CN110367126B - Livestock breeding device capable of realizing ecological cycle - Google Patents

Livestock breeding device capable of realizing ecological cycle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110367126B
CN110367126B CN201910700312.6A CN201910700312A CN110367126B CN 110367126 B CN110367126 B CN 110367126B CN 201910700312 A CN201910700312 A CN 201910700312A CN 110367126 B CN110367126 B CN 110367126B
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feeding
bottom plate
device capable
animal husbandry
ecological cycle
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CN110367126A (en
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许贵善
冯昕炜
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Tarim University
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Tarim University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/0035Transportable or mobile animal shelters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K15/00Devices for taming animals, e.g. nose-rings or hobbles; Devices for overturning animals in general; Training or exercising equipment; Covering boxes
    • A01K15/02Training or exercising equipment, e.g. mazes or labyrinths for animals ; Electric shock devices ; Toys specially adapted for animals
    • A01K15/027Exercising equipment, e.g. tread mills, carousels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K5/00Feeding devices for stock or game ; Feeding wagons; Feeding stacks
    • A01K5/02Automatic devices
    • A01K5/0208Automatic devices with conveyor belts or the like
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K7/00Arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with dynamo-electric machines, e.g. structural association with mechanical driving motors or auxiliary dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K7/18Structural association of electric generators with mechanical driving motors, e.g. with turbines
    • H02K7/1807Rotary generators
    • H02K7/1861Rotary generators driven by animals or vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/28Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for farming

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Physical Education & Sports Medicine (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Birds (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Housing For Livestock And Birds (AREA)
  • Feeding And Watering For Cattle Raising And Animal Husbandry (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model provides a can realize ecological cycle's poultry feeding device, raise the room including a lesson or the multisection that is a font range, it is equipped with crawler-type or wheel rail formula running gear to raise the room, hydraulic lifting mechanism, it includes that bottom plate and ceiling pass through triangle steel cage fixed connection to raise the room, set up fecaluria escape orifice on the bottom plate, the fecaluria of animal spills and can not take place excessive polluted environment problem at the meadow at all, it changes into dark green fodder feeding animal to realize animal fecaluria, reduce artifical fodder of throwing something and feeding by a wide margin, reduce and raise the cost and improve and raise economic benefits, it excessively reaches mechanical feeding to realize artifical feeding, the work recruitment is greatly reduced, save work wage expenditure. The traditional animal husbandry is transited to the modern animal husbandry through mechanical operation and then to automatic management.

Description

Livestock breeding device capable of realizing ecological cycle
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of livestock breeding, and particularly relates to an animal breeding device capable of realizing ecological cycle.
Background
Since ancient times, animals are raised in natural grassland nomadism and excessively reach artificial grassland, grazing is performed in a grazing area and then forage grass is fed to feed for planting, the animals are fed in a fixed and imprisoned mode, people are enabled to obtain abundant livestock products, living level of people is enriched, and development of livestock productivity is gradually promoted. The improvement of the animal husbandry technology and the improvement of the animal husbandry benefit are continuously realized. In the process of the evolution of the lengthy livestock industry, people have clear knowledge of the whole process of the livestock industry, and the main sources of feed and plants for raising animals, soil sunlight moisture and fertilizer are needed for the growth of the plants, and hurdles and various raising devices are needed for the animals imprisoned. No feeding mode exists at present, the feeding method can collect land, plants, animals, a stall and feed, and the ecological cycle efficient pasture equipment on the excrement and urine reduction land is used for feeding the animals in a dragon mode.
Problems in animal husbandry
1. The stock carrying capacity per unit area of natural grassland nomadic breeding is low: it is known that only one sheep can be survived in a five-mu natural grassland, and the grassland degeneration and decline can occur until the grassland desertification is realized without controlling the livestock carrying capacity. Mainly, the grassland can not be compensated by water and fertilizer, only needs to ask for the water and fertilizer from the grassland, but does not return to the grassland, and is commonly called as 'cheating the belly on the howl by people'. The policy of limiting the feeding quantity cannot be set for protecting the grassland countries. To protect the survival of the natural grassland.
2. The high grass yield of the artificial grassland is not suitable for grazing: because the wet fertile loose pasture in the artificial grassland is tender green and is not resistant to trampling, the herds struggle for fear before and pick and eat the pasture which can be wasted by trampling a large amount, the pasture utilization rate is extremely low, and the next pasture regeneration is influenced. The significance and value of artificial grass planting cannot be reflected by artificial pasture nomadic feeding.
3. The labor intensity of the fixed prisoner's cultivation of the artificial grassland is large, the investment is large, and the benefit is low; the artificial grassland is fertilized and sowed through ploughing, the produced forage grass feed has high yield, good quality and high nutritive value, the forage grass needs to be cut and transported manually or mechanically, a hurdle excrement and urine treatment facility needs to be built, the fixed feeding field often has the phenomenon of excessive excrement and urine and environmental pollution, so that a large amount of organic fertilizer cannot be used and is wasted, and if the large amount of excrement and urine produced by the feeding field is to be reduced to the grassland, secondary labor is required to increase the cost. The forage grass production is reduced due to the fact that the grassland cannot be compensated by the organic fertilizer, land hardening occurs to affect the growth of the forage grass, the forage grass production is affected due to the fact that the forage is not in demand, the pasture land increases the feeding cost due to the fact that the fertilizer is applied, land hardening occurs, and the feeding benefit is low due to the fact that the pasture land needs more labor. Therefore, the policy of returning the pasture to the grass is difficult to implement. The economic income of herdsmen is influenced.
4. Intensively fixing the prisoner animals to pollute the surrounding environment: no matter what animal is raised, the more the animal is raised, the storage equipment is too small, the water can overflow to the peripheral ditches, rivers or reservoirs and ponds, the eutrophication of the water body can be realized, the water quality of the surrounding environment in a smelly day is deteriorated, the environmental quality of surrounding residents is seriously influenced, and meanwhile, the growth and living environment of the animal are also influenced.
5. The existing animal husbandry feed field and the animal farm do not form an interdependent ecological cycle chain: forage grass fodder is a plant passively growing on the ground, while animals are animals actively seeking to eat, where they eat, and it is fed on the plant itself or seeds of the plant, melon and fruit tubers. The plant growth is based on the sunlight moisture and fertilizer of the land. Artificially and intensively trapping animals in a fixed area for feeding, a large amount of excrement and urine can be generated, and the excrement and urine is an organic fertilizer essential for plant growth, namely that' the water is collected and the water is not collected, and the fertilizer is collected more and less. If planting and breeding are combined through equipment to form an ecological cycle chain, the two parties can make up for the deficiency, and a high-yield and high-efficiency breeding effect can be generated.
6. The large animal products with the potential of multiple markets of population in south have high sale price, and are difficult to develop herbivorous animals due to the lack of grazing meadows. Even if an artificial high-yield pasture is established, the pasture is not suitable for grazing due to the moist and fertile land. Therefore, the existing animal husbandry mode restricts the development of the south industry.
7. The existing animal husbandry has low benefit and large waste: no matter which animal is raised, the animals are favored to buy the feed to feed the animals, and the animals are earn when sold. Particularly, most pig raising industries buy the compound feed in the market for feeding, the price of the feed in the market is low, and the pig raising is earned when the market price of pigs is high. On the contrary, the raising cost is increased when the market feed price rises, and the loss occurs when the market pig price falls to raise pigs. The reason for artificially trapping and breeding the herbivorous animals is that the economic benefit is influenced by excessive manual investment. The pig raising industry with fluctuating market price is in a three-start and three-fall state for a long time, so farmers have no capability of resisting the fluctuation of the market price at all. Many farmers rely on taking government subsidies for the day. Thereby causing fluctuations in market supply. But also seriously affects the pig raising enthusiasm of farmers, and the benefit of the farmers cannot be guaranteed. Three decades ago, the method is used for planting and breeding by households, the produced organic fertilizer is used for planting vegetables and fertilizing fields, green water is used everywhere, and the problem of environmental pollution is avoided. The problem of feeding pollution occurs when the seeds are raised by households in the prior fertilizer field. However, the feeding household neglects the problem of ecological cycle chain of the feeding industry, the fed animals can produce organic fertilizer which can be used for cultivating feed, and the feeding cost can be reduced by using less commodity feed and chemical fertilizer. And the feed is the growing land, the land with plant growth has the function of receiving sewage and purifying the environment, and the strong function of receiving sewage and purifying the grassland is ignored. At present, urban sewage is purified by adopting wetland ecological function in urban sewage treatment. The reason why the livestock breeding does not utilize organic fertilizer to cultivate the feed to reduce the feed cost, but the organic fertilizer wastes and pollutes the environment.
Observation of things
1. Planting forage grass: the forage grass planting is an animal feed industry developed by modern animal husbandry, and the new variety of the forage grass after artificial screening and culture has high yield, high nutritional value and diversified varieties, wherein spring forage grass, winter forage grass, bean forage grass, gramineae forage grass, compositae forage grass, sunflower forage grass and the like are included, the growth speed of the forage grass is high, the yield per mu of the spring forage grass and the winter forage grass can reach dozens of tons, and a large amount of water and fertilizer needs to be met. The organic fertilizer is needed to be added, so that the requirements of feeding herbivorous animals and omnivorous animals such as cattle, sheep, pigs, rabbits, geese and the like can be met. Planting artificial high-yield pasture is an essential important component for developing animal husbandry in rural areas. The method is a good method for farmers to take off poverty and become rich, the high-yield and high-efficiency pasture is planted to feed poultry and livestock, the using amount of concentrated feed is reduced, the feeding cost can be greatly reduced, and the breeding benefit is improved. Is a good measure for resisting the price fluctuation risk of livestock products in the market, and is a good project for realizing income increase and expenditure saving in the rural development of animal husbandry.
2. Animal feeding: since ancient times, people like the tradition of nomadic animal raising, because of the most trouble-saving and most profit, the traditional mode is an original production mode with wide variety and thin income, is also an aggressive raising mode, is a mode which is not beneficial to the development of survival, is a mode of raising a small amount of animal products in a large land area, has extremely low land output benefit and also has the problem of environmental destruction. To make the animal husbandry have larger living and developing space, the animal carrying capacity per unit area needs to be increased, and the grass yield per unit area needs to be increased. The existing fixed farm has the problems that the excrement and urine are excessive regardless of the animals raised in the fixed farm, the environment is polluted by the excessive excrement and urine, a large amount of organic fertilizers are abandoned, the utilization of the organic fertilizers is not utilized, and the organic fertilizers are all the most needed and most unavailable complete fertilizers for plant growth.
The patent of invention with the publication number of CN105359985B discloses an ecological cycle walking livestock raising house, which primarily solves the problems, but the device is difficult to meet the requirements of people on higher and higher meat quality at present, the requirement of good meat quality is to ensure that the motion quantity of the raised animals reaches the standard, the technical scheme of the application is difficult to realize the function, the construction of the application depends on a power grid, the difficulty of supplying power to equipment with a large moving range through a fixed power grid is high, the construction is inconvenient, and the electric energy is difficult to realize and save.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a livestock breeding device capable of realizing ecological cycle, which is used for overcoming the defects in the prior art.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a livestock raising device capable of realizing ecological cycle comprises a plurality of feeding rooms which are arranged in a single section or in a straight line, wherein the feeding rooms are provided with crawler-type or wheel-rail type traveling mechanisms; a hydraulic lifting mechanism is arranged on the travelling mechanism; the walking mechanism supports the feeding room through the hydraulic lifting mechanism; the feeding house comprises a bottom plate and a ceiling, the periphery of the bottom plate is fixedly connected with the ceiling through a triangular steel cage, excrement and urine drainage holes are formed in the bottom plate, a plurality of uniformly distributed overhead plates are arranged on the left side and the right side of the upper portion of the bottom plate, the excrement and urine drainage holes are formed in the overhead plates, the outer ends of the overhead plates are hinged to the upper ends of supporting rods, the supporting rods are fixedly installed on the upper portion of the bottom plate, the inner ends of the overhead plates are hinged to the front portion of the top of the bottom plate through first elastic pieces, cross rods are fixedly installed at the outer ends of the overhead plates and penetrate through the triangular steel cage, boxes are fixedly installed at positions, corresponding to the cross rods, of the side portions of the bottom plate, transverse guide shafts are fixedly installed in the boxes, transverse first racks are arranged on the upper sides of the guide shafts, two guide sleeves are fixedly installed at the bottoms of the first racks, the guide sleeves are, the pulleys are fixedly connected between the outer ends of the cross rods at the lower sides of the corresponding through holes and the outer ends of the corresponding first racks through steel wire ropes, the steel wire ropes penetrate through the corresponding through holes and bypass the corresponding pulleys, the inner ends of the first racks are fixedly connected with the inner side wall, close to the bottom plate, of the box body through a second elastic part, the generator is fixedly installed at the top in the box body, a gear is fixedly installed on a rotating shaft of the generator and meshed and matched with the corresponding first racks, a storage battery is fixedly installed in the box body, the plurality of storage battery packs are combined into a battery pack, the generator is matched with the corresponding storage battery, the front side and the rear side of the top of the bottom plate are respectively provided with a vertical shaft, the lower end of each vertical shaft is movably connected with a bearing at the top of the bottom plate, the upper end of each vertical shaft is movably connected with a ceiling through a, the utility model discloses a portable grass cutting machine, including baffle, movable guide rail, storage tank, discharge pipe lower extreme internally mounted rotation type discharging device, the baffle of oval ring form is established to the outer periphery of link joint, through support fixed connection between baffle and the ceiling, forms oval annular fence house district between baffle and the link joint, the silo of the periphery bottom fixed mounting several evenly distributed of link joint, the place ahead of bottom plate sets up portable grass cutting machine and moves the guide rail, grass cutting machine hangs on the guide rail and follows move the guide rail and remove, ceiling bottom fixed mounting storage tank, grass cutting machine and storage tank pass through conveyer and be connected, storage tank bottom fixed mounting discharging pipe, discharge pipe lower extreme internally mounted rotation type discharging device, the silo passes.
As above-mentioned livestock breeding device that can realize ecological cycle, rotation type discharging device include cross axle and four plectrums, four even fixed mounting of plectrums are at the lateral part of cross axle, wherein two plectrums levels, and two other plectrums are vertical, the both ends of cross axle and the lateral wall bearing swing joint of discharging pipe, wherein one end of cross axle is worn out to the outside of discharging pipe and is connected with the drive of second motor power system.
According to the livestock breeding device capable of realizing ecological cycle, the first elastic part and the second elastic part are elastic telescopic rods.
The livestock breeding device capable of realizing ecological cycle is characterized in that the travelling mechanism is driven by electric power.
According to the livestock breeding device capable of realizing ecological cycle, the solar cell panel is fixedly installed at the top of the ceiling and connected with the battery pack.
According to the livestock breeding device capable of realizing ecological cycle, the middle part of the periphery of the chain plate is rotatably provided with the plurality of uniformly distributed stop rods.
As above, the livestock breeding device capable of realizing ecological cycle is characterized in that the annular second rack is fixedly installed at the outer end of the baffle inner wall corresponding to the gear rod, the driving gear is fixedly installed at the outer end of the gear rod, the driving gear is meshed with the second rack in a matched mode, and a plurality of soft ropes which are uniformly distributed are fixedly installed on the side portion of the gear rod.
According to the livestock breeding device capable of realizing ecological cycle, the inner wall of the baffle is fixedly provided with the annular limiting ring, and the limiting ring is positioned on the upper side of the driving gear.
According to the livestock breeding device capable of realizing ecological cycle, a grassland set up in the breeding room is a gentle slope plot which is not submerged by flood, the slope is 1-4% of a slope, the length of the grassland is 510-600 meters, the length of each breeding room is 20-25 meters, and a crawler track is reserved for the grassland every 20-25 meters or a rail is laid.
According to the animal husbandry device capable of realizing ecological cycle, the grassland set up in the breeding house is matched and planted according to the nutritional values of various pastures, the spring pastures and the winter pastures are planted in a crossed manner, and the leguminous pastures and the gramineous pastures are planted in a mixed manner.
The invention has the advantages that: the walking and livestock raising house mainly aims at raising herbivorous animals, and can also raise pigs according to the characteristic that the pigs eat the hundred-species grass, wherein the cattle, the sheep, the horses, the donkeys, the deer and the musk deer are used as main breeding materials. The invention can be driven to move from one end of the grassland to the other end through a crawler-type or wheel-rail type travelling mechanism (the prior art is not described in detail). The walking livestock raising house starts to reap and process on one side of a grassland where pasture grows to feed animals, slowly advances towards the opposite side of the grassland, determines the distance of advancing according to the daily harvesting amount of the animals, starts at one end of the grassland in the early evening, and finishes the end of the grassland after the evening to harvest and eat a period. The grassland on one side which is harvested and eaten at the beginning of a month grows to meet the harvesting and eating standard after secondary regeneration, at the moment, the raising room is lifted by a hydraulic oil cylinder to the ground height, and is quickly retreated to the side which is harvested and eaten at the beginning of the month, a second harvesting and eating period is started, the harvesting and eating are repeated and alternately carried out all the year round, the excrement and urine of animals are discharged on the harvested and eaten grassland while being harvested and eaten, the organic fertilizer can timely, accurately and uniformly restore the grassland according to the law of 'the excrement does not move and the urine does not move', water is sprayed to the grassland in drought seasons, and the grassland can obtain a repeated excellent regeneration environment. Creating an ecological environment with stable yield and high yield for a long time in a grassland. Greatly improves the grass yield and the livestock carrying capacity of the grassland in unit area. The utilization rate of the pasture in the pasture is improved to one hundred percent. The utilization rate of the organic fertilizer is one hundred percent. Realizing zero environmental pollution. The excrement and urine of animals spills on the meadow and can not take place excessive pollution environmental problem at all, realizes that animal excrement and urine changes into green fodder and feeds the animal, reduces artifical the fodder of throwing something and feeding by a wide margin, reduces the cost of raising and improves and raise economic benefits, realizes that artifical feeding excessively reaches mechanical feeding, reduces the labour recruitment by a wide margin, saves work wage expenditure. The traditional animal husbandry is transited to the modern animal husbandry through mechanical operation and then to automatic management.
The invention has the functions, and also has the functions of generating power by utilizing kinetic energy generated by the movement of animals, storing the electric energy for supplying the electric energy to electric equipment of the invention, realizing the self-sufficiency of the electric energy, being convenient for use in a dead zone, being convenient for construction, being independent of a power grid, saving energy, protecting environment, breeding the animals in an elliptical annular stall zone, driving the animals to circularly walk in the stall zone, continuously treading the overhead plate when the animals walk, moving the inner end of the overhead plate downwards and rotating the articulated part of the overhead plate and the supporting rod, lifting the outer end of the corresponding cross rod and pulling the corresponding first rack to move through the corresponding steel wire rope, driving the corresponding generator to generate power by the corresponding gear rotation, automatically resetting the parts corresponding to the overhead plate by the first elastic member and the second elastic member when the animals move away from the overhead plate, and not treading the overhead plate when a plurality of animals walk or run in the stall zone, the generators corresponding to the trampled overhead plates can generate electricity continuously, the electric energy is stored in the storage batteries, the method for driving animals to walk in the stall area can be used for driving people to drive the animals, and the method can also be used for attracting food, for example, when the animals are fed, the vertical shafts are driven by the first power motor system to rotate, the vertical shafts drive the chain plates to rotate through the chain plate rollers, the troughs rotate along with the chain plates, when the troughs move to the lower end positions of the discharge pipes, the rotary discharge device works to control the forage to flow out and fall into the corresponding troughs, forage can be automatically supplemented to a plurality of troughs by the method, the troughs supplemented with the forage continuously rotate along with the chain plates, the animals need to walk along with the troughs when the forage is needed to be fed, the feeding of the animals can be completed by the method, the animals can also be guided to run to exercise the bodies, the animals can be more robust and are not prone to get ill, and the quality of meat produced by the animals fed by the method, improve the quality of cultivation.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention; FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of a portion I of FIG. 1; FIG. 3 is a diagram of the position relationship among the chain plate, the trough and the baffle; FIG. 4 is a partial enlarged view of section II of FIG. 1; fig. 5 is a partially enlarged view of the portion iii in fig. 1.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
A livestock raising device capable of realizing ecological cycle comprises a plurality of feeding rooms arranged in a single section or in a straight line, wherein the feeding rooms are provided with crawler-type or wheel-rail type traveling mechanisms; a hydraulic lifting mechanism is arranged on the travelling mechanism; the walking mechanism supports the feeding room through the hydraulic lifting mechanism; the breeding house comprises a bottom plate 1 and a ceiling 2, the periphery of the bottom plate 1 is fixedly connected with the ceiling through a triangular steel cage, a feces and urine drainage hole is formed in the bottom plate 1, a plurality of overhead plates 3 which are uniformly distributed are arranged on the left side and the right side of the upper portion of the bottom plate 1, the feces and urine drainage hole is formed in the overhead plates 3, the outer ends of the overhead plates 3 are hinged with the upper ends of supporting rods 4, the supporting rods 4 are fixedly arranged on the upper portion of the bottom plate 1, the inner ends of the overhead plates 3 are hinged with the top of the bottom plate 1 through first elastic pieces 5, cross rods 6 are fixedly arranged at the outer ends of the overhead plates 3, the cross rods 6 penetrate through the triangular steel cage, box bodies 7 are fixedly arranged at positions, corresponding to the cross rods 6, transverse guide shafts 8 are fixedly arranged in the box bodies 7, transverse guide shafts 9 are fixedly arranged on the upper sides of the guide shafts 8, two guide sleeves 10 are fixedly arranged at the bottoms of the first, the top surface of the box body 7 is provided with a through hole 11 corresponding to the outer end of the cross rod 6, a pulley 12 is arranged in the box body 7, the pulley 12 is positioned between the outer end of the cross rod 6 at the lower side of the corresponding through hole 11 and the outer end of the corresponding first rack 9 and is fixedly connected with the outer end of the corresponding first rack 9 through a steel wire rope 13, the steel wire rope 13 passes through the corresponding through hole 11 and bypasses the corresponding pulley 12, the inner end of the first rack 9 and the inner side wall of the box body close to the bottom plate 1 are fixedly connected through a second elastic part 14, a generator 15 is fixedly arranged at the top part in the box body, a gear 16 is fixedly arranged on a rotating shaft of the generator 15, the gear 16 is meshed and matched with the corresponding first rack 9, a storage battery 17 is fixedly arranged in the box body 7, a plurality of storage batteries 17 are combined into a battery pack, the generator 15 is matched with the corresponding storage battery 17, the front side and the, the vertical shaft 19 is close to the lower end and fixedly sleeved with chain plate rollers 20, the vertical shaft 19 is driven by a first power motor system, the two chain plate rollers 20 are connected through chain plates 21, oval-ring-shaped baffles 22 are arranged on the outer periphery of each chain plate 21, the baffles 22 are fixedly connected with a ceiling through supports, an oval-ring-shaped fence area 23 is formed between each baffle 22 and each chain plate 21, a plurality of uniformly distributed material grooves 24 are fixedly arranged at the bottom of the periphery of each chain plate 21, a movable grass mowing and cutting mechanism and a movable guide rail thereof are arranged in front of the bottom plate 1, the grass mowing and cutting mechanism is hung on the guide rail and moves along the movable guide rail, a material storage box 25 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the ceiling 2, the grass mowing and cutting mechanism is connected with the material storage box 25 through a conveying device, a material discharge pipe 26 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the material storage box 25. The walking and livestock raising house mainly aims at raising herbivorous animals, and can also raise pigs according to the characteristic that the pigs eat the hundred-species grass, wherein the cattle, the sheep, the horses, the donkeys, the deer and the musk deer are used as main breeding materials. The invention can be driven to move from one end of the grassland to the other end through a crawler-type or wheel-rail type travelling mechanism (the prior art is not described in detail). The walking livestock raising house starts to reap and process on one side of a grassland where pasture grows to feed animals, slowly advances towards the opposite side of the grassland, determines the distance of advancing according to the daily harvesting amount of the animals, starts at one end of the grassland in the early evening, and finishes the end of the grassland after the evening to harvest and eat a period. The grassland on one side which is harvested and eaten at the beginning of a month grows to meet the harvesting and eating standard after secondary regeneration, at the moment, the raising room is lifted by a hydraulic oil cylinder to the ground height, and is quickly retreated to the side which is harvested and eaten at the beginning of the month, a second harvesting and eating period is started, the harvesting and eating are repeated and alternately carried out all the year round, the excrement and urine of animals are discharged on the harvested and eaten grassland while being harvested and eaten, the organic fertilizer can timely, accurately and uniformly restore the grassland according to the law of 'the excrement does not move and the urine does not move', water is sprayed to the grassland in drought seasons, and the grassland can obtain a repeated excellent regeneration environment. Creating an ecological environment with stable yield and high yield for a long time in a grassland. Greatly improves the grass yield and the livestock carrying capacity of the grassland in unit area. The utilization rate of the pasture in the pasture is improved to one hundred percent. The utilization rate of the organic fertilizer is one hundred percent. Realizing zero environmental pollution. The excrement and urine of animals spills on the meadow and can not take place excessive pollution environmental problem at all, realizes that animal excrement and urine changes into green fodder and feeds the animal, reduces artifical the fodder of throwing something and feeding by a wide margin, reduces the cost of raising and improves and raise economic benefits, realizes that artifical feeding excessively reaches mechanical feeding, reduces the labour recruitment by a wide margin, saves work wage expenditure. The traditional animal husbandry is transited to the modern animal husbandry through mechanical operation and then to automatic management.
The invention has the functions, and also has the functions of generating power by utilizing kinetic energy generated by the movement of animals, storing the electric energy for the use of electric equipment, realizing the self-sufficiency of the electric energy, being convenient for use in a dead zone, being convenient for construction, being independent of a power grid, saving energy, protecting environment, breeding the animals in the elliptical annular stall zone 23, driving the animals to circularly move in the stall zone, continuously treading the overhead plate 3 when the animals move, moving the inner end of the overhead plate 3 downwards and rotating the articulated part of the overhead plate and the supporting rod 4, lifting the outer end of the corresponding cross rod 6 and pulling the corresponding first rack 9 to move through the corresponding steel wire rope 13, rotating the corresponding gear 16 to drive the corresponding generator 15 to generate power, and automatically resetting the parts corresponding to the overhead plate by the first elastic piece and the second elastic piece when the animals move away from the overhead plate 3, when a plurality of animals walk or run in the stall area, the overhead plates can be treaded endlessly, the generators corresponding to the treaded overhead plates can generate electricity continuously, the electric energy is stored in the storage batteries, the animals can be driven to walk in the stall area by a method of driving the animals to drive artificially, and a method of food attraction can be used, for example, when the animals are fed, the vertical shafts are driven to rotate by the first power motor system, the vertical shafts drive the chain plates to rotate through the chain plate rollers, the trough 24 rotates along with the chain plates, when the trough 24 moves to the lower end position of the discharge pipe 26, the rotary discharge device 27 works to control the forage to flow out and fall into the corresponding trough 24, the method can automatically supplement the forage for a plurality of troughs, the troughs supplemented with the forage continuously rotate along with the eating of the chain plates, the animals need to walk along with one trough, and not only the feeding of the animals is completed by the method, the method can also guide the animals to run and exercise the bodies, so that the animals are more robust and are not easy to get ill, the quality of meat produced by the animals fed by the method is higher, and the breeding quality is improved.
Specifically, as shown in the figure, the rotary discharging device 27 according to the present embodiment includes a horizontal shaft 271 and four shifting pieces 272, the four shifting pieces 272 are uniformly and fixedly installed on the side portion of the horizontal shaft 271, two of the shifting pieces 272 are horizontal, the other two shifting pieces 272 are vertical, two ends of the horizontal shaft 271 are movably connected with the side wall bearing of the discharging pipe 26, and one end of the horizontal shaft 271 penetrates out of the discharging pipe 26 and is in driving connection with the second power motor system. When the silo passes through discharging pipe lower extreme, second power motor system drive cross axle 271 rotates certain angle, and this angle is the integral multiple of ninety degrees, and in plectrum 272 rotated thereupon and can discharged a certain amount of forage and fall the silo that corresponds, can realize the input of feeding trough ration forage through this design.
Specifically, as shown in the drawings, the first elastic member 5 and the second elastic member 14 of the present embodiment are elastic telescopic rods. The mounting stability of the overhead plate 3 and the first rack can be improved by this design.
Further, as shown in the figure, the traveling mechanism according to the embodiment is driven by electric power. The design can facilitate the movement of the invention for the user.
Furthermore, as shown in the figure, a solar panel is fixedly installed on the top of the ceiling, and the solar panel is connected with the battery pack. The design can improve the self-electricity storage efficiency of the battery pack and ensure the supply of electric quantity.
Furthermore, as shown in the drawings, a plurality of evenly distributed stop rods 28 are rotatably installed at the middle part of the outer circumference of the link plate 21 according to the embodiment. When the chain plate 21 rotates, the blocking rod 28 is driven to rotate along with the chain plate, so that the raised animals can be driven, and the animals can be ensured to walk around the stall area 23.
Furthermore, as shown in the drawings, an annular second rack 29 is fixedly installed on the inner wall of the baffle plate corresponding to the outer end of the stop lever 28, a driving gear 30 is fixedly sleeved on the outer end of the stop lever 28, the driving gear 30 is engaged with the second rack 29, and a plurality of evenly distributed flexible ropes 31 are fixedly installed on the side portion of the stop lever 28. When the chain plate rotates, the gear rod starts to transmit automatically under the meshing matching of the driving gear and the second rack 29, the soft rope 31 rotates around the corresponding gear rod, the rotating soft rope 31 can further drive the animals, and the animals are guaranteed to move around the stall area 23.
Furthermore, as shown in the drawings, the inner wall of the baffle plate in this embodiment is fixedly provided with an annular limiting ring 32, and the limiting ring 32 is located on the upper side of the driving gear 30. The design of the limiting ring can ensure that the driving gear 30 is meshed with the second rack, and the installation stability of the gear lever is improved.
Furthermore, as shown in the figure, the grassland set up in the feeding room of the embodiment is a gentle slope plot not submerged by flood, the slope is 1-4% of a single slope, the length of the grassland is 510-600 meters, the length of each feeding room is 20-25 meters, and a crawler track is left or a rail is laid every 20-25 meters of the grassland. The structural strength and the normal walking of raising the room can be guaranteed in this design.
Furthermore, as shown in the figure, the grassland set up in the feeding room of the present embodiment is planted in combination according to the nutritional value of various pastures, cross-planted with spring pastures and winter pastures, and mixed planted with leguminous pastures and gramineous pastures. The design can ensure the diversity of the feed of the raised animals.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above examples are only intended to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, but not to limit it; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some technical features may be equivalently replaced; and such modifications or substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the corresponding technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a can realize ecological cycle's poultry device of raising which characterized in that: comprises a plurality of feeding rooms which are arranged in a single section or in a straight line, wherein the feeding rooms are provided with crawler-type or wheel-rail type traveling mechanisms; a hydraulic lifting mechanism is arranged on the travelling mechanism; the walking mechanism supports the feeding room through the hydraulic lifting mechanism; the breeding house comprises a bottom plate (1) and a ceiling (2), the periphery of the bottom plate (1) is fixedly connected with the ceiling through a triangular steel cage, excrement and urine drainage holes are formed in the bottom plate (1), a plurality of uniformly distributed overhead plates (3) are arranged on the left side and the right side of the upper portion of the bottom plate (1), the excrement and urine drainage holes are formed in the overhead plates (3), the outer ends of the overhead plates (3) are hinged with the upper ends of supporting rods (4), the supporting rods (4) are fixedly arranged on the upper portion of the bottom plate (1), the inner ends of the overhead plates (3) are hinged with the top of the bottom plate (1) through first elastic pieces (5), transverse rods (6) are fixedly arranged at the outer ends of the overhead plates (3), the transverse rods (6) penetrate through the triangular steel cage, a box body (7) is fixedly arranged at the positions, corresponding to the transverse rods (6), and transverse guide shafts (8) are fixedly arranged in the box body (7), a transverse first rack (9) is arranged on the upper side of each guide shaft (8), two guide sleeves (10) are fixedly installed at the bottom of each first rack (9), the guide sleeves (10) are sleeved on the corresponding guide shafts (8), through holes (11) are formed in the outer ends, corresponding to the cross rods (6), of the top surface of the box body (7), pulleys (12) are installed in the box body (7), the pulleys (12) are located on the lower sides of the corresponding through holes (11), the outer ends of the cross rods (6) are fixedly connected with the outer ends of the corresponding first racks (9) through steel wire ropes (13), the steel wire ropes (13) penetrate through the corresponding through holes (11) and bypass the corresponding pulleys (12), the inner ends of the first racks (9) are fixedly connected with the inner side walls, close to the bottom plate (1), of the box body, a generator (15) is fixedly installed at the top in the box body, and gears (16) are fixedly installed on a rotating shaft, the gear (16) is meshed and matched with the corresponding first rack (9), the storage batteries (17) are fixedly installed in the box body (7), the plurality of storage batteries (17) are combined into a battery pack, the generator (15) is matched with the corresponding storage batteries (17), the front side and the rear side of the top of the bottom plate (1) are respectively provided with a vertical shaft (19), the lower end of each vertical shaft (19) is movably connected with a bearing at the top of the bottom plate (1), the upper end of each vertical shaft (19) is movably connected with the ceiling (2) through a bearing, chain plate rollers (20) are fixedly sleeved at the positions, close to the lower ends, of the vertical shafts (19), the vertical shafts (19) are driven through a first power motor system, the two chain plate rollers (20) are connected through chain plates (21), the outer periphery of each chain plate (21) is provided with an elliptic baffle plate (22), the baffle plates (22) are fixedly connected with the ceiling through chain plate supports, and an elliptic annular fence area, the utility model discloses a grass cutting machine, including the periphery of link joint (21) the bottom fixed mounting several evenly distributed's silo (24), the place ahead of bottom plate (1) sets up portable grass cutting mechanism and moving guide, and grass cutting mechanism hangs on the guide and follows moving guide removes, ceiling (2) bottom fixed mounting storage case (25), and grass cutting mechanism and storage case (25) are connected through conveyer, and storage case (25) bottom fixed mounting discharging pipe (26), discharging pipe (26) lower extreme internally mounted rotation type discharging device (27), the silo passes through the lower extreme of discharging pipe (26) when moving along with the link joint.
2. An animal husbandry device capable of realizing ecological cycle according to claim 1, characterized in that: the rotary type discharging device (27) comprises a transverse shaft (271) and four shifting pieces (272), wherein the four shifting pieces (272) are uniformly and fixedly installed on the side part of the transverse shaft (271), two of the shifting pieces (272) are horizontal, the other two shifting pieces (272) are vertical, two ends of the transverse shaft (271) are movably connected with a side wall bearing of the discharging pipe (26), and one end of the transverse shaft (271) penetrates out of the discharging pipe (26) and is in driving connection with a second power motor system.
3. An animal husbandry device capable of realizing ecological cycle according to claim 1, characterized in that: the first elastic piece (5) and the second elastic piece (14) are elastic telescopic rods.
4. An animal husbandry device capable of realizing ecological cycle according to claim 1, characterized in that: the walking mechanism is driven by electric power.
5. An animal husbandry device capable of realizing ecological cycle according to claim 1, characterized in that: and a solar cell panel is fixedly arranged at the top of the ceiling and is connected with the battery pack.
6. An animal husbandry device capable of realizing ecological cycle according to claim 1, characterized in that: the middle part of the periphery of the chain plate (21) is rotatably provided with a plurality of baffle rods (28) which are uniformly distributed.
7. An animal husbandry device capable of realizing ecological cycle according to claim 6, characterized in that: the baffle inner wall correspond shelves pole (28) outer end department fixed mounting annular second rack (29), the fixed suit drive gear (30) of the outer end of shelves pole (28), drive gear (30) and second rack (29) meshing cooperation, the lateral part fixed mounting of shelves pole (28) several evenly distributed's soft rope (31).
8. An animal husbandry device capable of achieving ecological cycle according to claim 7, characterized in that: the inner wall of the baffle is fixedly provided with an annular limiting ring (32), and the limiting ring (32) is positioned on the upper side of the driving gear (30).
9. An animal husbandry device capable of realizing ecological cycle according to claim 1, characterized in that: the grassland set up in the feeding room is a gentle slope plot which is not submerged by flood, the slope is 1-4% of a slope, the length of the grassland is 510-600 meters, the length of each feeding room is 20-25 meters, and a crawler track is reserved or a rail is laid on the grassland every 20-25 meters.
10. An animal husbandry device capable of realizing ecological cycle according to claim 1, characterized in that: the grassland set up in the feeding house is matched and planted according to the nutritional values of various pastures, the spring pastures and the winter pastures are alternately planted, and the leguminous pastures and the gramineous pastures are mixed and planted.
CN201910700312.6A 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 Livestock breeding device capable of realizing ecological cycle Expired - Fee Related CN110367126B (en)

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CN113016636B (en) * 2021-04-16 2022-06-24 郑州市农业综合行政执法支队 Animal husbandry breeding house
CN114365693A (en) * 2021-12-30 2022-04-19 山东劳动职业技术学院(山东劳动技师学院) A environmental protection farming systems for improving living pig meat quality level
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