CN103798020B - A kind of implantation methods of Fructus Luffae - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of Fructus Luffae Download PDF

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CN103798020B
CN103798020B CN201410028749.7A CN201410028749A CN103798020B CN 103798020 B CN103798020 B CN 103798020B CN 201410028749 A CN201410028749 A CN 201410028749A CN 103798020 B CN103798020 B CN 103798020B
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water
climing
centimetre
kilogram
soil
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CN201410028749.7A
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CN103798020A (en
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杜晓芸
吕从广
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和县常久农业发展有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses the implantation methods of a kind of Fructus Luffae.The method includes seed selection and pretreatment, seeding and seedling raising, site preparation and fertilization, field planting, the step such as gather.Fructus Luffae fast growth, robust plant, strong stress resistance in planting process of the present invention, pest and disease damage is few, thus significantly improves the yield and quality of Fructus Luffae, relative to traditional cultivation method, commodity rate increases by more than 10%, per mu yield improves 30 40%, and mu benefit increases by more than 1500 yuan, and implantation methods of the present invention is easy and simple to handle, production efficiency is high, low cost, profitable, there is fabulous popularizing application prospect.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of Fructus Luffae

Technical field

The present invention relates to the implantation methods of a kind of Fructus Luffae, belong to technical field of agricultural cultivation.

Background technology

Fructus Luffae, also known as sky sieve silk, sky network, climbs up by holding on to herbaceous plant for Cucurbitaceae is annual, and fruit is summer vegetable, contained all kinds of Nutrition is higher in melon food, contained saponins, luffein, lymphatic temperament, wood glue, citrulline, xylan and dry Disturb the particular matters such as element and there is certain special role.Reticular fiber inside time ripe claims Retinervus Luffae Fructus, and sponge can be replaced to be used as Scrub kitchen range and furniture.Also can hyoscine, the effect have refrigerant, diuresis, invigorating blood circulation, stimulate the menstrual flow, detoxify, the also effect of antiallergic, beauty treatment. Fructus Luffae all has cultivation in China various places.But tradition Fructus Luffae cultivation technique, because implantation methods not science is unreasonable, cause Fructus Luffae to produce Measure low and poor quality, it is impossible to meet the market demand.

Summary of the invention

Present invention aims to the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that the implantation methods of a kind of Fructus Luffae, improve Fructus Luffae Yield and quality.

For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:

The implantation methods of a kind of Fructus Luffae, comprises the following steps:

(1) seed selection and pretreatment

The main climing knot melon of selection is good, position is low, fruit-setting rate is high, disease resistance is strong, the series of products of high temperature resistance to sit melon joint;

Seed is shone under the sun 2-3 days breaking dormancies, is then placed in the warm water of 55-60 DEG C soaking 15-20 minute, Pull out to put in 10% trisodium phosphate solution and soak 10-15 minute, then pull out and rinse well with clear water;It is then placed in 25-35 DEG C Warm water soaks 4-5 hour, after seed coat surface mucus is removed in rinsing, after rinsing well with clear water, is wrapped by seed wet gauze, puts Accelerating germination under 26-33 DEG C of temperature conditions, the seed rate of showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally reaches more than 70% and can sow;

(2) seeding and seedling raising

Sowing is preferably carried out at the end of of three months the beginning of April, completes nursery soil, then make a call to a 0.8-in each macropore of seedlings nursing plate 1.2 centimeters of deep vesicles, every cave is put into the seed that 1-2 grain has germinateed, is covered nursery soil thickness 1-2 centimetre, and spread mulch film;Go out not Before Seedling, day temperature controls at 27-34 DEG C, and nocturnal temperature controls at 16-22 DEG C;Open ground when the seed rate of being unearthed reaches more than 80% Film, seedling stage, day temperature controlled at 22-28 DEG C, and nocturnal temperature controls at 15-20 DEG C;When seedling length to SANYE wholeheartedly can be determined Plant;

(3) site preparation and fertilization

Select on the sunny side, soil property is fertile, moistening, content of organic matter height, water conservation fertilizer-preserving ability are strong loam or clay loam field Plantation;Mu executes high-quality well-rotted farmyard manure 4000-5000 kilogram, calcium superphosphate 80-120 kilogram, 25-30 kilogram of carbamide, slow release kill Worm granule 15-20 kilogram, then deep ploughing 20-25 centimetre, builds furrow, furrow face width 1.2-1.5 rice, furrow width 30-40 centimetre, furrow after raking High 35-45 centimetre;

(4) field planting

Select fine day field planting in mid-April, duplicate rows triangle disposition is planted, and every cave 2-3 Seedling, cave is away from 70-80 centimetre, and mu is planted 2200-2500 Seedling, corrosion farm manure 0.4-0.6 kilogram of spreading manuer in holes during field planting, compound fertilizer is a small amount of;After field planting, hole pressing is watered and is determined root water, then With earthing 2-3 centimetre;

(5) field management

1. rich water quality management

After transplanting slow Seedling, mu 1:10 light fecaluria 1500-2000 kilogram of pouring of water in 5-7 days is executed, to promote that stem and leaf grows, after Apply fertilizer before depending on the growth of cereal crop seedlings to yielding positive results: seedling growth is vigorous, dark green, can apply fertilizer with Shaoshi or not;Growing way is weak, every It is public that the light fecaluria water 1500-2000 of 4-6 kilogram of NPK compound fertilizer leachate 1000-1500 kilogram or 1:10 is executed in every mu of pouring in 10-15 days Jin;After result, topdressed every 5-7 days once, each Mu Shi NPK compound fertilizer 10-15 kilogram;Containing during receiving, dose should increase 1-2 times, and it is affixed by plant ash 50-100 kg/acre 1-2 time;

Fructus Luffae moisture in seedling stage can not be too many, too many is unfavorable for root growth;Taking out and need water more climing florescence, fine day is wanted early Late trickle;Collection period, the water layer of 10-20 centimetre to be retained in ditch, the rainy day will timely draining in addition to trickle;

2. bay is drawn climing

Bamboo can be inserted when climing long 20-30 centimetre, insert cabinet frame, after bay, draw climing the most at once, suitable nest rattan, keep down the vines of a creeping plant, There is female flower when occurring, to draw climing upper hedge, after upper hedge, use zigzag uniformly to draw climing;

3. cissoid arranges

Carry out when climing long 30-35 centimetre keeping down the vines of a creeping plant for the first time, carry out second time when climing long 70-80 centimetre and keep down the vines of a creeping plant, keep down the vines of a creeping plant Direction can draw same direction or relative direction, fine day opens ditch, in climing for melon press-in ditch, then covers small clod;Rainy day then exists Keeping down the vines of a creeping plant in furrow face, does not open ditch, rots in order to avoid stem is climing;Meet and rain continuously, during furrow area water, only need to press blade with clod, not press stem Climing, the most also can fix root of overgrowing, prevent from pressing stem climing rotten;

(5) gather

Post flowering 10-15 days, to gather in time when fruit is fully grown up and be the most tender and crisp, pluck and preferably carry out in the morning, Cut at fruit stem with shears.

The preparation method of described nursery soil is as follows: a, weigh the raw material of following weight portion: a, peat soil 20-30, Chi Yutu 10-15, deer natural pond soil 8-12, sea mud 5-10, chicken manure 15-20, plant straw powder 10-15, bagasse 8-12, wood sawdust 5-10, rice huller Bran ash 4-8, coconut shell flour 3-5, cinder 2-4, Vermiculitum 18-24, haydites of book structure 14-18, carbamide 2-3, calcium superphosphate 1.5-2.5;b、 Take Vermiculitum, perlite adds in the hydrochloric acid solution that concentration is 10-15%, and heating in water bath, to 60-70 DEG C, is incubated 1-2 hour, takes out It is washed to neutrality, dries, calcine 1-2 hour, be cooled to room temperature for 840-880 DEG C, stand-by;C, take chicken manure, plant straw powder, sawmilling Bits, rice chaff ash, coconut shell flour, bagasse, cinder mix homogeneously, pile up in heaps, then by carbamide and calcium superphosphate mix homogeneously, converts 80-100 times amount water makes solution, is sprinkling upon equably on heap, and after naturally placing 24-36h, the 3-5% adding mixing doses adds 100-150 times of EM probiotic bacteria diluent, stirs, and windrow water content control is at 60-70%, through fermentation in 5-10 days, temperature Degree reaches to stir once when 55-60 DEG C, and accumulative can completing for 2-3 time is fermented;D, the fermented product of above-mentioned gained is mixed with remaining raw material Close uniformly, obtain nursery soil.

The present invention homemade nursery soil has stronger water-retaining property, water penetration and an aeration, and balanced in nutrition comprehensively, contain The nutrients such as abundant nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and organic matter, fully meet the various nutrients needed for seed sprouting, can significantly carry High planting percent, reduces seedling stage diseases and pests, saves artificial, and growing-seedling period is short.

The preparation method of described slow-release pesticidal granule is as follows: a, weigh the raw material of following weight portion: Maifanitum 25-35, sea Afrodite 15-20, kieselguhr 10-15, sodium tripolyphosphate 4-8, Herba et Flos Pyrethri Cinerariifolii 2-3, Folium firmianae 1.5-2.5, citrus seeds 1-2, hundred Portion 3-4, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis 2-3, pieris 1-2, Folium pterocaryae stenopterae 2.5-3.5, Ramulus Luffae 1-2, Cortex Meliae 2-3, Herba Euphorbiae Helioscopiae 1-2, plant ash 8-12, Polyvinyl alcohol 5-10, carboxymethyl cellulose 4-6, sodium alginate 3-5;B, take Maifanitum and meerschaum mix homogeneously, 720-760 DEG C Calcining 2-3 hour, put in the hydrogen peroxide solution that concentration is 15-20% and soak 1-2 hour after being cooled to room temperature, taking-up is washed to Neutrality, dries, and calcines 1-2 hour, is cooled to room temperature for 910-940 DEG C, pulverizes, and crosses 100-150 mesh sieve, stand-by;C, take to spend in vain and remove Worm chrysanthemum, Folium firmianae, citrus seeds, the Radix Stemonae, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis, pieris, Folium pterocaryae stenopterae, Ramulus Luffae, Cortex Meliae, Herba Euphorbiae Helioscopiae mix homogeneously, add 5-10 The water of times amount, decocts and extracts 50-60 minute, filters, and filtering residue adds the water of 4-8 times amount again, decocts and extracts 30-40 minute, filters, and closes And decoction liquor, concentrating, lyophilization becomes powder, stand-by;The powder that d, powder step b prepared prepare with step c mixes all Even, add kieselguhr and sodium tripolyphosphate, stir 10-15 minute, wet granulation, particle diameter is 1-2mm, dries, stand-by;E, take poly- Vinyl alcohol, carboxymethyl cellulose, sodium alginate mix homogeneously, add 2-4 times amount water, and heating in water bath is to 70-80 DEG C and under agitation Add plant ash, stir the particle surface that rear even application prepares in step d, dry, get product.

Being added with slow-release pesticidal granule during the present invention whole ground basal dressing, have slow-release pesticidal effect, broad spectrum activity is strong, resistance to rainwater Wash away, can effectively prevent the generation of soil-borne disease, reduce or avoid the use of chemical pesticide, thus improve Fructus Luffae quality and Yield.

Beneficial effects of the present invention:

Fructus Luffae fast growth in planting process of the present invention, robust plant, strong stress resistance, pest and disease damage is few, thus significantly carries The yield and quality of high Fructus Luffae, relative to traditional cultivation method, commodity rate increases by more than 10%, and per mu yield improves 30-40%, mu Benefit increases by more than 1500 yuan, and implantation methods of the present invention is easy and simple to handle, and production efficiency is high, and low cost is profitable, has fabulous Popularizing application prospect.

Detailed description of the invention

The implantation methods of a kind of Fructus Luffae, comprises the following steps:

(1) seed selection and pretreatment

The main climing knot melon of selection is good, position is low, fruit-setting rate is high, disease resistance is strong, the series of products of high temperature resistance to sit melon joint;

Seed is shone under the sun 2 days breaking dormancies, is then placed in the warm water of 55 DEG C soaking 20 minutes, pulls out and put into 10% trisodium phosphate solution soaks 15 minutes, then pulls out and rinse well with clear water;Being then placed in the warm water of 30 DEG C, to soak 4 little Time, after seed coat surface mucus is removed in rinsing, after rinsing well with clear water, seed wet gauze is wrapped, be placed on 31 DEG C of temperature conditionss Lower accelerating germination, the seed rate of showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally reaches more than 70% and can sow;

(2) seeding and seedling raising

Sowing is preferably carried out at the end of of three months the beginning of April, completes nursery soil in each macropore of seedlings nursing plate, then makes a call to one 1.0 public affairs Dividing deep vesicle, 1 seed germinateed is put in every cave, covers thick 1 centimetre of nursery soil, and spreads mulch film;Go out daytime before non-Seedling Temperature controls at 32 DEG C, and nocturnal temperature controls at 20 DEG C;Open mulch film when the seed rate of being unearthed reaches more than 80%, daytime in seedling stage temperature Degree controls at 27 DEG C, and nocturnal temperature controls at 16 DEG C;When seedling length to SANYE wholeheartedly gets final product field planting;

(3) site preparation and fertilization

Select on the sunny side, soil property is fertile, moistening, content of organic matter height, water conservation fertilizer-preserving ability are strong loam or clay loam field Plantation;Mu executes high-quality well-rotted farmyard manure 5000 kilograms, calcium superphosphate 100 kilograms, 30 kilograms of carbamide, slow-release pesticidal granule 20 public affairs Jin, then deep ploughing 25 centimetres, builds furrow, furrow face width 1.4 meters, furrow width 35 centimetres after raking, and furrow are high 40 centimetres;

(4) field planting

Select fine day field planting in mid-April, duplicate rows triangle disposition is planted, every cave 2 Seedling, and cave is away from 75 centimetres, and mu plants 2500 Seedlings, Spreading manuer in holes during field planting and corrode farm manure 0.5 kilogram, compound fertilizer is a small amount of;After field planting, hole pressing is watered and is determined root water, then with earthing 2-3 centimetre;

(5) field management

1. rich water quality management

After transplanting slow Seedling, mu 1:10 1500 kilograms of pouring of light fecaluria water in 7 days are executed, to promote that stem and leaf grows, later to knot of blooming Applied fertilizer before Guo depending on the growth of cereal crop seedlings: seedling growth is vigorous, dark green, can apply fertilizer with Shaoshi or not;Growing way was weak, every every mu of pouring in 12 days Execute 1500 kilograms of 1500 kilograms or 1:10 light fecaluria water of 5 kilograms of NPK compound fertilizer leachates;After result, topdressed once every 6 days, Mu Shi NPK compound fertilizer 10 kilograms every time;Containing during receiving, dose should increase by 2 times, and is affixed by plant ash 80 kgs/acre 2 times;

Fructus Luffae moisture in seedling stage can not be too many, too many is unfavorable for root growth;Taking out and need water more climing florescence, fine day is wanted early Late trickle;Collection period, in addition to trickle, to retain the water layer of 15 centimeters in ditch, the rainy day wants timely draining;

2. bay is drawn climing

Bamboo can be inserted when climing length 25 centimetres, insert cabinet frame, after bay, draw climing the most at once, suitable nest rattan, keep down the vines of a creeping plant, have Draw climing upper hedge when female flower occurs, after upper hedge, use zigzag uniformly to draw climing;

3. cissoid arranges

Carry out when climing length 32 centimetres keeping down the vines of a creeping plant for the first time, carry out second time when climing length 75 centimetres and keep down the vines of a creeping plant, the direction kept down the vines of a creeping plant Can draw same direction or relative direction, fine day opens ditch, in climing for melon press-in ditch, then covers small clod;Rainy day then presses in furrow face Climing, do not open ditch, rot in order to avoid stem is climing;Meet and rain continuously, during furrow area water, only need to press blade with clod, not press stem climing, equally Also can fix root of overgrowing, prevent from pressing stem climing rotten;

(5) gather

Post flowering 125 days, to gather in time when fruit is fully grown up and be the most tender and crisp, pluck and preferably carry out in the morning, use Shears is cut at fruit stem.

The preparation method of above-mentioned nursery soil is as follows: a, weigh the raw material of following weight (kilogram): a, peat soil 25, Chi Yutu 12, deer natural pond soil 12, sea mud 8, chicken manure 17, plant straw powder 12, bagasse 11, wood sawdust 8, rice chaff ash 6, coconut shell flour 3, cinder 4, Vermiculitum 24, haydites of book structure 15, carbamide 3, calcium superphosphate 2.5;B, take Vermiculitum, perlite add concentration be 15% hydrochloric acid solution in, Heating in water bath, to 70 DEG C, is incubated 1 hour, takes out and is washed to neutrality, dries, and calcines 1 hour, is cooled to room temperature for 870 DEG C, stand-by; C, take chicken manure, plant straw powder, wood sawdust, rice chaff ash, coconut shell flour, bagasse, cinder mix homogeneously, pile up in heaps, then will Carbamide and calcium superphosphate mix homogeneously, convert 80 times amount water and make solution, be sprinkling upon equably on heap, after naturally placing 24h, adds mixed Closing 4% 120 times of EM probiotic bacteria diluents of addition of doses, stir, windrow water content control, 65%, was sent out through 8 days Ferment, temperature reaches to stir once when 60 DEG C, and accumulative can completing for 2 times is fermented;D, the fermented product of above-mentioned gained is mixed with remaining raw material Close uniformly, obtain nursery soil.

The preparation method of above-mentioned slow-release pesticidal granule is as follows: a, weigh the raw material of following weight (kilogram): Maifanitum 30, sea Afrodite 20, kieselguhr 10, sodium tripolyphosphate 6, Herba et Flos Pyrethri Cinerariifolii 2.5, Folium firmianae 2, citrus seeds 1.5, the Radix Stemonae 3, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis 2.5, horse Liquor-saturated wooden 1.5, Folium pterocaryae stenopterae 3, Ramulus Luffae 1.5, Cortex Meliae 2.5, Herba Euphorbiae Helioscopiae 1.5, plant ash 10, polyvinyl alcohol 7, carboxymethyl cellulose 5, Sodium alginate 4;B, taking Maifanitum and meerschaum mix homogeneously, calcine 2 hours for 740 DEG C, putting into concentration after being cooled to room temperature is 15% Hydrogen peroxide solution in soak 2 hours, take out be washed to neutrality, dry, 20 DEG C calcine 1 hour, be cooled to room temperature, pulverize, mistake 150 mesh sieves, stand-by;C, take Herba et Flos Pyrethri Cinerariifolii, Folium firmianae, citrus seeds, the Radix Stemonae, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis, pieris, Folium pterocaryae stenopterae, Ramulus Luffae, Melia azedarach L. Skin, Herba Euphorbiae Helioscopiae mix homogeneously, add the water of 8 times amount, decocts and extracts 55 minutes, filters, and filtering residue adds the water of 5 times amount again, decocts extraction 30 Minute, to filter, merge decoction liquor, concentrate, lyophilization becomes powder, stand-by;D, by step b prepare powder prepare with step c Powder mix homogeneously, add kieselguhr and sodium tripolyphosphate, stir 10 minutes, wet granulation, particle diameter is 1.5mm, drying, treats With;E, taking polyvinyl alcohol, carboxymethyl cellulose, sodium alginate mix homogeneously, add 3 times amount water, heating in water bath to 70 DEG C is also stirring Mix lower addition plant ash, stir the particle surface that rear even application prepares in step d, dry, get product.

Use the Fructus Luffae that above-mentioned implantation methods plants out compared with the Fructus Luffae that traditional method plants out, have following excellent Point:

As seen from the above table, compared with traditional cultivation method, implantation methods Fructus Luffae per mu yield of the present invention improves 36.1%, And the Fructus Luffae quality better that plantation is out, safety nuisance free, planting cost is low, and high production is profitable, can be greatly improved plantation family Income and enthusiasm for production, be suitable for large-scale promotion.

Claims (2)

1. the implantation methods of a Fructus Luffae, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) seed selection and pretreatment
The main climing knot melon of selection is good, position is low, fruit-setting rate is high, disease resistance is strong, the series of products of high temperature resistance to sit melon joint;Seed is existed Shine 2-3 days breaking dormancies under the sun, be then placed in the warm water of 55-60 DEG C soaking 15-20 minute, pull out and put into 10% phosphoric acid Three sodium solutions soak 10-15 minute, then pulls out and rinse well with clear water;Being then placed in the warm water of 25-35 DEG C, to soak 4-5 little Time, after seed coat surface mucus is removed in rinsing, after rinsing well with clear water, seed wet gauze is wrapped, be placed on 26-33 DEG C of temperature strip Accelerating germination under part, the seed rate of showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally reaches more than 70% and can sow;
(2) seeding and seedling raising
Sowing is preferably carried out at the end of of three months the beginning of April, completes nursery soil, then make a call to 0.8-1.2 public affairs in each macropore of seedlings nursing plate Dividing deep vesicle, the seed that 1-2 grain has germinateed is put in every cave, covers nursery soil thickness 1-2 centimetre, and spreads mulch film;Before not emerging Day temperature controls at 27-34 DEG C, and nocturnal temperature controls at 16-22 DEG C;Mulch film is opened when the seed rate of being unearthed reaches more than 80%, Seedling stage, day temperature controlled at 22-28 DEG C, and nocturnal temperature controls at 15-20 DEG C;When seedling length to SANYE wholeheartedly gets final product field planting;
(3) site preparation and fertilization
Selection is on the sunny side, soil property is fertile, moistening, the content of organic matter high, water conservation fertilizer-preserving ability is strong loam or clay loam field are planted; Mu executes high-quality well-rotted farmyard manure 4000-5000 kilogram, calcium superphosphate 80-120 kilogram, 25-30 kilogram of carbamide, slow-release pesticidal granule 15-20 kilogram, then deep ploughing 20-25 centimetre, builds furrow, furrow face width 1.2-1.5 rice, furrow width 30-40 centimetre, furrow height 35-after raking 45 centimetres;
(4) field planting
Select fine day field planting in mid-April, duplicate rows triangle disposition is planted, and every cave 2-3 Seedling, cave is away from 70-80 centimetre, and mu plants 2200- 2500 Seedlings, corrosion farm manure 0.4-0.6 kilogram of spreading manuer in holes during field planting, compound fertilizer is a small amount of;After field planting, hole pressing is watered and is determined root water, then covers with soil Cover 2-3 centimetre;
(5) field management
1. after rich water quality management transplants slow Seedling, mu 1:10 light fecaluria 1500-2000 kilogram of pouring of water in 5-7 days is executed, to promote that stem and leaf is raw Long, apply fertilizer before depending on the growth of cereal crop seedlings to yielding positive results: seedling growth is vigorous, dark green, Shaoshi or do not apply fertilizer later;Growing way is weak, often The light fecaluria water 1500-2000 of 4-6 kilogram of NPK compound fertilizer leachate 1000-1500 kilogram or 1:10 is executed public every every mu of pouring in 10-15 days Jin;After result, topdressed every 5-7 days once, each Mu Shi NPK compound fertilizer 10-15 kilogram;Containing during receiving, dose should increase 1-2 times, and it is affixed by plant ash 50-100 kg/acre 1-2 time;Fructus Luffae moisture in seedling stage can not be too many, too many is unfavorable for that root system is raw Long;Taking out and need water more climing florescence, fine day wants trickle sooner or later;Collection period in addition to trickle, the water of 10-20 centimetre to be retained in ditch Layer, the rainy day will timely draining;
2. bay is drawn and climing is inserted bamboo when climing long 20-30 centimetre, inserts man-like shelf, after bay, draws climing the most at once, suitable nest rattan, Keep down the vines of a creeping plant, have female flower when occurring, to draw climing upper hedge, after upper hedge, use zigzag uniformly to draw climing;
3. cissoid carries out when being organized in climing long 30-35 centimetre keeping down the vines of a creeping plant for the first time, carries out second time when climing long 70-80 centimetre and presses Climing, same direction or relative direction are drawn in the direction kept down the vines of a creeping plant, and fine day opens ditch, in climing for melon press-in ditch, then cover small clod;Rainy day Then keep down the vines of a creeping plant in furrow face, do not open ditch, rot in order to avoid stem is climing;Meet and rain continuously, during furrow area water, only need to press blade with clod, no Pressure stem is climing, the most also can fix root of overgrowing, and prevents from pressing stem climing rotten;
(6) gather
Post flowering 10-15 days, to gather in time when fruit is fully grown up and be the most tender and crisp, pluck and preferably carry out in the morning, with cutting Cutter is cut at fruit stem;The preparation method of described slow-release pesticidal granule is as follows:
A, weigh the raw material of following weight portion: Maifanitum 25-35, meerschaum 15-20, kieselguhr 10-15, sodium tripolyphosphate 4-8, Herba et Flos Pyrethri Cinerariifolii 2-3, Folium firmianae 1.5-2.5, citrus seeds 1-2, Radix Stemonae 3-4, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis 2-3, pieris 1-2, Folium pterocaryae stenopterae 2.5- 3.5, Ramulus Luffae 1-2, Cortex Meliae 2-3, Herba Euphorbiae Helioscopiae 1-2, plant ash 8-12, polyvinyl alcohol 5-10, carboxymethyl cellulose 4-6, Sargassum Acid sodium 3-5;
B, taking Maifanitum and meerschaum mix homogeneously, calcine 2-3 hour for 720-760 DEG C, putting into concentration after being cooled to room temperature is 15- The hydrogen peroxide solution of 20% soaks 1-2 hour, takes out and be washed to neutrality, dry, calcine 1-2 hour, be cooled to for 910-940 DEG C Room temperature, pulverizes, and crosses 100-150 mesh sieve, stand-by;
C, take Herba et Flos Pyrethri Cinerariifolii, Folium firmianae, citrus seeds, the Radix Stemonae, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis, pieris, Folium pterocaryae stenopterae, Ramulus Luffae, Cortex Meliae, Herba Euphorbiae Helioscopiae mix Closing uniformly, add the water of 5-10 times amount, decoct and extract 50-60 minute, filter, filtering residue adds the water of 4-8 times amount again, decocts and extracts 30- 40 minutes, filtering, merge decoction liquor, concentrate, lyophilization becomes powder, stand-by;
The powder that d, powder step b prepared prepare with step c is mixed homogeneously, and adds kieselguhr and sodium tripolyphosphate, stirring 10-15 minute, wet granulation, particle diameter was 1-2mm, dries, stand-by;
E, taking polyvinyl alcohol, carboxymethyl cellulose, sodium alginate mix homogeneously, add 2-4 times amount water, heating in water bath is to 70-80 DEG C And under agitation add plant ash, stir the particle surface that rear even application prepares in step d, dry, must become Product.
The implantation methods of a kind of Fructus Luffae the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the preparation method of described nursery soil is such as Under:
A, weigh the raw material of following weight portion: peat soil 20-30, red beautiful soil 10-15, deer natural pond soil 8-12, sea mud 5-10, chicken manure 15-20, plant straw powder 10-15, bagasse 8-12, wood sawdust 5-10, rice chaff ash 4-8, coconut shell flour 3-5, cinder 2-4, Vermiculitum 18-24, haydites of book structure 14-18, carbamide 2-3, calcium superphosphate 1.5-2.5;
B, take Vermiculitum, haydites of book structure add concentration be 10-15% hydrochloric acid solution in, heating in water bath to 60-70 DEG C, insulation 1-2 little Time, take out and be washed to neutrality, dry, calcine 1-2 hour, be cooled to room temperature for 840-880 DEG C, stand-by;
C, take chicken manure, plant straw powder, wood sawdust, rice chaff ash, coconut shell flour, bagasse, cinder mix homogeneously, pile up in heaps, so After by carbamide and calcium superphosphate mix homogeneously, convert 80-100 times amount water and make solution, be sprinkling upon equably on heap, naturally place 24- After 36h, adding 100-150 times of EM probiotic bacteria diluent by the 3-5% of compound, stir, windrow water content control exists 60-70%, through fermentation in 5-10 days, temperature reached to stir once when 55-60 DEG C, and accumulative can completing for 2-3 time is fermented;
D, the fermented product of above-mentioned gained is mixed homogeneously with remaining raw material, obtain nursery soil.
CN201410028749.7A 2014-01-21 2014-01-21 A kind of implantation methods of Fructus Luffae CN103798020B (en)

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