CN114538095B - Glass blanking system, toughened glass production line and blanking method - Google Patents

Glass blanking system, toughened glass production line and blanking method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114538095B
CN114538095B CN202110771517.0A CN202110771517A CN114538095B CN 114538095 B CN114538095 B CN 114538095B CN 202110771517 A CN202110771517 A CN 202110771517A CN 114538095 B CN114538095 B CN 114538095B
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China
Prior art keywords
glass
sheet
conveying
waiting
sheet discharging
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CN114538095A (en
Inventor
赵雁
窦高峰
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Luoyang Landglass Technology Co Ltd
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Luoyang Landglass Technology Co Ltd
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Publication of CN114538095A publication Critical patent/CN114538095A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G49/00Conveying systems characterised by their application for specified purposes not otherwise provided for
    • B65G49/05Conveying systems characterised by their application for specified purposes not otherwise provided for for fragile or damageable materials or articles
    • B65G49/06Conveying systems characterised by their application for specified purposes not otherwise provided for for fragile or damageable materials or articles for fragile sheets, e.g. glass
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/50Glass production, e.g. reusing waste heat during processing or shaping
    • Y02P40/57Improving the yield, e-g- reduction of reject rates

Abstract

The invention discloses a glass blanking system, a toughened glass production line and a blanking method, wherein the glass blanking system comprises the following components: the glass conveying machine, the sheet discharging table and the sheet waiting table are sequentially arranged along the glass conveying direction; the sheet discharging platform is provided with a sheet discharging supporting platform and a sheet discharging conveying device, the sheet discharging supporting platform can ascend and descend relative to the sheet discharging conveying device, and the sheet waiting platform is provided with a sheet waiting supporting platform; the glass conveyor comprises a pushing head, the pushing head is arranged above the sheet discharging table or the sheet waiting table, and when the sheet discharging supporting platform is positioned below the sheet discharging conveying device, the sheet discharging conveying device is used for conveying glass from the last station to the sheet discharging table; when the sheet discharging supporting platform ascends to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device, the conveying surface of the sheet discharging supporting platform is flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting supporting platform, and the pushing head can drive glass to slide onto the sheet waiting supporting platform from the sheet discharging supporting platform. The glass blanking system reduces the occupied area of the blanking system; realizing the light weight of glass turnover and blanking equipment.

Description

Glass blanking system, toughened glass production line and blanking method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of glass deep processing, in particular to a glass blanking system, a toughened glass production line using the system and a blanking method of the glass blanking system.
Background
In the technical field of glass deep processing, the glass sheets processed in the same batch are required to be subjected to sheet feeding, for example, an existing toughened glass production line mainly comprises a sheet feeding system, a heating furnace, a toughening cooling system and a sheet feeding system, the heating furnace and the toughening cooling system are used for simultaneously processing the arranged glass sheets in the same batch respectively, the sheet feeding system is used for splitting and placing the toughened glass sheets in the same batch at a designated position, the sheet feeding system is used for feeding by manpower, the labor intensity is high, the sheet feeding efficiency is low, the damage to the glass is easy to cause in the manual conveying process, and the automatic sheet feeding of the sheet feeding system is a development trend of the toughened glass production line in the future.
The automatic blanking system of the existing toughened glass production line is generally provided with a conveying device above the blanking system, and the existing conveying device is generally used for completing turnover blanking of glass in a mode of hoisting or grabbing the glass. Because the density of the glass is high, the quality is larger, the lifting device or the gripping device is required to provide larger lifting force or clamping force to ensure the safe taking and placing of the glass, the lifting device or the gripping device has stronger rigidity requirement on the lifting device or the gripping device and the conveying track thereof, and when the lifting device or the gripping device lifts or grips the glass, the conveying device of the glass is required to have larger driving force, the heavy weight of the conveying device is caused, and the manufacturing cost and the energy consumption of the conveying device are higher; especially when transporting the great glass of size, conveyer's manufacturing cost and energy consumption can be higher to when hoist device or grabbing device break down, can cause the damage of glass in the in-process of getting and putting glass, still have the potential safety hazard, glass piece efficiency down also can not satisfy the production requirement of enterprise.
Disclosure of Invention
A first object of the present invention is to provide a glass blanking system which occupies a small area and can stably realize turnover blanking of glass by using a lightweight transportation device.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme of the glass blanking system is as follows:
a glass blanking system comprising: the glass conveying machine, the sheet discharging table and the sheet waiting table are sequentially arranged along the glass conveying direction;
the sheet discharging platform is provided with a sheet discharging supporting platform and a sheet discharging conveying device, the sheet discharging supporting platform can ascend and descend relative to the sheet discharging conveying device, and the sheet waiting platform is provided with a sheet waiting supporting platform;
the glass conveyor comprises a pushing head, wherein the pushing head is arranged above the sheet discharging table or the sheet waiting table, and when the sheet discharging supporting platform is positioned below the sheet discharging conveying device, the sheet discharging conveying device is used for conveying glass from the last station to the sheet discharging table; when the sheet discharging supporting platform is positioned above the sheet discharging conveying device, the conveying surface of the sheet discharging supporting platform is flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting supporting platform, and the pushing head can drive glass to slide from the sheet discharging supporting platform to the sheet waiting supporting platform.
Further, the glass conveyor further comprises: the longitudinal conveying rail is arranged on the glass lower sheet system frame, the cross beam is arranged above the longitudinal conveying rail, and the pushing head is arranged on the cross beam; the cross beam can slide along the longitudinal conveying track, and the pushing head can slide along the cross beam.
Further, the pushing head is a sucking disc component, and a touch pressing plate or a side clamping device with flexible materials is arranged on the lower surface of the pushing head.
Further, the longitudinal transport rail covers at least a portion of the outfeed support platform and a portion of the candidate sheet support platform.
Further, the area of the sheet discharging supporting platform is smaller than or equal to the area of the sheet discharging conveying device. The glass discharging and conveying device conveys multiple pieces of glass, and the glass discharging support platform can jack up the multiple pieces of glass in batches and complete discharging.
Further, the standby table and the sheet discharging table share a frame. If the glass conveyor is used together with a frame, the installation of a longitudinal rail of the glass conveyor can be facilitated; if the waiting table and the discharging table are arranged in a split mode, the detachable type automatic sheet discharging table can be conveniently detached.
Further, go out piece supporting platform and/or waiting piece supporting platform is floater supporting platform, floater supporting platform includes: the universal support elements are arranged on the frame and provide support for the glass.
Further, the sheet discharging support platform and/or the sheet waiting support platform are/is an air-floating support platform, and the air-floating support platform supports the glass through air.
Further, the sheet discharging support platform and/or the sheet waiting support platform are/is a low-resistance sliding platform, and the low-resistance sliding platform is composed of a support piece with the friction coefficient with glass being less than or equal to 0.3.
Further, the waiting piece table is also provided with a waiting piece conveying device, and the waiting piece supporting platform can ascend and descend relative to the waiting piece conveying device; the piece supporting platform is located go out piece conveyor top, simultaneously when waiting piece supporting platform to be located waiting piece conveyor top, go out piece supporting platform's transport face with waiting piece supporting platform's transport face parallel and level.
Further, the glass blanking system further comprises a bidirectional transmission table, wherein the bidirectional transmission table is arranged at the rear end of the glass waiting table in the glass conveying direction, and comprises: the transverse conveying mechanism can ascend and descend relative to the longitudinal conveying mechanism; when the transverse conveying mechanism is positioned below the longitudinal conveying mechanism, the conveying surface of the longitudinal conveying mechanism is flush with the conveying surface of the waiting sheet conveying device.
Further, the bidirectional transmission platform is provided with a transverse leaning gear at the tail end of the conveying direction of the transverse conveying mechanism, and one end or two ends of the longitudinal conveying mechanism are provided with longitudinal leaning gears.
Further, the glass blanking system further comprises a turnover blanking table which is arranged adjacent to the bidirectional transmission table transversely.
Further, the glass blanking system further includes: a first glass storage rack and a first overturning lower piece table; the first upset piece platform of down sets up in glass direction of delivery wait piece platform rear end includes: the first overturning sheet taking device and the first longitudinal conveying device are used for conveying glass from the sheet waiting table to the first overturning lower sheet table; the first overturning and taking device can ascend and descend relative to the first longitudinal conveying device; the first glass storage frames are one or two, are transversely arranged on one side or two sides of the first overturning lower sheet table, and the first overturning sheet taking device is used for taking glass on the first overturning lower sheet table and placing the glass on the first glass storage frames.
Further, the glass blanking system further includes: the two-way transmission station is one or two; the bidirectional transmission platform is arranged at the rear end of the first overturning lower piece platform in the glass conveying direction, and comprises: a longitudinal conveying mechanism, a transverse conveying mechanism, and a lifting mechanism, wherein the transverse conveying mechanism can lift and lower relative to the longitudinal conveying mechanism.
Further, the glass blanking system further includes: a second overturning lower sheet table and a second glass storage rack; the method comprises the steps of carrying out a first treatment on the surface of the The second overturning lower sheet tables are in one-to-one correspondence with the second glass storage frames to form second overturning lower sheet groups, and the second overturning lower sheet groups are arranged on one side or two sides of the bidirectional transmission table; the second flip lower platen is disposed laterally adjacent to the bi-directional transfer platen, comprising: the second overturning sheet taking device and the second transverse conveying device are used for conveying glass from the bidirectional conveying table to the second overturning sheet discharging table; the second overturning and taking device can ascend and descend relative to the second transverse conveying device; the second glass storage frame is transversely adjacent to the second overturning lower sheet table, and the second overturning sheet taking device is used for taking glass on the second overturning lower sheet table and placing the glass on the second glass storage frame.
Further, the glass blanking system further includes: a third glass storage rack and a third overturning lower piece table; the third upset piece platform down sets up in glass direction of delivery's two-way transmission platform rear end includes: a third turnover sheet taking device and a third longitudinal conveying device for conveying glass from the bidirectional conveying table to the third turnover sheet discharging table; the third overturning and taking device can ascend and descend relative to the third longitudinal conveying device; the third glass storage frame is longitudinally adjacent to the third overturning lower sheet table, and the third overturning sheet taking device is used for taking glass on the third overturning lower sheet table and placing the glass on the third glass storage frame.
Further, the glass blanking system further includes: a longitudinal conveying table, a fourth overturning lower sheet table and a fourth glass storage frame which are conveyed along the glass conveying direction; the longitudinal conveying table is arranged at the rear end of the first overturning lower sheet table in the glass conveying direction; the fourth upset piece platform down sets up in glass direction of delivery's vertical transport platform rear end includes: a fourth turnover sheet-taking device and a fourth longitudinal conveying device for conveying glass from the longitudinal conveying table to the fourth turnover lower sheet table; the fourth overturning and taking device can ascend and descend relative to the fourth longitudinal conveying device; the fourth glass storage frame is longitudinally adjacent to the fourth overturning lower sheet table, and the fourth overturning sheet taking device is used for taking glass on the fourth overturning lower sheet table and placing the glass on the fourth glass storage frame.
According to the glass blanking system, after a plurality of pieces of glass are conveyed to the sheet discharging table through the sheet discharging conveying device, the sheet discharging supporting platform can be positioned above the sheet discharging conveying device, and then the glass is dragged by the glass conveyor to slide on the surfaces of the sheet discharging supporting platform and the sheet waiting supporting platform, so that the glass stays at the corresponding set position of the sheet waiting supporting platform. The glass blanking system is convenient for turnover and automatic blanking of glass, overcomes the defect of manual blanking, and avoids the problems of easy damage to the glass and potential safety hazard in the blanking process; the occupied area of the blanking system is reduced; realizing the light weight of glass turnover and blanking equipment.
The second object of the invention is to provide a toughened glass production line, which has small occupied area and can stably realize turnover and blanking of glass by adopting a light conveying device.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme of the toughened glass production line is as follows:
a toughened glass production line comprises a glass blanking system, a heating furnace, a toughened cooling system and the glass blanking system which are sequentially arranged.
According to the toughened glass production line, the occupied area of the production line can be reduced by arranging the glass blanking system, the automatic blanking and the light weight of relevant blanking equipment are realized, the blanking efficiency and the safety of glass are greatly improved, and the glass breakage is reduced.
The third object of the invention is to provide a glass blanking method of the glass blanking system, which can fully embody the characteristics of small occupied area of the glass blanking system, light equipment and high efficiency and stability of blanking.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme of the blanking method of the glass blanking system is as follows:
the glass blanking method of the glass blanking system adopts the glass blanking system and comprises the following steps:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table;
S2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform, and lifting all the glass above the sheet discharging support platform to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform;
s3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, controlling the pushing head to slide a piece of glass from the piece outlet supporting platform to a set position of the piece waiting supporting platform;
s4: and moving the glass block of the glass block supporting platform to the next station.
Further, S5: and S3 to S4 are repeated, and all the glass on the sheet discharging support platform is moved to the next station sheet by sheet.
S6, conveying the residual glass to a preset position on the sheet discharging table by the sheet discharging conveying device; s7, repeating the steps S2 to S5, and moving all the glass on the sheet discharging support platform to the next station sheet by sheet; until all the glass on the sheet discharging table is moved to the next station.
Further, the pushing head pushes down the surface of the glass to drive the glass to slide from the initial position on the glass sheet supporting platform to the appointed position on the glass sheet supporting platform.
Further, the pushing head is used for driving the glass to slide from the initial position on the waiting sheet supporting platform to the appointed position on the cloth sheet supporting platform by adsorbing the surface of the glass.
Further, the pushing head clamps the glass from the side edge so as to drive the glass to slide from the initial position on the waiting sheet supporting platform to the appointed position on the cloth sheet supporting platform.
The method for blanking by adopting the glass blanking system fully reflects the characteristics of small occupied area, light equipment and high and stable blanking.
The fourth object of the invention is to provide another glass blanking method of the glass blanking system, which can fully embody the characteristics of small occupied area of the glass blanking system, light equipment and stable blanking.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme of the blanking method of the glass blanking system is as follows:
the glass blanking method of the glass blanking system adopts the glass blanking system and comprises the following steps:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table;
s2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform, and lifting all the glass above the sheet discharging support platform to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform;
S3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, controlling the pushing head to slide a piece of glass from the piece outlet supporting platform to a set position of the piece waiting supporting platform;
s4: controlling the waiting sheet supporting platform to descend below the waiting sheet conveying device, and enabling the glass to fall onto the waiting sheet conveying device;
s5: and controlling the waiting sheet conveying device to convey the glass block to the next station.
Further, S6 and S7 are included; s6: lifting the waiting sheet supporting platform to the position above the waiting sheet conveying device, so that the conveying surface of the waiting sheet supporting platform is level with the conveying surface of the discharging sheet supporting platform; s7: and repeating S3 to S6, and conveying all the glass sheets to the next station.
Further, S8 and S9 are included, wherein S8, the sheet discharging conveying device conveys the residual glass to a preset position on the sheet discharging table; s9, repeating the steps S2 to S7, and moving all the glass on the sheet discharging support platform to the next station sheet by sheet; until all the glass on the sheet discharging table is moved to the next station.
The method for blanking by adopting the glass blanking system fully reflects the characteristics of small occupied area, light equipment and high and stable blanking.
The fifth object of the present invention is to provide another glass unloading method of the glass unloading system, which can fully embody the characteristics of small occupied area of the glass unloading system, light equipment and stable unloading.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme of the blanking method of the glass blanking system is as follows:
the glass blanking method of the glass blanking system adopts the glass blanking system and comprises the following steps:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table;
s2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform, and lifting all the glass above the sheet discharging support platform to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform;
s3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, controlling the pushing head to slide a piece of glass from the piece outlet supporting platform to a set position of the piece waiting supporting platform;
s4: controlling the waiting sheet supporting platform to descend below the waiting sheet conveying device, wherein the glass falls on the waiting sheet conveying device;
S5: controlling the waiting sheet conveying device and the longitudinal conveying mechanism to convey the glass to a preset position of the bidirectional conveying table;
s6: controlling the transverse conveying mechanism to rise above the longitudinal conveying mechanism so that the glass block falls on the transverse conveying mechanism;
s7: the transverse conveying mechanism conveys the glass block to the next station.
Further, the method also comprises S8, controlling the transverse conveying mechanism to descend below the longitudinal conveying mechanism.
Further, after S5, repeating S6 'and S7' until all the remaining glass is transported to the next station sheet by sheet; s6', lifting the waiting sheet supporting platform to the position above the waiting sheet conveying device, and enabling the conveying surface of the waiting sheet supporting platform to be level to the conveying surface of the discharging sheet supporting platform; s7': s3 to S8 are performed.
Further, S7 is: the transverse conveying mechanism conveys the glass block to the overturning blanking table, and the glass block is placed to the next station from the transverse conveying mechanism through the overturning blanking table.
The method for blanking by adopting the glass blanking system fully reflects the characteristics of small occupied area, light equipment and high and stable blanking.
The sixth object of the present invention is to provide another glass unloading method of the glass unloading system, which can fully embody the characteristics of small occupied area of the glass unloading system, light equipment and stable unloading.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme of the blanking method of the glass blanking system is as follows:
the glass blanking method of the glass blanking system adopts the glass blanking system and comprises the following steps:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table;
s2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform, and lifting all the glass above the sheet discharging support platform to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform;
s3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, controlling the pushing head to slide a piece of glass from the piece outlet supporting platform to a set position of the piece waiting supporting platform;
s4: controlling the waiting sheet supporting platform to descend below the waiting sheet conveying device, wherein the glass falls on the waiting sheet conveying device;
s5: controlling the waiting sheet conveying device and the first longitudinal conveying device to convey the glass to a preset position of the first overturning lower sheet table;
S6: and controlling the first overturning and sheet taking device to ascend to the upper part of the first longitudinal conveying device, and taking glass by using the first overturning and sheet taking device and placing the glass on the first glass storage rack.
Further, the blanking method further includes S7: and S3 to S6, placing all the glass on the sheet discharging support platform on the first glass storage frame sheet by sheet.
The method for blanking by adopting the glass blanking system fully reflects the characteristics of small occupied area, light equipment and high and stable blanking.
The seventh object of the present invention is to provide another glass unloading method of the glass unloading system, which can fully embody the characteristics of small occupied area of the glass unloading system, light equipment and stable unloading.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme of the blanking method of the glass blanking system is as follows:
the glass blanking method of the glass blanking system adopts the glass blanking system and comprises the following steps:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table;
s2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform, and lifting all the glass above the sheet discharging support platform to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform;
S3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, controlling the pushing head to slide a piece of glass from the piece outlet supporting platform to a set position of the piece waiting supporting platform;
s4: controlling the waiting sheet supporting platform to descend below the waiting sheet conveying device, wherein the glass falls on the waiting sheet conveying device;
s5: controlling the waiting sheet conveying device, the first longitudinal conveying device and the longitudinal conveying mechanism to convey the glass block to a preset position of the bidirectional conveying table;
s6: and controlling the transverse conveying mechanism to rise to the position above the longitudinal conveying mechanism, and controlling the transverse conveying mechanism and the second transverse conveying device to convey the glass to the preset position of the second overturning lower piece table.
S7: and controlling the second overturning and sheet taking device to ascend to the upper part of the second transverse conveying device, and taking glass by using the second overturning and sheet taking device and placing the glass on the second glass storage rack.
Further, the blanking method further includes S8: and S3 to S7, placing all the glass on the sheet discharging support platform on the second glass storage frame sheet by sheet.
The method for blanking by adopting the glass blanking system fully reflects the characteristics of small occupied area, light equipment and high and stable blanking.
The eighth object of the present invention is to provide another glass unloading method of the glass unloading system, which can fully embody the characteristics of small occupied area of the glass unloading system, light equipment and stable unloading.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme of the blanking method of the glass blanking system is as follows:
the glass blanking method of the glass blanking system adopts the glass blanking system and comprises the following steps:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table;
s2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform, and lifting all the glass above the sheet discharging support platform to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform;
s3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, controlling the pushing head to slide a piece of glass from the piece outlet supporting platform to a set position of the piece waiting supporting platform;
s4: controlling the waiting sheet supporting platform to descend below the waiting sheet conveying device, wherein the glass falls on the waiting sheet conveying device;
s5: controlling the glass waiting sheet conveying device, the first longitudinal conveying device, the longitudinal conveying table and the fourth longitudinal conveying device to convey the glass to a preset position of the fourth turnover sheet discharging table;
S6: and controlling the fourth overturning and sheet taking device to ascend to the upper part of the fourth longitudinal conveying device, and taking glass by using the fourth overturning and sheet taking device and placing the glass on the fourth glass storage rack.
Further, the blanking method further includes S7: and S3 to S6, placing all the glass on the sheet discharging support platform on the fourth glass storage frame sheet by sheet.
The method for blanking by adopting the glass blanking system fully reflects the characteristics of small occupied area, light equipment and high and stable blanking.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic top view of a glass downsheet system provided in example 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing the structure of a glass conveyor in the down-sheet system according to embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged partial schematic view of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic top view of a glass blanking system according to embodiment 2 of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic top view of another glass downsheet system provided in example 2 of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic top view of another glass downsheet system provided in example 2 of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic top view of another glass downsheet system provided in example 2 of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic top view of another glass downsheet system provided in example 2 of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic top view of another glass downsheet system provided in example 2 of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic top view of a tempered glass production line provided in embodiment 3 of the present invention;
in the figure:
1, a slice discharging table; 1-1, a piece-discharging supporting platform; 1-2, a sheet discharging and conveying device; 1-3-a photoelectric sensing device; 2, a waiting table; 2-1, a weather piece supporting platform; 2-a waiting sheet conveying device; 3-a bidirectional transmission station; 3-1, a transverse conveying mechanism; 3-2-a longitudinal conveying mechanism; 3-3, longitudinal gear leaning; 3-4, transverse gear leaning; 4, turning over the lower sheet table; 4-1, turning over a tablet taking table; 4-1-a turnover platform; 4-1-2-a tablet taking device; 4-2-a lower sheet transmission platform; 5-a frame; 5-1-a longitudinal conveying track; 6, a cross beam; 6-1, a transverse conveying track; 7-a pushing head; 8-a glass storage rack; 9-a glass loading system; 10-a heating furnace; 11-a tempering cooling unit; 12-glass blanking system; 13-a first glass storage rack; 14-a first overturning blanking table; 14-1, a first overturning and taking device; 14-2-a first longitudinal conveyor; 15-a second glass storage rack; 16-a second overturning lower piece table; 16-1, a second overturning and taking device; 16-2-a second transverse conveying device; 17-a third glass storage rack; 18-a third overturning lower piece table; 18-1 to a third overturning and taking device; 18-2-a third longitudinal conveyor; 19-a longitudinal conveying table; 20-a fourth glass storage rack; 21-fourth overturning piece-feeding table; 21-1 to fourth overturning and taking device; 21-2-fourth longitudinal conveying device.
Detailed Description
In order that those skilled in the art will better understand the solution of the present invention, the following description of the technical solution of the present invention will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in which embodiments of the present invention are illustrated, and it is apparent that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. All other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art based on the examples of the invention without making any inventive effort shall fall within the scope of the invention.
In the description of the present embodiment, the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", and the like indicate an azimuth or a positional relationship based on that shown in the drawings, and are merely for convenience of description and simplification of the description, and do not indicate or imply that the apparatus or element in question must have a specific azimuth, be constructed and operated in a specific azimuth, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and the like, are used merely to distinguish between similar objects and should not be construed as a particular order or sequence, it being understood that such uses may be interchanged where appropriate.
In order to more clearly describe the technical solution of the present invention, the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and with reference to the embodiments. Embodiments and features of embodiments in this application may be combined with each other without conflict.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1-3, this embodiment provides a glass downsheet system of the present invention, comprising: the glass conveying machine, a sheet discharging table 1 and a sheet waiting table 2 are sequentially arranged along the glass conveying direction;
the sheet discharging platform 1 is provided with a sheet discharging supporting platform 1-1 and a sheet discharging conveying device 1-2, the sheet discharging supporting platform 1-1 can ascend and descend relative to the sheet discharging conveying device 1-2, and the sheet waiting platform 2 is provided with a sheet waiting supporting platform 2-1; the standby table 2 and the discharge table 1 share a frame.
The glass conveyor comprises a pushing head 7, wherein the pushing head 7 is arranged above the sheet discharging table 1 or the sheet waiting table 2, and when the sheet discharging supporting platform 1-1 is positioned below the sheet discharging conveying device 1-2, the sheet discharging conveying device 1-2 is used for conveying glass from the last station to the sheet discharging table 1; when the sheet discharging supporting platform 1-1 rises above the sheet discharging conveying device 1-2, the conveying surface of the sheet discharging supporting platform 1-1 is flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting supporting platform 2-1, and the pushing head 7 can drive glass to slide onto the sheet waiting supporting platform 2-1 from the sheet discharging supporting platform 1-1. The area of the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 is equal to the area of the sheet discharging conveying device 1-2.
In the glass blanking system of the embodiment, after the toughened glass sheets are conveyed to the sheet discharging table 1 through the sheet discharging conveying device 1-2, the sheet discharging supporting platform 1-1 can be lifted to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device 1-2, and then the glass is dragged by the glass conveyor to slide on the surfaces of the sheet discharging supporting platform 1-1 and the sheet waiting supporting platform 1-2, so that the glass stays at the corresponding set position of the sheet waiting supporting platform 2-1. The glass blanking system is convenient for turnover and automatic blanking of glass, overcomes the defect of manual blanking, and avoids the problems of glass damage and potential safety hazard in the blanking process; the occupied area of the blanking system is reduced; realizing the light weight of glass turnover and blanking equipment. It should be noted that, in the present embodiment, the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 and the sheet waiting support platform 2-1 can provide horizontal support for the glass, and the surfaces of the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 and the sheet waiting support platform 2-1 can be in an ideal smooth state so as to allow the glass to slide thereon.
The sheet discharging and conveying device 1-2 of the embodiment can be either a roller conveying device or a belt conveying device. The sheet discharging support platform 1-1 and the sheet waiting support platform 2-1 can carry out universal conveying on glass, and sliding refers to movement of the lower surface of the glass on the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 and the sheet waiting support platform 2-1. The roller conveying device comprises a plurality of conveying roller ways, and the belt conveying device comprises a plurality of belt conveying mechanisms.
In the present embodiment, the sheet discharging conveyor 1-2 is fixed in the height direction, and a driving device that is driven by hydraulic pressure, a motor, or the like is provided below the sheet discharging support platform 1-1, by which the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 is driven to rise and fall.
In other embodiments of the present invention, the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 may be fixed in the height direction, and the sheet discharging conveyor 1-2 may be driven by the driving device to move up and down with respect to the sheet discharging support platform 1-1.
When the glass is fed, a plurality of glass blocks in a plurality of rows and a plurality of columns are arranged on the glass feeding table 1, the glass blocks on the glass feeding table 1 are fed one by one through the pushing head 7, in order to ensure the regular feeding of the glass, the glass blocks in the row at the front end in the conveying direction are fed one by one, and the glass blocks in the same row can be fed from left to right or from right to left in the conveying direction.
In this embodiment, referring to fig. 1, the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 and/or the sheet waiting support platform 2-1 are floating ball support platforms, and the floating ball support platforms include a plurality of universal support elements mounted on the sheet discharging platform 1 and/or the sheet waiting platform 2, wherein the universal support elements may be universal wheels, universal bearings, universal balls or universal balls, and the plurality of universal support elements provide support for glass to form the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 and/or the sheet waiting support platform 2-1. When the glass conveyor needs to drive the glass to slide along a certain direction, the universal supporting element below the glass plays a role in supporting and guiding, so that the glass can move horizontally conveniently. When the sheet discharging and conveying device 1-2 is a roller conveying device, the universal supporting element of the sheet discharging and supporting platform 1-1 is arranged in the gap of the conveying roller.
In another embodiment of the present invention, the floating ball support platform may also be a plurality of ball grooves provided on the wafer discharging platform 1 and the wafer waiting platform 2 and support balls provided in the ball grooves, wherein the support balls can roll in the ball grooves, and the plurality of support balls provide support for the glass. When the glass conveyor needs to drive the glass to slide along a certain direction, the supporting balls can also play a role in supporting and guiding.
In another embodiment of the invention, the wafer outputting support platform 1-1 and the wafer waiting support platform 2-1 are air-floating support platforms, and the air-floating support platforms horizontally support glass through air. In this embodiment, the glass is moved on an air bearing platform by a pushing or pulling force provided by a glass conveyor.
In another embodiment of the present invention, the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 and the sheet waiting support platform 2-1 are support platforms with low friction coefficients, the conveying surface of the support platforms with low friction coefficients is composed of a support member with low friction coefficients, and the material of the support member is polytetrafluoroethylene. Alternatively, the support member may be a material having a coefficient of friction with glass of 0.3 or less.
Referring to fig. 2 to 3, the glass conveyor of the present embodiment includes: a longitudinal conveying rail 5-1 arranged on a glass lower sheet system frame 5, a cross beam 6 arranged above the longitudinal conveying rail 5-1, and a pushing head 7 arranged on the cross beam 6; the cross beam 6 is longitudinally slidable along the longitudinal conveying rail 5-1, and the pusher head 7 is laterally slidable along the cross beam 6. Alternatively, the longitudinal transport rail 5-1 may be mounted on a separate frame. The longitudinal conveying track 5-1 at least covers a part of the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 and a part of the sheet waiting support platform 2-1, and the requirement of the pushing head 7 for pushing glass can be met.
In the present embodiment, the cross member 6 is provided with a lateral conveyance rail 6-1, and the pusher head 7 moves laterally along the cross member 6 via the lateral conveyance rail 6-1.
The glass conveyor further comprises: a motor for driving the cross beam 6-1 to move in the longitudinal direction and a motor for driving the pusher head 7 to move in the transverse direction of the cross beam 6.
In the present embodiment, the pusher head 7 includes: the pushing head is used for controlling the driving mechanism of the pushing head to ascend and descend to a preset height, wherein the preset height is the height of the pushing head when the pushing head drives the glass to slide.
In this embodiment, the pushing head 7 may further be provided with a detecting element for detecting whether the pushing head 7 is in contact with glass within a certain period of time after the pushing head 7 is lowered to a predetermined height. The situation that some glass after heating and tempering cooling by the heating furnace can be damaged, because the action position of the pushing head on the glass is determined according to the glass position and the size information provided by the glass loading system 9, the pushing head can continue to act on the damaged glass, the pushing head can not contact the surface of the glass after acting for a certain time at a preset height, and the pushing head 7 is controlled to move to act on the other glass on the glass unloading supporting platform 1-1 according to the information fed back by the detecting element.
The driving mechanism of the present embodiment is an air cylinder, and in other embodiments, the driving mechanism may be an electric cylinder or an oil cylinder.
In one embodiment of the present invention, the lowest position of the driving mechanism can be adjusted, so as to adjust the distance between the pushing head 7 and the sheet discharging support platform 1-1, so as to ensure that the pushing head 7 can drive the glass to slide along the sheet discharging support platform 1-1.
In this embodiment, the pushing head 7 is a suction cup assembly, and the suction cup assembly is communicated with a vacuum pump. Specifically, the suction cup assembly includes: the sucking disc is used for pressing the surface of the glass, the sucking disc installation rod is connected between the sucking disc and the vacuum pump, and the spring is sleeved on the outer surface of the sucking disc installation rod and used for pressing the sucking disc. The vacuum pump works to enable the sucker to suck glass, and the friction force or the holding force between the sucker and the surface of the glass is utilized to provide thrust for the glass. The arrangement of the spring can increase the suction force of the sucker on the glass, so that the friction force between the sucker and the surface of the glass is increased, and the glass with different thicknesses can be adapted.
Preferably, the pusher head 7 comprises more than two suction cup assemblies. The push head 7 is provided with more than two sucker assemblies, so that the problems of rotation, slipping and the like caused by the glass sucking and conveying process under the contact of the push head 7 can be effectively prevented. In this embodiment, the pushing head includes three sucking disc components, and a plurality of sucking disc components can be installed through the sucking disc frame, and the sucking disc frame can be designed according to the sucking disc component number of installing as required. The pusher head 7 may also comprise a suction cup assembly, which is exchangeable, provided that it ensures an effective contact with the glass.
In another embodiment of the invention, the pusher head 7 comprises side gripping means for gripping the glass from the side of the opposite side of the glass. In this embodiment, the glass surface is required to be strictly protected, and the two side holding devices provided on the opposite sides of the glass may hold the glass from both the left and right sides in the glass conveyance direction or from both the front and rear sides in the glass conveyance direction.
In another embodiment of the present invention, the pusher head 7 further comprises a pressing plate for pressing the glass against the surface of the outfeed support platform 1-1. The touch panel may be made of a flexible material, or the lower surface of the touch panel is coated with a flexible material. The flexible material is used for increasing the friction force between the flexible material and the glass, ensuring the glass to stably turn around and avoiding damage to the hard contact of the glass surface. In particular, the touch panel may be a horizontally disposed wood board, plastic board, rubber board, or other plate-like member, and the flexible material may be a nonwoven fabric, soft rubber, or other common flexible material.
In the practical application process, the implementation modes of the three pushing heads 7 can be flexibly selected. For example, if the glass thickness is less than 5mm, the pushing head 7 may be implemented by applying downward pressure to the glass surface, that is, the pushing head 7 is implemented by adopting the above-described touch panel; if the thickness of the glass is greater than or equal to 5mm, the suction cup can be used for providing negative pressure to hold the glass, so that partial pressure applied to the glass discharging support platform 1-1 by the weight of the glass is counteracted, and the pushing head 7 conveniently drives the glass to slide on the surfaces of the glass discharging support platform 1-1 and the glass waiting support platform 2-1. The pushing head 7 arranged in the side clamping device mode can flexibly design the size of the side clamping device and the clamping force provided according to the thickness, the quality and the like of glass.
It should be noted that the pushing force of the pushing head 7 driving the glass to slide is greater than the friction force between the glass and the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 and the sheet waiting support platform 2-1.
The pushing head 7 further comprises a rotating mechanism, and the rotating mechanism is used for driving the pushing head 7 to horizontally rotate the glass on the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 or the sheet waiting support platform 2-1 by a certain angle. The rotating mechanism comprises a rotating motor and an encoder connected with the rotating motor. Since the glass is placed on the glass holding platform 2-1 by the pushing head 7, it may be necessary to adjust the posture of the glass and then to lower the glass.
In the embodiment, the waiting plate table 2 is further provided with a waiting plate conveying device 2-2, and the waiting plate supporting platform 2-1 can ascend and descend relative to the waiting plate conveying device 2-2; the sheet discharging supporting platform 1-1 is lifted to the upper side of the sheet discharging conveying device 1-2, and meanwhile, when the sheet waiting supporting platform 2-1 is lifted to the upper side of the sheet waiting conveying device 2-2, the conveying surface of the sheet discharging supporting platform 1-1 is flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting supporting platform 2-1. The waiting sheet conveying device 2-2 can be a roller conveying device or a belt conveying device.
In the present embodiment, the sheet conveying device 2-2 is fixed in the height direction, a driving device driven by hydraulic pressure or a motor or the like is provided below the sheet supporting platform 2-1, and the sheet supporting platform 2-1 is driven to rise and fall by the driving device.
In another embodiment of the present invention, the tablet-supporting platform 2-1 may be fixed in the height direction, and the tablet-conveying device 2-2 may be driven by the driving device to move up and down relative to the tablet-supporting platform 2-1.
By providing the sheet waiting conveyor 2-2, the sheet waiting table 1 can be used to continue conveying glass thereon in a direction away from the sheet feeding end thereof when the sheet waiting conveyor 2-2 is positioned above the sheet waiting support platform 2-1.
In this embodiment, the glass blanking system further includes a bi-directional transfer stage 3 longitudinally adjacent to the glass waiting stage 2, the bi-directional transfer stage 3 being disposed at a rear end of the glass waiting stage 2 in a glass conveying direction, the bi-directional transfer stage 3 including: the longitudinal conveying mechanism 3-2, the transverse conveying mechanism 3-1 can ascend and descend relative to the longitudinal conveying mechanism 3-2; when the lateral conveying mechanism 3-1 descends below the longitudinal conveying mechanism 3-2, the longitudinal conveying mechanism 3-2 is flush with the waiting sheet conveying device 2-2.
In the present embodiment, the vertical conveyance mechanism 3-2 is fixed in the height direction, and a driving device that is driven by a hydraulic pressure, a motor, or the like is provided below the lateral conveyance mechanism 3-1, by which the lateral conveyance mechanism 3-1 is driven to rise and fall. The lateral conveyance mechanism 3-1 of the present embodiment is composed of a plurality of belt conveyance devices provided in the same height direction.
In other embodiments of the present invention, the lateral transport mechanism 3-1 may be fixed in the height direction, and the longitudinal transport mechanism 3-2 may be moved up and down with respect to the lateral transport mechanism 3-1 by the driving device.
The longitudinal conveying mechanism 3-2 is arranged flush with the glass waiting sheet conveying device 2-2 so as to convey glass from the glass waiting sheet table 2 to the bidirectional conveying platform 3.
The arrangement of the bidirectional transmission table 3 changes the transmission direction of glass, so that the equipment at the front end and the rear end of the bidirectional transmission table 3 can transmit along the vertical direction, the equipment which transmits along a single direction can be prevented from occupying a larger space in one direction, and the purpose of fully utilizing the space in the transverse direction and the longitudinal direction can be achieved.
In the present embodiment, the bidirectional conveying platform 3 is provided with a lateral abutment 3-4 at the end of the conveying direction of the lateral conveying mechanism 3-1, and one or both ends of the longitudinal conveying mechanism 3-2 are provided with longitudinal abutments 3-3.
Preferably, the transverse leaning gear 3-4 and the longitudinal leaning gear 3-3 are both lifting leaning gears. Proximity switches can be arranged on the transverse leaning blocks 3-4 and the longitudinal leaning blocks 3-3, and when the edges of the glass are close, the corresponding leaning blocks can be lifted and lowered in a delay mode, so that the proximity switch in the embodiment is a photoelectric sensing device. The arrangement of the transverse leaning shelves 3-4 and the longitudinal leaning shelves 3-3 can adjust the posture of the glass so as to facilitate the falling of the glass.
In this embodiment, two ends of the bidirectional conveying platform, which are close to the standby table 2, are respectively provided with a liftable longitudinal leaning block 3-3, so that the bidirectional conveying platform 3 is conveniently placed, and in consideration of the situation that the bidirectional conveying platform 3 can be applied to a glass blanking system, only the longitudinal leaning block 3-3 of a conveying end is required to be completed when the bidirectional conveying platform is used, and the bidirectional conveying platform is not put into use. The glass conveying direction of the bidirectional conveying table is perpendicular to the sheet discharging direction of the sheet discharging table and the sheet waiting table, and the arrangement mainly considers the reasons of limited installation area of a factory building and the like; in the practical application process, a piece discharging device parallel to the conveying method can be arranged behind the piece waiting platform to convey glass according to the practical application environment.
In the embodiment, the glass blanking system further comprises a turnover blanking table 4 transversely adjacent to the bidirectional transmission table 3, wherein the turnover blanking table 4 comprises a turnover blanking table 4-1 and a blanking transmission platform 4-2 which is arranged below the turnover blanking table 4-1 for transverse transmission; when the turnover sheet taking platform 4-1 descends below the lower sheet conveying platform 4-2, the lower sheet conveying platform 4-2 is flush with the transverse conveying mechanism 3-1; the turnover tablet taking platform 4-1 comprises a turnover platform 4-1-1 and a tablet taking device 4-1-2 arranged above the turnover platform 4-1-1.
When the glass is conveyed onto the lower sheet conveying platform 4-2 along the transverse conveying mechanism 3-1, the turnover sheet taking platform 4-1 is lifted to the position above the lower sheet conveying platform 4-2, and the glass is taken down from the turnover lower sheet platform 4 through the sheet taking device 4-1-2, turned over and placed on the glass storage rack 8. Specifically, the sheet taking device 4-1-2 in this embodiment may be a suction cup device, when the glass is transferred to the lower sheet transferring platform 4-2 by the transverse transferring mechanism 3-1, the suction cup device rises above the lower sheet transferring platform 4-2, and when the suction cup device turns over the glass to place the glass on the glass storage rack 8 after sucking the glass, the air release valve of the suction cup starts to release the pressure of the suction cup on the glass, and then the turning sheet taking platform 4-1 turns over and then descends to the lower side of the lower sheet transferring platform 4-2 again, so as to transfer the next glass to the turning lower sheet platform 4.
In the actual glass discharging process, the glass is placed on the glass storage rack 8 after being discharged by the turnover discharging table 4, and in order to ensure stable glass placement, the long side of the glass is required to be parallel to the horizontal plane. After the pushing head 7 of the glass conveyor slides the glass from the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 to the sheet waiting support platform 2-1, whether the length direction of the glass is consistent with the conveying direction of the sheet discharging platform or the sheet waiting platform or not needs to be judged, and if so, the glass does not need to be rotated; if the length direction of the glass is perpendicular to the conveying direction of the glass feeding system, the pushing head 7 needs to be controlled to drive the glass to rotate by 90 degrees.
In the glass unloading system of this embodiment, glass is conveyed onto the unloading platform 1 from the previous station by the unloading conveying device 1-2, the unloading supporting platform 1-1 is lifted above the unloading conveying device 1-2, a plurality of pieces of toughened glass are supported onto the unloading supporting platform 1-1, at this time, the unloading supporting platform 2-1 is lifted above the unloading conveying device 2-2, the pushing mechanism 7 is controlled to drive the glass to slide and adjust the postures of the unloading supporting platform 1-1 and the unloading supporting platform 2-1, the glass slides at the preset position of the unloading supporting platform 2-1, the unloading supporting platform 2-1 is lowered below the unloading conveying device 2-2, the glass is conveyed onto the bidirectional conveying platform 3 by the unloading conveying device 2-2, the overturning and taking platform 4-1 is lifted above the unloading conveying platform 4-2, the glass is overturned onto the glass storage frame 8 by the unloading device 4-1-2, and the glass is released onto the glass storage frame 8 by the unloading device 4-2.
In the glass blanking system of this embodiment, referring to fig. 1, two bidirectional conveying platforms 3 are configured at the rear ends of the blank table 1 to perform blanking, and two overturning blanking tables 4 are respectively disposed at the rear ends of the two bidirectional conveying platforms 3, so that the blanking operation can be completed by using the two bidirectional conveying platforms 3 and two overturning blanking table associates. Therefore, the glass blanking system can fully utilize the field area, and blanking and glass placing are performed simultaneously through the two overturning blanking tables 4, so that the blanking efficiency is greatly improved.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 4 to 9, this embodiment provides another glass blanking system of the present invention, which is an improvement on the basis of embodiment 1, mainly including a change in arrangement of related devices, the constitution and operation principle of the devices being substantially the same as that of embodiment 1, and the present embodiment is described in detail with respect to the differences from embodiment 1. In particular, the following several examples may be presented, and according to the guiding ideas of the following examples, the person skilled in the art adjusts the arrangement of the corresponding devices, and the resulting other glass blanking system is still within the scope of the present application.
Example 1:
referring to fig. 4, the present example provides a glass blanking system including the sheet discharging station 1, the sheet waiting station 2, and the bidirectional conveying station 3 in embodiment 1, but the arrangement position of the bidirectional conveying station 3 is different from embodiment 1, the glass blanking system of the present example further includes: a first glass storage rack 13 and a first overturning lower sheet table 14; the first turnover lower stage 14 is provided at the rear end of the glass conveying direction waiting stage 2, and includes: a first turnover sheet taking device 14-1 and a first longitudinal conveying device 14-2 for conveying glass from the sheet waiting table 2 to the first turnover lower table 14; the first turnover sheet taking device 14-1 can ascend and descend relative to the first longitudinal conveying device 14-2; when the first overturning and sheet taking device 14-1 descends below the first longitudinal conveying device 14-2, the conveying surface of the first longitudinal conveying device 14-2 is flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting conveying device 2-2, and at the moment, the first longitudinal conveying device 14-2 is a fixed non-liftable device; the first glass storage frame 13 is laterally adjacent to the first turnover lower sheet stage 14, and the first turnover sheet taking device 14-1 is used for taking glass on the first turnover lower sheet stage 14 and placing the glass on the first glass storage frame 13. Alternatively, the first longitudinal conveying device 14-2 is a liftable device, and when the first longitudinal conveying device 14-2 rises above the first overturning and taking device 14-1, the conveying surface of the first longitudinal conveying device 14-2 is flush with the conveying surface of the waiting sheet conveying device 2-2. The first turnover sheet taking device 14-1 of the first turnover lower sheet table 14 may be further connected with a sliding mechanism or a transverse transmission mechanism, where the sliding mechanism can drive the first turnover sheet taking device 14-1 to move transversely, so as to drive the glass adsorbed by the first turnover sheet taking device 14-1 to move transversely; or the transverse transmission mechanism drives the glass to move transversely; the sliding mechanism comprises a sliding rail and a sliding block, and the first overturning piece taking device 14-1 is fixed on the sliding block. The two first glass storage frames 13 may be respectively disposed at two sides of the first turnover lower sheet table 14, and the first turnover lower sheet table 14 may respectively place glass on the two first glass storage frames 13.
The bidirectional transfer stage 3 of the present example is provided at the rear end of the first turnover lower stage 14 in the glass conveying direction, and includes: a longitudinal conveying mechanism 3-2, a transverse conveying mechanism 3-1, the transverse conveying mechanism 3-1 being capable of ascending and descending relative to the longitudinal conveying mechanism 3-2; when the transverse conveying mechanism 3-1 descends below the longitudinal conveying mechanism 3-2, the conveying surface of the longitudinal conveying mechanism 3-2 is flush with the conveying surface of the first longitudinal conveying device 14-2, and the transverse conveying mechanism 3-1 is a lifting mechanism. When the longitudinal transport mechanism 3-2 is a liftable mechanism, the transport surface of the longitudinal transport mechanism 3-1 is flush with the transport surface of the first longitudinal transport device 14-2 when the longitudinal transport mechanism 3-2 is lifted above the lateral transport mechanism 3-1.
The glass blanking system of the present example further includes: a second overturning lower sheet table 16 and a second glass storage rack 15; the second overturning lower sheet table 16 corresponds to the second glass storage frames 15 one by one to form a second overturning lower sheet group, and the second overturning lower sheet group is arranged on one side of the bidirectional transmission table; the second flip lower stage 16 is disposed laterally adjacent to the bi-directional transfer stage 3, and includes: a second inverting sheet-taking device 16-1 and a second lateral conveying device 16-2 for conveying glass from the two-way transfer table 3 to the second inverting lower sheet table 16; the second turnover sheet taking device 16-1 can ascend and descend relative to the second transverse conveying device 16-2; when the second overturning and sheet taking device 16-1 descends below the second transverse conveying device 16-2, the conveying surface of the second transverse conveying device 16-2 is flush with the conveying surface of the transverse conveying mechanism 3-1, and at the moment, the second transverse conveying device 16-2 is a fixed non-liftable device; the second glass storage frame 15 is laterally adjacent to the second turnover lower sheet stage 16, and the second turnover sheet taking device 16-1 is used for taking glass on the second turnover lower sheet stage 16 and placing the glass on the second glass storage frame 15. Alternatively, the second cross conveyor 16-2 is a liftable device.
The glass blanking system of the present example can realize the overturning blanking by the first overturning blanking table 14 or the overturning blanking by the second overturning blanking table 16; or one of the turnover lower tables is used as a standby lower table of the other turnover lower table, or the first turnover lower table 14 and the second turnover lower table 16 alternately lower the glass, so that when the first glass storage rack 13 or the second glass storage rack 15 is used for placing more glass, uninterrupted lower sheets can still be realized, and the lower sheet efficiency is improved. The equipment arrangement mode is suitable for a factory building with limited length.
The glass blanking system of the present example may also divide the glass specifications to be blanked, blanking the small-specification glass by the second overturning blanking table 16 and the second glass storing frame 15, blanking the medium-specification glass by the first glass storing frame 13 and the first overturning blanking table 14, and blanking the large-specification glass by the manpower at the blanking table and/or the cloth table, more specifically:
for small-sized glass smaller than the conveying surface size of the second turn-down table 16, the glass conveyor slides the glass from the outfeed table 1 to a certain position of the capstock table 2, after which the glass sequentially passes through the first turn-down table 14, the bi-directional transfer table 3, and then reaches a predetermined position of the second turn-down table 16, and the second turn-down table 16 places the glass upside down on the slave second glass storage shelf 15.
For small-size glass and medium-size glass smaller than the conveying surface size of the first turnover lower sheet table 14, the glass conveyor slides the glass from the sheet discharging table 1 to a certain position of the sheet waiting table 2, then reaches a preset position of the first turnover lower sheet table 14, and after the glass is adsorbed by the first turnover lower sheet table 14, the glass is turned over and placed on a first glass storage rack.
For large-size glass with the conveying surface size larger than that of the first overturning lower sheet table 14 and smaller than that of the Hou Pian table 2 and/or the conveying surface size of the sheet discharging table 1, the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 and/or the sheet waiting support platform 2-1 are manually used for discharging sheets, and the side rollers arranged on the side part of the sheet discharging table 1 can be further matched for discharging sheets. At this time, the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 and/or the sheet waiting support platform 2-1 are lifted, and the lower glass sheet is manually removed.
On the basis of adopting a glass conveyor, the blanking system can realize coordinated blanking of multiple paths by setting multiple blanking paths, and further realize the blanking requirement of a blanking system for glass with various specifications, such as small, medium and large glass by optimally designing the blanking paths of the glass with different specifications or different size ranges.
Note that the first glass storage frame 13 and the second glass storage frame 15 may be structured in accordance with the glass storage frame 8 in the embodiment; the first and second roll-off lower tables 14 and 16 may be operated in accordance with the roll-off lower table 4 of embodiment 1.
Example 2:
the glass blanking system provided in this example is an improvement on the basis of example 1, and referring to fig. 5, two bidirectional transfer tables 3 are arranged laterally in parallel at the rear end of a first turnover blanking table 14 in the glass conveying direction, each bidirectional transfer table 3 is provided with a laterally adjacent second turnover blanking table 16, and each second turnover blanking table 16 is provided with a laterally adjacent second glass storage rack 15.
The glass blanking system of the example can provide greater flexibility of the underground blanking, and further ensures the glass blanking efficiency.
Example 3:
the glass blanking system provided in this example is an improvement on the basis of example 1, and referring to fig. 6, second turnover blanking sets are provided on both lateral sides of the bidirectional conveying table 3, that is, second turnover blanking tables 16 are provided on both sides, and each second turnover blanking table 16 is provided with a second glass storage rack 15 adjacent laterally.
The glass blanking system of this example has a common effect with the glass blanking system of example 2.
Example 4:
the glass downsheet system provided by this example is an improvement over example 3, and referring to fig. 7, the glass downsheet system of this example further includes: a third glass storage rack 17 and a third overturning lower sheet table 18; the third overturning lower sheet stage 18 is arranged at the rear end of the bidirectional transmission stage 3 in the glass conveying direction and comprises: a third inverted sheet-taking device 18-1 and a third longitudinal conveying device 18-2 for conveying glass from the bidirectional conveying table 3 to the third inverted lower sheet table 18; the third flip chip handler 18-1 is capable of raising and lowering relative to the third longitudinal conveyor 18-2; when the third overturning sheet taking device 18-1 descends below the third longitudinal conveying device 18-2, the conveying surface of the third longitudinal conveying device 18-2 is flush with the conveying surface of the longitudinal conveying mechanism 3-2; the third glass storage frame 17 is longitudinally adjacent to the third turnover lower sheet stage 18, and the third turnover sheet taking device 18-1 is used for taking glass on the third turnover lower sheet stage 18 and placing the glass on the third glass storage frame 17.
The glass blanking system of the example can provide greater flexibility of the underground blanking, and further ensures the glass blanking efficiency.
Note that the third glass storage frame 17 may be structured in accordance with the glass storage frame 8 in embodiment 1; the third flip down table 18 may operate in accordance with the principles of the flip down table 4 of embodiment 1.
Example 5:
the glass downsheet system provided by this example is an improvement over example 1, the glass downsheet system of this example further comprising: a longitudinal conveying table 19, a fourth turning down table 21, and a fourth glass storage frame 20 that are conveyed in the glass conveying direction; the longitudinal conveying table 19 is arranged at the rear end of the first overturning lower sheet table 14 in the glass conveying direction; the fourth turnover lower sheet stage 21 is provided at the rear end of the longitudinal conveying stage 19 in the glass conveying direction, and includes: a fourth inverting sheet-taking device 21-1 and a fourth longitudinal conveying device 21-2 for conveying glass from the longitudinal conveying stage 19 to the fourth inverting lower stage 21; the fourth turnover sheet taking device 21-1 can ascend and descend relative to the fourth longitudinal conveying device 21-2; when the fourth turnover sheet taking device 21-1 descends below the fourth longitudinal conveying device 21-2, the conveying surface of the fourth longitudinal conveying device 21-2 is flush with the conveying surface of the longitudinal conveying table 19; the fourth glass storage frame 20 is longitudinally adjacent to the fourth turnover lower sheet stage 21, and the fourth turnover sheet taking device 21-1 is used for taking glass on the fourth turnover lower sheet stage 21 and placing the glass on the fourth glass storage frame 20.
Referring to fig. 8, a longitudinal conveying stage 19 is disposed laterally juxtaposed with the bi-directional conveying stage 3 along the rear end of the first reversing lower stage 14 in the glass conveying direction.
The glass blanking system of this example can not only carry out horizontal blanking through the second upset blanking table 16, but also can carry out vertical blanking through the fourth upset blanking table 21, can also carry out blanking through the first upset blanking table 14, can provide greater ground blanking flexibility, has further guaranteed glass blanking efficiency.
Example 6:
the present example provided a glass blanking system different from example 1 in that the second roll-over blanking table 16 and the second glass storage frame 15 were replaced with a third glass storage frame 17 and a third roll-over blanking table 18, see fig. 9; the third overturning lower sheet table 18 is arranged at the rear end of the bidirectional transmission table 3 in the glass conveying direction. The glass is transferred to a third overturning lower sheet table 18 by the bidirectional transfer table 3, and the third overturning lower sheet table 18 adsorbs the glass and places the glass on a third glass storage frame 17. The equipment arrangement mode is suitable for a factory building with limited width.
In this embodiment, the front end or the rear end refers to one end in the glass conveying direction, and the one side refers to a side perpendicular to the glass conveying direction. The longitudinal direction refers to a direction parallel to the glass conveyance direction, and the lateral direction refers to a direction perpendicular to the glass conveyance direction.
The first longitudinal conveyor 14-2, the second lateral conveyor 16-2, the third longitudinal conveyor 18-2, the longitudinal conveyor table 19, and the fourth longitudinal conveyor 21-2 in this embodiment are composed of a plurality of belt conveyors disposed in the same height direction, or a plurality of conveyor tables disposed in the same height direction. The first flip chip handler 14-1, the second flip chip handler 16-1, the third flip chip handler 18-1, and the fourth flip chip handler 21-1 may employ the flip chip handler 4-1 of embodiment 1.
Example 3
Referring to fig. 10, the present embodiment provides a tempered glass production line including a glass upper sheet system 9, a heating furnace 10, a tempering cooling unit 11, and a glass lower sheet system 12 of embodiment 1, which are sequentially arranged.
The glass placed on the glass storage frame 8 is loaded by the glass loading system 9, and after being heated by the heating furnace 10 and cooled by the tempering cooling unit 11, the tempered glass is placed on the glass storage frame 8 on the other side of the production line after being loaded by the glass unloading system 12. According to the toughened glass production line, the occupation area of the whole toughened glass production line can be reduced by arranging the glass blanking system 12 in the embodiment 1, the automatic blanking and the light-weight of related blanking equipment are realized, and the blanking efficiency of glass is greatly improved.
Example 4
The embodiment provides a glass blanking method of a glass blanking system, which adopts the glass blanking system of the embodiment 1 and comprises the following steps:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table;
s2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform, and lifting all the glass above the sheet discharging support platform to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform;
s3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, controlling the pushing head to slide a piece of glass from the piece outlet supporting platform to a set position of the piece waiting supporting platform; any position on the weather piece supporting platform which can be covered by the pushing head can be selected as a set position according to actual needs.
S4: and moving the glass block of the glass block supporting platform to the next station. The glass may be transferred to the next station by a manual or robotic arm, or the glass may be moved to the next station by a specific conveyor mechanism.
Wherein the tablet-holding platform in S2 is already in a raised state, and if not in a raised state, the tablet-holding platform needs to be raised before S1, before S2, or after the tablet-holding platform is raised above the tablet-feeding device.
The lower sheet of single glass can be used for the lower sheet of multiple glass: further comprising S5: and S3 to S4 are repeated, and all the glass on the sheet discharging support platform is moved to the next station sheet by sheet.
If the area of the sheet discharging supporting platform is smaller than that of the sheet discharging conveying device, the sheet discharging supporting platform needs to lift the glass up and discharge the sheet in batches, and the sheet discharging device further comprises S6 and S7: s6, the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys the residual glass to a preset position on the sheet discharging table; s7, repeating the steps S2 to S5, and moving all the glass on the sheet discharging support platform to the next station sheet by sheet; until all the glass on the sheet discharging table is moved to the next station.
More specifically, the pushing head pushes down the surface of the glass to drive the glass to slide from the initial position on the waiting sheet supporting platform to the appointed position on the cloth sheet supporting platform.
Alternatively, the pushing head may further adsorb the surface of the glass, so as to drive the glass to slide from the initial position on the glass sheet supporting platform to the designated position on the glass sheet supporting platform.
Alternatively, the pushing head may further adsorb the surface of the glass, so as to drive the glass to slide from the initial position on the glass sheet supporting platform to the designated position on the glass sheet supporting platform.
The glass arrangement information in the embodiment is obtained by scanning a plurality of pieces of glass transmitted by a glass arrangement information scanning device arranged between the sheet discharging table and the last station.
The method for blanking by adopting the glass blanking system of the embodiment fully reflects the characteristics of small occupied area, light equipment and stable blanking of the glass blanking system of the embodiment 1.
Example 5
The embodiment provides a glass blanking method of a glass blanking system, which adopts the glass blanking system of the embodiment 2, and comprises the following steps:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table;
s2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform, and lifting all the glass above the sheet discharging support platform to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform;
s3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, controlling the pushing head to slide a piece of glass from the piece outlet supporting platform to a set position of the piece waiting supporting platform;
s4: controlling the waiting sheet supporting platform to descend below the waiting sheet conveying device, and enabling the glass to fall onto the waiting sheet conveying device;
S5: and controlling the waiting sheet conveying device to convey the glass block to the next station.
Wherein the tablet-holding platform in S2 is already in a raised state, and if not in a raised state, the tablet-holding platform needs to be raised before S1, before S2, or after the tablet-holding platform is raised above the tablet-feeding device.
The lower sheet of single glass can be used for the lower sheet of multiple glass: also comprises S6 and S7; s6: lifting the waiting sheet supporting platform to the position above the waiting sheet conveying device, so that the conveying surface of the waiting sheet supporting platform is level with the conveying surface of the discharging sheet supporting platform; s7: and repeating S3 to S6, and conveying all the glass sheets to the next station. It should be noted that in the actual production process, if the sheet discharging efficiency of Hou Pian subsequent stations is lower than the sheet discharging efficiency of the pushing head and the sheet waiting platform, after the pushing head slides the ith glass sheet to the sheet waiting supporting platform, i.e. the pushing head is separated from the ith glass sheet, the pushing head can return to the upper part of the sheet discharging supporting platform, according to the glass arrangement information, the pushing head can firstly move the (i+1) th glass sheet to the tail end of the sheet discharging supporting platform, the sheet waiting supporting platform is reset, and then the pushing head slides the (i+1) th glass sheet from the tail end of the sheet discharging supporting platform to the sheet waiting supporting platform. Of course, the pushing head can also start to process the next glass after the waiting sheet supporting platform is reset.
If the area of the sheet discharging supporting platform is smaller than that of the sheet discharging conveying device, the sheet discharging supporting platform needs to lift the glass up and discharge the sheet in batches, and the sheet discharging device further comprises S8 and S9: s8, the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys the residual glass to a preset position on the sheet discharging table; s9, repeating the steps S2 to S7, and moving all the glass on the sheet discharging support platform to the next station sheet by sheet; until all the glass on the sheet discharging table is moved to the next station.
The glass arrangement information in this embodiment is transmitted from a station disposed before the sheet discharging station.
The method for blanking by adopting the glass blanking system of the embodiment fully reflects the characteristics of small occupied area, light equipment and stable blanking of the glass blanking system of the embodiment 2.
Example 6
The embodiment provides a glass blanking method of a glass blanking system, which adopts the glass blanking system of the embodiment 2, and comprises the following steps:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table;
s2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform, and lifting all the glass above the sheet discharging support platform to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform;
S3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, controlling the pushing head to slide a piece of glass from the piece outlet supporting platform to a set position of the piece waiting supporting platform;
s4: controlling the waiting sheet supporting platform to descend below the waiting sheet conveying device, wherein the glass falls on the waiting sheet conveying device;
s5: controlling the waiting sheet conveying device and the longitudinal conveying mechanism to convey the glass to a preset position of the bidirectional conveying table;
s6: controlling the transverse conveying mechanism to rise above the longitudinal conveying mechanism so that the glass block falls on the transverse conveying mechanism;
s7: the transverse conveying mechanism conveys the glass block to the next station.
Wherein the tablet-holding platform in S2 is already in a raised state, and if not in a raised state, the tablet-holding platform needs to be raised before S1, before S2, or after the tablet-holding platform is raised above the tablet-feeding device.
The lower sheet of single glass can be used for the lower sheet of multiple glass: and S8, controlling the transverse conveying mechanism to descend below the longitudinal conveying mechanism. The lower sheet of single glass can be used for the lower sheet of multiple glass: also comprises S6 and S7; s6: lifting the waiting sheet supporting platform to the position above the waiting sheet conveying device, so that the conveying surface of the waiting sheet supporting platform is level with the conveying surface of the discharging sheet supporting platform; s7: and repeating S3 to S6, and conveying all the glass sheets to the next station. It should be noted that in the actual production process, if the sheet discharging efficiency of Hou Pian subsequent stations is lower than the sheet discharging efficiency of the pushing head and the sheet waiting platform, after the pushing head slides the ith glass sheet to the sheet waiting supporting platform, i.e. the pushing head is separated from the ith glass sheet, the pushing head can return to the upper part of the sheet discharging supporting platform, according to the glass arrangement information, the pushing head can firstly move the (i+1) th glass sheet to the tail end of the sheet discharging supporting platform, the sheet waiting supporting platform is reset, and then the pushing head slides the (i+1) th glass sheet from the tail end of the sheet discharging supporting platform to the sheet waiting supporting platform. Of course, the pushing head can also start to process the next glass after the waiting sheet supporting platform is reset.
In the practical application process, in order to ensure the continuity of operation and the high efficiency of the lower sheet, the method further comprises the step of repeatedly executing S6 'and S7' after S5 until all the rest glass is conveyed to the next station sheet by sheet; s6', lifting the waiting sheet supporting platform to the position above the waiting sheet conveying device, and enabling the conveying surface of the waiting sheet supporting platform to be level to the conveying surface of the discharging sheet supporting platform; s7': s3 to S8 are performed. That is, after the execution of S5 of the i-th glass is completed, the execution of the i+1th glass blanking process is started at the same time.
More specifically, S7 is: the transverse conveying mechanism conveys the glass block to the overturning blanking table, and the glass block is placed to the next station from the transverse conveying mechanism through the overturning blanking table.
The method for blanking by adopting the glass blanking system of the embodiment fully reflects the characteristics of small occupied area, light equipment and stable blanking of the glass blanking system of the embodiment 1.
The glass arrangement information mentioned in examples 6 to 8 includes glass size information, glass angle information and glass position information.
It should be noted that, in the above embodiments, some steps are not strictly performed before the subsequent actions are performed, and in principle, only the circulation of the glass needs to be ensured. In the practical application process, in order to ensure the unloading efficiency, more cooperation of the devices is needed to be considered, and after the related device of the previous station conveys the glass to the next station, the related device of the previous station already starts to process the unloading of the next piece of glass. The waiting piece platform and the discharging piece platform can also be respectively provided with independent frames, and the two frames can be combined to meet the requirements and are convenient to detach. According to the invention, the weather piece supporting platform and the sheet discharging supporting platform are liftable supporting platforms, the weather piece conveying device and the sheet discharging conveying device are fixed, and the technical scheme is that the weather piece supporting platform and the sheet discharging supporting platform are fixed, the weather piece conveying device and the sheet discharging conveying device are liftable, and glass discharging can be realized to a certain extent.
For the description of the glass unloading process, if the glass waiting stage 2 is idle, the unloading path of the unloading system is to directly move the glass to the glass waiting stage 2; if the waiting table 2 is not idle (glass to be discharged exists on the waiting table 2), the discharging path of the discharging system is to move the glass to the tail end of the discharging table 1, and then move the glass from the tail end of the discharging table 1 to the waiting table 2 after the waiting table 2 is idle.
Example 7
The embodiment provides a method for blanking a glass blanking system, which adopts the glass blanking system in the embodiment 2 and comprises the following steps:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device 1-2 conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table 1;
s2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device 1-2, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform 2-1, and lifting all glass above the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform 1-1;
s3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, the pushing head 7 is controlled to slide a piece of glass from the glass discharge supporting platform 1-1 to the set position of the glass waiting supporting platform 2-1;
s4: controlling the waiting sheet supporting platform 2-1 to descend below the waiting sheet conveying device 2-2, wherein the glass blocks fall on the waiting sheet conveying device 2-2;
S5: controlling the glass sheet conveying device 2-2 and the first longitudinal conveying device 14-2 to convey the glass sheet to a predetermined position of the first turnover lower sheet table 14;
s6: the first turnover sheet taking device 14-1 is controlled to rise above the first longitudinal conveying device 14-2, and glass is taken by the first turnover sheet taking device 14-1 and placed on the first glass storage rack 13.
Further, the blanking method of the present embodiment further includes S7: s3 to S6 are repeated, and all the glasses on the sheet-out supporting platform 1-1 are placed on the first glass storage rack 13 sheet by sheet.
The method for blanking by adopting the glass blanking system fully embodies the characteristics of small occupied area, light equipment and high and stable blanking of the glass blanking system.
Example 8
The embodiment provides a method for blanking a glass blanking system, which adopts the glass blanking system in the embodiment 2 and comprises the following steps:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device 1-2 conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table 1;
s2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device 1-2, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform 2-1, and lifting all glass above the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform 1-1;
S3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, the pushing head 7 is controlled to slide a piece of glass from the glass discharge supporting platform 1-1 to the set position of the glass waiting supporting platform 2-1;
s4: controlling the waiting sheet supporting platform 2-1 to descend below the waiting sheet conveying device 2-2, wherein the glass blocks fall on the waiting sheet conveying device 2-2;
s5: controlling the glass sheet conveying device 2-2, the first longitudinal conveying device 14-2 and the longitudinal conveying mechanism 3-2 to convey the glass sheet to a preset position of the bidirectional conveying table 3;
s6: the lateral conveyance mechanism 3-1 is controlled to rise above the longitudinal conveyance mechanism 3-2, and the lateral conveyance mechanism 3-1 and the second lateral conveyance device 16-2 are controlled to convey the piece of glass to a predetermined position of the second roll-over lower stage 16.
S7: the second turnover sheet taking device 16-1 is controlled to rise above the second transverse conveying device 16-2, and the second turnover sheet taking device 16-1 is used for taking glass and placing the glass on the second glass storage frame 15.
Further, the blanking method of the present embodiment further includes S8: s3 to S7 are repeated, and all the glasses on the sheet-out supporting platform 1-1 are placed on the second glass storage frame 15 sheet by sheet.
The method for blanking by adopting the glass blanking system fully embodies the characteristics of small occupied area, light equipment and high and stable blanking of the glass blanking system.
Example 9
The embodiment provides a method for blanking a glass blanking system, which adopts the glass blanking system in the embodiment 2 and comprises the following steps:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device 1-2 conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table 1;
s2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device 1-2, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform 2-1, and lifting all glass above the sheet discharging support platform 1-1 to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform 1-1;
s3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, the pushing head 7 is controlled to slide a piece of glass from the glass discharge supporting platform 1-1 to the set position of the glass waiting supporting platform 2-1;
s4: controlling the waiting sheet supporting platform 2-1 to descend below the waiting sheet conveying device 2-2, wherein the glass blocks fall on the waiting sheet conveying device 2-2;
s5: controlling the glass sheet conveying device 2-2, the first longitudinal conveying device 14-2, the longitudinal conveying table 19 and the fourth longitudinal conveying device 21-2 to convey the glass sheet to a predetermined position of the fourth turning down table 21;
s6: the fourth turnover sheet taking device 21-1 is controlled to rise above the fourth longitudinal conveying device 21-2, and the fourth turnover sheet taking device 21-1 is used for taking glass and placing the glass on the fourth glass storage frame 20.
Further, the blanking method of the present embodiment further includes S7: s3 to S6 are repeated, and all the glasses on the sheet-out supporting platform 1-1 are placed on the fourth glass storage frame 20 sheet by sheet.
The method for blanking by adopting the glass blanking system fully embodies the characteristics of small occupied area, light equipment and high and stable blanking of the glass blanking system.
In the description of the above embodiment, the longitudinal direction means the glass conveyance direction, and the lateral direction means a direction perpendicular to the glass conveyance direction on the glass conveyance plane.
Finally, it is to be understood that the above embodiments are merely exemplary embodiments employed for the purpose of illustrating the principles of the present invention, however, the present invention is not limited thereto. Various modifications and improvements may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, and such modifications and improvements are also considered within the scope of the invention.

Claims (37)

1. A glass blanking system, comprising: the glass conveying machine, the sheet discharging table and the sheet waiting table are sequentially arranged along the glass conveying direction;
the sheet discharging platform is provided with a sheet discharging supporting platform and a sheet discharging conveying device, and the sheet discharging supporting platform can ascend and descend relative to the sheet discharging conveying device;
The waiting piece table is provided with a waiting piece supporting platform;
the glass conveyor comprises a pushing head which is arranged above the sheet discharging table or the sheet waiting table; when the sheet discharging supporting platform is positioned below the sheet discharging conveying device, the sheet discharging conveying device is used for conveying glass from the last station to the sheet discharging platform; when the sheet discharging supporting platform is positioned above the sheet discharging conveying device, the conveying surface of the sheet discharging supporting platform is flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting supporting platform, and the pushing head can drive glass to slide onto the sheet waiting supporting platform from the sheet discharging supporting platform;
the glass blanking system further includes: a first glass storage rack and a first overturning lower piece table; the first upset piece platform of down sets up in glass direction of delivery wait piece platform rear end includes: the first overturning sheet taking device and the first longitudinal conveying device are used for conveying glass from the sheet waiting table to the first overturning lower sheet table; the first overturning and taking device can ascend and descend relative to the first longitudinal conveying device; the first glass storage frames are one or two, are transversely arranged on one side or two sides of the first overturning lower sheet table, and the first overturning sheet taking device is used for taking glass on the first overturning lower sheet table and placing the glass on the first glass storage frames;
The glass blanking system further includes: the two-way transmission station is one or two; the bidirectional transmission platform is arranged at the rear end of the first overturning lower piece platform in the glass conveying direction, and comprises: a longitudinal conveying mechanism, a transverse conveying mechanism, and a lifting mechanism, wherein the transverse conveying mechanism can lift and lower relative to the longitudinal conveying mechanism.
2. The glass downsheet system of claim 1, wherein the glass conveyor further comprises: the device comprises a longitudinal conveying rail arranged on a glass lower sheet system frame, a cross beam arranged above the longitudinal conveying rail and a pushing head arranged on the cross beam; the cross beam can slide along the longitudinal conveying track, and the pushing head can slide along the cross beam.
3. The glass downsheet system of claim 2, wherein the pusher head comprises a suction cup assembly, a touch plate, or a side clamping device.
4. The glass downsheet system of claim 2, wherein the longitudinal transport track covers at least a portion of the outfeed support platform and a portion of the candidate sheet support platform.
5. The glass downsheet system of claim 1, wherein the area of the outfeed support platform is less than or equal to the area of the outfeed conveyor.
6. The glass blanking system of claim 1 wherein the weather station and the blanking station share a frame.
7. The glass blanking system of claim 6, wherein the blanking support platform and/or the weather-sheet support platform are float support platforms, the float support platforms comprising: the universal support elements are arranged on the frame and provide support for the glass.
8. The glass blanking system of claim 1, wherein the blanking support platform and/or the weather support platform are air-bearing support platforms that support glass by gas.
9. The glass downsheet system of claim 1, wherein the outfeed support platform and/or the candidate support platform is a low resistance sliding platform comprised of a support with a coefficient of friction with the glass of less than or equal to 0.3.
10. The glass blanking system according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the gob table is further provided with gob conveying means, the gob supporting platform being capable of being raised and lowered relative to the gob conveying means; the piece supporting platform is located go out piece conveyor top, simultaneously when waiting piece supporting platform to be located waiting piece conveyor top, go out piece supporting platform's transport face with waiting piece supporting platform's transport face parallel and level.
11. The glass blanking system of claim 10, further including a bi-directional transfer station disposed at a rear end of the candidate station in a glass conveyance direction, comprising: a longitudinal conveying mechanism and a transverse conveying mechanism; the transverse conveying mechanism can ascend and descend relative to the longitudinal conveying mechanism; when the transverse conveying mechanism is positioned below the longitudinal conveying mechanism, the conveying surface of the longitudinal conveying mechanism is flush with the conveying surface of the waiting sheet conveying device.
12. The glass blanking system of claim 11, wherein the bi-directional transfer table is provided with a lateral stop at a terminal end of a transfer direction of the lateral transfer mechanism, and one or both ends of the longitudinal transfer mechanism are provided with longitudinal stops.
13. The glass blanking system of claim 11, further including a flip-down table disposed laterally adjacent to the bi-directional transfer table.
14. The glass downsheet system of claim 10, further comprising: a second overturning lower sheet table and a second glass storage rack; the second overturning lower sheet tables are in one-to-one correspondence with the second glass storage frames to form second overturning lower sheet groups, and the second overturning lower sheet groups are arranged on one side or two sides of the bidirectional transmission table; the second flip lower platen is disposed laterally adjacent to the bi-directional transfer platen, comprising: the second overturning sheet taking device and the second transverse conveying device are used for conveying glass from the bidirectional conveying table to the second overturning sheet discharging table; the second overturning and taking device can ascend and descend relative to the second transverse conveying device; the second glass storage frame is transversely adjacent to the second overturning lower sheet table, and the second overturning sheet taking device is used for taking glass on the second overturning lower sheet table and placing the glass on the second glass storage frame.
15. The glass downsheet system of claim 14, further comprising: a third glass storage rack and a third overturning lower piece table; the third upset piece platform down sets up in glass direction of delivery's two-way transmission platform rear end includes: a third turnover sheet taking device and a third longitudinal conveying device for conveying glass from the bidirectional conveying table to the third turnover sheet discharging table; the third overturning and taking device can ascend and descend relative to the third longitudinal conveying device; the third glass storage frame is longitudinally adjacent to the third overturning lower sheet table, and the third overturning sheet taking device is used for taking glass on the third overturning lower sheet table and placing the glass on the third glass storage frame.
16. The glass downsheet system of claim 14, further comprising: a longitudinal conveying table, a fourth overturning lower sheet table and a fourth glass storage frame which are conveyed along the glass conveying direction; the longitudinal conveying table is arranged at the rear end of the first overturning lower sheet table in the glass conveying direction; the fourth upset piece platform down sets up in glass direction of delivery's vertical transport platform rear end includes: a fourth turnover sheet-taking device and a fourth longitudinal conveying device for conveying glass from the longitudinal conveying table to the fourth turnover lower sheet table; the fourth overturning and taking device can ascend and descend relative to the fourth longitudinal conveying device; the fourth glass storage frame is longitudinally adjacent to the fourth overturning lower sheet table, and the fourth overturning sheet taking device is used for taking glass on the fourth overturning lower sheet table and placing the glass on the fourth glass storage frame.
17. A tempered glass production line, comprising a glass blanking system, a heating furnace, a tempered cooling system and the glass blanking system according to any one of claims 1-16, which are arranged in sequence.
18. The tempered glass production line of claim 17, further comprising a glass arrangement information scanning device disposed between the tempering cooling system and the sheet out table.
19. A method of blanking a glass blanking system using a glass blanking system as claimed in any of claims 1 to 16, comprising the steps of:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table;
s2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform, and lifting all the glass above the sheet discharging support platform to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform;
s3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, controlling the pushing head to slide a piece of glass from the piece outlet supporting platform to a set position of the piece waiting supporting platform;
s4: and moving the glass block of the glass block supporting platform to the next station.
20. The blanking method of claim 19, further including S5: and S3 to S4 are repeated, and all the glass on the sheet discharging support platform is moved to the next station sheet by sheet.
21. The blanking method of claim 20, further including S6 and S7;
s6, the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys the residual glass to a preset position on the sheet discharging table;
s7, repeating the steps S2 to S5, and moving all the glass on the sheet discharging support platform to the next station sheet by sheet; until all the glass on the sheet discharging table is moved to the next station.
22. The method of any one of claims 19-21, wherein the pusher head pushes down on the glass surface to move the glass from an initial position on the glass slide support platform to a specified position on the glass slide support platform.
23. The method according to any one of claims 19-21, wherein the pushing head is configured to drive the glass to slide from an initial position on the candidate support platform to a specified position on the outfeed support platform by sucking the glass surface.
24. The method according to any one of claims 19-21, wherein the pushing head clamps the glass from the side to drive the glass to slide from the initial position on the standby sheet support platform to the designated position on the discharge sheet support platform.
25. A method of blanking a glass blanking system using a glass blanking system as claimed in any of claims 10 to 16, comprising the steps of:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table;
s2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform, and lifting all the glass above the sheet discharging support platform to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform;
s3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, controlling the pushing head to slide a piece of glass from the piece outlet supporting platform to a set position of the piece waiting supporting platform;
s4: controlling the waiting sheet supporting platform to descend below the waiting sheet conveying device, and enabling the glass to fall onto the waiting sheet conveying device;
s5: and controlling the waiting sheet conveying device to convey the glass block to the next station.
26. The blanking method of claim 25, further including S6 and S7;
s6: lifting the waiting sheet supporting platform to the position above the waiting sheet conveying device, so that the conveying surface of the waiting sheet supporting platform is level with the conveying surface of the discharging sheet supporting platform;
S7: and repeating S3 to S6, and conveying all the glass sheets to the next station.
27. The blanking method of claim 26, further including S8 and S9;
s8, the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys the residual glass to a preset position on the sheet discharging table;
s9, repeating the steps S2 to S7, and moving all the glass on the sheet discharging support platform to the next station sheet by sheet; until all the glass on the sheet discharging table is moved to the next station.
28. A method of blanking a glass blanking system using a glass blanking system as claimed in any of claims 11 to 13, comprising the steps of:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table;
s2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform, and lifting all the glass above the sheet discharging support platform to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform;
s3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, controlling the pushing head to slide a piece of glass from the piece outlet supporting platform to a set position of the piece waiting supporting platform;
S4: controlling the waiting sheet supporting platform to descend below the waiting sheet conveying device, wherein the glass falls on the waiting sheet conveying device;
s5: controlling the waiting sheet conveying device and the longitudinal conveying mechanism to convey the glass to a preset position of the bidirectional conveying table;
s6: controlling the transverse conveying mechanism to rise above the longitudinal conveying mechanism so that the glass block falls on the transverse conveying mechanism;
s7: the transverse conveying mechanism conveys the glass block to the next station.
29. The blanking method of claim 28 further including controlling S8 the transverse conveyor to descend below the longitudinal conveyor.
30. The method of blanking according to claim 29, further comprising, after S5, repeating S6 'and S7' until all remaining glass is transported sheet by sheet to the next station;
s6', lifting the waiting sheet supporting platform to the position above the waiting sheet conveying device, and enabling the conveying surface of the waiting sheet supporting platform to be level to the conveying surface of the discharging sheet supporting platform;
s7': s3 to S8 are performed.
31. The blanking method of claim 28, wherein S7 is: the transverse conveying mechanism conveys the glass block to the overturning blanking table, and the glass block is placed to the next station from the transverse conveying mechanism through the overturning blanking table.
32. A method of blanking a glass blanking system as claimed in any of claims 10 to 16, comprising:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table;
s2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform, and lifting all the glass above the sheet discharging support platform to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform;
s3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, controlling the pushing head to slide a piece of glass from the piece outlet supporting platform to a set position of the piece waiting supporting platform;
s4: controlling the waiting sheet supporting platform to descend below the waiting sheet conveying device, wherein the glass falls on the waiting sheet conveying device;
s5: controlling the waiting sheet conveying device and the first longitudinal conveying device to convey the glass to a preset position of the first overturning lower sheet table;
s6: and controlling the first overturning and sheet taking device to ascend to the upper part of the first longitudinal conveying device, and taking glass by using the first overturning and sheet taking device and placing the glass on the first glass storage rack.
33. The blanking method of claim 32, further including S7: and S3 to S6, placing all the glass on the sheet discharging support platform on the first glass storage frame sheet by sheet.
34. A method of blanking a glass blanking system as in claim 14, comprising:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table;
s2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform, and lifting all the glass above the sheet discharging support platform to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform;
s3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, controlling the pushing head to slide a piece of glass from the piece outlet supporting platform to a set position of the piece waiting supporting platform;
s4: controlling the waiting sheet supporting platform to descend below the waiting sheet conveying device, wherein the glass falls on the waiting sheet conveying device;
s5: controlling the waiting sheet conveying device, the first longitudinal conveying device and the longitudinal conveying mechanism to convey the glass block to a preset position of the bidirectional conveying table;
S6: controlling the transverse conveying mechanism to rise above the longitudinal conveying mechanism, and controlling the transverse conveying mechanism and the second transverse conveying device to convey the glass to a preset position of the second overturning lower piece table;
s7: and controlling the second overturning and sheet taking device to ascend to the upper part of the second transverse conveying device, and taking glass by using the second overturning and sheet taking device and placing the glass on the second glass storage rack.
35. The blanking method of claim 34, further including S8: and S3 to S7, placing all the glass on the sheet discharging support platform on the second glass storage frame sheet by sheet.
36. A method of blanking a glass blanking system as in claim 16, comprising:
s1: the sheet discharging and conveying device conveys a plurality of glasses to a preset position on the sheet discharging table;
s2: lifting the sheet discharging support platform to the position above the sheet discharging conveying device, enabling the conveying surface of the sheet discharging support platform to be flush with the conveying surface of the sheet waiting support platform, and lifting all the glass above the sheet discharging support platform to enable the glass to fall on the sheet discharging support platform;
S3: according to the obtained glass arrangement information, controlling the pushing head to slide a piece of glass from the piece outlet supporting platform to a set position of the piece waiting supporting platform;
s4: controlling the waiting sheet supporting platform to descend below the waiting sheet conveying device, wherein the glass falls on the waiting sheet conveying device;
s5: controlling the glass waiting sheet conveying device, the first longitudinal conveying device, the longitudinal conveying table and the fourth longitudinal conveying device to convey the glass to a preset position of the fourth turnover sheet discharging table;
s6: and controlling the fourth overturning and sheet taking device to ascend to the upper part of the fourth longitudinal conveying device, and taking glass by using the fourth overturning and sheet taking device and placing the glass on the fourth glass storage rack.
37. The blanking method of claim 36, further including S7: and S3 to S6, placing all the glass on the sheet discharging support platform on the fourth glass storage frame sheet by sheet.
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