CN106343276A - Feed for feeding cordyceps sinensis host larvae and method for feeding host larvae - Google Patents

Feed for feeding cordyceps sinensis host larvae and method for feeding host larvae Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106343276A
CN106343276A CN201610842781.8A CN201610842781A CN106343276A CN 106343276 A CN106343276 A CN 106343276A CN 201610842781 A CN201610842781 A CN 201610842781A CN 106343276 A CN106343276 A CN 106343276A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
feedstuff
larva
feed
food materials
feeding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610842781.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王云
李海霞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN201610842781.8A priority Critical patent/CN106343276A/en
Publication of CN106343276A publication Critical patent/CN106343276A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates

Abstract

The invention provides a feed for feeding cordyceps sinensis host larvae and a method for feeding the host larvae, wherein the feed is prepared from the following food materials: rhizoma polygoni vivipari and ginseng fruit (potentilla anserina). In a plurality of embodiments, the feed is also prepared from potato, sweet potato and carrot which serve as the food materials. The invention also provides a method for preparing the feed and a method for feeding hepiaua larva by adopting the feed. According to the feed and the method provided by the invention, artificial technical links for feeding the hepiaua larva are realized; the feed and the method can be used for artificial scale feed of the bat moth larvae, and generate a huge pushing action on artificial cultivation of cordyceps sinensis, thereby generating huge economic benefits.

Description

For raising the feedstuff of host of Cordyceps sinensis larva and the method for host plant for rearing larva
Technical field
The present invention relates to the breeding method of Cordyceps is and in particular to be used for raising host of Cordyceps sinensis larva
Feedstuff and using this feedstuff raise described host larva method.
Background technology
Cordyceps are Clavicipitaceae (clavicipitaceae) funguses Cordyceps funguss (cordycepssienesis (berkeley) saccardo) Stroma on Hepialidae (hepialidae) Genus Hepialuss (hepialus) larva and bat children The complex of worm corpse, it is one of distinctive rare medicinal herbss of China, and flat property and sweet taste has functions that invigorating the lung and the kidney.
As described above, Hepialus insect larva can be parasitic by Cordyceps funguss, and final by the growth of certain time Form Cordyceps.In recent years, its wild resource is made to be seriously damaged because people excavate Cordyceps in a large number, market needs in addition Ask and be gradually increased, wild Cordyceps far from meeting needs, also suffered seriously by the ecological environment in the Cordyceps place of production Destruction, be suitable to the number of plant that Hepialus larva takes food and also drastically reducing.Artificial intervention actively develop Cordyceps protection and Cultivate and just become the inevitable choice solving this contradiction, artificially cultivating cordyceps are important and effective measures, wherein The raising of host larva is the basis manually carrying out Cordyceps cultivation.Artificial breeding's situation of current Hepialus insect larva Greatly govern the artificial culture of Cordyceps.
Fresh food material common manifestation about artificial breeding's Hepialus larva is unification now.And feed growth is in height Altitude Regions should not excavate, transport, fresh-keeping, limit the regionality of artificial breeding.
Sum it up, present technology yet suffers from problems.For example, Hepialus armorieanus Oberthur children is not raised with fresh food formula Worm, result in Larval foods supply inadequate and comprehensive so that Hepialus armorieanus Oberthur larva survival rate is low, vitality is poor, and growth potential is low.
In addition, if only being raised using a kind of fresh food and other compositions as formula, because Vespertilio moth larvae exists Burrow on foodstuff the characteristic taking food, if do not packed, is not easy by Hepialus armorieanus Oberthur larval feeding.And wrapped Dress, will increase the cost input of artificial breeding.
Content of the invention
In order to solve the problems, such as in current Hepialus armorieanus Oberthur larva raising that fresh feed composition is single and how put in soil Put the problem of foodstuff.The invention provides following technical scheme.
1st, a kind of feedstuff for raising Vespertilio moth larvae, wherein, described feedstuff comprises following food materials: Herba Herminii (potentilla anserina l) and Polygonum viviparum L. (polygonum viviparum l).
2nd, the feedstuff as described in technical scheme 1, wherein, described feedstuff adopts the subterraneous stem of Herba Herminii and the underground of Polygonum viviparum L. Stem is as food materials.
3rd, the feedstuff as described in any one as described in technical scheme 1 to 2 also comprises Radix Dauci Sativae (daucus Carotal.var.sativa hoffm), Rhizoma Solani tuber osi (solanum tuberosum), Radix Ipomoeae (lpomoea batatas (l) Lam) etc..
4th, the feedstuff as described in technical scheme 3, wherein, described feedstuff adopts Polygonum viviparum L., Radix Dauci Sativae, Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, Radix Ipomoeae Subterraneous stem is as food materials.
5th, the method for the feedstuff described in a kind of technology of preparing scheme 1 to 4, wherein, methods described comprises the steps:
(1) obtain as the Herba Herminii of food materials or Polygonum viviparum L., Radix Dauci Sativae, Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, Radix Ipomoeae subterraneous stem as food materials (recklessly Radix Raphani, Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, Radix Ipomoeae are economical, easy to be obtained);
(2) cut or choose the less Radix Dauci Sativae as food materials of head, Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, Radix Ipomoeae;
(3) described food materials are carried out disinfection;
6th, the method as described in technical scheme 5, the food materials subterraneous stem employed in it is raw material and includes washing tuber Soil simultaneously removes root hair step.
7th, as described in technical scheme 5 or 6, food materials put into insect box.
8th, such as technical scheme 5 to 7 methods described, chlorine dioxide disinfection liquid carries out disinfection to described food materials.
9th, such as in technical scheme 8 methods described, chlorine dioxide used adds purified water ratio for (1: 1000) soak time is 20- 30min.
10th, such as also include in technical scheme 5 to 9 methods described to food materials distilled water immersion 20-30min. after sterilization
11st, a kind of method raising host of Cordyceps sinensis larva, wherein, methods described adopts described in technical scheme 1 to 3 Feedstuff is raised.
12nd, the method as described in technical scheme 5, wherein, described host larva is Hepialidae (hepialidae) bat Belong to (hepialus) larva.
13rd, the method as described in technical scheme 6 or 7, wherein, methods described is raised using under conditions of having soil.
14th, the method as described in technical scheme 11 to 12, wherein, methods described comprises the steps:
(1) take out height above sea level 3000 with the thick fertile soil of upper epidermis 2cm to 5cm;With 100 mesh ferrum sieve screening fine earths;
(2) fertile soil after adopted screening is put under sunlight after intensity shines three days for 1000lux;
(3) fertile soil after shining is standby with cooling down after high-pressure sterilizing pot sterilization again;
(4) above-mentioned high-pressure sterilizing pot sterilisation temp is 121 DEG C of sterilization 30min;
(5) spread the thick fertile soil of 2cm to 5cm;
(6) spray distilled water to described fertile soil to hold not water outlet and be divided into standard;
(7) put into the feedstuff any one of technical scheme 1 to 4;
(8) put into described host larva;
(9) put into larva quantity according to (larval density too conference is mutually baited and dead) depending on larva box size, typically Using 1/5cm2Dispose;
(10) place into 3-5em fertile soil feedstuff all can be covered;
(11) raise described host larva;
15th, the method as any one of technical scheme 11 to 14, wherein, (11st) step 10 DEG C to 15 DEG C article Carry out under part.
16th, the method as any one of claim 11 to 15, wherein, (11st) step can be carried out indoors.
Feedstuff provided by the present invention can be immediately available for Cordyceps larva raising, Cordyceps larva (Vespertilio moth larvae) Raising solve the problems, such as the worm sources of Cordyceps artificial culture, alleviate the nervous problem of Cordyceps Resources.
The present invention feeds utilized more nutrition economy is easy to collection and is stoped to plateau ecology destruction, can be used for Vespertilio moth larvae Artificially cultivating cordyceps are had powerful impetus by industrialization artificial breeding, and can produce huge economic benefit.
Specific embodiment
Below particularly preferred embodiments of the invention is illustrated.
In a first aspect, food materials by the invention include Herba Herminii (potentilla anserina l) and Polygonum viviparum L. (polygonum viviparum l) Radix Dauci Sativae (daucus carotal.var.sativa hoffm), Rhizoma Solani tuber osi (solanum Tuberosum), Radix Ipomoeae (lpomoea batatas (l) lam) etc..
This result of study show Radix Dauci Sativae, Radix Ipomoeae, Rhizoma Solani tuber osi as artificial breeding's Cordyceps feedstuff have economical and practical It is easy to gather materials on the spot it is easy to artificial growth.
Because Vespertilio moth larvae lives in underground in some optimal ways, underground rhizome of searching for food, the present invention selects Hu trailing plants Foretell, it is nutritious to be easy to gather.
The method that the second aspect of the invention provides the feedstuff described in technology of preparing scheme 1 to 4, wherein, described side Method comprises the steps:
(1) obtain as the Herba Herminii of food materials or Polygonum viviparum L., Radix Dauci Sativae, Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, Radix Ipomoeae subterraneous stem as food materials (recklessly Radix Raphani, Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, Radix Ipomoeae are economical, easy to be gathered).
(2) cut or choose the less Radix Dauci Sativae as food materials of head, Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, Radix Ipomoeae
(3) described food materials are carried out disinfection.
Wherein, in (1st) step, Radix Dauci Sativae is optional, and in some preferred implementations, described Radix Dauci Sativae is preferential Further include in described feedstuff.
In (2nd) step, selection of small Radix Dauci Sativae is put in box and avoids feed spoilage impact larva in some embodiments Microbiological contamination in growth, simulating natural environment avoids impact larval growth rates of digging.
In some embodiments to feed disinfection in (3rd) step, preferably chlorine dioxide soak time is 20- 30min.
Some preferred embodiment in (3rd) step, be additionally included in after sterilization using distilled water immersion 20- 30min.
In a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a kind of Cordyceps larva raising method, wherein, methods described is using this The feedstuff that invention first aspect provides.
Some preferred embodiment in, described host larva be Vespertilio moth larvae.
Some preferred embodiment in, using there being earth culture to support, have earth culture to support is that Vespertilio moth larvae is natural to methods described Conditions of existence.
Some preferred embodiment described in method comprise the steps that (1) takes out the thick humic of top layer 2cm to 5cm Soil;(2) feedstuff any one of discharge technique scheme 1 to 4;(3) spread the thick fertile soil of 2cm to 5cm;(4) spray distillation Water to described fertile soil is held not water outlet and is divided into standard;(5) raise described host larva.
In (1st) step, fertile soil used is the above upland soil of height above sea level 3000m.
It should be noted that each scope in this explanation includes each endpoint value and each numerical value changing scope.
Content disclosed in this invention and existing technology, those skilled in the art can carry out various technology to the present invention Improve, without departing from the essence of the present invention.
1. the preparation of equipment, zooecium, common tool
A. insectary requires in aseptic condition first, and the design of insectary should have (at least two-stage) between buffering, toolroom, feedstuff accurate Standby room, insectary.And room wall is smooth not to stay dead angle.
B. the sterilization of people: people should first will hand-wash totally by the seven step methods of washing one's hands before entering zooecium, with preparing between the first buffering Disinfectant will after hand-wrist bones, second buffering between band muzzles, puts on clean garment, cap is washed one's hands with disinfectant solution again, with sterilization Receptacle is entered after towel afterwards.
C. clothes, mask, medicated cap sterilization.Naturally it is put in after packaging after drying within about 10 minutes after above-mentioned article sterilization blister The every nook and cranny in room is wiped by 121 degree of sterilizations of autoclave (cabinet) d. room sterilization in a hour with purified water, then with adding disinfectant solution Purified water (with 1500: 100 disinfectant solution prepare) again wipe room every nook and cranny, then with 75% (95%) medical alcohol spray Penetrate every nook and cranny, then with controlling sterilization about 20-30 minute outside ultraviolet light (personnel all leave), then heat liquid with alcohol burner Stifling.
E. the sterilization of vessel.All vessel are sterilized 1 hour for latter 121 degrees Celsius with kraft paper parcel.
D. the sterilization of worm box.It is placed under the sun after pp plastic casing is cleaned and is exposed to the sun one day, put into and between buffering, open ultra violet lamp 30 minutes about stand-by.
F. the sterilization of soil.Above for 3500 height above sea level plateau detritus soil is sifted out big soil block in (illumination with 100 mesh sieve 1000lux) it is exposed to the sun under sunlight three days, put into after being heated 30 minutes with high-pressure sterilizing pot 121c and between buffering, use purple light light irradiation 30 again Cool down stand-by after minute.
G. larvae feeds sterilization.After Herba Herminii or Polygonum viviparum L., Radix Dauci Sativae are cleaned with clear water by, after aqueous vapor somewhat dry in the sun, putting into plus The disinfectant solution (1000: 1) entering chlorine dioxide soaks that to clean dry in the sun with distilled water again within about 30 minutes standby.
H. soil mounted box.Will be after cooling and the soil that disinfects loads pp plastic casing, soil thickness about 3cm, is sprayed water with watering can Put into the feedstuff disinfecting after (purified water) is appropriate to place into larva about 30 about (according to box size fixed numbers) density can not Too big, Vespertilio moth larvae can mutually be baited with growth.After adding appropriate sterilization after larva is put in box, soil spray is appropriate Water (purified water) humidity be 60%.And with having kept humidity on lid lid gently.
K, the worm divided box is placed on ready-made shelf, lattice shelf are laterally put three capsule row high energy and taken out boxes.
1. the temperature requirement of receptacle is that 8-15 degree Celsius of humidity requirement is had ready conditions for 60% (requiring to install air-conditioning and exhaust fan) Place clean air conditioner can be installed.
M. periodically receptacle is disinfected.Receptacle was mopped floor with disinfection by chlorine dioxide water every three days and wipes air after wall Carry out disinfection.
N. patrol and examine daily.Patrolling and examining content is: about 13 degree of temperature is advisable, humidity is advisable, checks in box, whether larva climbs for 60% Occur as (temperature is too high, soil too dry larva shows as many dynamic spinnings).

Claims (9)

1. a kind of feedstuff for raising Vespertilio moth larvae, wherein, described feedstuff comprises following food materials: Herba Herminii (potentilla anserina l) and Polygonum viviparum L. (polygonum viviparum l).
2. feedstuff as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described feedstuff adopts the subterraneous stem of Herba Herminii and Polygonum viviparum L. as food materials.
3. a kind of method of the feedstuff prepared described in claim 1 to 2, wherein, methods described comprises the steps:
(1) obtain as the Herba Herminii of food materials and Polygonum viviparum L. or Radix Dauci Sativae, Radix Ipomoeae, Rhizoma Solani tuber osi and clean;
(2) cut Radix Dauci Sativae and Herba Herminii and the Polygonum viviparum L. as food materials
(3) described food materials are carried out disinfection.
4. a kind of method raising host of Cordyceps sinensis larva, wherein, methods described adopts the feedstuff described in claims 1 to 3 Raised.
5. method as claimed in claim 4, wherein, described host larva is Hepialidae (hepialidae) Genus Hepialuss (hepialus) larva.
6. the method as described in claim 5 or 6, wherein, methods described is raised using under conditions of having soil.
7. method as claimed in claim 6, wherein, methods described comprises the steps:
(1) take out the thick fertile soil of top layer 2cm to 5cm;
(2) put into the feedstuff any one of Claims 1-4;
(3) spread the thick fertile soil of 1cm to 5cm;
(4) spray distilled water to described fertile soil to hold not water outlet and be divided into standard;
(5) raise described host larva.
8. the method as any one of claim 5 to 7, wherein, (5th) step is entered under conditions of 10 DEG C to 15 DEG C OK.
9. the method as any one of claim 6 to 8, wherein, (5th) step can be carried out indoors.
CN201610842781.8A 2016-09-23 2016-09-23 Feed for feeding cordyceps sinensis host larvae and method for feeding host larvae Pending CN106343276A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610842781.8A CN106343276A (en) 2016-09-23 2016-09-23 Feed for feeding cordyceps sinensis host larvae and method for feeding host larvae

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610842781.8A CN106343276A (en) 2016-09-23 2016-09-23 Feed for feeding cordyceps sinensis host larvae and method for feeding host larvae

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106343276A true CN106343276A (en) 2017-01-25

Family

ID=57858804

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610842781.8A Pending CN106343276A (en) 2016-09-23 2016-09-23 Feed for feeding cordyceps sinensis host larvae and method for feeding host larvae

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106343276A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107156061A (en) * 2017-04-17 2017-09-15 广东东阳光药业有限公司 Screen the device and method that suitable host of Cordyceps sinensis larva perches soil matrix
JP2018536394A (en) * 2016-10-25 2018-12-13 広東省生物資源応用研究所Guangdong Institute Of Applied Biological Resources Artificial feed for bat larvae and method for preparing the same
CN109221826A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-01-18 重庆市中药研究院 A kind of artificial formula forage of bat moth and preparation method thereof
CN110036984A (en) * 2019-05-14 2019-07-23 安发(福建)生物科技有限公司 A kind of method of low-coat scale raising bat moth
CN112314535A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-02-05 东莞市东阳光冬虫夏草研发有限公司 Cordyceps sinensis host larva feed and method for feeding cordyceps sinensis host larvae
CN113475648A (en) * 2021-07-22 2021-10-08 成都天草生物科技有限公司 Artificial feed for hepialus armoricanus low-age larvae as well as preparation method and application of artificial feed
CN113854408A (en) * 2021-10-09 2021-12-31 重庆市中药研究院 Artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host low-age larvae

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102696555A (en) * 2012-06-13 2012-10-03 重庆市中药研究院 Semi-wild manual Cordyceps-cultivating method
CN103081869A (en) * 2012-08-16 2013-05-08 重庆市中药研究院 Method for artificially cultivating cordyceps sinensis at low altitude

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102696555A (en) * 2012-06-13 2012-10-03 重庆市中药研究院 Semi-wild manual Cordyceps-cultivating method
CN103081869A (en) * 2012-08-16 2013-05-08 重庆市中药研究院 Method for artificially cultivating cordyceps sinensis at low altitude

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2018536394A (en) * 2016-10-25 2018-12-13 広東省生物資源応用研究所Guangdong Institute Of Applied Biological Resources Artificial feed for bat larvae and method for preparing the same
CN107156061A (en) * 2017-04-17 2017-09-15 广东东阳光药业有限公司 Screen the device and method that suitable host of Cordyceps sinensis larva perches soil matrix
CN109221826A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-01-18 重庆市中药研究院 A kind of artificial formula forage of bat moth and preparation method thereof
CN110036984A (en) * 2019-05-14 2019-07-23 安发(福建)生物科技有限公司 A kind of method of low-coat scale raising bat moth
CN110036984B (en) * 2019-05-14 2022-04-29 安发(福建)生物科技有限公司 Method for breeding hepialus armoricanus in low-cost scale
CN112314535A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-02-05 东莞市东阳光冬虫夏草研发有限公司 Cordyceps sinensis host larva feed and method for feeding cordyceps sinensis host larvae
CN112314535B (en) * 2020-11-27 2022-08-12 东莞市东阳光冬虫夏草研发有限公司 Cordyceps sinensis host larva feed and method for feeding cordyceps sinensis host larvae
CN113475648A (en) * 2021-07-22 2021-10-08 成都天草生物科技有限公司 Artificial feed for hepialus armoricanus low-age larvae as well as preparation method and application of artificial feed
CN113854408A (en) * 2021-10-09 2021-12-31 重庆市中药研究院 Artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host low-age larvae

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106343276A (en) Feed for feeding cordyceps sinensis host larvae and method for feeding host larvae
CN105993613B (en) A kind of more season implantation methods of high altitudes and cold area hickory chick
CN102318547B (en) Overhead cultivation method of Dendrobium huoshanense test-tube seedlings
CN106258483B (en) Morchella multilayer base material planting method in high-cold high-altitude area
CN106258485A (en) A kind of high altitudes and cold area efficient implantation methods of Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers
CN104094750B (en) Pollution-free food cabbage mustard cultivation method
CN103299963B (en) The mass rearing method of Chinese caterpillar fungus host insect and special equipment thereof
CN103004469B (en) Tall gastrodia tuber culture method, tall gastrodia tuber liquor and tall gastrodia tuber production process by using small-caliber container
CN105309142B (en) Sexual propagation method for gastrodia elata
CN103340095A (en) Mushroom cultivating method
CN103843583B (en) Green Cordyceps militaris industrialization production method
CN103733874A (en) Wildmimic cultivation method of ganoderma lucidum
CN105052528A (en) Industrialized ramie seedling culturing method
CN104311256B (en) A kind of mushroom cultivation substrate made of industrial hemp
CN108782007A (en) The aeroponic method of ganoderma lucidum
CN103444530A (en) Technology for field return-to-nature ex-situ plantation of wild anoectochilus roxburghii (Wall.) Lindl in Fujian
CN111034538A (en) Method for culturing black fungus by utilizing mulberry branches
CN103858677A (en) Simplified coprinus comatus cultivation method
KR102144072B1 (en) Method for preparing nutrient solution for ginseng water culture
KR101371175B1 (en) growing method of Artemisia annua and manufacturing method of tea
CN106305132A (en) Method for efficiently planting M.esculenta in high-cold and high-altitude area
CN105557303A (en) Indoor precise cultivation method of pleurotus tuber regium
CN111972209A (en) Cultivation method of semi-wild ganoderma lucidum
CN108094046A (en) Wild Bag Material Phellinus cultural method is imitated under a kind of artificial forest
CN107853073A (en) A kind of applicable edible mushroom is potted plant to cultivate integration system and application

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20170125