CN113854408A - Artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host low-age larvae - Google Patents

Artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host low-age larvae Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN113854408A
CN113854408A CN202111176788.8A CN202111176788A CN113854408A CN 113854408 A CN113854408 A CN 113854408A CN 202111176788 A CN202111176788 A CN 202111176788A CN 113854408 A CN113854408 A CN 113854408A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cordyceps sinensis
host
larvae
age
artificial feed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202111176788.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
游华建
鲁增辉
陈仕江
张德利
贺元川
谭发银
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chongqing Academy of Chinese Materia Medica
Original Assignee
Chongqing Academy of Chinese Materia Medica
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chongqing Academy of Chinese Materia Medica filed Critical Chongqing Academy of Chinese Materia Medica
Priority to CN202111176788.8A priority Critical patent/CN113854408A/en
Publication of CN113854408A publication Critical patent/CN113854408A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/105Aliphatic or alicyclic compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/163Sugars; Polysaccharides
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/174Vitamins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/90Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for insects, e.g. bees or silkworms

Landscapes

  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Polymers & Plastics (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Biotechnology (AREA)
  • Molecular Biology (AREA)
  • Physiology (AREA)
  • Birds (AREA)
  • Insects & Arthropods (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Mycology (AREA)
  • Biomedical Technology (AREA)
  • Mushroom Cultivation (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of traditional Chinese medicinal materials, and discloses an artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host low-age larvae, which comprises the following components in percentage by mass: 25% of ginseng fruit, 10% of glucose, 5% of vitamin, 2% of preservative, 20% of silkworm chrysalis powder, 15% of agar, 18% of sterile water and 5% of inorganic salt. The feed disclosed by the invention is free from natural resources, controllable, low in cost, safe and effective, high in larva feeding rate and high in survival rate, realizes full-age feeding of host larvae, further can realize artificial cultivation industrialization of cordyceps sinensis, has great practical requirements and economic and social meanings, and has important significance for sustainable utilization of cordyceps sinensis resources, promotion of economic development of a storage area, accurate poverty alleviation of a real storage area and satisfaction of huge requirements of a medicine market.

Description

Artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host low-age larvae
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of traditional Chinese medicinal materials, and particularly relates to an artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host low-age larvae.
Background
The cordyceps sinensis is a fungus and worm complex formed by the cordyceps sinensis parasitizing in bat moth larvae, contains special components with important physiological activity and drug effect functions, such as cordyceps adenosine, cordycepin, ergosterol and the like, and has unique medical and health care values in the aspects of regulating human immune function, resisting oxidation, resisting tumors and the like. The cordyceps sinensis resources are mainly distributed in alpine meadow special habitats with elevation of more than 3000 meters in provinces such as Sichuan, Yunnan, Qinghai, Tibet, Gansu and the like in China, wild resources are extremely limited, excessive manual mining and digging are added, so that the wild resources are endangered, the cordyceps sinensis resources are listed as national II-grade protective species at present, the contradiction between supply and demand of the market is particularly sharp due to the exhaustion of the resources, and the market price is as high as 12 ten-thousand yuan/kg. The realization of the artificial cultivation of the cordyceps sinensis is an important way for effectively protecting the plateau ecological environment, meeting the huge requirements of the global medical health-care market and dredging the development of the cordyceps sinensis industrial chain.
At present, the artificial cultivation industrialization of the cordyceps sinensis suffers from bottleneck problems, and the main problem is that host insects are difficult to breed on a large scale. Host insects are the prerequisite and the foundation for artificially cultivating the cordyceps sinensis, and the quantity of the host insects directly influences the effective promotion of the industrialization process of the cordyceps sinensis. The important reason that the host insects are difficult to be fed in a large scale is that the host insects have a long growth cycle which is 2-3 years, are mainly fed by the native plants of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau in the whole process, and have obvious natural short boards. The main body is as follows: the average altitude of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau exceeds 4000 meters, the Qinghai-Tibet plateau is the most unique geographic unit in the global ecosystem, and the fragile alpine vegetation ecosystem is extremely sensitive to the response of manually digging natural plant feed and is difficult to recover; secondly, the natural feed has obvious seasonality and environmental limitation; the outstanding problems of reduced freshness, reduced quality, pathogenic microorganism breeding and the like are easily generated in the storage and transportation processes of natural plants, and the problems of low survival rate of host insects, high disease outbreak rate and the like are directly caused; fourthly, after the host insects eat the native plants of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau for a long time and eat the native plants and the soil of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau for a short time, the content of certain heavy metals of the host insects and the Cordyceps sinensis can exceed the standard. Therefore, the aim of industrially raising host insects is achieved by enclosing the short plate through the research of the artificial cordyceps sinensis host feed, and the problem which needs to be solved urgently in breaking through the artificial cordyceps sinensis cultivation industrialization is already formed.
In conclusion, the inventor develops the artificial feed for the cordyceps sinensis host low-age larvae.
Disclosure of Invention
Based on the problems, the invention provides the artificial feed for the cordyceps sinensis host low-age larvae, which is free from natural resources, controllable, cheap, safe and effective, high in larva feeding rate and survival rate, realizes the full-age breeding of the host larvae, and further can realize the artificial cultivation industrialization of the cordyceps sinensis.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
an artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host low-age larvae comprises the following components in percentage by mass: 25% of ginseng fruit, 10% of glucose, 5% of vitamin, 2% of preservative, 20% of silkworm chrysalis powder, 15% of agar, 18% of sterile water and 5% of inorganic salt.
Further, the preservative is potassium sorbate.
Further, the ginseng fruit with the mass percent of 25% can be replaced by the pearl bud with the mass percent of 25%.
Furthermore, the ginseng fruit with the mass percent of 25 percent can be replaced by the carrot with the mass percent of 25 percent.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the feed disclosed by the invention is free from natural resources, controllable, low in cost, safe and effective, high in larva feeding rate and high in survival rate, realizes full-age feeding of host larvae, further can realize artificial cultivation industrialization of cordyceps sinensis, has great practical requirements and economic and social meanings, and has important significance for sustainable utilization of cordyceps sinensis resources, promotion of economic development of a storage area, accurate poverty alleviation of a real storage area and satisfaction of huge requirements of a medicine market.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to examples, and the exemplary embodiments and descriptions thereof are only used for explaining the present invention and are not used as limitations of the present invention.
Example (b):
the embodiment provides an artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host low-age larvae, which comprises the following components in percentage by mass: 25% of ginseng fruit, 10% of glucose, 5% of vitamin, 2% of preservative, 20% of silkworm chrysalis powder, 15% of agar, 18% of sterile water and 5% of inorganic salt, wherein the preservative used in the embodiment is potassium sorbate.
The inventor obtains the formula, combines glucose, vitamins, preservatives, silkworm chrysalis meal, agar, sterile water and inorganic salt with carrots, ginseng fruits, beetroot, corns, potatoes, mulberry leaves, pumpkins, purple potatoes, bulbil Liao and spinach, and carries out related research, wherein the formula (mass percentage) of each feed is as follows:
the formula I is as follows: 25% of carrot, 10% of glucose, 5% of vitamin, 2% of preservative (potassium sorbate), 20% of silkworm chrysalis meal, 15% of agar, 18% of sterile water and 5% of inorganic salt;
and a second formula: 25% of ginseng fruit, 10% of glucose, 5% of vitamin, 2% of preservative (potassium sorbate), 20% of silkworm chrysalis powder, 15% of agar, 18% of sterile water and 5% of inorganic salt;
and the formula III: 25% of beetroot, 10% of glucose, 5% of vitamin, 2% of preservative (potassium sorbate), 20% of silkworm chrysalis meal, 15% of agar, 18% of sterile water and 5% of inorganic salt;
the formula four: 25% of corn, 10% of glucose, 5% of vitamin, 2% of preservative (potassium sorbate), 20% of silkworm chrysalis meal, 15% of agar, 18% of sterile water and 5% of inorganic salt;
and a fifth formula: 25% of potatoes, 10% of glucose, 5% of vitamins, 2% of preservative (potassium sorbate), 20% of silkworm chrysalis meal, 15% of agar, 18% of sterile water and 5% of inorganic salt;
and the formula six: 25% of mulberry leaves, 10% of glucose, 5% of vitamin, 2% of preservative (potassium sorbate), 20% of silkworm chrysalis meal, 15% of agar, 18% of sterile water and 5% of inorganic salt;
the formula is seven: 25% of pumpkin, 10% of glucose, 5% of vitamin, 2% of preservative (potassium sorbate), 20% of silkworm chrysalis powder, 15% of agar, 18% of sterile water and 5% of inorganic salt;
the formula is eight: 25% of purple sweet potato, 10% of glucose, 5% of vitamin, 2% of preservative (potassium sorbate), 20% of silkworm chrysalis meal, 15% of agar, 18% of sterile water and 5% of inorganic salt;
the formula is nine: liao 25% of bulbil, 10% of glucose, 5% of vitamin, 2% of preservative (potassium sorbate), 20% of silkworm chrysalis meal, 15% of agar, 18% of sterile water and 5% of inorganic salt;
the formula is ten: 25% of spinach, 10% of glucose, 5% of vitamin, 2% of preservative (potassium sorbate), 20% of silkworm chrysalis meal, 15% of agar, 18% of sterile water and 5% of inorganic salt.
The ten formulas are used for cultivating 100 pieces of primarily hatched larvae respectively, five experimental groups are arranged for each formula, and the average feeding rate and the survival rate of each formula are obtained, wherein the specific conditions are as follows:
formulation of First hatched larva feeding rate Survival rate of 3 instar larva
Formulation I 87% 61%
Formulation II 91% 85%
Formulation III 37% 17%
Formulation IV 36% 10%
Recipe five 45% 15%
Formula six 2% 0%
Formula seven 35% 9%
Prescription eight 59% 19%
Formulation nine 92% 71%
Prescription ten 4% 0%
As can be seen from the above table, the combined effect of the food intake rate and the survival rate is the best in the formula II, and the formula I is worse than the formula II for nine times.
The above is an embodiment of the present invention. The embodiments and specific parameters in the embodiments are only for the purpose of clearly illustrating the process of verifying the invention and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention, which is defined by the claims, and all the equivalent structural changes made by applying the content of the specification of the invention should be covered by the scope of the invention.

Claims (4)

1. An artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host low-age larvae is characterized by comprising the following components in percentage by mass: 25% of ginseng fruit, 10% of glucose, 5% of vitamin, 2% of preservative, 20% of silkworm chrysalis powder, 15% of agar, 18% of sterile water and 5% of inorganic salt.
2. The artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host young larvae according to claim 1, wherein the preservative is potassium sorbate.
3. The artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host young larvae according to claim 1, wherein 25% by mass of ginseng fruit is replaced with 25% by mass of cizugao.
4. The artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host young larvae according to claim 1, wherein 25% by mass of ginseng fruit is replaced by 25% by mass of carrot.
CN202111176788.8A 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 Artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host low-age larvae Pending CN113854408A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111176788.8A CN113854408A (en) 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 Artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host low-age larvae

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111176788.8A CN113854408A (en) 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 Artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host low-age larvae

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN113854408A true CN113854408A (en) 2021-12-31

Family

ID=79002222

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202111176788.8A Pending CN113854408A (en) 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 Artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host low-age larvae

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN113854408A (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103081869A (en) * 2012-08-16 2013-05-08 重庆市中药研究院 Method for artificially cultivating cordyceps sinensis at low altitude
CN106343276A (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-01-25 王云 Feed for feeding cordyceps sinensis host larvae and method for feeding host larvae
CN107198060A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-09-26 广东东阳光药业有限公司 Host of Cordyceps sinensis larvae feeds and preparation method thereof
CN112314535A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-02-05 东莞市东阳光冬虫夏草研发有限公司 Cordyceps sinensis host larva feed and method for feeding cordyceps sinensis host larvae

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103081869A (en) * 2012-08-16 2013-05-08 重庆市中药研究院 Method for artificially cultivating cordyceps sinensis at low altitude
CN106343276A (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-01-25 王云 Feed for feeding cordyceps sinensis host larvae and method for feeding host larvae
CN107198060A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-09-26 广东东阳光药业有限公司 Host of Cordyceps sinensis larvae feeds and preparation method thereof
CN112314535A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-02-05 东莞市东阳光冬虫夏草研发有限公司 Cordyceps sinensis host larva feed and method for feeding cordyceps sinensis host larvae

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
黄雪峰等: "5种食料对蝙蝠蛾幼虫生长的影响", 《武夷科学》 *

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105309142B (en) Sexual propagation method for gastrodia elata
Mkhize et al. Performance of Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom grown on maize stalk residues supplemented with various levels of maize flour and wheat bran
CN102793086A (en) Special feed for culturing blood-sucking leech larvae
JP2018536394A (en) Artificial feed for bat larvae and method for preparing the same
CN101139233A (en) Active biological medical fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104478546B (en) A kind of method utilizing Vitex chinensis Mill. bits to cultivate hedgehog hydnum
CN104430098B (en) A kind of method improving pond net box culturing rice field eel overwintering survival rate
CN103641555A (en) Method for manufacturing pleurotus nebrodensis culture material from sunflower byproducts
Stanley et al. Cultivation of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus pulmonarius) on amended corncob substrate
CN105558418A (en) Nutritional and disease-resisting bullfrog feed additive
CN107156543A (en) A kind of man-made feeds of Monochamus alternatus low instar larvae and preparation method thereof
CN106387354B (en) A kind of novel yellow meal worm biological fermentation feed and preparation method
CN104095154B (en) A kind of Cynoglossus semilaevis special immune reinforcing agent
CN108013209B (en) Artificial fermented feed for feeding larvae of Tirathaba rufivena
CN107125209B (en) Technical method for living ecological breeding and land fertility improvement of Shanghai earthworm in rice field
CN102715371A (en) Feed additive for improving growth and immunity of Apostichopus japonicus
CN102669472A (en) Asiatic corn borer agar-free semi-artificial feed adopting cornstalk powder as major raw materials and preparation method of feed
CN113854408A (en) Artificial feed for cordyceps sinensis host low-age larvae
CN106036259A (en) Artificial feed for larval delia antiqua (Meigen) as well as preparation method of artificial feed and raising method of larval delia antiqua (Meigen)
CN101878866B (en) Artificial feed for harmonia axyridis
CN107232136A (en) A kind of cultural method of mountain bridge chicken
Saginova et al. Problems of ensuring the food security
CN110637677A (en) Culture medium for improving cordycepin of cordyceps militaris and preparation method thereof
CN109287893A (en) A kind of non-soil type breeding dust of pharmaceutical ground beetle and preparation method thereof
CN108077657A (en) A kind of locust man-made feeds and its preparation method and application

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20211231

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication