CN107821063A - A kind of Plain implantation methods of konjaku - Google Patents

A kind of Plain implantation methods of konjaku Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107821063A
CN107821063A CN201711011173.3A CN201711011173A CN107821063A CN 107821063 A CN107821063 A CN 107821063A CN 201711011173 A CN201711011173 A CN 201711011173A CN 107821063 A CN107821063 A CN 107821063A
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konjaku
plain
fertilizer
implantation methods
fields
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许连峰
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许连峰
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants

Abstract

The invention mainly relates to planting technology field, a kind of Plain implantation methods of konjaku are disclosed, including:Site preparation, plantation, emergence, interplant, expand, harvesting;Method is simple, konjak corm germination percentage is reached 94%, and Amorphophallus Yield reaches 15.6t/ mus, and corn per mu yield reaches 817kg/ mus, realizes the Plain large-scale planting of konjaku, hence it is evident that improve the plantation efficiency of konjaku;Organic fertilizer is spread fertilizer over the fields during site preparation, and carry out overlay film fermentation, increase the organic fertilizer of soil and beneficial to bacterial content, beneficial to absorption of the konjaku to nutritional ingredient, promote konjaku germination, improve konjaku germination percentage, maize straw and konjaku ground stalk are added in organic fertilizer, is turned waste into wealth, nutrition is balanced, fertilizer is gone back into field, promotes konjaku to absorb.

Description

A kind of Plain implantation methods of konjaku
Technical field
The invention mainly relates to the Plain implantation methods in planting technology field, more particularly to a kind of konjaku.
Background technology
The other name Amorphophalus rivieri of konjaku, nutrition very abundant, rich in starch, proteins,vitamins,and minerals element, also containing someone SKGM required for class, i.e. glucomannan have the characteristics of low in calories, low fat and high-cellulose up to more than 45%, Not only delicious flavour, mouthfeel is pleasant, and has body-building and weight-reducing, protection cardiovascular and cerebrovascular, improve immunity, promote gastrointestinal function, control Treat diabetes, anticancer suppression cancer and other effects, so the fashionable whole world in recent years, and by people be described as " magic power food ", " magical food ", " healthy food " etc.;, will to growing environment but the original habitat of konjaku is intermountain forest fieid soil, belongs to the characteristic resources in mountain area Ask strict, but the cost of intermountain plantation is higher, and with the gradual increase of konjaku demand, can not possibly be realized greatly in intermountain The plantation of area, but carry out large-scale plantation konjaku in Plain at present and it is also difficult to achieve;Existing patent document CN 106688561 A disclose a kind of konjaku in hot and humid Plain region disease-resistant high yield implantation methods, can only be by konjaku in high temperature High Humid Area carries out Plain plantation, hence it is evident that limits the planting area of konjaku.
The content of the invention
The defects of in order to make up prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of Plain implantation methods of konjaku.
A kind of Plain implantation methods of konjaku, comprise the following steps:
(1)Site preparation:Mid or late Febuary, organic fertilizer is uniformly spread fertilizer over the fields to soil, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 800 ~ 900kg/ mus, pours permeable, Gai Di Film, mulch film is removed after 8 ~ 10 days, increase the organic fertilizer of soil and beneficial to bacterial content, beneficial to absorption of the konjaku to nutritional ingredient, promote Enter konjaku germination, improve konjaku germination percentage, obtain planting soil;
(2)Plantation:Select that size is well-balanced, complete konjak corm, plant in planting soil, seeding row spacing is 40 ~ 50cm × 135 ~ 140cm, spacing in the rows is reduced, expand line-spacing, divulged information beneficial to konjaku, lid plant ash is spread after plantation, can be incubated, and can provides nutrition Composition, antibacterial desinsection, the wheat stalk that lid thickness is 2 ~ 3cm is repaved, keeps ground moistening, is incubated water conservation, is germinateed beneficial to konjaku, Improve konjaku germination percentage;
(3)Emergence:Early June, after konjaku emergence, wheat stalk is removed, pour the ferrous sulfate that mass concentration is 43 ~ 45mg/L Solution, twice, interval time is 5 ~ 7 days to continuous pouring, makes konjaku stalk sturdy, improves resistance, reduces the generation of disease;
(4)Interplanting:Mid or late June, in the centre position maize planting of konjaku in the ranks, seeding row spacing is 25 ~ 30cm × 40 ~ 45cm, Each konjaku row plants 2 row corns, improves Soil Utilization rate, while corn can reduce direct illumination of the sun to konjaku, add The pollen that descends slowly and lightly of corn florescence, the growth of konjaku aerial part and expanding under ground portion can be promoted, improve konjaku production Amount;
(5)Expand:When mid-July, konjaku expanded, spread fertilizer over the fields and expand fertilizer, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 40 ~ 45kg/ mus, can promote konjaku and jade Absorption of the rice to nutritional ingredient, accelerate konjaku expand with iblet weight, disease-resistant liquid is sprayed after spreading fertilizer over the fields, continuous sprinkling 2 times, during interval Between be 5 ~ 10 days, avoid konjaku and corn that pest and disease damage occurs, avoid using and remaining for agricultural chemicals, disease-resistant liquid is the extraction of the achene of Siberian cocklebur Liquid, turn waste into wealth, wide material sources are cheap, reduce planting cost;
(6)Harvesting:Mid or late October, corn is first harvested, then dig receipts konjaku, be easy to harvesting and later stage Soil Utilization.
The step(1)Organic fertilizer, be made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Maize straw 51 ~ 53, wheat stalk 35 ~ 37th, chicken manure 31 ~ 33, konjaku cauline leaf 31 ~ 33, culture medium of edible fungus 27 ~ 29, vinasse 17 ~ 19, fallen leaves 14 ~ 16, EM bacterium 3 ~ 5, by institute After having raw material mixing, 2 ~ 4cm is crushed to, compost, is fermented 6 ~ 8 days in 31 ~ 33 DEG C, obtains organic fertilizer.
The step(2)Plant ash, thickness is 0.3 ~ 0.5cm.
The step(5)Expand fertilizer, be made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Urea 24 ~ 26, calcium superphosphate 17 ~ 19, chlorine Change potassium 21 ~ 23, manganese sulfate 7 ~ 9, zinc sulfate 2.6 ~ 2.8, sodium selenite 1.5 ~ 1.7.
The step(5)Disease-resistant liquid, the achene of Siberian cocklebur is crushed, adds the water of 150 ~ 200 times of amounts of achene of Siberian cocklebur weight, is decocted extremely Volume is original 1/10, filtering, and the volume fraction that 200 ~ 300 times of amounts of filter residue weight are added into filter residue is 0.3 ~ 0.5% vinegar Acid solution, it is original 1/2 to decoct to volume, filtering, merges all filtrates, obtains disease-resistant liquid.
The Plain implantation methods of the konjaku plant obtained konjaku.
It is an advantage of the invention that:The Plain implantation methods of konjaku provided by the invention, method is simple, konjak corm is germinateed Rate reaches 94%, and Amorphophallus Yield reaches 15.6t/ mus, and corn per mu yield reaches 817kg/ mus, realizes the Plain scale kind of konjaku Plant, hence it is evident that improve the plantation efficiency of konjaku;Organic fertilizer is spread fertilizer over the fields during site preparation, and carries out overlay film fermentation, increases the organic fertilizer of soil And beneficial to bacterial content, beneficial to absorption of the konjaku to nutritional ingredient, promote konjaku germination, improve konjaku germination percentage, add in organic fertilizer Enter maize straw and konjaku ground stalk, turn waste into wealth, nutrition is balanced, and fertilizer is returned into field, promotes konjaku to absorb;Konjaku ball Stem reduces spacing in the rows when planting, expand line-spacing, is divulged information beneficial to konjaku, plant ash is first covered after plantation, can be incubated, and and can provides battalion Form point, antibacterial desinsection, then cover wheat stalk, be incubated water conservation, germinateed beneficial to konjaku, improve konjaku germination percentage;Konjaku is emerged Pour copperas solution twice in succession afterwards, make konjaku stalk sturdy, improve resistance, reduce the generation of disease;Konjaku is emerged Interplanting corn afterwards, Soil Utilization rate is improved, while corn can reduce direct illumination of the sun to konjaku, in addition corn florescence The pollen to descend slowly and lightly, the growth of konjaku aerial part and expanding under ground portion can be promoted, improve Amorphophallus Yield;When konjaku expands Spread fertilizer over the fields and expand fertilizer, the absorption of konjaku and corn to nutritional ingredient can be promoted, quickening konjaku expands disease-resistant with iblet weight, sprinkling Liquid avoids konjaku and corn that pest and disease damage occurs, and avoids using and remaining for agricultural chemicals, and disease-resistant liquid is the extract solution of the achene of Siberian cocklebur, change give up into Treasured, wide material sources are cheap, reduce planting cost;Maturation is easy to harvesting and later stage simultaneously for mid or late October konjaku and corn Soil Utilization.
Embodiment
Illustrate the present invention with specific embodiment below.
Embodiment 1
A kind of Plain implantation methods of konjaku, comprise the following steps:
(1)Site preparation:Mid or late Febuary, organic fertilizer is uniformly spread fertilizer over the fields to soil, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 800kg/ mus, pours permeable, lid mulch film, 8 days After remove mulch film, increase the organic fertilizer of soil and beneficial to bacterial content, beneficial to absorption of the konjaku to nutritional ingredient, promote konjaku hair Bud, konjaku germination percentage is improved, obtains planting soil;Described organic fertilizer, it is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Maize straw 51, Wheat stalk 35, chicken manure 31, konjaku cauline leaf 31, culture medium of edible fungus 27, vinasse 17, fallen leaves 14, EM bacterium 3, all raw materials are mixed After conjunction, 2 ~ 4cm is crushed to, compost, is fermented 6 days in 31 DEG C, obtains organic fertilizer;
(2)Plantation:Select that size is well-balanced, complete konjak corm, plant in planting soil, seeding row spacing is 40 ~ 50cm × 135 ~ 140cm, spacing in the rows is reduced, expand line-spacing, divulged information beneficial to konjaku, lid plant ash is spread after plantation, thickness is 0.3 ~ 0.5cm, Ji Nengbao Temperature, and can provide nutritional ingredient, antibacterial desinsection, repave the wheat stalk that lid thickness is 2 ~ 3cm, keep ground moistening, insulation is protected Water, germinateed beneficial to konjaku, improve konjaku germination percentage;
(3)Emergence:Early June, after konjaku emergence, wheat stalk is removed, it is molten to pour the ferrous sulfate that mass concentration is 43mg/L Liquid, twice, interval time is 5 ~ 7 days to continuous pouring, makes konjaku stalk sturdy, improves resistance, reduces the generation of disease;
(4)Interplanting:Mid or late June, in the centre position maize planting of konjaku in the ranks, seeding row spacing is 25 ~ 30cm × 40 ~ 45cm, Each konjaku row plants 2 row corns, improves Soil Utilization rate, while corn can reduce direct illumination of the sun to konjaku, add The pollen that descends slowly and lightly of corn florescence, the growth of konjaku aerial part and expanding under ground portion can be promoted, improve konjaku production Amount;
(5)Expand:When mid-July, konjaku expanded, spread fertilizer over the fields and expand fertilizer, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 40kg/ mus, can promote konjaku and corn pair The absorption of nutritional ingredient, accelerate konjaku expand with iblet weight, disease-resistant liquid is sprayed after spreading fertilizer over the fields, continuous sprinkling 2 times, interval time is 5 ~ 10 days, avoiding konjaku and corn that pest and disease damage occurs, avoid using and remaining for agricultural chemicals, disease-resistant liquid is the extract solution of the achene of Siberian cocklebur, Turn waste into wealth, wide material sources are cheap, reduce planting cost;Described expands fertilizer, is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight: Urea 24, calcium superphosphate 17, potassium chloride 21, manganese sulfate 7, zinc sulfate 2.6, sodium selenite 1.5;Described disease-resistant liquid, by Siberian cocklebur Son crushes, and adds the water of 150 times of amounts of achene of Siberian cocklebur weight, and it is original 1/10 to decoct to volume, filtering, filter residue is added into filter residue The acetum that the volume fraction of 200 times of amounts of weight is 0.3%, it is original 1/2 to decoct to volume, filtering, merges all filters Liquid, obtain disease-resistant liquid;
(6)Harvesting:Mid or late October, corn is first harvested, then dig receipts konjaku, be easy to harvesting and later stage Soil Utilization.
The Plain implantation methods of the konjaku plant obtained konjaku.
Embodiment 2
A kind of Plain implantation methods of konjaku, comprise the following steps:
(1)Site preparation:Mid or late Febuary, organic fertilizer is uniformly spread fertilizer over the fields to soil, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 850kg/ mus, pours permeable, lid mulch film, 9 days After remove mulch film, increase the organic fertilizer of soil and beneficial to bacterial content, beneficial to absorption of the konjaku to nutritional ingredient, promote konjaku hair Bud, konjaku germination percentage is improved, obtains planting soil;Described organic fertilizer, it is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Maize straw 52, Wheat stalk 36, chicken manure 32, konjaku cauline leaf 32, culture medium of edible fungus 28, vinasse 18, fallen leaves 15, EM bacterium 4, all raw materials are mixed After conjunction, 2 ~ 4cm is crushed to, compost, is fermented 7 days in 32 DEG C, obtains organic fertilizer;
(2)Plantation:Select that size is well-balanced, complete konjak corm, plant in planting soil, seeding row spacing is 40 ~ 50cm × 135 ~ 140cm, spacing in the rows is reduced, expand line-spacing, divulged information beneficial to konjaku, lid plant ash is spread after plantation, thickness is 0.3 ~ 0.5cm, Ji Nengbao Temperature, and can provide nutritional ingredient, antibacterial desinsection, repave the wheat stalk that lid thickness is 2 ~ 3cm, keep ground moistening, insulation is protected Water, germinateed beneficial to konjaku, improve konjaku germination percentage;
(3)Emergence:Early June, after konjaku emergence, wheat stalk is removed, it is molten to pour the ferrous sulfate that mass concentration is 44mg/L Liquid, twice, interval time is 5 ~ 7 days to continuous pouring, makes konjaku stalk sturdy, improves resistance, reduces the generation of disease;
(4)Interplanting:Mid or late June, in the centre position maize planting of konjaku in the ranks, seeding row spacing is 25 ~ 30cm × 40 ~ 45cm, Each konjaku row plants 2 row corns, improves Soil Utilization rate, while corn can reduce direct illumination of the sun to konjaku, add The pollen that descends slowly and lightly of corn florescence, the growth of konjaku aerial part and expanding under ground portion can be promoted, improve konjaku production Amount;
(5)Expand:When mid-July, konjaku expanded, spread fertilizer over the fields and expand fertilizer, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 43kg/ mus, can promote konjaku and corn pair The absorption of nutritional ingredient, accelerate konjaku expand with iblet weight, disease-resistant liquid is sprayed after spreading fertilizer over the fields, continuous sprinkling 2 times, interval time is 5 ~ 10 days, avoiding konjaku and corn that pest and disease damage occurs, avoid using and remaining for agricultural chemicals, disease-resistant liquid is the extract solution of the achene of Siberian cocklebur, Turn waste into wealth, wide material sources are cheap, reduce planting cost;Described expands fertilizer, is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight: Urea 25, calcium superphosphate 18, potassium chloride 22, manganese sulfate 8, zinc sulfate 2.7, sodium selenite 1.6;Described disease-resistant liquid, by Siberian cocklebur Son crushes, and adds the water of 180 times of amounts of achene of Siberian cocklebur weight, and it is original 1/10 to decoct to volume, filtering, filter residue is added into filter residue The acetum that the volume fraction of 250 times of amounts of weight is 0.4%, it is original 1/2 to decoct to volume, filtering, merges all filters Liquid, obtain disease-resistant liquid;
(6)Harvesting:Mid or late October, corn is first harvested, then dig receipts konjaku, be easy to harvesting and later stage Soil Utilization.
The Plain implantation methods of the konjaku plant obtained konjaku.
Embodiment 3
A kind of Plain implantation methods of konjaku, comprise the following steps:
(1)Site preparation:Mid or late Febuary, organic fertilizer is uniformly spread fertilizer over the fields to soil, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 900kg/ mus, pours permeable, lid mulch film, 10 Mulch film is removed after it, increases the organic fertilizer of soil and beneficial to bacterial content, beneficial to absorption of the konjaku to nutritional ingredient, promotes konjaku hair Bud, konjaku germination percentage is improved, obtains planting soil;Described organic fertilizer, it is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Maize straw 53, Wheat stalk 37, chicken manure 33, konjaku cauline leaf 33, culture medium of edible fungus 29, vinasse 19, fallen leaves 16, EM bacterium 5, all raw materials are mixed After conjunction, 2 ~ 4cm is crushed to, compost, is fermented 8 days in 33 DEG C, obtains organic fertilizer;
(2)Plantation:Select that size is well-balanced, complete konjak corm, plant in planting soil, seeding row spacing is 40 ~ 50cm × 135 ~ 140cm, spacing in the rows is reduced, expand line-spacing, divulged information beneficial to konjaku, lid plant ash is spread after plantation, thickness is 0.3 ~ 0.5cm, Ji Nengbao Temperature, and can provide nutritional ingredient, antibacterial desinsection, repave the wheat stalk that lid thickness is 2 ~ 3cm, keep ground moistening, insulation is protected Water, germinateed beneficial to konjaku, improve konjaku germination percentage;
(3)Emergence:Early June, after konjaku emergence, wheat stalk is removed, it is molten to pour the ferrous sulfate that mass concentration is 45mg/L Liquid, twice, interval time is 5 ~ 7 days to continuous pouring, makes konjaku stalk sturdy, improves resistance, reduces the generation of disease;
(4)Interplanting:Mid or late June, in the centre position maize planting of konjaku in the ranks, seeding row spacing is 25 ~ 30cm × 40 ~ 45cm, Each konjaku row plants 2 row corns, improves Soil Utilization rate, while corn can reduce direct illumination of the sun to konjaku, add The pollen that descends slowly and lightly of corn florescence, the growth of konjaku aerial part and expanding under ground portion can be promoted, improve konjaku production Amount;
(5)Expand:When mid-July, konjaku expanded, spread fertilizer over the fields and expand fertilizer, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 45kg/ mus, can promote konjaku and corn pair The absorption of nutritional ingredient, accelerate konjaku expand with iblet weight, disease-resistant liquid is sprayed after spreading fertilizer over the fields, continuous sprinkling 2 times, interval time is 5 ~ 10 days, avoiding konjaku and corn that pest and disease damage occurs, avoid using and remaining for agricultural chemicals, disease-resistant liquid is the extract solution of the achene of Siberian cocklebur, Turn waste into wealth, wide material sources are cheap, reduce planting cost;Described expands fertilizer, is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight: Urea 26, calcium superphosphate 19, potassium chloride 23, manganese sulfate 9, zinc sulfate 2.8, sodium selenite 1.7;Described disease-resistant liquid, by Siberian cocklebur Son crushes, and adds the water of 200 times of amounts of achene of Siberian cocklebur weight, and it is original 1/10 to decoct to volume, filtering, filter residue is added into filter residue The acetum that the volume fraction of 300 times of amounts of weight is 0.5%, it is original 1/2 to decoct to volume, filtering, merges all filters Liquid, obtain disease-resistant liquid;
(6)Harvesting:Mid or late October, corn is first harvested, then dig receipts konjaku, be easy to harvesting and later stage Soil Utilization.
The Plain implantation methods of the konjaku plant obtained konjaku.
Comparative example 1
Step(1)In organic fertilizer be traditional organic fertilizer, remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 2
Step(2)In seeding row spacing be traditional seeding row spacing, remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 3
Step(3)In copperas solution be changed to water, remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 4
Removal step(4), remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 5
Removal step(5)In expand fertilizer, remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 6
Removal step(5)In disease-resistant liquid, remaining method, with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 7
The existing A of patent document CN 106688561 disclose a kind of konjaku in hot and humid Plain region disease-resistant high yield plantation side Method.
The planting effect of embodiment and comparative example konjaku Plain implantation methods:
In Anhui Province Formations In Fuyang Area, 20 mu of adjacent Plain soil is randomly choosed, is randomly divided into 10 groups, every group 2 mu, be respectively real Example group and comparative example group are applied, each group plants Chu's evil spirit according to the method for the group respectively and spends No. 1 konjaku, continuous plantation 3 years, detects each group Germination percentage, per mu yield and the growth period incidence of disease, results averaged, embodiment and comparative example konjaku Plain implantation methods Planting effect is shown in Table 1.
Table 1:The planting effect of embodiment and comparative example konjaku Plain implantation methods
Project Germination percentage/(%) Per mu yield/(%) The incidence of disease/(%)
Embodiment 1 92 15.2 1.9
Embodiment 2 94 15.6 1.8
Embodiment 3 93 14.9 2.1
Comparative example 1 90 12.4 4.6
Comparative example 2 93 8.7 3.9
Comparative example 3 92 9.2 8.5
Comparative example 4 91 8.1 6.8
Comparative example 5 92 7.3 5.7
Comparative example 6 90 9.7 10.3
Comparative example 7 81 5.4 15.7
Show from the result of table 1, the Plain implantation methods of the konjaku of embodiment, the germination percentage and yield of konjaku are substantially compared with comparative example Height, the incidence of disease is substantially low compared with comparative example, illustrates the Plain implantation methods of konjaku provided by the invention and has good planting effect.

Claims (6)

1. the Plain implantation methods of a kind of konjaku, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1)Site preparation:Mid or late Febuary, organic fertilizer is uniformly spread fertilizer over the fields to soil, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 800 ~ 900kg/ mus, pours permeable, Gai Di Film, mulch film is removed after 8 ~ 10 days, obtains planting soil;
(2)Plantation:Select that size is well-balanced, complete konjak corm, plant in planting soil, seeding row spacing is 40 ~ 50cm × 135 ~ 140cm, lid plant ash is spread after plantation, repave the wheat stalk that lid thickness is 2 ~ 3cm, keep ground moistening;
(3)Emergence:Early June, after konjaku emergence, wheat stalk is removed, pour the ferrous sulfate that mass concentration is 43 ~ 45mg/L Solution, twice, interval time is 5 ~ 7 days to continuous pouring;
(4)Interplanting:Mid or late June, in the centre position maize planting of konjaku in the ranks, seeding row spacing is 25 ~ 30cm × 40 ~ 45cm, Each konjaku row plants 2 row corns;
(5)Expand:When mid-July, konjaku expanded, to spread fertilizer over the fields and expand fertilizer, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields is 40 ~ 45kg/ mus, and disease-resistant liquid is sprayed after spreading fertilizer over the fields, Continuous to spray 2 times, interval time is 5 ~ 10 days;
(6)Harvesting:Mid or late October, corn is first harvested, then dig receipts konjaku.
2. the Plain implantation methods of konjaku according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step(1)Organic fertilizer, by with The raw material of lower parts by weight is made:Maize straw 51 ~ 53, wheat stalk 35 ~ 37, chicken manure 31 ~ 33, konjaku cauline leaf 31 ~ 33, edible mushroom Culture medium 27 ~ 29, vinasse 17 ~ 19, fallen leaves 14 ~ 16, EM bacterium 3 ~ 5, after all raw materials are mixed, are crushed to 2 ~ 4cm, compost, in 31 ~ 33 DEG C ferment 6 ~ 8 days, obtain organic fertilizer.
3. the Plain implantation methods of konjaku according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step(2)Plant ash, thickness For 0.3 ~ 0.5cm.
4. the Plain implantation methods of konjaku according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step(5)Expand fertilizer, by with The raw material composition of lower parts by weight:Urea 24 ~ 26, calcium superphosphate 17 ~ 19, potassium chloride 21 ~ 23, manganese sulfate 7 ~ 9, zinc sulfate 2.6 ~ 2.8th, sodium selenite 1.5 ~ 1.7.
5. the Plain implantation methods of konjaku according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step(5)Disease-resistant liquid, will be grey The ears or side handles of a utensil crush, and the water of the addition achene of Siberian cocklebur 150 ~ 200 times of amounts of weight, it is original 1/10 to decoct to volume, filtering, is added into filter residue The volume fraction for entering 200 ~ 300 times of amounts of filter residue weight is 0.3 ~ 0.5% acetum, and it is original 1/2 to decoct to volume, mistake Filter, merges all filtrates, obtains disease-resistant liquid.
6. a kind of Plain implantation methods of any one of claim 1 ~ 5 konjaku plant obtained konjaku.
CN201711011173.3A 2017-10-26 2017-10-26 A kind of Plain implantation methods of konjaku Pending CN107821063A (en)

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CN108834786A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-20 大新县科学技术情报研究所 The cultural method made between corn and konjaku
CN109006301A (en) * 2018-09-19 2018-12-18 维西亨哈农业发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of bulbil Huang konjaku
CN110183255A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-08-30 云南谷力果力农业科技有限公司 A kind of organic fertilizer for konjaku

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CN106376316A (en) * 2016-08-27 2017-02-08 兰坪县兰美农业综合开发有限公司 Konjak plantation method and plantation mixed fertilizer formula
CN106688561A (en) * 2016-12-10 2017-05-24 许连峰 High-temperature and high-moisture plain region disease-resisting and high-yield konjak planting method
CN107624580A (en) * 2017-10-11 2018-01-26 容县科学实验研究所 A kind of method of white konjaku interplanting corn

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108834786A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-20 大新县科学技术情报研究所 The cultural method made between corn and konjaku
CN109006301A (en) * 2018-09-19 2018-12-18 维西亨哈农业发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of bulbil Huang konjaku
CN110183255A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-08-30 云南谷力果力农业科技有限公司 A kind of organic fertilizer for konjaku

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