CN105379653A - High-yield pond bream culture method - Google Patents

High-yield pond bream culture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105379653A
CN105379653A CN201510839678.3A CN201510839678A CN105379653A CN 105379653 A CN105379653 A CN 105379653A CN 201510839678 A CN201510839678 A CN 201510839678A CN 105379653 A CN105379653 A CN 105379653A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pond
throwing
something
day
bait
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Application number
CN201510839678.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈建明
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SUZHOU YANGCHENGHU MODERN AGRICULTURE INDUSTRIAL PARK SPECIAL AQUACULTURE Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SUZHOU YANGCHENGHU MODERN AGRICULTURE INDUSTRIAL PARK SPECIAL AQUACULTURE Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510839678.3A priority Critical patent/CN105379653A/en
Publication of CN105379653A publication Critical patent/CN105379653A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-yield pond bream culture method. The high-yield pond bream culture method comprises the steps of 1, pond preparation, 2, fish fingerling stocking, 3, feeding and 4, daily management. The high-yield pond bream culture method has the advantages of being high in yield, low in risk, high in benefit and the like.

Description

The pond bream cultural method that output is large
Technical field
The present invention relates to the pond bream cultural method that a kind of output is large.
Background technology
Bream height, flat-sided, entirety assumes diamond in shape, and body is about 50 centimetres, is 2.2-2.8 times of height.Body back cinerous, both sides silver gray, belly silvery white; Side scale base portion canescence, edge grey black, forms greyish white alternate striped.Side is flat and high, assumes diamond in shape.Head is less, and head back part sharply swells.Supra-orbital is little and thin, triangular in shape.Young, anteposition, the wide arc of schistostoma.Upper lower jaw cutin is undeveloped.Dorsal fin tool stings firmly, and thorn is shorter than long; Pectoral fin is shorter, reaches or only reaches abdomeinal fin base portion, and milter first pectoral fin bar is plump, and slightly undulate bends; Anal fin base portion is long, tool 27-32 pieces of branch fin rays.Abdomen rib is complete, and caudal peduncle is short and high.Fish glue 3 Room, middle room is maximum, and rear room is little.
Bream head back part sharply swells.Back cinerous, both sides silver gray, whole side is row atropurpureus striped, belly silvery white.On be stamped hard cutin, but easily to come off.Eye position, side, to kiss end distance comparatively to the distance of gill cover trailing edge be near.Hypopharynx tooth 3 row.Gill raker 17-22, majority is 18-21.Lateral line scales 50-60.Dorsal fin spine 3,7, starting point is comparatively little to the distance of tail fin base portion to the distance of kiss end, has powerful and smooth hard thorn; Dorsal fin highly significant is greater than long.Pectoral fin has just reached the base portion of abdomeinal fin.Abdomeinal fin only extends anus, has significant abdomen rib between abdomeinal fin base portion to anus.Stern fin ray 3,24-32, majority is 26-28; Without hard thorn, starting point is below the vertical line of dorsal fin basal end.Tail fin bifurcated is dark, and inferior lobe comparatively goes up Ye Weichang.Body is cinerous, and the back side of head and the back of body are comparatively dark, and side grey is with light green color pool, and belly white, each fin is all in grey black.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide that to have volume increase many, the pond bream cultural method that risk is low and a kind of output that is benefit advantages of higher is large.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: the pond bream cultural method that a kind of output is large, and the step of the pond bream cultural method that described output is large comprises:
(1) pond prepares: cultivating pond should near water source, water quality is pure and fresh, convenient traffic, electric power is supporting, and surrounding enviroment are quiet, without high-lager building, without industry, agricultural and domestic pollution, cultivating pond is transmeridional rectangle, and area is advisable with 3-5 mu, the wide reality in the ridge, pond, slope is than being 1:3, the depth of water is 1.5-2.0 rice, and at the bottom of pond, substantially flat is non-leakage, and soil property is good with loam, Chi Zhongying has independently drainage canal, to prevent cause of disease to report to the leadship after accomplishing a task infection, and according to cultivation actual needs, be equipped with the electromechanical equipments such as the oxygenation of suitable power, irrigation and drainage, bait throwing in;
(2) fingerling stocking: under fry before pond about first quarter moon, by fishpond thorough disinfection, and use sufficient base manure, execute pig for every mu, cow dung is urinated, the 300-400 kilogram such as human excrement, put fry 10-15 ten thousand tail for every mu, under pond fry after applying fertilizer one week, microzooplankton (wheel animalcule and cladocera) just can be had in the pool, and should notice in water body, whether natural bait enriches, as water quality is infertile, fertilizer should be added, to throw something and feed soya-bean milk simultaneously, just can go out pond when growing to 1.5-2 centimetre through 15-20 days divides foster, 4-5 ten thousand tail can be put in a suitable place to breed for every mu when dividing foster, at this moment still based on fertilising, the next day throw something and feed soya-bean cake slurry, and hello little duckweed can be added, through about one month, carrying out trawlnet again when forming the long 4-5 centimetre of body divides foster, every mu of breeding density 6000-8000 tail, at this moment throw something and feed little duckweed and soya-bean cake slurry, later stage can feed fresh drought grass, duckweed etc., 10-13 centimetre can be reached to body length in winter,
(3) feedstuff feeding: pellet of throwing something and feeding is main, but for meeting the growth demand of bream kind, appropriate dark green bait of also should arranging in pairs or groups, cultivate early stage, the pellet that protein content of throwing something and feeding is about 30%, particle diameter is 0.3-0.5 millimeter, throws something and feeds 2 day, and the throwing rate of raising is 3%-4%; Cultivate mid-term, the pellet that protein content of throwing something and feeding is 26%-28%, particle diameter is 0.8-1.0 millimeter, day throws something and feeds 3-4 time, and the throwing rate of raising is 4%-5%; Cultivate the later stage, the pellet that protein content of throwing something and feeding is 23%-25%, particle diameter is 1.5 millimeters, day throws something and feeds 2 times, the throwing rate of raising is about 3%, the concrete throwing amount of raising of pellet should be controlled flexibly according to the growing state of season, weather, water quality, water temperature and fingerling, the mu injected volume cultivating dark green bait in early stage is 10 kilograms, and the intermediary and later stages are 20-30 kilogram, grasp and are advisable to eat up the same day;
(4) daily management: every morning all will check, clean feed table, in case surplus bait rots to ruin water quality.Simultaneously according to the daily ration, feeding quantity remaining bait situation the previous day and determine the same day, all want that duty patrols pond, diligent observation growing state, duty drag for weeds dirt, duty keeps a record every day.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described dark green bait comprises duckweed, the fresh vegetables leaf of chopping and fresh and tender herbage.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described pellet comprises protein, fat, vitamin and mineral matter.
The pond bream cultural method that a kind of output of the present invention is large, has volume increase many, the low and benefit advantages of higher of risk.
Embodiment
Be described in detail below in conjunction with to preferred embodiment of the present invention, can be easier to make advantages and features of the invention be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, thus more explicit defining is made to protection scope of the present invention.
In one embodiment, the pond bream cultural method that a kind of output is large, the step of the pond bream cultural method that described output is large comprises:
(1) pond prepares: cultivating pond should near water source, water quality is pure and fresh, convenient traffic, electric power is supporting, and surrounding enviroment are quiet, without high-lager building, without industry, agricultural and domestic pollution, cultivating pond is transmeridional rectangle, and area is advisable with 3-5 mu, the wide reality in the ridge, pond, slope is than being 1:3, the depth of water is 1.5-2.0 rice, and at the bottom of pond, substantially flat is non-leakage, and soil property is good with loam, Chi Zhongying has independently drainage canal, to prevent cause of disease to report to the leadship after accomplishing a task infection, and according to cultivation actual needs, be equipped with the electromechanical equipments such as the oxygenation of suitable power, irrigation and drainage, bait throwing in;
(2) fingerling stocking: under fry before pond about first quarter moon, by fishpond thorough disinfection, and use sufficient base manure, execute pig for every mu, cow dung is urinated, the 300-400 kilogram such as human excrement, put fry 10-15 ten thousand tail for every mu, under pond fry after applying fertilizer one week, microzooplankton (wheel animalcule and cladocera) just can be had in the pool, and should notice in water body, whether natural bait enriches, as water quality is infertile, fertilizer should be added, to throw something and feed soya-bean milk simultaneously, just can go out pond when growing to 1.5-2 centimetre through 15-20 days divides foster, 4-5 ten thousand tail can be put in a suitable place to breed for every mu when dividing foster, at this moment still based on fertilising, the next day throw something and feed soya-bean cake slurry, and hello little duckweed can be added, through about one month, carrying out trawlnet again when forming the long 4-5 centimetre of body divides foster, every mu of breeding density 6000-8000 tail, at this moment throw something and feed little duckweed and soya-bean cake slurry, later stage can feed fresh drought grass, duckweed etc., 10-13 centimetre can be reached to body length in winter,
(3) feedstuff feeding: pellet of throwing something and feeding is main, but for meeting the growth demand of bream kind, appropriate dark green bait of also should arranging in pairs or groups, cultivate early stage, the pellet that protein content of throwing something and feeding is about 30%, particle diameter is 0.3-0.5 millimeter, throws something and feeds 2 day, and the throwing rate of raising is 3%-4%; Cultivate mid-term, the pellet that protein content of throwing something and feeding is 26%-28%, particle diameter is 0.8-1.0 millimeter, day throws something and feeds 3-4 time, and the throwing rate of raising is 4%-5%; Cultivate the later stage, the pellet that protein content of throwing something and feeding is 23%-25%, particle diameter is 1.5 millimeters, day throws something and feeds 2 times, the throwing rate of raising is about 3%, the concrete throwing amount of raising of pellet should be controlled flexibly according to the growing state of season, weather, water quality, water temperature and fingerling, the mu injected volume cultivating dark green bait in early stage is 10 kilograms, and the intermediary and later stages are 20-30 kilogram, grasp and are advisable to eat up the same day;
(4) daily management: every morning all will check, clean feed table, in case surplus bait rots to ruin water quality.Simultaneously according to the daily ration, feeding quantity remaining bait situation the previous day and determine the same day, all want that duty patrols pond, diligent observation growing state, duty drag for weeds dirt, duty keeps a record every day.
Further illustrate, described dark green bait comprises duckweed, the fresh vegetables leaf of chopping and fresh and tender herbage, and described pellet comprises protein, fat, vitamin and mineral matter.
Further illustrating, preventing and curing diseases: the policy of adhering to " diseases prevention is main, and it is auxiliary for curing the disease, and anosisly first prevents, ill morning is controlled ", strictly controlling fingerling disease.One is adhere to pond sterilization clearly, summer flower sterilization, the sterilization of food field, instrument sterilization, prevents fingerling from falling ill; Two is that every first quarter moon uses 1 quicklime and bleaching powder to replace sterilization, prevents bacteriosis; Three is pharmaceutical chemistry be mixed with allicin for 1 time of monthly throwing something and feeding, and throws something and feeds day 2 times, connects and feeds 3 ~ 5 days, control enteritis disease; Four is that every bimonthly use 1 worm for fishing kills star, and every mu of meter Shui Shen consumption is 12 ~ 15 milligrams, prevents parasitosis.Once fingerling morbidity, the cause of disease should be diagnosed in time, " sitting in the right seat ", the high-efficiency low-toxicity selecting country to allow, the medicine had no side effect are treated, and in strict accordance with the regulation of medicine operation instructions, science determines lower dose, in order to avoid answer over administration and cause unnecessary loss.
Fingerling is survived the winter: when water temperature is down to below 10 DEG C, fingerling is not eaten food substantially, now can draw in the net and the pool.Fingerling is stored up by different kinds and specification counting and supports in the darker pond of water level, allow it keep domestic animals fat and survive the winter.Generally every mu of stocking size is about fingerling 40000 tail of 10 ~ 13 centimetres; Every mu of stocking size is about fingerling 30000 tail of 15 ~ 20 centimetres.Place with good conditionsi, can directly put into adult fish pond by fingerling before the end of the year, without the need to ad hoc pond of surviving the winter.The invention provides the pond bream cultural method that a kind of output is large, there is volume increase many, the low and benefit advantages of higher of risk.
The specific embodiment of the present invention; but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto; any those of ordinary skill in the art are in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, and the change can expected without creative work or replacement, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, the protection domain that protection scope of the present invention should limit with claims is as the criterion.

Claims (4)

1. the pond bream cultural method that output is large, is characterized in that: the step of the pond bream cultural method that described output is large comprises:
(1) pond prepares: cultivating pond should near water source, water quality is pure and fresh, convenient traffic, electric power is supporting, and surrounding enviroment are quiet, without high-lager building, without industry, agricultural and domestic pollution, cultivating pond is transmeridional rectangle, and area is advisable with 3-5 mu, the wide reality in the ridge, pond, slope is than being 1:3, the depth of water is 1.5-2.0 rice, and at the bottom of pond, substantially flat is non-leakage, and soil property is good with loam, Chi Zhongying has independently drainage canal, to prevent cause of disease to report to the leadship after accomplishing a task infection, and according to cultivation actual needs, be equipped with the electromechanical equipments such as the oxygenation of suitable power, irrigation and drainage, bait throwing in;
(2) fingerling stocking: under fry before pond about first quarter moon, by fishpond thorough disinfection, and use sufficient base manure, execute pig for every mu, cow dung is urinated, the 300-400 kilogram such as human excrement, put fry 10-15 ten thousand tail for every mu, under pond fry after applying fertilizer one week, microzooplankton (wheel animalcule and cladocera) just can be had in the pool, and should notice in water body, whether natural bait enriches, as water quality is infertile, fertilizer should be added, to throw something and feed soya-bean milk simultaneously, just can go out pond when growing to 1.5-2 centimetre through 15-20 days divides foster, 4-5 ten thousand tail can be put in a suitable place to breed for every mu when dividing foster, at this moment still based on fertilising, the next day throw something and feed soya-bean cake slurry, and hello little duckweed can be added, through about one month, carrying out trawlnet again when forming the long 4-5 centimetre of body divides foster, every mu of breeding density 6000-8000 tail, at this moment throw something and feed little duckweed and soya-bean cake slurry, later stage can feed fresh drought grass, duckweed etc., 10-13 centimetre can be reached to body length in winter,
(3) feedstuff feeding: pellet of throwing something and feeding is main, but for meeting the growth demand of bream kind, appropriate dark green bait of also should arranging in pairs or groups, cultivate early stage, the pellet that protein content of throwing something and feeding is about 30%, particle diameter is 0.3-0.5 millimeter, throws something and feeds 2 day, and the throwing rate of raising is 3%-4%; Cultivate mid-term, the pellet that protein content of throwing something and feeding is 26%-28%, particle diameter is 0.8-1.0 millimeter, day throws something and feeds 3-4 time, and the throwing rate of raising is 4%-5%; Cultivate the later stage, the pellet that protein content of throwing something and feeding is 23%-25%, particle diameter is 1.5 millimeters, day throws something and feeds 2 times, the throwing rate of raising is about 3%, the concrete throwing amount of raising of pellet should be controlled flexibly according to the growing state of season, weather, water quality, water temperature and fingerling, the mu injected volume cultivating dark green bait in early stage is 10 kilograms, and the intermediary and later stages are 20-30 kilogram, grasp and are advisable to eat up the same day;
(4) daily management: every morning all will check, clean feed table, in case surplus bait rots to ruin water quality.
2., simultaneously according to the daily ration, feeding quantity remaining bait situation the previous day and determine the same day, all want that duty patrols pond, diligent observation growing state, duty drag for weeds dirt, duty keeps a record every day.
3. the pond bream cultural method that output according to claim 1 is large, is characterized in that: described dark green bait comprises duckweed, the fresh vegetables leaf of chopping and fresh and tender herbage.
4. the pond bream cultural method that output according to claim 2 is large, is characterized in that: described pellet comprises protein, fat, vitamin and mineral matter.
CN201510839678.3A 2015-11-27 2015-11-27 High-yield pond bream culture method Pending CN105379653A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106172127A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-12-07 锦屏县方杰生态渔业农民专业合作社 A kind of cultural method of blunt snout bream

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106172127A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-12-07 锦屏县方杰生态渔业农民专业合作社 A kind of cultural method of blunt snout bream

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Application publication date: 20160309