CN103960174B - Coilia ectenes in Yangtze River young fish of two years, fingerlings of two years and Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) pond polyculture method - Google Patents

Coilia ectenes in Yangtze River young fish of two years, fingerlings of two years and Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) pond polyculture method Download PDF

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CN103960174B
CN103960174B CN201310033568.9A CN201310033568A CN103960174B CN 103960174 B CN103960174 B CN 103960174B CN 201310033568 A CN201310033568 A CN 201310033568A CN 103960174 B CN103960174 B CN 103960174B
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water
month
linnaeus
tail
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CN103960174A (en
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施永海
陆根海
张根玉
张海明
刘建忠
谢永德
徐嘉波
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SHANGHAI AQUATIC PRODUCT TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION STATION
Shanghai Fisheries Research Institute
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Shanghai Fisheries Research Institute
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

Coilia ectenes in Yangtze River young fish of two years, fingerlings of two years and Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) pond polyculture method, it is characterized in that selecting pond, Hekou Area, the natural brackish water of water inlet salinity 5-15 ‰, food organisms are inoculated in pond, winter or the early spring put seedling, Coilia ectenes in Yangtze River young fish of two years, fingerlings of two years stocking size is total length 10-12cm, breeding density 500-600 tail/mu; Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) is put in a suitable place to breed by the end of April at the beginning of-5 months, breeding density 150-250 tail/mu, stocking size 20-30g/ tail; Monthly change water 1/3,7-9 month every two weeks 1-6 month to change water 1/3,10-12 month and monthly change water 1/3; Food organisms density will supplement biological feed in time lower than 1/L; During cultivation, supplement artificial grain's feed as Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus), oppossum shrimp and crustacean feed, every day 1 time, each 1-2 pound/acre; Draw in the net to be captured in early winter, when catching, cutter long-tailed anchovy specification at 16-20g/ tail, Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus), specification 110-130g/ tail.

Description

Coilia ectenes in Yangtze River young fish of two years, fingerlings of two years and Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) pond polyculture method
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquaculture, especially Coilia ectenes in Yangtze River young fish of two years, fingerlings of two years and Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) ecological pond culture technology.
Background technology
Cutter long-tailed anchovy ( coiliaectenes), belong to Clupeiformes, Anchovy section, long-tailed anchovy genus, be commonly called as hairtail, rough cutter fish, Mao Huayu, beard fish, tapertail anchovy.Mainly be distributed in the yellow Bohai Sea of China and the East Sea one band, all maritime rivers such as the Liaohe River, Haihe River, the Yellow River, the Changjiang river, the Qiantang River all can be seen, and it is with fine and tender taste, delicious flavour and famous, are the famous and precious migration fishes of enjoying one of " the Changjiang river three delicacies " good reputation.In recent years, due to the impact of the factors such as overfishing and the deterioration of the ecological environment, cutter long-tailed anchovy resource sharply fails, and the market demand is growing on and on, even arrived the awkward situation had price but no buyers, the clear and bright front and back of 2012, the cutter long-tailed anchovy market price of about three liang specifications is up to 9000 yuan/jin.
At present, the cultivation of Coilia ectenes in Yangtze River adopts mostly fills with Jiang Namiao, the extensive pond culture pattern of low-density, but this cultural technique does not also have full maturity: as, because cultivation density is too low, feed of not throwing something and feeding in a large number, cutter long-tailed anchovy pond water quality is limpid, transparency is very high, there will be a large amount of large-scale thread algae: be mostly water silk floss in freshwater, mostly be Enteromorpha in sea pond in such cutter long-tailed anchovy pond; Thread algae continues outburst and forms pond wawter bloom, and the nutrient component of water body is absorbed totally simultaneously, and the mortality after peak period appears again in thread algae, thus causes water quality to ruin; In addition because the cutter long-tailed anchovy bodily form is elongated, cutter tapertail anchovy kind is strayed in thread algae group and is difficult to get away and cause death.
Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) ( scatophagusarguslinnaeus1766) be commonly called as gold drum fish, be subordinate to Perciformes Anabantoidei money Gyrinocheilidae, Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) belongs to, and its bodily form is graceful, colorful, disposition is docile, delicious meat, is a kind ofly view and admire the famous and precious marine fish higher with edibility.Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) environmental suitability and disease-resistant resistance extremely strong, can not only grow in seawater and salt-fresh water, and cultivate in suitable fresh water.At present, more than 200g specification price is at 35 yuan/jin, and more than 800g is also stabilized in more than 45 yuan/jin.Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) is ominivore-fish, has the title of " cleaner ", and no matter it can be ingested is Enteromorpha in the continuous or seawater of water in fresh water, and food ration is very large, and this piscinity feelings docility can not attack other fish simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of Coilia ectenes in Yangtze River young fish of two years, fingerlings of two years and Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) ecological pond culture technology.
Technical scheme of the present invention is prepared by pond, send out the pool and inoculation food organisms, fingerling stocking, oppossum shrimp inoculates, Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) is put in a suitable place to breed, daily management and catch production stage composition, it is characterized in that at the bottom of selection pond smooth, Chi Shen is 2m, water level is 1.5m, area is the pond, Hekou Area of 3-5 mu, each pond is equipped with the aerator of a 1.5kw, the double-deck 60 mesh sieve tulle bag filtrations of water inlet muzzle, discharge outlet 30 order lock nets, face, nearly pond 20 order arc purse seines prevent fry escape, with 300-400 pound/acre of quicklime water, splashed sterilization in pond, until pond disinfection after 2 days, intake to flooding at the bottom of pond and soak, soak thoroughly to drain after 48 hours tan by the sun stand-by, according to putting the fingerling time in a suitable place to breed, water inlet in 15-20 days in advance, water inlet adopts local salinity to be the natural brackish water of 5-15 ‰, first to intake 50cm, then water is progressively added until water level reaches 1-1.5m according to water colour situation and diet biomass etc., after 15-20 days, water colour thickens, and at this moment just there will be the food organisms such as a small amount of wheel animalcule, small-sized cladocera and copepoda in water body, or inoculates by fishing in the more rich pond of other food organisms, because cutter tapertail anchovy kind is had a fiery temperament, draw in the net transport operation and very easily cause mechanical damage, in the winter time or the early spring water temperature relatively low, water temperature is within the scope of 6-8 DEG C, fingerling mobility is relatively weak, it is now the Best Times putting seedling operation, fair weather is selected to put seedling at the weather in pond, under fingerling before the pool, open aerator to be in advance evenly distributed to make the not stratified and food organisms of Chi Shui, adopt the bucket transport fingerling of 20L, every barrel contains 30-50 tail fingerling, when putting in a suitable place to breed, first bucket is toppled over and repeatedly slowly pour into Chi Shui on a small quantity, stablize 1-2 minute, make the water temperature in bucket, close in salinity etc. and pond, then put in a suitable place to breed, the specification of putting in a suitable place to breed is total length 10-12cm, and breeding density is generally 500-600 tail/mu, in 3-4 month, water temperature rises, the prey ability of cutter tapertail anchovy kind strengthens, food ration is showed increased also, diet biomass in pond is ingested because of fingerling and is also reduced gradually, at this moment need to inoculate oppossum shrimp, oppossum shrimp and the young thereof are the good bait of cutter long-tailed anchovy large size fingerling, inoculation method is: in the external source pond of oppossum shrimp resource, fish for oppossum shrimp with 30-40 object mesh bag, when fishing for, in mesh bag, the quantity of oppossum shrimp can not be too many at every turn, in order to avoid oppossum shrimp hypoxia death, adopt and repeatedly fish for and inoculate on a small quantity, during inoculation, aerator is opened in advance in rearing pond, dissolved oxygen content in water body in raising pond, guarantee the survival of inoculation oppossum shrimp, Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) is put in a suitable place to breed and is typically chosen in by the end of April at the beginning of-5 months, water temperature more than 18 DEG C, and breeding density is 150-250 tail/mu, and stocking size is 20-30g/ tail, before Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) is put in a suitable place to breed, opens aerator and improves dissolved oxygen in water body, after putting seedling, during 1-3 month, aerator fine day to be started shooting 1h noon, and start shooting evening 3-4h, 4-6 month fine day to be started shooting 1h noon, and start shooting evening 4-6h, 7-9 to start shooting 8-10h evening in month, 10-12 month fine day to be started shooting 1h noon, and start shooting evening 4-6h, and bad weather then increases the available machine time, changed every 1 month in 1-6 month and water 1/3,7-9 month change water 1/3,10-12 month every two weeks and changed water 1/3 every 1 month, every 7-10 days detection pond food organisms density 1 time, if find, food organisms density is lower than 1/L, will drag for and supplement in time into biological feed from external source pond, during cultivation, supplement a small amount of artificial grain's feed as Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus), oppossum shrimp and other crustacean feeds, every day 1 time, each 1-2 pound/acre, because cutter tapertail anchovy kind is had a fiery temperament, catch net results generally in early winter, water temperature is within the scope of 9-12 DEG C, when catching, cutter long-tailed anchovy specification is at 16-20g/ tail, and survival rate is at 80-90%, Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus), specification 110-130g/ tail, survival rate is 90-95%.
The present invention relative to the outstanding feature of the extensive aquaculture model in existing cutter long-tailed anchovy pond is: the outburst 1) alleviating the thread algae in pond, improves pond water quality; 2) cutter tapertail anchovy kind is decreased because being strayed into the death caused in thread algae group; 3) take full advantage of space, pond, excavated pond productive potential, improve the usage factor of pond waters, expanded water body production capacity, when not increasing input, adding the output in pond, improve economic benefit.The present invention is easy and simple to handle, is easy to be accepted and promote.
Embodiment
Production technology of the present invention comprises the steps:
Pond prepares: select Hekou Area Tu Chi smooth at the bottom of pond, pond is good with the dark 2m in pond, water level 1.5m, area 3-5 mu, each pond is equipped with the aerator of a 1.5kw, the double-deck 60 mesh sieve tulle bag filtrations of water inlet muzzle, discharge outlet 30 order lock nets, face, nearly pond 20 order arc purse seines prevent fry escape, with 300-400 pound/acre of quicklime water, splashed sterilization in pond, until pond disinfection after 2 days, intake to flooding at the bottom of pond and soak, soak thoroughly to drain after 48 hours tan by the sun stand-by;
Send out the pool and inoculation food organisms: according to putting the fingerling time in a suitable place to breed, water inlet in 15-20 days in advance, water inlet adopts local salinity to be the natural brackish water of 5-15 ‰, first to intake 50cm, then progressively add water until water level reaches 1-1.5m according to water colour situation and diet biomass etc., after 15-20 days, water colour thickens, and at this moment just there will be the food organisms such as a small amount of wheel animalcule, small-sized cladocera and copepoda in water body, if it's not true, inoculate by fishing in the more rich pond of other food organisms;
Fingerling stocking: because cutter tapertail anchovy kind is had a fiery temperament, draw in the net transport operation and very easily cause mechanical damage, in the winter time or the early spring water temperature relatively low, water temperature is within the scope of 6-8 DEG C, fingerling mobility is relatively weak, it is now the Best Times putting seedling operation, fair weather is selected to put seedling at the weather in pond, under fingerling before the pool, open aerator to be in advance evenly distributed to make the not stratified and food organisms of Chi Shui, adopt the bucket transport fingerling of 20L, every barrel contains 30-50 tail fingerling, when putting in a suitable place to breed, first bucket is toppled over and slowly pour into Chi Shui (on a small quantity repeatedly), stablize 1-2 minute, make the water temperature in bucket, close in salinity etc. and pond, then put in a suitable place to breed, the specification of putting in a suitable place to breed is total length 10-12cm, and breeding density is generally 500-600 tail/mu,
Oppossum shrimp inoculates: general in 3-4 month, water temperature rises, the prey ability of cutter tapertail anchovy kind strengthens, food ration is showed increased also, diet biomass in pond is ingested because of fingerling and is also reduced gradually, at this moment need to inoculate oppossum shrimp, oppossum shrimp and the young thereof are the good bait of cutter long-tailed anchovy large size fingerling, inoculation method is: in the external source pond of oppossum shrimp resource, fish for oppossum shrimp with 30-40 object mesh bag, when fishing for, in mesh bag, the quantity of oppossum shrimp can not be too many at every turn, in order to avoid oppossum shrimp hypoxia death, adopt and repeatedly fish for and inoculate on a small quantity, during inoculation, aerator is opened in advance in rearing pond, dissolved oxygen content in water body in raising pond, guarantee the survival of inoculation oppossum shrimp.
Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) is put in a suitable place to breed: be typically chosen in by the end of April at the beginning of-5 months, water temperature more than 18 DEG C, and breeding density is 150-250 tail/mu, and stocking size is 20-30g/ tail, before Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) is put in a suitable place to breed, opens aerator and improves dissolved oxygen in water body.
Daily management: after putting seedling, during 1-3 month, aerator fine day to be started shooting 1h noon, and start shooting evening 3-4h, 4-6 month fine day to be started shooting 1h noon, and start shooting evening 4-6h, 7-9 to start shooting 8-10h evening in month, 10-12 month fine day to be started shooting 1h noon, and start shooting evening 4-6h, and bad weather then increases the available machine time; Changed every 1 month in 1-6 month and water 1/3,7-9 month change water 1/3,10-12 month every two weeks and changed water 1/3 every 1 month; Every 7-10 days detection pond food organisms density 1 time, if find, food organisms density is lower than 1/L, will drag for and supplement in time into biological feed from external source pond; During cultivation, supplement a small amount of artificial grain's feed as Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus), oppossum shrimp and other crustacean feeds, every day 1 time, each 1-2 pound/acre.
Catch: because cutter tapertail anchovy kind is had a fiery temperament, draw in the net to catch generally in early winter, water temperature is within the scope of 9-12 DEG C; When catching, cutter long-tailed anchovy specification is at 16-20g/ tail, and survival rate is at 80-90%; Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus), specification 110-130g/ tail, survival rate is 90-95%.

Claims (1)

1. Coilia ectenes in Yangtze River young fish of two years, fingerlings of two years and Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) pond polyculture method, the present invention is prepared by pond, send out the pool and inoculation food organisms, fingerling stocking, oppossum shrimp inoculates, Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) is put in a suitable place to breed, daily management and catch production stage composition, it is characterized in that at the bottom of selection pond smooth, Chi Shen is 2m, water level is 1.5m, area is the pond, Hekou Area of 3-5 mu, each pond is equipped with the aerator of a 1.5kw, the double-deck 60 mesh sieve tulle bag filtrations of water inlet muzzle, discharge outlet 30 order lock nets, face, nearly pond 20 order arc purse seines prevent fry escape, with 300-400 pound/acre of quicklime water, splashed sterilization in pond, until pond disinfection after 2 days, intake to flooding at the bottom of pond and soak, soak thoroughly to drain after 48 hours tan by the sun stand-by, according to putting the fingerling time in a suitable place to breed, water inlet in 15-20 days in advance, water inlet adopts local salinity to be the natural brackish water of 5-15 ‰, first to intake 50cm, then according to water colour situation with diet biomass progressively adds water until water level reaches 1-1.5m, after 15-20 days, water colour thickens, and at this moment just there will be a small amount of wheel animalcule, small-sized cladocera and copepoda food organisms in water body, or inoculates by fishing in the more rich pond of other food organisms, because cutter tapertail anchovy kind is had a fiery temperament, draw in the net transport operation and very easily cause mechanical damage, in the winter time or the early spring water temperature relatively low, water temperature is within the scope of 6-8 DEG C, fingerling mobility is relatively weak, it is now the Best Times putting seedling operation, fair weather is selected to put seedling at the weather in pond, under fingerling before the pool, open aerator to be in advance evenly distributed to make the not stratified and food organisms of Chi Shui, adopt the bucket transport fingerling of 20L, every barrel contains 30-50 tail fingerling, when putting in a suitable place to breed, first bucket is toppled over and repeatedly slowly pour into Chi Shui on a small quantity, stablize 1-2 minute, make the water temperature in bucket, close in salinity and pond, then put in a suitable place to breed, the specification of putting in a suitable place to breed is total length 10-12cm, and breeding density is generally 500-600 tail/mu, in 3-4 month, water temperature rises, the prey ability of cutter tapertail anchovy kind strengthens, food ration is showed increased also, diet biomass in pond is ingested because of fingerling and is also reduced gradually, at this moment need to inoculate oppossum shrimp, oppossum shrimp and the young thereof are the good bait of cutter long-tailed anchovy large size fingerling, inoculation method is: in the external source pond of oppossum shrimp resource, fish for oppossum shrimp with 30-40 object mesh bag, when fishing for, in mesh bag, the quantity of oppossum shrimp can not be too many at every turn, in order to avoid oppossum shrimp hypoxia death, adopt and repeatedly fish for and inoculate on a small quantity, during inoculation, aerator is opened in advance in rearing pond, dissolved oxygen content in water body in raising pond, guarantee the survival of inoculation oppossum shrimp, Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) is put in a suitable place to breed and is typically chosen in by the end of April at the beginning of-5 months, water temperature more than 18 DEG C, and breeding density is 150-250 tail/mu, and stocking size is 20-30g/ tail, before Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) is put in a suitable place to breed, opens aerator and improves dissolved oxygen in water body, after putting seedling, during 1-3 month, aerator fine day to be started shooting 1h noon, and start shooting evening 3-4h, 4-6 month fine day to be started shooting 1h noon, and start shooting evening 4-6h, 7-9 to start shooting 8-10h evening in month, 10-12 month fine day to be started shooting 1h noon, and start shooting evening 4-6h, and bad weather then increases the available machine time, changed every 1 month in 1-6 month and water 1/3,7-9 month change water 1/3,10-12 month every two weeks and changed water 1/3 every 1 month, every 7-10 days detection pond food organisms density 1 time, if find, food organisms density is lower than 1/L, will drag for and supplement in time into biological feed from external source pond, during cultivation, supplement a small amount of artificial grain's feed as Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus), oppossum shrimp and other crustacean feeds, every day 1 time, each 1-2 pound/acre, because cutter tapertail anchovy kind is had a fiery temperament, draw in the net results generally in early winter, water temperature is within the scope of 9-12 DEG C, when catching, cutter long-tailed anchovy specification is at 16-20g/ tail, Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) specification 110-130g/ tail.
CN201310033568.9A 2013-01-29 2013-01-29 Coilia ectenes in Yangtze River young fish of two years, fingerlings of two years and Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) pond polyculture method Active CN103960174B (en)

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CN105532522A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-05-04 广东海洋大学 Method for controlling prawn hepatopancreas necrosis by polyculture of scatophagus argus and marsupenaeus japonicas
CN106538430B (en) * 2016-12-07 2019-09-20 上海市水产研究所 A kind of continental rise greenhouse cement pit polyculture method of Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) and Macrobrachium rosenbergii
CN107711621B (en) * 2017-11-07 2019-12-24 华南师范大学 Breeding method of scatophagus argus
CN108834947B (en) * 2018-06-06 2020-07-17 上海市水产研究所 Polyculture method of saury, river crab and freshwater shrimp
CN110074019B (en) * 2019-05-06 2021-08-20 上海市水产研究所(上海市水产技术推广站) Stereo ecological breeding method for takifugu obscurus, coilia ectenes and soft-shelled turtles
CN111838026A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-10-30 广东省农业科学院动物科学研究所 Domestication and operation method for preventing and controlling parasitic disease of east starfish leech by utilizing scatophagus argus

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