CN105230297B - A kind of implantation methods of phyllostachys pracecox shoots - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of phyllostachys pracecox shoots Download PDF

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CN105230297B
CN105230297B CN201510697933.5A CN201510697933A CN105230297B CN 105230297 B CN105230297 B CN 105230297B CN 201510697933 A CN201510697933 A CN 201510697933A CN 105230297 B CN105230297 B CN 105230297B
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bamboo
fertilizer
apply
cave
soil
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CN105230297A (en
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竺国领
章春琴
贺功振
唐东芹
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Zhigeng Co Ltd
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Zhigeng Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

Present invention is disclosed a kind of implantation methods of phyllostachys pracecox shoots, including:Step S1, soil improvement;Kind of a plant hole is first opened before plant, digging cave length and width is 30~70cm, deep 20~50cm;The application of organic fertilizers in cave;Step S2, chooses female bamboo;Step S3, plants seedling;Female bamboo is put into cave by the former direction of bamboo whip, bamboo whip horizontal, back-filling in layers cave soil, moisturizing of watering, piling is fixed;Step S4, water and fertilizer management;2 month Shooting stage and 8 Septembers part differentiation of shoot bud phase, every mu of 10~20 tons of irrigation amount;Apply for 2 March and urge bamboo shoot fertilizer, apply organic commercial fertilizer;Apply long whip fertilizer 6 July, apply microorganism punching fertilising and be watered and mix thoroughly;7 Augusts apply vernalization fertilizer, every mu of application organic commercial fertilizer;In 11 December, pregnant bamboo shoot fertilizer is applied, self-control compost is applied;Step S5, female bamboo stays foster.The present invention can smoothly introduce thunder bamboo, and overall introduces a fine variety survival rate to 98%, and can be under conditions of its quality is ensured, every mu of yield reaches 2500kg, and on the bamboo shoot time is gone out compared with original producton location, can list the same period.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of phyllostachys pracecox shoots
Technical field
The invention belongs to bamboo shoots planting technology field, it is related to a kind of bamboo shoots implantation methods, more particularly to a kind of phyllostachys pracecox shoots Implantation methods.
Background technology
Phyllostachys pracecox shoots are Forest Vegetables rising stars, fully natural green health food, and it is not only delicious and tasty, nutritious, and With a variety of medical treatment and healthcare function, Lei Zhu has bamboo shoot earliest, and the bamboo shoot phase is long, and individual is sturdy, and the thin meat of shell is thick, bamboo shoot delicious, battalion Support abundant, yield is high, biennial bearing does not substantially wait unique advantage.The market sales volume of phyllostachys pracecox shoots is very big, and lucrative, the Spring Festival Period, in the market phyllostachys pracecox shoots price is up to more than 60 yuan of per kilogram.Plantation thunder bamboo is abundant vegetable variety and the good item developed the economy Mesh.But due to being limited by some odjective causes, Lei Zhu does not mass produce plantation.
Thunder bamboo natural disposition is elegant, is afraid of ponding, is loose sandy loam to soil requirement, pH value is slightly sour to neutral.Some The region that can be introduced a fine variety in terms of water temperature often there are that level of ground water is high, soil stickiness great Yi is hardened, salt in physicochemical property The problem of basicity is high.First, in some plain river network region, planting site level of ground water is higher, it is easy to which ponding causes bamboo rotten Whip;Secondly the stickiness of area's soil is higher, and soil is easily hardened to cause porosity few, and aeration is poor, and moisture can not reach profundal zone, Easily cause female bamboo water shortage dead, and meta-alkalescence on soil physico-chemical property, also it is unfavorable for female bamboo existence;In addition in plains region, winter Season, northwest monsoon was stronger, and female bamboo of thunder bamboo is introduced a fine variety and made a big impact.Therefore, although Lei Zhu has higher economic value, Still the popularizing planting without scale.
There is part to introduce the research of subregion, but no preferable production effect, therefore current one for Lei Zhu at present The deficiency of a little technologies, find good production implantation methods be it is necessary, it is significant for agricultural production.
In view of this, nowadays in the urgent need to designing a kind of thunder bamboo Plant plane, to overcome the defect that existing scheme is present.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are:A kind of implantation methods of phyllostachys pracecox shoots are provided, phyllostachys pracecox shoots can be made at some Production is smoothly introduced in region, and can activate conduit, and enhancing crop absorbs nutrient, accelerates plant growth, well developed root system, root Deep seedling is prosperous.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention is adopted the following technical scheme that:
A kind of implantation methods of phyllostachys pracecox shoots, the implantation methods include:
Step one, selection bamboo shoot field;Selection ecological environment is good and there is the plot of stronger developing ability to be used as thunder bamboo shoot base Ground, base spatially sets border or isolation strip, and in base, direction northwest sets shelterbelt;It is ventilative that the soil is porous, whole base Ground draining is good;Ambient parameter, the soil constituent in plot are detected, is compared with imposing a condition, whether judges the plot Meet the requirements;
Step 2, forest land is arranged;The thing such as weeds in removing garden, takes the mode of overall site preparation to carry out soil depth to base Turn over, deepen arable layer 40-50cm, be a production unit with 2 mu, each production unit has corresponding ground block number, each Unit north-south 6 bar ditch of trench digging, furrow width 25cm, deep 30cm;Organic Lei Zhu bases surrounding will open zanjon, and irrigation canals and ditches and river are connected Connect, it is ensured that comb is unimpeded;
Step 3, soil improvement first opens kind of a plant hole before plant, dig cave length and width 50cm, deep 30-40cm;Applied certainly in cave Organic fertilizer processed, self-prepared organic fertilizer includes organic with 1kg commodity in organic commercial fertilizer, charcoal powder, the pyrolkigneous liquid of dilution, each cave Fertilizer, 0.5kg charcoal powders, 1 liter of pyrolkigneous liquid for diluting 50 times, mix uniform apply and make base fertilizer;Mixed per cave with 0.5 kilogram of oil cake fertilizer and soil In even backfill cave;Organic commercial fertilizer composition:The content of organic matter>=30%, N, P, K content are all higher than being equal to 12%;
Step 4, chooses female bamboo;Female bamboo is chosen in Lei Zhu original producton locations, and growth selection is healthy and strong, life in 1~2 year of no disease and pests harm Spire thunder bamboo is as female bamboo, and every plant of female bamboo stays and carrys out whip 10-15cm, removes whip 20cm, stays a 4-7 grades, bamboo pole 130cm above top tip is cut It is flat;The root of female bamboo be immersed in 2500 times of diluted concentration containing microorganism according to 3 seconds in the water vat of bacillus, to it Handled;
Step 5, plants seedling;Female bamboo is put into cave by the former direction of bamboo whip, bamboo whip horizontal, depth is 20-25cm, female Bamboo root and stem of certain plants bottom is contacted with pad soil, and back-filling in layers cave soil, moisturizing of watering, piling is fixed, and the density of plantation is 100 plants every mu;If after planting Without precipitation, it need to water 1 time within continuous 5 days, every plant of 15kg keeps ground moistening;
Step 6, weeds with a hoe;Weed with a hoe 1 year 3 times, shallow cut is ploughed deeply at 10-15cm, no whip within 2 months;The 5-6 months plough deeply 25-30cm;Loosen the soil the 9-10 months 15-20cm;Cleaning disease, worm are caused harm bamboo shoots branches and leaves stalk and the inferior bamboo of the old and the weak in time, remove disease in woods Worm sources and propagating source, improve bamboo grove environment;
Step 7, water and fertilizer management;2 month Shooting stage with 8-9 month differentiation of shoot bud phases, every mu of 15 tons of irrigation amount, device agriculture Magnetic water irrigator is used, thunder bamboo grove is poured with magnetized water;Apply the 2-3 months and urge bamboo shoot fertilizer, every mu of application organic commercial fertilizer 15-20kg;Apply long whip fertilizer the 6-7 months, apply microorganism punching fertilising 10kg and be watered 600-800 kilograms for every mu and mix thoroughly, in being with bamboo clump Pour and apply in the heart, 0.5 meter of radius;Apply vernalization fertilizer the 7-8 months, every mu applies organic commercial fertilizer 15-20kg;The 11-12 months, apply pregnant bamboo shoot Fertilizer, every mu is applied 1-1.2 tons of compost of self-control;Microorganism punching fertilising is huge power star;Every 50 mu are set up a 300m3 compost, in thunder Bamboo grove is applied in ground as base manure;
Step 8, female bamboo stays foster;Stay it is remote dig it is near, stay dig greatly it is small, dredge bamboo shoot and support bamboo shoot, select and remain equally distributed healthy and strong female bamboo, promote Make to grow into forest ahead of time.
A kind of implantation methods of phyllostachys pracecox shoots, the implantation methods include:
Step S1, soil improvement;Kind of a plant hole is first opened before plant, digging cave length and width is 30~70cm, deep 20~50cm;In cave Interior application of organic fertilizers;
Step S2, chooses female bamboo;
Step S3, plants seedling;Female bamboo is put into cave by the former direction of bamboo whip, bamboo whip horizontal, depth is 10-35cm, female Bamboo root and stem of certain plants bottom is contacted with pad soil, and back-filling in layers cave soil, moisturizing of watering, piling is fixed;
Step S4, water and fertilizer management;2 month Shooting stage with 8-9 month differentiation of shoot bud phases, every mu of 10~20 tons of irrigation amount;2-3 Apply the moon and urge bamboo shoot fertilizer, apply organic commercial fertilizer;Apply long whip fertilizer the 6-7 months, apply microorganism punching fertilising and be watered and mix thoroughly;Apply vernalization fertilizer the 7-8 months, Apply organic commercial fertilizer;The 11-12 months, pregnant bamboo shoot fertilizer is applied, self-control compost is applied;
Step S5, female bamboo stays foster;Stay it is remote dig it is near, stay dig greatly it is small, dredge bamboo shoot and support bamboo shoot, select and remain equally distributed healthy and strong female bamboo, promote Make to grow into forest ahead of time.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in step S1, organic fertilizer is self-prepared organic fertilizer, including organic commercial fertilizer, Charcoal powder, the pyrolkigneous liquid of dilution.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in step S1, with 0.5~1.5kg organic commercial fertilizers, 0.2 in each cave ~1kg charcoal powders, 0.5~2 liter of pyrolkigneous liquid for diluting 20~100 times, mix uniform apply and make base fertilizer.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in step S2, female bamboo is chosen in Lei Zhu original producton locations, and growth selection is healthy and strong, The raw spire thunder bamboo in 1~2 year of no disease and pests harm is as female bamboo, and every plant of female bamboo stays and carrys out whip 10-15cm, removes whip 20cm, stays a 4-7 grades, Bamboo pole 130cm above top tips are truncated;The root of female bamboo be immersed in 2500 times of diluted concentration containing microorganism according to gemma bar 3 seconds in the water vat of bacterium, it is handled.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in step S3, female bamboo is put into cave by the former direction of bamboo whip, bamboo whip is put down Put, depth is 20-25cm, the density of plantation is 50~200 plants every mu.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in step S4, the agricultural magnetic water irrigator of device, with magnetized water come to thunder Poured to bamboo grove.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in step S4, apply the 2-3 months and urge bamboo shoot fertilizer, every mu of application organic commercial fertilizer 15 ~20kg;Apply long whip fertilizer the 6-7 months, apply microorganism punching fertilising 10kg and be watered 600~800 kilograms for every mu and mix thoroughly, in being with bamboo clump Pour and apply in the heart, 0.5 meter of radius;Apply vernalization fertilizer the 7-8 months, every mu applies 15~20kg of organic commercial fertilizer;The 11-12 months, apply pregnant Bamboo shoot fertilizer, every mu is applied 1~1.2 ton of compost of self-control;Every 50 mu are set up a 300m3 compost, are applied in thunder bamboo grove ground as base manure With.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, methods described also includes before step S1:
Step one, selection bamboo shoot field;Selection ecological environment is good and there is the plot of stronger developing ability to be used as thunder bamboo shoot base Ground, base spatially sets border or isolation strip, and in base, direction northwest sets shelterbelt;It is ventilative that the soil is porous, whole base Ground draining is good;Ambient parameter, the soil constituent in plot are detected, is compared with imposing a condition, whether judges the plot Meet the requirements;
Step 2, forest land is arranged;The thing such as weeds in removing garden, takes the mode of overall site preparation to carry out soil depth to base Turn over, deepen arable layer 40-50cm, be a production unit with 2 mu, each production unit has corresponding ground block number, each Unit north-south 6 bar ditch of trench digging, furrow width 25cm, deep 30cm;Organic Lei Zhu bases surrounding will open zanjon, and irrigation canals and ditches and river are connected Connect, it is ensured that comb is unimpeded.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, methods described also includes step S six, weeds with a hoe;Weed with a hoe 1 year 3 Secondary, shallow cut is ploughed deeply at 10-15cm, no whip within 2 months;The 5-6 months plough deeply 25-30cm;Loosen the soil the 9-10 months 15-20cm;Cleaning in time is sick, worm Cause harm bamboo shoots branches and leaves stalk and the inferior bamboo of the old and the weak, remove disease pest source and propagating source in woods, improve bamboo grove environment.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:The implantation methods of phyllostachys pracecox shoots proposed by the present invention, can using above cultural method So that thunder bamboo smoothly to be introduced, overall introduces a fine variety survival rate to 98%, and can be under conditions of its quality is ensured, every mu of yield 2500kg is reached, and on the bamboo shoot time is gone out compared with original producton location, can be listed the same period.
The present invention is arranged using in bamboo shoot field, and geographical features and monsoon climatic characteristic for Water Net Plain District are entered Row shelter belt is set and drainage ditch is set, and solves the problem of Lei Zhu is afraid of flood and easily lodged.
The performance of taking root of female bamboo is enhanced according to bacillus using ground, and conduit can be activated, enhancing crop absorbs nutrition member Element, accelerates plant growth, and well developed root system, root depth seedling is prosperous.
Using self-prepared organic fertilizers such as wooden vinegar fertilizer and magnetized water is poured, the problem of solving soil hardening and be partially saline and alkaline promotees Enter root system germination percentage dynamics, shorten into current;Ensure that female bamboo smoothly survives.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the flow chart of phyllostachys pracecox shoots implantation methods of the present invention in embodiment one.
Fig. 2 is the flow chart of phyllostachys pracecox shoots implantation methods of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the flow chart of phyllostachys pracecox shoots implantation methods of the present invention in example IV.
Embodiment
The preferred embodiment that the invention will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment one
Referring to Fig. 1, present invention is disclosed a kind of implantation methods of phyllostachys pracecox shoots, specifically including following steps:
Step one, select 50 mu of ecological environments good and plot with stronger developing ability is used as thunder bamboo shoot base.
The thing such as weeds in step 2, removing garden, takes the mode of overall site preparation to carry out soil deep tillage to base, deepens farming Layer 40cm, is a production unit with 2 mu, and each production unit has corresponding ground block number, each unit north-south trench digging 6 Bar ditch, furrow width 25cm, deep 30cm.Organic Lei Zhu bases surrounding will open zanjon, fix irrigation canals and ditches and be connected with river, it is ensured that comb is smooth It is logical.
Step 3, first opens kind of a plant hole before plant, dig cave length and width 50cm, deep 40cm;Self-prepared organic fertilizer is applied in cave (to be had Pyrolkigneous liquid after machine fertilizer+charcoal powder+dilution), with the pyrolkigneous liquid 1 of 1kg organic fertilizers+0.5kg charcoal powders+50 times of dilution in each cave Rise, mix uniform apply and make base fertilizer.Organic fertilizer therein is organic commercial fertilizer, composition:The content of organic matter>=30%, N, P, K content It is all higher than being equal to 12%.
Step 4, in Lei Zhu original producton locations, growth selection is healthy and strong, and 1.5 years raw spire thunder bamboos of no disease and pests harm are as female bamboo, often The female bamboo of strain, which stays, carrys out whip 10cm, removes whip 20cm, stays 5 grades of branch, bamboo pole 130cm above top tips are truncated.The root of female bamboo is immersed in and contained With having microorganism according to 3 seconds in the water vat of bacillus, it is handled.
Step 5, female bamboo is put into cave by the former direction of bamboo whip, bamboo whip horizontal, depth is 20cm, female bamboo root and stem of certain plants bottom and pad Soil contact, back-filling in layers cave soil, moisturizing of watering, piling is fixed, and the density of plantation is 100 plants every mu.
Step 6, is weeded with a hoe 1 year 3 times, and shallow cut is ploughed deeply at 10cm, no whip within 2 months.May ploughs deeply 25cm.September is loosened the soil 15cm。
Step 7,2 month Shooting stage with August part differentiation of shoot bud phase, every mu of 15 tons of irrigation amount, the agricultural magnetic water of device irrigates Device, is poured with magnetized water to thunder bamboo grove.Apply within 2 months and urge bamboo shoot fertilizer, every mu applies organic commercial fertilizer 15-20kg.June applies length Whip fertilizer, applies microorganism punching fertilising (huge power star) 10kg and is watered 600 kilograms for every mu and mix thoroughly, centered on bamboo clump, 0.5 meter of radius model Pour and apply in enclosing;Apply vernalization fertilizer July, every mu applies organic commercial fertilizer 15-20kg;The 11-12 months, pregnant bamboo shoot fertilizer is applied, every mu is applied self-control heap 1.2 tons of fertilizer.
Step 8, female bamboo stays foster.Stay it is remote dig it is near, stay dig greatly it is small, dredge bamboo shoot and support bamboo shoot, select and remain equally distributed healthy and strong female bamboo, promote Make to grow into forest ahead of time.
Implementation result:Thunder bamboo can smoothly be introduced using above cultural method, overall introduces a fine variety survival rate to 98%, And can be under conditions of its quality is ensured, every mu of yield reaches 2000kg, and on the bamboo shoot time is gone out compared with original producton location, energy Enough same period listings.
Embodiment two
Present case discloses a kind of introduction of plant method of non-appropriate area phyllostachys pracecox shoots, and methods described comprises the following steps:
Step one, select 100 mu of ecological environments good and plot with stronger developing ability is used as thunder bamboo shoot base.
The thing such as weeds in step 2, removing garden, takes the mode of overall site preparation to carry out soil deep tillage to base, deepens farming Layer 50cm, is a production unit with 2 mu, and each production unit has corresponding ground block number, each unit north-south trench digging 6 Bar ditch, furrow width 25cm, deep 30cm.Organic Lei Zhu bases surrounding will open zanjon, fix irrigation canals and ditches and be connected with river, it is ensured that comb is smooth It is logical.
Step 3, first opens kind of a plant hole before plant, dig cave length and width 50cm, deep 50cm;Self-prepared organic fertilizer is applied in cave (to be had Pyrolkigneous liquid after machine fertilizer+charcoal powder+dilution), with the pyrolkigneous liquid 1 of 1kg organic fertilizers+0.5kg charcoal powders+50 times of dilution in each cave Rise, mix uniform apply and make base fertilizer.
Step 4, in Lei Zhu original producton locations, growth selection is healthy and strong, and 2 years raw spire thunder bamboos of no disease and pests harm are used as female bamboo, every plant Female bamboo, which stays, carrys out whip 15cm, removes whip 20cm, stays 7 grades of branch, and bamboo pole 120cm above top tips are truncated.The root of female bamboo be immersed in containing Microorganism according to 3 seconds in the water vat of bacillus, it is handled.
Step 5, female bamboo is put into cave by the former direction of bamboo whip, bamboo whip horizontal, depth is 20cm, female bamboo root and stem of certain plants bottom and pad Soil contact, back-filling in layers cave soil, moisturizing of watering, piling is fixed, and the density of plantation is 100 plants every mu.
Step 6, is weeded with a hoe 1 year 3 times, and shallow cut is ploughed deeply at 10cm, no whip within 2 months.May ploughs deeply 30cm.September is loosened the soil 15cm。
Step 7,2 month Shooting stage with August part differentiation of shoot bud phase, every mu of 15 tons of irrigation amount, the agricultural magnetic water of device irrigates Device, is poured with magnetized water to thunder bamboo grove.Apply within 2 months and urge bamboo shoot fertilizer, every mu applies organic commercial fertilizer 15-20kg.July applies length Whip fertilizer, applies microorganism punching fertilising (huge power star) 10kg and is watered 600 kilograms for every mu and mix thoroughly, centered on bamboo clump, 0.5 meter of radius model Pour and apply in enclosing;Apply vernalization fertilizer July, every mu applies organic commercial fertilizer 15-20kg;The 11-12 months, pregnant bamboo shoot fertilizer is applied, every mu is applied self-control heap 1.2 tons of fertilizer.
Step 8, female bamboo stays foster.Stay it is remote dig it is near, stay dig greatly it is small, dredge bamboo shoot and support bamboo shoot, select and remain equally distributed healthy and strong female bamboo, promote Make to grow into forest ahead of time.
Implementation result:Thunder bamboo can smoothly be introduced using above cultural method, overall introduces a fine variety survival rate to 98%, And can be under conditions of its quality is ensured, every mu of yield reaches 2500kg, and on the bamboo shoot time is gone out compared with original producton location, energy Enough same period listings.
Embodiment three
Referring to Fig. 2, the present invention discloses a kind of implantation methods of phyllostachys pracecox shoots, the implantation methods include:
Step one, selection bamboo shoot field;Selection ecological environment is good and there is the plot of stronger developing ability to be used as thunder bamboo shoot base Ground, base spatially sets border or isolation strip, and in base, direction northwest sets shelterbelt;It is ventilative that the soil is porous, whole base Ground draining is good.Ambient parameter, the soil constituent in plot are detected, is compared with imposing a condition, whether judges the plot Meet the requirements.
Step 2, forest land is arranged;The thing such as weeds in removing garden, takes the mode of overall site preparation to carry out soil depth to base Turn over, deepen arable layer 40-50cm, be a production unit with 2 mu, each production unit has corresponding ground block number, each Unit north-south 6 bar ditch of trench digging, furrow width 25cm, deep 30cm;Organic Lei Zhu bases surrounding will open zanjon, and irrigation canals and ditches and river are connected Connect, it is ensured that comb is unimpeded.
Step 3, soil improvement first opens kind of a plant hole before plant, dig cave length and width 50cm, deep 30-40cm;Applied certainly in cave Organic fertilizer processed, self-prepared organic fertilizer includes organic with 1kg commodity in organic commercial fertilizer, charcoal powder, the pyrolkigneous liquid of dilution, each cave Fertilizer, 0.5kg charcoal powders, 1 liter of pyrolkigneous liquid for diluting 50 times, mix uniform apply and make base fertilizer;Mixed per cave with 0.5 kilogram of oil cake fertilizer and soil In even backfill cave.
Step 4, chooses female bamboo;Female bamboo is chosen in Lei Zhu original producton locations, and growth selection is healthy and strong, life in 1~2 year of no disease and pests harm Spire thunder bamboo is as female bamboo, and every plant of female bamboo stays and carrys out whip 10-15cm, removes whip 20cm, stays a 4-7 grades, bamboo pole 130cm above top tip is cut It is flat;The root of female bamboo be immersed in 2500 times of diluted concentration containing microorganism according to 3 seconds in the water vat of bacillus, to it Handled.
Step 5, plants seedling;Female bamboo is put into cave by the former direction of bamboo whip, bamboo whip horizontal, depth is 20-25cm, female Bamboo root and stem of certain plants bottom is contacted with pad soil, and back-filling in layers cave soil, moisturizing of watering, piling is fixed, and the density of plantation is 100 plants every mu;If after planting Without precipitation, it need to water 1 time within continuous 5 days, every plant of 15kg keeps ground moistening.
Step 6, weeds with a hoe;Weed with a hoe 1 year 3 times, shallow cut is ploughed deeply at 10-15cm, no whip within 2 months;The 5-6 months plough deeply 25-30cm;Loosen the soil the 9-10 months 15-20cm;Cleaning disease, worm are caused harm bamboo shoots branches and leaves stalk and the inferior bamboo of the old and the weak in time, remove disease in woods Worm sources and propagating source, improve bamboo grove environment.
Step 7, water and fertilizer management;2 month Shooting stage with 8-9 month differentiation of shoot bud phases, every mu of 15 tons of irrigation amount, device agriculture Magnetic water irrigator is used, thunder bamboo grove is poured with magnetized water.
Apply the 2-3 months and urge bamboo shoot fertilizer, every mu applies organic commercial fertilizer 15-20kg;Apply long whip fertilizer the 6-7 months, every mu is applied microorganism punching Fertilising 10kg is simultaneously watered 600-800 kilograms and mixed thoroughly, centered on bamboo clump, pours and applies in 0.5 meter of radius;Apply vernalization fertilizer the 7-8 months, Every mu applies organic commercial fertilizer 15-20kg;The 11-12 months, pregnant bamboo shoot fertilizer is applied, every mu is applied 1-1.2 tons of compost of self-control;Microorganism punching fertilising For huge power star;Every 50 mu are set up a 300m3 compost, are applied in thunder bamboo grove ground as base manure.
Step 8, female bamboo stays foster;Stay it is remote dig it is near, stay dig greatly it is small, dredge bamboo shoot and support bamboo shoot, select and remain equally distributed healthy and strong female bamboo, promote Make to grow into forest ahead of time.
Example IV
Referring to Fig. 3, the present invention discloses a kind of implantation methods of phyllostachys pracecox shoots, the implantation methods include:
Step S1, soil improvement;Kind of a plant hole is first opened before plant, digging cave length and width is 30~70cm, deep 20~50cm;In cave Interior application of organic fertilizers;
Step S2, chooses female bamboo;
Step S3, plants seedling;Female bamboo is put into cave by the former direction of bamboo whip, bamboo whip horizontal, depth is 10-35cm, female Bamboo root and stem of certain plants bottom is contacted with pad soil, and back-filling in layers cave soil, moisturizing of watering, piling is fixed;
Step S4, water and fertilizer management;2 month Shooting stage with 8-9 month differentiation of shoot bud phases, every mu of 10~20 tons of irrigation amount;2-3 Apply the moon and urge bamboo shoot fertilizer, apply organic commercial fertilizer;Apply long whip fertilizer the 6-7 months, apply microorganism punching fertilising and be watered and mix thoroughly;Apply vernalization fertilizer the 7-8 months, Apply organic commercial fertilizer;The 11-12 months, pregnant bamboo shoot fertilizer is applied, self-control compost is applied;
Step S5, female bamboo stays foster;Stay it is remote dig it is near, stay dig greatly it is small, dredge bamboo shoot and support bamboo shoot, select and remain equally distributed healthy and strong female bamboo, promote Make to grow into forest ahead of time.
In summary, the implantation methods of phyllostachys pracecox shoots proposed by the present invention, can be smooth by thunder bamboo using above cultural method Introduce, overall introduces a fine variety survival rate to 98%, and can be under conditions of its quality is ensured, every mu of yield reaches 2500kg, And on the bamboo shoot time is gone out compared with original producton location, it can list the same period.
The present invention is arranged using in bamboo shoot field, and geographical features and monsoon climatic characteristic for Water Net Plain District are entered Row shelter belt is set and drainage ditch is set, and solves the problem of Lei Zhu is afraid of flood and easily lodged.
The performance of taking root of female bamboo is enhanced according to bacillus using ground, and conduit can be activated, enhancing crop absorbs nutrition member Element, accelerates plant growth, and well developed root system, root depth seedling is prosperous.
Using self-prepared organic fertilizers such as wooden vinegar fertilizer and magnetized water is poured, the problem of solving soil hardening and be partially saline and alkaline promotees Enter root system germination percentage dynamics, shorten into current;Ensure that female bamboo smoothly survives.
Here description of the invention and application be illustrative, be not wishing to limit the scope of the invention to above-described embodiment In.The deformation and change of embodiments disclosed herein are possible, real for those skilled in the art The replacement and equivalent various parts for applying example are known.It should be appreciated by the person skilled in the art that not departing from the present invention Spirit or essential characteristics in the case of, the present invention can in other forms, structure, arrangement, ratio, and with other components, Material and part are realized.In the case where not departing from scope and spirit of the present invention, embodiments disclosed herein can be entered The other deformations of row and change.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of implantation methods of phyllostachys pracecox shoots, it is characterised in that the implantation methods include:
Step one, selection bamboo shoot field;Selection ecological environment is good and there is the plot of stronger developing ability to be used as thunder bamboo shoot base, base Ground spatially sets border or isolation strip, and in base, direction northwest sets shelterbelt;It is ventilative that the soil is porous, whole base course drainage Well;Ambient parameter, the soil constituent in plot are detected, is compared with imposing a condition, judges whether the plot conforms to Ask;
Step 2, forest land is arranged;Weeds in removing garden, take the mode of overall site preparation to carry out soil deep tillage to base, deepen to plough Make layer 40-50cm, be a production unit with 2 mu, each production unit has corresponding ground block number, each unit north-south Ditch 6 bar ditch, furrow width 25cm, deep 30cm;Organic Lei Zhu bases surrounding will open zanjon, irrigation canals and ditches are connected with river, it is ensured that comb It is unimpeded;
Step 3, soil improvement first opens kind of a plant hole before plant, dig cave length and width 50cm, deep 30-40cm;Apply and be formed with certainly in cave Machine fertilizer, self-prepared organic fertilizer includes organic commercial fertilizer, charcoal powder and the pyrolkigneous liquid of dilution, use 1kg organic commercial fertilizers in each cave, 0.5kg charcoal powders and 1 liter of the pyrolkigneous liquid of 50 times of dilution, uniform apply make base fertilizer;Mixed thoroughly back per cave with 0.5 kilogram of oil cake fertilizer and soil Fill out in cave;Organic commercial fertilizer composition:The content of organic matter>=30%, N, P, K content are all higher than being equal to 12%;
Step 4, chooses female bamboo;Female bamboo is chosen in Lei Zhu original producton locations, and growth selection is healthy and strong, 1~2 year raw spire of no disease and pests harm Lei Zhu is as female bamboo, and every plant of female bamboo stays and carrys out whip 10-15cm, removes whip 20cm, stays a 4-7 grades, bamboo pole 130cm above top tips are truncated; The root of female bamboo is immersed in the water vat containing microorganism bacillus licheniformis of 2500 times of diluted concentration 3 seconds, it is entered Row processing;
Step 5, plants seedling;Female bamboo is put into cave by the former direction of bamboo whip, bamboo whip horizontal, depth is 20-25cm, female bamboo root and stem of certain plants Bottom is contacted with pad soil, and back-filling in layers cave soil, moisturizing of watering, piling is fixed, and the density of plantation is 100 plants every mu;If continuous 5 after planting It need to water 1 time without precipitation, every plant of 15kg, keep ground moistening;
Step 6, weeds with a hoe;Weed with a hoe 1 year 3 times, shallow cut is ploughed deeply at 10-15cm, no whip within 2 months;The 5-6 months plough deeply 25- 30cm;Loosen the soil the 9-10 months 15-20cm;Cleaning disease, worm are caused harm bamboo shoots branches and leaves stalk and the inferior bamboo of the old and the weak in time, remove disease pest source in woods And propagating source, improve bamboo grove environment;
Step 7, water and fertilizer management;2 month Shooting stage with 8-9 month differentiation of shoot bud phases, every mu of 15 tons of irrigation amount, the agricultural water of device Magnetize irrigator, thunder bamboo grove is poured with magnetized water;Apply the 2-3 months and urge bamboo shoot fertilizer, every mu applies organic commercial fertilizer 15- 20kg;Apply long whip fertilizer the 6-7 months, apply microorganism punching fertilising 10kg and be watered 600-800 kilograms for every mu and mix thoroughly, centered on bamboo clump, Pour and apply in 0.5 meter of radius;Apply vernalization fertilizer the 7-8 months, every mu applies organic commercial fertilizer 15-20kg;The 11-12 months, pregnant bamboo shoot fertilizer is applied, Every mu is applied 1-1.2 tons of compost of self-control;Microorganism punching fertilising is huge power star;Every 50 mu are set up a 300m3Compost, in thunder bamboo grove Applied in ground as base manure;
Step 8, female bamboo stays foster;Stay it is remote dig it is near, stay dig greatly it is small, dredge bamboo shoot and support bamboo shoot, select and remain equally distributed healthy and strong female bamboo, promote to carry Early grow into forest.
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CN106358894A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-02-01 国家林业局竹子研究开发中心 Method for controlling and promoting regeneration of bamboo forest through bud differentiation
CN107750838B (en) * 2017-09-07 2020-05-05 重庆市南川区特珍方竹产业技术研究院 Optimized high-yield cultivation method for square bamboos
CN108323381B (en) * 2018-03-08 2020-06-02 重庆岁稔生态农业发展有限公司 Method for planting phyllostachys praecox
CN108174753A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-06-19 重庆市铜梁区林业技术指导站 The whip of Lei Zhu is to processing method and processing device
CN108617215B (en) * 2018-03-09 2020-06-02 重庆岁稔生态农业发展有限公司 Fertilizing method and device for phyllostachys praecox planting
CN108651180B (en) * 2018-05-28 2020-03-31 浙江农林大学 Ecological cultivation technology for promoting fast growth of newly-built bamboo forest
CN109089764A (en) * 2018-08-25 2018-12-28 娄义龙 Bamboo plant takes off the transplanting of the head tip of a whip and introduces a fine variety method
CN110073911A (en) * 2019-05-30 2019-08-02 乐山师范学院 A kind of white bamboo bamboo shoots implantation methods

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