CN109208562B - Cleaning device for water surface garbage floater - Google Patents

Cleaning device for water surface garbage floater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109208562B
CN109208562B CN201811274755.5A CN201811274755A CN109208562B CN 109208562 B CN109208562 B CN 109208562B CN 201811274755 A CN201811274755 A CN 201811274755A CN 109208562 B CN109208562 B CN 109208562B
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
garbage
rectangular
frame
belt
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CN201811274755.5A
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CN109208562A (en
Inventor
权哲宏
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Xuzhou yuzhiyang marketing planning Co.,Ltd.
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Xuzhou Yuzhiyang Marketing Planning Co ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of environmental protection, in particular to a cleaning device for water surface garbage floaters. The lower end face of the rectangular frame is fixedly connected to the bottom plate, transverse plates of the two L-shaped lower fixing frames are fixedly connected to the front end face of the rectangular frame, the two conveying belt upper fixing frames are fixedly connected to the right end of the bottom plate, the garbage collection box is fixedly connected to the right end of the bottom plate, and the garbage collection box is located at the rear ends of the two conveying belt upper fixing frames; the right end of the rectangular frame is fixedly connected with a screw seat plate, and two circular through holes are formed in the screw seat plate; according to the invention, the marine garbage is collected through the garbage conveyor belt, the cut-off knife crushes the collected marine large garbage into small garbage, so that the crushed garbage is conveniently compressed and buried, meanwhile, the small garbage is conveniently decomposed, the marine garbage removal efficiency is improved, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, the marine garbage treatment cost is reduced, and the marine garbage disposal device is practical and environment-friendly.

Description

Cleaning device for water surface garbage floater
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of environmental protection, in particular to a cleaning device for water surface garbage floaters.
Background
With the development of the coastal zone industry, the increase of consumption of coastal cities, and the aggravation of various offshore activities, a large amount of marine waste is inevitably generated, a large amount of algae is killed, and the earth is warmed. At present, the offshore marine garbage is generally cleaned by adopting a manual salvage mode at home and abroad, namely, a half-cabin type or deck motor barge is adopted, tools such as a net bag held by sanitation workers stand on the edge of a deck to directly salvage the garbage, the operation mode has high labor intensity, severe working environment and low efficiency, and the marine garbage cleaning transportation cost is higher for an area far away from a coastline, so that the marine garbage treatment cost is generally higher. Therefore, the ocean floating garbage cleaning device for treating the water surface floating garbage is urgently needed to accelerate the cleaning of various ocean garbage and reduce the labor intensity of sanitation workers.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a cleaning device for water surface garbage floaters, which has the beneficial effects that the cleaning device has the functions of collecting marine garbage, crushing marine massive garbage, compressing the garbage and purifying marine ecological environment, the marine garbage is collected through a garbage conveyor belt, the collected marine massive garbage is crushed into small garbage by a cutting knife, the crushed garbage is compressed and buried conveniently, meanwhile, the small garbage is decomposed conveniently, the marine garbage cleaning efficiency is improved, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, the marine garbage treatment cost is reduced, and the cleaning device is practical and environment-friendly.
The purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a cleaning device for water surface garbage floaters comprises a base, a garbage conveyor belt, a garbage crushing barrel, a garbage compression box, a power transmission wheel and a garbage collection box, wherein the base comprises a bottom plate, a rectangular frame, an L-shaped lower fixing frame, a conveyor belt upper fixing frame and a screw seat plate; the lower end face of the rectangular frame is fixedly connected to the bottom plate, the joint of the rectangular frame and the bottom plate is in arc transition, transverse plates of two L-shaped lower fixing frames are fixedly connected to the front end face of the rectangular frame, two conveying belt upper fixing frames are fixedly connected to the right end of the bottom plate, the garbage collection box is fixedly connected to the right end of the bottom plate, and the garbage collection box is located at the rear ends of the two conveying belt upper fixing frames; the right end of the rectangular frame is fixedly connected with a screw seat plate, and two circular through holes are formed in the screw seat plate;
the garbage conveying belt comprises an upper roller shaft, a lower roller shaft, an upper roller, a lower roller, a conveying belt body, a baffle, a side baffle, a transmission belt wheel I, a driving chain wheel, a driven chain wheel and a driving belt wheel I; the two ends of an upper roller shaft are respectively connected to two fixing frames on the conveying belt in a rotating mode through bearings with seats, the two ends of a lower roller shaft are respectively connected to vertical plates of two L-shaped lower fixing frames in a rotating mode through bearings with seats, the upper roller and the lower roller are respectively fixedly connected to the upper roller shaft and the lower roller shaft, the upper roller and the lower roller shaft are connected through a conveying belt body in a transmission mode, a plurality of baffle plates are evenly and fixedly connected to the conveying belt body, a driving belt pulley I and a driving chain wheel are fixedly connected to one end of the upper roller shaft, the driving belt pulley I is fixedly connected to the other end of the upper roller shaft, the driving chain wheel is connected with a driven chain wheel through chain transmission, and the; the upper ends of the two side baffles are rotatably connected to the upper roller shaft through a bearing with a seat, the lower ends of the two side baffles are rotatably connected to the lower roller shaft through a bearing with a seat, and the inner side surfaces of the two side baffles are respectively attached to two end surfaces of the conveyor belt body;
the garbage crushing barrel comprises a crushing barrel body, a barrel support, a feeding seat, a spiral blade rotating shaft, a spiral conveying blade, a transmission belt wheel II, a transmission belt wheel III, a driven bevel gear, a bevel gear rotating shaft frame, a driving bevel gear, a driving belt wheel II, a gear rotating shaft and a gear rotating shaft frame; the crushing cylinder body is fixedly connected between the fixing frames on the two conveying belts through the cylinder support, the feeding seat is fixedly connected to the right end of the upper end of the crushing cylinder body and communicated with the inside of the crushing cylinder body, the feeding seat is located below the upper end of the conveying belt body, the right end of the spiral blade rotating shaft is rotatably connected to the right end of the crushing cylinder body through a belt seat bearing, the spiral conveying blade and the transmission belt wheel II are fixedly connected to the spiral blade rotating shaft, the spiral conveying blade is located in the crushing cylinder body, the transmission belt wheel II is located on the right side of the crushing cylinder body, and the transmission belt wheel II is in transmission connection with the driving belt wheel I through; the transmission belt pulley III and the driven bevel gear are respectively fixedly connected to two ends of a bevel gear rotating shaft, and the bevel gear rotating shaft is rotatably connected to a bevel gear rotating shaft frame through a belt seat bearing; the driven bevel gear is in meshing transmission with the driving bevel gear, the driving bevel gear and the driving belt wheel II are respectively and fixedly connected to two ends of a gear rotating shaft, the gear rotating shaft is rotatably connected to a gear rotating shaft frame through a belt seat bearing, and the driving belt wheel II is in meshing transmission with the driving belt wheel I;
the garbage compression box comprises a compression box body, a blanking seat, a rectangular sliding sleeve, a reciprocating push plate, a material baffle plate, a baffle plate sliding groove, a garbage baffle plate, a side plate, a short shaft, a hinge rod, a sliding block, a rectangular spring rod, a spring seat plate, a vertical support plate and a compression spring I; the left end and the right end of the lower end of the compression box body are respectively fixedly connected with a vertical supporting plate and a spring seat plate, and the compression box body is fixedly connected to the bottom plate through the vertical supporting plate and the spring seat plate; the crushing barrel comprises a compression box body, a crushing barrel body, a blanking seat, a rectangular sliding sleeve, a reciprocating push plate, a baffle plate and a limiting plate, wherein the blanking seat is fixedly connected to the upper end of the compression box body and is communicated with the interior of the compression box body; the front end and the rear end of the right end of the compression box body are respectively provided with a baffle sliding groove, the inner ends of the two garbage baffles are respectively fixedly connected with a limiting block, the two garbage baffles are respectively connected in the two baffle sliding grooves in a sliding manner, the inner end faces of the two garbage baffles are attached, the outer ends of the two garbage baffles are respectively fixedly connected with an edge plate, the lower ends of the two edge plates are respectively fixedly connected with a short shaft, the outer ends of the two hinge rods are respectively hinged to the two short shafts, the inner ends of the two hinge rods are respectively hinged to the two ends of the slider, the middle end of the slider is connected to the spring rod in a sliding manner, the two ends of the rectangular spring rod are respectively fixedly connected to the spring seat plate and; the garbage collection box is positioned below the right end of the compression box body; the bevel gear rotating shaft frame and the gear rotating shaft frame are both fixedly connected to the compression box body;
the power transmission wheel comprises a motor, a driving belt wheel, a driven belt wheel, a driving belt wheel III, a driven shaft and a transmission shaft frame; the motor passes through motor frame fixed connection on the bottom plate, and driving pulley fixed connection is on the output shaft of motor, and driving pulley passes through the belt transmission with driven pulley and is connected, and driven pulley and driving pulley III difference fixed connection are at the both ends of driven shaft, and the middle-end of driven shaft passes through the tape seat bearing and rotates to be connected on the transmission pedestal, and transmission pedestal fixed connection is on the compression case body, and driving pulley III passes through the belt transmission with driving pulley III and is connected.
The lower end of the conveyor belt body is positioned below the bottom plate.
The garbage crushing barrel further comprises an outer gear ring, a ring frame, a cutting knife and a gear; the right-hand member of outer ring gear rotates through the rolling bearing and connects at the left end of broken section of thick bamboo body, a plurality of cutting knives of fixedly connected with between the left end of outer ring gear and the ring frame, and the left end of helical blade pivot is rotated through the rolling bearing and is connected on the ring frame, and gear fixed connection is at the middle-end of gear shaft, gear and outer ring gear meshing transmission.
The power transmission wheel also comprises an incomplete gear, an L-shaped push rod, a chute frame, a rectangular through groove, a rack, a rectangular plate, a linkage plate, a cylindrical rod, a compression spring II and a spring rod chute; the incomplete gear is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the motor, a transverse plate of the L-shaped push rod is fixedly connected to the reciprocating push plate, a vertical rod of the L-shaped push rod is fixedly connected to the chute frame, a rectangular through groove is formed in the chute frame, a rack is fixedly connected to the front end face of the chute frame, and the incomplete gear is in meshing transmission with the rack; the left end and the right end of the lower end of the chute frame are respectively fixedly connected with a rectangular plate and a linkage plate, a cylindrical rod is fixedly connected between the rectangular plate and the linkage plate, and a compression spring II is sleeved on the cylindrical rod; the linkage plate is provided with a spring rod sliding groove, the spring rod sliding groove is located above the cylindrical rod, the rectangular spring rod is connected in the spring rod sliding groove in a sliding mode, the upper end of the vertical supporting plate is connected in the rectangular through groove in a sliding mode, the lower end of the vertical supporting plate is connected to the cylindrical rod in a sliding mode, and the compression spring II is located between the rectangular plate and the vertical supporting plate.
The conveyor belt body is provided with a plurality of water filtering holes.
The cleaning device for the water surface garbage floater has the beneficial effects that:
the invention relates to a cleaning device for water surface garbage floaters, which has the functions of collecting marine garbage, crushing marine massive garbage, compressing the garbage and purifying marine ecological environment, the marine garbage is collected by a garbage conveyor belt, and the collected marine massive garbage is crushed into small garbage by a cutting knife, so that the crushed garbage is conveniently compressed and buried, meanwhile, the small garbage is conveniently decomposed, the marine garbage cleaning efficiency is improved, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, the marine garbage treatment cost is reduced, and the cleaning device is practical and environment-friendly.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a first schematic structural diagram of a cleaning device for floating garbage on water surface according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a second schematic structural view of a device for cleaning floating garbage on water according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a base;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a waste conveyor;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a portion of the waste conveyor belt;
FIG. 6 is a first schematic structural view of a garbage crushing can;
FIG. 7 is a second schematic structural view of a garbage can;
FIG. 8 is a first schematic structural view of the trash compression bin;
FIG. 9 is a partial schematic view I of the garbage compression box;
FIG. 10 is a second partial schematic view of the trash compactor;
FIG. 11 is a second schematic structural view of the trash compactor;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of a power transmission wheel;
fig. 13 is a schematic view of the matching structure of the garbage compression box and the power transmission wheel.
In the figure: a base 1; a bottom plate 1-1; a rectangular frame 1-2; 1-3 of an L-shaped lower fixing frame; a fixing frame 1-4 is arranged on the conveying belt; 1-5 of a screw seat plate; a garbage conveyor belt 2; an upper roller shaft 2-1; a lower roller shaft 2-2; an upper roller 2-3; 2-4 of a lower roller; 2-5 of a conveyor belt body; 2-6 parts of a baffle plate; 2-7 of side baffle plates; a transmission belt wheel I2-8; 2-9 of a driving chain wheel; 2-10 parts of a driven chain wheel; a driving belt wheel I2-11; a garbage crushing can 3; 3-1 of a crushing cylinder body; a cartridge holder 3-2; 3-3 of a feeding seat; 3-4 parts of an outer gear ring; 3-5 of a ring frame; 3-6 of a cutting knife; 3-7 of a helical blade rotating shaft; 3-8 parts of spiral conveying blades; a transmission belt pulley II 3-9; 3-10 parts of a driving belt wheel III; 3-11 parts of driven bevel gears; 3-12 parts of a bevel gear rotating shaft; 3-13 of bevel gear wheel rotating shaft bracket; 3-14 parts of a driving bevel gear; driving belt wheels II 3-15; 3-16 parts of a gear rotating shaft; gears 3-17; 3-18 parts of gear wheel rotating shaft bracket; a garbage compression box 4; compressing the box body 4-1; a blanking seat 4-2; 4-3 of a rectangular sliding sleeve; 4-4 of a reciprocating push plate; 4-5 of a material baffle plate; 4-6 of baffle chutes; 4-7 of a garbage baffle plate; 4-8 of side plates; the short shaft is 4-9; hinge rods 4-10; 4-11 of a slide block; 4-12 of rectangular spring rods; 4-13 parts of spring seat plate; 4-14 parts of vertical support plates; 4-15 parts of a compression spring I; a power transmission wheel 5; a motor 5-1; a driving pulley 5-2; 5-3 parts of an incomplete gear; 5-4 parts of a driven belt wheel; 5-5 parts of a driving belt wheel; 5-6 parts of a driven shaft; 5-7 parts of a transmission shaft bracket; 5-8 parts of an L-shaped push rod; 5-9 of a chute frame; 5-10 rectangular through grooves; 5-11 of racks; 5-12 parts of rectangular plate; 5-13 parts of linkage plate; 5-14 parts of cylindrical rod; 5-15 parts of a compression spring II; 5-16 spring rod chutes; a garbage collection box 6.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to figures 1-13 and the specific implementation.
The first embodiment is as follows:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1-13, and the cleaning device for garbage floating objects on the water surface comprises a base 1, a garbage conveyor belt 2, a garbage crushing barrel 3, a garbage compression box 4, a power transmission wheel 5 and a garbage collection box 6, wherein the base 1 comprises a bottom plate 1-1, a rectangular frame 1-2, an L-shaped lower fixing frame 1-3, an upper fixing frame 1-4 of the conveyor belt and a screw seat plate 1-5; the lower end face of a rectangular frame 1-2 is fixedly connected to a bottom plate 1-1, the joint of the rectangular frame 1-2 and the bottom plate 1-1 is in arc transition, transverse plates of two L-shaped lower fixing frames 1-3 are fixedly connected to the front end face of the rectangular frame 1-2, two conveying belt upper fixing frames 1-4 are fixedly connected to the right end of the bottom plate 1-1, a garbage collection box 6 is fixedly connected to the right end of the bottom plate 1-1, and the garbage collection box 6 is positioned at the rear end of the two conveying belt upper fixing frames 1-4; the right end of the rectangular frame 1-2 is fixedly connected with a screw seat plate 1-5, and the screw seat plate 1-5 is provided with two circular through holes; when the base 1 is used, fastening bolts are inserted into the two circular through holes on the screw seat plates 1-5 to fix the ship body on one side of the ship body, and a plurality of the screw seat plates can be arranged and respectively fixed on two side ends of the ship body; the bottom plate 1-1 is positioned at the waterline position of the ship body, the rectangular frame 1-2 prevents seawater from immersing into a space formed by the bottom plate 1-1 and the rectangular frame 1-2, the vertical rods of the two L-shaped lower fixing frames 1-3 penetrate into the lower part of the sea level, and the garbage collection box 6 is used for collecting crushed and compressed garbage.
The garbage conveyor belt 2 comprises an upper roller shaft 2-1, a lower roller shaft 2-2, an upper roller 2-3, a lower roller 2-4, a conveyor belt body 2-5, a baffle 2-6, a side baffle 2-7, a transmission belt wheel I2-8, a driving chain wheel 2-9, a driven chain wheel 2-10 and a driving belt wheel I2-11; two ends of an upper roller shaft 2-1 are respectively and rotatably connected on two upper fixing frames 1-4 of the conveying belt through bearings with seats, two ends of a lower roller shaft 2-2 are respectively and rotatably connected on vertical plates of two L-shaped lower fixing frames 1-3 through bearings with seats, an upper roller 2-3 and a lower roller 2-4 are respectively and fixedly connected on the upper roller shaft 2-1 and the lower roller shaft 2-2, the upper roller 2-3 and the lower roller 2-4 are in transmission connection through a conveying belt body 2-5, a plurality of baffle plates 2-6 are uniformly and fixedly connected on the conveying belt body 2-5, a transmission belt wheel I2-8 and a driving chain wheel 2-9 are fixedly connected at one end of the upper roller shaft 2-1, and a driving belt wheel I2-11 is fixedly connected at the other end of the upper roller shaft 2-1, the driving chain wheels 2-9 are connected with the driven chain wheels 2-10 through chain transmission, and the driven chain wheels 2-10 are fixedly connected to the lower roller shaft 2-2; the upper ends of the two side baffles 2-7 are rotatably connected to the upper roller shaft 2-1 through bearings with seats, the lower ends of the two side baffles 2-7 are rotatably connected to the lower roller shaft 2-2 through bearings with seats, and the inner side surfaces of the two side baffles 2-7 are respectively attached to two end surfaces of the conveyor belt body 2-5; when the garbage conveyor belt 2 is used, the lower end of the conveyor belt body 2-5 extends to the position below the sea level, the transmission belt pulley I2-8 rotates anticlockwise to drive the upper roller shaft 2-1 to rotate, the upper roller shaft 2-1 drives the driving chain wheel 2-9, the upper roller 2-3 and the driving belt pulley I2-11 to rotate, the conveyor belt body 2-5 is driven to rotate anticlockwise under the combined action of the upper roller 2-3 and the lower roller 2-4, garbage and floating objects in water are conveyed upwards through the operated conveyor belt body 2-5 and the plurality of baffles 2-6, the baffles 2-6 prevent marine floating objects on the conveyor belt body 2-5 from sliding into the water, and the two side baffles 2-7 prevent garbage from sliding from two sides of the conveyor belt.
The garbage crushing cylinder 3 comprises a crushing cylinder body 3-1, a cylinder support 3-2, a feeding seat 3-3, a spiral blade rotating shaft 3-7, a spiral conveying blade 3-8, a driving belt wheel II 3-9, a driving belt wheel III 3-10, a driven bevel gear 3-11, a bevel gear rotating shaft 3-12, a bevel gear rotating shaft support 3-13, a driving bevel gear 3-14, a driving belt wheel II 3-15, a gear rotating shaft 3-16 and a gear rotating shaft support 3-18; the crushing cylinder body 3-1 is fixedly connected between the fixing frames 1-4 on the two conveying belts through the cylinder support 3-2, the feeding seat 3-3 is fixedly connected at the right end of the upper end of the crushing cylinder body 3-1, the feeding seat 3-3 is communicated with the inside of the crushing cylinder body 3-1, the feeding seat 3-3 is positioned below the upper end of the conveying belt body 2-5, the right end of a spiral blade rotating shaft 3-7 is rotatably connected at the right end of the crushing cylinder body 3-1 through a bearing with a seat, a spiral conveying blade 3-8 and a driving belt wheel II 3-9 are both fixedly connected on the spiral blade rotating shaft 3-7, the spiral conveying blade 3-8 is positioned in the crushing cylinder body 3-1, the driving belt wheel II 3-9 is positioned at the right side of the crushing cylinder body 3-1, and the driving belt wheel II 3-9 is in driving connection with the driving belt wheel I; the driving belt wheels III 3-10 and the driven bevel gears 3-11 are respectively and fixedly connected to two ends of a bevel gear rotating shaft 3-12, and the bevel gear rotating shafts 3-12 are rotatably connected to bevel gear rotating shaft frames 3-13 through belt seat bearings; the driven bevel gear 3-11 is in meshed transmission with the driving bevel gear 3-14, the driving bevel gear 3-14 and the driving belt wheel II 3-15 are respectively and fixedly connected to two ends of a gear rotating shaft 3-16, the gear rotating shaft 3-16 is rotatably connected to a gear rotating shaft frame 3-18 through a belt seat bearing, and the driving belt wheel II 3-15 is in meshed transmission with the driving belt wheel I2-8; when the garbage crushing cylinder 3 is used, garbage conveyed upwards under the driving of the conveyor belt body 2-5 and the plurality of baffles 2-6 falls into the crushing cylinder body 3-1 through the feeding seat 3-3 under the action of gravity, the driving belt wheel III 3-10 rotates clockwise to drive the bevel gear rotating shaft 3-12 to rotate, the bevel gear rotating shaft 3-12 drives the driven bevel gear 3-11 to rotate clockwise, the driven bevel gear 3-11 drives the driving bevel gear 3-14 to rotate anticlockwise, the driving bevel gear 3-14 drives the gear rotating shaft 3-16 to rotate, the gear rotating shaft 3-16 drives the driving belt wheel II 3-15 to rotate anticlockwise, the driving belt wheel II 3-15 drives the driving belt wheel I2-8 to rotate anticlockwise through a belt, the driving belt wheel I2-11 drives the driving belt wheel II 3-9 to rotate through a belt, the driving belt wheels II 3-9 drive the helical blade rotating shafts 3-7 to rotate, the helical blade rotating shafts 3-7 drive the helical conveying blades 3-8 to rotate, and the helical conveying blades 3-8 convey the garbage in the crushing cylinder body 3-1 to the left end in the rotating process.
The garbage compression box 4 comprises a compression box body 4-1, a blanking seat 4-2, a rectangular sliding sleeve 4-3, a reciprocating push plate 4-4, a material baffle 4-5, a baffle sliding groove 4-6, a garbage baffle 4-7, a side plate 4-8, a short shaft 4-9, a hinged rod 4-10, a sliding block 4-11, a rectangular spring rod 4-12, a spring seat plate 4-13, a vertical support plate 4-14 and a compression spring I4-15; the left end and the right end of the lower end of the compression box body 4-1 are respectively and fixedly connected with a vertical support plate 4-14 and a spring seat plate 4-13, and the compression box body 4-1 is fixedly connected to the bottom plate 1-1 through the vertical support plate 4-14 and the spring seat plate 4-13; the upper end of the compression box body 4-1 is fixedly connected with a blanking seat 4-2, the blanking seat 4-2 is communicated with the interior of the compression box body 4-1, the blanking seat 4-2 is positioned below the left end of the crushing barrel body 3-1, the left end and the right end of the compression box body 4-1 are both hollowed out, the left end of the compression box body 4-1 is fixedly connected with a rectangular sliding sleeve 4-3, a reciprocating push plate 4-4 is slidably connected with the left end of the interior of the compression box body 4-1, the upper end of the reciprocating push plate 4-4 is fixedly connected with a striker plate 4-5, the striker plate 4-5 is slidably connected in the rectangular sliding sleeve 4-3, and the left end of the striker plate 4-5 is fixedly connected with a limiting; the front end and the rear end of the right end of the compression box body 4-1 are respectively provided with a baffle sliding groove 4-6, the inner ends of the two garbage baffles 4-7 are respectively fixedly connected with a limiting block, the two garbage baffles 4-7 are respectively connected in the two baffle sliding grooves 4-6 in a sliding manner, the inner end faces of the two garbage baffles 4-7 are attached, the outer ends of the two garbage baffles 4-7 are respectively fixedly connected with an edge plate 4-8, the lower ends of the two edge plates 4-8 are respectively fixedly connected with a short shaft 4-9, the outer ends of the two hinge rods 4-10 are respectively hinged on the two short shafts 4-9, the inner ends of the two hinge rods 4-10 are respectively hinged at the two ends of a sliding block 4-11, the middle end of the sliding block 4-11 is connected on a spring seat plate 4-12 in a sliding manner, the two ends of a rectangular spring rod 4-, a compression spring I4-15 is sleeved on the rectangular spring rod 4-12 between the sliding block 4-11 and the spring seat plate 4-13; the garbage collection box 6 is positioned below the right end of the compression box body 4-1; the bevel gear rotary shaft frame 3-13 and the gear rotary shaft frame 3-18 are fixedly connected to the compression box body 4-1; when the garbage compression box 4 is used, garbage conveyed to the left in the crushing cylinder body 3-1 falls into the compression box body 4-1 through the blanking seat 4-2 under the action of gravity, the reciprocating push plate 4-4 extrudes and compresses the garbage when sliding to the right, the baffle plate 4-5 is driven to slide to the right when the reciprocating push plate 4-4 slides to the right, the baffle plate 4-5 slides to the right and is blocked at the lower end of the blanking seat 4-2, so that the garbage is accumulated in the blanking seat 4-2, the falling garbage is prevented from falling into a space at the left end of the reciprocating push plate 4-4, and the situation that the uncompressed garbage is pushed out of the compression box body 4-1 to the left by the reciprocating push plate 4-4 when returning is avoided; when the sliding block 4-11 is forced to slide rightwards, the compression spring I4-15 is compressed, the inner ends of the two hinged rods 4-10 slide rightwards simultaneously, the outer ends of the two hinged rods 4-10 are unfolded outwards, the two hinged rods 4-10 drive the two garbage baffles 4-7 to slide outwards through the short shafts 4-9 and the side plates 4-8 respectively, and compressed garbage can be discharged and fall into the garbage collection box 6 under the action of gravity to be collected; when the sliding blocks 4-11 are not subjected to external force, the sliding blocks 4-11 are driven to return under the action of the elastic force of the compression springs I4-15, and meanwhile, the two garbage baffles 4-7 slide inwards to return.
The power transmission wheel 5 comprises a motor 5-1, a driving belt wheel 5-2, a driven belt wheel 5-4, a driving belt wheel III 5-5, a driven shaft 5-6 and a transmission shaft bracket 5-7; the motor 5-1 is fixedly connected to the bottom plate 1-1 through a motor frame, the driving belt wheel 5-2 is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the motor 5-1, the driving belt wheel 5-2 is in transmission connection with the driven belt wheel 5-4 through a belt, the driven belt wheel 5-4 and the driving belt wheel III 5-5 are respectively and fixedly connected to two ends of the driven shaft 5-6, the middle end of the driven shaft 5-6 is rotatably connected to the transmission shaft frame 5-7 through a belt bearing, the transmission shaft frame 5-7 is fixedly connected to the compression box body 4-1, and the driving belt wheel III 5-5 is in transmission connection with the transmission belt wheel III 3-10 through a belt. When the power transmission wheel 5 is used, the motor 5-1 is connected with a power supply and a control switch through a lead and is started, the motor 5-1 drives the driving belt wheel 5-2 to rotate clockwise, the driving belt wheel 5-2 drives the driven belt wheel 5-4 to rotate through a belt, the driven belt wheel 5-4 drives the driven shaft 5-6 to rotate, the driven shaft 5-6 drives the driving belt wheel III 5-5 to rotate clockwise, and the driving belt wheel III 5-5 drives the transmission belt wheel III 3-10 to rotate clockwise through the belt.
The second embodiment is as follows:
the present embodiment will be described with reference to fig. 1-13, wherein the lower end of the conveyor belt body 2-5 is located below the bottom plate 1-1, so that the lower end of the conveyor belt body 2-5 is located below the sea level, which is convenient for taking up the garbage and floating objects on the sea.
The third concrete implementation mode:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 13, and the garbage crushing cylinder 3 further comprises an outer gear ring 3-4, a circular ring frame 3-5, a cutting knife 3-6 and a gear 3-17; the right end of an outer gear ring 3-4 is rotatably connected to the left end of a crushing barrel body 3-1 through a bearing with a seat, a plurality of cutting knives 3-6 are fixedly connected between the left end of the outer gear ring 3-4 and a ring frame 3-5, the left end of a helical blade rotating shaft 3-7 is rotatably connected to the ring frame 3-5 through the bearing with the seat, a gear 3-17 is fixedly connected to the middle end of a gear rotating shaft 3-16, and the gear 3-17 is in meshing transmission with the outer gear ring 3-4. When the garbage crushing barrel 3 is used, the gear rotating shaft 3-16 drives the gear 3-17 to rotate, the gear 3-17 drives the outer gear ring 3-4 to rotate, the outer gear ring 3-4 drives the plurality of cutting knives 3-6 to rotate, when the plurality of cutting knives 3-6 rotate, the garbage conveyed to the left in the crushing barrel body 3-1 is cut and crushed, and the garbage after cutting and crushing treatment falls into the blanking seat 4-2.
The fourth concrete implementation mode:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 13, and the power transmission wheel 5 further includes an incomplete gear 5-3, an L-shaped push rod 5-8, a chute frame 5-9, a rectangular through groove 5-10, a rack 5-11, a rectangular plate 5-12, a linkage plate 5-13, a cylindrical rod 5-14, a compression spring ii 5-15, and a spring rod chute 5-16; an incomplete gear 5-3 is fixedly connected to an output shaft of a motor 5-1, a transverse plate of an L-shaped push rod 5-8 is fixedly connected to a reciprocating push plate 4-4, a vertical rod of the L-shaped push rod 5-8 is fixedly connected to a chute frame 5-9, a rectangular through groove 5-10 is formed in the chute frame 5-9, a rack 5-11 is fixedly connected to the front end face of the chute frame 5-9, and the incomplete gear 5-3 is in meshing transmission with the rack 5-11; the left end and the right end of the lower end of the chute frame 5-9 are respectively and fixedly connected with a rectangular plate 5-12 and a linkage plate 5-13, a cylindrical rod 5-14 is fixedly connected between the rectangular plate 5-12 and the linkage plate 5-13, and a compression spring II 5-15 is sleeved on the cylindrical rod 5-14; the linkage plate 5-13 is provided with spring rod sliding grooves 5-16, the spring rod sliding grooves 5-16 are positioned above the cylindrical rods 5-14, the rectangular spring rods 4-12 are connected in the spring rod sliding grooves 5-16 in a sliding mode, the upper ends of the vertical supporting plates 4-14 are connected in the rectangular through grooves 5-10 in a sliding mode, the lower ends of the vertical supporting plates 4-14 are connected on the cylindrical rods 5-14 in a sliding mode, and the compression springs II 5-15 are positioned between the rectangular plate 5-12 and the vertical supporting plates 4-14. When the power transmission wheel 5 is used, the motor 5-1 drives the incomplete gear 5-3 to rotate clockwise, when the incomplete gear 5-3 is meshed with the rack 5-11 for transmission, the rack 5-11 is driven to move rightwards, the rack 5-11 drives the chute frame 5-9 and the L-shaped push rod 5-8 to move rightwards, the L-shaped push rod 5-8 drives the reciprocating push plate 4-4 to move rightwards to extrude and compress crushed garbage, meanwhile, the rack 5-11 drives the rectangular plate 5-12, the linkage plate 5-13 and the cylindrical rod 5-14 to slide rightwards, after the garbage is compressed to a certain degree, the linkage plate 5-13 slides rightwards to contact with the slide block 4-11 and extrude the slide block 4-11 rightwards, the two garbage baffles 4-7 are opened to push the compressed garbage rightwards under the action of the reciprocating push plate 4-4, during the process, the compression springs II 5-15 are compressed, when the incomplete gear 5-3 is disengaged from the racks 5-11, the rectangular plate 5-12, the linkage plate 5-13, the racks 5-11, the chute frame 5-9, the L-shaped push rod 5-8 and the reciprocating push plate 4-4 can be reset under the action of the elastic force of the compression springs II 5-15, and after the linkage plate 5-13 is separated from the slide blocks 4-11, the two slide blocks 4-11 are also reset, so that the garbage in the compression box body 4-1 is compressed and discharged in a circulating manner.
The fifth concrete implementation mode:
in the following, referring to fig. 1 to 13, the conveyor belt bodies 2 to 5 are provided with a plurality of drainage holes for draining seawater.
The invention relates to a cleaning device for water surface garbage floaters, which has the working principle that:
when the device is used, when the base 1 is used, fastening bolts are inserted into the two circular through holes on the screw seat plates 1-5 to fix the device on one side of a ship body, and a plurality of the devices can be arranged and respectively fixed on two side ends of the ship body; the bottom plate 1-1 is positioned at the waterline position of the ship body, the rectangular frame 1-2 prevents seawater from immersing into a space formed by the bottom plate 1-1 and the rectangular frame 1-2, the vertical rods of the two L-shaped lower fixing frames 1-3 penetrate into the lower part of the sea level, and the garbage collection box 6 is used for collecting crushed and compressed garbage. When the garbage conveyor belt 2 is used, the lower end of the conveyor belt body 2-5 extends to the position below the sea level, the transmission belt pulley I2-8 rotates anticlockwise to drive the upper roller shaft 2-1 to rotate, the upper roller shaft 2-1 drives the driving chain wheel 2-9, the upper roller 2-3 and the driving belt pulley I2-11 to rotate, the conveyor belt body 2-5 is driven to rotate anticlockwise under the combined action of the upper roller 2-3 and the lower roller 2-4, garbage and floating objects in water are conveyed upwards through the operated conveyor belt body 2-5 and the plurality of baffles 2-6, the baffles 2-6 prevent marine floating objects on the conveyor belt body 2-5 from sliding into the water, and the two side baffles 2-7 prevent garbage from sliding from two sides of the conveyor belt. When the garbage crushing cylinder 3 is used, garbage conveyed upwards under the driving of the conveyor belt body 2-5 and the plurality of baffles 2-6 falls into the crushing cylinder body 3-1 through the feeding seat 3-3 under the action of gravity, the driving belt wheel III 3-10 rotates clockwise to drive the bevel gear rotating shaft 3-12 to rotate, the bevel gear rotating shaft 3-12 drives the driven bevel gear 3-11 to rotate clockwise, the driven bevel gear 3-11 drives the driving bevel gear 3-14 to rotate anticlockwise, the driving bevel gear 3-14 drives the gear rotating shaft 3-16 to rotate, the gear rotating shaft 3-16 drives the driving belt wheel II 3-15 to rotate anticlockwise, the driving belt wheel II 3-15 drives the driving belt wheel I2-8 to rotate anticlockwise through a belt, the driving belt wheel I2-11 drives the driving belt wheel II 3-9 to rotate through a belt, the driving belt wheels II 3-9 drive the helical blade rotating shafts 3-7 to rotate, the helical blade rotating shafts 3-7 drive the helical conveying blades 3-8 to rotate, and the helical conveying blades 3-8 convey the garbage in the crushing cylinder body 3-1 to the left end in the rotating process. When the garbage compression box 4 is used, garbage conveyed to the left in the crushing cylinder body 3-1 falls into the compression box body 4-1 through the blanking seat 4-2 under the action of gravity, the reciprocating push plate 4-4 extrudes and compresses the garbage when sliding to the right, the baffle plate 4-5 is driven to slide to the right when the reciprocating push plate 4-4 slides to the right, the baffle plate 4-5 slides to the right and is blocked at the lower end of the blanking seat 4-2, so that the garbage is accumulated in the blanking seat 4-2, the falling garbage is prevented from falling into a space at the left end of the reciprocating push plate 4-4, and the situation that the uncompressed garbage is pushed out of the compression box body 4-1 to the left by the reciprocating push plate 4-4 when returning is avoided; when the sliding block 4-11 is forced to slide rightwards, the compression spring I4-15 is compressed, the inner ends of the two hinged rods 4-10 slide rightwards simultaneously, the outer ends of the two hinged rods 4-10 are unfolded outwards, the two hinged rods 4-10 drive the two garbage baffles 4-7 to slide outwards through the short shafts 4-9 and the side plates 4-8 respectively, and compressed garbage can be discharged and fall into the garbage collection box 6 under the action of gravity to be collected; when the sliding blocks 4-11 are not subjected to external force, the sliding blocks 4-11 are driven to return under the action of the elastic force of the compression springs I4-15, and meanwhile, the two garbage baffles 4-7 slide inwards to return. When the power transmission wheel 5 is used, the motor 5-1 is connected with a power supply and a control switch through a lead and is started, the motor 5-1 drives the clockwise driving belt wheel 5-2 to rotate, the driving belt wheel 5-2 drives the driven belt wheel 5-4 to rotate through a belt, the driven belt wheel 5-4 drives the driven shaft 5-6 to rotate, the driven shaft 5-6 drives the driving belt wheel III 5-5 to rotate clockwise, and the driving belt wheel III 5-5 drives the driving belt wheel III 3-10 to rotate clockwise through the belt. When the garbage crushing barrel 3 is used, the gear rotating shaft 3-16 drives the gear 3-17 to rotate, the gear 3-17 drives the outer gear ring 3-4 to rotate, the outer gear ring 3-4 drives the plurality of cutting knives 3-6 to rotate, when the plurality of cutting knives 3-6 rotate, the garbage conveyed to the left in the crushing barrel body 3-1 is cut and crushed, and the garbage after cutting and crushing treatment falls into the blanking seat 4-2. When the power transmission wheel 5 is used, the motor 5-1 drives the incomplete gear 5-3 to rotate clockwise, when the incomplete gear 5-3 is meshed with the rack 5-11 for transmission, the rack 5-11 is driven to move rightwards, the rack 5-11 drives the chute frame 5-9 and the L-shaped push rod 5-8 to move rightwards, the L-shaped push rod 5-8 drives the reciprocating push plate 4-4 to move rightwards to extrude and compress crushed garbage, meanwhile, the rack 5-11 drives the rectangular plate 5-12, the linkage plate 5-13 and the cylindrical rod 5-14 to slide rightwards, after the garbage is compressed to a certain degree, the linkage plate 5-13 slides rightwards to contact with the slide block 4-11 and extrude the slide block 4-11 rightwards, the two garbage baffles 4-7 are opened to push the compressed garbage rightwards under the action of the reciprocating push plate 4-4, during the process, the compression springs II 5-15 are compressed, when the incomplete gear 5-3 is disengaged from the racks 5-11, the rectangular plate 5-12, the linkage plate 5-13, the racks 5-11, the chute frame 5-9, the L-shaped push rod 5-8 and the reciprocating push plate 4-4 can be reset under the action of the elastic force of the compression springs II 5-15, and after the linkage plate 5-13 is separated from the slide blocks 4-11, the two slide blocks 4-11 are also reset, so that the garbage in the compression box body 4-1 is compressed and discharged in a circulating manner.
It is to be understood that the above description is not intended to limit the present invention, and the present invention is not limited to the above examples, and that various changes, modifications, additions and substitutions which are within the spirit and scope of the present invention and which may be made by those skilled in the art are also within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides a cleaning device of surface of water rubbish floater, includes base (1), rubbish conveyer belt (2), the broken section of thick bamboo of rubbish (3), rubbish compression case (4), power transmission wheel (5) and garbage collection box (6), its characterized in that: the base (1) comprises a bottom plate (1-1), a rectangular frame (1-2), an L-shaped lower fixing frame (1-3), a conveying belt upper fixing frame (1-4) and a screw seat plate (1-5); the lower end face of a rectangular frame (1-2) is fixedly connected to a bottom plate (1-1), the joint of the rectangular frame (1-2) and the bottom plate (1-1) is in arc transition, transverse plates of two L-shaped lower fixing frames (1-3) are fixedly connected to the front end face of the rectangular frame (1-2), two upper fixing frames (1-4) of a conveying belt are fixedly connected to the right end of the bottom plate (1-1), a garbage collecting box (6) is fixedly connected to the right end of the bottom plate (1-1), and the garbage collecting box (6) is located at the rear end of the two upper fixing frames (1-4) of the conveying belt; the right end of the rectangular frame (1-2) is fixedly connected with a screw seat plate (1-5), and the screw seat plate (1-5) is provided with two circular through holes;
the garbage conveyor belt (2) comprises an upper roller shaft (2-1), a lower roller shaft (2-2), an upper roller (2-3), a lower roller (2-4), a conveyor belt body (2-5), a baffle (2-6), a side baffle (2-7), a transmission belt wheel I (2-8), a driving chain wheel (2-9), a driven chain wheel (2-10) and a driving belt wheel I (2-11); two ends of an upper roller shaft (2-1) are respectively and rotatably connected to two upper fixing frames (1-4) of the conveying belt, two ends of a lower roller shaft (2-2) are respectively and rotatably connected to vertical plates of two L-shaped lower fixing frames (1-3), an upper roller (2-3) and a lower roller (2-4) are respectively and fixedly connected to the upper roller shaft (2-1) and the lower roller shaft (2-2), the upper roller (2-3) and the lower roller (2-4) are in transmission connection through a conveying belt body (2-5), a plurality of baffle plates (2-6) are uniformly and fixedly connected to the conveying belt body (2-5), a transmission belt pulley I (2-8) and a driving chain wheel (2-9) are fixedly connected to one end of the upper roller shaft (2-1), and a driving belt pulley I (2-11) is fixedly connected to the other end of the upper roller shaft (2-1), the driving chain wheels (2-9) are connected with the driven chain wheels (2-10) through chain transmission, and the driven chain wheels (2-10) are fixedly connected to the lower roller shaft (2-2); the upper ends of the two side baffles (2-7) are rotatably connected to the upper roller shaft (2-1), the lower ends of the two side baffles (2-7) are rotatably connected to the lower roller shaft (2-2), and the inner side surfaces of the two side baffles (2-7) are respectively attached to the two end surfaces of the conveyor belt body (2-5);
the garbage crushing cylinder (3) comprises a crushing cylinder body (3-1), a cylinder support (3-2), a feeding seat (3-3), a helical blade rotating shaft (3-7), helical conveying blades (3-8), a transmission belt wheel II (3-9), a transmission belt wheel III (3-10), a driven bevel gear (3-11), a bevel gear rotating shaft (3-12), a bevel gear rotating shaft frame (3-13), a driving bevel gear (3-14), a driving belt wheel II (3-15), a gear rotating shaft (3-16) and a gear rotating shaft frame (3-18); the crushing cylinder body (3-1) is fixedly connected between the two fixing frames (1-4) on the conveying belts through the cylinder support (3-2), the feeding seat (3-3) is fixedly connected at the right end of the upper end of the crushing cylinder body (3-1), the feeding seat (3-3) is communicated with the inside of the crushing cylinder body (3-1), the feeding seat (3-3) is positioned below the upper end of the conveying belt body (2-5), the right end of the helical blade rotating shaft (3-7) is rotatably connected at the right end of the crushing cylinder body (3-1), the helical conveying blade (3-8) and the transmission belt pulley II (3-9) are both fixedly connected on the helical blade rotating shaft (3-7), the helical conveying blade (3-8) is positioned in the crushing cylinder body (3-1), the transmission belt pulley II (3-9) is positioned at the right side of the crushing cylinder body (3-1), the driving belt wheels II (3-9) are in transmission connection with the driving belt wheels I (2-11) through belt belts; the driving belt wheels III (3-10) and the driven bevel gears (3-11) are respectively and fixedly connected to two ends of bevel gear rotating shafts (3-12), and the bevel gear rotating shafts (3-12) are rotationally connected to bevel gear rotating shaft frames (3-13); the driven bevel gears (3-11) are in meshing transmission with the driving bevel gears (3-14), the driving bevel gears (3-14) and the driving belt wheels (3-15) are respectively and fixedly connected to two ends of gear rotating shafts (3-16), the gear rotating shafts (3-16) are rotatably connected to gear rotating shaft frames (3-18), and the driving belt wheels (3-15) are in meshing transmission with the driving belt wheels I (2-8);
the garbage compression box (4) comprises a compression box body (4-1), a blanking seat (4-2), a rectangular sliding sleeve (4-3), a reciprocating push plate (4-4), a material baffle plate (4-5), a baffle sliding chute (4-6), a garbage baffle plate (4-7), a side plate (4-8), a short shaft (4-9), a hinged rod (4-10), a sliding block (4-11), a rectangular spring rod (4-12), a spring seat plate (4-13), a vertical support plate (4-14) and a compression spring I (4-15); the left end and the right end of the lower end of the compression box body (4-1) are respectively and fixedly connected with a vertical support plate (4-14) and a spring seat plate (4-13), and the compression box body (4-1) is fixedly connected to the bottom plate (1-1) through the vertical support plate (4-14) and the spring seat plate (4-13); the upper end of the compression box body (4-1) is fixedly connected with a blanking seat (4-2), the blanking seat (4-2) is communicated with the inside of the compression box body (4-1), the blanking seat (4-2) is positioned below the left end of the crushing cylinder body (3-1), the left end and the right end of the compression box body (4-1) are hollow, the left end of the compression box body (4-1) is fixedly connected with a rectangular sliding sleeve (4-3), a reciprocating push plate (4-4) is slidably connected with the left end of the inside of the compression box body (4-1), the upper end of the reciprocating push plate (4-4) is fixedly connected with a material baffle plate (4-5), the material baffle plate (4-5) is slidably connected in the rectangular sliding sleeve (4-3), and the left end of the material baffle plate (4-5) is fixedly connected with a limiting plate; the front end and the rear end of the right end of the compression box body (4-1) are respectively provided with a baffle sliding groove (4-6), the inner ends of the two garbage baffles (4-7) are respectively fixedly connected with a limiting block, the two garbage baffles (4-7) are respectively connected in the two baffle sliding grooves (4-6) in a sliding manner, the inner end surfaces of the two garbage baffles (4-7) are jointed, the outer ends of the two garbage baffles (4-7) are respectively fixedly connected with side plates (4-8), the lower ends of the two side plates (4-8) are respectively fixedly connected with short shafts (4-9), the outer ends of the two hinge rods (4-10) are respectively hinged on the two short shafts (4-9), the inner ends of the two hinge rods (4-10) are respectively hinged on the two ends of the sliding blocks (4-11), and the middle ends of the sliding blocks (4-11) are respectively connected on the rectangular, two ends of the rectangular spring rod (4-12) are respectively and fixedly connected to the spring seat plate (4-13) and the vertical support plate (4-14), and the rectangular spring rod (4-12) between the sliding block (4-11) and the spring seat plate (4-13) is sleeved with a compression spring I (4-15); the garbage collection box (6) is positioned below the right end of the compression box body (4-1); the bevel gear wheel rotating shaft frame (3-13) and the gear wheel rotating shaft frame (3-18) are fixedly connected to the compression box body (4-1);
the power transmission wheel (5) comprises a motor (5-1), a driving belt wheel (5-2), a driven belt wheel (5-4), a driving belt wheel III (5-5), a driven shaft (5-6) and a transmission shaft bracket (5-7); the motor (5-1) is fixedly connected to the bottom plate (1-1) through a motor frame, the driving belt wheel (5-2) is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the motor (5-1), the driving belt wheel (5-2) is in transmission connection with the driven belt wheel (5-4) through a belt, the driven belt wheel (5-4) and the driving belt wheel (5-5) are respectively and fixedly connected to two ends of a driven shaft (5-6), the middle end of the driven shaft (5-6) is in transmission connection with the transmission shaft frame (5-7), the transmission shaft frame (5-7) is fixedly connected to the compression box body (4-1), and the driving belt wheel (5-5) is in transmission connection with the transmission belt wheel (3-10) through a belt;
the lower end of the conveyor belt body (2-5) is positioned below the bottom plate (1-1);
the garbage crushing barrel (3) further comprises an outer gear ring (3-4), a circular ring frame (3-5), a cutting knife (3-6) and a gear (3-17); the right end of an outer gear ring (3-4) is rotatably connected to the left end of the crushing barrel body (3-1), a plurality of cutting knives (3-6) are fixedly connected between the left end of the outer gear ring (3-4) and the circular ring frame (3-5), the left end of a helical blade rotating shaft (3-7) is rotatably connected to the circular ring frame (3-5), a gear (3-17) is fixedly connected to the middle end of a gear rotating shaft (3-16), and the gear (3-17) is in meshing transmission with the outer gear ring (3-4);
the power transmission wheel (5) further comprises an incomplete gear (5-3), an L-shaped push rod (5-8), a chute frame (5-9), a rectangular through groove (5-10), a rack (5-11), a rectangular plate (5-12), a linkage plate (5-13), a cylindrical rod (5-14), a compression spring II (5-15) and a spring rod chute (5-16); an incomplete gear (5-3) is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the motor (5-1), a transverse plate of an L-shaped push rod (5-8) is fixedly connected to a reciprocating push plate (4-4), a vertical rod of the L-shaped push rod (5-8) is fixedly connected to a chute frame (5-9), a rectangular through groove (5-10) is formed in the chute frame (5-9), a rack (5-11) is fixedly connected to the front end face of the chute frame (5-9), and the incomplete gear (5-3) is in meshing transmission with the rack (5-11); the left end and the right end of the lower end of the chute frame (5-9) are respectively fixedly connected with a rectangular plate (5-12) and a linkage plate (5-13), a cylindrical rod (5-14) is fixedly connected between the rectangular plate (5-12) and the linkage plate (5-13), and a compression spring II (5-15) is sleeved on the cylindrical rod (5-14); the linkage plate (5-13) is provided with spring rod sliding grooves (5-16), the spring rod sliding grooves (5-16) are located above the cylindrical rods (5-14), the rectangular spring rods (4-12) are connected in the spring rod sliding grooves (5-16) in a sliding mode, the upper ends of the vertical supporting plates (4-14) are connected in the rectangular through grooves (5-10) in a sliding mode, the lower ends of the vertical supporting plates (4-14) are connected to the cylindrical rods (5-14) in a sliding mode, and the compression springs II (5-15) are located between the rectangular plates (5-12) and the vertical supporting plates (4-14).
2. A device for removing debris from a surface of water according to claim 1, further comprising: the conveyor belt body (2-5) is provided with a plurality of water filtering holes.
CN201811274755.5A 2018-10-30 2018-10-30 Cleaning device for water surface garbage floater Active CN109208562B (en)

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CN110565607B (en) * 2019-09-24 2021-05-07 六安永贞匠道机电科技有限公司 Cleaning method for quickly salvaging garbage on water surface
CN111364426B (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-12-11 江苏南极机械有限责任公司 A collection device for surface of water rubbish
CN111560931A (en) * 2020-06-02 2020-08-21 苏波 Automatic fishing device for suspended garbage in water body
CN111676925A (en) * 2020-06-04 2020-09-18 王华明 Shipborne riverway aquatic weed fishing equipment
CN111809585A (en) * 2020-07-16 2020-10-23 施若熙 River course water pollutes floating garbage cleaning device
CN112373637A (en) * 2020-11-19 2021-02-19 安徽亿擎网络科技有限公司 Lake surface rubbish clearance ship for municipal works

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