CN116391577B - Planting method of high-quality tomatoes - Google Patents

Planting method of high-quality tomatoes Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN116391577B
CN116391577B CN202310671586.3A CN202310671586A CN116391577B CN 116391577 B CN116391577 B CN 116391577B CN 202310671586 A CN202310671586 A CN 202310671586A CN 116391577 B CN116391577 B CN 116391577B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
chlorine dioxide
tomato
tomatoes
water content
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202310671586.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN116391577A (en
Inventor
夏海波
胡莹莹
丁卓
周帅
田素波
李英杰
国艳春
桑军永
胡永军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
National Vegetable Quality Standard Center
Shandong Shouguang Vegetable Industry Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
National Vegetable Quality Standard Center
Shandong Shouguang Vegetable Industry Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by National Vegetable Quality Standard Center, Shandong Shouguang Vegetable Industry Group Co Ltd filed Critical National Vegetable Quality Standard Center
Priority to CN202310671586.3A priority Critical patent/CN116391577B/en
Publication of CN116391577A publication Critical patent/CN116391577A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN116391577B publication Critical patent/CN116391577B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/05Fruit crops, e.g. strawberries, tomatoes or cucumbers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern

Abstract

The invention discloses a planting method of high-quality tomatoes, which belongs to the technical field of vegetable planting, and comprises soil water control treatment and tomato plant chlorine dioxide aqueous solution treatment in stages in the growing period of the tomatoes; the soil water control treatment is carried out in stages in the growing period of the tomatoes, after the tomato field planting, field planting water is poured to enable the relative water content of the soil to reach 100%, the relative water content of the soil is controlled to be 70% -80% before the 4 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, the relative water content of the soil is controlled to be 60% -70% before the 6 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, and then the relative water content of the soil is controlled to be 40% -50%; the invention can ensure the normal yield of tomatoes and solve the cultivation problems of common taste and poor flavor of tomatoes.

Description

Planting method of high-quality tomatoes
Technical Field
The invention relates to a planting method of high-quality tomatoes, and belongs to the technical field of vegetable planting.
Background
The vegetable industry in China is in the initial stage of the transition from pursuit quantity to high quality, and with the improvement of the living standard of people, consumers have higher requirements on the quality, flavor, nutrition and safety of vegetable products, and the requirements on the vegetable products are changed from quantity to quality. Tomatoes are mainly consumed vegetable varieties, high-quality tomato products are urgently needed in the market, but the problems of unstable quality, contradiction between yield and quality and the like in tomato production are increasingly prominent, and the requirements of consumers on the high-quality tomatoes are difficult to meet. In the prior art, high-quality tomato cultivation is realized by controlling water in soil, so that the tomato has good taste, and the yield is reduced by more than 30%. How to break through the control technology which restricts the balance of the yield and the quality of the tomatoes, becomes a key factor for success of high-quality cultivation of the tomatoes.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems, the invention provides a high-quality tomato planting method which can ensure the normal yield of tomatoes and solve the cultivation problems of common taste and poor flavor of tomatoes.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a planting method of high-quality tomatoes comprises two steps of soil water control treatment in a stage of tomato growing period and chlorine dioxide aqueous solution treatment of tomato plants;
the soil water control treatment is carried out in stages in the growing period of the tomatoes, after the tomato field planting, field planting water is poured to enable the relative water content of the soil to reach 100%, the relative water content of the soil is controlled to be 70% -80% before the 4 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, the relative water content of the soil is controlled to be 60% -70% before the 6 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, and then the relative water content of the soil is controlled to be 40% -50%;
the tomato growing period is treated by soil water control stage by stage, single-trunk pruning is carried out after the tomato is planted, 6 scions are reserved for each plant, and 3 leaves are reserved for pinching and topping after the last scion;
the tomato plant chlorine dioxide aqueous solution is treated, and when the 3 rd spike fruit of the tomato grows to be 1-2cm in size, the chlorine dioxide aqueous solution is used for carrying out first spraying on leaf surfaces; when the 5 th spike fruits grow to 1-2cm in size, spraying the aqueous solution of chlorine dioxide on the leaf surfaces for the second time;
the concentration of the chlorine dioxide aqueous solution for the first spraying is 5-7.5 mug/kg, 667m 2 The spray amount was 30kg;
the concentration of chlorine dioxide water solution in the second spraying is 7.5-10 μg/kg,667m 2 The spray amount was 30kg;
the tomato plants are treated by the chlorine dioxide aqueous solution, and the spraying of the chlorine dioxide aqueous solution is carried out in the evening.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) According to the cultivation method of the high-quality tomatoes, disclosed by the invention, the water is controlled in stages and the low-concentration chlorine dioxide is regulated and controlled in the growing period of the tomatoes, so that the taste of the tomatoes can be improved under the normal yield level, the soluble sugar content of the fruits can be improved to 6.13% -6.81%, and the soluble sugar content of the fruits is improved by more than 50% compared with that under the normal watering management condition;
(2) The cultivation method of the high-quality tomatoes is beneficial to solving the technical problem of high incidence rate of tomato fruit navel rot caused by soil water shortage.
Detailed Description
The following examples are illustrative of the present invention and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
Example 1
The tomato cultivation in winter and spring in the sunlight greenhouse is carried out, and the planting variety is Lu Shougong cattle. Sowing 10 months and 10 days, planting 11 months and 19 days, pruning, reserving 6 scions of each plant, reserving 3 leaves after the last scion, pinching off the tips and topping.
After field planting, one-time field planting water is poured to enable the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm to reach 100%, after the field planting water is poured to enable the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm to naturally drop to 80%, the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is controlled to be 70% -80% before the 4 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, and when the 4 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is naturally dropped to 70%, the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is controlled to be 60-70% before the fruit of the 6 th spike grows to 1-2cm, the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is naturally reduced to be 50% when the fruit of the 6 th spike grows to 1-2cm, and the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is controlled to be 40-50%.
Spraying chlorine dioxide water solution with concentration of 7.5 mug/kg on leaf surface when 3 rd spike fruit of tomato grows to 1-2cm, 667m 2 The liquid spraying amount is 30kg; spraying chlorine dioxide water solution with concentration of 10 mug/kg on leaf surface when the 5 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, 667m 2 The spraying amount is 30kg, and the spraying of the chlorine dioxide aqueous solution should be performed in the evening.
Comparative example 1
On the basis of the embodiment 1, the treatment link of the chlorine dioxide aqueous solution of the tomato plants is reduced, namely, a conventional soil water control method is adopted.
After field planting, one-time field planting water is poured to enable the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm to reach 100%, after the field planting water is poured to enable the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm to naturally drop to 80%, the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is controlled to be 70% -80% before the 4 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is naturally dropped to 70% after the 4 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is controlled to be 60% -70% before the 6 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, and the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is controlled to be 40% -50% after the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is naturally dropped to be 50% after the 6 th spike fruit grows to 1-2 cm.
Comparative example 2
On the basis of the embodiment 1, the soil water control treatment link is omitted, namely, a conventional water control free and chlorine dioxide regulation method is adopted.
And (3) normal watering management is carried out after the tomato field planting, and water is not controlled in the whole growing period. Spraying chlorine dioxide water solution with concentration of 7.5 mug/kg on leaf surface when 3 rd spike fruit of tomato grows to 1-2cm, 667m 2 The liquid spraying amount is 30kg; spraying chlorine dioxide water solution with concentration of 10 mug/kg on leaf surface when the 5 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, 667m 2 The spraying amount is 30kg, and the spraying of the chlorine dioxide aqueous solution should be performed in the evening.
Comparative example 3
On the basis of example 1, a conventional water-free method was employed.
And the tomatoes are normally watered and managed after field planting, water is not controlled in the whole growing period, and chlorine dioxide regulation and control are not adopted.
800m 2 Sunlight greenhouse divides 4 equal parts, 200m each 2 Setting 4 treatments, and sequentially applying base fertilizer to each treatment before tomato field planting in the example 1, the comparative example 2 and the comparative example 3, wherein the base fertilizer and the additional fertilizer are the same in each treatment in the growing period according to the conventional additional fertilizer.
And harvesting fruits according to treatment according to the growth condition of the fruits in the whole growing period, and visually inspecting occurrence condition of the tomato fruit umbilical rot, and respectively counting yield and incidence rate of the fruit umbilical rot. 10 fruits were randomly taken for each treatment at the time of harvest, and the soluble sugar content of the fruits was examined.
Test results, 667m 2 Yield: the yields of example 1, comparative example 2 and comparative example 3 were 8165.2kg, 5828.1kg, 8276.5kg and 8171.8kg, respectively, were not significantly different from each other, and the yields of comparative example 1, comparative example 2 and comparative example 3 were significantly different from each other; incidence of fruit umbilical rot example 1, comparative example 2 and comparative example 3 were 0, 12.5%, 0 and 0, respectively; fruit soluble sugar content example 1, comparative example 2 and comparative example 3 were 6.81%, 6.58%, 4.36% and 4.15%, respectively, the difference between example 1 and comparative example 1 was not significant, the difference between comparative example 2 and comparative example 3 was not significant, and the difference between example 1 and comparative example 3 was significant.
Example 2
The tomato cultivation in autumn and winter in the sunlight greenhouse is carried out, and the planting variety is medium and mixed 301. Sowing for 8 months and 10 days, planting for 9 months and 11 days, pruning, reserving 6 scions of each plant, reserving 3 leaves after the last scion, pinching and topping.
After field planting, field planting water is poured to enable the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm to reach 100%, after the field planting water is poured to enable the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm to naturally drop to 80%, the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is controlled to be 70% -80% before the 4 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is naturally dropped to be 70% after the 4 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is controlled to be 60% -70% before the 6 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, and the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is controlled to be 40% -50% after the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is naturally dropped to be 50% after the 6 th spike fruit grows to 1-2 cm.
Spraying chlorine dioxide water solution with concentration of 5 mug/kg on leaf surface when 3 rd spike fruit of tomato grows to 1-2cm, 667m 2 The liquid spraying amount is 30kg; when the 5 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, spraying chlorine dioxide aqueous solution with the concentration of 7.5 mug/kg on the leaf surface, and 667m 2 The spraying amount was 30kg. Spraying the aqueous chlorine dioxide solution should be performed in the evening.
Comparative example 4
On the basis of the embodiment 2, the link of the treatment of the chlorine dioxide aqueous solution of the tomato plants is reduced, namely, the conventional soil water control method is adopted.
After field planting, one-time field planting water is poured to enable the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm to reach 100%, after the field planting water is poured to enable the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm to naturally drop to 80%, the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is controlled to be 70% -80% before the 4 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is naturally dropped to 70% after the 4 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is controlled to be 60% -70% before the 6 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, and the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is controlled to be 40% -50% after the relative water content of the soil layer of 10cm is naturally dropped to be 50% after the 6 th spike fruit grows to 1-2 cm.
Comparative example 5
On the basis of the embodiment 2, the soil water control treatment link is reduced, namely, a conventional water control free and chlorine dioxide regulation method is adopted.
And (3) normal watering management is carried out after the tomato field planting, and water is not controlled in the whole growing period. Spraying chlorine dioxide water solution with concentration of 5 mug/kg on leaf surface when 3 rd spike fruit of tomato grows to 1-2cm, 667m 2 The liquid spraying amount is 30kg; when the 5 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, spraying chlorine dioxide aqueous solution with the concentration of 7.5 mug/kg on the leaf surface, and 667m 2 The spraying amount is 30kg, and the spraying of the chlorine dioxide aqueous solution should be performed in the evening.
Comparative example 6
On the basis of example 2, a conventional water-free method was employed.
And the tomatoes are normally watered and managed after field planting, water is not controlled in the whole growing period, and chlorine dioxide regulation and control are not adopted.
980m 2 Sunlight greenhouse divides 4 equal parts, 245m each 2 Setting 4 treatments, and sequentially implementing example 2, comparative example 4, comparative example 5 and comparative example 6, wherein each treatment before tomato field planting is conventionally applied with base fertilizer, and the dosage of the base fertilizer and the additional fertilizer is the same in each treatment in the growing period.
And harvesting fruits according to treatment according to the growth condition of the fruits in the whole growing period, and visually inspecting occurrence condition of the tomato fruit umbilical rot, and respectively counting yield and incidence rate of the fruit umbilical rot. 10 fruits were randomly taken for each treatment at the time of harvest, and the soluble sugar content of the fruits was examined.
Test results, 667m 2 Yields example 2, comparative example 4, comparative example 5 and comparative example 6 were 6285.3kg, 4432.5kg, 6296.6kg, 6273.4kg, respectively, the differences between the yields of example 2, comparative example 5 and comparative example 6 were insignificant, and the differences between the yields of comparative example 4 and example 2, comparative example 5 and comparative example 6, respectively, were significant; incidence of fruit umbilical rot example 2, comparative example 4, comparative example 5 and comparative example 6 were 0, 15.5%, 0 and 0, respectively; fruit soluble sugar content examples 2, 4, 5 and 6 were 6.13%, 6.05%, 4.01% and 3.85%, respectively, the differences between examples 2 and 4 were not significant, the differences between examples 5 and 6 were not significant, the differences between examples 2 and 5 and 6 were significant, the differences between examples 2 and 6 were significant, and the differences between comparative examples 4 and 5 and 6 were significant.
The percentages used in the present invention are mass percentages unless otherwise indicated.
Finally, it should be noted that: the foregoing description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the present invention is not limited thereto, but it is to be understood that modifications and equivalents of some of the technical features described in the foregoing embodiments may be made by those skilled in the art, although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. The planting method of the high-quality tomatoes is characterized by comprising soil water control treatment and tomato plant chlorine dioxide aqueous solution treatment in a staged growth period of the tomatoes;
the soil water control treatment is carried out in stages in the growing period of the tomatoes, after the tomato field planting, field planting water is poured to enable the relative water content of the soil to reach 100%, the relative water content of the soil is controlled to be 70% -80% before the 4 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, the relative water content of the soil is controlled to be 60% -70% before the 6 th spike fruit grows to 1-2cm, and then the relative water content of the soil is controlled to be 40% -50%;
the tomato growing period is treated by soil water control stage by stage, single-trunk pruning is carried out after the tomato is planted, 6 scions are reserved for each plant, and 3 leaves are reserved for pinching and topping after the last scion;
the tomato plant chlorine dioxide aqueous solution is treated, and when the 3 rd spike fruit of the tomato grows to be 1-2cm in size, the chlorine dioxide aqueous solution is used for carrying out first spraying on leaf surfaces; when the 5 th spike fruits grow to 1-2cm in size, spraying the aqueous solution of chlorine dioxide on the leaf surfaces for the second time;
the concentration of the chlorine dioxide aqueous solution for the first spraying is 5-7.5 mug/kg, 667m 2 The spray amount was 30kg;
the concentration of chlorine dioxide water solution in the second spraying is 7.5-10 μg/kg,667m 2 The amount of the spray was 30kg.
2. The method for planting high quality tomatoes according to claim 1, wherein said tomato plants are treated with aqueous chlorine dioxide solution, and the spraying of aqueous chlorine dioxide solution is carried out in the evening.
CN202310671586.3A 2023-06-08 2023-06-08 Planting method of high-quality tomatoes Active CN116391577B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202310671586.3A CN116391577B (en) 2023-06-08 2023-06-08 Planting method of high-quality tomatoes

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202310671586.3A CN116391577B (en) 2023-06-08 2023-06-08 Planting method of high-quality tomatoes

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN116391577A CN116391577A (en) 2023-07-07
CN116391577B true CN116391577B (en) 2023-09-19

Family

ID=87018413

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202310671586.3A Active CN116391577B (en) 2023-06-08 2023-06-08 Planting method of high-quality tomatoes

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN116391577B (en)

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW201041497A (en) * 2009-05-27 2010-12-01 Univ Nat Yunlin Sci & Tech Method for plant sterilization and insect elimination
CN104855107A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-08-26 劳炳凤 Planting technology for sour-declined and sweetness-risen tomatoes
CN106561207A (en) * 2016-10-18 2017-04-19 上海交通大学 Fertilizer and water management irrigation method for tomato growth
CN109601282A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-04-12 河北省农林科学院农业资源环境研究所 The water integrated control of high yield facility Winter-Spring stubble tomato drip irrigation fertilizer and management method
KR20210011232A (en) * 2019-07-22 2021-02-01 주식회사 바이오팜시 Fertilizer composition comprising chlorine dioxide
CN114190240A (en) * 2021-11-03 2022-03-18 山东农业大学 Tomato planting method for greenhouse
CN114391438A (en) * 2022-03-01 2022-04-26 山东省寿光蔬菜产业集团有限公司 Cultivation method of high-quality tomatoes

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW201041497A (en) * 2009-05-27 2010-12-01 Univ Nat Yunlin Sci & Tech Method for plant sterilization and insect elimination
CN104855107A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-08-26 劳炳凤 Planting technology for sour-declined and sweetness-risen tomatoes
CN106561207A (en) * 2016-10-18 2017-04-19 上海交通大学 Fertilizer and water management irrigation method for tomato growth
CN109601282A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-04-12 河北省农林科学院农业资源环境研究所 The water integrated control of high yield facility Winter-Spring stubble tomato drip irrigation fertilizer and management method
KR20210011232A (en) * 2019-07-22 2021-02-01 주식회사 바이오팜시 Fertilizer composition comprising chlorine dioxide
CN114190240A (en) * 2021-11-03 2022-03-18 山东农业大学 Tomato planting method for greenhouse
CN114391438A (en) * 2022-03-01 2022-04-26 山东省寿光蔬菜产业集团有限公司 Cultivation method of high-quality tomatoes

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
亏缺灌溉及叶面喷锌对番茄产量品质及水分利用效率的影响;姜凤超 等;干旱地区农业研究(第03期);66-71 *
采前喷施二氧化氯对设施番茄采后贮藏品质的影响;董晓庆 等;北方园艺(第20期);104-122 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN116391577A (en) 2023-07-07

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN111165206B (en) Method for controlling tips and promoting flowers of osmanthus-flavored litchi
CN112400593A (en) Flowering phase regulation method of bougainvillea spectabilis for bridge greening
CN116391577B (en) Planting method of high-quality tomatoes
CN113875512B (en) Method for preventing pineapple from blooming naturally after overwintering
CN112997795B (en) Method for improving branch extraction rate of North America ilex
CN113615508B (en) Cultivation method for controlling tomato yellow leaf curl virus disease
CN110720343B (en) Cultivation method for promoting differentiation of syzygium samarangense flower buds
CN113678830A (en) Composition for improving watermelon fruit quality and application thereof
CN108934739B (en) Cultivation method for delaying grape maturation period
CN113179849A (en) High-yield cultivation method for harvesting summer black grapes twice a year by using winter buds in the same year
CN112293135B (en) Five-release four-control method for guaranteeing fruiting and branch control of 20 months for citrus reticulata
CN113615471B (en) Method for adjusting flowering phase of loquat in greenhouse
CN113455267B (en) Labor-saving cultivation method for adjusting production period of greenhouse planting wax apples
CN115843631B (en) Cultivation method for improving quality of mouthfeel type tomatoes
CN111066600B (en) Method for improving anti-season natural fruit setting rate of ananas comosus
CN115500222B (en) Cultivation method of high-quality tomatoes
CN114847066A (en) Pruning method for stabilizing yield of green Chinese prickly ash
CN113575264A (en) Wine grape cultivation method avoiding maturing in hot period
KR101446799B1 (en) Fruit Setting and Growth Agent of Melon and, Method of Fruit Setting and Growth of Melon
CN117941581A (en) Summer induction flower forcing method for cinnamomum zeylanicum and jackfruit
CN113439606A (en) Novel high-standardization grape planting method capable of improving grape berry quality
CN111066561A (en) Seedless golden finger grape planting method
CN116784157A (en) Cultivation method for reducing fruit cracking rate of wax apple
CN115119706A (en) Method for improving appearance of potted North American holly fruit
CN112237119A (en) High-yield grape planting method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant