CN110367126A - A kind of livestock rearing device can be realized ecological circulation - Google Patents

A kind of livestock rearing device can be realized ecological circulation Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN110367126A
CN110367126A CN201910700312.6A CN201910700312A CN110367126A CN 110367126 A CN110367126 A CN 110367126A CN 201910700312 A CN201910700312 A CN 201910700312A CN 110367126 A CN110367126 A CN 110367126A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixedly mounted
bottom plate
animal
ecological circulation
livestock rearing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910700312.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN110367126B (en
Inventor
许贵善
冯昕炜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tarim University
Original Assignee
Tarim University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tarim University filed Critical Tarim University
Priority to CN201910700312.6A priority Critical patent/CN110367126B/en
Publication of CN110367126A publication Critical patent/CN110367126A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110367126B publication Critical patent/CN110367126B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/0035Transportable or mobile animal shelters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K15/00Devices for taming animals, e.g. nose-rings or hobbles; Devices for overturning animals in general; Training or exercising equipment; Covering boxes
    • A01K15/02Training or exercising equipment, e.g. mazes or labyrinths for animals ; Electric shock devices ; Toys specially adapted for animals
    • A01K15/027Exercising equipment, e.g. tread mills, carousels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K5/00Feeding devices for stock or game ; Feeding wagons; Feeding stacks
    • A01K5/02Automatic devices
    • A01K5/0208Automatic devices with conveyor belts or the like
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K7/00Arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with dynamo-electric machines, e.g. structural association with mechanical driving motors or auxiliary dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K7/18Structural association of electric generators with mechanical driving motors, e.g. with turbines
    • H02K7/1807Rotary generators
    • H02K7/1861Rotary generators driven by animals or vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/28Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for farming

Landscapes

  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Physical Education & Sports Medicine (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Birds (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Housing For Livestock And Birds (AREA)
  • Feeding And Watering For Cattle Raising And Animal Husbandry (AREA)

Abstract

A kind of livestock rearing device can be realized ecological circulation, including a section or in the more piece feeding room of rods arranged in horizontal line, feeding room is equipped with crawler type or wheel-track type walking mechanism, hydraulic lifting mechanism, feeding room includes that bottom plate is fixedly connected with ceiling by triangle steel cage, fecaluria porus excretorius is opened up on bottom plate, the fecaluria of animal is sprinkling upon meadow and excessive environmental pollution problem never occurs, realize that animal fecaluria is converted to green forage feeding animals, it is greatly decreased and manually feeds feed, it reduces feeding cost and improves raising economic benefit, realize that mechanical raising is excessively arrived in artificial feeding, labor is greatly decreased, save labour wage expenditure.Automatic management is arrived after degree by mechanically actuated, conventional animal husbandry is made excessively to arrive Modern Animal Husbandry.

Description

A kind of livestock rearing device can be realized ecological circulation
Technical field
The invention belongs to livestock-raising technical field, specifically a kind of livestock rearing dress that can be realized ecological circulation It sets.
Background technique
Since ancient times from the nomadic raising animal of native pasture excessively to artificially sown pastures, feedstuff feeding herbage is arrived in regional rotation grazing again Plantation, fixed prisoner, which supports feeding animals, makes the mankind obtain livestock products abundant, and abundant people's lives are horizontal, has stepped up poultry Herd the development of productivity.Illustrate that livestock technology is constantly improving, herding benefit is also being continuously improved.In very long farming industry In evolutionary process, feed main source, plant of the people to the overall process of farming industry there has also been clearly recognizing, from raising animal Object, and plant growth needs soil sunlight moisture and fertilizer, and the animal that prisoner supports needs column home and various feeding facilities.Till now There are no any feeding manners, can collect soil, plant, animal, column home, the streamlined feeding animals of feed harvesting processing, excrement The efficient pasture equipment of ecological circulation in urine reduction soil occurs.
Animal husbandry there are the problem of
1. the nomadic raising unit area animal number of native pasture is low: it is reported that five mu of native pastures can only support a sheep, and It will appear deterioration of grasslands without being controlled animal number and decay, until Desertification of grassland.Mainly grassland cannot get liquid manure Compensation is only asked for grassland, and without returning to grassland, proverb is " people deceives belly with deceiving land for building ".For protection, grassland country must not The policy of controlled feeding quantity is not put into effect.To protect the existence of native pasture to continue.
2. artificially sown pastures grass yield height is not suitable for herding: due to artificially sown pastures soil moisten fertile loose herbage it is light green intolerant to It tramples on, drove, which falls over each other to adopt to eat, can substantially trample on waste pollution herbage, cause forage grass utilization rate extremely low but also influence next time Herbage regrowth.The nomadic raising of artificially sown pastures can not embody the meaning and value of Planting Grass.
3. the fixed prisoner of artificially sown pastures supports, large labor intensity, investment is big, benefit is low;Artificially sown pastures pass through arable land ferti-seeding, The forage feed high yield and good quality nutritive value of production is high, needs manually or mechanically to carry out cradling transport herbage, needs to build Column home fecaluria treatment facility, fixed feed lot often will appear fecaluria surplus and environmental pollution occur, obtain a large amount of organic fertilizers not Be wasted to use, if a large amount of fecalurias that feed lot produces are reverted to grassland it is necessary to pay secondary labour increase at This spending.And the compensation that grassland cannot get organic fertilizer just will appear grass yield decline, the hardening soil occur influences herbage growth, raises Supply falls short of demand for material to influence pasture production, and grassplot will increase feeding cost using imposing chemical fertilizer again, the hardening soil occurs, heavy More raise benefits of working again are not high.So returning husbandry to grassland policy is difficult to implement.Affect the income of herdsman.
4. fixed prisoner is concentrated to support asnimal pollution ambient enviroment: fecaluria, feeding quantity will be generated regardless of raising what animal The fecaluria of more voluminous life is more, the too small irrigation canals and ditches river or reservoir hilly pond that will overflow to surrounding of savings facility, keeps water body rich Nutrient laden causes ambient enviroment to stink to high heaven water quality deterioration, seriously affects the environmental quality of surrounding resident, while also affecting dynamic Object growth and living environment.
5. not forming the ecological circulation chain of interdependence with animal farm existing livestock feed: forage feed is It is a kind of to be passively grown in plant on soil, and animal is that the animal eaten is adopted in a kind of active searching, has there there and goes, It is to generate seed melon and fruit stem tuber with plant itself or plant as food.And plant growth is with soil sunlight moisture and fertilizer Based on.Artificial support animal concentration prisoner is raised in a fixed area, will generate a large amount of fecaluria, and fecaluria It is the essential organic fertilizer of plant growth, as the saying goes, " there are receipts to confiscate and be that receive of water, receipts is fertilizer less more ".If kind Plant and cultivation be combined by equipment and form ecological circulation chain, realization both sides learn from other's strong points to offset one's weaknesses will generate it is a kind of high Produce efficient culture efficiency.
6. south is had a large population, great market potential livestock product sale price is high, tired because lacking grazing pasture development plant-eating animal It is difficult.Even if establishing artificial high yield grassplot, fertile it is not suitable for herding because grassland soil moistens.So existing herding mode constrains The development of southern industry.
7. the low waste of existing animal husbandry benefit is big: now regardless of which kind of animal raised, all liking buying feed feeding dynamic Object sells animal money-making.Especially pig breeding industry is all largely in market purchase mixed feed raising, and market feed price is low, Selling price height pig raising in live pig market is just made money.Opposite market feed price rise feeding cost increases, and the drop pig raising of market pig price Occur as soon as loss.Artificial prisoner supports plant-eating animal also in that artificial investment is excessive and influences economic benefit.Due to market price lattice wave Dynamic pig breeding industry is chronically at a kind of three ups and three downs state, and peasant does not resist the ability of market price fluctuations at all.Many cultivation Family is by living by government subsidy.To cause market supply to fluctuate.Also the pig raising enthusiasm of peasant, agriculture have been seriously affected The income of the people cannot also ensure.It was that every household does breeding before 30 years, the organic fertilizer of production is used to the infertile field that plants vegetables, everywhere It is blue mountains and green waters, problem of environmental pollution does not also occur.It is chemical fertilizer kind till now, rich and influential family's raising raising pollution but occurs and asks Topic.But raising family ignores the problem of raising industry ecological circulation link chain, and raising animal can produce organic fertilizer, and organic fertilizer can To cultivate feed, feeding cost can be reduced with commercial feed and chemical fertilizer less.And feed is to have plant on growth soil again The soil of object growth is exactly to receive the function of dirty environment purification, ignores the powerful of grassland and receives dirty purification function.Present cities and towns Waste water control, which mostly has, purifies town sewage using Function of Wetland.Why not livestock rearing goes to cultivate using organic fertilizer Feed reduces feed cost, but organic fertilizer is allowed to go to waste the environment that depollutes.
Things observation
1. pasture growing: pasture growing is a kind of animal feed industry that Modern Animal Husbandry grows up, by artificial screening The herbage new varieties of culture have yield height, nutritive value height, diversification of varieties, have spring habit herbage, winter habit herbage, have pulse family Herbage, graminous pasture are there are also Compositae Herbages, kurrajong herbage etc., and the fast yield of pasture growth rate is high, spring habit herbage and The scientific per mu yield of winter habit herbage collocation can achieve tens tons of yield, but need to meet a large amount of liquid manure demand.With greater need for organic The investment of fertilizer, can the plant-eating animals and omnivorous animal such as full feeding ox, sheep, pig, rabbit, goose demand.Plantation artificial high yield is herded Grass is the essential important component of rural development animal husbandry.A kind of even more good method of peasant programme, plantation are high Efficient grass domestic birds and animals are produced, the dosage of concentrated feed is reduced, feeding cost can be greatly reduced, improve culture efficiency.It is A kind of good measure for resisting market livestock products price fluctuation risk is that the good project increased income and economized on spending is realized in rural development animal husbandry.
2. animal feeding: people just like the tradition of nomadic raising animal, also most earn because most saving trouble so since ancient times Money, but this be a kind of extensive cultivation original production method and a kind of aggressiveness feeding manner, be that one kind is unfavorable for surviving The mode of development is a kind of mode that a small amount of livestock products are raised with a large amount of land areas, and land output benefit is extremely low, can also There is environmental disruption problem.Animal husbandry is set to have bigger survival and development space just to have to improve unit area animal number, Unit area grass yield is improved simultaneously.Present fixed farm fecaluria surplus can all occur regardless of raising what animal, make At excessive pollution ambient enviroment problem, and it is too unfortunate for having abandoned a large amount of organic fertilizers and not being utilized really, and these Organic fertilizer is that plant growth needs most and most un-come-at-able all-sided fertilizer again.
Authorization Notice No. is that the patent of invention of CN105359985B discloses a kind of ecological circulation walking livestock rearing room, should Application tentatively solves the above problem, but the device is difficult to meet present people for meat requirement increasingly higher demands, Want it is with good meat quality first have to guarantee institute domesticated animal amount of exercise it is up to standard, the technical solution of this application is difficult to realize the function, The construction of this application relies on power grid, larger by fixed power grid power supply difficulty to the big equipment of moving range, it has not been convenient to it builds, It is difficult to realize save electric energy.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of livestock rearing device that can be realized ecological circulation, to solve in the prior art lack It falls into.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical programs:
A kind of livestock rearing device can be realized ecological circulation is raised including a section or in the more piece feeding room of rods arranged in horizontal line It supports room and is equipped with crawler type or wheel-track type walking mechanism;Hydraulic lifting mechanism is installed in walking mechanism;Walking mechanism passes through Hydraulic lifting mechanism supports feeding room;Feeding room includes bottom plate and ceiling, passes through triangle steel between bottom plate surrounding and ceiling Cage is fixedly connected, and fecaluria porus excretorius is opened up on bottom plate, and it is equally distributed aerial that muti-piece is respectively provided at left and right sides of bottom plate top Plate, fecaluria porus excretorius Roofing slab outer end is opened up on Roofing slab and is articulated and connected the upper end of support rod, and support rod is fixedly mounted on bottom It is articulated and connected before at the top of plate top, Roofing slab inner end and bottom plate by the first elastic component, the outer end of Roofing slab is fixedly mounted horizontal Bar, cross bar pass through triangle steel cage, and the position that bottom plate side corresponds to cross bar provides installation casing, is fixedly mounted in cabinet horizontal To guiding axis, the upside of guiding axis is equipped with the first lateral rack gear, and two guide sleeves, guiding is fixedly mounted in the first rack gear bottom It is sleeved on corresponding guiding axis, box top corresponds to and opens up through-hole at the outer end of cross bar, and pulley, pulley position are installed in cabinet It is fixedly connected between the outer end and the outer end of corresponding first rack gear of corresponding through-hole downside cross bar by wirerope, wirerope Across corresponding through-hole and corresponding pulley is bypassed, the inner end of the first rack gear and cabinet are between the inner sidewall of bottom plate by the Two elastic components are fixedly connected, and generator is fixedly mounted in cabinet inner top, are fixedly mounted gear in the shaft of generator, gear with it is right The the first rack gear engagement cooperation answered, is fixedly mounted battery in cabinet, multiple Combined storage batteries at battery pack, generator with it is corresponding Battery engage cooperation, the front and rear sides at the top of bottom plate are equipped with vertical pivot, and bearing activity connects at the top of the lower end of vertical pivot and bottom plate It connects, is flexibly connected between the upper end and ceiling of vertical pivot by bearing, vertical pivot provides that suit carrier bar roller, vertical pivot pass through at lower end First power motor system drive is connected by carrier bar between two carrier bar rollers, and the outside of carrier bar sets the baffle of oval ring-type, It is fixed by the bracket connection between baffle and ceiling, forms the column home area of oval ring, the periphery of carrier bar between baffle and carrier bar Several equally distributed hoppers are fixedly mounted in bottom, and mobile mowing chaffcutter mechanism and its moving guide rail is arranged in the front of bottom plate, Mowing chaffcutter mechanism is suspended on guide rail and moves along the moving guide rail, and material storing box, mowing chaffcutter is fixedly mounted in ceiling bottom Mechanism is connect with material storing box by transmission device, and discharge nozzle is fixedly mounted in material storing box bottom, installation rotation inside discharge nozzle lower end Formula discharging device, hopper is with carrier bar by the lower end of discharge nozzle when mobile.
A kind of livestock rearing device can be realized ecological circulation as described above, the rotary discharger include Horizontal axis and four plectrums, four plectrums are uniformly fixedly mounted on the side of horizontal axis, and two of them plectrum is horizontal, other two plectrum Vertically, the both ends of horizontal axis are flexibly connected with the side wall bearing of discharge nozzle, and wherein one end of horizontal axis is pierced by the outside of discharge nozzle simultaneously It is connect with the second power motor system drive.
A kind of livestock rearing device can be realized ecological circulation as described above, first elastic component and the second bullet Property part is elastic telescoping bar.
A kind of livestock rearing device can be realized ecological circulation as described above, the walking mechanism are driven using electric power It is dynamic.
A kind of livestock rearing device can be realized ecological circulation as described above, the ceiling top are fixedly mounted too Positive energy solar panel, solar panel are connected with battery pack.
A kind of livestock rearing device can be realized ecological circulation as described above, the periphery middle part rotation of the carrier bar Several equally distributed levers are installed.
A kind of livestock rearing device can be realized ecological circulation as described above, the baffle inner wall correspond to outside lever The second rack gear of annular, the fixed suit sliding tooth wheel in the outer end of lever are fixedly mounted at end, driving gear is engaged with the second rack gear Several equally distributed tightropes are fixedly mounted in the side of cooperation, lever.
Ring is fixedly mounted in a kind of livestock rearing device can be realized ecological circulation as described above, the baffle inner wall The stop collar of shape, fibrous ring are located at the upside of driving gear.
A kind of livestock rearing device can be realized ecological circulation as described above, the grassland that the feeding room is set up is Not by the gentle slope plot of flood inundation on tracks, the gradient is at 1~4% Yimianpu, and grassland length is 510~600 meters, every section feeding room 20~25 meters of length, grassland stayed every 20~25 meters a crawler travel lane or be laid with a rail.
A kind of livestock rearing device that can be realized ecological circulation as described above, the grassland that the feeding room is set up by Collocation plantation is carried out according to the nutritive value of various herbages, spring habit herbage and winter habit herbage intersect plantation, leguminous forage, grass family Herbage mixed planting.
The invention has the advantages that this walking livestock rearing house-owner will to raise based on plant-eating animal, with ox, sheep, horse, donkey, Deer, musk deer can equally raise pigs according to the characteristic that pig eats hundred samples grass.Pass through crawler type or wheel-track type walking mechanism (existing skill Art repeats no more) present invention can be driven to advance from the one end on grassland to the other end.Livestock rearing room walk in growth herbage Meadow starts harvesting processing feeding animals on one side, slowly advances towards the opposite on grassland, according to animal it is daily adopt the amount of eating determine to Move ahead into distance, the beginning of the month starts in the one end on grassland, and the end of the month, which adopts, has the end on grassland and be one and adopt and eat the period.The beginning of the month, which adopts, eats One side grassplot, grow to after secondary recycling and meet the standard of eating of adopting, at this moment feeding room passes through pair that hydraulic cylinder promotes feeding room Ground height, rapid backward to the beginning of the month adopts the one side eaten backward, and beginning second, which is adopted, eats the period, throughout the year in cycles in turn It adopts and eats, discharge the fecaluria of animal on the meadow adopted after eating in Cai Chi, according to the rule of " the motionless urine of dung does not move ", make organic Fertilizer promptly and accurately spray water to grassland in time by homogeneous reduction grassland, arid season, makes the superior regeneration ring of grassland acquisition in cycles Border.Create the ecological environment of grassland long term stable production high yield.It increases substantially the grass yield of the unit area on grassland and carries poultry Amount.It is increased to grassland forage grass utilization rate absolutely.Organic fertilizer utilization rate is absolutely.Realize zero environmental.Animal Fecaluria is sprinkling upon meadow and excessive environmental pollution problem never occurs, and realizes that animal fecaluria is converted to green forage feeding animals, It is greatly decreased and manually feeds feed, reduce feeding cost and improve raising economic benefit, realize that mechanical feeding is excessively arrived in artificial feeding It supports, labor is greatly decreased, save labour wage expenditure.Automatic management is arrived after degree by mechanically actuated, makes traditional poultry Modern Animal Husbandry is excessively arrived in animal husbandry.
The present invention has to be also equipped on the basis of above-mentioned function to be generated electricity using the kinetic energy that animal activity generates, and will be electric It can be carried out the use that storage supplies electrical equipment of the present invention, realize the self-sufficient of electric energy, convenient for being used in non-Electric region, Construction Party Just, power grid is not depended on, animal is housed in inside the column home area of oval ring by energy conservation and environmental protection, can drive animal in column home area Walking about for annular is done, Roofing slab can be constantly trampled when animal is walked about, the inner end of Roofing slab moves down and around itself and support at this time The hinged place of bar rotates, and the outer end of corresponding cross bar, which increases and passes through corresponding wirerope, pulls corresponding first rack gear mobile, Corresponding gear rotation drives corresponding electrical power generators, the first elastic component and the second bullet when animal is removed from the Roofing slab Property part can make components corresponding with the Roofing slab automatically reset, can be with when multiple animals walk or run in column home area Improper tramples Roofing slab, and generator corresponding with the Roofing slab trampled can constantly generate electricity, and electric energy is stored in storage In battery, the method that driving animal is walked about in column home area can be made one to drive, the method that can also be lured with food, such as In feeding by the first power motor system drive vertical axis, vertical pivot moves carrier bar rotation by carrier bar roller strap, and hopper is therewith Rotation, when hopper is moved to discharge nozzle lower end position, rotary discharger job control forage is flowed out and is fallen on corresponding In hopper, supplement forage can be carried out to multiple hoppers automatically by this method, supplemented the hopper of forage constantly with carrier bar Rotation, animal, which is wanted to pasture, expects just walk with one piece of hopper, not only complete the nursing to animal by this way, moreover it is possible to Guidance animal, which is run, takes exercises, and animal more stalwartness can be allowed to be not easy sick, to feed by this method animal output Meat quality it is higher, improve the quality of cultivation.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is this hair Bright some embodiments for those of ordinary skill in the art without any creative labor, can be with It obtains other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention;Fig. 2 is I partial enlarged view of Fig. 1;Fig. 3 is carrier bar, hopper, baffle Between location diagram;Fig. 4 is II partial enlarged view of Fig. 1;Fig. 5 is III partial enlarged view of Fig. 1.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In attached drawing, technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is A part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art Every other embodiment obtained without creative efforts, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
A kind of livestock rearing device can be realized ecological circulation, as shown, including a section or in rods arranged in horizontal line More piece feeding room, feeding room are equipped with crawler type or wheel-track type walking mechanism;Hydraulic lifting mechanism is installed in walking mechanism; Walking mechanism supports feeding room by hydraulic lifting mechanism;Feeding room includes bottom plate 1 and ceiling 2, between 1 surrounding of bottom plate and ceiling It is fixedly connected by triangle steel cage, fecaluria porus excretorius is opened up on bottom plate 1, is respectively provided at left and right sides of 1 top of bottom plate more Block equally distributed Roofing slab 3 opens up 3 outer end of fecaluria porus excretorius Roofing slab on Roofing slab 3 and is articulated and connected the upper of support rod 4 End, support rod 4 are fixedly mounted on 1 top of bottom plate, and 3 inner end of Roofing slab is hingedly connected with before 1 top of bottom plate by the first elastic component 5 It connects, cross bar 6 is fixedly mounted in the outer end of Roofing slab 3, and cross bar 6 passes through triangle steel cage, and 1 side of bottom plate corresponds to the position of cross bar 6 It provides installation casing 7, lateral guiding axis 8 is fixedly mounted in cabinet 7, the upside of guiding axis 8 is equipped with the first lateral rack gear 9, two guide sleeves 10 are fixedly mounted in 9 bottom of the first rack gear, and guide sleeve 10 is sleeved on corresponding guiding axis 8,7 top surface pair of cabinet It answers and opens up through-hole 11 at the outer end of cross bar 6, pulley 12 is installed in cabinet 7, pulley 12 is located at corresponding 11 downside cross bar 6 of through-hole It is fixedly connected between outer end and the outer end of corresponding first rack gear 9 by wirerope 13, wirerope 13 passes through corresponding through-hole 11 And corresponding pulley 12 is bypassed, the inner end of the first rack gear 9 and cabinet pass through the second elastic component 14 between the inner sidewall of bottom plate 1 Be fixedly connected, generator 15 is fixedly mounted in cabinet inner top, be fixedly mounted gear 16 in the shaft of generator 15, gear 16 with it is right The the first rack gear 9 engagement cooperation answered, cabinet 7 is interior to be fixedly mounted battery 17, and multiple batteries 17 are combined into battery pack, generator 15 engage cooperation with corresponding battery 17, and the front and rear sides at 1 top of bottom plate are equipped with vertical pivot 19, the lower end of vertical pivot 19 and bottom plate 1 top bearing is flexibly connected, and is flexibly connected between the upper end and ceiling 2 of vertical pivot 19 by bearing, vertical pivot 19 is advised at lower end Surely it is set with carrier bar roller 20, vertical pivot 19 passes through the first power motor system drive, is connected between two carrier bar rollers 20 by carrier bar 21, The outside of carrier bar 21 sets the baffle 22 of oval ring-type, and connection, baffle 22 and chain are fixed by the bracket between baffle 22 and ceiling The column home area 23 of oval ring is formed between plate 21, several equally distributed hoppers 24 are fixedly mounted in the periphery bottom of carrier bar 21, Mobile mowing chaffcutter mechanism is arranged in the front of bottom plate 1 and its moving guide rail, mowing chaffcutter mechanism are suspended on guide rail and along institutes It is mobile to state moving guide rail, 2 bottom of ceiling is fixedly mounted material storing box 25, mowing chaffcutter mechanism and material storing box 25 and connects by transmission device It connects, discharge nozzle 26 is fixedly mounted in 25 bottom of material storing box, installs rotary discharger 27 inside 26 lower end of discharge nozzle, hopper is with chain By the lower end of discharge nozzle 26 when plate is mobile.This walking livestock rearing house-owner will to raise based on plant-eating animal, with ox, sheep, horse, Donkey, deer, musk deer can equally raise pigs according to the characteristic that pig eats hundred samples grass.It is (existing by crawler type or wheel-track type walking mechanism Technology repeats no more) present invention can be driven to advance from the one end on grassland to the other end.Livestock rearing room walk in growth herbage Meadow start harvesting processing feeding animals on one side, slowly advance towards the opposite on grassland, according to animal, the daily amount of eating of adopting is determined The distance advanced forward, the beginning of the month start in the one end on grassland, and the end of the month, which adopts, has the end on grassland and be one and adopt and eat the period.The beginning of the month adopts One side grassplot eaten grows to after secondary recycling and meets the standard of eating of adopting, and at this moment feeding room passes through hydraulic cylinder and promotes feeding room Distance away the ground, rapid backward to the beginning of the month adopts the one side eaten backward, and beginning second, which is adopted, eats the period, takes turns in cycles throughout the year Stream, which is adopted, to be eaten, and discharges the fecaluria of animal on the meadow adopted after eating in Cai Chi, according to the rule of " the motionless urine of dung does not move ", makes to have Machine fertilizer promptly and accurately spray water to grassland in time by homogeneous reduction grassland, arid season, makes the superior regeneration of grassland acquisition in cycles Environment.Create the ecological environment of grassland long term stable production high yield.It increases substantially the grass yield of the unit area on grassland and carries poultry Amount.It is increased to grassland forage grass utilization rate absolutely.Organic fertilizer utilization rate is absolutely.Realize zero environmental.Animal Fecaluria is sprinkling upon meadow and excessive environmental pollution problem never occurs, and realizes that animal fecaluria is converted to green forage feeding animals, It is greatly decreased and manually feeds feed, reduce feeding cost and improve raising economic benefit, realize that mechanical feeding is excessively arrived in artificial feeding It supports, labor is greatly decreased, save labour wage expenditure.Automatic management is arrived after degree by mechanically actuated, makes traditional poultry Modern Animal Husbandry is excessively arrived in animal husbandry.
The present invention has to be also equipped on the basis of above-mentioned function to be generated electricity using the kinetic energy that animal activity generates, and will be electric It can be carried out the use that storage supplies electrical equipment of the present invention, realize the self-sufficient of electric energy, convenient for being used in non-Electric region, Construction Party Just, power grid is not depended on, animal is housed in inside the column home area 23 of oval ring by energy conservation and environmental protection, can drive animal in column home area Inside do annular walk about, Roofing slab 3 can be constantly trampled when animal is walked about, at this time the inner end of Roofing slab 3 move down and around its with The hinged place of support rod 4 rotates, and the outer end of corresponding cross bar 6, which increases and passes through corresponding wirerope 13, pulls corresponding first tooth Item 9 is mobile, and the corresponding rotation of gear 16 drives corresponding generator 15 to generate electricity, when animal is removed from the Roofing slab 3 first Elastic component and the second elastic component can make components corresponding with the Roofing slab automatically reset, when multiple animals are in column home area expert What can be dishonoured when walking or running tramples Roofing slab, and generator corresponding with the Roofing slab trampled can constantly generate electricity, and Electric energy is stored in battery, the method that driving animal is walked about in column home area can make one that food can also be used to drive The method lured, for example in feeding by the first power motor system drive vertical axis, vertical pivot moves chain by carrier bar roller strap Plate rotation, hopper 24 rotates with it, when hopper 24 is moved to 26 lower end position of discharge nozzle, the work control of rotary discharger 27 Forage processed is flowed out and is fallen in corresponding hopper 24, can carry out supplement forage to multiple hoppers automatically by this method, supplement The hopper of complete forage is constantly rotated with carrier bar, and animal, which is wanted to pasture, expects just walk with one piece of hopper, by this way not The nursing to animal has been only completed it, moreover it is possible to guide animal to run and take exercises, animal more stalwartness can be allowed to be not easy sick, lead to The quality for crossing the meat for the animal output that this method is fed is higher, improves the quality of cultivation.
Specifically, as shown, rotary discharger 27 described in the present embodiment includes horizontal axis 271 and four plectrums 272, four plectrums 272 are uniformly fixedly mounted on the side of horizontal axis 271, and two of them plectrum 272 is horizontal, other two plectrum 272 is vertical, and the both ends of horizontal axis 271 are flexibly connected with the side wall bearing of discharge nozzle 26, and wherein one end of horizontal axis 271 is pierced by discharging The outside of pipe 26 is simultaneously connect with the second power motor system drive.When hopper passes through discharge nozzle lower end, the second power motor system System driving horizontal axis 271 turns an angle, which is 90 degree of integral multiple, and plectrum 272 rotates with it can will be a certain amount of Forage be discharged and fall in corresponding hopper, the dispensing that feeder trough quantifies forage may be implemented by the design.
Specifically, as shown, the first elastic component 5 and the second elastic component 14 described in the present embodiment are elastic telescoping Bar.The mounting stability of Roofing slab 3 and the first rack gear can be improved by the design.
Further, as shown, the use of walking mechanism described in the present embodiment is driven by electricity.The design, which can be convenient, to be made User is to movement of the invention.
Further, as shown, solar panel, solar energy are fixedly mounted at the top of ceiling described in the present embodiment Solar panel is connected with battery pack.The voluntarily electric power storage efficiency that battery pack of the present invention can be improved by the design, guarantees the confession of electricity It answers.
Further, as shown, being rotatablely installed several uniform points in the middle part of the periphery of carrier bar 21 described in the present embodiment The lever 28 of cloth.Carrier bar 21 rotate when drive lever 28 rotate with it, domesticated animal can be driven, guarantee animal around Column home area 23 walks about.
Further, as shown, baffle inner wall described in the present embodiment corresponds to fixed installation ring at 28 outer end of lever Second rack gear 29 of shape, the fixed suit sliding tooth wheel 30 in the outer end of lever 28, drives gear 30 to engage cooperation with the second rack gear 29, Several equally distributed tightropes 31 are fixedly mounted in the side of lever 28.When carrier bar rotates, in driving gear and second rack gear 29 Engagement cooperates lower lever to start autobiography, and tightrope 31 is rotated around corresponding lever, and the tightrope 31 of rotation can carry out into one animal Step is driven, and guarantees that animal is mobile around column home area 23.
Further, as shown, the stop collar 32 of annular, fiber is fixedly mounted in baffle inner wall described in the present embodiment Ring 32 is located at the upside of driving gear 30.Can guarantee that gear 30 is driven to match with engaging for the second rack gear by the design of stop collar It closes, improves the mounting stability of lever.
Further, as shown, the grassland that feeding room described in the present embodiment is set up is not delayed by flood inundation on tracks Hillside fields block, the gradient is at 1~4% Yimianpu, and grassland length is 510~600 meters, 20~25 meters of the length of every section feeding room, grass A crawler travel lane is stayed every 20~25 meters or is laid with a rail in field.The design can guarantee the structural strength of feeding room And normal walking.
Further, as shown, the grassland set up of feeding room described in the present embodiment according to various herbages nutrition Value carries out collocation plantation, and spring habit herbage and winter habit herbage intersect plantation, leguminous forage, graminous pasture mixed planting.This sets Meter can guarantee the diversity of the foodstuff of domesticated animal.
Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although Present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments, those skilled in the art should understand that: it still may be used To modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features; And these are modified or replaceed, technical solution of various embodiments of the present invention that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution spirit and Range.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of livestock rearing device that can be realized ecological circulation, it is characterised in that: including a section or in rods arranged in horizontal line More piece feeding room, feeding room are equipped with crawler type or wheel-track type walking mechanism;Hydraulic lifting mechanism is installed in walking mechanism; Walking mechanism supports feeding room by hydraulic lifting mechanism;Feeding room includes bottom plate (1) and ceiling (2), bottom plate (1) surrounding and top It is fixedly connected by triangle steel cage between canopy, fecaluria porus excretorius, the left and right two on bottom plate (1) top is opened up on bottom plate (1) Side is respectively provided with the equally distributed Roofing slab of muti-piece (3), and it is hinged that fecaluria porus excretorius Roofing slab (3) outer end is opened up on Roofing slab (3) The upper end of connection support bar (4), support rod (4) are fixedly mounted on bottom plate (1) top, Roofing slab (3) inner end and bottom plate (1) top It is articulated and connected before by the first elastic component (5), cross bar (6) are fixedly mounted in the outer end of Roofing slab (3), and cross bar (6) passes through triangle Shape steel cage, the position that bottom plate (1) side corresponds to cross bar (6) provide installation casing (7), are fixedly mounted laterally in cabinet (7) Guiding axis (8), the upside of guiding axis (8) is equipped with lateral the first rack gear (9), and the first rack gear (9) bottom is fixedly mounted two Guide sleeve (10), guide sleeve (10) are sleeved on corresponding guiding axis (8), and cabinet (7) top surface corresponds to opens at the outer ends of cross bar (6) If through-hole (11), pulley (12) are installed in cabinet (7), pulley (12) is located at the outer end of cross bar (6) on the downside of corresponding through-hole (11) It is fixedly connected between the outer end of corresponding first rack gear (9) by wirerope (13), wirerope (13) passes through corresponding through-hole (11) and corresponding pulley (12) are bypassed, the inner end of the first rack gear (9) and cabinet are between the inner sidewall of bottom plate (1) by the Two elastic components (14) are fixedly connected, and generator (15) are fixedly mounted in cabinet inner top, are fixedly mounted in the shaft of generator (15) Gear (16), gear (16) is engaged with corresponding first rack gear (9) to be cooperated, and battery (17) are fixedly mounted in cabinet (7), multiple Battery (17) is combined into battery pack, and generator (15) is engaged with corresponding battery (17) to be cooperated, the front and back at the top of bottom plate (1) Two sides are equipped with vertical pivot (19), and the lower end of vertical pivot (19) is flexibly connected with bearing at the top of bottom plate (1), the upper end and top of vertical pivot (19) It is flexibly connected between canopy (2) by bearing, vertical pivot (19) regulation suit carrier bar roller (20) at the lower end, vertical pivot (19) passes through the One power motor system drive is connected by carrier bar (21) between two carrier bar rollers (20), and the outside of carrier bar (21) sets ellipse Cricoid baffle (22), is fixed by the bracket between baffle (22) and ceiling and connect, and is formed between baffle (22) and carrier bar (21) Several equally distributed hoppers (24), bottom plate (1) is fixedly mounted in the periphery bottom in the column home area (23) of oval ring, carrier bar (21) Front mobile mowing chaffcutter mechanism is set and its moving guide rail, mowing chaffcutter mechanism are suspended on guide rail and move along described Guide rail is mobile, and material storing box (25) are fixedly mounted in ceiling (2) bottom, and mowing chaffcutter mechanism and material storing box (25) are connected by transmission device It connecing, discharge nozzle (26) are fixedly mounted in material storing box (25) bottom, rotary discharger (27) are installed inside discharge nozzle (26) lower end, Hopper passes through the lower end of discharge nozzle (26) with carrier bar when mobile.
2. a kind of livestock rearing device that can be realized ecological circulation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Rotary discharger (27) includes horizontal axis (271) and four plectrums (272), and four plectrums (272) are uniformly fixedly mounted on cross The side of axis (271), two of them plectrum (272) are horizontal, other two plectrum (272) vertically, the both ends of horizontal axis (271) with go out The side wall bearing of expects pipe (26) is flexibly connected, and wherein one end of horizontal axis (271) is pierced by the outside of discharge nozzle (26) and with second The connection of power motor system drive.
3. a kind of livestock rearing device that can be realized ecological circulation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described First elastic component (5) and the second elastic component (14) are elastic telescoping bar.
4. a kind of livestock rearing device that can be realized ecological circulation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Walking mechanism is used and is driven by electricity.
5. a kind of livestock rearing device that can be realized ecological circulation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Solar panel is fixedly mounted at the top of ceiling, solar panel is connected with battery pack.
6. a kind of livestock rearing device that can be realized ecological circulation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Several equally distributed levers (28) are rotatablely installed in the middle part of the periphery of carrier bar (21).
7. a kind of livestock rearing device that can be realized ecological circulation according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: described Baffle inner wall corresponds to the second rack gear (29) that annular is fixedly mounted at lever (28) outer end, and the fixed suit in the outer end of lever (28) drives Cooperation is engaged in moving gear (30), driving gear (30) with the second rack gear (29), and the side of lever (28) is fixedly mounted several uniform The tightrope (31) of distribution.
8. a kind of livestock rearing device that can be realized ecological circulation according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: described The stop collar (32) of annular is fixedly mounted in baffle inner wall, and fibrous ring (32) is located at the upside of driving gear (30).
9. a kind of livestock rearing device that can be realized ecological circulation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described The grassland that feeding room is set up is the not gentle slope plot by flood inundation on tracks, the gradient at 1~4% Yimianpu, grassland length is 510~ 600 meters, 20~25 meters of the length of every section feeding room, grassland stays a crawler travel lane or laying one every 20~25 meters Rail.
10. a kind of livestock rearing device that can be realized ecological circulation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described The grassland set up of feeding room carry out collocation plantation according to the nutritive value of various herbages, spring habit herbage and winter habit herbage are intersected kind It plants, leguminous forage, graminous pasture mixed planting.
CN201910700312.6A 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 Livestock breeding device capable of realizing ecological cycle Active CN110367126B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910700312.6A CN110367126B (en) 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 Livestock breeding device capable of realizing ecological cycle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910700312.6A CN110367126B (en) 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 Livestock breeding device capable of realizing ecological cycle

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110367126A true CN110367126A (en) 2019-10-25
CN110367126B CN110367126B (en) 2021-05-14

Family

ID=68257343

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910700312.6A Active CN110367126B (en) 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 Livestock breeding device capable of realizing ecological cycle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110367126B (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110934084A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-03-31 西安德贝盈农业科技有限公司 Pet is raised with location pacifying device
CN113016636A (en) * 2021-04-16 2021-06-25 郑州市农业综合行政执法支队 Animal husbandry breeding house
CN114365693A (en) * 2021-12-30 2022-04-19 山东劳动职业技术学院(山东劳动技师学院) A environmental protection farming systems for improving living pig meat quality level
CN114766429A (en) * 2022-04-29 2022-07-22 王素可 Ecological recyclable chicken raising method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102004032838A1 (en) * 2004-07-05 2006-02-02 Laue, Hans-Joachim, Prof. Dr. Portable stall unit has mountings on corner uprights which allow pair of wheels to be fitted on one side, unit then being lifted on opposite side and towed to new position
CN205455156U (en) * 2015-06-15 2016-08-17 李艳辉 Ecological cycle walking is raisd livestock or poultry and is raised room
CN107258552A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-10-20 开阳县隆兴农业发展有限责任公司 A kind of BaMa miniature pig cultivation movable pigsty
CN107711521A (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-02-23 郑世坤 It is a kind of to remove ammonia environment-friendly type livestock rearing house and the plant based on breeding house
CN107853188A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-03-30 黄冰莹 A kind of full-automatic shit remover of livestock breeding industry
CN109353264A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-02-19 尹圣文 One kind can cultivate automatically and clean mobile livestock cultivation vehicle

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102004032838A1 (en) * 2004-07-05 2006-02-02 Laue, Hans-Joachim, Prof. Dr. Portable stall unit has mountings on corner uprights which allow pair of wheels to be fitted on one side, unit then being lifted on opposite side and towed to new position
CN205455156U (en) * 2015-06-15 2016-08-17 李艳辉 Ecological cycle walking is raisd livestock or poultry and is raised room
CN107258552A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-10-20 开阳县隆兴农业发展有限责任公司 A kind of BaMa miniature pig cultivation movable pigsty
CN107711521A (en) * 2017-10-20 2018-02-23 郑世坤 It is a kind of to remove ammonia environment-friendly type livestock rearing house and the plant based on breeding house
CN107853188A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-03-30 黄冰莹 A kind of full-automatic shit remover of livestock breeding industry
CN109353264A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-02-19 尹圣文 One kind can cultivate automatically and clean mobile livestock cultivation vehicle

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110934084A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-03-31 西安德贝盈农业科技有限公司 Pet is raised with location pacifying device
CN113016636A (en) * 2021-04-16 2021-06-25 郑州市农业综合行政执法支队 Animal husbandry breeding house
CN114365693A (en) * 2021-12-30 2022-04-19 山东劳动职业技术学院(山东劳动技师学院) A environmental protection farming systems for improving living pig meat quality level
CN114766429A (en) * 2022-04-29 2022-07-22 王素可 Ecological recyclable chicken raising method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN110367126B (en) 2021-05-14

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105359985B (en) A kind of ecological circulation walking livestock rearing room
CN110367126A (en) A kind of livestock rearing device can be realized ecological circulation
CN205052443U (en) Intelligent green organic environmental ecology circulation facility agricultural system
CN104115756B (en) Method for breeding beef cattle and mutton sheep standardly on large scale through photovoltaic facilities
CN103782914B (en) Full artificial intelligence ecosystem livestock breeding movable fencing system
CN101836606B (en) Comprehensive breeding method for macrobrachium nipponensis
CN102124938A (en) Continuous production device of hydroponics pasture
CN106797900A (en) A kind of method that cray shrimp rice makees ecologic breeding, breeds altogether
CN107980402A (en) A kind of ecological agriculture circulating planting system
CN102715127A (en) Southern mountain high-efficiency ecological goose raising method
CN108812040A (en) Vineyard set grass poultry zoology breeding technology
CN206061779U (en) Circular biological breeding device with photovoltaic panel
CN106508735A (en) Method for three-dimensional mixed culture of escargots and fish
CN106879554A (en) A kind of healthy aquaculture method of ecological hen
CN104621053A (en) Earthworm breeding method through photovoltaic facility (photovoltaic multi-span greenhouse)
CN106070048A (en) A kind of low cost ecology supports goose method
CN104705203B (en) Agriculture-stock production system based on track
CN103195271A (en) Comprehensive planting and cultivation circulating system and method
CN218417683U (en) Photovoltaic field coupling forest and grass recovery and poultry breeding composite ecological system
CN111789058A (en) Standardized large-scale ecological river crab breeding method
CN106465699A (en) A kind of method that Productivity is improved based on poultry grass coupling
CN110150156A (en) The ecological recycle system of one breeding stock dish symbiosis
CN211322349U (en) Integrated rice-pond planting and breeding system
CN106912292A (en) A kind of cultural method of ox greenfeed
CN106376518A (en) Under-forest ecology chicken breeding method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant