CN106982616A - A kind of implantation methods of multi-resisting high-yield capsicum - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of multi-resisting high-yield capsicum Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106982616A
CN106982616A CN201710120685.7A CN201710120685A CN106982616A CN 106982616 A CN106982616 A CN 106982616A CN 201710120685 A CN201710120685 A CN 201710120685A CN 106982616 A CN106982616 A CN 106982616A
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China
Prior art keywords
selection
capsicum
fertilizer
implantation methods
yield
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CN201710120685.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王亚男
范思静
樊友鑫
王宝军
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ANHUI JINPEIYIN TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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ANHUI JINPEIYIN TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710120685.7A priority Critical patent/CN106982616A/en
Publication of CN106982616A publication Critical patent/CN106982616A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of implantation methods of multi-resisting high-yield capsicum, the implantation methods include step in detail below:(1) variety selection;(2) seedbed selection is with fostering and apply fertilizer;(3) seed soaking and seed disinfection;(4) sow;(5) seedling management;(6) crop field selection is with fostering and apply fertilizer;(7) site preparation does furrow and transplanting;(8) field management;(9) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control;(10) harvest.The implantation methods of the present invention are simple and easy to apply, it is adaptable to the field production of capsicum, and not only input cost is low, yield is high, and pest and disease damage incidence is low, are conducive to improving product quality and the market competitiveness;In addition the technology notes the integrated application of the green prevention and control measure to disease pest and weed in seed selection, nursery, cultivation each stage, when applying base manure, by with the addition of soil conditioner, not only improve soil property, reduce the breeding of pest and disease damage simultaneously, the use of chemical pesticide is avoided and reduces to greatest extent, Product quality and safety also has very reliable guarantee.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of multi-resisting high-yield capsicum
Technical field
The invention belongs to growing vegetables technical field, more particularly to a kind of implantation methods of multi-resisting high-yield capsicum.
Background technology
Capsicum, is called chilly, hot pepper, spicy, caynne pepper and long and thin hot pepper etc., is a kind of Solanaceae capsicum plants.Capsicum is one Year or limited herbaceos perennial.Fruit is generally in cone or Long Circle, in green during prematurity, becomes scarlet after maturation Color, green or purple, it is most commonly seen with red.Capsicum is a kind of important vegetables and flavouring, and its nutritive value is very high, contains Multivitamin and trace element, such as vitamin C, B, carrotene, calcium, iron, phosphorus, research are had shown that in per kilogram capsicum containing dimension Raw element C is 1050 milligrams, is 21 times, 5 times of tomato, 4 times of Chinese cabbage, 3 times of ternip of eggplant.Capsicum have middle benefit gas, Cold dispelling, the effect whetted the appetite, helped digestion.Ascorbic content occupies first in vegetables in capsicum, and cause and effect skin contains capsaicine and had Pungent, can promote digestive juice secretion and improve a poor appetite, and can stimulate circulation, and improve cold, frostbite and vascular headache. The field production method of existing more summer capsicum has the characteristics of cultural method is complicated, input cost is high, pest and disease damage incidence is high, from And influence product quality and edible safety.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of implantation methods of multi-resisting high-yield capsicum, by the application of the implantation methods, The problem of solving existing.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
The present invention is a kind of implantation methods of multi-resisting high-yield capsicum, and the implantation methods include step in detail below:
(1) variety selection
Selection high temperature resistance, the kind that antiviral, disease-resistant, low temperature resistant, waterlogging, yield is high, fruit type is good, bright in colour are advisable, Every mu of crop field sowing quantity 65-75g;
(2) seedbed selection is with fostering and apply fertilizer
Select nearest 3.5-4 not plant that solanaceous vegetables, melon, cotton crop, loosing soil are fertile, the content of organic matter is high, The convenient field of irrigation and drainage, every mu of crop field needs seedbed 21m2-25m2, 16-20 days every 23m before nursery2Apply the farmyard manure 260- that becomes thoroughly decomposed in seedbed 300kg, dung polluted water 210-250kg, 45% composite fertilizer 2.6-3.0kg, are repeatedly turned over, and depth reaches more than 22cm;
(3) seed soaking and seed disinfection
Before seed soaking, seed is first dried into 2-3h under dim light, is then scalded with 50-60 DEG C of hot water and plants and be stirred continuously 10- 15min, then with normal temperature 0.2-0.3% vitamin C clear water solution seed soaking 2-3h, then soaked with 10% trisodium phosphate aqueous solution 20min, dries in the air to micro- after cleaning repeatedly and dry waits to broadcast;
(4) sow
Sowing mid-April to mid-May is selected in, seedling age is 30-35 days, sows preceding seedbed and pours permeable, seed admixes fine earth, Every mu of seeding in nursery bed 2.6-3.0kg, and the sieving Nutrition Soil that humidity is 65-75% is covered, thickness is 1.1-1.3cm, is finally covered Lid mulch film and arch shed membrane;
(5) seedling management
To take off arch shed membrane aeration-cooling when temperature is more than 30 DEG C before emerging, and to seal shed and mulch film during less than 20 DEG C, go out After seedling temperature of shed maintains 22 DEG C -28 DEG C, takes mulch film off when 60% emerges using shed overlay management, emerges when 100% After to keep seedbed soil property moistening, being selected in noon waters, and growing thin and weak seedling will topdress, and enter when seedling is up to three true leaves Row hardening, it is 1 to make red green stem ratio:2-3;
(6) crop field selection is with fostering and apply fertilizer
The yellowish-white soil or dust and sand soil for irrigating water drainage, loosing soil is fertile, the content of organic matter is high, every mu of application are easy in selection Animal dung 1600kg-1700kg, 45% composite fertilizer 65kg-75kg, the borax 1.8kg become thoroughly decomposed, purity nitrogen fertilizer is not applied;
(7) site preparation does furrow and transplanting
Carry out two cultivated two to harrow, the narrow furrow of zanjon, the wide 1.0m of furrow, furrow width 0.4m, furrow ditch depth 0.25m, crop field surrounding ditch depth 0.3m, Select fine day to transplant, per ridge cultivation two row during transplanting, spacing in the rows is 0.3m, and every mu is planted 2400-2500 plants, while lifting, while transplant, side is poured Determine root manure and root water;
(8) field management
Capsicum transplant after repeatedly to be intertilled to Feng Hangqian loosen the soil, weeding and stop up root ridging, definite value live after every mu chase after 4kg- 5kg amino acid active liquid fertilizers chase after a tiller fertilizer, and peak period of bearing fruit is topdressed 4-6 times to latter stage is plucked, and 45% composite fertilizer is imposed every time 15-20kg, picking time sprays 0.2% amino acid and 0.5% potassium dihydrogen phosphate;
(9) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control
Epidemic disease is made every effort to overcome or Sukeling with general, and gray mold ten thousand mould spirits or vinclozolin, shot hole aijuntong or copper are noble, bacterium Core disease carbendazim Ultramicro-powder or dimethachlon, graywall iprodione or Mancozeb, basal stem rot add fenaminosulf, aphid with a gram bacterium Net with lice aphid or aphid lice is flutterred, Bemisia tabaci is with Acker is safe, pyrrole propane or day fourth, and cabbage caterpillar is with eliminating, safety hit or ten thousand clever, red spider, Yellow tea mite propargite, pyridaben;
(10) harvest
Selected a good opportunity to select a time according to market conditions and harvest listing in batches;Harvesting should clean rural area, harmless treatment in time after finishing Straw and discarded mulch film.
Further, the Nutrition Soil described in step (4) is macerated by the component raw material hybrid reactor of following parts by weight and is made:Corn Stalk 40-50, plant ash 10-15, cow dung 20-30, sawdust 10-20, zinc sulfate 0.01-0.02, sodium selenite 0.01-0.02, Ammonium molybdate 0.2-0.4, borax 0.5-1.0, oyster shell whiting 2-3, urea 2-3, extracts of Chinese herbal medicine 4-5, heteroauxin 0.01- 0.05th, borneol 3-4 hybrid reactors, which are macerated, is made, and wherein extracts of Chinese herbal medicine is the quality such as frutus cnidii, the coptis, kuh-seng, juglandis folia, rhizome of cyrtomium 2-3 times of ratio measures ethanol extract.
Further, the consumption of fine earth described in step (4) is 16-17 times of seed consumption.
Further, the thin and weak seedling of step (5) growth sprays 0.2% Freamine Ⅲ or poured and applies 0.3% and be combined Fertile 45% solution, every 4-5 days 1 time.
Further, determine root manure described in step (7), which is used, adds thiram or many bacterium in dilute livestock and poultry liquid dung, root water Spirit, 50-100g is used per 50kg root waters.
The invention has the advantages that:
The implantation methods of the present invention are simple and easy to apply, it is adaptable to the field production of capsicum, and not only input cost is low, yield is high, And pest and disease damage incidence is low, be conducive to improving product quality and the market competitiveness;In addition the technology is in seed selection, nursery, cultivation Each stage notes the integrated application of the green prevention and control measure to disease pest and weed, when applying base manure, by with the addition of soil conditioning Agent, not only improves soil property, while reducing the breeding of pest and disease damage, avoids and reduce making for chemical pesticide to greatest extent With Product quality and safety also has very reliable guarantee.
Certainly, any product for implementing the present invention it is not absolutely required to while reaching all the above advantage.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that Described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the implementation in the present invention Example, all other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made is belonged to The scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment 1
The present invention is a kind of implantation methods of multi-resisting high-yield capsicum, including step in detail below:
(1) variety selection
Selection high temperature resistance, the kind that antiviral, disease-resistant, low temperature resistant, waterlogging, yield is high, fruit type is good, bright in colour are advisable, Every mu of crop field sowing quantity 65g;
(2) seedbed selection is with fostering and apply fertilizer
Select not plant for nearest 3.5 years that solanaceous vegetables, melon, cotton crop, loosing soil are fertile, the content of organic matter is high, row Convenient field is filled, every mu of crop field needs seedbed 21m2, 16 days every 23m before nursery2Apply become thoroughly decomposed farmyard manure 260kg, dung polluted water in seedbed 210-kg, 45% composite fertilizer 2.6kg, are repeatedly turned over, and depth reaches more than 22cm;
(3) seed soaking and seed disinfection
Before seed soaking, seed is first dried into 2h under dim light, is then scalded with 50 DEG C of hot water and is planted and be stirred continuously 10min, then With the vitamin C clear water solution seed soaking 2h of normal temperature 0.2%, 20min then is soaked with 10% trisodium phosphate aqueous solution, is cleaned repeatedly After dry in the air to micro- and dry wait to broadcast;
(4) sow
Sowing mid-April to mid-May is selected in, seedling age is 30 days, sows preceding seedbed and pours permeable, seed admixes fine earth, often Mu seeding in nursery bed 2.6kg, and the sieving Nutrition Soil that humidity is 65% is covered, thickness is 1.1cm, last covering with plastic film and shed Film;Wherein described Nutrition Soil is macerated by the component raw material hybrid reactor of following parts by weight to be made:Maize straw 40, plant ash 10, ox Excrement 20, sawdust 10, zinc sulfate 0.01, sodium selenite 0.01, ammonium molybdate 0.2, borax 0.5, oyster shell whiting 2, urea 2, Chinese herbal medicine are carried Liquid 4, heteroauxin 0.01, the hybrid reactor of borneol 3 is taken to macerate and be made, wherein extracts of Chinese herbal medicine is frutus cnidii, the coptis, kuh-seng, English walnut 2 times of amount ethanol extracts of the mass ratioes such as leaf, rhizome of cyrtomium;The consumption of the fine earth is 16 times of seed consumption;
(5) seedling management
To take off arch shed membrane aeration-cooling when temperature is more than 30 DEG C before emerging, and to seal shed and mulch film during less than 20 DEG C, go out After seedling temperature of shed maintains 22 DEG C, takes mulch film off when 60% emerges using shed overlay management, to be protected after being emerged when 100% Seedbed soil property moistening is held, being selected in noon waters, and growing thin and weak seedling will topdress, and be refined when seedling is up to three true leaves Seedling, it is 1 to make red green stem ratio:2;The thin and weak seedling of the growth sprays 0.2% Freamine Ⅲ or the composite fertilizers 45% of Jiao Shi 0.3% Solution, every 4 days 1 time;
(6) crop field selection is with fostering and apply fertilizer
The yellowish-white soil or dust and sand soil for irrigating water drainage, loosing soil is fertile, the content of organic matter is high, every mu of application are easy in selection Animal dung 1600kg, 45% composite fertilizer 65kg, the borax 1.8kg become thoroughly decomposed, purity nitrogen fertilizer is not applied;
(7) site preparation does furrow and transplanting
Carry out two cultivated two to harrow, the narrow furrow of zanjon, the wide 1.0m of furrow, furrow width 0.4m, furrow ditch depth 0.25m, crop field surrounding ditch depth 0.3m, Select fine day to transplant, per ridge cultivation two row during transplanting, spacing in the rows is 0.3m, and every mu is planted 2400 plants, while lifting, while transplant, side is poured and determines root Fertilizer and root water;The determine root manure, which is used, adds thiram or carbendazim in dilute livestock and poultry liquid dung, root water, make per 50kg root waters Use 50g;
(8) field management
Capsicum transplant after repeatedly to be intertilled to Feng Hangqian loosen the soil, weeding and stop up root ridging, definite value live after every mu chase after 4kg ammonia Base acid activity liquid fertilizer chases after a tiller fertilizer, and peak period of bearing fruit is topdressed 4 times to latter stage is plucked, 45% composite fertilizer 15kg is imposed every time, is adopted The receipts phase sprays 0.2% amino acid and 0.5% potassium dihydrogen phosphate;
(9) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control
Epidemic disease is made every effort to overcome or Sukeling with general, and gray mold ten thousand mould spirits or vinclozolin, shot hole aijuntong or copper are noble, bacterium Core disease carbendazim Ultramicro-powder or dimethachlon, graywall iprodione or Mancozeb, basal stem rot add fenaminosulf, aphid with a gram bacterium Net with lice aphid or aphid lice is flutterred, Bemisia tabaci is with Acker is safe, pyrrole propane or day fourth, and cabbage caterpillar is with eliminating, safety hit or ten thousand clever, red spider, Yellow tea mite propargite, pyridaben;
(10) harvest
Selected a good opportunity to select a time according to market conditions and harvest listing in batches;Harvesting should clean rural area, harmless treatment in time after finishing Straw and discarded mulch film.
Embodiment 2
The present invention is a kind of implantation methods of multi-resisting high-yield capsicum, including step in detail below:
(1) variety selection
Selection high temperature resistance, the kind that antiviral, disease-resistant, low temperature resistant, waterlogging, yield is high, fruit type is good, bright in colour are advisable, Every mu of crop field sowing quantity 70g;
(2) seedbed selection is with fostering and apply fertilizer
Select not plant for nearest 4 years that solanaceous vegetables, melon, cotton crop, loosing soil are fertile, the content of organic matter is high, irrigation and drainage Convenient field, every mu of crop field needs seedbed 23m2, 18 days every 23m before nursery2Apply become thoroughly decomposed farmyard manure 280kg, dung polluted water in seedbed 230kg, 45% composite fertilizer 2.8kg, are repeatedly turned over, and depth reaches more than 22cm;
(3) seed soaking and seed disinfection
Before seed soaking, seed is first dried into 2.5h under dim light, is then scalded with 55 DEG C of hot water and plants and be stirred continuously 13min, Again with the vitamin C clear water solution seed soaking 2.5h of normal temperature 0.25%, 20min then is soaked with 10% trisodium phosphate aqueous solution, instead Dried in the air after multiple cleaning to micro- and dry wait to broadcast;
(4) sow
Sowing mid-April to mid-May is selected in, seedling age is 33 days, sows preceding seedbed and pours permeable, seed admixes fine earth, often Mu seeding in nursery bed 2.7kg, and the sieving Nutrition Soil that humidity is 70% is covered, thickness is 1.2cm, last covering with plastic film and shed Film;Wherein described Nutrition Soil is macerated by the component raw material hybrid reactor of following parts by weight to be made:Maize straw 45, plant ash 13, ox Excrement 25, sawdust 15, zinc sulfate 0.015, sodium selenite 0.015, ammonium molybdate 0.3, borax 0.75, oyster shell whiting 2.5, urea 2.5, in Herbal medicine extract solution 4.5, heteroauxin 0.03, the hybrid reactor of borneol 3.5 are macerated and are made, wherein extracts of Chinese herbal medicine be frutus cnidii, the coptis, 2.5 times of amount ethanol extracts of the mass ratioes such as kuh-seng, juglandis folia, rhizome of cyrtomium;The consumption of the fine earth is 16 times of seed consumption;
(5) seedling management
To take off arch shed membrane aeration-cooling when temperature is more than 30 DEG C before emerging, and to seal shed and mulch film during less than 20 DEG C, go out After seedling temperature of shed maintains 25 DEG C, takes mulch film off when 60% emerges using shed overlay management, to be protected after being emerged when 100% Seedbed soil property moistening is held, being selected in noon waters, and growing thin and weak seedling will topdress, and be refined when seedling is up to three true leaves Seedling, it is 1 to make red green stem ratio:2.5;The thin and weak seedling of the growth sprays 0.2% Freamine Ⅲ or the composite fertilizers of Jiao Shi 0.3% 45% solution, every 4.5 days 1 time;
(6) crop field selection is with fostering and apply fertilizer
The yellowish-white soil or dust and sand soil for irrigating water drainage, loosing soil is fertile, the content of organic matter is high, every mu of application are easy in selection Animal dung 1650kg, 45% composite fertilizer 70kg, the borax 1.8kg become thoroughly decomposed, purity nitrogen fertilizer is not applied;
(7) site preparation does furrow and transplanting
Carry out two cultivated two to harrow, the narrow furrow of zanjon, the wide 1.0m of furrow, furrow width 0.4m, furrow ditch depth 0.25m, crop field surrounding ditch depth 0.3m, Select fine day to transplant, per ridge cultivation two row during transplanting, spacing in the rows is 0.3m, and every mu is planted 2450 plants, while lifting, while transplant, side is poured and determines root Fertilizer and root water;The determine root manure, which is used, adds thiram or carbendazim in dilute livestock and poultry liquid dung, root water, make per 50kg root waters Use 80g;
(8) field management
Capsicum transplant after repeatedly to be intertilled to Feng Hangqian loosen the soil, weeding and stop up root ridging, definite value live after every mu chase after 4.5kg Amino acid active liquid fertilizer chases after a tiller fertilizer, and peak period of bearing fruit is topdressed 5 times to latter stage is plucked, and 45% composite fertilizer 17kg is imposed every time, Picking time sprays 0.2% amino acid and 0.5% potassium dihydrogen phosphate;
(9) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control
Epidemic disease is made every effort to overcome or Sukeling with general, and gray mold ten thousand mould spirits or vinclozolin, shot hole aijuntong or copper are noble, bacterium Core disease carbendazim Ultramicro-powder or dimethachlon, graywall iprodione or Mancozeb, basal stem rot add fenaminosulf, aphid with a gram bacterium Net with lice aphid or aphid lice is flutterred, Bemisia tabaci is with Acker is safe, pyrrole propane or day fourth, and cabbage caterpillar is with eliminating, safety hit or ten thousand clever, red spider, Yellow tea mite propargite, pyridaben;
(10) harvest
Selected a good opportunity to select a time according to market conditions and harvest listing in batches;Harvesting should clean rural area, harmless treatment in time after finishing Straw and discarded mulch film.
Embodiment 3
The present invention is a kind of implantation methods of multi-resisting high-yield capsicum, including step in detail below:
(1) variety selection
Selection high temperature resistance, the kind that antiviral, disease-resistant, low temperature resistant, waterlogging, yield is high, fruit type is good, bright in colour are advisable, Every mu of crop field sowing quantity 75g;
(2) seedbed selection is with fostering and apply fertilizer
Select not plant for nearest 4 years that solanaceous vegetables, melon, cotton crop, loosing soil are fertile, the content of organic matter is high, irrigation and drainage Convenient field, every mu of crop field needs seedbed 25m2, 20 days every 23m before nursery2Apply become thoroughly decomposed farmyard manure 300kg, dung polluted water in seedbed 250kg, 45% composite fertilizer 3.0kg, are repeatedly turned over, and depth reaches more than 22cm;
(3) seed soaking and seed disinfection
Before seed soaking, seed is first dried into 3h under dim light, is then scalded with 60 DEG C of hot water and is planted and be stirred continuously 15min, then With the vitamin C clear water solution seed soaking 3h of normal temperature 0.3%, 20min then is soaked with 10% trisodium phosphate aqueous solution, is cleaned repeatedly After dry in the air to micro- and dry wait to broadcast;
(4) sow
Sowing mid-April to mid-May is selected in, seedling age is 35 days, sows preceding seedbed and pours permeable, seed admixes fine earth, often Mu seeding in nursery bed 3.0kg, and the sieving Nutrition Soil that humidity is 75% is covered, thickness is 1.3cm, last covering with plastic film and shed Film;Wherein described Nutrition Soil is macerated by the component raw material hybrid reactor of following parts by weight to be made:Maize straw 50, plant ash 15, ox Excrement 30, sawdust 20, zinc sulfate 0.02, sodium selenite 0.02, ammonium molybdate 0.4, borax 1.0, oyster shell whiting 3, urea 3, Chinese herbal medicine are carried Liquid 5, heteroauxin 0.05, the hybrid reactor of borneol 4 is taken to macerate and be made, wherein extracts of Chinese herbal medicine is frutus cnidii, the coptis, kuh-seng, English walnut 3 times of amount ethanol extracts of the mass ratioes such as leaf, rhizome of cyrtomium;The consumption of the fine earth is 17 times of seed consumption;
(5) seedling management
To take off arch shed membrane aeration-cooling when temperature is more than 30 DEG C before emerging, and to seal shed and mulch film during less than 20 DEG C, go out After seedling temperature of shed maintains 28 DEG C, takes mulch film off when 60% emerges using shed overlay management, to be protected after being emerged when 100% Seedbed soil property moistening is held, being selected in noon waters, and growing thin and weak seedling will topdress, and be refined when seedling is up to three true leaves Seedling, it is 1 to make red green stem ratio:3;The thin and weak seedling of the growth sprays 0.2% Freamine Ⅲ or the composite fertilizers 45% of Jiao Shi 0.3% Solution, every 5 days 1 time;
(6) crop field selection is with fostering and apply fertilizer
The yellowish-white soil or dust and sand soil for irrigating water drainage, loosing soil is fertile, the content of organic matter is high, every mu of application are easy in selection Animal dung 1700kg, 45% composite fertilizer 75kg, the borax 1.8kg become thoroughly decomposed, purity nitrogen fertilizer is not applied;
(7) site preparation does furrow and transplanting
Carry out two cultivated two to harrow, the narrow furrow of zanjon, the wide 1.0m of furrow, furrow width 0.4m, furrow ditch depth 0.25m, crop field surrounding ditch depth 0.3m, Select fine day to transplant, per ridge cultivation two row during transplanting, spacing in the rows is 0.3m, and every mu is planted 2500 plants, while lifting, while transplant, side is poured and determines root Fertilizer and root water;The determine root manure, which is used, adds thiram or carbendazim in dilute livestock and poultry liquid dung, root water, make per 50kg root waters Use 100g;
(8) field management
Capsicum transplant after repeatedly to be intertilled to Feng Hangqian loosen the soil, weeding and stop up root ridging, definite value live after every mu chase after 5kg ammonia Base acid activity liquid fertilizer chases after a tiller fertilizer, and peak period of bearing fruit is topdressed 6 times to latter stage is plucked, 45% composite fertilizer 20kg is imposed every time, is adopted The receipts phase sprays 0.2% amino acid and 0.5% potassium dihydrogen phosphate;
(9) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control
Epidemic disease is made every effort to overcome or Sukeling with general, and gray mold ten thousand mould spirits or vinclozolin, shot hole aijuntong or copper are noble, bacterium Core disease carbendazim Ultramicro-powder or dimethachlon, graywall iprodione or Mancozeb, basal stem rot add fenaminosulf, aphid with a gram bacterium Net with lice aphid or aphid lice is flutterred, Bemisia tabaci is with Acker is safe, pyrrole propane or day fourth, and cabbage caterpillar is with eliminating, safety hit or ten thousand clever, red spider, Yellow tea mite propargite, pyridaben;
(10) harvest
Selected a good opportunity to select a time according to market conditions and harvest listing in batches;Harvesting should clean rural area, harmless treatment in time after finishing Straw and discarded mulch film.
In the description of this specification, the description of reference term " one embodiment ", " example ", " specific example " etc. means At least one implementation of the present invention is contained in reference to specific features, structure, material or the feature that the embodiment or example are described In example or example.In this manual, identical embodiment or example are not necessarily referring to the schematic representation of above-mentioned term. Moreover, specific features, structure, material or the feature of description can be closed in any one or more embodiments or example Suitable mode is combined.
Finally it should be noted that present invention disclosed above preferred embodiment, which is only intended to help, illustrates the present invention.It is excellent Embodiment is selected not have all details of detailed descriptionthe, it is only described embodiment that the invention is not limited yet.Obviously, root According to the content of this specification, it can make many modifications and variations.This specification is chosen and specifically describes these embodiments, be in order to The principle and practical application of the present invention is preferably explained, so that skilled artisan can be best understood by and utilize The present invention.The invention is limited only by the claims and the full scope thereof and equivalents thereof.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of implantation methods of multi-resisting high-yield capsicum, it is characterised in that:The implantation methods include step in detail below:
(1) variety selection
Selection high temperature resistance, the kind that antiviral, disease-resistant, low temperature resistant, waterlogging, yield is high, fruit type is good, bright in colour are advisable, every mu Crop field sowing quantity 65g-75g;
(2) seedbed selection is with fostering and apply fertilizer
Select not plant for nearest -4 years 3.5 years that solanaceous vegetables, melon, cotton crop, loosing soil are fertile, the content of organic matter is high, row Convenient field is filled, every mu of crop field needs seedbed 21m2-25m2, -20 days 16 days every 23m before nursery2Apply the farmyard manure that becomes thoroughly decomposed in seedbed 260kg-300kg, dung polluted water 210kg-250kg, 45% composite fertilizer 2.6kg-3.0kg, are repeatedly turned over, and depth reaches more than 22cm;
(3) seed soaking and seed disinfection
Before seed soaking, seed is first dried into 2h-3h under dim light, is then scalded with 50 DEG C -60 DEG C of hot water and is planted and be stirred continuously 10min-15min, then with normal temperature 0.2%-0.3% vitamin C clear water solution seed soaking 2h-3h, then use 10% tertiary sodium phosphate Aqueous solution soaking 20min, dries in the air to micro- after cleaning repeatedly and dry waits to broadcast;
(4) sow
Sowing mid-April to mid-May is selected in, seedling age is -35 days 30 days, sows preceding seedbed and pours permeable, seed admixes fine earth, often Mu seeding in nursery bed 2.6kg-3.0kg, and the sieving Nutrition Soil that humidity is 65%-75% is covered, thickness is 1.1cm-1.3cm, most Covering with plastic film and arch shed membrane afterwards;
(5) seedling management
To take off arch shed membrane aeration-cooling when temperature is more than 30 DEG C before emerging, and shed and mulch film is sealed during less than 20 DEG C, after emerging Temperature of shed maintains 22 DEG C -28 DEG C, takes mulch film off when 60% emerges using shed overlay management, will after 100% emerges Seedbed soil property moistening is kept, being selected in noon waters, growing thin and weak seedling will topdress, and be refined when seedling is up to three true leaves Seedling, it is 1 to make red green stem ratio:2-3;
(6) crop field selection is with fostering and apply fertilizer
The yellowish-white soil or dust and sand soil for irrigating water drainage, loosing soil is fertile, the content of organic matter is high are easy in selection, and every mu of application is become thoroughly decomposed Animal dung 1600kg-1700kg, 45% composite fertilizer 65kg-75kg, borax 1.8kg, purity nitrogen fertilizer is not applied;
(7) site preparation does furrow and transplanting
Carry out two and plough two rakes, the narrow furrow of zanjon, the wide 1.0m of furrow, furrow width 0.4m, furrow ditch depth 0.25m, crop field surrounding ditch depth 0.3m, selection Fine day is transplanted, per ridge cultivation two row during transplanting, and spacing in the rows is 0.3m, and every mu is planted 2400 plants -2500 plants, while lifting, while transplants, side is poured calmly Root fertilizer and root water;
(8) field management
Capsicum transplant after repeatedly to be intertilled to Feng Hangqian loosen the soil, weeding and stop up root ridging, definite value live after every mu chase after 4kg-5kg ammonia Base acid activity liquid fertilizer chases after a tiller fertilizer, and peak period of bearing fruit is topdressed 4 times -6 times to latter stage is plucked, and 45% composite fertilizer is imposed every time 15kg-20kg, picking time sprays 0.2% amino acid and 0.5% potassium dihydrogen phosphate;
(9) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control
Epidemic disease is made every effort to overcome or Sukeling with general, and gray mold ten thousand mould spirits or vinclozolin, shot hole aijuntong or copper are noble, sclerotiniose With carbendazim Ultramicro-powder or dimethachlon, graywall iprodione or Mancozeb, basal stem rot add fenaminosulf with a gram bacterium, and aphid is with flutterring Lice aphid or aphid lice are net, and Bemisia tabaci is with Acker is safe, pyrrole propane or day fourth, and cabbage caterpillar is with eliminating, safety hit or ten thousand spirits, red spider, tea Huangs Mite propargite, pyridaben;
(10) harvest
Selected a good opportunity to select a time according to market conditions and harvest listing in batches;Harvesting should clean rural area, harmless treatment straw in time after finishing With discarded mulch film.
2. a kind of implantation methods of multi-resisting high-yield capsicum according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described in step (4) Nutrition Soil macerated and be made by the component raw material hybrid reactor of following parts by weight:Maize straw 40-50, plant ash 10-15, cow dung 20- 30th, sawdust 10-20, zinc sulfate 0.01-0.02, sodium selenite 0.01-0.02, ammonium molybdate 0.2-0.4, borax 0.5-1.0, shell Powder 2-3, urea 2-3, extracts of Chinese herbal medicine 4-5, heteroauxin 0.01-0.05, borneol 3-4 hybrid reactors are macerated and are made, wherein medium-height grass Medicament extracting solution is 2 times of -3 times of amount ethanol extracts of the mass ratioes such as frutus cnidii, the coptis, kuh-seng, juglandis folia, rhizome of cyrtomium.
3. a kind of implantation methods of multi-resisting high-yield capsicum according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described in step (4) The consumption of fine earth is 16 times -17 times of seed consumption.
4. a kind of implantation methods of multi-resisting high-yield capsicum according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step (5) described life Long thin and weak seedling sprays 0.2% Freamine Ⅲ or the solution of 0.3% composite fertilizers of Jiao Shi 45%, every 4 days -5 days 1 time.
5. a kind of implantation methods of multi-resisting high-yield capsicum according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described in step (7) Determine root manure, which is used, adds thiram or carbendazim in dilute livestock and poultry liquid dung, root water, 50g-100g is used per 50kg root waters.
CN201710120685.7A 2017-03-02 2017-03-02 A kind of implantation methods of multi-resisting high-yield capsicum Pending CN106982616A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107787781A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-03-13 遵义菻源农业发展有限公司 A kind of pepper planting method
CN107980503A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-05-04 当涂县黄池蔬菜产销专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods for preventing green pepper soil-borne disease
CN108293360A (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-07-20 安徽省华禾种业有限公司 A kind of pepper seed method for culturing seedlings
CN108849292A (en) * 2018-04-20 2018-11-23 申琳 A kind of cultural method of high yield vegetables
CN109699406A (en) * 2017-10-26 2019-05-03 遵义昌永农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of red pepper high-yield planting technology

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CN103975713A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-08-13 马鞍山绿九湾瓜果蔬菜种植有限公司 Autumn delayed overwintering on-field fresh-keeping cultivation method for greenhouse peppers
CN104272969A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-01-14 和县鑫发农业发展有限公司 Over-summering hot pepper field cultivation method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103975713A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-08-13 马鞍山绿九湾瓜果蔬菜种植有限公司 Autumn delayed overwintering on-field fresh-keeping cultivation method for greenhouse peppers
CN104272969A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-01-14 和县鑫发农业发展有限公司 Over-summering hot pepper field cultivation method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109699406A (en) * 2017-10-26 2019-05-03 遵义昌永农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of red pepper high-yield planting technology
CN107787781A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-03-13 遵义菻源农业发展有限公司 A kind of pepper planting method
CN107980503A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-05-04 当涂县黄池蔬菜产销专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods for preventing green pepper soil-borne disease
CN108293360A (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-07-20 安徽省华禾种业有限公司 A kind of pepper seed method for culturing seedlings
CN108849292A (en) * 2018-04-20 2018-11-23 申琳 A kind of cultural method of high yield vegetables

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