CN110036984A - A kind of method of low-coat scale raising bat moth - Google Patents

A kind of method of low-coat scale raising bat moth Download PDF

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CN110036984A
CN110036984A CN201910397882.2A CN201910397882A CN110036984A CN 110036984 A CN110036984 A CN 110036984A CN 201910397882 A CN201910397882 A CN 201910397882A CN 110036984 A CN110036984 A CN 110036984A
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matrix
mixed
bat moth
feed
low
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CN110036984B (en
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高益槐
王�忠
黄雪峰
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An Fa (fujian) Biological Technology Co Ltd
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An Fa (fujian) Biological Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New or modified breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates

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  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
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  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Mushroom Cultivation (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of methods of low-coat scale raising bat moth.The method of low-coat scale raising bat moth comprising following steps: acquiring wild bat moth adult, its mating is made to give birth to insemination ovum;Mixed-matrix is prepared, feed and insemination ovum are launched in the mixed-matrix in transparent vessel, the feeding in matrix of the larva of hatching is developed;When 80%~100% larvae development to 4 ages, it is transferred in the transparent vessel for launching feed and mixed-matrix and is raised using punching put-on method;When 80%~100% larvae development to 6 is more than age, it is transferred to low temperature in the transparent vessel for launching mixed-matrix and feed using punching put-on method and cultivates to it and pupate;Pupa, which is sprouted wings, obtains bat moth adult.It for worm sources and mixed-matrix is breeding dust that the present invention, which uses wild bat moth adult, reach Scale dependency by the method that indoor circulation is cultivated, it not only avoids largely excavating bat chrysalis and plateau fertile soil to destruction caused by grassland ecological environment, also reduces the costs such as manpower and the transport of feedstock capture.

Description

A kind of method of low-coat scale raising bat moth
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of methods for raising bat moth, and in particular to a kind of side of low-coat scale raising bat moth Method.
Background technique
Cordyceps sinensis is the rare Chinese medicine of China's specialty, and it is high and cold to be mainly distributed on Tibet, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan and Gansu etc. Meadow.The relationships such as the formation of cordyceps sinensis and height above sea level, vegetation, temperature and humidity, illumination, air pressure and rainwater all very closely, are grown Condition is very harsh, and due to the degeneration of plateau eco-environment and artificial excessively excavation, cordyceps yield is caused to decline to a great extent, Therefore carrying out cordyceps sinensis artificial culture becomes the important trend of cordyceps sinensis industry development.
Worm sources Scale dependency is the primary key point of cordyceps sinensis artificial culture and raising cordyceps yield, and bat moth Obligate host of the insect as cordyceps sinensis, indoors raising reduce raising by breeding from generation to generation to solve the problems, such as worm sources Cost becomes the committed step of Scale dependency bat moth insect.
Under natural conditions, bat moth larvae is lived in alpine meadow, to simulate its wild environment in breeding process, Often by excavating breeding dust of a large amount of producing region alpine meadow as bat moth larvae, meanwhile, in worm sources collection process The behavior of the generally existing wild bat chrysalis of excavation, on the one hand increases the cost of manpower and transport, on the other hand to the worm summer in winter The ecological environment in careless producing region causes huge destruction.Feed is mostly natural serpentgrass, fern fiber crops used in the process of larva raising Or the blocks root or tuber such as carrot, directly for larval feeding, single feed injected volume is big, infection, feed easily occur for feeding wound Root tuber is easily sprouted consumption etc., and cost is high.
Summary of the invention
(1) technical problems to be solved
Of the existing technology in order to solve the problems, such as, the present invention provides a kind of using different growth age difference culture items Part reduces feedstuff feeding amount, the method for reducing Scale dependency bat moth cost.
(2) technical solution
In order to achieve the above object, the main technical schemes that the present invention uses include:
The present invention provides a kind of method of low-coat scale raising bat moth comprising following steps:
The collection of S1 insemination ovum: wild bat moth adult is acquired, its mating is made to give birth to insemination ovum;
S2 insemination ovum hatching: prepare mixed-matrix, in mixed-matrix launch feed and insemination ovum and hatch obtain children Worm is raised in mixed-matrix until 80%~100% larvae development is to 4 ages;
The transfer of S3 larva is raised: 4 instar larvaes obtained by step S2 are transferred to the transparent appearance for launching feed and mixed-matrix It is raised in device, until 80%~100% larvae development is to 6 more than age;
S4 larva pupates: the 6 ages above larva obtained by step S3 is transferred to the transparent appearance for launching mixed-matrix and feed It is raised in device, until it is pupated;
The emergence of S5 pupa: pupa, which is sprouted wings, obtains bat moth adult.
Wherein, the feed of this programme meaning, refers to the tissue taken off in driven plant living body, water content, protein, Fat etc. does not generate chemical change.Wherein, wild bat moth adult preferred acquisition selects adult from Alpine meadow area, worm sources, Artificial a large amount of excavation pupas are avoided to damage grassland ecological environment.It abandons and provides a large amount of feeds to larva incessantly, then Foodstuff is reduced to larva in 6 mature larvae phase more than age and supplies and carry out low temperature cultivation, promotes mature larvae to pupate, avoids children There is phenomena such as repeatedly decortication and excessive growth, while also saving feed in worm a large amount of feeding feeds always.This programme method for breeding is adopted With interior from numerous, excessively asking for and being made to cordyceps sinensis place of production ecological environment to the bat moth worm sources of nature is avoided At destruction.Subsequent low temperature, which is cultivated to pupating, sprouts wings, and reduces rate of development, improves or keep the reproductive capacity of emerging adult.
Raise the preferred scheme of bat moth method in, further include step S6: by the bat moth sprouted wings in step S5 at Worm, which hands over to match, gives birth to insemination ovum, and the step after continuing step S1 is cultivated with recycling.Wherein, constantly circulation is cultivated to realize scale Change and cultivates.
It raises in the preferred scheme of bat moth method, the mixed-matrix, including following raw material: hayashishita soil and coco bran.
Wherein, hayashishita soil is the chesson under hayashishita humus layer 40cm.This programme is abandoned commonly used in the prior art The matrix of the similar bat moth larvae primitive environment such as fertile soil, peat soil, is formulated mixed-matrix using hayashishita soil and coco bran, Organic matter content is lower, is not susceptible to mycotic infection;Wherein, the content of organic matter is low in loose hayashishita soil, and particle is loose opposite Not easy to harden, gas permeability and drainage are preferable;Coco bran is relatively fluffy, and fibrous matter is more, and water-retaining property is good, and the two mixes jointly The advantages that gas permeability, drainage and water-retaining property can be merged, can play the role of moisturizing, ventilative and prevention waterlogging jointly.
It raises in the preferred scheme of bat moth method, hayashishita soil and coco bran are 8:1~3 by weight.
Wherein, selected hayashishita soil, coco bran are exposed to the sun, high-temperature sterilization, microwave sterilization or ultraviolet lamp sterilization etc. using the sun After Disinfection Methods, it is stirred into mixed-matrix, humid control is in 45~60%, pH to being adjusted between 5.5~6.5.
It raises in the preferred scheme of bat moth method, in step S2, the feed includes following components: fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion Bar seed;After the fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed mixing, launch in the depths 8~15cm at the middle and upper levels of mixed-matrix, the fern fiber crops block The weight ratio that root and combustion bar seed are launched is 3~5:1.
It raises in the preferred scheme of bat moth method, mixed-matrix described in step S2 cultivates 15 after launching feed~ 45d is used further to hatching insemination ovum.
Wherein, the temperature of hatching insemination ovum environment is 12~18 DEG C, relative humidity is 60~80%.Mixed base in step S2 0.5~3.0g feed is launched by every 4 insemination ovum in matter;
This programme is abandoned uses merely plant block root or tuber as larvae feeds in the prior art, is planted using a small amount of feed Species seedling, cultivation form huge root system, provide feed abundant for larva, meanwhile, fibrous root is more suitable for newly hatched larvae or low age Phase larval feeding is conducive to improve survival rate.
It raises in the preferred scheme of bat moth method, insemination ovum is launched in the depths 3~8cm of mixed-matrix.
It raises in the preferred scheme of bat moth method, above the feed that ovum is launched in mixed-matrix of inseminating in step S2, Mixed-matrix surface covers wet medium moisturizing.
Wherein, the put-on method of ovum of inseminating is that take bat moth ovum be worm sources, is made ovum card, about 7d before egg hatching is packed into 30 It is sterilized in alcohol in the nylon wire of~60 mesh after being sterilized 2~3 minutes in 20s or liquor natrii hypochloritis, is invested in mixed-matrix The depths 3~8cm at the middle and upper levels, ovum placement position launch combustion bar seed by every 0.10~0.25g of ovum, and the back-off of ovum card is on combustion bar seed Side, stromal surface cover wet medium moisturizing.Enough feeds are provided for newly hatched larvae, are conducive to improve survival rate;Using wet Moistening medium is the hatching that stromal surface moisturizing is conducive to ovum, improves hatching rate, while can also stop the external source of infection.
It raising in the preferred scheme of bat moth method, in step S3, the humid control of the mixed-matrix is 45~60%, After successively launching larva and feed, it is placed in 10~15 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity is raised in the environment of being 50~70%.In step S3 0.5~3.0g feed is launched by every larva in mixed-matrix.
Wherein, after larvae development to 4 age, the method launched using punching, feed is launched on mixed-matrix surface layer.Punching The probability that the mutual silkworm of larva kills can be effectively reduced in dispensing, and larva can also pierce in matrix faster, and reduction is air cured or connects Touch the probability of the extraneous source of infection.And feed is launched on matrix surface layer, is conveniently replaceable and is observed, and is avoided feed and is rotted in matrix Larva batch is caused to infect dead situation.
It raises in the preferred scheme of bat moth method, launches 0.5~1.0g by every larva in mixed-matrix in step S4 Feed cultivates mature larvae using low temperature, and the temperature of cultivation is 2~13 DEG C.
This programme larvae development to 6 it is more than age when, being transferred in the new container for launching mixed-matrix and feed makes it pupate, Container substrate temperature simulating natural environment ground temperature, to mature larvae prepupa pupate implementation Process low temperature cultivate, reduce rate of development, Range of temperature control at 2~13 DEG C, monthly gradually reduce cultivation temperature and increase again, month by month 8 DEG C of the amplitude of temperature change~ 11 DEG C, specifically month by month temperature methods adjusted be but be not limited only to 13 DEG C → 9 DEG C → 5 DEG C → 9 DEG C → 13 DEG C or 13 DEG C → 7 DEG C → 2 DEG C → 7 DEG C → 13 DEG C, for circulation until mature larvae is pupated, incubation time is 3~5 months.
It raises in the preferred scheme of bat moth method, the mixed-matrix is loaded in the above transparent vessel of capacity 30L, Ventilation is reinforced in the hole that several 1~3cm are made at container upper end edge, reduces the probability that matrix is gone mouldy.Meanwhile transparent vessel is just In visually observing content humidity, pollution condition and larva activity situation.
Raise the preferred scheme of bat moth method in, fire bar seed, for plant serpentgrass the seed with bulbil, band bulbil, Tender shoots can be expedited the emergence of faster and forms root system.
(3) beneficial effect
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1, the present invention uses wild bat moth adult as worm sources and prepares mixed-matrix as breeding dust, not only avoids people Work largely excavates wild bat chrysalis and plateau fertile soil to destruction caused by the ecological environment of cordyceps sinensis producing region, also reduces The manpower of excavation and the sky high cost of transport etc..
2, the present invention forms huge root system by launching forage plant seedling fostering in mixed-matrix, must be conducive to low age Phase larval feeding, while a large amount of feed has been saved, it avoids feed from largely launching and causes uneconomic phenomenon.
3, the present invention is transferred to the transparent vessel raising for launching matrix and feed when larvae development to 4 age, using punching The probability that the mutual silkworm of larva kills is effectively reduced in put-on method, and larva quickly pierces in matrix, reduces outside being air cured and contacting The probability of boundary's source of infection, while feed is launched on matrix surface layer, is conveniently replaceable and is observed, feed is avoided to rot to cause in matrix Larva batch infects dead.Mature larvae is transferred in the transparent vessel for launching matrix and feed and raises;Low temperature is cultivated to its change Pupa reduces rate of development, improves or keep the reproductive capacity of adult.
Specific embodiment
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, technical solution of the present invention will be carried out below Detailed description.Obviously, described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Base Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained all without making creative work Other embodiment belongs to the range that the present invention is protected.
Embodiment 1
The method of low-coat scale raising bat moth comprising following steps:
S1 insemination ovum collection: the wild bat moth of living body that cordyceps sinensis producing region acquires Alpine meadow area on a small quantity at Worm makes adult mate in sarong in the period at dusk at area that originates in, and collects insemination chalaza and goes back to laboratory, be placed in 8~10 DEG C, it is opposite Preservation under the environmental condition that humidity is 60~75%;
S2 mixed-matrix is prepared: interior is configured to mixed-matrix in the ratio of dry weight ratio 8:2 using hayashishita soil and coco bran, wet Control is spent 45%, is fitted into after mixing evenly spare in the transparent vessel of 30L;
S3 feed is launched and cultivated: feed is launched according to every 4 inseminations ovum 1g feed ratio, and feed includes that weight part ratio is For the fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed of 4:1, in mixed-matrix, mixed fodder is launched in the depths 8cm at the middle and upper levels, in 16 DEG C and moisture, illumination 30d is cultivated under conditions of abundance, and fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed is made to germinate and form huge root system;
S4 takes ovum and hatches: taking bat moth ovum, ovum card is made, about 7d before hatching is fitted into the nylon wire of 30~60 mesh It sterilizes in alcohol and is sterilized 2 minutes in 20s or liquor natrii hypochloritis, be placed in the depths mixed-matrix 3cm, and in placement position by every Grain 0.2g addition combustion bar seed, for the back-off of ovum card above combustion bar seed, stromal surface covers wet medium moisturizing, and temperature disposed within is 18 DEG C, relative humidity be 65% in the environment of hatch;
The transfer of S5 larva is raised: periodically sampling observation is transferred to dispensing when finding for 80%~100% larvae development to 4 age Continue to raise in the transparent vessel of feed and mixed-matrix, the humidity of mixed-matrix is maintained at 50%;The side launched using punching 1 larva is launched in method, every hole, feed is launched on matrix surface layer, feed includes the frequent species such as carrot, by every larva 1g The amount of feed is launched, and is placed in 13 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity is raised in the environment of being 50%;
S6 larva pupates: when finding 80%~100% larvae development at 6 ages and the above mature larvae, using beating The method that hole is launched is transferred in the transparent vessel for launching feed and matrix and raises, culturing room's temperature simulation natural environment ground temperature, Feed includes the frequent species such as carrot, is also possible to fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed.When cultivation temperature is down to 13 DEG C, monthly by Step reduces cultivation temperature and increases again, and 8 DEG C of the amplitude of temperature change, specifically temperature is adjusted to 13 DEG C → 9 DEG C → 5 DEG C → 9 month by month DEG C → 13 DEG C, until mature larvae is pupated, incubation time is 3~5 months.
S7 sprouts wings: as temperature is stepped up, pupa, which is sprouted wings, obtains bat moth adult, manually accurately captures female male imago and puts Enter mating in sarong and obtain insemination ovum, repeats step S1 and carry out circulation cultivation.
Embodiment 2
The method of low-coat scale raising bat moth comprising following steps:
S1 insemination ovum collection: the wild bat moth of living body that cordyceps sinensis producing region acquires Alpine meadow area on a small quantity at Worm makes adult mate in sarong in the period at dusk at area that originates in, and collects insemination chalaza and goes back to laboratory, be placed in 8~10 DEG C, it is opposite Preservation under the environmental condition that humidity is 60~75%;
S2 mixed-matrix is prepared: interior is configured to mixed-matrix in the ratio of dry weight ratio 8:1 using hayashishita soil and coco bran, wet Degree control is fitted into spare in the transparent vessel of 30L after mixing evenly 45%;
S3 feed is launched and cultivated: feed is launched according to every 4 inseminations ovum 0.5g feed ratio, and feed includes weight part ratio For the fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed for 3:1, launch in the mixed-matrix depths 12cm at the middle and upper levels, it is sufficient in 16 DEG C and moisture, illumination Under conditions of cultivate 45d, make fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed germinate and form huge root system;
S4 takes ovum and hatches: taking bat moth ovum, ovum card is made, about 7d before hatching is fitted into the nylon wire of 30~60 mesh It sterilizes in alcohol and is sterilized 2 minutes in 20s or liquor natrii hypochloritis, is placed at mixed-matrix 8cm, press every ovum in placement position 0.10g addition combustion bar seed, for the back-off of ovum card above combustion bar seed, stromal surface covers wet medium moisturizing, and temperature disposed within is 12 DEG C, relative humidity be 60% in the environment of hatch;
The transfer of S5 larva is raised: periodically sampling observation is transferred to throwing when finding for 80%~100% larvae development to 4 age It puts in the transparent vessel of feed and mixed-matrix and raises, the humidity of mixed-matrix is maintained at 45%;The method launched using punching, 1 larva is launched in every hole, feed is launched in the matrix surface layer depths 3cm, feed includes the frequent species such as carrot, is also possible to Fern fiber crops root tuber or combustion bar seed;It is launched by the amount that every larva launches 0.5g feed, is placed in 10 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity is 50% It is raised under environment;
S6 larva pupates: when the larvae development for finding 80%~100% grows into 6 ages above mature larvae, using The method that punching is launched is transferred in the transparent vessel for launching feed and mixed-matrix and raises, and feed includes the Common Species such as carrot Class is also possible to fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed.Culturing room's temperature simulation natural environment ground temperature, monthly gradually reduces cultivation temperature again It increases, month by month 9 DEG C of the amplitude of temperature change, specifically temperature adjusted is 13 DEG C → 9 DEG C → 4 DEG C → 9 DEG C → 13 DEG C month by month, Until mature larvae is pupated, incubation time is 3~5 months.
S7 sprouts wings: as temperature is stepped up, pupa, which is sprouted wings, obtains bat moth adult, manually accurately captures female male imago and puts Enter mating in sarong and obtain insemination ovum, repeats step S1 and carry out circulation cultivation.
Embodiment 3
The method of low-coat scale raising bat moth comprising following steps:
S1 insemination ovum collection: the wild bat moth of living body that cordyceps sinensis producing region acquires Alpine meadow area on a small quantity at Worm makes adult mate in sarong in the period at dusk at area that originates in, and collects insemination chalaza and goes back to laboratory, be placed in 8~10 DEG C, it is opposite Preservation under the environmental condition that humidity is 60~75%;
S2 mixed-matrix is prepared: interior is configured to mixed-matrix in the ratio of dry weight ratio 8:3 using hayashishita soil and coco bran, wet Control is spent 60%, is fitted into after mixing evenly spare in the transparent vessel of 40L;
S3 feed is launched and cultivated: larvae feeds are launched according to every 4 inseminations ovum 3g feed ratio, and feed includes parts by weight Than launching in the mixed-matrix depths 10cm at the middle and upper levels, being filled in 20 DEG C and moisture, illumination for the fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed for 5:1 25d is cultivated under conditions of foot, and fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed is made to germinate and form huge root system;
S4 takes ovum and hatches: taking bat moth ovum, ovum card is made, about 7d before hatching is fitted into the nylon wire of 30~60 mesh It sterilizes in alcohol and is sterilized 3 minutes in 20s or liquor natrii hypochloritis, is placed at mixed-matrix 6cm, and press every in placement position Ovum 0.25g addition combustion bar seed, for the back-off of ovum card above combustion bar seed, stromal surface covers wet medium moisturizing, temperature disposed within Hatch in the environment of being 80% for 18 DEG C, relative humidity;
The transfer of S5 larva is raised: periodically sampling observation is transferred to throwing when finding for 80%~100% larvae development to 4 age It puts in the transparent vessel of feed and mixed-matrix and raises, the humidity of mixed-matrix is maintained at 55%;The method launched using punching, 1 larva is launched in every hole, feed is launched in the matrix surface layer depths 6cm, feed includes the frequent species such as carrot, is awarded by every The amount that smart ovum launches 3g feed is launched, and is placed in 15 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity is raised in the environment of being 70%;
S6 larva pupates: when the larvae development for finding 80%~100% mature larvae above at 6 ages, using punching The method of dispensing is transferred in the transparent vessel for launching feed and mixed-matrix and raises, and feed includes the frequent species such as carrot, It is also possible to fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed.Culturing room's temperature simulation natural environment ground temperature, monthly gradually reduces cultivation temperature and rises again Height, 8 DEG C of the amplitude of temperature change month by month, specifically temperature methods adjusted are 13 DEG C → 9 DEG C → 5 DEG C → 9 DEG C → 13 month by month DEG C, until mature larvae is pupated, incubation time is 3~5 months.
S7 sprouts wings: as temperature is stepped up, pupa, which is sprouted wings, obtains bat moth adult, manually accurately captures female male imago and puts Enter mating in sarong and obtain insemination ovum, repeats step S1 and carry out circulation cultivation.
Embodiment 4
The method of low-coat scale raising bat moth comprising following steps:
S1 insemination ovum collection: the wild bat moth of living body that cordyceps sinensis producing region acquires Alpine meadow area on a small quantity at Worm makes adult mate in sarong in the period at dusk at area that originates in, and collects insemination chalaza and goes back to laboratory, be placed in 8~10 DEG C, it is opposite Preservation under the environmental condition that humidity is 60~75%;
S2 mixed-matrix is prepared: interior is configured to mixed-matrix in the ratio of dry weight ratio 8:3 using hayashishita soil and coco bran, wet Control is spent 50%, is fitted into after mixing evenly spare in the transparent vessel of 30L;
S3 feed is launched and cultivated: larvae feeds are launched according to every 4 inseminations ovum 3g feed ratio, and feed includes parts by weight Than launching in the mixed-matrix depths 15cm at the middle and upper levels, being filled in 17 DEG C and moisture, illumination for the fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed for 4:1 45d is cultivated under conditions of foot, and fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed is made to germinate and form huge root system;
S4 takes ovum and hatches: taking bat moth ovum, ovum card is made, about 7d before hatching is fitted into the nylon wire of 30~60 mesh It sterilizes in alcohol and is sterilized 3 minutes in 20s or liquor natrii hypochloritis, is placed at mixed-matrix 5cm, placement position is needed by every Ovum 0.18g launches addition combustion bar seed, and for the back-off of ovum card above combustion bar seed, stromal surface covers wet medium moisturizing, disposed within Temperature is 15 DEG C, relative humidity is hatched in the environment of being 70%;
The transfer of S5 larva is raised: periodically sampling observation is transferred to throwing when finding for 80%~100% larvae development to 4 age It puts in the transparent vessel of feed and mixed-matrix and raises, the humidity of mixed-matrix is maintained at 55%;The method launched using punching, 1 larva is launched in every hole, and feed is launched in surface layer 2cm, and feed includes the frequent species such as carrot, launches by every larva The amount of 0.5g feed is launched, and is placed in 15 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity is raised in the environment of being 60%;
S6 larva pupates: when the larvae development for finding 80%~100% mature larvae above at 6 ages, using punching The method of dispensing is transferred in the transparent vessel for launching feed and mixed-matrix and raises, and feed includes the frequent species such as carrot, It is also possible to fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed.Culturing room's temperature simulation natural environment ground temperature, monthly gradually reduces cultivation temperature and rises again Height, 10 DEG C of the amplitude of temperature change month by month, specifically temperature adjusted is 13 DEG C → 8 DEG C → 3 DEG C → 8 DEG C → 13 DEG C month by month, Until mature larvae is pupated, incubation time is 3~5 months.
S7 sprouts wings: as temperature is stepped up, pupa, which is sprouted wings, obtains bat moth adult, manually accurately captures female male imago and puts Enter mating in sarong and obtain insemination ovum, repeats step S1 and carry out circulation cultivation.
Embodiment 5
The method of low-coat scale raising bat moth comprising following steps:
S1 insemination ovum collection: the wild bat moth of living body that cordyceps sinensis producing region acquires Alpine meadow area on a small quantity at Worm makes adult mate in sarong in the period at dusk at area that originates in, and collects insemination chalaza and goes back to laboratory, be placed in 8~10 DEG C, it is opposite Preservation under the environmental condition that humidity is 60~75%;
S2 mixed-matrix is prepared: interior is configured to mixed-matrix in the ratio of dry weight ratio 8:1 using hayashishita soil and coco bran, wet Control is spent 60%, is fitted into after mixing evenly spare in the transparent vessel of 35L;
S3 feed is launched and cultivated: larvae feeds are launched according to every 4 inseminations ovum 1g feed ratio, and feed includes parts by weight It is sufficient in 19 DEG C and moisture, illumination than for the fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed for 5:1, launching in the mixed-matrix depths 8cm at the middle and upper levels Under conditions of cultivate 30d, make fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed germinate and form huge root system;
S4 takes ovum and hatches: taking bat moth ovum, ovum card is made, about 7d before hatching is fitted into the nylon wire of 30~60 mesh It sterilizes in alcohol and is sterilized 3 minutes in 20s or liquor natrii hypochloritis, is placed at mixed-matrix 7cm, placement position is needed by every Ovum 0.25g launches addition combustion bar seed, and for the back-off of ovum card above combustion bar seed, stromal surface covers wet medium moisturizing, disposed within Temperature is 13 DEG C, relative humidity is hatched in the environment of being 80%;
The transfer of S5 larva is raised: periodically sampling observation is transferred to throwing when finding for 80%~100% larvae development to 4 age It puts in the transparent vessel of feed and mixed-matrix and raises, the humidity of mixed-matrix is maintained at 46%;The method launched using punching, 1 larva is launched in every hole, and feed is launched in surface layer 6cm, and feed includes the frequent species such as carrot, launches 2g by every larva The amount of feed is launched, and is placed in 11 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity is raised in the environment of being 68%;
S6 larva pupates: when the larvae development for finding 80%~100% grows into 6 ages above mature larvae, using The method that punching is launched is transferred in the transparent vessel for launching feed and mixed-matrix and raises, and feed includes the Common Species such as carrot Class is also possible to fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed.Culturing room's temperature simulation natural environment ground temperature, monthly gradually reduces cultivation temperature again Increase, 8 DEG C of the amplitude of temperature change month by month, specifically month by month temperature methods adjusted be 13 DEG C → 9 DEG C → 5 DEG C → 9 DEG C → 13 DEG C, until mature larvae is pupated, incubation time is 3~5 months.
S7 sprouts wings: as temperature is stepped up, pupa, which is sprouted wings, obtains bat moth adult, manually accurately captures female male imago and puts Enter mating in sarong and obtain insemination ovum, repeats step S1 and carry out circulation cultivation.
Embodiment 6
The method of low-coat scale raising bat moth comprising following steps:
S1 insemination ovum collection: the wild bat moth of living body that cordyceps sinensis producing region acquires Alpine meadow area on a small quantity at Worm makes adult mate in sarong in the period at dusk at area that originates in, and collects insemination chalaza and goes back to laboratory, be placed in 8~10 DEG C, it is opposite Preservation under the environmental condition of humidity 60~75%;
S2 mixed-matrix is prepared: interior is configured to mixed-matrix in the ratio of dry weight ratio 8:2 using hayashishita soil and coco bran, wet Control is spent 48%, is fitted into after mixing evenly spare in the transparent vessel of 40L;
S3 feed is launched and cultivated: larvae feeds are launched according to the amount of the every 4 ovum 2g that inseminate, and feed includes that weight part ratio is For the fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed of 4:1, launch in the mixed-matrix depths 10cm at the middle and upper levels, sufficient in 20 DEG C and moisture, illumination Under the conditions of cultivate 25d, make fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed germinate and form huge root system;
S4 takes ovum and hatches: taking bat moth ovum, ovum card is made, about 7d before hatching is fitted into the nylon wire of 30~60 mesh It sterilizes in alcohol and is sterilized 2 minutes in 20s or liquor natrii hypochloritis, is placed at mixed-matrix 8cm, placement position is needed by every Ovum 0.15g launches addition combustion bar seed, and for the back-off of ovum card above combustion bar seed, stromal surface covers wet medium moisturizing, disposed within Temperature is 17 DEG C, hatches in the environment of relative humidity 65%;
The transfer of S5 larva is raised: periodically sampling observation is transferred to throwing when finding for 80%~100% larvae development to 4 age It puts in the transparent vessel of feed and mixed-matrix and raises, the humidity of mixed-matrix is maintained at 51%;The method launched using punching, 1 larva is launched in every hole, and feed is launched in matrix surface layer 3cm, and feed includes the frequent species such as carrot, throws by every larva The amount for putting 2.5g feed is launched, and is placed in the environment of 13 DEG C of temperature, relative humidity 55% and is raised;
S6 larva pupates: when mature larvae of the larvae development of discovery 80%~100% at 6 ages or more, using The method that punching is launched is transferred in the transparent vessel for launching feed and mixed-matrix and raises, and feed includes the Common Species such as carrot Class is also possible to fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed.Culturing room's temperature simulation natural environment ground temperature, monthly gradually reduces cultivation temperature again Increase, 11 DEG C of the amplitude of temperature change month by month, specifically month by month temperature methods adjusted be 13 DEG C → 8 DEG C → 2 DEG C → 8 DEG C → 13 DEG C, until mature larvae is pupated, incubation time is 3~5 months.
S7 sprouts wings: as temperature is stepped up, pupa, which is sprouted wings, obtains bat moth adult, manually accurately captures female male imago and puts Enter mating in sarong and obtain insemination ovum, repeats step S1 and carry out circulation cultivation.
It selects the method for present invention raising bat moth as test group, is comparison with substrate-free breeding larva in laboratory Example uses glass culture dish to raise container, using carrot as feed, under the premise of feeding environment condition is identical, and larva raising See Table 1 for details, table 2 for survival rate and raising cost of human resources:
Bat moth under the different rearing conditions of table 1 lives and reproduces situation
2 10 ten thousand larva raising rough costs of table
Conclusion: low-coat scale method for breeding of the invention, Hatch Rate of Hepialus Ovum, survival rate of larvae, aged children are used Worm percentage of pupation, pupa eclosion rate are above comparative example, and feeding cost is only the 1/2 of comparative example, is grown under environment of the present invention Bat moth survival ability and reproductive capacity be higher than comparative example, be conducive to bat moth larvae and survive, pupate, sprout wings, be also beneficial to The reduction of feeding cost.
The above description is merely a specific embodiment, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, any Those familiar with the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, can easily think of the change or the replacement, and should all contain Lid is within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be based on the protection scope of the described claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of method of low-coat scale raising bat moth, which is characterized in that itself the following steps are included:
The collection of S1 insemination ovum: wild bat moth adult is acquired, its mating is made to give birth to insemination ovum;
The hatching of S2 insemination ovum: preparing mixed-matrix, and feed and insemination ovum are launched in mixed-matrix and its hatching is made to obtain children Worm, larva feeding in mixed-matrix is developed, until 80%~100% larvae development to 4 ages;
The transfer of S3 larva is raised: 4 instar larvaes obtained by step S2 are transferred in the transparent vessel for launching feed and mixed-matrix Raising, until 80%~100% larvae development is to 6 more than age;
S4 larva pupates: the 6 ages above larva obtained by step S3 is transferred in the transparent vessel for launching mixed-matrix and feed Raising is cultivated until it is pupated;
The emergence of S5 pupa: pupa, which is sprouted wings, obtains bat moth adult.
2. the method for low-coat scale raising bat moth as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that it further includes step S6: The bat moth adult to sprout wings in step S5 is mated given birth to insemination ovum, and the step after continuing step S1 realizes that circulation is cultivated.
3. a kind of method of low-coat scale raising bat moth as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the mixed-matrix Including hayashishita soil and coco bran.
4. the method for low-coat scale raising bat moth as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that in step S2, the feeding Material includes following components: fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed;
Launched 8~15cm at the middle and upper levels of mixed-matrix at after the fern fiber crops root tuber and combustion bar seed mixing, the fern fiber crops root tuber with The weight ratio that combustion bar seed is launched is 3~5:1.
5. the method for low-coat scale raising bat moth as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: mixed described in step S2 Matrix cultivates 15~45d after launching feed, is used further to hatching insemination ovum.
6. the method for low-coat scale raising bat moth as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: ovum of inseminating in step S2 is thrown It is placed on the top of feed in mixed-matrix, surface covers wet medium moisturizing.
7. the method for low-coat scale raising bat moth as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that: ovum of inseminating in step S2 is thrown It is placed on the depths 3~8cm of mixed-matrix.
8. the method for low-coat scale raising bat moth as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that mixed-matrix in step S2 It is interior to launch 0.5~3.0g feed by every 4 insemination ovum;
Or 0.5~3.0g feed is launched by every larva in mixed-matrix in step S3;
Or 0.5~1.0g feed is launched by every mature larvae in mixed-matrix in step S4.
9. the method for low-coat scale raising bat moth as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: in step S4, larva is adopted With low temperature breeding method, the temperature of cultivation is 2~13 DEG C.
10. the method for low-coat scale raising bat moth as claimed in claim 9, it is characterised in that: in step S4, low temperature training It raises an infant worm, cultivates temperature change using monthly gradually reducing again raised mode.
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