CN109792966A - A kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology Animal Raising Zone - Google Patents

A kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology Animal Raising Zone Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109792966A
CN109792966A CN201811602407.6A CN201811602407A CN109792966A CN 109792966 A CN109792966 A CN 109792966A CN 201811602407 A CN201811602407 A CN 201811602407A CN 109792966 A CN109792966 A CN 109792966A
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China
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area
water
zone
pond
vegetables
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Inventor
蒋文枰
贾永义
迟美丽
顾志敏
周鑫鑫
刘士力
程顺
郑建波
李飞
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ZHEJIANG INSTITUTE OF FRESH WATER AQUATIC PRODUCTS
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ZHEJIANG INSTITUTE OF FRESH WATER AQUATIC PRODUCTS
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Priority to CN201811602407.6A priority Critical patent/CN109792966A/en
Publication of CN109792966A publication Critical patent/CN109792966A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology Animal Raising Zone, culture zone: being used for aquatic;Ecological purification area: it is used for purifying aquaculture water, the ecological purification area includes simple utilization area, fruits and vegetables purifying area, biological cleaning area and profundal zone, and control zone: for monitoring culture water quality of tank system, which includes Office Area and the management house that is set near culture zone;Culture zone and ecological purification area cloth are set as making the water flow layout that racetrack flows in a ring, and simple utilization area, profundal zone, the biological cleaning area in ecological purification area are successively laid along endless track, and fruits and vegetables purifying area is laid in the middle part of endless track by form of straight lines.The present invention also provides novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology cultural method, the present invention can be achieved water resource and recycle, and reduce feed coefficient, ecologic breeding fish, water plant, vegetables etc., environmentally protective and energy-saving and emission-reduction, culture efficiency height.

Description

A kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology Animal Raising Zone
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of aquaculture, and in particular to a kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology Animal Raising Zone With a kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology cultural method.
Background technique
Currently, fishing breeding pond yield per mu is at 1000 kilograms or more, 1500 kilograms or more also not within minority.It maintains in this way Its main means of high yield are to use mixed feed on a large scale, largely change water and use fishery machinery.Bait under normal circumstances For coefficient 2.5 or so, 4000 tons or so of ton fish water consumption, mu is equipped with 0.7 kilowatt of power or so.And 70-80% feeds feed It is discharged into environment in the form of dissolving with particulate matter, according to energy transmission principle, that is to say, that there are about 1,000,000 for water surface for aquaculture per acre Gram or so N, P, CO2Equal organic substances are lost in pond environment.To maintain its normal operation, it is common practice that pass through water body Exchange is flowed into external environment, and accumulating over a long period just causes the eutrophication of water environment inside and outside pond.Especially " Taihu Lake cyanobacteria " Event causes whole society's concern water environment.To solve the above problems, the prior art is often using circulation flowing water three dimensional-planting-breeding side Method, that is, based on fish, the polynary production such as fish freshwater mussel water chestnut lotus root, closed circulation breeding system.The system by reservoir, level-one or The part such as one secondary purification pond, aquaculture pond forms, and takes dystopy ecological reestablishment measure, alleviates breeding production to a certain degree Influence to external environment, but waste is reduced shifting in the way of, removal efficiency is limited after all.Simultaneously as wanting Part cultured area will be sacrificed by purifying water, and most raisers is caused to be unwilling to cause most cultivation using the technology mode It is unwilling using the technology mode at family.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to provide recycle in a kind of novel pond using pond inner recirculation flow water aquaculture model Flowing water ecologic breeding cell reduces feed coefficient, ecologic breeding fish, water plant, vegetables, it can be achieved that water resource recycles Deng, environmentally protective and energy-saving and emission-reduction, culture efficiency height.
A kind of technical solution that the present invention is taken to achieve the above object are as follows: novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology cultivation Cell, comprising:
Culture zone: it is used for aquatic;
Ecological purification area: being used for purifying aquaculture water, which includes that simple utilization area, fruits and vegetables purifying area, biology are net Change area and profundal zone, and
Control zone: for monitoring culture water quality of tank system, which includes Office Area and the management house that is set near culture zone;
Culture zone and ecological purification area cloth are set as making the water flow layout that racetrack flows in a ring, the primary benefit in ecological purification area It is successively laid with area, profundal zone, biological cleaning area along endless track, fruits and vegetables purifying area is laid in endless track by form of straight lines Portion.
The present invention lays culture zone, ecological purification area by optimization, especially by simple utilization area, fruits and vegetables purifying area, life Object purifying area and profundal zone composition ecotope can realize that aquatic is grown in water containing high dissolved oxygen stream, guarantee that the cultivation of aquatic products survives Rate realizes zero discharge into water using ecological purification area in the breeding process, reduces pollution, and runway form cloth in the middle part of runway is arranged If the excreta of cultured fishes and remaining bait are effectively used for fruits and vegetables plantation to prevent dirt collection unit excreta by fruits and vegetables purifying area Accumulation improves the utilization of resources and is flowed by racetrack flowing water body in fruits and vegetables surrounding to adjust the COD in breeding water body, ammonia The realization such as nitrogen regulates and controls the micropopulation in breeding water body in runway, inhibits the breeding of harmful bacteria in breeding water body, utilizes Control zone carries out science, intelligent control to culture zone, ecological purification area, solves the problems, such as breeding water body eutrophication, daily pipe Reason is convenient.
Further, culture zone is made of spaced cultivation flume, which includes pushing away water unit, cultivation list Member and dirt collection unit establish circulation flowing water aquaculture model and realize that cultured fishes are grown in water containing high dissolved oxygen stream, excreta and remnants Bait centralized processing utilizes, and carries out green ecological cultivation.
Further, it cultivates unit and pushes away water unit, dirt collection unit separated place is equipped with barrier net, breeding trough at cultivation unit Slot bottom is in oblique setting, and slot bottom kind planting submerged plant cultivates unit and pushes away the barrier net between water unit and push away water unit It pushes away and is connected with connecting rope between water dispenser.By by fish culture cultivation unit and cultivation unit slot bottom kind planting submerged plant can It improves the dissolved oxygen amount in cultivation unit and utilizes the further purifying aquaculture unit water quality of submerged plant, carry out pushing away water pushing away water unit Submerged plant cooperation tilt angle regulates and controls maximum cruise by barrier net that connecting rope control in the process, and cultivation fish is avoided to move Increase swimming rate and body temperature with the glycogen stored in its white muscle, and then reduce the increase of feed coefficient, reduces aquaculture cost, By breeding trough slot bottom be set as it is oblique first can gradient adjust water velocity in cultivation unit and second can promote fish excreta and residual Remaining bait flows into dirt collection unit as early as possible.
Further, dirt collection unit includes the sump of V-shaped, and the sump and cultivation unit separate end and set barrier net, The sump other end sets garbage barrier net, sets dirt sucking tube in sump, which is connected with soil pick-up pump, effectively collects cultured fishes Excreta and remaining feed and be delivered to fruits and vegetables purifying area carry out resource reutilization, reduce breeding pollution, improve cultivation effect Benefit.
Further, fruits and vegetables purifying area is laid in the middle part of endless track in horizontal linear, and fruits and vegetables purifying area includes being set to support Grow the fruit and vegetable greenhouses of the three-dimensional green house of vegetables and the straight line other end near area.The fruit tree and vegetables for selecting different cultivars are to cultivation fish The excreta of class and remaining feed are recycled, and the micropopulation in Effective Regulation breeding water body.
Further, it is connected between three-dimensional green house of vegetables and fruit and vegetable greenhouses by ecology canal, it is heavy to set in three-dimensional green house of vegetables Shallow lake pond, the sedimentation basin are connect by dirt collection pipe with dirt collection unit.To avoid three-dimensional green house of vegetables and fruit and vegetable greenhouses in planting process Middle contention nutrient and benefit is separately laid by three-dimensional green house of vegetables and fruit and vegetable greenhouses to the micropopulation regulating effect in breeding water body It is connected with ecological canal, and the dirt that fruits and vegetables purifying area generates is precipitated by sedimentation basin and is emitted into dirt collection unit, substantially reduces cultivation Pollution.
Further, simple utilization area includes water chestnut area, lotus area, reed area and man-made island.Using plant to flow through collection Precipitating, absorption, the transformation of dirty unit can be removed a large amount of fish little particle excrement and residual bait, simultaneously for cultivation Ammonia nitrogen discharged in fish body growth course, nitrite, sulfide metabolic wastes can also convert absorption, become plant growth N, P fertilizer raw material.
Further, culture zone side is equipped with spare sedimentation basin and Shang Yuqu.Spare sedimentation basin is set in case in dirt collection list Use when member is not available or dirt collection efficiency reduces guarantees that dirt collection effect, the design in the area Er Shangyu are convenient for carrying out when fish catching Catching work.
Further, in ecological purification area further include waterwheel for guiding water flow.For guiding breeding water body in a ring Runway recognition is realized in flowing, and water flow is promoted to flow through junior's purification unit in each ecological purification area.
Further, feeding fish and zoobenthos are considered for cultivating by biological cleaning area, such as: it is silver carp, crucian, anodontia Freshwater mussel, spiral shell etc., by algae be enriched with N, P nutritive salt be gradually transformed into filter-feeding fish body, thus reduce the N in water body, P content, organic debris and planktonic organism in addition, filter-feeding fish can also ingest in water body, filter food activity can significantly reduce The organic granular content that cultured fishes generate.
The second purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology cultural methods, it can be achieved that water resource It recycles, reduces feed coefficient, the aquaculture object speed of growth is fast, yield is high, Yi Shixian scale.
A kind of technical solution that the present invention is taken to achieve the above object are as follows: novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology cultivation Method, comprising the following steps:
1) pond prepares: laying culture zone and ecological purification area cloth by endless track form in selected pond, makes water flow in a ring Racetrack flowing, lays fruits and vegetables purifying area by form of straight lines in the middle part of endless track;
2) it cleans up the pond: dredging being carried out to bottom of pond, then dirt is excluded with washing, then bottom of pond be exposed to the sun 5-10 days, then with life The thorough cleaning/disinfecting of lime, disinfection are intake after 5-6 days;
3) it plants/puts in a suitable place to breed: putting aquaculture object in a suitable place to breed in culture zone, planting aquatic plants and put worry in a suitable place to breed in ecological purification area Feeding fish and zoobenthos, raise fruit trees and vegetables in fruits and vegetables purifying area;
4) water quality management: control water quality transparency is 30-40cm, and pH value 6.5-8.5, dissolved oxygen is greater than 5g/L.
Ecological cultivation method of the invention constructs pond inner recirculation flow water aquaculture model, and Yi Shixian scale will be ecological It is in runway form that purifying area and culture zone, which are laid, realizes that aquatic is grown in water containing high dissolved oxygen stream, guarantee the cultivation of aquatic products at Motility rate realizes zero discharge into water, reduces pollution, and fruits and vegetables purifying area is laid in the middle part of runway effectively by the excreta of cultured fishes It plants with remaining bait for fruits and vegetables to prevent the accumulation of dirt collection unit excreta, improves the utilization of resources and pass through racetrack flowing water Body flows to adjust the COD in breeding water body, ammonia nitrogen etc. and realize to the micropopulation in breeding water body in runway in fruits and vegetables surrounding Regulated and controled, inhibits the breeding of harmful bacteria in breeding water body.
Further, in the preparation process of pond further include: lay management house and Office Area, pond four near culture zone Wall forms certain slope to bottom of pond, and slope ratio 1:2-2.5, pool wall is paved with film, by the setting pool wall gradient in order to expanding pond Interior water capacity constitutes control zone for monitoring cultivation water by setting management house and Office Area.
Further, ecological purification area includes simple utilization area, fruits and vegetables purifying area, biological cleaning area and profundal zone, fruits and vegetables Purifying area includes the fruit and vegetable greenhouses of the three-dimensional green house of vegetables and the straight line other end near culture zone, and culture zone is arranged by interval Cultivation flume composition, which includes pushing away water unit, cultivation unit and dirt collection unit.For realizing aquatic in height It is grown in dissolved oxygen water flow, guarantees the cultivation survival rate of aquatic products, realize zero discharge into water using ecological purification area in the breeding process, Reduce pollution.
Further, simple utilization area includes water chestnut area, lotus area, reed area and man-made island.Using plant to flow through collection Precipitating, absorption, the transformation of dirty unit can be removed a large amount of fish little particle excrement and residual bait.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the benefit that
(1) greatly improve survival rate, live in aquaculture object for a long time in high dissolved oxygen flowing water, survival rate can reach 95% with On;
(2) it realizes zero discharge into water, reduces pollution;
(3) multiple flowing water ponds can carry out multi items cultivation, the risk for avoiding single variety from cultivating;It is also possible to carry out same The cultivation of one specification wide in variety uniformly lists, accelerates the turnover of fund;
(4) it realizes to regulate and control breeding water body water quality, water velocity, micropopulation etc.;
(5) excreta and remaining feed for effectively collecting cultured fishes, fundamentally solve aquaculture system eutrophy Change and pollution problem;
(6) realize that exterior components aquaculture management, complete monitoring reduce the use of disease generation and drug, improve aquatic products Safety;Meanwhile also improving the quality of the flesh of fish.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic diagram of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology Animal Raising Zone of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the breeding trough schematic diagram of culture zone of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is dirt collection cellular construction schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 4 is another technical solution schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Description of symbols: 11. garbage barrier nets;12. dirt collection unit;13. barrier net;14. cultivating unit;15. submerged plant; 16. connecting rope;17. pushing away water unit;18. dirt sucking tube;19. soil pick-up pumps;21. apopore;22. partition;23. water hole;24. water inlet Hole.
Specific embodiment
Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, it should be understood that preferred reality described herein Apply example only for the purpose of illustrating and explaining the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1-3, a kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology Animal Raising Zone, comprising:
Culture zone: it is used for aquatic;
Ecological purification area: being used for purifying aquaculture water, which includes that simple utilization area, fruits and vegetables purifying area, biology are net Change area and profundal zone, and
Control zone: for monitoring culture water quality of tank system, which includes Office Area and the management house that is set near culture zone;
Culture zone and ecological purification area cloth are set as making the water flow layout that racetrack flows in a ring, the primary benefit in ecological purification area It is successively laid with area, profundal zone, biological cleaning area along endless track, fruits and vegetables purifying area is laid in endless track by form of straight lines Portion.
The present invention lays culture zone, ecological purification area by optimization, especially by simple utilization area, fruits and vegetables purifying area, life Object purifying area and profundal zone composition ecotope can realize that aquatic is grown in water containing high dissolved oxygen stream, guarantee that the cultivation of aquatic products survives Rate realizes zero discharge into water using ecological purification area in the breeding process, reduces pollution, and runway form cloth in the middle part of runway is arranged If the excreta of cultured fishes and remaining bait are effectively used for fruits and vegetables plantation to prevent dirt collection unit excreta by fruits and vegetables purifying area Accumulation improves the utilization of resources and is flowed by racetrack flowing water body in fruits and vegetables surrounding to adjust the COD in breeding water body, ammonia The realization such as nitrogen regulates and controls the micropopulation in breeding water body in runway, inhibits the breeding of harmful bacteria in breeding water body, utilizes Control zone carries out science, intelligent control to culture zone, ecological purification area, solves the problems, such as breeding water body eutrophication, daily pipe Reason is convenient.
Culture zone is made of spaced cultivation flume, which includes pushing away water unit 17, cultivation 14 and of unit Dirt collection unit 12 establishes circulation flowing water aquaculture model and realizes that cultured fishes are grown in water containing high dissolved oxygen stream, excreta and remaining bait Material centralized processing utilizes, and carries out green ecological cultivation.
It cultivates unit 14 and pushes away water unit 17,12 separated place of dirt collection unit is equipped with barrier net 13, breeding trough at cultivation unit Slot bottom is in oblique setting, and slot bottom kind planting submerged plant 15, cultivates unit 14 and pushes away barrier net 13 between water unit 17 and push away Pushing away for water unit 17 is connected with connecting rope 16 between water dispenser.By by fish culture cultivation unit 14 and cultivation unit 14 slot Bottom kind planting submerged plant 15 can be improved the dissolved oxygen amount in cultivation unit 14 and utilize the further purifying aquaculture unit 14 of submerged plant Water quality, the barrier net 13 that submerged plant 15 cooperates tilt angle to be controlled by connecting rope 16 during pushing away water unit 17 and carrying out pushing away water Regulate and control maximum cruise, cultivation fish is avoided to employ the glycogen that stores in its white muscle to increase swimming rate and body temperature, in turn Reduce feed coefficient increase, reduce aquaculture cost, by breeding trough slot bottom be set as it is oblique first can gradient adjust cultivation unit 14 Second interior water velocity can promote fish excreta and remaining bait to flow into dirt collection unit 12 as early as possible.
Dirt collection unit includes the sump of V-shaped, and the sump and cultivation unit separate end and set barrier net 13, and sump is another One end sets garbage barrier net, and dirt sucking tube 18 is set in sump, which is connected with soil pick-up pump 19, effectively collects cultured fishes Excreta and remaining feed are simultaneously delivered to fruits and vegetables purifying area progress resource reutilization, reduce breeding pollution, improve culture efficiency.
Fruits and vegetables purifying area is laid in the middle part of endless track in horizontal linear, and fruits and vegetables purifying area includes being set near culture zone The fruit and vegetable greenhouses of three-dimensional green house of vegetables and the straight line other end.Excreta of the fruit tree and vegetables of selection different cultivars to cultured fishes It is recycled with remaining feed, and the micropopulation in Effective Regulation breeding water body.
It is connected between three-dimensional green house of vegetables and fruit and vegetable greenhouses by ecology canal, sets sedimentation basin in three-dimensional green house of vegetables, this is heavy Shallow lake pond is connect by dirt collection pipe with dirt collection unit.To avoid three-dimensional green house of vegetables and fruit and vegetable greenhouses from fighting for nutrient in planting process And three-dimensional green house of vegetables and fruit and vegetable greenhouses are separately laid by the micropopulation regulating effect in breeding water body and connected using ecological canal It connects, and the dirt that fruits and vegetables purifying area generates is precipitated by sedimentation basin and is emitted into dirt collection unit, substantially reduces breeding pollution.
Simple utilization area includes water chestnut area, lotus area, reed area and man-made island.It is sunk using plant to dirt collection unit is flowed through Shallow lake, absorption, transformation can be removed a large amount of fish little particle excrement and residual bait, be grown simultaneously for cultivation fish body Ammonia nitrogen discharged in journey, nitrite, sulfide metabolic wastes can also convert absorption, become N, P fertilizer of plant growth Raw material.
Culture zone side is equipped with spare sedimentation basin and Shang Yuqu.Spare sedimentation basin is set in case not being available in dirt collection unit Or used when the reduction of dirt collection efficiency, guarantee that dirt collection effect, the design in the area Er Shangyu are convenient for carrying out catching work when fish catching.
It further include the waterwheel for guiding water flow in ecological purification area.For guiding breeding water body to flow in a ring, realize Runway recognition promotes water flow to flow through junior's purification unit in each ecological purification area.
Feeding fish and zoobenthos are considered for cultivating by biological cleaning area, such as: silver carp, crucian, anodon, spiral shell etc., N, P nutritive salt that algae is enriched with gradually are transformed into filter-feeding fish body, to reduce N, P content in water body, separately Outside, filter-feeding fish can also ingest organic debris and planktonic organism in water body, and filter food activity can significantly reduce cultured fishes The organic granular content of generation.
Barrier net 13 of the invention is used and is prepared following preparation method: first by acrylic acid epoxy resin, the poly- second of chlorosulfonation Alkene, triethylsilane alcohol, cuprous oxide example by weight percentage are placed to be mixed in container, and gradually by temperature in container Be heated to 95 DEG C, obtain mixture, after object to be mixed is cooling by rosin, Iodotrimethylsilane, methyl ethyl ketone, dimethicone, Nano active carbon feedstock is once added in mixture according to parts by weight, and is mixed when being added, and mixing speed is 600-800r/min, time 0.5h, finally the raw material after stirring is put into extruder squeezed out, drawing-off, sizing, spinning System is to get the barrier net 13.The present invention by fishing net preparation process first by olefin(e) acid epoxy resin, the poly- second of chlorosulfonation Alkene, triethylsilane alcohol, cuprous oxide mixing pretreatment are so that polyester macromolecule chain shortens, to enhance the disconnected of resulting epoxy glue Elongation is split, and disperses polymer macromolecule by the way that Iodotrimethylsilane is added in epoxy glue in subsequent preparation process Uniformly to improve the impact strength and toughness of fishing net, the fishing net being finally prepared has the characteristics that high-intensitive, high tenacity, net Thread breakage intensity is high, and elongation at break is 60% ~ 70%.
Fishing net prepares materials and parts by weight are as follows: 10-15 parts of acrylic acid epoxy resin, 20-25 parts of chlorosulfonated polyethylene, three 4-10 parts of ethylsilane alcohol, 6-14 parts of cuprous oxide, 3-8 parts of rosin, 5-12 parts of Iodotrimethylsilane, 3-8 parts of methyl ethyl ketone, diformazan 8-12 parts of base silicone oil, 12-14 parts of active carbon nanoparticles.
Embodiment 2:
The present invention provides another technical solution on the basis of embodiment 1, and the technical program is in a kind of novel pond of embodiment 1 Inner recirculation flow Ecology Animal Raising Zone technical solution increases following scheme: being separated in sedimentation basin by the partition 22 with water hole 23 At level-one settling zone and two-stage precipitation area, water hole 23 is set to 22 top of partition, and purifying water body is by being set to two-stage precipitation area Apopore 21 is discharged, and carries out purification concentration to the dirt that fruits and vegetables purifying area generates using multi stage precipitation and is emitted into dirt collection unit, Make purifying water body from eminence circulation also to the microorganism entered in settling zone using the height and position in water hole 23 in purification process Scope of activities, which is defined, makes it by the water body pressure influence that circulates near eminence water hole 23, and control microbial activities range is in heavy Shallow lake area lower part is realized and is decomposed, purified to precipitating dirt, realizes low-carbon high-efficiency, energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Real-time example 3:
A kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology cultural method, comprising the following steps:
1) pond prepares: laying culture zone and ecological purification area cloth by endless track form in selected pond, makes water flow in a ring Racetrack flowing, lays fruits and vegetables purifying area by form of straight lines in the middle part of endless track, and management house is laid near culture zone and is done Public area, four wall of pond form certain slope, slope ratio 1:2-2.5 to bottom of pond, and pool wall is paved with film;Ecological purification area includes primary benefit With area, fruits and vegetables purifying area, biological cleaning area and profundal zone, simple utilization area includes water chestnut area, lotus area, reed area and artificial Island, fruits and vegetables purifying area include the fruit and vegetable greenhouses of the three-dimensional green house of vegetables and the straight line other end near the culture zone, culture zone by Spaced cultivation flume composition, the cultivation flume include pushing away water unit, cultivation unit and dirt collection unit.
2) it cleans up the pond: dredging being carried out to bottom of pond, then dirt is excluded with washing, then bottom of pond be exposed to the sun 5-10 days, then With the thorough cleaning/disinfecting of quick lime, disinfection is intake after 5-6 days;
3) it plants/puts in a suitable place to breed: putting aquaculture object in a suitable place to breed in culture zone, planting aquatic plants and put worry in a suitable place to breed in ecological purification area Feeding fish and zoobenthos, raise fruit trees and vegetables in fruits and vegetables purifying area;
4) water quality management: control water quality transparency is 30-40cm, and pH value 6.5-8.5, dissolved oxygen is greater than 5g/L.
Embodiment 4:
When a kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology Animal Raising Zone of the invention is come into operation: on the basis of embodiment 3, if Determine to push away water flow velocity in culture zone to be 0.2m/min, fish culture is carried out in cultivation unit 14, the excreta and residual bait that fish generates It is collected Deng by dirt collection unit 12, flows through water chestnut area, lotus area, reed area, man-made island and profundal zone after water body outflow dirt collection unit, Biological cleaning area is passed through, breeding water body flows in racetrack around fruits and vegetables purifying area, finally flows back into and push away water unit 17, work as cultivation Water body flows back into when pushing away water unit 17, and water quality is substantially close to source water, and fully meet breeding water requirement: pH is 6.5 ~ 8.5, NH3- N content is lower than 0.03 mg/L, NO2N content is lower than 0.02 mg/L, and dissolved oxygen is greater than 5 mg/L.
Culture experiment:
Plant corresponding water chestnut, lotus root, reed in simple utilization area, fruits and vegetables purifying area plant corresponding cucumber, tomato, strawberry, Watermelon, biological cleaning accordingly cultivate silver carp, crucian, anodon, spiral shell;
Aquaculture object is disinfected before putting in a suitable place to breed in pond, and is just put in a suitable place to breed after lack of toxicity, in culture zone Selection grass carp is cultivated, and every breeding trough designs 7500 kilograms~15000 kilograms of yield, puts mantissa's 2500-3000 tail in a suitable place to breed, often Tail 100-200g/ tail, putting the time in a suitable place to breed is 3-4 months, when putting in a suitable place to breed first by fingerling through 2%~3% saline solution of concentration impregnate 5min~ 10min, then adjoined water surface is put into fish slot.
It can carry out taming and dociling food after fingerling stocking 1d~2d.First water end (W.E.) is closely pushed away in fish slot feed on a small quantity, 4 times a day~5 time, Speed is fed in control, is not drifted out fish slot with feed as degree, fly rod obstruction feed can also be set by the water surface in the middle part of fish slot, to major part After fish can go up food, using " four is fixed " principle.It is respectively thrown when April~May, generally daily 6:00, when 12:00, when 18:00 It feeds once, day feeding rate is deposit pool amount 1.5%~2.0%;When daily 6:00, one is respectively fed when 18:00 June~September Secondary, day feeding rate is deposit pool amount 2.5%~3.0%;October~December, respectively fed when daily 10:00, when 15:00 it is primary, Day feeding rate is deposit pool amount 0.5%~1.5%.Specific feeding amount and the visual fish body size of number, water temperature, weather, fish body are eaten The adjustment in due course such as food and activity condition.
Check and accept: the grass carp in culture zone carries out catching after 3 months, from 100 ~ 200g/ tail length when putting in a suitable place to breed to 1860 ± 37g/ item, in same culturing time, this increases 15% ~ 27% compared to the grass carp weight commonly cultivated.
It is employed in the present invention to push away the hundred river gas stripping types increasing that water dispenser is the production of hundred river oxygen increasing equipment Co., Ltd, Jiangyin City Oxygen pushes away water dispenser, but is not limited only to push away water dispenser using this kind, and as vegetables greenhouse cultivation etc., prior arts those skilled in the art are answered Know, in this not go into detail.
Embodiments of the present invention are not limited to example, and there are also the functions replacing structures such as very much, as long as using skill of the invention All technical solutions of art thinking belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology Animal Raising Zone, comprising:
Culture zone: it is used for aquatic;
Ecological purification area: being used for purifying aquaculture water, which includes that simple utilization area, fruits and vegetables purifying area, biology are net Change area and profundal zone, and
Control zone: for monitoring culture water quality of tank system, which includes Office Area and the management house that is set near culture zone;
The novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology Animal Raising Zone is characterized in that: culture zone is set as making with ecological purification area cloth The layout of water flow racetrack flowing in a ring, simple utilization area, profundal zone, biological cleaning area in ecological purification area are run along annular Road is successively laid, and fruits and vegetables purifying area is laid in the middle part of endless track by form of straight lines.
2. a kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology Animal Raising Zone as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: culture zone by Spaced cultivation flume composition, the cultivation flume include pushing away water unit, cultivation unit and dirt collection unit.
3. a kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology Animal Raising Zone as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:
Preferably, it cultivates unit and pushes away water unit, dirt collection unit separated place equipped with barrier net, cultivating breeding trough slot bottom at unit is in Oblique setting, and slot bottom kind planting submerged plant, cultivate unit and push away barrier net between water unit and push away water dispenser with push away water unit Between be connected with connecting rope;
Preferably, dirt collection unit includes the sump of V-arrangement, and the sump and cultivation unit separate end and set barrier net, and sump is another One end sets garbage barrier net, sets dirt sucking tube in sump, which is connected with soil pick-up pump.
4. a kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology Animal Raising Zone as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: fruits and vegetables Purifying area is laid in the middle part of endless track in horizontal linear, and fruits and vegetables purifying area includes the three-dimensional green house of vegetables near culture zone With the fruit and vegetable greenhouses of the straight line other end.
5. a kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology Animal Raising Zone as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that: three-dimensional vegetables Be connected between greenhouse and fruit and vegetable greenhouses by ecology canal, sets sedimentation basin in three-dimensional green house of vegetables, the sedimentation basin by dirt collection pipe and The connection of dirt collection unit.
6. a kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology Animal Raising Zone as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Preferably, simple utilization area includes water chestnut area, lotus area, reed area and man-made island;
Preferably, culture zone side is equipped with spare sedimentation basin and Shang Yuqu;
Preferably, in ecological purification area further include waterwheel for guiding water flow;
Preferably, feeding fish and zoobenthos are considered for cultivating by biological cleaning area.
7. a kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology cultural method, it is characterised in that following steps:
1) pond prepares: laying culture zone and ecological purification area cloth by endless track form in selected pond, makes water flow in a ring Racetrack flowing, lays fruits and vegetables purifying area by form of straight lines in the middle part of endless track;
2) it cleans up the pond: dredging being carried out to bottom of pond, then dirt is excluded with washing, then bottom of pond be exposed to the sun 5-10 days, then with life The thorough cleaning/disinfecting of lime, disinfection are intake after 5-6 days;
3) it plants/puts in a suitable place to breed: putting aquaculture object in a suitable place to breed in culture zone, planting aquatic plants and put worry in a suitable place to breed in ecological purification area Feeding fish and zoobenthos, raise fruit trees and vegetables in fruits and vegetables purifying area;
4) water quality management: control water quality transparency is 30-40cm, and pH value 6.5-8.5, dissolved oxygen is greater than 5g/L.
8. a kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology cultural method according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: in pond In preparation process further include: lay management house and Office Area near culture zone, four wall of pond forms certain slope, slope to bottom of pond Than 1:2-2.5, pool wall is paved with film.
9. a kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology cultural method according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: ecology is net Changing area includes simple utilization area, fruits and vegetables purifying area, biological cleaning area and profundal zone, and fruits and vegetables purifying area includes being set near culture zone Three-dimensional green house of vegetables and the straight line other end fruit and vegetable greenhouses, culture zone is made of spaced cultivation flume, the cultivation water Slot includes pushing away water unit, cultivation unit and dirt collection unit.
10. a kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology cultural method according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: primary It include water chestnut area, lotus area, reed area and man-made island using area.
CN201811602407.6A 2018-12-26 2018-12-26 A kind of novel pond inner recirculation flow Ecology Animal Raising Zone Pending CN109792966A (en)

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