CN104855107A - Planting technology for sour-declined and sweetness-risen tomatoes - Google Patents

Planting technology for sour-declined and sweetness-risen tomatoes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104855107A
CN104855107A CN201510275144.2A CN201510275144A CN104855107A CN 104855107 A CN104855107 A CN 104855107A CN 201510275144 A CN201510275144 A CN 201510275144A CN 104855107 A CN104855107 A CN 104855107A
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China
Prior art keywords
planting
soil
tomatoes
sour
sweetness
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Pending
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CN201510275144.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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劳炳凤
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劳炳凤
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Priority to CN201510275144.2A priority Critical patent/CN104855107A/en
Publication of CN104855107A publication Critical patent/CN104855107A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention relates to a planting technology for sour-declined and sweetness-risen tomatoes. The planting technology for sour-declined and sweetness-risen tomatoes mainly comprises the planting steps that 1, dry land planting is performed under the land conditions of 15-30% of soil moisture content and 7-9 soil potential of hydrogen (PH); 2, planting is performed under the condition of the temperature ranging from 15 DEG C to 25 DEG C for all seasons; 3, an improved variety is selected, namely a sweet short-shoot early-maturing variety which is well-adapted, disease-resistant and high-quality is selected; 4, 10% of trisodium phosphate solution is adopted to soak seeds for 20 minutes for sterilization and disinfection before seed sowing; 5, an alkaline compound fertilizer is used for bacterium proofing and pest killing in seedling management; 6, the water content of dry soil is kept to be 8-15% before harvest time. By the adoption of the planting technology for the sour-declined and sweetness-risen tomatoes, planted tomatoes are slightly sour and sweet through dry land planting, soil moisture content regulation, moisture regulation, appropriate fertilizer application, planting variety selection and scientific management and have the advantages of high-quality fruits.

Description

A kind of planting technology subtracting the sweet tomato of acid increasing
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of planting technology of tomato, particularly a kind ofly subtract acid and increase sweet growing tomatoes technology, belong to agricultural technology field.
Background technology
Tomato (Tomato) calls tomato, tomato, ancient name persimmon in June, report of good news ternary.In Peru and Mexico, be referred to as at first " wolf peach ".Fruits nutrition enriches, tool flavour.There is weight-reducing, dispelling fatigue, improve a poor appetite, improve digestion to protein, reduce the effects such as gasteremphraxis dyspepsia.When eating tomato dietotherapy fat-reducing, the herbaceous plant that tomato (tomato) is product with ripe succulence berry.Every 100 grams of fresh fruit moisture contents about 94 grams, 2.5 ~ 3.8 grams, carbohydrate, O.6 ~ 1.2 grams, protein, Catergen 0 ~ 30 milligram, and carotin, mineral salt, organic acid etc.
Tomato height 0.6-2 rice, all raw cement glandular hairs, have overpowering odor.Stem easily lodges.Leaf winglike compound leaf or pinniform drastic crack, long 10-40 centimetre, leaflet irregular, differs in size, normal 5-9 piece, avette or square is circular, long 5-7 centimetre, and there are irregular sawtooth or sliver in edge.Inflorescence always obstructs long 2-5 centimetre, a normal 3-7 flower; The long 1-1.5 centimetre of bennet; Calyx spoke shape, sliver lanceolar, during fruit, place is deposited; Corolla spoke shape, diameter about 2 centimetres, yellow.Berry oblate spheroid shape or closely spherical, meat and succulence liquid, orange colour or cerise, smooth; Seed is yellow.Flowering fruit bearing stage summer and autumn.
Although tomato is a kind of thin dish class fruit, but because its shape and size are applicable to the characteristic of fruit, also can eat raw instant, liking very by some, but the tomato of most of kind, because tart flavour is too heavy, sugar is very few, is still not suitable for the requirement of most of people as fruit.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of implantation methods of tomato, this implantation methods can increase the sugar content of tomato, makes tomato more welcomed by the people, and this implantation methods is applicable to all tomato varieties.
A kind of planting technology subtracting the sweet tomato of acid increasing is undertaken by plantation step below: one, soil condition: nonirrigated farmland is planted, select the nonirrigated farmland plantation being easy to draining and irrigation, soil intensive cultivation, soil moisture content 15 ~ 30%, regulate soil acidity or alkalinity PH7 ~ 9 with quicklime, set up seedling ridge-up bed; Two, temperature condition: set up green house control plantation temperature at 15 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C, season regardless of; Three, select breeding, select the short seedling early-maturing variety of strong adaptability, disease-resistant, high-quality, sugariness; Four, to soak seed 20 minutes sterilizations with 10% trisodium phosphate solution before planting seed, the warm clear water of rear use 50 DEG C soaks clean liquid, is seeded on seedbed, seed spacing 20cm ~ 30cm; Five, seedling management: thinning, to fill the gaps with seedlings, fertilising uses alkaline compound fertilizer, the repeatedly a small amount of fertilising of number, and the phase of bearing fruit inserts support bar, regularly uses the fungi-proofing deinsectization of agricultural chemicals; Six, stop front ten days harvest times irrigating and using agricultural chemicals, keep dry soil moisture content 8 ~ 15%.
Tomato happiness temperature, the temperature that daytime is suitable for is 25 DEG C ~ 28 DEG C, night 16 DEG C ~ 18 DEG C.Lower than 15 DEG C, tomato seeds germination, Pollination Fertilization and tomato turn red and are affected: lower than 10 DEG C, poor growth, reproductive development is suppressed, and when 5 DEG C, cauline leaf stops growing, and 2 DEG C are then damaged to plants caused by sudden drop in temperature, and is namely freezed to death for 0 DEG C.Be affected higher than 35 DEG C of reproductive developments, higher than 40 DEG C of physiologic derangements, heat is dead.Sufficient illumination, the suitable temperature difference are beneficial to the accumulation of nutrient and turn ripe, promote plant healthy development, prevent excessive growth, strengthen disease-resistant, the anti-adversity ability of tomato, improve output.Tomato fertilizer requirement is comparatively large, all should ensure sufficient nutrition each period, but each growthdevelopmental stage has different again to fertilizer amount demand, and early stage stresses nitrogenous fertilizer, and the later stage stresses potash fertilizer, and the demand of phosphate fertilizer implements breeding time all the time.But the demand of potash fertilizer will be ensured between whole breeding time.In tomato production, reply tomato carries out rational application of fertilizers.Produce 100 kilograms of tomatoes and need 0.4 kilogram, nitrogen, 0.45 kilogram, phosphorus, 0.44 kilogram, potassium.By per mu yield 5000 kilograms calculating, should impose in time " Sheng Guofei ", at this moment fertilizer requirement is large, and fertilizing amount should suitably increase, and every mu imposes 29 kilograms, ammonium sulfate, superphosphate 18 kilograms, potassium sulfate 20 kilograms at every turn by stages.Old dish canopy is noted executing containing the many compost of stalk more, and the bird muck such as Shaoshi chicken manure, duck excrement, can recover soil fertility like this, supplements carbonic acid gas in canopy, to desalination, alleviates continuous cropping obstacle etc. and is also beneficial to.
Prepare Nutrition Soil by a certain percentage, require that the porosity about 60%, ph6-7. of Nutrition Soil is containing more than rapid available phosphorus 100 mg/kg, more than available potassium 100 mg/kg, available nitrogen 150 mg/kg, loose, fertilizer conservation, water conservation, nutrition is complete.The Nutrition Soil prepared evenly is laid on seed bed (thickness 10 centimetres), or in seedling-cultivating tray.
A kind ofly subtract the beneficial effect of planting technology that acid increases sweet tomato and be: a kind of subtract planting technology that acid increases sweet tomato by selecting nonirrigated farmland plantation, the adjustment of soil moisture content, alkalescence regulate, suitablely the using of fertilizer, the selection of varieties of plant, the management of science, the tomato of planting out is micro-sour-sweet refreshing, is applicable to the characteristic of fancy fruit.
Embodiment
A kind of planting technology subtracting the sweet tomato of acid increasing implements to carry out by implantation methods below.
One, soil condition: nonirrigated farmland is planted, select the nonirrigated farmland plantation being easy to draining and irrigation, soil intensive cultivation, soil moisture content 15 ~ 30%, regulates soil acidity or alkalinity PH7 ~ 9 with quicklime, sets up seedling ridge-up bed.
Two, temperature condition: set up green house control plantation temperature at 15 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C, season regardless of, daytime suitably should add booth chamber ventilated amount, makes temperature of shed remain on about 25 DEG C.Nocturnal temperature remains between 15 ~ 25 DEG C.When starting to leak informaton, the mouth that leaks informaton should be ascending, from less to more, diminished in air port gradually or close after afternoon mercury dropped.
Three, select breeding, select the short seedling early-maturing variety of strong adaptability, disease-resistant, high-quality, sugariness; Four, to soak seed 20 minutes sterilizations with 10% trisodium phosphate solution before planting seed, the warm clear water of rear use 50 DEG C soaks clean liquid, is seeded on seedbed, seed spacing 20cm ~ 30cm.
Four, to soak seed 20 minutes sterilizations with 10% trisodium phosphate solution before planting seed, the warm clear water of rear use 50 DEG C soaks clean liquid, is seeded on seedbed, seed spacing 20cm ~ 30cm.
Five, do a good job of it breeding period administration, comprise intertill and clean tillage, retain and conserve soil moisture, built ties up climing, training is pruned, remove Lao Ye, ventilation and penetrating light, reinforcement prevention and elimination of disease and pests, strengthen the measures such as temperature treatment.
Six, stop front ten days harvest times irrigating and using agricultural chemicals, keep dry soil moisture content 8 ~ 15%.

Claims (1)

1. subtract the planting technology that acid increases sweet tomato, it is characterized in that being undertaken by plantation step below: one, soil condition: nonirrigated farmland is planted, select the nonirrigated farmland plantation being easy to draining and irrigation, soil intensive cultivation, soil moisture content 15 ~ 30%, regulates soil acidity or alkalinity PH7 ~ 9 with quicklime, sets up seedling ridge-up bed; Two, temperature condition: set up green house control plantation temperature at 15 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C, season regardless of; Three, select breeding, select the short seedling early-maturing variety of strong adaptability, disease-resistant, high-quality, sugariness; Four, to soak seed 20 minutes sterilizations with 10% trisodium phosphate solution before planting seed, the warm clear water of rear use 50 DEG C soaks clean liquid, is seeded on seedbed, seed spacing 20cm ~ 30cm; Five, seedling management: thinning, to fill the gaps with seedlings, fertilising uses alkaline compound fertilizer, the repeatedly a small amount of fertilising of number, and the phase of bearing fruit inserts support bar, regularly uses the fungi-proofing deinsectization of agricultural chemicals; Six, stop front ten days harvest times irrigating and using agricultural chemicals, keep dry soil moisture content 8 ~ 15%.
CN201510275144.2A 2015-05-27 2015-05-27 Planting technology for sour-declined and sweetness-risen tomatoes Pending CN104855107A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510275144.2A CN104855107A (en) 2015-05-27 2015-05-27 Planting technology for sour-declined and sweetness-risen tomatoes

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510275144.2A CN104855107A (en) 2015-05-27 2015-05-27 Planting technology for sour-declined and sweetness-risen tomatoes

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CN104855107A true CN104855107A (en) 2015-08-26

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CN201510275144.2A Pending CN104855107A (en) 2015-05-27 2015-05-27 Planting technology for sour-declined and sweetness-risen tomatoes

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105961020A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-09-28 沈阳农业大学 Method for cultivating high-sugar tomatoes in bags in sunlight greenhouse
CN109220624A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-01-18 贵州长山长顺农业发展有限公司 A kind of planting technology subtracting the sweetened tomato of acid

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104145697A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-11-19 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 Planting method of seedless tomatoes
CN104221642A (en) * 2013-06-16 2014-12-24 李元根 Hemp-pole shelf tomato cultivation technology
CN104541866A (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-04-29 沈阳农业大学 Fertilizing method for organic tomato cultivation

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104221642A (en) * 2013-06-16 2014-12-24 李元根 Hemp-pole shelf tomato cultivation technology
CN104145697A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-11-19 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 Planting method of seedless tomatoes
CN104541866A (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-04-29 沈阳农业大学 Fertilizing method for organic tomato cultivation

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
周元亮等: "高寒山区西红柿温室大棚栽培技术", 《农民致富之友》 *
王玉堂: "夏季番茄育苗技术", 《农技服务》 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105961020A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-09-28 沈阳农业大学 Method for cultivating high-sugar tomatoes in bags in sunlight greenhouse
CN109220624A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-01-18 贵州长山长顺农业发展有限公司 A kind of planting technology subtracting the sweetened tomato of acid

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