CN105439763A - Special micro balance ecological fertilizer for southern camellia oleifera and preparation method of special micro balance ecological fertilizer - Google Patents

Special micro balance ecological fertilizer for southern camellia oleifera and preparation method of special micro balance ecological fertilizer Download PDF

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CN105439763A
CN105439763A CN201510822644.3A CN201510822644A CN105439763A CN 105439763 A CN105439763 A CN 105439763A CN 201510822644 A CN201510822644 A CN 201510822644A CN 105439763 A CN105439763 A CN 105439763A
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fertilizer
tea
fermented
special micro
bacterium
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黄逸强
吴增凤
何安乐
王磊
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Hunan Profit Photar Ecotope Science And Technology Ltd
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Hunan Profit Photar Ecotope Science And Technology Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a special micro balance ecological fertilizer for southern camellia oleifera. The special micro balance ecological fertilizer comprises the following raw material components by percent: 5-10% of rape seed cake, 5-10% of tea seed cake, 20-25% of palm meal, 1-2% of fermentative strain, 1-2% of active functional bacteria, 10-15% of potassium sulphate, 10-15% of monoammonium phosphate, 30-35% of ammonium sulfate, 2-5% of calcium magnesium phosphate, 1-2% of glycine chelated trace element, 1-2% of silicon fertilizer and 1-2% of borax. In addition, the invention further discloses a preparation method for the special micro balance ecological fertilizer for southern camellia oleifera. According to the special micro balance ecological fertilizer for southern camellia oleifera, provided by the invention, according to soil environment in the south and combination of growth habits and environmental factors of the camellia oleifera, through controlling the formula components and component proportion, the purpose of providing comprehensive nutrition for growth of the camellia oleifera to improve the quality of the camellia oleifera is realized.

Description

Special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of a kind of southern oil tea and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to chemical fertilizer field, relate to a kind of ecological fertilizer, be specially special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of a kind of southern oil tea and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Fertilizer, be to provide the mineral element that one or more plants are required, improve soil property, a class material of level of increasing soil fertility, be one of basic substance of agriculture production, Different Crop is different to the demand of nutritive substance, and suitable fertilizer is not quite similar especially.
Oil tea is the distinctive oil plant seeds of China, is mainly distributed in 17 provinces (district) such as Guangxi, Hunan, Jiangxi.Traditional concept is thought, tea oil tree life-span length, strong adaptability, hills, mountain region, limes marginis, roadside all can grow.Do not strive ground with grain, cotton, fertilizer, agricultural chemicals can also be provided for agriculture production, promote the development of agricultural.Oil tea can not only planting trees on barren hills, conserve water and soil, have significant economic benefit, ecological benefits and good social benefit simultaneously.
China oil tea produces the constraint owing to managing custom for a long time by tradition, and the level of management in oil tea garden, most producing region are low, particularly do not draw attention to the management of fertilising.The domestic research of the special fertilizer to oil tea garden is few, and research level is more rough, and popularizing area is also very limited.China oil tea garden high speed development in recent years, but Fertilising implement bears the character of much blindness, no matter tree needs any nutrition, there is any fertilizer what is just executed fertile, and based on nitrogenous fertilizer, according to tea oil tree each element of fertilizer do not required and the rational application of fertilizer (tea oil tree normal growth needs 16 kind of plant essential elements: 6 kinds of macroelement: carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K); 3 kinds of moderate-elements: calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), sulphur (S); 7 kinds of trace elements: iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), boron (B), molybdenum (Mo), chlorine (Cl)), thus poor effect is failed as Yield and quality is improved at plantation family.
Current fertilizer is by main component classification, there are the kinds such as macroelement fertilizer, secondary and micro-element fertilizers, amino acids fertilizer, humic acid fertilizers, microbial bacteria fertilizer, organic fertilizer, marine alga fertilizer, earthworm fertilizer, bio-enzyme fertilizer, polyose fertilizer, and existing fertilizer is all single by it or some main components simply mix mostly on market, nutrition is single not comprehensive; More have a lot of organic fertilizer fermentation incomplete, just simply bank up, cause fertilizer apply soil after continue fermentation, burn seedling, the while of also in various degree with disease and pest; Nutrition-allocated proportion is science not, in various degree cause overnutrition or shortage, cause microorganism species uneven, bioavailability is low, Soil structure imbalance (acidifying, harden, salinization, flora reduces, some element exceeds standard), causes edatope uneven; The problems referred to above cause plant nutrition uneven jointly, and plant growth is unhealthy and strong and quality of agricultural product low, and then causes fertilizer application frequency many, labour intensity is large, easily burns seedling, crop hypoimmunity, disease and pest is serious, and quality of agricultural product is poor, the serious consequence that plantation family does not increase income.
Cause the reason of these problems to be that fertilizer supplementary material kind is single, not comprehensively, production process is too extensive, just simple mixing; Do not carry out scientific matching according to soil fertility, crop demand etc.; Supplementary material poor quality, residual heavy metal content is high, also causes bio-active bacteria (fungi) vigor poor simultaneously; Abuse chemical fertilizer, cause soil acidification, harden, salinization, flora imbalance, heavy metal imbalance, agricultural-food product is low; Fertilizer becomes thoroughly decomposed not exclusively, and sick worm and weeds do not have high temperature to kill, and applies and continues fermentation in ground and burn seedling; A large amount of pesticide abuse, disease and pest resistance strengthens, and agricultural-food agriculture is residual also to be increased simultaneously, not only causes plantation family income low, to the pollution of environment especially to the irreversible huge injury of the Nature.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned problems of the prior art, the invention provides the special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of a kind of southern oil tea, this fertilizer is strictly according to the edatope of southern area and in conjunction with the habit of tea oil tree and environmental factors, by controlling recipe ingredient and composition proportion thereof, to reach activating soil, to build up fertility, Sources controlling agriculture is residual, heavy metal and other objectionable impuritiess remain, promote tea oil tree dietetic alimentation etc., for tea oil tree growth provides full nutrition, improve the object of tea oil tree quality and commodity.
The technical solution used in the present invention is: the special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of a kind of southern oil tea, raw material comprises rapeseed cake, tea is withered, palm kernel meal, zymophyte, active function bacterium, potassium sulfate, monoammonium phosphate, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, glycine chelate trace element, siliceous fertilizer, borax, each component is respectively in percentage composition above: rapeseed cake 5 ~ 10%, tea withered 5 ~ 10%, palm kernel meal 20 ~ 25%, fermented bacterium 1 ~ 2%, active function bacterium 1 ~ 2%, potassium sulfate 10 ~ 15%, monoammonium phosphate 10 ~ 15%, ammonium sulfate 30 ~ 35%, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate 2 ~ 5%, glycine chelate trace element 1 ~ 2%, siliceous fertilizer 1 ~ 2%, borax 1 ~ 2%, described fermented bacterium comprises yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae, fixed nitrogen actinomycetes, lactobacillus lactis, thermophilus streptococcus, described active function bacterium comprises nitrogen-fixing rhizobia, bacillus laterosporus, Bacillus licheniformis, bacillus megaterium, bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, subtilis.
Further, described each component is respectively in percentage composition: rapeseed cake 5%, tea are withered 5%, palm kernel meal 20%, fermented bacterium 1%, active function bacterium 1%, potassium sulfate 15%, monoammonium phosphate 15%, ammonium sulfate 30%, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate 5%, glycine chelate trace element 1%, siliceous fertilizer 1%, borax 1%.
Further, in described fermented bacterium, the mass ratio of yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae, fixed nitrogen actinomycetes, lactobacillus lactis, thermophilus streptococcus is 5:1:2:1.
Further, in described active function bacterium, the quality Billy of nitrogen-fixing rhizobia, bacillus laterosporus, Bacillus licheniformis, bacillus megaterium, bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, subtilis is 1:3:3:2:2:5.
Further, described rapeseed cake, tea granularity that is withered, palm kernel meal are not less than 50 orders.
In addition, additionally provide the preparation method of the special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of above-mentioned tea oil tree, comprise the following steps:
1) fermented product preparation: withered to rapeseed cake, tea, palm kernel meal are dropped in fermentation vat in proportion and mix, add fermented bacterium fermentation, monitor leavening temperature in fermenting process, carry out turning when temperature reaches 55 DEG C-65 DEG C, fermentation time is 25-35 days;
2) fermented product process: taken out from fermentation vat by fermented product, obtains fermented product particle through pulverizing, sieving;
3) mix and blend: fermented product particle is dropped into stirrer, add zymophyte, active function bacterium, potassium sulfate, monoammonium phosphate, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, glycine chelate trace element, siliceous fertilizer, borax raw material in proportion, start under room temperature after stirrer stirs and discharge, obtain fertilizer product through pulverizing, sieving;
4) quality inspection warehouse-in: quality inspection fertilizer product, qualified product packaging and warehousing.
Further, described step 1) principle of turning is to maintain between 60 DEG C-65 DEG C and temperature no longer rises and can carry out turning process operations in 4-6h when the leavening temperature that monitor in fermented product preparation, each fermentation procedure turning number of times is 3-10 time.
Further, described pulverizing process is for being placed in room temperature fermentation first quarter moon by material, moisture naturally just evaporates into moisture and reaches the process being crushed into granularity after about 25% and being less than 50 order particles.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: 1. the present invention is the soil sample situation according to some areas, Hunan, in conjunction with habit and the environmental factors of tea oil tree, strictly determines system component and composition proportion thereof, is suitable for especially using in above-mentioned area.
2. the present invention is when selecting compost supplementary material, select to be rich in the plant-sourced supplementary material (rapeseed cake, tea withered, palm kernel meal) of N, P, K, organic matter and a small amount of medium trace element, calcium, magnesium, sulphur, iron, zinc, copper, manganese, molybdenum is added in work in-process compost, organic and inorganic combines, for tea oil tree growth provides full nutrition, and disease and pest can be suppressed and improve the anti-adversity ability of plant.
3. the present invention with the addition of chelating amino acids state trace element, has and increases tea oil tree output, improve tea leaf quality, alleviate the occurrence and harm of disease and pest, improve the effect of product commodity.
4. the present invention can increase soil microorganisms kind, makes the profitable strain of soil become dominant bacteria, simultaneously in invention containing the necessary organic matter of a large amount of microbial growth, can allow the continuous growth and breeding of useful dominant bacteria, balance microorganism species, improves edatope.
6. the present invention adds efficient zymophyte and active function bacterium and seaweed extracted liquor, can improved soil nodule structure, increases soil fertility, rehabilitating soil hardens, the problem such as acidifying, can activating soil, build up fertility, there is certain effect of improving the soil.
7. preparation method's method of the present invention is simple, and cost is low, and without uht process, preparation process using appts is usual means, and easily enforcement, easily scale operation, practicality is high.
In sum, the fertilizer that the present invention relates to is strictly according to the edatope of hinterland and in conjunction with the habit of tea oil tree and environmental factors, obtained by control recipe ingredient and composition proportion thereof, there is activating soil, build up fertility, for tea oil tree growth provides the effect of full nutrition, thus improve the disease resistance ability of tea oil tree, significantly improve tea oil quality and commodity.
Embodiment
For enabling above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, feature and advantage become apparent more, elaborate below to the specific embodiment of the present invention.Set forth a lot of detail in the following description so that fully understand the present invention.But the present invention can implement to be much different from other modes described here, those skilled in the art can when without prejudice to doing similar improvement when intension of the present invention, therefore the present invention is by the restriction of following public concrete enforcement.
The present invention is in R&D process, and gather the soil sample of some areas, Hunan, three ground are respectively, Tang Tian town, Shaoyang City Shaoyang County, Hunan Province, mountain village, entrance to a lane, Youxian County of zhuzhou, hunan province city Jia mountain area, Lanjiang River township, Changning City, Hunan Province; Soil sample analysis report is as follows:
Censorship pedotheque detected result (1):
Censorship pedotheque detected result (2):
Censorship pedotheque detected result (3):
Technical solution of the present invention is exactly the situation according to above-mentioned soil sample, and in conjunction with habit and other environmental factorss of tea oil tree, repetition test, strictly determines that formulation ratio obtains, have practicality, novelty and creativeness.
The special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of a kind of southern oil tea, raw material comprises rapeseed cake, tea is withered, palm kernel meal, zymophyte, active function bacterium, potassium sulfate, monoammonium phosphate, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, glycine chelate trace element, siliceous fertilizer, borax, each component is respectively in percentage composition above: rapeseed cake 5 ~ 10%, tea withered 5 ~ 10%, palm kernel meal 20 ~ 25%, fermented bacterium 1 ~ 2%, active function bacterium 1 ~ 2%, potassium sulfate 10 ~ 15%, monoammonium phosphate 10 ~ 15%, ammonium sulfate 30 ~ 35%, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate 2 ~ 5%, glycine chelate trace element 1 ~ 2%, siliceous fertilizer 1 ~ 2%, borax 1 ~ 2%, described fermented bacterium comprises yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae, fixed nitrogen actinomycetes, lactobacillus lactis, thermophilus streptococcus, described active function bacterium comprises nitrogen-fixing rhizobia, bacillus laterosporus, Bacillus licheniformis, bacillus megaterium, bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, subtilis.
Wherein, in described fermented bacterium, the mass ratio of yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae, fixed nitrogen actinomycetes, lactobacillus lactis, thermophilus streptococcus is 5:1:2:1.In described active function bacterium, the quality Billy of nitrogen-fixing rhizobia, bacillus laterosporus, Bacillus licheniformis, bacillus megaterium, bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, subtilis is 1:3:3:2:2:5.Described rapeseed cake, tea are withered, the granularity of palm kernel meal is not less than 50 orders.
Above-mentioned fertilizer formula, preferably, described each component is respectively in percentage composition: rapeseed cake 5%, tea are withered 5%, palm kernel meal 20%, fermented bacterium 1%, active function bacterium 1%, potassium sulfate 15%, monoammonium phosphate 15%, ammonium sulfate 30%, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate 5%, glycine chelate trace element 1%, siliceous fertilizer 1%, borax 1%.
The preparation method of the special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of above-mentioned southern tea oil tree, comprises the following steps:
1) fermented product preparation: withered to rapeseed cake, tea, palm kernel meal are dropped in fermentation vat in proportion and mix, add fermented bacterium fermentation, monitor leavening temperature in fermenting process, carry out turning when temperature reaches 55 DEG C-65 DEG C, fermentation time is 25-35 days;
2) fermented product process: taken out from fermentation vat by fermented product, obtains fermented product particle through pulverizing, sieving;
3) mix and blend: fermented product particle is dropped into stirrer, add zymophyte, active function bacterium, potassium sulfate, monoammonium phosphate, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, glycine chelate trace element, siliceous fertilizer, borax raw material in proportion, start under room temperature after stirrer stirs and discharge, obtain fertilizer product through pulverizing, sieving;
4) quality inspection warehouse-in: quality inspection fertilizer product, qualified product packaging and warehousing.
Preferably, described step 1) principle of turning is to maintain between 60 DEG C-65 DEG C and temperature no longer rises and can carry out turning process operations in 4-6h when the leavening temperature that monitor in fermented product preparation, each fermentation procedure turning number of times is 3-10 time.
Preferably, described pulverizing process is for being placed in room temperature fermentation first quarter moon by material, moisture naturally just evaporates into moisture and reaches the process being crushed into granularity after about 25% and being less than 50 order particles.
Raw material of the present invention comprises that rapeseed cake, tea are withered, palm kernel meal, zymophyte, active function bacterium, potassium sulfate, monoammonium phosphate, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, glycine chelate trace element, siliceous fertilizer, borax.
In mentioned component, rapeseed cake can provide the nutrients such as organic matter, N P and K; Tea is withered can provide organic matter, N P and K, trace element, crude protein, crude fat, tea saponin, saponin element etc., and saponin element is a kind of botanical pesticide energy Pesticidal and sterilizing, increases fertilizer efficiency.
Calcium is with the mesogloea of the morphosis plant cell wall of calcium pectinate, cell and cell is made to be tied formative tissue, and make the organ of plant or individuality have certain physical strength, calcium deficiency will cause crop karyomit(e) abnormal, calcium can also in and plant materials intracellular metabolite process produce too much and poisonous organic acid, particularly calcium is combined with oxalic acid and forms insoluble caoxalate and eliminate organic acid and poison, the component of some enzymes and activator in calcium or plant materials.If calcium is the diastatic component of a-; also containing calcium etc. in apysase, calcium can contribute to the stability of cytolemma, promotes the absorption of potassium ion (K+); delaying cell aging; also have report to point out, calcium can also lower the dispersity of protoplasma colloid, and plasmic viscosity is strengthened simultaneously; coordinate with potassium ion; can plasmic normal activity be regulated, make the water-filling degree of cell, viscosity, elasticity and perviousness etc. maintain normal physiological status, be conducive to the eubolism of crop.
Magnesium, by the activator as chlorophyll component and multiple enzyme, participates in the photosynthesis of crop, and the metabolism of the carbohydrate in body, protein and fat etc., improves tea oil tree quality.
Borax provides boron for plant growth, and boron can promote transport and the metabolism of crop carbohydrate, participates in the synthesis of cell walls tissue, promotes the elongation of cell and the division of cell, promotes the sprouting of tea oil tree pollen and the elongation of pollen tube, reduces sugared exosmosing in pollen.Borax can improve the fertilization of oil tea pollen, flower and fruit protecting.
Iron can promote nitrate reductase in chlorophyllous synthesis and oil tea tree root, or the limiting factor of tea oil tree absorbed nitrogen and phosphorus.
The function of copper in tea oil tree body is many-sided, and it is the moiety of multiple enzyme, and the carbon assimalation of copper and tea oil tree, nitrogen metabolism, sorption and redox processes all have close ties.
Zinc is that tea oil tree grows one of required trace element, is the moiety of more than the 80 kind of enzymes such as carbonic anhydrase, participates in the synthesis of growth hormone (IAA), promotes photosynthesis, and participates in the synthesis of protein and relevant with cell fission.
Molybdenum is the component of nitrogenase and nitrate reductase, scarce molybdenum can affect the synthesis of nodule nitrogen fixation and protein, molybdenum can also promote that crop is to the conversion to organophosphorus of the absorption of phosphorus and inorganic phosphorus, and molybdenum all plays an important role in the generation of vitamins C and carbohydrate, running and conversion.
Rare earth effectively can promote leaf growth, chlorophyll content in leaf blades can be significantly improved, strengthen photosynthetic use, promote seed germination and root growth, seed vitality is increased, seedling rate improves, the rare earth element of appropriate concentration also can promote growing of crop root, improve improving activity of root system, promote Furcation defects and Metabolic activity, radical showed increased, root is long to rise appreciably, it is more that root brings up again height, thus improve the absorption of root to the nutrient substances such as N P and K and moisture, promote the growth of crop field upper part, plant increases, to tiller or branch increases and is conducive to promoting the growth of plant, rare earth can also strengthen the anti-adversity ability of crop, crop can resist the impact of unsuitable environmental condition in the living environment of complexity, guarantee output is played an important role, by giving facts have proved of crop applying rare earth, crop is to salt marsh, arid, the resistivity of the impact of the poor environments such as low temperature strengthens greatly, simultaneously, rare earth can improve the output of agricultural-food, improve product quality, reduce heavy metal content and raising food safety in agricultural-food.
Siliceous fertilizer can reduce the Cracking fruit of oil tea fruit.
Zymophyte and active function bacterium, can improved soil nodule structure, increases soil fertility, rehabilitating soil hardens, the problem such as acidifying, can activating soil, build up fertility, there is certain effect of improving the soil.
The present invention is strictly according to the edatope of hinterland and in conjunction with the habit of tea oil tree and environmental factors, by controlling above-mentioned raw materials component and composition proportion thereof, to reach activating soil, to build up fertility, for tea oil tree growth provides full nutrition, improve the object of tea oil tree quality and commodity.
It is below specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1:
The special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of a kind of southern oil tea, raw material comprises that rapeseed cake, tea are withered, palm kernel meal, zymophyte, active function bacterium, potassium sulfate, monoammonium phosphate, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, glycine chelate trace element, siliceous fertilizer, borax, above each component is respectively in percentage composition: rapeseed cake 5%, tea are withered 5%, palm kernel meal 20%, fermented bacterium 2%, active function bacterium 2%, potassium sulfate 10%, monoammonium phosphate 10%, ammonium sulfate 35%, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate 5%, glycine chelate trace element 2%, siliceous fertilizer 2%, borax 2%; Described fermented bacterium comprises yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae, fixed nitrogen actinomycetes, lactobacillus lactis, thermophilus streptococcus; Described active function bacterium comprises nitrogen-fixing rhizobia, bacillus laterosporus, Bacillus licheniformis, bacillus megaterium, bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, subtilis.In described fermented bacterium, the mass ratio of yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae, fixed nitrogen actinomycetes, lactobacillus lactis, thermophilus streptococcus is 5:1:2:1.In described active function bacterium, the quality Billy of nitrogen-fixing rhizobia, bacillus laterosporus, Bacillus licheniformis, bacillus megaterium, bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, subtilis is 1:3:3:2:2:5.Described rapeseed cake, tea are withered, the granularity of palm kernel meal is not less than 50 orders.
Embodiment 2:
The special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of a kind of southern oil tea, raw material comprises that rapeseed cake, tea are withered, palm kernel meal, zymophyte, active function bacterium, potassium sulfate, monoammonium phosphate, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, glycine chelate trace element, siliceous fertilizer, borax, above each component is respectively in percentage composition: rapeseed cake 5%, tea are withered 5%, palm kernel meal 25%, fermented bacterium 1%, active function bacterium 1%, potassium sulfate 13%, monoammonium phosphate 15%, ammonium sulfate 30%, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate 2%, glycine chelate trace element 1%, siliceous fertilizer 1%, borax 1%; Described fermented bacterium comprises yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae, fixed nitrogen actinomycetes, lactobacillus lactis, thermophilus streptococcus; Described active function bacterium comprises nitrogen-fixing rhizobia, bacillus laterosporus, Bacillus licheniformis, bacillus megaterium, bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, subtilis.In described fermented bacterium, the mass ratio of yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae, fixed nitrogen actinomycetes, lactobacillus lactis, thermophilus streptococcus is 5:1:2:1.In described active function bacterium, the quality Billy of nitrogen-fixing rhizobia, bacillus laterosporus, Bacillus licheniformis, bacillus megaterium, bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, subtilis is 1:3:3:2:2:5.Described rapeseed cake, tea are withered, the granularity of palm kernel meal is not less than 50 orders.
Embodiment 3:
The preparation method of the special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of tea oil tree described in embodiment 1, comprises the following steps:
1) fermented product preparation: withered to rapeseed cake, tea, palm kernel meal are dropped in fermentation vat in proportion and mix, add fermented bacterium fermentation, monitor leavening temperature in fermenting process, carry out turning when temperature reaches 55 DEG C-65 DEG C, fermentation time is 25-35 days;
2) fermented product process: taken out from fermentation vat by fermented product, obtains fermented product particle through pulverizing, sieving;
3) mix and blend: fermented product particle is dropped into stirrer, add zymophyte, active function bacterium, potassium sulfate, monoammonium phosphate, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, glycine chelate trace element, siliceous fertilizer, borax raw material in proportion, start under room temperature after stirrer stirs and discharge, obtain fertilizer product through pulverizing, sieving;
4) quality inspection warehouse-in: quality inspection fertilizer product, qualified product packaging and warehousing.
Embodiment 4:
The special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of a kind of southern oil tea, raw material comprises that rapeseed cake, tea are withered, palm kernel meal, zymophyte, active function bacterium, potassium sulfate, monoammonium phosphate, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, glycine chelate trace element, siliceous fertilizer, borax, above each component is respectively in percentage composition: rapeseed cake 5%, tea are withered 5%, palm kernel meal 20%, fermented bacterium 1%, active function bacterium 1%, potassium sulfate 15%, monoammonium phosphate 15%, ammonium sulfate 30%, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate 5%, glycine chelate trace element 1%, siliceous fertilizer 1%, borax 1%; Described fermented bacterium comprises yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae, fixed nitrogen actinomycetes, lactobacillus lactis, thermophilus streptococcus; Described active function bacterium comprises nitrogen-fixing rhizobia, bacillus laterosporus, Bacillus licheniformis, bacillus megaterium, bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, subtilis.In described fermented bacterium, the mass ratio of yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae, fixed nitrogen actinomycetes, lactobacillus lactis, thermophilus streptococcus is 5:1:2:1.In described active function bacterium, the quality Billy of nitrogen-fixing rhizobia, bacillus laterosporus, Bacillus licheniformis, bacillus megaterium, bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, subtilis is 1:3:3:2:2:5.Described rapeseed cake, tea are withered, the granularity of palm kernel meal is not less than 50 orders.
The preparation method of the special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of above-mentioned southern tea oil tree, comprises the following steps:
1) fermented product preparation: withered to rapeseed cake, tea, palm kernel meal are dropped in fermentation vat in proportion and mix, add fermented bacterium fermentation, monitor leavening temperature in fermenting process, carry out turning when temperature reaches 55 DEG C-65 DEG C, fermentation time is 25-35 days;
2) fermented product process: taken out from fermentation vat by fermented product, obtains fermented product particle through pulverizing, sieving;
3) mix and blend: fermented product particle is dropped into stirrer, add zymophyte, active function bacterium, potassium sulfate, monoammonium phosphate, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, glycine chelate trace element, siliceous fertilizer, borax raw material in proportion, start under room temperature after stirrer stirs and discharge, obtain fertilizer product through pulverizing, sieving;
4) quality inspection warehouse-in: quality inspection fertilizer product, qualified product packaging and warehousing.
The fertilizer product utilizing embodiment 4 to obtain carries out enforcement checking:
1, testing program: test is established 3 to process altogether and point another is respectively Tang Tian town, Shaoyang City Shaoyang County, Hunan Province in different areas, mountain village, entrance to a lane, Youxian County of zhuzhou, hunan province city Jia mountain area, Lanjiang River township, Changning City, Hunan Province compare test, each 15 mu of area.The fertile profit Photar south special micro-balance Eco-fertilizer of oil tea and 45% (15-15-15) composite fertilizer of adopting of test compares.
2, test process and test method: 2 process are established in test altogether.
(1) experimental group (TE): the special micro-balance Eco-fertilizer of profit Photar south oil tea: 2 kilograms/strain executed by base manure;
(2) comparative group (CK): 45% composite fertilizer: 0.5 kilogram/strain;
3, field management: insect pest preventing and controlling and the actual unified management of moisture management.
4, test result analysis:
(1) oil tea growing way and tea seed yield comparison:
Use viewed from test-results profit Photar south the special micro-balance Eco-fertilizer of oil tea and 45% composite fertilizer's comparing result can draw with conclusion:
A, the special micro-balance Eco-fertilizer of total root system average quantity profit Photar south oil tea improve 7.4%, 13.4%, 7.6% respectively than 45% composite fertilizer.
B, the special micro-balance Eco-fertilizer of hat width average area profit Photar south oil tea improve 14.3%, 2.5%, 37.5% respectively than 45% composite fertilizer.
The special micro-balance Eco-fertilizer of c, bud average quantity profit Photar south oil tea improves 23.3%, 27.9%, 7.6% respectively than 45% composite fertilizer.
The special micro-balance Eco-fertilizer of d, shoot length mean length profit Photar south oil tea improves 21.4%, 5.1%, 17.5% respectively than 45% composite fertilizer.
The special micro-balance Eco-fertilizer of e, individual plant mean yield profit Photar south oil tea improves 21.6%, 14.3%, 18.8% respectively than 45% composite fertilizer.
(2) contrast of tea oil tree incidence:
Can find out that to use profit Photar south oil tea special micro-balance Eco-fertilizer obviously fewer than composite fertilizer a lot of to oil tea disease resistance from upper table.
The above embodiment only have expressed several embodiment of the present invention, and it describes comparatively in detail concrete, but therefore can not be interpreted as the restriction to the scope of the claims of the present invention.It should be pointed out that to those skilled in the art, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, the protection domain of patent of the present invention should be as the criterion with claims.

Claims (8)

1. the special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of southern oil tea, it is characterized in that, raw material comprises rapeseed cake, tea is withered, palm kernel meal, zymophyte, active function bacterium, potassium sulfate, monoammonium phosphate, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, glycine chelate trace element, siliceous fertilizer, borax, each component is respectively in percentage composition above: rapeseed cake 5 ~ 10%, tea withered 5 ~ 10%, palm kernel meal 20 ~ 25%, fermented bacterium 1 ~ 2%, active function bacterium 1 ~ 2%, potassium sulfate 10 ~ 15%, monoammonium phosphate 10 ~ 15%, ammonium sulfate 30 ~ 35%, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate 2 ~ 5%, glycine chelate trace element 1 ~ 2%, siliceous fertilizer 1 ~ 2%, borax 1 ~ 2%, described fermented bacterium comprises yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae, fixed nitrogen actinomycetes, lactobacillus lactis, thermophilus streptococcus, described active function bacterium comprises nitrogen-fixing rhizobia, bacillus laterosporus, Bacillus licheniformis, bacillus megaterium, bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, subtilis.
2. the special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of the southern oil tea of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described each component is respectively in percentage composition: rapeseed cake 5%, tea are withered 5%, palm kernel meal 20%, fermented bacterium 1%, active function bacterium 1%, potassium sulfate 15%, monoammonium phosphate 15%, ammonium sulfate 30%, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate 5%, glycine chelate trace element 1%, siliceous fertilizer 1%, borax 1%.
3. the special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of the southern oil tea of one according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, in described fermented bacterium, the mass ratio of yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae, fixed nitrogen actinomycetes, lactobacillus lactis, thermophilus streptococcus is 5:1:2:1.
4. the special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of the southern oil tea of one according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, in described active function bacterium, the quality Billy of nitrogen-fixing rhizobia, bacillus laterosporus, Bacillus licheniformis, bacillus megaterium, bacillusmusilaginosiengineering, subtilis is 1:3:3:2:2:5.
5. the special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of the southern oil tea of one according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described rapeseed cake, tea are withered, the granularity of palm kernel meal is not less than 50 orders.
6. the preparation method of the special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of any one the southern oil tea as described in claim 1-5, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
1) fermented product preparation: withered to rapeseed cake, tea, palm kernel meal are dropped in fermentation vat in proportion and mix, add fermented bacterium fermentation, monitor leavening temperature in fermenting process, carry out turning when temperature reaches 55 DEG C-65 DEG C, fermentation time is 25-35 days;
2) fermented product process: taken out from fermentation vat by fermented product, obtains fermented product particle through pulverizing, sieving;
3) mix and blend: fermented product particle is dropped into stirrer, add zymophyte, active function bacterium, potassium sulfate, monoammonium phosphate, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, glycine chelate trace element, siliceous fertilizer, borax raw material in proportion, start under room temperature after stirrer stirs and discharge, obtain fertilizer product through pulverizing, sieving;
4) quality inspection warehouse-in: quality inspection fertilizer product, qualified product packaging and warehousing.
7. the preparation method of the special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of a kind of southern oil tea according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described step 1) principle of turning is to maintain between 60 DEG C-65 DEG C and temperature no longer rises and can carry out turning process operations in 4-6h when the leavening temperature that monitor in fermented product preparation, each fermentation procedure turning number of times is 3-10 time.
8. the preparation method of the special micro-balance ecological fertilizer of a kind of southern oil tea according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described pulverizing process is for being placed in room temperature fermentation first quarter moon by material, moisture naturally just evaporates into moisture and reaches the process being crushed into granularity after about 25% and being less than 50 order particles.
CN201510822644.3A 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 Special micro balance ecological fertilizer for southern camellia oleifera and preparation method of special micro balance ecological fertilizer Pending CN105439763A (en)

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