CN104247687A - Large-scale adult fish farming method of 'All-male No. 1' type Pelteobagrus fulvidracos - Google Patents

Large-scale adult fish farming method of 'All-male No. 1' type Pelteobagrus fulvidracos Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104247687A
CN104247687A CN201410491840.2A CN201410491840A CN104247687A CN 104247687 A CN104247687 A CN 104247687A CN 201410491840 A CN201410491840 A CN 201410491840A CN 104247687 A CN104247687 A CN 104247687A
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pond
water
fish
feed
fingerling
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李军
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HEXIAN SHANHOU AQUACULTURE FARMS
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HEXIAN SHANHOU AQUACULTURE FARMS
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a large-scale adult fish farming method for 'All-male No. 1' type Pelteobagrus fulvidracos and relates to the technical field of adult fish farming. The large-scale adult fish farming method includes the steps of (1) selecting ponds; (2) performing pond preparations; (3) cultivating water in the ponds; (4) performing fingerling stocking; (5) feeding the fingerlings; (6) performing water quality management; (7) preventing and curing fish diseases. According to the biological characteristics of the 'All-male No. 1' type Pelteobagrus fulvidracos, the fishes are farmed in the ponds in a single species or intercropping manner, and suitable feeds are supplied to the fish in a fractional way, thus feeding habits transforming requirement of the fish is met, and growth rate and output standard of the fish are increased.

Description

A kind of yellow cartfish " complete male No. 1 " extensive adult fish culture method
Technical field:
The present invention relates to adult fish Cultivating techniques field, be specifically related to a kind of yellow cartfish " complete male No. 1 " extensive adult fish culture method.
Background technology:
Yellow cartfish is distributed widely in the rivers and lakes of China, comparatively strong to the adaptability of ecotope, is carnivorous small-sized economic fish of dwelling a kind of end in natural water body.Due to its fine and tender taste, delicious flavour, sting without between flesh, not only have higher nutritive value, and also have the medicinal function such as anti-inflammatory, analgesia, the parent deeply by consumers in general looks at.
Yellow cartfish " complete male No. 1 " is a kind of yellow cartfish new varieties of artificial research and development, in 2011 by national aquatic products original seed and the first trial of breeding validation board and review, is economized the emphasis support project being classified as marine industry technological achievement and transforming by Hubei, Jiangsu, Anhui etc.This fishing gear has that provenance is controlled, male ratio is high, cultivation strong adaptability, fast growth and efficiency of feed utilization advantages of higher, therefore cause the great interest of raisers, encourage it to research and develop the extensive adult fish culture method of yellow cartfish " complete male No. 1 ".
Summary of the invention:
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide that a kind of input cost is low, output is high, the yellow cartfish of good economy performance " complete male No. 1 " extensive adult fish culture method.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention adopts following technical scheme to realize:
A kind of yellow cartfish " complete male No. 1 " extensive adult fish culture method, comprises the steps:
(1) pond is selected: the pond that smooth at the bottom of selection area 1-10 mu, depth of water 1.5-2.0m, silt depth 10-15cm, more than dissolved oxygen amount 5mg/L, transparency 25-30cm, pond, Tang Geng slope ratio is 1:2-1:3, and every 3-5 mu configures an aerator and device for feeding fish bait;
(2) preparation of ponds: before fingerling stocking 1-2 month puts Gan Chishui, weed a garden and unnecessary mud, be exposed to the sun to turn white at the bottom of pond, stiff cracking, again 80 ~ 100kg/ mu quicklime is added water after melting and be evenly sprinkled upon in pond, stirring makes it fully mix with mud, finally injects the source of clean water after filtering;
(3) pond training water: 7-9 days after cleaning up the pond, the muck 200-500kg/ mu that full pool spilling head becomes thoroughly decomposed through fermentable such as inoculation bacillus subtilises, also can stack argy wormwood and alfalfa 200-300kg/ mu at Chi Jiao, newly-built pond should enrich organic bio-fertilizer 5-10kg/ mu;
(4) fingerling stocking: be divided into monoculture and cover to support two kinds of modes, 2.5-3.0cm summer flower 1.0-1.2 ten thousand tails/mu, 8.0-10.0cm winter sheet 0.6-0.8 ten thousand tails/mu is put in a suitable place to breed during monoculture, 2.5-3.0cm summer flower 0.1-0.3 ten thousand tails/mu, 8.0-10.0cm winter sheet 0.08-0.1 ten thousand tails/mu is put in a suitable place to breed when cover is supported, cover supports 100-120g silver carp or bighead 200-300 tail/mu, sterilizes under fingerling before the pool with povidone iodine or medicinal herb soak 10-15min;
(5) fingerling is fed: feed is based on spiral shell, small fish, chilled fish and pluck, day feeding volume is the 2%-4% of fingerling body weight, be aided with appropriate artifical compound feed, its crude protein content is 38%-42%, early, the noon, evening respectively feed once, tame to be transitioned into after manually throwing something and feeding 3-5 days and throw something and feed with feeder;
(6) water quality management: filling in every 5-7 days filters new water once, and quantity of exchanged water is 10-15cm, uses lime water full pool spilling head during water quality overfertilization, and control pH is between 7.5 ~ 8.5;
(7) fish disease prevention and cure: fish disease season occurred frequently monthly to splash sterilization 1-2 time with titanium dioxide acid, and lime water is splashed 1 time, adds the former powder of Enrofloxacin or 1.5% allicin of 0.01-0.02% in feed simultaneously, connects hello 3-5 days.
100-150kg/ mu fermentation fertilizer and 3-5kg/ mu chemical fertilizer (N/P ratio is 9:1) is imposed according to water quality situation, or alone 10-15kg/ mu chemical fertilizer (N/P ratio is 4-7:1), also available composite fertilizer and the organic fishing fertilizer of microorganism.
The 1%-2% of the amount of raising can be thrown by feed and take bacillus category feed addictive containing viable count 10,000,000,000 more than CFU/g, it is evenly bonded in by appropriate amount of starch fingerling that feed throws something and feeds.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention is according to the biological property of yellow cartfish " complete male No. 1 ", the mode adopting Pond culture or cover to support cultivates, for fingerling growth provides agreeable to the taste bait, the mode and employing gradation is thrown something and fed, meet fingerling conversion of food habit needs, improve fingerling growth rate and go out pool specification.
Embodiment:
The technological means realized to make the present invention, creation characteristic, reaching object and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, setting forth the present invention further.
Yellow cartfish " complete male No. 1 " the extensive adult fish culture method of the present embodiment, comprises the steps:
(1) pond is selected: the pond that smooth at the bottom of selection area 1-10 mu, depth of water 1.5-2.0m, silt depth 10-15cm, more than dissolved oxygen amount 5mg/L, transparency 25-30cm, pond, Tang Geng slope ratio is 1:2-1:3, every 3-5 mu configures an aerator and device for feeding fish bait, pond needs near water source, illumination is sufficient, traffic convenience, telecommunication, power unimpeded, and the water source water yield is sufficient, water quality is fresh clearly, pollution-free.
(2) preparation of ponds: before fingerling stocking 1-2 month puts Gan Chishui, weed a garden and unnecessary mud, be exposed to the sun to turn white at the bottom of pond, stiff cracking, again 80 ~ 100kg/ mu quicklime is added water after melting and be evenly sprinkled upon in pond, stirring makes it fully mix with mud, finally injects the source of clean water after filtering.
(3) pond training water: 7-9 days after cleaning up the pond, the muck 200-500kg/ mu that full pool spilling head becomes thoroughly decomposed through fermentable such as inoculation bacillus subtilises, also can stack argy wormwood and alfalfa 200-300kg/ mu at Chi Jiao, newly-built pond should enrich organic bio-fertilizer 5-10kg/ mu.
(4) fingerling stocking: be divided into monoculture and cover to support two kinds of modes, 2.5-3.0cm summer flower 1.0-1.2 ten thousand tails/mu, 8.0-10.0cm winter sheet 0.6-0.8 ten thousand tails/mu is put in a suitable place to breed during monoculture, 2.5-3.0cm summer flower 0.1-0.3 ten thousand tails/mu, 8.0-10.0cm winter sheet 0.08-0.1 ten thousand tails/mu is put in a suitable place to breed when cover is supported, cover supports 100-120g silver carp or bighead 200-300 tail/mu, sterilizes under fingerling before the pool with povidone iodine or medicinal herb soak 10-15min.
(5) fingerling is fed: feed is based on spiral shell, small fish, chilled fish and pluck, day feeding volume is the 2%-4% of fingerling body weight, be aided with appropriate artifical compound feed, its crude protein content is 38%-42%, early, the noon, evening respectively feed once, tame to be transitioned into after manually throwing something and feeding 3-5 days and throw something and feed with feeder.
(6) water quality management: filling in every 5-7 days filters new water once, and quantity of exchanged water is 10-15cm, uses lime water full pool spilling head during water quality overfertilization, and control pH is between 7.5 ~ 8.5.
100-150kg/ mu fermentation fertilizer and 3-5kg/ mu chemical fertilizer (N/P ratio is 9:1) can be imposed according to water quality situation, or alone 10-15kg/ mu chemical fertilizer (N/P ratio is 4:1-7:1), also available composite fertilizer and the organic fishing fertilizer of microorganism.
(7) fish disease prevention and cure: fish disease season occurred frequently monthly to splash sterilization 1-2 time with titanium dioxide acid, and lime water is splashed 1 time, adds the former powder of Enrofloxacin or 1.5% allicin of 0.01-0.02% in feed simultaneously, connects hello 3-5 days.
The 1%-2% of the amount of raising can be thrown by feed and take bacillus category feed addictive containing viable count 10,000,000,000 more than CFU/g, it is evenly bonded in fingerling that feed throws something and feeds, to safeguard the gut flora balance of fingerling by appropriate amount of starch.
In daily management, adhere to early, patrol the pool evening, the situation such as observed and recorded weather, water temperature, water quality, bait throwing in, disease damage, determines corresponding feeding and management measure; Grasp the active situation of weather and fish, take corresponding measure, prevent serious floating head and general pool accident; Inspection pond is imported and exported, and prevents from escaping fish; The growth busy season is in morning and in the afternoon want timing start-up oxygenation.
More than show and describe general principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and specification just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.Application claims protection domain is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (3)

1. yellow cartfish " complete male No. 1 " extensive adult fish culture method, is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
(1) pond is selected: the pond that smooth at the bottom of selection area 1-10 mu, depth of water 1.5-2.0m, silt depth 10-15cm, more than dissolved oxygen amount 5mg/L, transparency 25-30cm, pond, Tang Geng slope ratio is 1:2-1:3, and every 3-5 mu configures an aerator and device for feeding fish bait;
(2) preparation of ponds: before fingerling stocking 1-2 month puts Gan Chishui, weed a garden and unnecessary mud, be exposed to the sun to turn white at the bottom of pond, stiff cracking, again 80 ~ 100kg/ mu quicklime is added water after melting and be evenly sprinkled upon in pond, stirring makes it fully mix with mud, finally injects the source of clean water after filtering;
(3) pond training water: 7-9 days after cleaning up the pond, the muck 200-500kg/ mu that full pool spilling head becomes thoroughly decomposed through fermentable such as inoculation bacillus subtilises, also can stack argy wormwood and alfalfa 200-300kg/ mu at Chi Jiao, newly-built pond should enrich organic bio-fertilizer 5-10kg/ mu;
(4) fingerling stocking: be divided into monoculture and cover to support two kinds of modes, 2.5-3.0cm summer flower 1.0-1.2 ten thousand tails/mu, 8.0-10.0cm winter sheet 0.6-0.8 ten thousand tails/mu is put in a suitable place to breed during monoculture, 2.5-3.0cm summer flower 0.1-0.3 ten thousand tails/mu, 8.0-10.0cm winter sheet 0.08-0.1 ten thousand tails/mu is put in a suitable place to breed when cover is supported, cover supports 100-120g silver carp or bighead 200-300 tail/mu, sterilizes under fingerling before the pool with povidone iodine or medicinal herb soak 10-15min;
(5) fingerling is fed: feed is based on spiral shell, small fish, chilled fish and pluck, day feeding volume is the 2%-4% of fingerling body weight, be aided with appropriate artifical compound feed, its crude protein content is 38%-42%, early, the noon, evening respectively feed once, tame to be transitioned into after manually throwing something and feeding 3-5 days and throw something and feed with feeder;
(6) water quality management: filling in every 5-7 days filters new water once, and quantity of exchanged water is 10-15cm, uses lime water full pool spilling head during water quality overfertilization, and control pH is between 7.5 ~ 8.5;
(7) fish disease prevention and cure: fish disease season occurred frequently monthly to splash sterilization 1-2 time with titanium dioxide acid, and lime water is splashed 1 time, adds the former powder of Enrofloxacin or 1.5% allicin of 0.01-0.02% in feed simultaneously, connects hello 3-5 days.
2. a kind of yellow cartfish according to claim 1 " complete male No. 1 " extensive adult fish culture method, it is characterized in that: 100-150kg/ mu fermentation fertilizer and 3-5kg/ mu chemical fertilizer (N/P ratio is 9:1) can be imposed according to water quality situation, or alone 10-15kg/ mu chemical fertilizer (N/P ratio is 4-7:1), also available composite fertilizer and the organic fishing fertilizer of microorganism.
3. a kind of yellow cartfish according to claim 1 " complete male No. 1 " extensive adult fish culture method, it is characterized in that: the 1%-2% of the amount of raising can be thrown by feed and take bacillus category feed addictive containing viable count 10,000,000,000 more than CFU/g, it is evenly bonded in by appropriate amount of starch fingerling that feed throws something and feeds.
CN201410491840.2A 2014-09-23 2014-09-23 Large-scale adult fish farming method of 'All-male No. 1' type Pelteobagrus fulvidracos Pending CN104247687A (en)

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Cited By (10)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104521845A (en) * 2015-01-21 2015-04-22 安庆市皖宜季牛水产养殖有限责任公司 All-male pelteobagrus fulvidraco pond main culturing method
CN104705228A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-06-17 宁国市金东坊农业开发有限公司 Breeding method for tor (foliter) brevifilis brevifilis
CN105454115A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-04-06 苏州市阳澄湖三家村蟹业有限公司 High-yield breeding method of yellow-head catfish
CN106359188A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 苏州市阳澄湖三家村蟹业有限公司 Culture method of pelteobagrus fulvidraco
CN106912411A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-07-04 蚌埠市宝煦家庭农场 A kind of cultural method of promotion snakeheaded fish fast-growth
CN107410108A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-12-01 蚌埠市宝煦家庭农场 A kind of cultural method for reducing silver carp disease
CN107691301A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-02-16 东兰县安篓东二养殖场 A kind of method of fish fast-growth
CN107926793A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-04-20 卢惠 A kind of cultural method of high yield prawn
CN109197541A (en) * 2017-07-05 2019-01-15 苑春亭 A kind of method that aquaculture early period uses sediment of pond rich water
CN109463317A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-03-15 南宁学院 A kind of cultural method improving stingray body color

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104521845A (en) * 2015-01-21 2015-04-22 安庆市皖宜季牛水产养殖有限责任公司 All-male pelteobagrus fulvidraco pond main culturing method
CN104705228A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-06-17 宁国市金东坊农业开发有限公司 Breeding method for tor (foliter) brevifilis brevifilis
CN105454115A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-04-06 苏州市阳澄湖三家村蟹业有限公司 High-yield breeding method of yellow-head catfish
CN106359188A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 苏州市阳澄湖三家村蟹业有限公司 Culture method of pelteobagrus fulvidraco
CN106912411A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-07-04 蚌埠市宝煦家庭农场 A kind of cultural method of promotion snakeheaded fish fast-growth
CN107410108A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-12-01 蚌埠市宝煦家庭农场 A kind of cultural method for reducing silver carp disease
CN109197541A (en) * 2017-07-05 2019-01-15 苑春亭 A kind of method that aquaculture early period uses sediment of pond rich water
CN109197541B (en) * 2017-07-05 2020-09-01 苑春亭 Method for fertilizing water by using pond bottom mud in early stage of aquaculture
CN107691301A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-02-16 东兰县安篓东二养殖场 A kind of method of fish fast-growth
CN107926793A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-04-20 卢惠 A kind of cultural method of high yield prawn
CN109463317A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-03-15 南宁学院 A kind of cultural method improving stingray body color

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