CN105900805A - Paeonia ostii soilless culture technology - Google Patents

Paeonia ostii soilless culture technology Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105900805A
CN105900805A CN201610241709.XA CN201610241709A CN105900805A CN 105900805 A CN105900805 A CN 105900805A CN 201610241709 A CN201610241709 A CN 201610241709A CN 105900805 A CN105900805 A CN 105900805A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
root
plant
paeonia ostii
soilless culture
soilless
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610241709.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105900805B (en
Inventor
王华芳
高振江
银雪
邓舒雨
修宇
卜祥潘
唐文思
郑瑞丰
王大鹏
熊健楠
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing Forestry University
Original Assignee
Beijing Forestry University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN2016100295755 priority Critical
Priority to CN201610029575 priority
Priority to CN201610178547X priority
Priority to CN201610178547 priority
Application filed by Beijing Forestry University filed Critical Beijing Forestry University
Publication of CN105900805A publication Critical patent/CN105900805A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105900805B publication Critical patent/CN105900805B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N33/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic nitrogen compounds
    • A01N33/02Amines; Quaternary ammonium compounds
    • A01N33/12Quaternary ammonium compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N37/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom having three bonds to hetero atoms with at the most two bonds to halogen, e.g. carboxylic acids
    • A01N37/10Aromatic or araliphatic carboxylic acids, or thio analogues thereof; Derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/34Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom
    • A01N43/36Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom five-membered rings
    • A01N43/38Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom five-membered rings condensed with carbocyclic rings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • A01G24/23Wood, e.g. wood chips or sawdust
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention belongs to the forestry seedling cultivation field, and especially relates to a Paeonia ostii soilless culture technology comprising the following steps: carrying out surface disinfection processing for Paeonia ostii plants; planting the Paeonia ostii into artificially prepared soilless matrix; pouring nutrient solution; carrying out daily management so as to allow the plants to normally grow under the soilless conditions. The invention provides the Paeonia ostii soilless culture matrix so as to satisfy root growth physical conditions; the Paeonia ostii soilless culture nutrient solution can satisfy plant growth needed water, nutrition and pH chemical condition; the Paeonia ostii soilless culture plant daily management method is provided; the plant root can obtain best water, air and liquid proportion and nutrition proportion; the succulent root can generate fibrous root with the absorption function in the soilless culture matrix, thus solving the Paeonia ostii potted survival key problems, and realizing Paeonia ostii containerization soilless culture.

Description

A kind of Soiless Culture of Paeonia Suffruticosa Andrews technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Paeonia suffruticosa (Paeonia ostii T. Hong et J. X. Zhang var.lishizheniiB. A. Shen) soilless culture method.Specifically, the present invention relates to one and can cultivate male in container Red soilless culture substrate, meets plant and grows the nutritional solution of desired nutritional material and moisture in container;Stablize plant root Environment acid-base value pH regulator method within the specific limits;Promote the compound root-growing agent of root growth and development;Use soilless culture base Matter, nutritional solution, technique, condition and the step of root-growing agent Cultivated tree peonies seedling, view and admire for a long time for Paeonia suffruticosa indoor cultivation, overcome sowing Limit with the autumn transplanted, minimizing bare-root seeding delays Seedling death and carries the key technology of soil pathogenic bacteria etc..
Background technology
Paeonia suffruticosa is Chinese tradition famous flower, and a kind of Paeonia suffruticosa ' Paeonia ostii ' formal name used at school isPaeonia ostii T. Hong et J. X. Zhang var. lishizheniiB. A. Shen(Paeonia ostii ‘Lishizhenii’), for Paeoniaceae Section Moutan (Sect. Moutan DC.).' Paeonia ostii ' strong stress resistance, wide adaptability;Seminal propagation, with low cost.For a long time, ' Paeonia ostii ' As ornamental peonies breeding stock and the planting of medicinal materials, it has recently been found that ' Paeonia ostii ' peony seed oil, rich in alpha-linolenic acid, becomes and can produce The woody oil tree species of oil for health care.' Paeonia ostii ' have afforest and beautify, Cortex Moutan medical material and edible fat production are worth, its output puts into Ratio is high, and comprehensive ecological, economic and social benefit are good, has important practical and is worth and strategic importance.
Soiless Culture of Paeonia Suffruticosa Andrews, replaces field soil, the nutritional solution of artificial preparation to provide plant strain growth with artificial culture substrate Required inorganic nutrients, are the Paeonia suffruticosa bases that enter that the clean environment cultivation of huge numbers of families family is appreciated.Soilless growing container Seedling is also Being to solve Paeonia suffruticosa sowing and breeding to be subject to seasonal restrictions serious key technology with transplanting, the sowing of usual Paeonia suffruticosa can only be carried out in the fall, Spring in next year could germinating growth, other seasons, sowing can only wait until next year green sprouting, is letted a piece of farmland go to waste at least one year in soil;Paeonia suffruticosa Seedling is transplanted and is also only the most easily survived, and runs counter to Raining season wooding operation, and the serious enterprise that limits produces, containerization The nursery stock of soilless culture transplants operation whenever and wherever possible not to be affected and survives, beneficially the greening of Paeonia suffruticosa colony and application.Field is trained The Paeonia suffruticosa Seedling majority educated carries root knot nematode disease and bare-root seeding and transplants and easily hinder root and be completely cured and be difficult to survive, the container seedling of soilless culture During transplanting, seedling root obtains complete preservation, at utmost reduces to transplant slow Seedling death and carry soil pathogenic bacteria epidemic disease and propagates Dangerous.
Summary of the invention
One of main points of the present invention, it is provided that a kind of no soil for peony growing nursery and culture composite interstitial substance.Matrix group becomes river sand;Linesless charcoal, Diameter 10-5 mm;Haydite, diameter 2-5 mm;Perlite, diameter 1-3 mm;Its volume ratio is 1-5:0.5-5:0.25-2.5: 0.25-2.5, uniformly mixes.It is characterized in that substrate unit weight 0.32-0.45 g/cm3, saturation moisture content 43-65%, total pore space Degree 68-88%, aeration porosity 52-88%, pH 5.8-7.8, cation exchange capacity (CEC) 253-336 mmol/l;Containing Linesless charcoal in substrate, Have surface physics absorption and inherent substance release effect, cleaning substrate environment concurrently as a kind of constituent, regulate solution composition. Composite interstitial substance is permeable, ventilative, fertilizer conservation, plant root robust growth.
The two of the main points of the present invention, it is provided that a kind of Soiless Culture of Paeonia Suffruticosa Andrews nutritional solution.This nutritional solution consists of every liter containing KNO3 580-690 mg、Ca (NO3).4H2O 827-120 mg、(NH4)2H2PO4 105-128 mg、MgSO4.7SO4 466-595 mg;FeSO4.7H2O 27.8 - 41.2 mg、EDTA 27.8-47 mg、H3BO3 2.86- 4.27mg、CuSO4.5H2O 0.08-0.23 mg、ZnSO4.7H2O 0.12-0.39 mg、MnSO4.4H2O 1-3.5 mg、H2MoO4.4H2O 0.09-0.26 mg、CoCl20.02-0.15 mg, 2-(N-morpholine) ethyl sulfonic acid (MES) 3-10 mmol, remaining is water.PH value is at nutritional solution With NaOH and the HCl(analytical pure of 1 mol, Beijing Chemical Plant before using) it is adjusted to 5.8-7.52.
A kind of nutritional solution more optimized consists of Ca (NO3)2.4H2O 688-847 mg、NH4NO3 90-135 mg、KNO3 450-580 mg、KH2PO4 113-179 mg、MgSO4.7H2O 453 -542 mg;Remaining is ibid.
It is characterized in that in nutritional solution, a great number of elements and the concentration of trace element and ratio are suitable for the nothing of Paeonia suffruticosa growth promoter Machine nutritional need.Plant leaf is dark green, and growing way is the most vigorous, and the plant of long-term pouring nutrition persistently normally completes Annual growth cycle, Rudiment, grow, bloom, the life process of result.The index of correlation of vine growth and development sees embodiment two.The soda acid of nutritional solution Degree keeps basicly stable, even if this nutritional solution nutritional solution dilutes 13 times with ordinary tap water, pH changing value is about 1, raw for plant The chemical environment that long offer is relatively stable.
The third key point of the present invention, it is provided that a kind of Paeonia suffruticosa root-growing agent.Every aqueous solution is containing indolebutyric acid (IBA) 80-200 Mg, chlorocholine chloride (CCC) 20-100 mg, naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) 50-200 mg, remaining is water.
Soaking or spray root when it is characterized in that tree-peony transplantation once to moistening, pouring in autumn once penetrates into solution Around root system, its consumption every strain 100-300 ml(is seeped into around root system);The fibrous root promoting Paeonia suffruticosa fleshy tap root surface occurs And growth;Promote when this root-growing agent can be additionally used in plantlet of transplant that new root is grown guarantee and survived.
The present invention also provides for a kind of Soiless Culture of Paeonia Suffruticosa Andrews maintenance management key technology.(1) for ensureing that the nutritional solution of preparation is not sent out Biochemical precipitation, relevant chemical reagent preparation follows following sequence: phosphate, potassium nitrate, calcium nitrate, magnesium sulfate, non-iron content The trace element of salt, EDETATE SODIUM ferrum (ferrous sulfate and the chelate of EDTA).(2) soilless culture substrate parametric measurement, every 7 days At least substrate pH value of detection, temperature, salt concentration (Δ soil analysis instrument can disposably gather data), adjust substrate in time PH is in the range of 5.8-7.5.(3) substrate temperature is 5-15 DEG C, waters the most permeable (freeze-up water) resistance during less than 3 DEG C of winter approacheds Only cold air attacks root.For the peony plant of soilless culture, can be seed propagation seedling, can also be plant division, The nursery stock that grafting, cuttage, tissue culture etc. nourish and generate.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment one
The preparation of ' Paeonia ostii ' soilless culture substrate
With river sand, Linesless charcoal, perlite, haydite as raw material, prepare by the described method of one of foregoing invention main points, river sand;Linesless charcoal, directly Footpath 5,5-10,10 mm;Haydite, diameter 2-5 mm;Perlite, diameter 1-3 mm;Its volume ratio is 1: 1: 0.5: 0.5, and mixing is all Even (all containing this ratio river sand, for sake of convenience, river sand omits following matrix formulations).Substrate parameter is: unit weight 0.320g/ Cm3, saturation moisture content 43%, total porosity 88%, aeration porosity 78.8%, pH 7.52, cation exchange capacity (CEC) 306.mmol/l, Meet feature described in invention main points one.
Linesless charcoal is that common timber, dry branches and fallen leaves are fired through common charcoal kiln;Washing 30 minutes, pH can be down to about 7.25; It is divided into 10mm according to size;5-10mm;5mm Three Estate is applied, and the Linesless charcoal that particle diameter is bigger is suitable for 3 years that root system is sturdy The soilless culture of raw (containing) above plant, the Linesless charcoal of particle diameter≤5 mm is more suitable for 1 year raw Paeonia suffruticosa with the composite interstitial substance of haydite composition Plant strain growth.
A kind of Paeonia suffruticosa ' Paeonia ostii ' (Paeonia ostii T. Hong et J. X. Zhang var. lishizhenii B. A. Shen) the raw seedling of 1-3 of seed propagation, plant root carries out root knot nematode disease epidemic disease with 50 DEG C of water soaking 30 min Prevention;Soak root-growing agent 15-30 min described in foregoing invention third key point to induce formation and the life of new root (side root i.e. fibrous root) Long growth;Planting in this composite interstitial substance, at heliogreenhouse, (summer rainwater can collect use with the field maintenance having facility of taking shelter from rain Moisture in the daily supplementary cultivation matrix of plant).Plant growing way is the most vigorous, grows normal.Leaf dark green, chlorophyll content, gas Hole degree of leading, Net Photosynthetic Rate increase by 11%, 41% and 45% than comparison (cultivation matrix is river sand) respectively, and nitrate reductase activity is then Low by 3%;Buddingging early 4 days, flower diameter 22cm(compares 18cm), 8.8 ± 1.1 days florescences (compareed 8.5 ± 1.0 days);New root is fresh Weight, improving activity of root system, root system nitrate reductase activity (NRA) are respectively than comparison increase by 10%, 3%, 15%.The plant of soilless culture is not See and occur without pest and disease damage.
The Paeonia suffruticosa root system nitrate reductase activity of soilless substyate culture notable (p ∠ 0.05), higher than comparison, shows this substrate Thering is provided good rhizospheric environment, plant recovery of nutrient improves, it helps the Net Photosynthetic Rate that plant leaf is carried out improves, synthesis Organic substance provides again the carbon source needed for NRA and the energy, i.e. composite interstitial substance and is conducive to improving rhizospheric environment, promotes plant life Metabolism.
Embodiment two
' Paeonia ostii ' containerization soilless culture nutrient fluid pouring plant
A kind of Paeonia suffruticosa ' urticaria ' (Paeonia ostii T. Hong et J. X. Zhang var. lishizhenii B. A. Shen) plant cultivates in a reservoir, for ensureing that plant strain growth is normal, needs to supply essential nutrients and the water of plant strain growth Point.Plant is the raw seedling of 1-3, and its root system is through past earth, cleaning, and the method as described in embodiment one is carried out without soil basin Plant, water following nutritional solution.Every liter of nutritional solution is containing KNO3 606 mg、Ca (NO3).4H2O 827 mg、(NH4)2H2PO4 115 mg、MgSO4.7SO4 493 mg、FeSO4.7H2O 27.8 mg、EDTA 37.2 mg、H3BO3 2.86 mg、CuSO4.5H2O 0.08 mg、ZnSO4.7H2O 0.22 mg、MnSO4.4H2O 2 mg、H2MoO4.4H2O 0.09 mg、CoCl20.025 mg, 2- (N-morpholine) ethyl sulfonic acid (MES) 3mmol, remaining is water, and pH NaOH and HCl of 1 mol is adjusted to 6.2.Another kind more optimizes Nutrient solution prescription (NO Han Ca3)2.4H2O 827 mg、NH4NO3 120 mg、KNO3 506 mg、KH2PO4 136 mg、 MgSO4.7H2O 493 mg, other compositions are ibid.
Every 7 days water 2 times, every time with soilless substrate damp till.During this period depending on substrate dry and wet situation keep the skin wet to Damp (substrate field capacity 60%-70%).Plant keeps normal growth state, and leaf color is dark green, and growing way is healthy and strong.With this nutritional solution Pouring plant, the pH of soilless substrate solution phase is the most stable, and its mobility scale is between pH 7.25-6.25.Peony plant is at this In the range of physiology or growth promoter all normal (normally complete growth, bloom, the life process of result).
Embodiment three
' Paeonia ostii ' containerization soilless culture root system is induced
Paeonia suffruticosa root system is fleshy tap root, stores abundant nutrition.It is transferred to the peony plant of basin pot culture training from field, generally relies on meat The nutrition of root storage can maintain growth promoter to complete the process of blooming, but along with nutrient depletion, growing way gradually fails.For making potted plant planting Strain continues normal growth, it is necessary to induction occurs new absorption root, absorbs and to synthesize new nutrition supply plant healthy and strong from substrate Growth.A kind of Paeonia suffruticosa ' urticaria ' (Paeonia ostii T. Hong et J. X. Zhang var. lishizhenii B. A. Shen) the raw plant root of 1-3, clean earth, dip root-growing agent described in above invention third key point and keep moistening 30- The room temperature environment that 50 min(sunlight are not exposed to the sun all can realize), the every aqueous solution of root-growing agent containing IBA 80 mg, CCC 50 mg, NAA 50 mg, wherein, IBA and NAA is with a little ethanol hydrotropy, and remaining is water.Soilless culture is carried out, by embodiment by embodiment 1 2 carry out nutritional solution pouring.This formula root-growing agent of pouring in autumn once new preparation.Observe root system formalness and carry out micro-solution Cut open, it is thus achieved that the newborn side i.e. system of fibrous root of root of robust growth extension (shown in accompanying drawing 2) in substrate.
Paeonia suffruticosa root-growing agent carries out root induction and root on the impact of vine growth and development character with five kinds of soilless culture substrates It it is dissection and analysis.Linesless charcoal (particle diameter 5mm);Haydite;Perlite;Linesless charcoal: haydite (1: 1, volume ratio);Perlite: haydite (1: 1, body Long-pending ratio);Comparison (river sand).Perlite and haydite diameter are respectively 5 mm and 8-10 mm.The Paeonia suffruticosa new root of soilless culture is tapering On the horizontal and vertical microdissection structure chart of born of the same parents, conduit, the pore size of screen casing and the quantity in secondary vascular tissue with Comparison does not has notable difference.Showing, root-growing agent of the present invention does not change cultivating plants growth promoter pattern, does not the most affect plant Hereditary character, has occurred plant forms to promote or inducing action.
This root-growing agent can be additionally used in and promotes newborn root system development when plant bare-root seeding is transplanted.The present embodiment ' Paeonia ostii ' Seedling used Being 2 years raw bare-root seedings, spring, (tree-peony transplantation the most easily survived, and selects to enter in spring for getting rid of favorable factor impact in season OK) at the plant root above-mentioned root-growing agent of sprinkling until root system surface wettability, the root-growing agent naturally drying plant root surface is water-soluble Liquid (be not exposed to the sun sunlight, takes around 30 min).Composite interstitial substance consists of river sand;Linesless charcoal, diameter 10-5 mm;Haydite, diameter 2-5 mm;Perlite, diameter 1-3 mm;Its volume ratio is 1: 1: 0.5: 0.5, and mix homogeneously replaces soil, with soil for comparison Carry out contrast test.The peony plant that root-growing agent processes plants matter the most respectively in composite interstitial substance and soil, in phase Management and maintenance under the conditions of Tong.The plant induction of composite interstitial substance cultivation obtains newborn root system, the plant of soil cultivation, about 80% induction Obtain newborn root system.
The present embodiment with Paeonia suffruticosa ' Paeonia ostii ' as experiment material.Other Paeonia suffruticosa materials, such as ' star ', ' Wen Gonghong ', ' tree peony ' Etc. having similar effect.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is Paeonia suffruticosa soilless culture in A Linesless charcoal, B haydite, D Linesless charcoal haydite perlite, E pearlite haydite and F comparison (river sand) Root growth situation map.Fig. 2 is that Paeonia suffruticosa compares (river at A Linesless charcoal, B haydite, D Linesless charcoal haydite perlite, E pearlite haydite and F Husky) in the root system of soilless culture and stem section microdissection structure chart (10*2.5).

Claims (7)

1. a Soiless Culture of Paeonia Suffruticosa Andrews method, including: a) plant is planted in the soilless substrate in container;B) with nutritional solution Supply plant nutrition and moisture;C) plant is carried out maintenance management.
The most in accordance with the method for claim 1, it is characterised in that soilless culture substrate consists of river sand;Linesless charcoal, diameter 10-5 mm;Haydite, diameter 2-5mm;Perlite, diameter 1-3mm;Volume ratio is 1-5:0.5-5:0.25-2.5:0.25-2.5, Uniformly mixing.
The most in accordance with the method for claim 1, it is characterised in that nutritional solution, consisting of every liter containing KNO3 580-690 mg、 Ca (NO3).4H2O 827-120 mg、(NH4)2H2PO4 105-128 mg、MgSO4.7SO4466-595 mg;FeSO4.7H2O 27.8 - 41.2 mg、EDTA 27.8-47 mg、H3BO3 2.86- 4.27mg、CuSO4.5H2O 0.08-0.23 mg、 ZnSO4.7H2O 0.12-0.39 mg、MnSO4.4H2O 1-3.5 mg、H2MoO4.4H2O 0.09-0.26 mg、CoCl2 0.02- 0.15 mg, remaining is water.The nutrient solution prescription more optimized is: Ca (NO3)2.4H2O 688-847 mg、NH4NO3 90-135 mg、KNO3 450-580 mg、KH2PO4 113-179 mg、MgSO4.7H2O 453 -542 mg;Remaining is ibid.
4. according to the method described in claim 1 and 3, it is characterised in that nutritional solution adds 2-(N-morpholine) ethyl sulfonic acid (MES) and concentration is respectively 1 mol NaOH-HCl, nutritional solution pH adjusts to about 5.8.
The most in accordance with the method for claim 1, it is characterised in that a kind of root-growing agent, consisting of every aqueous solution contains indole Butanoic acid 80-200 mg, chlorocholine chloride 50-200 mg, naphthalene acetic acid 50-200 mg, remaining is water.
6., according to the method described in claim Isosorbide-5-Nitrae and 5, root-growing agent respectively used 1 time at plantlet of transplant initial stage and autumn, other time Between use nutritional solution pouring plant.
7., according to the method described in claim 1,2,5, plant strain growth ambient temperature 5 DEG C-25 DEG C, before entering the winter, (temperature is less than 3 DEG C), at least water the most freeze-up water in cultivating container.
CN201610241709.XA 2016-01-18 2016-04-19 Soilless culture technology for peony Active CN105900805B (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2016100295755 2016-01-18
CN201610029575 2016-01-18
CN201610178547X 2016-03-25
CN201610178547 2016-03-25

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105900805A true CN105900805A (en) 2016-08-31
CN105900805B CN105900805B (en) 2021-06-22

Family

ID=56746449

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610241709.XA Active CN105900805B (en) 2016-01-18 2016-04-19 Soilless culture technology for peony

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105900805B (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110178628A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-08-30 桂阳县东泰农业开发有限公司 A kind of high oil-producing implantation methods of tree peony
CN110574667A (en) * 2019-09-24 2019-12-17 西北农林科技大学 establishment method and application of kiwi plant sand culture technology system

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100694827B1 (en) * 2005-12-29 2007-03-13 주식회사 시내 & 들 Method of producing halophytes for planting in salt damaged area
CN1958530A (en) * 2005-11-02 2007-05-09 中国林业科学研究院林业研究所 Nutrient solution for soilless pot culture peony, preparation method and application
CN1957656A (en) * 2005-11-02 2007-05-09 中国林业科学研究院林业研究所 Forcing culture method with no soil for peony
CN104472199A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-01 广西壮族自治区药用植物园 Cuttage propagation method for anisetree bark

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1958530A (en) * 2005-11-02 2007-05-09 中国林业科学研究院林业研究所 Nutrient solution for soilless pot culture peony, preparation method and application
CN1957656A (en) * 2005-11-02 2007-05-09 中国林业科学研究院林业研究所 Forcing culture method with no soil for peony
KR100694827B1 (en) * 2005-12-29 2007-03-13 주식회사 시내 & 들 Method of producing halophytes for planting in salt damaged area
CN104472199A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-01 广西壮族自治区药用植物园 Cuttage propagation method for anisetree bark

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
刘登民等: "牡丹无土栽培试验初报", 《山东林业科技》 *
朱昌春等: "无土基质对江南盆栽牡丹生长的影响研究", 《黑龙江农业科学》 *
高凯等: "基质及外源激素在牡丹栽培中研究现状与应用综述", 《现代园艺》 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110178628A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-08-30 桂阳县东泰农业开发有限公司 A kind of high oil-producing implantation methods of tree peony
CN110574667A (en) * 2019-09-24 2019-12-17 西北农林科技大学 establishment method and application of kiwi plant sand culture technology system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105900805B (en) 2021-06-22

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102356746B (en) Technology for cultivating organic fruit and vegetable matrix
CN102898193B (en) Method for producing seedling-growing nutritive matrix by traditional Chinese medicine residue composting
CN103081791A (en) Nutrient solution cultivation method of Chinese yews
CN103444531B (en) A kind of quick-breeding method of silkwood tissue cultures
CN102550252A (en) Cultivation method of Dendrobium officinale
CN102113445B (en) Method for raising seedlings of Pinus kesiya var.langbianensis by efficient twig cuttage propagation
CN107018896B (en) A kind of method of facility cuttage tilia miqueliana
CN101578960B (en) Method for reducing aerial root of tissue culture seedling of hydrangea
CN105594573B (en) A kind of method for shortening camellia commodity potted flower juvenile phase
CN103371091A (en) Clivia soilless culture substrate and producing method thereof
CN107148899A (en) A kind of method for culturing seedlings for improving ice dish planting percent
CN103694039B (en) The light cultivation matrix of Hubei Province, a kind of river Camellia fraternal breeding and container seedling culture method thereof
CN104285748A (en) Method for improving survival rate of pachira macrocarpa seed seedling
CN103039366B (en) Industrial production method of mycorrhizal seedlings of Changbai Mountain rhododendron plants
CN102550271B (en) Method for commercialized cultivation of container seedling of cold-resistant japanese cinnamon germplasm
CN103098712B (en) Davallia mariesii breeding method
CN105900805A (en) Paeonia ostii soilless culture technology
CN108633596A (en) A kind of implantation methods of deep gloomy Chinese scholartree fast-growth
CN107624602A (en) A kind of cuttage breeding method of Ranunculus asiaticus
CN108450291A (en) A kind of pocket orchid cultivates matrix and its preparation method and application
CN105766295B (en) A kind of artificial breeding method of China top cuckoo nursery stock
CN107182754A (en) A kind of container soilless culture technique of tree peony
CN101766086B (en) Method for rapidly cutting and reproducing euphorbia pekinensis
CN105961126A (en) Southern magnolia cultivation method
CN107683768B (en) A kind of acclimatization and transplants method of the syringa reticulata var mandshurica tissue-cultured seedling of callus induction

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant