CN105393958A - Current year fish fingerling indoor cement pool high density aquaculture method for bigmouth grenadier anchovy artificial breeding - Google Patents

Current year fish fingerling indoor cement pool high density aquaculture method for bigmouth grenadier anchovy artificial breeding Download PDF

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CN105393958A
CN105393958A CN201510788531.6A CN201510788531A CN105393958A CN 105393958 A CN105393958 A CN 105393958A CN 201510788531 A CN201510788531 A CN 201510788531A CN 105393958 A CN105393958 A CN 105393958A
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net
bait
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pond
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CN105393958B (en
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施永海
张海明
严银龙
谢永德
刘永士
邓平平
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Shanghai Fisheries Research Institute
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

A Current year fish fingerling indoor cement pool high density aquaculture method for bigmouth grenadier anchovy artificial breeding includes: preparation before stocking; fish fingerling stocking; aquaculture early stage management; aquaculture middle stage management; and aquaculture later stage management. The method is characterized by: coating an aquaculture pool with light blue cement paint, washing and cleaning the aquaculture pool, and adding local fresh water and river mouth brackish water into the aquaculture pool, wherein the local fresh water and the river mouth brackish water is performed sediment treatment and bolting-silk screen filtering treatment; dividing the fish fingerlings of bigmouth grenadier anchovies into different pools after net pulling training, wherein the average body length of the stocking size is 3.0 cm, and the stocking density is 180-200 fishes per square meter, the average body length of the fish fingerlings is 3.0-7.0 cm in early stage management, the average body length of the fish fingerlings is 7.0-8.0 cm in middle stage management, the fishing fingerlings are divided into different pools with the growth of the fish fingerlings, the aquaculture density is reduced to 120-150 fishes per square meter, the average body length of the fish fingerlings is above 8 cm in later stage management, the size of the fish fingerlings of the bigmouth grenadier anchovies is that the body weight is 2.0-3.0 g per fish and the body length is 9-11 cm, and the aquaculture survival rate is 75%-85% when the bigmouth grenadier anchovies are harvested.

Description

A kind of indoor water of fingerling then mud sump high-density breeding method of cutter long-tailed anchovy artificial breeding
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultivation of cutter long-tailed anchovy, the especially indoor water of the fingerling then mud sump high-density breeding method of cutter long-tailed anchovy artificial breeding.
Background technology
Cutter long-tailed anchovy (Coiliaectenes), belongs to Clupeiformes, Anchovy section, long-tailed anchovy genus, is commonly called as hairtail, rough cutter fish, Mao Huayu, beard fish, tapertail anchovy.Mainly be distributed in the yellow Bohai Sea of China and the East Sea one band, all maritime rivers such as the Liaohe River, Haihe River, the Yellow River, the Changjiang river, the Qiantang River all can be seen, and it is with fine and tender taste, delicious flavour and famous, are the famous and precious migration fishes of enjoying one of " the Changjiang river three delicacies " good reputation.In recent years, due to the impact of the factors such as overfishing and the deterioration of the ecological environment, cutter long-tailed anchovy resource sharply fails, and the market demand is growing on and on, even arrived the awkward situation had price but no buyers, the clear and bright front and back of 2012, the cutter long-tailed anchovy market price of about three liang specifications is up to 9000 yuan/jin.At present, in order to progressively recover Coilia ectenes in Yangtze River resource, the increment that fish-farming operation department arranges fund to carry out this fish is every year released, because the increment of cutter long-tailed anchovy releases place generally in entrance of Changjiang River, after fingerling is released, migration is in the natural habitat of ocean, ocean natural ecological environment is complicated, for ensureing that fry survives quantity natural, the fingerling that just requires to release has stronger anti-adversity ability, so General Requirements cutter tapertail anchovy kind releases specification at the long 8-10cm of body, meanwhile, domestic cutter long-tailed anchovy raiser is that Shortening culturing period also needs such large size fingerling then, therefore, the demand of domestic cutter long-tailed anchovy large size fingerling is then larger, and these fingerlings also want the stress reaction that can adapt to long-distance transport.But the technology of intensive batch production cutter long-tailed anchovy large size fingerling then does not also have maturation, at present, the cultivation of cutter long-tailed anchovy fingerling then all adopts pond culture and the cultivation of indoor water mud sump low-density, these aquaculture models expose some shortcomings: 1) the pond breeding method fingerling then that cultivates out, wild nature is strong, have a fiery temperament, unsuitable manual operation, cause transport live transport lethality high, be not suitable for long-time transport; 2) indoor water mud sump low-density cultural method, although cultivation fingerling adaptation to stress is out better, also can transport for long-distance, the too low (5-10 tail/m of cultivation density 2), unit produces very low, and deficiency in economic performance, can not provide large size seedling seed in batches.So, need to research and develop a kind of cultural technique, both can manufacture cutter long-tailed anchovy large size fingerling then, the cutter tapertail anchovy kind produced can be made again to adapt to long-distance transport.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of indoor water of fingerling then mud sump high-density breeding method of cutter long-tailed anchovy artificial breeding.
Technical scheme of the present invention forms by putting front preparation, fingerling stocking, cultivation prophase management, cultivation middle term management, cultivation final-period management and results in a suitable place to breed, it is characterized in that adopting rectangle cement culturing pool, culturing pool water level is 90 ~ 120cm, adopt at the bottom of light blue cement paint application culturing pool pool wall and pond, keep smooth surface, then use freshwater soaking culturing pool 1-2 week, within 3 ~ 5 days before putting in a suitable place to breed, soak 24h with 20ppm calcium hypochlorite solution, calcium hypochlorite available chlorine content, more than 65%, is rinsed well afterwards, and 1 ~ 2 day, dry pond is soaked with clear water, inflated, until remain without available chlorine, put first 1 day in a suitable place to breed, culturing pool is intake, with the hydromining local fresh water filtered through 24 hours precipitations and 150 mesh sieve tulles, with fan blower and No. 30 diamond dust gas exhausting stone continuous charge oxygenation, gas stone density is 0.5/m 2, tolerance presents wavy, Summer Indoor water temperature 27 ~ 30 DEG C, draws in the net to separate the cultivation carrying out fingerling then by the cutter tapertail anchovy kind of artificial breeding from seed rearing pond, seed draws in the net 1-2 days before point pond, carry out drawing in the net to take exercise, with the soft bolting silk net of 80 order, slowly draw in the net when drawing in the net, behind pond, bolting silk net both sides slowly to be drawn in formation net and enclose, fry is concentrated in net encloses, allow fry at less activity space endoadaptation 2-3 minute, then net encloses and decontrols flatly, allows fry freely swim out of net and encloses, so continuous exercise 2-3 time, makes fry adapt to draw in the net operation, seed draws in the net after exercise, carry out a point pond to draw in the net to operate, stop eating 24 hours before point pond, then the soft bolting silk net of 60 order is adopted by the fry enclosure in seed rearing pond among a small circle, scooped in the culturing pool of preparation by fry with basin, whole process fry is not dried up, the long 2.5-3.5cm of stocking size body, average 3.0cm, breeding density is at 180-200 tail/m 2, aquaculture management divides three phases: cultivation prophase management, cultivation middle term management and cultivation final-period management: cultivation prophase management fry is less, average body length is at 3.0-7.0cm, period, bait was the natural living body bait in freshwater aquiculture pond, as: wheel animalcule, cladocera, copepoda, bait adopts 80 mesh sieve tulles to fish for, filter out impurity and harmful organisms by 20 object mesh sheet, throw something and feed every day 2 times, when throwing something and feeding with second time, have a small amount of surplus material to be as the criterion, inhale the end 1 time every day, change weekly water 2 times, change water 2/3 at every turn, with the local fresh water of hydromining through 24 hours precipitations and the filtration of 150 mesh sieve tulles, every 25-30 days, move pond 1 time, cultivation middle term management is the transitional period in former and later two cultivation stages, the long 7.0-8.0cm of fingerling average body, period, bait changed to the large individual living bait of brackish water gradually by fresh water living bait, the cladocera of fresh water living bait mainly large gauge, copepoda and the aquatic insect young, brackish water living bait mainly copepoda, the Exopalaemon carinicauda young and small dimension oppossum shrimp, bait all adopts 60 mesh sieve tulles to fish for, 20 object mesh sheet filter out impurity and harmful organisms, throw something and feed every day 2 times, a small amount of surplus material is had to be as the criterion when throwing something and feeding with second time, first fresh water bait is main, brackish water bait is auxiliary, two kinds of living baits half and half again, last brackish water bait is main, fresh water bait is auxiliary, inhale the end 1 time every day, change weekly water 2 times, change water 2/3 at every turn, when changing water, progressively rise salinity at every turn, rise salinity 2-3 ‰ at every turn, remain on 8-10 to salinity, with hydromining with through 24 hours precipitations and the filtration of 150 mesh sieve tulles, cultivation grows with fingerling mid-term, needs and time-division pond, fingerling cultivation density is reduced to 120-150 tail/m 2, move point pond draw in the net operate with reference to seed put in a suitable place to breed time operation, cultivation final-period management, long more than the 8cm of fingerling average body, period bait be mainly the natural living body bait in seawater aquaculturing pond, as: large gauge oppossum shrimp, the Exopalaemon carinicauda young and young shrimp, bait adopts 60 mesh sieve tulles to fish for, and throws something and feeds every day 2 times, has a small amount of surplus material to be as the criterion when throwing something and feeding with second time, soil pick-up 1 time every other day, changes weekly water 2 times, changes water 2/3 at every turn, and with the hydromining Hekou District brackish water filtered through 24 hours precipitations and 150 mesh sieve tulles, salinity is 8-10, every 30-40 days, moves pond 1 time, draw in the net results generally in December, and indoor water temperature is within the scope of 8-12 DEG C, and cutter tapertail anchovy kind specification is body weight 2.0-3.0g/ tail, body is long is 9-11cm, and cultivation survival rate is 75-85%.
The present invention relative to the outstanding feature of the pond cultivation technology of fingerling then of existing wild cutter long-tailed anchovy indoor water mud sump cultural technique and artificial breeding is: the 1) indoor water of the fingerling then mud sump cultivation density (120-200 tail/m of artificial breeding 2) relative to existing wild cutter long-tailed anchovy indoor water mud sump cultivation density (5-10 tail/m 2) and the pond culture of the fingerling then density (2-3 tail/m of artificial breeding 2) high a lot, solve the bottleneck that fingerling is then intensive, scale is produced in batches, which also saves breeding spaces, improve cultured output and economic benefit; 2) the cultivation survival rate (75-85%) of this method is obviously high than (40-60%) of pond culture, cultivates (5-10 tail/m with existing cement pit low-density 2) survival rate (70-90%) suitable; 3) this method is in implementation process, carry out the adaptation to stress repeatedly drawing in the net to move pond and point pond, the cutter long-tailed anchovy wild nature alleviating pond culture is strong, have a fiery temperament, unsuitable manual operation, bulk transport survival rate problem, the cutter long-tailed anchovy fingerling then that the method cultivates out, can more than 90% be reached through the transportation survival rates of 5 hours, may be used for large size fingerling long distance transportation, as; Increment is released and is outwards sold fingerling.The present invention is easy and simple to handle, is easy to be accepted and promote.
Embodiment
Production technology of the present invention comprises the steps:
Put front preparation in a suitable place to breed: adopt rectangle cement culturing pool, area 20-25m 2, culturing pool water level should not too high (being generally 90 ~ 120cm), adopts at the bottom of light blue cement paint application culturing pool pool wall and pond, preserves smooth surface; Then use freshwater soaking cement pit 1-2 week, within 3 ~ 5 days before putting in a suitable place to breed, soak 24h with 20ppm calcium hypochlorite (available chlorine content is more than 65%) solution, rinse well afterwards, 1 ~ 2 day, dry pond, soak with clear water, inflate, until remain without available chlorine.Put first 1 day in a suitable place to breed, culturing pool is intake, with the hydromining local fresh water filtered through 24 hours precipitations and 150 mesh sieve tulles.With fan blower and No. 30 diamond dust gas exhausting stone continuous charge oxygenation, gas stone density is 0.5/m 2, tolerance presents wavy;
Fingerling stocking: for area, Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces, in mid-July, indoor water temperature 27 ~ 30 DEG C, draws in the net to separate the cultivation carrying out fingerling then by the cutter tapertail anchovy kind of artificial breeding from seed rearing pond.Seed draws in the net 1-2 days before point pond, carry out drawing in the net to take exercise, with the soft bolting silk net of 80 order, slowly draw in the net when drawing in the net, behind pond, bolting silk net both sides slowly to be drawn in formation net and enclose, fry is concentrated in net encloses, allow fry at less activity space endoadaptation 2-3 minute, then net encloses and decontrols flatly, allows fry freely swim out of net and encloses, so continuous exercise 2-3 time, makes fry adapt to draw in the net operation; Seed draws in the net after exercise, just can carry out a point pond to draw in the net to operate, stop eating 24 hours before point pond, then the soft bolting silk net of 60 order is adopted by the fry enclosure in seed rearing pond among a small circle, scoop in new culturing pool with basin by fry, whole process fry is not dried up, the long 2.5-3.5cm of stocking size body, average 3.0cm, breeding density is at 180-200 tail/m 2;
Cutter long-tailed anchovy fingerling indoor water mud sump high-density breeding management then point three phases: cultivation prophase management, cultivation middle term management and aquaculture management.
Cultivation prophase management: for area, Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces, generally annual mid-July-by the end of August, indoor water temperature is higher 26 ~ 31 DEG C, and fry is less, and average body length is at 3.0-7.0cm, period, bait was mainly the natural living body bait in freshwater aquiculture pond, as: cladocera, copepoda etc., bait adopts 80 mesh sieve tulles to fish for, and filters out impurity and harmful organisms by 20 object mesh sheet, throw something and feed every day 2 times, when throwing something and feeding with second time, have a small amount of surplus material to be as the criterion; Inhale the end 1 time every day, change weekly water 2 times, change water 2/3 at every turn, with the local fresh water of hydromining through 24 hours precipitations and the filtration of 150 mesh sieve tulles, every 25 days, move pond 1 time;
Cultivation middle term management: for area, Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces, general in annual September, indoor water temperature 23 ~ 26 DEG C, long more than the 7cm of fingerling average body, the cladocera of fresh water living bait mainly large gauge, copepoda and the aquatic insect young etc., brackish water living bait mainly copepoda, the Exopalaemon carinicauda young and small dimension oppossum shrimp etc., bait all adopts 60 mesh sieve tulles to fish for, 20 object mesh sheet filter out impurity and harmful organisms, throw something and feed every day 2 times, a small amount of surplus material is had to be as the criterion when throwing something and feeding with second time, early September, fresh water bait was main, brackish water bait is auxiliary, the middle ten days two kinds of living baits half and half, the last ten-days period, brackish water bait was main, fresh water bait is auxiliary, inhale the end 1 time every day, change weekly water 2 times, each 2/3, progressively rise salinity when mid-September changes water at every turn, rise salinity 2-3 ‰ at every turn, remain on 8-10 ‰ to salinity at the end of month, with hydromining with through 24 hours precipitations and the filtration of 150 mesh sieve tulles, cultivation grows with fingerling mid-term, needs and time-division pond, moves point pond general mid-September 1 time, fingerling cultivation density is reduced to 120-150 tail/m 2, move point pond draw in the net operate with reference to seed put in a suitable place to breed time operation,
Cultivation final-period management: general in the annual 10-12 month, now indoor water temperature less than 24 DEG C, long more than the 8cm of fingerling average body, period, bait was mainly the natural living body bait in seawater aquaculturing pond, as: large gauge oppossum shrimp, the Exopalaemon carinicauda young and young shrimp etc., bait adopts 60 mesh sieve tulles to fish for, and throws something and feeds every day 2 times, has a small amount of surplus material to be as the criterion when throwing something and feeding with second time; Soil pick-up 1 time every other day, changes weekly water 2 times, each 2/3, and with the hydromining Hekou District brackish water filtered through 24 hours precipitations and 150 mesh sieve tulles, salinity is 8-10, every 40 days, moves pond 1 time;
Results: draw in the net to catch generally in December, indoor water temperature is within the scope of 8-12 DEG C; When catching, cutter tapertail anchovy kind specification is body weight 2.0-3.0g/ tail, body is long is 9-11cm, and cultivation survival rate is 75-85%.
Pass through the method, Shanghai Aquatic Product Institute Fengxian base 2013-2015 has carried out the indoor water of the fingerling then mud sump high-density breeding of cutter long-tailed anchovy artificial breeding, accumulative acquisition large size fingerling 10.6 ten thousand tail, average survival 83.5%:2013 indoor water mud sump puts 3.7 ten thousand tails altogether in a suitable place to breed, amount to acquisition 2.6 ten thousand tail large size fingerling, overall survival rate is 78.8%; 2014, indoor water mud sump put 60,000 tails altogether in a suitable place to breed, obtained 5.3 ten thousand tails, and average survival rate is 88.3%; 2015, indoor water mud sump amounted to cultivation 30,000 tail, and by the end of October, the long 9-10cm of fingerling average body, quantity is 2.7 ten thousand tails, and survival rate is 90% in cut-off.

Claims (1)

1. the indoor water of the fingerling then mud sump high-density breeding method of a cutter long-tailed anchovy artificial breeding, form by putting front preparation, fingerling stocking, cultivation prophase management, cultivation middle term management, cultivation final-period management and results in a suitable place to breed, it is characterized in that adopting rectangle cement culturing pool, culturing pool water level is 90 ~ 120cm, adopt at the bottom of light blue cement paint application culturing pool pool wall and pond, keep smooth surface, then use freshwater soaking culturing pool 1-2 week, within 3 ~ 5 days before putting in a suitable place to breed, soak 24h with 20ppm calcium hypochlorite solution, calcium hypochlorite available chlorine content, more than 65%, is rinsed well afterwards, and 1 ~ 2 day, dry pond is soaked with clear water, inflated, until remain without available chlorine, put first 1 day in a suitable place to breed, culturing pool is intake, with the hydromining local fresh water filtered through 24 hours precipitations and 150 mesh sieve tulles, with fan blower and No. 30 diamond dust gas exhausting stone continuous charge oxygenation, gas stone density is 0.5/m 2, tolerance presents wavy, Summer Indoor water temperature 27 ~ 30 DEG C, draws in the net to separate the cultivation carrying out fingerling then by the cutter tapertail anchovy kind of artificial breeding from seed rearing pond, seed draws in the net 1-2 days before point pond, carry out drawing in the net to take exercise, with the soft bolting silk net of 80 order, slowly draw in the net when drawing in the net, behind pond, bolting silk net both sides slowly to be drawn in formation net and enclose, fry is concentrated in net encloses, allow fry at less activity space endoadaptation 2-3 minute, then net encloses and decontrols flatly, allows fry freely swim out of net and encloses, so continuous exercise 2-3 time, makes fry adapt to draw in the net operation, seed draws in the net after exercise, carry out a point pond to draw in the net to operate, stop eating 24 hours before point pond, then the soft bolting silk net of 60 order is adopted by the fry enclosure in seed rearing pond among a small circle, scooped in the culturing pool of preparation by fry with basin, whole process fry is not dried up, the long 2.5-3.5cm of stocking size body, average 3.0cm, breeding density is at 180-200 tail/m 2, aquaculture management divides three phases: cultivation prophase management, cultivation middle term management and cultivation final-period management: cultivation prophase management fry is less, average body length is at 3.0-7.0cm, period, bait was the natural living body bait in freshwater aquiculture pond, as: wheel animalcule, cladocera, copepoda, bait adopts 80 mesh sieve tulles to fish for, filter out impurity and harmful organisms by 20 object mesh sheet, throw something and feed every day 2 times, when throwing something and feeding with second time, have a small amount of surplus material to be as the criterion, inhale the end 1 time every day, change weekly water 2 times, change water 2/3 at every turn, with the local fresh water of hydromining through 24 hours precipitations and the filtration of 150 mesh sieve tulles, every 25-30 days, move pond 1 time, cultivation middle term management is the transitional period in former and later two cultivation stages, the long 7.0-8.0cm of fingerling average body, period, bait changed to the large individual living bait of brackish water gradually by fresh water living bait, the cladocera of fresh water living bait mainly large gauge, copepoda and the aquatic insect young, brackish water living bait mainly copepoda, the Exopalaemon carinicauda young and small dimension oppossum shrimp, bait all adopts 60 mesh sieve tulles to fish for, 20 object mesh sheet filter out impurity and harmful organisms, throw something and feed every day 2 times, a small amount of surplus material is had to be as the criterion when throwing something and feeding with second time, first fresh water bait is main, brackish water bait is auxiliary, two kinds of living baits half and half again, last brackish water bait is main, fresh water bait is auxiliary, inhale the end 1 time every day, change weekly water 2 times, change water 2/3 at every turn, when changing water, progressively rise salinity at every turn, rise salinity 2-3 ‰ at every turn, remain on 8-10 to salinity, with hydromining with through 24 hours precipitations and the filtration of 150 mesh sieve tulles, cultivation grows with fingerling mid-term, needs and time-division pond, fingerling cultivation density is reduced to 120-150 tail/m 2, move point pond draw in the net operate with reference to seed put in a suitable place to breed time operation, cultivation final-period management, long more than the 8cm of fingerling average body, period bait be mainly the natural living body bait in seawater aquaculturing pond, as: large gauge oppossum shrimp, the Exopalaemon carinicauda young and young shrimp, bait adopts 60 mesh sieve tulles to fish for, and throws something and feeds every day 2 times, has a small amount of surplus material to be as the criterion when throwing something and feeding with second time, soil pick-up 1 time every other day, changes weekly water 2 times, changes water 2/3 at every turn, and with the hydromining Hekou District brackish water filtered through 24 hours precipitations and 150 mesh sieve tulles, salinity is 8-10, every 30-40 days, moves pond 1 time, draw in the net results generally in December, and indoor water temperature is within the scope of 8-12 DEG C, and cutter tapertail anchovy kind specification is body weight 2.0-3.0g/ tail, body is long is 9-11cm.
CN201510788531.6A 2015-11-17 2015-11-17 A kind of fingerling then indoor water mud sump high-density breeding method of knife long-tailed anchovy artificial breeding Active CN105393958B (en)

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