CN106665043A - Tomato planting method - Google Patents

Tomato planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106665043A
CN106665043A CN201611028047.4A CN201611028047A CN106665043A CN 106665043 A CN106665043 A CN 106665043A CN 201611028047 A CN201611028047 A CN 201611028047A CN 106665043 A CN106665043 A CN 106665043A
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China
Prior art keywords
tomato
calx
seed
hours
growing tomatoes
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Pending
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CN201611028047.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张辉
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Bengbu City Tu Greenhome Vegetable Cooperatives Research
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Bengbu City Tu Greenhome Vegetable Cooperatives Research
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Priority to CN201611028047.4A priority Critical patent/CN106665043A/en
Publication of CN106665043A publication Critical patent/CN106665043A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a tomato planting method. The tomato planting method comprises the steps of (1) seed treatment, (2) sowing and seedling raising, (3) land selection and preparation, (4) field planting, (5) flower treatment, (6) topdressing and (7) picking and harvesting. Compared with existing tomato planting method, the tomato planting method has the significant advantages of being green, environmentally friendly and pollution-free, and can greatly improve the yield of tomato, promote growth of tomato seedlings, increase the survival rate of the tomato seedlings and enhance resistance of the tomato seedlings.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of planting, more particularly to a kind of implantation methods of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti.
Background technology
Fructus Lycopersici esculenti, also known as Fructus Lycopersici esculenti, fruits nutrition enriches, and has flavour.With weight-reducing, allaying tiredness, enhancement Appetite, improve to the digestion of protein, reduce flatulence food stagnation the effects such as.When Fructus Lycopersici esculenti dietetic therapy fat-reducing is eaten, Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is with maturation Herbaceous plant of the succulence berry for product.The Fructus Lycopersici esculenti of general planting method production is per 94 grams or so of 100 grams of fresh fruit moisture contents, carbon 2.5~3.8 grams of hydrate, O.6~1.2 grams of protein, 0~30 milligram of Catergen, and carotene, mineral salt, have Machine acid etc..The accumulation degree of conventional growing tomatoes nutrient is general, and Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is disease-resistant, anti-adversity ability is general, and yield is not high.
The content of the invention
For this purpose, the purpose of the present invention is a kind of implantation methods of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of method for growing tomatoes, comprises the steps:
(1)Seed treatment:By tamato seed first dry in the sun 3 days under the sun, then tamato seed is tiled so as to which thickness exists 2cm, then carries out microwave treatment to tamato seed granule, and the power of microwave treatment is 1200W, and the microwave action time is 5min, then adopts mass concentration for 0.18% sodium molybdate solution and soaks 42min, then adopt mass concentration again for 2.8% Calcium chloride solution soaks 2 hours, and tamato seed is placed on temperature for 36 DEG C again then, and relative air humidity is 65% environment Under, while the illumination using 720lux is irradiated, after 18min, through accelerating germination, when most seeds show money or valuables one carries unintentionally, you can broadcast Kind;By the process to seed, it is possible to increase plant the permeability of skin, the level of seed inner cell hormone is lifted, promote embryo Development, improves the germination percentage and survival rate of seed;
(2)Seeding and seedling raising:Before sowing, first seedbed is drenched water, then lid thin layer hack immediately after broadcasting covers Caulis et Folium Oryzae moisturizing;
(3)Selection of land and site preparation:Select irrigation and drainage good, the front plot plantation for not planting solanaceous crops, field to be ploughed deeply 3 times, often Minor tick 20 days, ploughs deeply depth first for 47cm, ploughs deeply depth for the second time for 41cm, ploughs deeply depth for the third time for 35cm, and first Secondary per mu of Calx and bentonite mixtures for applying 35kg when ploughing deeply, Calx are uniform with mixing with soil, apply for per mu when ploughing deeply for the third time 2500 kilograms of decomposed manure, soil will be mixed homogeneously with fertilizer, make wide 1.2 meters, long 8 meters furrow, and leveling rake is thin, every Water once within 15 days;By fertilizer efficiency can not only be improved to field, moreover it is possible to improve the absorbance of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti Seedling strain, promote Fructus Lycopersici esculenti The growth of Seedling strain and raising Fructus Lycopersici esculenti Seedling strain vigor, reduce the mortality rate of tomato plant;
(4)Field planting:When seedling length is to 5-6 piece true leaves, you can survival after transplant;
(5)The flowers are in blossom is processed:70% plant is when the flowers are in blossom, sprays the Klorvess Liquid that mass concentration is 1.25%, and fountain height is every Mu 4kg;
(6)Topdress, after spending and all withering, mu applies 6kg carbamide, 4kg potassium sulfate, 1.5kg calcium superphosphate, 0.8kg growth auxiliary agents, Applied once every 12 days later;The growth auxiliary agent is made up of following component by weight:Herba humuli scandentis 10, Herba Commelinae Diffusae 12, Fructus Vitis viniferae Leaf 16, Rhizoma Dioscoreae esculentae rattan 5;
(7)Harvest and pluck, after tomato fruit more than 80% is now red, pluck.
Further, described growth auxiliary agent preparation method is:By weight by Herba humuli scandentis, Herba Commelinae Diffusae, grape leaf, Rhizoma Dioscoreae esculentae rattan After being soaked 3 hours using 40 DEG C of clear water, filter, then co-grinding adds the water of 2 times of amounts of Herba Commelinae Diffusae weight, mixing to 150 mesh Uniformly, compound enzyme is added, is placed at 39 DEG C constant temperature and digests 7 hours, filter, slurry must be digested, add yeast, mix homogeneously, In 46 DEG C of ferment at constant temperature 6 hours, fermentation slurry is obtained, fermentation slurry is dried to water content to 30%, growth auxiliary agent needed for obtaining final product.
Further, described compound enzyme is made up of following component by weight:Cellulase 10, hemicellulase 9.
Further, described yeast is beer yeast.
Further, described step(3)Middle Calx presses 20 with bentonite with Calx in bentonite mixtures:1 mass ratio Example is mixed.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:Compared with existing method for growing tomatoes, the present invention has extremely significant advantage, green It is color, environmental protection, pollution-free, tomato production is greatly improved, method for growing tomatoes of the present invention can promote Fructus Lycopersici esculenti Seedling strain Growth promoter, improves the survival rate of Seedling strain, improves the resistance of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti Seedling strain, and the pest and disease damage for reducing Fructus Lycopersici esculenti Seedling strain is produced Rate, the tomato plant fruit-setting rate for cultivating improve 12%, and the Fructus Lycopersici esculenti born is tender and crisp, and mouthfeel is good, by soil Process avoids the pest and disease damage infringement of tamato seed, can significantly improve seed quality by seed treatment process and seed is anti- Inverse ability, improves percentage of seedgermination and survival rate, coordinates the growth auxiliary agent of addition to significantly improve the length of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti during by topdressing Gesture, nutrition are balanced, enable to Fructus Lycopersici esculenti and do not take off fertilizer in whole trophophase, the Fructus Lycopersici esculenti mouthfeel of production more preferably, yield it is higher, The Fructus Lycopersici esculenti mean height more than 10% of the more conventional plantation of beneficial nutrition content, compared to the Fructus Lycopersici esculenti of general planting method plantation Output increased more than 38%, and the growth cycle 8% or so of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is shortened, the Fructus Lycopersici esculenti of implantation methods production of the present invention More than 18% is improve compared to the Fructus Lycopersici esculenti sales volume of general planting method production, good in economic efficiency, promotional value is high.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of method for growing tomatoes, comprises the steps:
(1)Seed treatment:By tamato seed first dry in the sun 3 days under the sun, then tamato seed is tiled so as to which thickness exists 2cm, then carries out microwave treatment to tamato seed granule, and the power of microwave treatment is 1200W, and the microwave action time is 5min, then adopts mass concentration for 0.18% sodium molybdate solution and soaks 42min, then adopt mass concentration again for 2.8% Calcium chloride solution soaks 2 hours, and tamato seed is placed on temperature for 36 DEG C again then, and relative air humidity is 65% environment Under, while the illumination using 720lux is irradiated, after 18min, through accelerating germination, when most seeds show money or valuables one carries unintentionally, you can broadcast Kind;
(2)Seeding and seedling raising:Before sowing, first seedbed is drenched water, then lid thin layer hack immediately after broadcasting covers Caulis et Folium Oryzae moisturizing;
(3)Selection of land and site preparation:Select irrigation and drainage good, the front plot plantation for not planting solanaceous crops, field to be ploughed deeply 3 times, often Minor tick 20 days, ploughs deeply depth first for 47cm, ploughs deeply depth for the second time for 41cm, ploughs deeply depth for the third time for 35cm, and first Secondary per mu of Calx and bentonite mixtures for applying 35kg when ploughing deeply, Calx are uniform with mixing with soil, apply for per mu when ploughing deeply for the third time 2500 kilograms of decomposed manure, soil will be mixed homogeneously with fertilizer, make wide 1.2 meters, long 8 meters furrow, and leveling rake is thin, every Water once within 15 days;
(4)Field planting:When seedling length is to 5-6 piece true leaves, you can survival after transplant;
(5)The flowers are in blossom is processed:70% plant is when the flowers are in blossom, sprays the Klorvess Liquid that mass concentration is 1.25%, and fountain height is every Mu 4kg;
(6)Topdress, after spending and all withering, mu applies 6kg carbamide, 4kg potassium sulfate, 1.5kg calcium superphosphate, 0.8kg growth auxiliary agents, Applied once every 12 days later;The growth auxiliary agent is made up of following component by weight:Herba humuli scandentis 10, Herba Commelinae Diffusae 12, Fructus Vitis viniferae Leaf 16, Rhizoma Dioscoreae esculentae rattan 5;
(7)Harvest and pluck, after tomato fruit more than 80% is now red, pluck.
Further, described growth auxiliary agent preparation method is:By weight by Herba humuli scandentis, Herba Commelinae Diffusae, grape leaf, Rhizoma Dioscoreae esculentae rattan After being soaked 3 hours using 40 DEG C of clear water, filter, then co-grinding adds the water of 2 times of amounts of Herba Commelinae Diffusae weight, mixing to 150 mesh Uniformly, compound enzyme is added, is placed at 39 DEG C constant temperature and digests 7 hours, filter, slurry must be digested, add yeast, mix homogeneously, In 46 DEG C of ferment at constant temperature 6 hours, fermentation slurry is obtained, fermentation slurry is dried to water content to 30%, growth auxiliary agent needed for obtaining final product.
Further, described compound enzyme is made up of following component by weight:Cellulase 10, hemicellulase 9.
Further, described yeast is beer yeast.
Further, described step(3)Middle Calx presses 20 with bentonite with Calx in bentonite mixtures:1 mass ratio Example is mixed.
Comparative example 1:With embodiment 1 differ only in do not adopt mass concentration for 0.18% sodium molybdate solution to western red Fructus Kaki seed is soaked.
Comparative example 2:It is irradiated from illumination when differing only in different using 720lux of embodiment 1.
Comparative example 3:To walk while being irradiated this process using the illumination of 720lux with differing only in for embodiment 1 Suddenly be placed into adopt mass concentration for 2.8% calcium chloride solution soak 3 hours before.
The germination percentage of tamato seed and west in contrast implantation methods of the present invention, comparative example, conventional method for growing tomatoes The survival rate of red Fructus Kaki seedling:
Table 1
Germination percentage % Survival rate %
Embodiment 1 98.6 96.0
Comparative example 1 92.1 90.5
Comparative example 2 95.3 93.9
Comparative example 3 93.9 93.3
Conventional method for growing tomatoes 88.6 79.4
As can be seen from Table 1, Fructus Lycopersici esculenti percentage of seedgermination and tomato plants survival rate phase in method for growing tomatoes of the present invention There is greatly raising compared with common method for growing tomatoes.
The Fructus Lycopersici esculenti and the Fructus Lycopersici esculenti of general planting method production of present invention plantation are contrasted(Per hectogram edible part):
Table 2
Embodiment 1 Common plantation Fructus Lycopersici esculenti
Vitamin C/mg 40 25
Calcium/mg 12 10
Ferrum/mg 0.5 0.4
Zinc/mg 0.18 0.13
Selenium/μ g 0.55 0.48
Protein/g 0.17 0.15
As can be seen from Table 2, the Fructus Lycopersici esculenti quality of present invention plantation is more excellent.
Jing is tested, when topdressing in embodiment 1, without the growth auxiliary agent that the present invention is prepared, the tomato production of production 15% or so is reduced compared with embodiment 1, Vitamin C content only has 35mg in every hectogram Fructus Lycopersici esculenti edible part.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of method for growing tomatoes, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
(1)Seed treatment:By tamato seed first dry in the sun 3 days under the sun, then tamato seed is tiled so as to which thickness exists 2cm, then carries out microwave treatment to tamato seed granule, and the power of microwave treatment is 1200W, and the microwave action time is 5min, then adopts mass concentration for 0.18% sodium molybdate solution and soaks 42min, then adopt mass concentration again for 2.8% Calcium chloride solution soaks 2 hours, and tamato seed is placed on temperature for 36 DEG C again then, and relative air humidity is 65% environment Under, while the illumination using 720lux is irradiated, after 18min, through accelerating germination, when most seeds show money or valuables one carries unintentionally, you can broadcast Kind;
(2)Seeding and seedling raising:Before sowing, first seedbed is drenched water, then lid thin layer hack immediately after broadcasting covers Caulis et Folium Oryzae moisturizing;
(3)Selection of land and site preparation:Select irrigation and drainage good, the front plot plantation for not planting solanaceous crops, field to be ploughed deeply 3 times, often Minor tick 20 days, ploughs deeply depth first for 47cm, ploughs deeply depth for the second time for 41cm, ploughs deeply depth for the third time for 35cm, and first Secondary per mu of Calx and bentonite mixtures for applying 35kg when ploughing deeply, Calx are uniform with mixing with soil, apply for per mu when ploughing deeply for the third time 2500 kilograms of decomposed manure, soil will be mixed homogeneously with fertilizer, make wide 1.2 meters, long 8 meters furrow, and leveling rake is thin, every Water once within 15 days;
(4)Field planting:When seedling length is to 5-6 piece true leaves, you can survival after transplant;
(5)The flowers are in blossom is processed:70% plant is when the flowers are in blossom, sprays the Klorvess Liquid that mass concentration is 1.25%, and fountain height is every Mu 4kg;
(6)Topdress, after spending and all withering, mu applies 6kg carbamide, 4kg potassium sulfate, 1.5kg calcium superphosphate, 0.8kg growth auxiliary agents, Applied once every 12 days later;The growth auxiliary agent is made up of following component by weight:Herba humuli scandentis 10, Herba Commelinae Diffusae 12, Fructus Vitis viniferae Leaf 16, Rhizoma Dioscoreae esculentae rattan 5;
(7)Harvest and pluck, after tomato fruit more than 80% is now red, pluck.
2. method for growing tomatoes according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described step(6)Middle growth auxiliary agent system Preparation Method is:After being soaked Herba humuli scandentis, Herba Commelinae Diffusae, grape leaf, Rhizoma Dioscoreae esculentae rattan 3 hours using 40 DEG C of clear water by weight, filter, then Co-grinding adds the water of 2 times of amounts of Herba Commelinae Diffusae weight, mix homogeneously to add compound enzyme, be placed in constant temperature enzyme at 39 DEG C to 150 mesh Solution 7 hours, filters, must digest slurry, add yeast, mix homogeneously, in 46 DEG C of ferment at constant temperature 6 hours, obtains fermentation slurry, by Ferment slurry is dried to water content to 30%, growth auxiliary agent needed for obtaining final product.
3. method for growing tomatoes according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described compound enzyme by weight by with Lower composition is made:Cellulase 10, hemicellulase 9.
4. method for growing tomatoes according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described yeast is beer yeast.
5. method for growing tomatoes according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described step(3)Middle Calx and swelling In earth mixtures, Calx presses 20 with bentonite:1 mass ratio is mixed.
CN201611028047.4A 2016-11-22 2016-11-22 Tomato planting method Pending CN106665043A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107172946A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-19 刘锦军 A kind of implantation methods of tomato
CN107873416A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-04-06 岳从星 A kind of method for growing tomatoes
CN107926522A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-04-20 广西博白县玫盛家庭农场 A kind of method planted between tomato and purslane
CN108260481A (en) * 2018-01-11 2018-07-10 和县聂兴圩蔬菜种植有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of tomato
CN108450251A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-08-28 合肥百绿盛农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of cucumber

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CN104396500A (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-03-11 安徽省岳西县高山果菜有限责任公司 Eggplant planting method
CN105557117A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-05-11 安徽省康之源农业科技有限公司 Comprehensive treatment method for tomato seeds
CN105815084A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-08-03 安庆榈源农业科技有限公司 Planting method of pollution-free tomatoes

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JPH06153704A (en) * 1992-11-27 1994-06-03 Mitsubishi Agricult Mach Co Ltd Method for cultivating tomato
CN104396500A (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-03-11 安徽省岳西县高山果菜有限责任公司 Eggplant planting method
CN105557117A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-05-11 安徽省康之源农业科技有限公司 Comprehensive treatment method for tomato seeds
CN105815084A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-08-03 安庆榈源农业科技有限公司 Planting method of pollution-free tomatoes

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107172946A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-19 刘锦军 A kind of implantation methods of tomato
CN107873416A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-04-06 岳从星 A kind of method for growing tomatoes
CN107926522A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-04-20 广西博白县玫盛家庭农场 A kind of method planted between tomato and purslane
CN108260481A (en) * 2018-01-11 2018-07-10 和县聂兴圩蔬菜种植有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of tomato
CN108450251A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-08-28 合肥百绿盛农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of cucumber

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Application publication date: 20170517