CN108522179A - A kind of implantation methods of rice - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of rice Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108522179A
CN108522179A CN201810225695.1A CN201810225695A CN108522179A CN 108522179 A CN108522179 A CN 108522179A CN 201810225695 A CN201810225695 A CN 201810225695A CN 108522179 A CN108522179 A CN 108522179A
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China
Prior art keywords
rice
seed
seedling
per acre
sprays
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Pending
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CN201810225695.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁志钦
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丁志钦
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Priority to CN201810225695.1A priority Critical patent/CN108522179A/en
Publication of CN108522179A publication Critical patent/CN108522179A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/20Cereals
    • A01G22/22Rice
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/02Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/04Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom
    • A01N43/06Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom five-membered rings
    • A01N43/12Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms with one hetero atom five-membered rings condensed with a carbocyclic ring
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/34Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom
    • A01N43/36Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom five-membered rings
    • A01N43/38Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom five-membered rings condensed with carbocyclic rings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N63/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing microorganisms, viruses, microbial fungi, animals or substances produced by, or obtained from, microorganisms, viruses, microbial fungi or animals, e.g. enzymes or fermentates

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of implantation methods of rice, the present invention carries out seed soaking using seed soaking agent, improves percentage of seedgermination, improve the yield of rice;Nursery is carried out by mud in aquaculture pond, the use of effective microorganisms(EM) is cooperateed with, can effectively improve the quality of rice, enhance the disease resistance of rice;The reasonable employment of various fertilizer and growth stimulator can increase the diameter of spike of rice, improve the yield of rice, improve economic benefit;Meanwhile, it is capable to shorten the growth period of spike of rice, convenient for harvesting;And ensure that rice root, bud harmonic growth, radical bud is sturdy, the grain of rice is full.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of rice
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of rice cultivation.
Background technology
Rice originates in Tropical Asian, after China widely plants, gradually travels to all over the world.According to different methods, Rice can be divided into long-grained nonglutinous rice and japonica rice, early rice and middle late rice, glutinous rice and non-glutinous rice.China scientist Yuan Longping is to hybrid rice Research makes a great contribution, and is known as " father of hybrid rice ".Rice seed, that is, paddy claims big after paddy (grain) decladding Rice, scented rice, rice.Nearly half population in the world is all food with rice.The eating method of rice is varied, there is rice, rice Congee, rice cake, rice cake, rice wine etc..Rice can also make wine in addition to edible, refine sugar and make the raw material of industry, rice husk, rice straw, Ke Yizuo For feed.China rice main producing region is mainly the Northeast, the Yangtze river basin, Pearl River Delta.Belong to direct economy crop.Or generation The staple food of the one third mankind in boundary.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of implantation methods of rice, can improve the plantation yield of rice, and pesticide is used Amount is few, green, environmental protection, pollution-free, drug residue free, it is ensured that the safety of eater.
To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of implantation methods of rice, include the following steps:
(1) seed treatment:With the brine of 1.5-3%, not full rice paddy seed is floated, saturation is picked out Seed is sowed, then the sowing seed for the saturation selected is killed to the bulbil for being attached to the surface of the seed using carbendazim spraying And mycelia, after clear water washing, 12-24h is impregnated with seed soaking agent, the seed soaking agent is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:EM 10-20 parts of the heteroauxin of 10-20 parts of dilution of 100 times of former dew, 20-30 parts of the gibberellin of 70mg/L, 50mg/L;
(2) nursery:Using seedling plate seedling raising, rice seedling bed is arranged, seedling-cultivation plate is put on rice seedling bed, with aquaculture pond mud and fully corruption Ripe organic fertilizer and river sand is sieved after mixing, is made into seedling medium, and treated rice paddy seed is pressed to the amount in 3-5/hole It is sprinkled into the aperture of seedling-cultivation plate, standard is just covered as by mud with seed, take arched shed after having sowed on seedling bed, on arched shed Semitransparent thin film is covered, it is 45-60 DEG C to keep temperature of shed, carries out vernalization;
(3) it transplants:After upper season rice harvesting, by rice straw returning to the field, soil deeptillage;Before rice transplanting, to crop field into Row site preparation, crop field are poured water in advance, and suppressing weed seed germination is promoted to grow, and are then raked the soil level, the clear weeds grown, crop field After having arranged, rice transplanting when temperature is stablized more than 12 DEG C;
(4) fertilizing management:Tillering stage, per acre spray 0.3% paclobutrazol solution 40L and 1.5-2g brassin lactones, 2-3g ammonium sulfate carries out adjusting and controlling growth processing;The young spike development phase applies people and animals' liquid dung 600kg, phosphate fertilizer 10-12kg, effective microorganisms(EM) per acre 300 times of dilution 6-15kg, cake fertilizer 15-20kg;In milk stage, foliar fertilizer is applied, using 0.1-0.2% boraxs and 0.1-0.2% Sea green element solution continuously sprays 2-3 times, and sprays 1.2-2.4 grams of brassin lactones per acre;When into dough stage, plant is given birth to Long conditioning agent is diluted to 400-500 times, then sprays dilution to plant, and the amount of spraying is to spray 30-35kg per acre;
(5) water management:Shallow-wet-dry intermittent irrigation is taken before ear differentiation to heading, shallow water wetting irrigation for paddy field after heading, Promote root growth;
(6) it gathers in:When spike of rice is golden yellow sagging, gathered in.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:The present invention carries out seed soaking using seed soaking agent, improves percentage of seedgermination, improves The yield of rice;Nursery is carried out by mud in aquaculture pond, the use of effective microorganisms(EM) is cooperateed with, can effectively improve the quality of rice, Enhance the disease resistance of rice;The reasonable employment of various fertilizer and growth stimulator can increase the diameter of spike of rice, improve rice Yield, improve economic benefit;Meanwhile, it is capable to shorten the growth period of spike of rice, convenient for harvesting;And it ensure that rice root, bud association Growth is adjusted, radical bud is sturdy, the grain of rice is full.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make objects and advantages of the present invention be more clearly understood, the present invention is carried out with reference to embodiments further It is described in detail.
Embodiment 1
(1) seed treatment:With 2% brine, not full rice paddy seed is floated, is picked out the sowing of saturation Then the sowing seed for the saturation selected is killed the bulbil and bacterium for being attached to the surface of the seed by seed using carbendazim spraying Silk after clear water washing, impregnates 20h, the seed soaking agent is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight with seed soaking agent:Effective microorganisms(EM) 100 20 parts of the heteroauxin of times 20 parts of dilution, 30 parts of the gibberellin of 70mg/L, 50mg/L;
(2) nursery:Using seedling plate seedling raising, rice seedling bed is arranged, seedling-cultivation plate is put on rice seedling bed, with aquaculture pond mud and fully corruption Ripe organic fertilizer and river sand is sieved after mixing, is made into seedling medium, and treated rice paddy seed is pressed to the amount in 3-5/hole It is sprinkled into the aperture of seedling-cultivation plate, standard is just covered as by mud with seed, take arched shed after having sowed on seedling bed, on arched shed Semitransparent thin film is covered, it is 45-60 DEG C to keep temperature of shed, carries out vernalization;
(3) it transplants:After upper season rice harvesting, by rice straw returning to the field, soil deeptillage;Before rice transplanting, to crop field into Row site preparation, crop field are poured water in advance, and suppressing weed seed germination is promoted to grow, and are then raked the soil level, the clear weeds grown, crop field After having arranged, rice transplanting when temperature is stablized more than 12 DEG C;
(4) fertilizing management:Tillering stage sprays brassin lactones, the 2-3g of 0.3% paclobutrazol solution 40L and 2g per acre Ammonium sulfate carries out adjusting and controlling growth processing;The young spike development phase applies people and animals' liquid dung 600kg, phosphate fertilizer 10-12kg, 300 times of effective microorganisms(EM) per acre Dilution 15kg, cake fertilizer 20kg;In milk stage, foliar fertilizer is applied, using the sea green plain solution of 0.1-0.2% boraxs and 0.1-0.2% Continuous spray 2-3 times, and the brassin lactones of 1.2g are sprayed per acre;When into dough stage, plant growth regulator is diluted to 400-500 times, dilution then is sprayed to plant, the amount of spraying is to spray 30-35kg per acre;
(5) water management:Shallow-wet-dry intermittent irrigation is taken before ear differentiation to heading, shallow water wetting irrigation for paddy field after heading, Promote root growth;
(6) it gathers in:When spike of rice is golden yellow sagging, gathered in.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of implantation methods of rice, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
(1) seed treatment:With the brine of 1.5-3%, not full rice paddy seed is floated, is picked out the sowing of saturation Then the sowing seed for the saturation selected is killed the bulbil and bacterium for being attached to the surface of the seed by seed using carbendazim spraying Silk after clear water washing, impregnates 12-24h, the seed soaking agent is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight with seed soaking agent:Effective microorganisms(EM) 10-20 parts of the heteroauxin of 100 times of 10-20 parts of dilutions, 20-30 parts of the gibberellin of 70mg/L, 50mg/L;
(2) nursery:Using seedling plate seedling raising, arrange rice seedling bed, seedling-cultivation plate put on rice seedling bed, with aquaculture pond mud with it is fully decomposed Organic fertilizer and river sand are sieved after mixing, are made into seedling medium, and by treated, rice paddy seed is sprinkled by the amount in 3-5/hole In the aperture of seedling-cultivation plate, standard is just covered as by mud with seed, arched shed is taken after having sowed on seedling bed, is covered on arched shed Semitransparent thin film, it is 45-60 DEG C to keep temperature of shed, carries out vernalization;
(3) it transplants:After upper season rice harvesting, by rice straw returning to the field, soil deeptillage;Before rice transplanting, crop field is carried out whole Ground, crop field are poured water in advance, and suppressing weed seed germination is promoted to grow, and are then raked the soil level, and the clear weeds grown, crop field arranges After complete, rice transplanting when temperature is stablized more than 12 DEG C;
(4) fertilizing management:Tillering stage sprays brassin lactones, the 2-3g of 0.3% paclobutrazol solution 40L and 1.5-2g per acre Ammonium sulfate carries out adjusting and controlling growth processing;The young spike development phase applies people and animals' liquid dung 600kg, phosphate fertilizer 10-12kg, 300 times of effective microorganisms(EM) per acre Dilution 6-15kg, cake fertilizer 15-20kg;In milk stage, foliar fertilizer is applied, using 0.1-0.2% boraxs and the sea green elements of 0.1-0.2% Solution continuously sprays 2-3 times, and sprays 1.2-2.4 grams of brassin lactones per acre;When into dough stage, by plant growth regulating Then dilution agent sprays dilution at 400-500 times to plant, the amount of spraying is to spray 30-35kg per acre;
(5) water management:Shallow-wet-dry intermittent irrigation is taken before ear differentiation to heading, shallow water wetting irrigation for paddy field after heading promotes Root growth;
(6) it gathers in:When spike of rice is golden yellow sagging, gathered in.
CN201810225695.1A 2018-03-20 2018-03-20 A kind of implantation methods of rice Pending CN108522179A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810225695.1A CN108522179A (en) 2018-03-20 2018-03-20 A kind of implantation methods of rice

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810225695.1A CN108522179A (en) 2018-03-20 2018-03-20 A kind of implantation methods of rice

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CN108522179A true CN108522179A (en) 2018-09-14

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109618845A (en) * 2019-01-07 2019-04-16 安徽侬多丰农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method of rice two excellent 711
CN110178669A (en) * 2019-05-09 2019-08-30 湘潭顺天农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of cultural method of selenium-rich five colours rice

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105993749A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-10-12 广西兆和种业有限公司 Paddy rice cultivation method
CN106212140A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-14 柳州市绿州种植专业合作社 The implantation methods of Oryza sativa L.
CN106508539A (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-03-22 苏州漕湖农发生物农业有限公司 Organic rice cultivating method

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105993749A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-10-12 广西兆和种业有限公司 Paddy rice cultivation method
CN106212140A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-14 柳州市绿州种植专业合作社 The implantation methods of Oryza sativa L.
CN106508539A (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-03-22 苏州漕湖农发生物农业有限公司 Organic rice cultivating method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109618845A (en) * 2019-01-07 2019-04-16 安徽侬多丰农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method of rice two excellent 711
CN110178669A (en) * 2019-05-09 2019-08-30 湘潭顺天农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of cultural method of selenium-rich five colours rice

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Application publication date: 20180914