CN105638344A - Salt japonica 13 cultivation method - Google Patents

Salt japonica 13 cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105638344A
CN105638344A CN201510963237.4A CN201510963237A CN105638344A CN 105638344 A CN105638344 A CN 105638344A CN 201510963237 A CN201510963237 A CN 201510963237A CN 105638344 A CN105638344 A CN 105638344A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
water
rice
soil
fertilizer
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Application number
CN201510963237.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李进永
郭红
李长亚
张大友
陈玉军
许业
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Yancheng Yandu District Institute Of Agricultural Sciences
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Yancheng Yandu District Institute Of Agricultural Sciences
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Application filed by Yancheng Yandu District Institute Of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Yancheng Yandu District Institute Of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN201510963237.4A priority Critical patent/CN105638344A/en
Publication of CN105638344A publication Critical patent/CN105638344A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/20Cereals
    • A01G22/22Rice

Abstract

The invention discloses a salt japonica 13 cultivation method. The salt japonica cultivation method comprises the following steps of seed processing, sowing procedure conducting, seedbed preparing, sowing, rice seedling bed managing, machine transplanting of rice, land managing, harvesting, data organizing and the like. The cultivation method for a rice variety which is high in quality, yield, filling rate and milled rice rate, early in maturing period and high in lodging resistance is suitable for application and popularization.

Description

A kind of salt round-grained rice No. 13 cultivating methods
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural technology field, it relates to a kind of salt round-grained rice No. 13 cultivating methods.
Background technology
Rice is a kind of very ancient crop, originates in the torrid zone, and the seed rice of cultivation is through the Long-term selection of natural selection and the mankind, comes from the differentiation of wild seed rice, and " " permitted in careful " Shuowen " (121 years Christian eras) just refers to wild-rice. China is one of country that the developing history of cultivated rice is the longest, south China agricultural college fourth grain husk was investigated ancient books from the pre-Qin days, prove the food crop that rice is generally cultivated in basin, two thousand years Qian Yishi China the Yellow River, and according to features such as the natural condition of China's rice workspace, variety type, cultivation system and administrative regions, the whole nation is divided into six rice and does area.
In recent years, there is huge change in Jiangsu Province's conventional japonica rice production application, new rice variety continues to bring out, and in big area agriculture production, output breaks through 9000kg/hm in succession2, the tillage method of people's rice cultivation also there occurs significant change, is progressively changed into machine transplanting of rice seedling by original manual rice transplanting and Direct-seeding Rice is main cultivation mode. Therefore requiring also more and more higher to japonica rice variety, except good quality and high output, grouting speed is fast, rice milling yield height, the ripe phase, early and lodging resistance was strong etc. also whether has the principal element of promotion prospect in agriculture production as weighing rice varieties. At present, it is necessary to a kind of good quality and high output, grouting speed are fast, rice milling yield height, the ripe phase early and the cultivating method of the strong rice varieties of lodging resistance.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem existed to solve in prior art, the present invention provides a kind of salt round-grained rice No. 13 cultivating methods. Its technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of salt round-grained rice No. 13 cultivating methods, comprise the following steps:
1 seedling
1.1 strong seedling indexs
The 15-20 days rice shoot length of time rice seedlings grow, leaf 3-4 in age leaf, seedling base portion stem width 2-2.5mm, radical, 12-15 bar, ground strain dry weight 2.5-3.5mmg up to a hundred, rice shoot packing requires that seedling block is not scattered after mentioning, and rice shoot suitable height is 10-20cm; Require the every square centimeter of seedling 1-2 strain of seedling block simultaneously; Without disease pest and weed;
1.2 floppy disk seedling
1.2.1 seed preparation
Land for growing field crops 3.5��4kg/667m2, bask seeds before broadcasting 1��2d, selects 25% JS399-19, is diluted to 2500 times, seed soaking time 2��3d under normal temperature;
1.2.2 bed soil preparation
The seedling raising ground substance selecting quality excellent, effective replaces bed soil, and general bed soil 25��30d before broadcasting makes nutrition soil; Bed soil selects the dry land soil of fertile loose vegetable garden soil and farming slaking, or autumn ploughing, winter turn over, the paddy soils etc. of spring harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil; Fertile loose vegetable garden soil, can directly be used as bed soil after sieving; Other suitable soil completed to fetch earth in early Febuary, to be applied fertilizer in plot of fetching earth before fetching earth, and even executed the dung polluted water 2000kg/667m that becomes thoroughly decomposed2, and 25% composite fertilizer 60��70kg/667m2, or ammonium sulfate 30kg/667m2, calcium superphosphate 40kg/667m2, Repone K 5kg/667m2;Bed soil is not fostered and apply fertilizer in time, after bed soil pulverizes and sieves, before seedling 2��3d 100kg bed soil added 0.5��0.8kg rice seedling nutrient agent covers for subsequent use with plastic sheeting for farm use after fully mixing thoroughly; Sieving at sowing external crucible soil, fine earth particle diameter must not be greater than 5mm; Sieve and continue heap system after terminating and also cover with plastic sheeting for farm use, concentrate heap vexed, impel the abundant slaking of loam; Land for growing field crops is for nutrition fine earth 100kg/667m2Making bed soil, the another fine earth that sieves for not fostering and apply fertilizer makes lid seed soil;
1.2.3 prepared by seedling Ikeda
Separately, fortune seedling is convenient in selection irrigation and drainage, and the field of convenient operation management is as seedling field; Rice seedling bed and land for growing field crops ratio are preferably 1: 80-1: 100; Before sowing, on 7��10d, plough in water harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil field, and trench digging does plate;
1.2.4 essence makees model
Broadcasting first 3-5 days soaked fields ploughs whole, precipitates after 2 days, and shovel is high flat low, fills and leads up crack with a small amount of fine earth, it is to increase plate face planeness, and fully makes real; Seedling plate gauge lattice are: wide 130��135cm, and length is determined according to field, ditch width 25cm, the dark 15��20cm of ditch; Ditch width 30cm all around, dark 25cm; Seedling plate is carried out rear draining and is dried in the air plate, makes plate face heavy real;
1.2.5 seedling dish prepares
Transplant land for growing field crops and prepare enough floppy disk 28��30/667m2, it is desired to specification: the long 58.0cm of inner chamber, wide 28.0cm, high 2.5cm; Often open floppy disk quality >=40g, hole count 180��240, through-hole rate >=99.5%;
1.2.6 other material
Every 667m2Transplant land for growing field crops for fabric width 2m non-woven fabrics 4.5m;
1.2.7 determine to broadcast the phase
Phase of broadcasting is determined by the of the right age transplanting of the length of time rice seedlings grow 15��20d, generally sows 25��June 5 May;
1.3 sowing programs
1.3.1 moisturizing soil moisture conservation
Before sowing, 1d fills with flat ditch-water, draining rapidly after bed soil fully moisture absorption, or directly with watering can watering before sowing, makes subsoil suction moisture;
1.3.2 paving dish in turn
For making full use of seedling plate and be convenient to seedling, longitudinally horizontally-arranged two row, tile successively, and closely neat between dish, dish discharge overlapping with dish overlap, tries to get to the heart of a matter and fit tightly with bed surface;
Make the bed 1.3.3 even soil
At seedling dish upper berth bed soil, the bed thick 2��2.5cm of soil, thickness is even, and soil face is smooth;
1.3.4 vernalization standard
Artificial seeding's root length is paddy length 1/3, bud length 1/5 to 1/4; According to machine sowing, the seed " broken chest shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally " of 90%, has urged the seed of bud to take out and has dried in the air bud and reach wet inside and dry outside, be beneficial to and all broadcast;
1.3.5 precision drilling
Claim to plant by dish, generally every dish bud paddy 150g; During sowing, gradation is carefully broadcast, and makes every effort to even;
Earthing is spread 1.3.6 even
What use seedling raising ground substance does not spread lid seed soil; Evenly spreading lid seed soil after using the sowing of nutrition soil, thickness of earth covering is advisable with drowning bud paddy, can not be excessively thick; With nutrition soil, can not especially be mixed with the nutrition soil of rice seedling nutrient agent; Unsuitable his-and-hers watches soil watering after earthing, to prevent table soil hardens, impact is emerged;
1.3.7 spray herbicide
Vola water, premature rice Gai Tuhou on seedling bed; Seedling pond is with 35% the third benzyl 100��120m1/667m2Add water 30��40kg even spraying;
1.3.8 non-woven fabrics is sealed
Use non-textile mulch, after building, surrounding is obturaged real; Rice seedling bed surrounding holds the breach that discharges water successfully, should remove the ponding on non-woven fabrics after rain in time;
1.4 young plants management
1.4.1 water management
The full ditch-water of fine day before emerging, cloudy half ditch-water, the rainy day drains water, keeps the moistening non-whitening of card, lack of water moisturizing before emerging; Setting up flat ditch-water before 2 leaf phases after Qi Miao, keep the moistening non-whitening of card, dish soil is moisture breathes freely again, in order to rice shoot packing, can't excessively control water and cause root system injured, and also unsuitable plate face length phase waterflooding, is unfavorable for rice shoot packing;Transplant front 3��4d and control the short root of water;
1.4.2 temperature treatment
Before emerging, seedling panel surface temperature is at 25��30 DEG C daytime, is not less than 15 DEG C evening; As sowing time early or sows rear temperature on average lower than 25 DEG C, it is proposed that add lid mulch film on non-woven fabrics, heat and moisture preserving, promote full stand;
1.4.3 see that seedling applies fertilizer
It is fertile that what bed soil was fostered and apply fertilizer can not execute wean; Bed soil is not fostered and apply fertilizer or seedling is thin in 1 leaf 1 heart phase, broadcasts rear 7d��8d, sets up fertilising after shoaling layer; Seedling Ikeda urea 5��7kg/667m2To water 500kg, water when rice shoot blade tells water in the dusk and execute; Wheat stubble field is for preventing rice shoot too high, and rate of fertilizer application suitably reduces; Transplanting front 2��3d to determine according to leaf look to send the fertilizer application amount transferring fertilizer and application process, leaf look takes off light de-power seedling, with urea 4��4.5kg/667m2Water 200kg is watered at dusk evenly spraying or sprinkle, after executing, spills a clear water; Leaf look normal, blade profile is tall and straight and does not drape over one's shoulders down seedling, uses urea 1��1.5kg/667m2Water 60��70kg is carried out root outer spraying; Leaf look dark green and drapes over one's shoulders seedling under blade, should control fertilizer, control water extraction Gao Miaozhi; Using after sending and transferring fertilizer, rice shoot should be transplanted to land for growing field crops in 3d;
1.4.4 preventing disease pest control
The rice seedling bed phase has mainly prevented small brown rice planthopper, rice thrips, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Kuschel, snout moth's larva; With 25% pymetrozine 24��30ml/667m2, or 60% Ti304 15g/667m2Water 40��50kg is sprayed and prevents and treats; All rice seedling beds 2��3d before transplanting, with 1 medicine, accomplishes that band medicine is gone to the field;
1.4.5 change control in good time
Two leaf stage, if temperature is higher, rainwater is on the high side, and when seedling growth is very fast, the rice shoot that the phase of particularly can not fitting transplants, seedling Ikeda is with 15% paclobutrazol wettable powder 50g/667m2, 1: 2000 times to water even spraying;
2 machine transplanting of rice
2.1 lands for growing field crops are ploughed whole
2.1.1 dry farming water is whole;
Ploughing and select rotary tillage stubble-cutting machine, stubble is buried on stubble-cleaning limit, limit, and the stubble-cleaning degree of depth is that 15��18cm makes every effort to disposable rotary tillage and reaches and bury careless smooth rate more than 80%; Field is showed out the many fields of broken grass, needs artificial suitably drawing to remove, to improve land for growing field crops machine transplanting of rice quality; Carry out dry whole even up after rotary tillage, and carry out and remove ridge weeds, the work of trimming irrigation canals and ditches, ridge; Rake after upturned soil suctions moisture completely after upper water; High-stubble or straw-returning first can directly go up water soaking 2d, then carry out ploughing operation by Tilth Machine of Paddy Burying Stubble;
2.1.2 base manure is used sufficient
Base manure is used according to the factor such as soil productivity, crops for rotation; Before rotary tillage process, 45% high-concentration compound fertilizer 40kg/667m is executed in land for growing field crops2; Phosphorus shortage soil should enrich calcium superphosphate 20kg��25kg/667m2, to the field of wheat stubble straw-returning, 1d before rice transplanting, enriches carbon ammonium 15��20kg/667m2Make leaven, avoid stalk to form biology in rotten process and take nitrogen by force and cause instant nitrogenousfertilizer in soil temporarily to lose and lack;
2.1.3 mud sediment
Between sinking in real time, sandy soil 1d, the general 1��2d of loam, the general 3d of clay;
2.2 rice transplanting
2.2.1 rice transplanter operating condition
The smooth noresidue in face, field, height is poor is no more than 3cm, the dark 8��10cm of standard, and up-thin-low-thick, detailed rules and regulations are not stuck with paste, upper rotten lower reality, and mud do not gathered around by the machine that do not fall into during rice transplanting operation; The heavy Star of mud distinguishes to muddy water, and precipitation does not harden, and water is not muddy clearly; Depth of mud 3��6cm, the depth of water 1��3cm;
2.2.2 rice shoot is started shipment
First slowly breaking a small amount of root system through water seepage hole of trying to get to the heart of a matter when playing seedling, even dribbling seedling is mentioned in the lump, then keeps flat, and then carefully rolls up seedling disk stripping; Should unloading immediately when rice shoot is transported to the edge of a field and keep flat, rice shoot is unfolded naturally, accomplish to be strictly on guard against that burning sun hinders seedling with rising with fortune with inserting, measure of taking to shade prevents rice shoot dehydration to wither;
2.2.3 machine transplanting of rice specification;
Severity control at 1.5��2.5cm, water depth 1��2cm, machine transplanting of rice line-spacing 25cm, within spacing in the rows 12cm, every cave 3��4 seedling, need to manually fill a vacancy when rate of being short of seedling is more than more than 3%, to reach even seedling;
3 field managements
3.1 water starch management
After machine transplanting of rice seedling, take shallow water wetting irrigation for paddy field method, alive of seedling-protection of will pouring water in time after cultivation, water depth 3��4cm; After planting, 2��7d interval is irrigated, and field of suitably drying in the air, takes root vertical seedling; Must guard against long-time deep water, cause root system, seedling heart anoxic, form the stiff seedling even seedling rot of water; Carrying out shallow water duty tillering phase to fill with, water irrigating depth is advisable with 3cm, goes up water again after naturally falling to doing, and so repeatedly, reaches and adjusts object fertile, that coordinate with shortness of breath root, aqueous vapor with water, short early growth and quick tiller of tillering, robust plant, well developed root system; Total seedling number reaches draining when estimating fringe number 85% and puts field, from light to heavy repeated multiple times, puts and does not fall into pin to Tanaka, and the leaf look Huang that falls takes off light, to suppress ineffective tillering and to control basal internode elongation, it is to increase root system vigor; Paddy rice booting, heading stage set up water layer, to protect Floret differentiation and heading flowering; Solid period of being in the milk has a rest upper water, dry wet, in order to foster Gen Baoye, prevents blue or green withered early ageing; Before results, 7d��10d cuts off the water supply;
3.2 fertilizer application
Execute pure nitrogen 22kg/667m2, N: P2O5��K2The ratio of O is 1: 0.5: 0.5, and nitrogenous fertilizer base manure is 6: 4 with the ratio of ear manuer; Base manure made by nitrogenous fertilizer 30% and phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer each 60%; Tillering fertilizer adopts a small amount of method repeatedly; 5��7d after planting, uses urea 7.5kg/667m in conjunction with eliminating2; 10��18d after planting, with urea 6��8kg/667m2; Note catching the yellow pool, short balance simultaneously; Based on short fertilizers for potted flowers, using in phase Spike development beginning, namely use about remainder leaf number 3.2��3.0 leaf, concrete time of application and consumption, depending on the growth of cereal crop seedlings, generally execute 45% high-concentration compound fertilizer 30kg/667m2Add urea 3��5kg/667m2; Protect fertilizers for potted flowers 18��20d before going out fringe, namely use during remainder leaf number 1.5��1.2 leaf, with urea 3��5kg/667m2;
3.3 Pest organism controls
3.3.1 chemical weed control;
5d��7d after the machine transplanting of rice, in conjunction with fertilising 50% benzyl phonetic benzene thiophene acyl 60g/667m2, carry out land for growing field crops and eliminate; To weeds generating capacity still more field, corresponding weedicide can be selected in early July mutually to carry out stem leaf process according to grass, carry out second time and eliminate;
3.3.2 controlling disease;
Banded sclerotial blight in latter stage of tillering cave sickness rate reach 5% or boot stage cave sickness rate reach 10%, with 20% jinggangmeisu 60g/667m2Or 30% benzene first Wocosin 50TK 15��20ml/667m2Water 60kg is sprayed bottom in plant; Cut phase control rice blast, with 70% tricyclazole 30g/667m2Or 40% isoprothiolane missible oil 125mL/667m2To water spray, control 2 times continuously; As grown morbidity in mid-term, then at their early stage, medication prevents and treats;
3.3.3 pest control;
The Sheng phase is incubated, with 40% triazophos 100ml/667m at snout moth's larva ovum2, water 50��60kg is sprayed; In planthopper two, three nymph in age peak period, with 25% pymetrozine 20��30g/667m2Or 60% Ti304 15g/667m2, bottom in plant that water 80��100kg is slightly sprayed;
3.4 results
Avoid the rainy day in the paddy rice yellow maturity phase, after dew is dry, adopts mechanical harvest, raise clean in time;
4 record of production
Omnidistance record production process mesoclimate condition, breeding time, input title dynamic, every of growing and use period, number of times, quantity, crop, quality, file, archives preservation more than 2 years in time.
Preferably, in step 1.1, rice shoot optimum height is 12-15cm.
Preferably, nitrogen in 25% composite fertilizer in step 1.2.2: phosphorus: potassium ratio is 12: 6: 7.
Preferably, nitrogen in 45% high-concentration compound fertilizer in step 2.1.2: phosphorus: potassium is respectively 15: 15: 15.
Preferably, nitrogen in 45% high-concentration compound fertilizer in step 3.2: phosphorus: potassium is respectively 15: 15: 15.
Compared with prior art, the useful effect of the present invention: paddy rice rice yield 650��700kg/667m that cultivating method of the present invention is cultivated2. Output structure 210,000��220,000 fringes/667m2, every total grain panicle number 130��135, setting percentage about 90%, thousand seed weight about 26-27g.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is salt round-grained rice No. 13 cultivating method schemas;
Fig. 2 is the work flow figure of floppy disk seedling.
Embodiment
The technical scheme of the present invention is described further below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
1 seedling
1.1 strong seedling indexs
At the 15-20 days rice shoot length of time rice seedlings grow, leaf 3-4 in age leaf, seedling base portion stem width 2-2.5mm, radical, 12-15 bar, ground strain dry weight 2.5-3.5mmg up to a hundred, rice shoot packing requires that seedling block is not scattered after mentioning, and rice shoot optimum height is 12-15cm, and suitable height is 10-20cm. Require the every square centimeter of seedling 1-2 strain of seedling block simultaneously. Without disease pest and weed.
1.1.1 floppy disk seedling-cultivation technique
The work flow of floppy disk seedling is as shown in Figure 2:
1.2.1 seed preparation.
Meet the regulation of GB4404.1, land for growing field crops 3.5��4kg/667m2. Bask seeds before broadcasting 1��2d, selects 25% JS399-19, is diluted to 2500 times, seed soaking time 2��3d under normal temperature.
1.2.2 bed soil preparation.
The seedling raising ground substance preferentially selecting quality excellent, effective replaces bed soil. General bed soil 25��30d before broadcasting makes nutrition soil. Bed soil selects the dry land soil of fertile loose vegetable garden soil and farming slaking, or autumn ploughing, winter turn over, the paddy soils etc. of spring harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil. Fertile loose vegetable garden soil, can directly be used as bed soil after sieving. Other suitable soil completed to fetch earth in early Febuary, to be applied fertilizer in plot of fetching earth before fetching earth, and even executed the dung polluted water 2000kg/667m that becomes thoroughly decomposed2(forbidding plant ash), and 25% composite fertilizer (nitrogen: phosphorus: potassium ratio is 12: 6: 7) 60��70kg/667m2, or ammonium sulfate 30kg/667m2, calcium superphosphate 40kg/667m2, Repone K 5kg/667m2Deng inorganic fertilizer. Bed soil is not fostered and apply fertilizer in time, after bed soil pulverizes and sieves, before seedling 2��3d 100kg bed soil added 0.5��0.8kg rice seedling nutrient agent covers for subsequent use with plastic sheeting for farm use after fully mixing thoroughly. Sieving at sowing external crucible soil, fine earth particle diameter must not be greater than 5mm. Sieve and continue heap system after terminating and also cover with plastic sheeting for farm use, concentrate heap vexed, impel the abundant slaking of loam. Land for growing field crops is for nutrition fine earth 100kg/667m2Making bed soil, the another fine earth that sieves for not fostering and apply fertilizer makes lid seed soil.
1.2.3 prepared by seedling Ikeda.
Separately, fortune seedling is convenient in selection irrigation and drainage, and the field of convenient operation management is as seedling field. Rice seedling bed and land for growing field crops ratio are preferably 1: 80-1: 100. Before sowing, on 7��10d, plough in water harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil field, and trench digging does plate.
1.2.4 essence makees model.
Broadcasting first 3-5 days soaked fields ploughs whole, precipitates after 2 days, and shovel is high flat low, fills and leads up crack with a small amount of fine earth, it is to increase plate face planeness, and fully makes real. Seedling plate gauge lattice are: wide 130��135cm, and length is determined according to field, ditch width 25cm, the dark 15��20cm of ditch; Ditch width 30cm all around, dark 25cm. Seedling plate is carried out rear draining and is dried in the air plate, makes plate face heavy real.
1.2.5 seedling dish prepares.
Transplant land for growing field crops and prepare enough floppy disk 28��30/667m2, it is desired to specification: the long 58.Ocm of inner chamber, wide 28.0cm, high 2.5cm.Often open floppy disk quality >=40g, hole count 180��240, through-hole rate >=99.5%.
1.2.6 other material.
Every 667m2Transplant land for growing field crops for fabric width 2m non-woven fabrics 4.5m.
1.2.7 determine the phase of retouching.
Phase of broadcasting is determined by the of the right age transplanting of the length of time rice seedlings grow 15��20d, grasps " would rather the seedling such as field, don't the field such as seedling " principle, generally sows 25��June 5 May.
1.3 sowing programs
1.3.1 moisturizing soil moisture conservation.
Before sowing, 1d fills with flat ditch-water, draining rapidly after bed soil fully moisture absorption, also directly with watering can watering before sowing, subsoil can be made to suction moisture.
1.3.2 paving dish in turn.
For making full use of seedling plate and be convenient to seedling, longitudinally horizontally-arranged two row, tile successively, and closely neat between dish, dish discharge overlapping with dish overlap, tries to get to the heart of a matter and fit tightly with bed surface.
1.3.3 even soil of making the bed (matrix).
At seedling dish upper berth bed soil, bed soil (matrix) thick 2��2.5cm, thickness is even, and soil face is smooth.
2.3.4 vernalization standard.
Artificial seeding's root length is paddy length 1/3, bud length 1/5 to 1/4; According to machine sowing, the seed " broken chest shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally " of 90%, has urged the seed of bud to take out and has dried in the air bud and reach wet inside and dry outside, be beneficial to and all broadcast.
1.3.5 precision drilling.
Claim to plant by dish, generally every dish bud paddy about 150g. During sowing, gradation is carefully broadcast, and makes every effort to even.
Earthing is spread 1.3.6 even.
What use seedling raising ground substance does not spread lid seed soil. Evenly spreading lid seed soil after using the sowing of nutrition soil, thickness of earth covering is advisable with drowning bud paddy, can not be excessively thick. With nutrition soil, can not especially be mixed with the nutrition soil of rice seedling nutrient agent. Unsuitable his-and-hers watches soil watering after earthing, to prevent table soil hardens, impact is emerged.
1.3.7 spray herbicide.
Vola water, premature rice Gai Tuhou on seedling bed. Seedling pond is with 35% the third benzyl 100��120ml/667m2Add water 30��40kg even spraying.
1.3.8 non-woven fabrics is sealed.
Use non-textile mulch, after building, surrounding is obturaged real. Rice seedling bed surrounding holds the breach that discharges water successfully, should remove the ponding on non-woven fabrics after rain in time.
1.4 young plants management
1.4.1 water management.
The full ditch-water of fine day before emerging, cloudy half ditch-water, the rainy day drains water, keeps the moistening non-whitening of card, lack of water moisturizing before emerging; Setting up flat ditch-water before 2 leaf phases after Qi Miao, keep the moistening non-whitening of card, dish soil is moisture breathes freely again, in order to rice shoot packing, can't excessively control water and cause root system injured, and also unsuitable plate face length phase waterflooding, is unfavorable for rice shoot packing. Transplant front 3��4d and control the short root of water.
1.4.2 temperature treatment.
Before emerging, seedling panel surface temperature is at 25��30 DEG C daytime, is not less than 15 DEG C evening. As sowing time early or sows rear temperature on average lower than 25. C, it is proposed that add lid mulch film on non-woven fabrics, heat and moisture preserving, promotes full stand.
1.4.3 see that seedling applies fertilizer.
It is fertile that what bed soil was fostered and apply fertilizer can not execute wean. The fertilising after 1 leaf 1 heart phase (broadcasting rear 7d��8d) set up shoaling layer that bed soil is not fostered and apply fertilizer or seedling is thin. Seedling Ikeda urea 5��7kg/667m2To water 500kg, water when rice shoot blade tells water in the dusk and execute. Wheat stubble field is for preventing rice shoot too high, and rate of fertilizer application can suitably reduce. Transplanting front 2��3d to determine according to leaf look to send the fertilizer application amount transferring fertilizer and application process, leaf look takes off light de-power seedling, with urea 4��4.5kg/667m2Water 200kg is watered at dusk evenly spraying or sprinkle, after executing, spills a clear water; Leaf look normal, blade profile is tall and straight and does not drape over one's shoulders down seedling, uses urea 1��1.5kg/667m2Water 60��70kg is carried out root outer spraying; Leaf look dark green and drapes over one's shoulders seedling under blade, should control fertilizer, control water extraction Gao Miaozhi. Using after sending and transferring fertilizer, rice shoot should be transplanted to land for growing field crops in 3d.
1.4.4 preventing disease pest control.
The rice seedling bed phase has mainly prevented small brown rice planthopper, rice thrips, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Kuschel, snout moth's larva etc. With 25% pymetrozine 24��30ml/667m2, or 60% Ti304 15g/667m2Water 40��50kg is sprayed and prevents and treats. All rice seedling beds 2��3d before transplanting, with 1 medicine, accomplishes that band medicine is gone to the field.
1.4.5 change control in good time.
Two leaf stage, if temperature is higher, rainwater is on the high side, and when seedling growth is very fast, the rice shoot that the phase of particularly can not fitting transplants, seedling Ikeda is with 15% paclobutrazol wettable powder 50g/667m2, 1: 2000 times to water even spraying.
2 machine transplanting of rice
2.1 lands for growing field crops are ploughed whole
2.1.1 dry farming water is whole.
Ploughing and select rotary tillage stubble-cutting machine, stubble is buried on stubble-cleaning limit, limit, and the stubble-cleaning degree of depth is 15��18cm. Make every effort to disposable rotary tillage reach and bury careless smooth rate more than 80%. Field is showed out the many fields of broken grass, needs artificial suitably drawing to remove, to improve land for growing field crops machine transplanting of rice quality. Carry out dry whole even up after rotary tillage, and carry out and remove ridge weeds, the trimming work such as irrigation canals and ditches, ridge. Rake after upturned soil suctions moisture completely after upper water. High-stubble or straw-returning first can directly go up water soaking 2d, then carry out ploughing operation by Tilth Machine of Paddy Burying Stubble.
2.1.2 base manure is used sufficient.
Base manure is used according to the factor such as soil productivity, crops for rotation. Before rotary tillage process, 45% high-concentration compound fertilizer 40kg/667m is executed in land for growing field crops2(nitrogen: phosphorus: potassium is respectively 15: 15: 15). Phosphorus shortage soil should enrich calcium superphosphate 20kg��25kg/667m2, to the field of wheat stubble straw-returning, 1d before rice transplanting, enriches carbon ammonium 15��20kg/667m2Make leaven, avoid stalk to form biology in rotten process and take nitrogen by force and cause instant nitrogenousfertilizer in soil temporarily to lose and lack.
2.1.3 mud sediment.
Between sinking in real time, sandy soil about 1d, the general 1��2d of loam, general about the 3d of clay.
2.2 rice transplanting
2.2.1 rice transplanter operating condition.
The smooth noresidue in face, field, height is poor is no more than 3cm, the dark 8��10cm of standard, and up-thin-low-thick, detailed rules and regulations are not stuck with paste, upper rotten lower reality, and mud do not gathered around by the machine that do not fall into during rice transplanting operation. The heavy Star of mud distinguishes to muddy water, and precipitation does not harden, and water is not muddy clearly. Depth of mud 3��6cm, the depth of water 1��3cm.
2.2.2 rice shoot is started shipment.
First slowly breaking a small amount of root system through water seepage hole of trying to get to the heart of a matter when playing seedling, even dribbling seedling is mentioned in the lump, then keeps flat, and then carefully rolls up seedling disk stripping. Should unloading immediately when rice shoot is transported to the edge of a field and keep flat, rice shoot is unfolded naturally, accomplish to be strictly on guard against that burning sun hinders seedling with rising with fortune with inserting, measure of taking to shade prevents rice shoot dehydration to wither.
2.2.3 machine transplanting of rice specification.
Severity control is at 1.5��2.5cm, water depth 1��2cm, and machine transplanting of rice line-spacing 25cm, within spacing in the rows 12cm, every cave 3��4 seedling, need to manually fill a vacancy when rate of being short of seedling is more than more than 3%, to reach even seedling.
3 field managements
3.1 water starch management.
After machine transplanting of rice seedling, take shallow water wetting irrigation for paddy field method, alive of seedling-protection of will pouring water in time after cultivation, water depth 3��4cm. After planting, 2��7d interval is irrigated, and field of suitably drying in the air, takes root vertical seedling. Must guard against long-time deep water, cause root system, seedling heart anoxic, form the stiff seedling even seedling rot of water. Carrying out shallow water duty tillering phase to fill with, water irrigating depth is advisable with 3cm, goes up water again after naturally falling to doing, and so repeatedly, reaches and adjusts object fertile, that coordinate with shortness of breath root, aqueous vapor with water, short early growth and quick tiller of tillering, robust plant, well developed root system. Total seedling number reaches draining when estimating fringe number 85% and puts field, from light to heavy repeated multiple times, puts and does not fall into pin to Tanaka, and the leaf look Huang that falls takes off light, to suppress ineffective tillering and to control basal internode elongation, it is to increase root system vigor. Paddy rice booting, heading stage set up water layer, to protect Floret differentiation and heading flowering. Solid period of being in the milk has a rest upper water, dry wet, in order to foster Gen Baoye, prevents blue or green withered early ageing. Before results, 7d��10d cuts off the water supply.
3.2 fertilizer application.
Execute pure nitrogen 22kg/667m2Left and right, N: P2O5��K2The ratio of O is 1: 0.5: 0.5. Nitrogenous fertilizer base (tiller) ratio that is fertile and ear manuer is 6: 4. Base manure made by nitrogenous fertilizer 30% and phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer each 60%. Tillering fertilizer adopts a small amount of method repeatedly. 5��7d after planting, uses urea 7.5kg/667m in conjunction with eliminating2; 10��18d after planting, with urea 6��8kg/667m2; Note catching the yellow pool, short balance simultaneously. Based on short fertilizers for potted flowers, using in phase Spike development beginning, namely use about remainder leaf number 3.2��3.0 leaf, concrete time of application and consumption, depending on the growth of cereal crop seedlings, generally execute 45% high-concentration compound fertilizer (nitrogen: phosphorus: potassium is respectively 15: 15: 15) 30kg/667m2Add urea 3��5kg/667m2. Protect fertilizers for potted flowers 18��20d before going out fringe, namely use during remainder leaf number 1.5��1.2 leaf, with urea 3��5kg/667m2��
3.3 Pest organism controls.
Adhere to the principle of " putting prevention first, integrated control ".
3.3.1 chemical weed control.
5d��7d after the machine transplanting of rice, in conjunction with fertilising 50% benzyl phonetic benzene thiophene acyl 60g/667m2, carry out land for growing field crops and eliminate. To weeds generating capacity still more field, corresponding weedicide can be selected in early July mutually to carry out stem leaf process according to grass, carry out second time and eliminate.
3.3.2 controlling disease.
Banded sclerotial blight in latter stage of tillering cave sickness rate reach 5% or boot stage cave sickness rate reach 10%, with 20% jinggangmeisu 60g/667m2Or 30% benzene first Wocosin 50TK 15��20ml/667m2Water 60kg is sprayed bottom in plant. Cut phase control rice blast, with 70% tricyclazole 30g/667m2Or 40% isoprothiolane missible oil 125mL/667m2To water spray, control 2 times continuously; As grown morbidity in mid-term, then at their early stage, medication prevents and treats.
3.3.3 pest control.
The Sheng phase is incubated, with 40% triazophos 100ml/667m at snout moth's larva ovum2, water 50��60kg is sprayed. In planthopper two, three nymph in age peak period, with 25% pymetrozine 20��30g/667m2Or 60% Ti304 15g/667m2, bottom in plant that water 80��100kg is slightly sprayed.
3.4 results
Avoid the rainy day in the paddy rice yellow maturity phase, after dew is dry, adopts mechanical harvest, raise clean in time.
4 record of production
Omnidistance record production process mesoclimate condition, breeding time, input title dynamic, every of growing and use period, number of times, quantity, crop, quality etc., file, archives preservation more than 2 years in time.
Genetic resources force fortune No. 10, the round-grained rice 21/ salt round-grained rice that the present invention relates to is collected in Jiangsu Province, China.
The above, be only best mode for carrying out the invention, any is familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope of present disclosure, and the simple change of the technical scheme that can obtain apparently or equivalence are replaced and all fallen within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a salt round-grained rice No. 13 cultivating methods, it is characterised in that, comprise the following steps:
1 seedling
1.1 strong seedling indexs
The 15-20 days rice shoot length of time rice seedlings grow, leaf 3-4 in age leaf, seedling base portion stem width 2-2.5mm, radical, 12-15 bar, ground strain dry weight 2.5-3.5mmg up to a hundred, rice shoot packing requires that seedling block is not scattered after mentioning, and rice shoot suitable height is 10-20cm; Require the every square centimeter of seedling 1-2 strain of seedling block simultaneously; Without disease pest and weed;
1.2 floppy disk seedling
1.2.1 seed preparation
Land for growing field crops 3.5��4kg/667m2, bask seeds before broadcasting 1��2d, selects 25% JS399-19, is diluted to 2500 times, seed soaking time 2��3d under normal temperature;
1.2.2 bed soil preparation
The seedling raising ground substance selecting quality excellent, effective replaces bed soil, and general bed soil 25��30d before broadcasting makes nutrition soil;Bed soil selects the dry land soil of fertile loose vegetable garden soil and farming slaking, or autumn ploughing, winter turn over, the paddy soils etc. of spring harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil; Fertile loose vegetable garden soil, can directly be used as bed soil after sieving; Other suitable soil completed to fetch earth in early Febuary, to be applied fertilizer in plot of fetching earth before fetching earth, and even executed the dung polluted water 2000kg/667m that becomes thoroughly decomposed2, and 25% composite fertilizer 60��70kg/667m2, or ammonium sulfate 30kg/667m2, calcium superphosphate 40kg/667m2, Repone K 5kg/667m2; Bed soil is not fostered and apply fertilizer in time, after bed soil pulverizes and sieves, before seedling 2��3d 100kg bed soil added 0.5��0.8kg rice seedling nutrient agent covers for subsequent use with plastic sheeting for farm use after fully mixing thoroughly; Sieving at sowing external crucible soil, fine earth particle diameter must not be greater than 5mm; Sieve and continue heap system after terminating and also cover with plastic sheeting for farm use, concentrate heap vexed, impel the abundant slaking of loam; Land for growing field crops is for nutrition fine earth 100kg/667m2Making bed soil, the another fine earth that sieves for not fostering and apply fertilizer makes lid seed soil;
1.2.3 prepared by seedling Ikeda
Separately, fortune seedling is convenient in selection irrigation and drainage, and the field of convenient operation management is as seedling field; Rice seedling bed and land for growing field crops ratio are preferably 1: 80-1: 100; Before sowing, on 7��10d, plough in water harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil field, and trench digging does plate;
1.2.4 essence makees model
Broadcasting first 3-5 days soaked fields ploughs whole, precipitates after 2 days, and shovel is high flat low, fills and leads up crack with a small amount of fine earth, it is to increase plate face planeness, and fully makes real; Seedling plate gauge lattice are: wide 130��135cm, and length is determined according to field, ditch width 25cm, the dark 15��20cm of ditch; Ditch width 30cm all around, dark 25cm; Seedling plate is carried out rear draining and is dried in the air plate, makes plate face heavy real;
1.2.5 seedling dish prepares
Transplant land for growing field crops and prepare enough floppy disk 28��30/667m2, it is desired to specification: the long 58.0cm of inner chamber, wide 28.0cm, high 2.5cm; Often open floppy disk quality >=40g, hole count 180��240, through-hole rate >=99.5%;
1.2.6 other material
Every 667m2Transplant land for growing field crops for fabric width 2m non-woven fabrics 4.5m;
1.2.7 determine to broadcast the phase
Phase of broadcasting is determined by the of the right age transplanting of the length of time rice seedlings grow 15��20d, generally sows 25��June 5 May;
1.3 sowing programs
1.3.1 moisturizing soil moisture conservation
Before sowing, 1d fills with flat ditch-water, draining rapidly after bed soil fully moisture absorption, or directly with watering can watering before sowing, makes subsoil suction moisture;
1.3.2 paving dish in turn
For making full use of seedling plate and be convenient to seedling, longitudinally horizontally-arranged two row, tile successively, and closely neat between dish, dish discharge overlapping with dish overlap, tries to get to the heart of a matter and fit tightly with bed surface;
Make the bed 1.3.3 even soil
At seedling dish upper berth bed soil, the bed thick 2��2.5cm of soil, thickness is even, and soil face is smooth;
1.3.4 vernalization standard
Artificial seeding's root length is paddy length 1/3, bud length 1/5 to 1/4; According to machine sowing, the seed " broken chest shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally " of 90%, has urged the seed of bud to take out and has dried in the air bud and reach wet inside and dry outside, be beneficial to and all broadcast;
1.3.5 precision drilling
Claim to plant by dish, generally every dish bud paddy 150g; During sowing, gradation is carefully broadcast, and makes every effort to even;
Earthing is spread 1.3.6 even
What use seedling raising ground substance does not spread lid seed soil; Evenly spreading lid seed soil after using the sowing of nutrition soil, thickness of earth covering is advisable with drowning bud paddy, can not be excessively thick; With nutrition soil, can not especially be mixed with the nutrition soil of rice seedling nutrient agent; Unsuitable his-and-hers watches soil watering after earthing, to prevent table soil hardens, impact is emerged;
1.3.7 spray herbicide
Vola water, premature rice Gai Tuhou on seedling bed; Seedling pond is with 35% the third benzyl 100��120ml/667m2Add water 30��40kg even spraying;
1.3.8 non-woven fabrics is sealed
Use non-textile mulch, after building, surrounding is obturaged real;Rice seedling bed surrounding holds the breach that discharges water successfully, should remove the ponding on non-woven fabrics after rain in time;
1.4 young plants management
1.4.1 water management
The full ditch-water of fine day before emerging, cloudy half ditch-water, the rainy day drains water, keeps the moistening non-whitening of card, lack of water moisturizing before emerging; Setting up flat ditch-water before 2 leaf phases after Qi Miao, keep the moistening non-whitening of card, dish soil is moisture breathes freely again, in order to rice shoot packing, can't excessively control water and cause root system injured, and also unsuitable plate face length phase waterflooding, is unfavorable for rice shoot packing; Transplant front 3��4d and control the short root of water;
1.4.2 temperature treatment
Before emerging, seedling panel surface temperature is at 25��30 DEG C daytime, is not less than 15 DEG C evening; As sowing time early or sows rear temperature on average lower than 25 DEG C, it is proposed that add lid mulch film on non-woven fabrics, heat and moisture preserving, promote full stand;
1.4.3 see that seedling applies fertilizer
It is fertile that what bed soil was fostered and apply fertilizer can not execute wean; Bed soil is not fostered and apply fertilizer or seedling is thin in 1 leaf 1 heart phase, broadcasts rear 7d��8d, sets up fertilising after shoaling layer; Seedling Ikeda urea 5��7kg/667m2To water 500kg, water when rice shoot blade tells water in the dusk and execute; Wheat stubble field is for preventing rice shoot too high, and rate of fertilizer application suitably reduces; Transplanting front 2��3d to determine according to leaf look to send the fertilizer application amount transferring fertilizer and application process, leaf look takes off light de-power seedling, with urea 4��4.5kg/667m2Water 200kg is watered at dusk evenly spraying or sprinkle, after executing, spills a clear water; Leaf look normal, blade profile is tall and straight and does not drape over one's shoulders down seedling, uses urea 1��1.5kg/667m2Water 60��70kg is carried out root outer spraying; Leaf look dark green and drapes over one's shoulders seedling under blade, should control fertilizer, control water extraction Gao Miaozhi; Using after sending and transferring fertilizer, rice shoot should be transplanted to land for growing field crops in 3d;
1.4.4 preventing disease pest control
The rice seedling bed phase has mainly prevented small brown rice planthopper, rice thrips, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Kuschel, snout moth's larva; With 25% pymetrozine 24��30ml/667m2, or 60% Ti304 15g/667m2Water 40��50kg is sprayed and prevents and treats; All rice seedling beds 2��3d before transplanting, with 1 medicine, accomplishes that band medicine is gone to the field;
1.4.5 change control in good time
Two leaf stage, if temperature is higher, rainwater is on the high side, and when seedling growth is very fast, the rice shoot that the phase of particularly can not fitting transplants, seedling Ikeda is with 15% paclobutrazol wettable powder 50g/667m2, 1: 2000 times to water even spraying;
2 machine transplanting of rice
2.1 lands for growing field crops are ploughed whole
2.1.1 dry farming water is whole;
Ploughing and select rotary tillage stubble-cutting machine, stubble is buried on stubble-cleaning limit, limit, and the stubble-cleaning degree of depth is 15��18cm; Make every effort to disposable rotary tillage reach and bury careless smooth rate more than 80%; Field is showed out the many fields of broken grass, needs artificial suitably drawing to remove, to improve land for growing field crops machine transplanting of rice quality; Carry out dry whole even up after rotary tillage, and carry out and remove ridge weeds, the work of trimming irrigation canals and ditches, ridge; Rake after upturned soil suctions moisture completely after upper water; High-stubble or straw-returning first can directly go up water soaking 2d, then carry out ploughing operation by Tilth Machine of Paddy Burying Stubble;
2.1.2 base manure is used sufficient
Base manure is used according to the factor such as soil productivity, crops for rotation; Before rotary tillage process, 45% high-concentration compound fertilizer 40kg/667m is executed in land for growing field crops2; Phosphorus shortage soil should enrich calcium superphosphate 20kg��25kg/667m2, to the field of wheat stubble straw-returning, 1d before rice transplanting, enriches carbon ammonium 15��20kg/667m2Make leaven, avoid stalk to form biology in rotten process and take nitrogen by force and cause instant nitrogenousfertilizer in soil temporarily to lose and lack;
2.1.3 mud sediment
Between sinking in real time, sandy soil 1d, the general 1��2d of loam, the general 3d of clay;
2.2 rice transplanting
2.2.1 rice transplanter operating condition
The smooth noresidue in face, field, height is poor is no more than 3cm, the dark 8��10cm of standard, and up-thin-low-thick, detailed rules and regulations are not stuck with paste, upper rotten lower reality, and mud do not gathered around by the machine that do not fall into during rice transplanting operation;The heavy Star of mud distinguishes to muddy water, and precipitation does not harden, and water is not muddy clearly; Depth of mud 3��6cm, the depth of water 1��3cm;
2.2.2 rice shoot is started shipment
First slowly breaking a small amount of root system through water seepage hole of trying to get to the heart of a matter when playing seedling, even dribbling seedling is mentioned in the lump, then keeps flat, and then carefully rolls up seedling disk stripping; Should unloading immediately when rice shoot is transported to the edge of a field and keep flat, rice shoot is unfolded naturally, accomplish to be strictly on guard against that burning sun hinders seedling with rising with fortune with inserting, measure of taking to shade prevents rice shoot dehydration to wither;
2.2.3 machine transplanting of rice specification;
Severity control at 1.5��2.5cm, water depth 1��2cm, machine transplanting of rice line-spacing 25cm, within spacing in the rows 12cm, every cave 3��4 seedling, need to manually fill a vacancy when rate of being short of seedling is more than more than 3%, to reach even seedling;
3 field managements
3.1 water starch management
After machine transplanting of rice seedling, take shallow water wetting irrigation for paddy field method, alive of seedling-protection of will pouring water in time after cultivation, water depth 3��4cm; After planting, 2��7d interval is irrigated, and field of suitably drying in the air, takes root vertical seedling; Must guard against long-time deep water, cause root system, seedling heart anoxic, form the stiff seedling even seedling rot of water; Carrying out shallow water duty tillering phase to fill with, water irrigating depth is advisable with 3cm, goes up water again after naturally falling to doing, and so repeatedly, reaches and adjusts object fertile, that coordinate with shortness of breath root, aqueous vapor with water, short early growth and quick tiller of tillering, robust plant, well developed root system; Total seedling number reaches draining when estimating fringe number 85% and puts field, from light to heavy repeated multiple times, puts and does not fall into pin to Tanaka, and the leaf look Huang that falls takes off light, to suppress ineffective tillering and to control basal internode elongation, it is to increase root system vigor; Paddy rice booting, heading stage set up water layer, to protect Floret differentiation and heading flowering; Solid period of being in the milk has a rest upper water, dry wet, in order to foster Gen Baoye, prevents blue or green withered early ageing; Before results, 7d��10d cuts off the water supply;
3.2 fertilizer application
Execute pure nitrogen 22kg/667m2, N: P2O5��K2The ratio of O is 1: 0.5: 0.5, and nitrogenous fertilizer base manure is 6: 4 with the ratio of ear manuer; Base manure made by nitrogenous fertilizer 30% and phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer each 60%; Tillering fertilizer adopts a small amount of method repeatedly; 5��7d after planting, uses urea 7.5kg/667m in conjunction with eliminating2; 10��18d after planting, with urea 6��8kg/667m2; Note catching the yellow pool, short balance simultaneously; Based on short fertilizers for potted flowers, using in phase Spike development beginning, namely use about remainder leaf number 3.2��3.0 leaf, concrete time of application and consumption, depending on the growth of cereal crop seedlings, generally execute 45% high-concentration compound fertilizer 30kg/667m2Add urea 3��5kg/667m2; Protect fertilizers for potted flowers 18��20d before going out fringe, namely use during remainder leaf number 1.5��1.2 leaf, with urea 3��5kg/667m2;
3.3 Pest organism controls
3.3.1 chemical weed control;
5d��7d after the machine transplanting of rice, in conjunction with fertilising 50% benzyl phonetic benzene thiophene acyl 60g/667m2, carry out land for growing field crops and eliminate; To weeds generating capacity still more field, corresponding weedicide can be selected in early July mutually to carry out stem leaf process according to grass, carry out second time and eliminate;
3.3.2 controlling disease; Banded sclerotial blight in latter stage of tillering cave sickness rate reach 5% or boot stage cave sickness rate reach 10%, with 20% jinggangmeisu 60g/667m2Or 30% benzene first Wocosin 50TK 15��20ml/667m2Water 60kg is sprayed bottom in plant; Cut phase control rice blast, with 70% tricyclazole 30g/667m2Or 40% isoprothiolane missible oil 125mL/667m2To water spray, control 2 times continuously; As grown morbidity in mid-term, then at their early stage, medication prevents and treats;
3.3.3 pest control;
The Sheng phase is incubated, with 40% triazophos 100ml/667m at snout moth's larva ovum2, water 50��60kg is sprayed; In planthopper two, three nymph in age peak period, with 25% pymetrozine 20��30g/667m2Or 60% Ti304 15g/667m2, bottom in plant that water 80��100kg is slightly sprayed;
3.4 results
Avoid the rainy day in the paddy rice yellow maturity phase, after dew is dry, adopts mechanical harvest, raise clean in time;
4 record of production
Omnidistance record production process mesoclimate condition, breeding time, input title dynamic, every of growing and use period, number of times, quantity, crop, quality, file, archives preservation more than 2 years in time.
2. salt round-grained rice according to claim 1 No. 13 cultivating methods, it is characterised in that, in step 1.1, rice shoot optimum height is 12-15cm.
3. salt round-grained rice according to claim 1 No. 13 cultivating methods, it is characterised in that, nitrogen in 25% composite fertilizer in step 1.2.2: phosphorus: potassium ratio is 12: 6: 7.
4. salt round-grained rice according to claim 1 No. 13 cultivating methods, it is characterised in that, nitrogen in 45% high-concentration compound fertilizer in step 2.1.2: phosphorus: potassium is respectively 15: 15: 15.
5. salt round-grained rice according to claim 1 No. 13 cultivating methods, it is characterised in that, nitrogen in 45% high-concentration compound fertilizer in step 3.2: phosphorus: potassium is respectively 15: 15: 15.
CN201510963237.4A 2015-12-16 2015-12-16 Salt japonica 13 cultivation method Pending CN105638344A (en)

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CN109511305A (en) * 2017-09-18 2019-03-26 沈阳市北星水稻研究所 A kind of disease resisting rice implantation methods
CN109588170A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-04-09 福建农林大学 A method of for rice field green prevention and control rice small brown rice planthopper
CN110050694A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-07-26 武汉庆发禾盛农业发展有限公司 A kind of selection of high-yield disease resisting hybrid rice
CN111053008A (en) * 2020-01-06 2020-04-24 盐城市盐都区农业科学研究所 Method for planting ratoon rice in coastal region
CN111084064A (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-05-01 江西省农业技术推广总站 Japonica rice cultivation method
WO2021114655A1 (en) * 2019-12-10 2021-06-17 湘西盛世御品农业发展有限公司 Method for high-yield planting and cultivating of kesha tribute rice

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109511305A (en) * 2017-09-18 2019-03-26 沈阳市北星水稻研究所 A kind of disease resisting rice implantation methods
CN109588170A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-04-09 福建农林大学 A method of for rice field green prevention and control rice small brown rice planthopper
CN109588170B (en) * 2018-12-20 2021-04-09 福建农林大学 Method for green prevention and control of rice plant hopper in rice field
CN110050694A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-07-26 武汉庆发禾盛农业发展有限公司 A kind of selection of high-yield disease resisting hybrid rice
WO2021114655A1 (en) * 2019-12-10 2021-06-17 湘西盛世御品农业发展有限公司 Method for high-yield planting and cultivating of kesha tribute rice
CN111084064A (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-05-01 江西省农业技术推广总站 Japonica rice cultivation method
CN111053008A (en) * 2020-01-06 2020-04-24 盐城市盐都区农业科学研究所 Method for planting ratoon rice in coastal region

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