically, and root system is unfolded layering and is put into, and one layer of fibrous root, one layer of fine earth, fibrous root is filled with soil Tap is touched, and trains a circle low bank of earth between fields around sapling, and to water, drought resisting, one layer of rice straw of paving prevents the Exposure to Sunlight soil water from shunting Lose too fast;
Step 5:It is colonized shaping
Shaping is carried out to above-mentioned navel orange seedling after field planting, by major branch, the extension branch cutting back 1/3~1/2 of secondary major branch, promotes to cut bud and takes out The young sprout for sending out strong;
Step 6:Regular maintenance
First Year after plantation will spray treelet nutritional agents to the crop transplanted seedlings in time, and keep soil moisture be 50%~ 65%, and afforest after 4~June need weeding to foster 1~2 time, strengthen the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control;
Step 7:Trimming
The trimming of treelet phase is carried out to the thin and delicate branch on major branch after the tip rudiment of First Year spring, it is right after the tip rudiment of Second Year spring Major branch and major branch extend the trimming that branch carries out growth stage shaping, extend branch to major branch in three annual bearings and secondary major branch extends branch Carry out the trimming of best fruiting period shaping;
Step 8:Daily management
In the The Spring and Autumn Period of navel orange growth, the influence of citrus pest and disease damage is subject to, now needs to be directed to navel orange trees dry-spray liquid Desinsection;Weather arid is such as run into the period of expanding in florescence and fruit to irrigate in time;Needed before arriving in the winter time One layer of lime is applied on navel orange trunk.
2. the efficient implantation methods of a kind of navel orange according to claim 1, it is characterised in that adjacent in the step 2 Two definite value caves between distance be 3 meters.
A kind of 3. efficient implantation methods of navel orange according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 3, thick fertilizer Fill out in the bottom, other fertilizer, which stir, to be filled out on thick fertilizer, and after fertilizer completes, one layer of fine earth, fine earth are covered on fertilizer On covering thin film, carry out transplanted seedling tree after vacant 1~2 month.
A kind of 4. efficient implantation methods of navel orange according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 4, plant After must pour root water, be defined by soil moisture saturation, make root system and the close knot of soil, upper one layer of lid loosens the soil, then with straw, miscellaneous The thing clayed aluminium alloy such as grass.
5. the efficient implantation methods of a kind of navel orange according to claim 1, it is characterised in that treelet is sought in the step 6 Agent is supported, is made up of following components in percentage by weight:Plant Organic Selenium 0.01~0.05%, propionylbrassinolide 0.0005% ~0.001%, ascorbic acid 0.002~0.003%, vitamin B10.002~0.005%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5%~ 0.9%, lignin zinc carbonate 0.001%~0.002%, remaining is clear water, every dosage 0.8-1.2L of nutritional agents is sprayed, in kind Long young leaves starts foliage-spray after plant, is sprayed 1 time every 10-20 days.
A kind of 6. efficient implantation methods of navel orange according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 6, for The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control using 560 times of 80% Bravo, 60% can kill 600 times, 50% carbendazim 620 is again in the phase of sprouting, bud stage Navel orange plant was sprayed once respectively every 10~20 days with the phase of bearing fruit.
A kind of 7. efficient implantation methods of navel orange according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 7, seedling Phase is trimmed, and the thin and delicate branch on above-mentioned major branch is trimmed after the tip rudiment of First Year spring, by " three, which take out one, five, takes out two " principle and dredge Cut, retain the skirt branch of middle and lower part branch and master branch base portion, when spring, autumn growth grow into 17~20 centimetres, 8 leaf pinching are stayed, to life Prosperous summer shoot was grown, in 20 centimeters pinching.
A kind of 8. efficient implantation methods of navel orange according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 7, growth Phase pruning, the thin and delicate branch that above-mentioned major branch and major branch extend on branch is trimmed after the tip rudiment of Second Year spring, continue to choose life The branch of changqiang extends branch as major branch and width major branch extends branch.
A kind of 9. efficient implantation methods of navel orange according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step 7, Sheng Guo Phase pruning, cutting back major branch extends branch when three annual bearings and secondary major branch extends branch, summer shoot of erasing, puts autumn growth in good time, promotees Send out autumn growth healthy and strong, the long tip stays five buds, prunes overstocked branch off, intersects branch, decline branch group, without leaf inflorescence branch, thorax branch in reservation.
CN201711138916.3A 2017-11-16 2017-11-16 A kind of efficient implantation methods of navel orange Pending CN107873208A (en)

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CN108781954A (en) * 2018-04-20 2018-11-13 申琳 A kind of disease resistance method improving navel orange trees
CN108781978A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-11-13 江西省东篱柚业科技有限公司 A method of reducing citrusfruit abnormal rate

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CN108781978A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-11-13 江西省东篱柚业科技有限公司 A method of reducing citrusfruit abnormal rate

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Application publication date: 20180406