CN105076753A - Method for preparing cattle and sheep feed by fermenting bagasse - Google Patents

Method for preparing cattle and sheep feed by fermenting bagasse Download PDF

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CN105076753A
CN105076753A CN201510421658.4A CN201510421658A CN105076753A CN 105076753 A CN105076753 A CN 105076753A CN 201510421658 A CN201510421658 A CN 201510421658A CN 105076753 A CN105076753 A CN 105076753A
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cattle
feed
bagasse
sheep
parts
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黄吉森
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

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Abstract

The invention relates to a cattle and sheep feed, in particular to a method for preparing the cattle and sheep feed by fermenting bagasse. The cattle and sheep feed is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 70-80 parts of bagasse, 10-15 parts of molasses, 8-12 parts of a fermenting agent, 10-20 parts of food grain feed, 0.5-2 parts of non-protein nitrogen, and 0.5-1.0 part of table salt. The fermenting agent is produced by cultivating and compounding 15%-20% of candida utilis, 8%-14% of bacillus subtilis, 8%-12% of trichoderma viride, 5%-10% of bacillus natto, and 3%-7% of bacillus licheniformis. The technical scheme of the invention that a by-product, i.e., the bagasse, in a sugar refinery is fermented for preparing the cattle and sheep feed belongs to a project for reusing scraps and turning waste into wealth without discharging waste residues, so that the cattle and sheep feed is environment-friendly. The making method is simple, and the cost is low; the cattle and sheep feed which is prepared through fermentation is comprehensive in nutrition, is moderate in fragrant and sweet degrees, and improves the appetite of cattle and sheep. The cattle and the sheep love eating the cattle and sheep feed, and are high in growth speed.

Description

Bagasse fermentation is for the method for cattle and sheep feed
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cattle and sheep feed, be specifically related to the method for a kind of bagasse fermentation for cattle and sheep feed.
Background technology
In recent years, along with developing rapidly of cowboying sheep aquaculture, various cattle and sheep feed also develops rapidly thereupon, the various cattle and sheep hay varieties of current market are various, act on different, wherein cattle and sheep are not identical to the requirement of nutrition in different growths, physiological periods, and its feed of feeding can not be the same, needs to prepare especially.Excavate the nutritive potential of feed, scientific and reasonablely utilize feed, improve constantly food utilization efficiency, not only can reduce the feed cost that cowboying sheep produces, and the nutritional cost of cowboying sheep production can be reduced, save feed, thus improve efficiency and the benefit of the production of cowboying sheep, promote the development of cowboying sheep industry.How Appropriate application feed resource, science processing feed, play conclusive effect to the development of cowboying sheep husbandry.And in the improvement of cattle and sheep feed, current open source literature reports method, such as:
1, Chinese patent, title: rice straw is milk cow replacement cattle TMR fermented feed and the preparation thereof of raw material, Application Number (patent): CN20l0l0578138.1 applies for (patent right) people: Shanghai Dairy Research Institute, summary: the present invention relates to a kind of take rice straw as milk cow replacement cattle TMR fermented feed of raw material and preparation method thereof, and the component of its mass parts comprises: silage corn 300-500 parts, rice straw 350-500 parts, basestocks l00-150 part, 30-80 parts, molasses, nonprotein nitrogen l0-20 part, leavening l part and anti-virus agent l-5 part; Stir and evenly mix laggard luggage bag fermentation process through mixer, produce milk cow replacement cattle fermentation TMR feed.Present invention improves rice straw palatability, improve digestibility, have additional nutrients value, stops parasite and pollute, improve enzymolysis ability; Significantly improve the biology utilization rate of the feed nutrient of rice straw, thus reduce replacement cattle feed cost, but feeding effect is constant, has a good application prospect.
2, Chinese patent, title: a kind of beef cattle forage and preparation method thereof, Application Number (patent): 2013l0l05632.X applies for (patent right) people: Bangbu great achievement Food Co., Ltd, summary: the invention discloses a kind of beef cattle forage and preparation method thereof, it is made up of the raw material of following weight parts: sugarcane stalk 45-55, silphium perfoliatum L 25-30, Banana Leaf 20-25, peanut seedling 15-20, blackstrap l0-15, beer groove l0-20, megasse l0-15, leavening 1-2, pearling cone meal 40-50, maize peel 20-30, peanut meal 15-25, soft sweets additive 4-6, sunflower disk meal 3-5, diatomite 5-l0, chestnut rice bran oil 3-6, sodium alginate 2-4, calcium monohydrogen phosphate l-1.5, sodium acid carbonate 0.5-l, salt 0.3-0.5.Feed of the present invention contains the various nutrition required for finished cattle growth, while its healthy production of guarantee, additionally provides the value of health care, improves the speed of growth of finished cattle.
3, Chinese patent, title: cassava cauline leaf produces method and the product of the full hybrid particles feed of cattle and sheep, Application Number (patent): 2013l0442446.5 applies for (patent right) people: Institute of Agro-Products Processing Science and Technology, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Academy af Agricultural Sciences, summary: the present invention discloses a kind of cattle and sheep feed, and it consists of: cassava cauline leaf 15-20%; Corn 40 one 50%; Dregs of beans 15-20%; Rice bran or wheat drum 15-20%; Compound amino acid 2-4%; Trace element O.2 one O.5%.Its production method is with pair roller type pulverizer process cassava cauline leaf, adds sodium thiosulfate, after mixing; be dried to moisture content under hot blast and be less than 20%, then pulverize with beater disintegrating machine, cross lOO mesh sieve; proportionally add various material; mix, add suitable quantity of water, mix; use feeding stuff cuber granulation; under hot blast, be dried to moisture content be less than 8%, be cooled to room temperature, pack and obtain.This cassava cauline leaf produces the full hybrid particles feed nutrition balance of cattle and sheep, and energy content is suitable for, and vitamin c can not lose, and color and luster, fragrant, palatability are better.Can be used for the cattle and sheep of growing period, disease-resistant rate improves, and hair color, fat type are better, improves the production efficiency of cattle and sheep.
According to the difference of raw material and object in prior art, devise a series of feed formula, but have some limitations because of its object and adaptation etc., the growth needs of ox, sheep cannot be met completely.Therefore, need in cattle and sheep feed and additive thereof further perfect.
Guangxi is that China first produces the large province of sugar, its sugarcane acreage reaches more than 1,300 ten thousand mu, sugarcane top is about 1,560 ten thousand tons, bagasse is 3,120,000 tons, resource is very abundant, output is considerable, bagasse and cane molasses are the byproducts of sugar industry, its crude fiber content is up to 30-50%, protein 2-8%, sugar O.8%, coarse ash is more than 6%, there is source wide, the feature that quantity is large and price is low, containing the energy over half that photosynthesis of plant accumulates, as noncompetitive feed resource, as long as can rational Processing farage be carried out, improve the intake of its digestible energy, particularly be used for ox of feeding, the ruminant domestic animals such as sheep, still high-quality feed source can be become.
And sugar refinery byproduct is made to the developmental research aspect of feed, abroad have the research processing method that sugar refinery byproduct is conventional: 1, method of chemical treatment; As: fresh cane slag with after caustic soda process, is added blackstrap and makes storage 1 year and the ox feed undergone no deterioration by the U.S.; 2, physical treatment process, as: in Brazil, sugarcane is placed in intermittent reaction pot, under the condition of 180 DEG C, steam treatment 7-10 minute, the conversion ratio of its sucrose brings up to 60% from 15%.3, biological treatment, as Japan's multivitamin symbiotic fermentation bagasse, cellulose can be made to reduce by 60%, thick protein and crude fat are multiplied several times, in order to ox of breast-feeding, day milk yield can improve more than 30%.Adopting bagasse as feeding cattle and sheep feed, have studied decades at present.Comprise the U.S., Cuba, Brazil and China, carry out a large amount of scientific researches, drop into huge fund, but also do not find the fine method being applicable to bagasse being cooked feed, and at present a lot of scientist thinks that bagasse directly feeds cattle and sheep is not all right, nutritional labeling very little, causes utilizing bagasse to be all as fuel or paper making raw material all the time, causes a large amount of wastes of resource.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide the method for a kind of bagasse fermentation for cattle and sheep feed, the accessory substance bagasse in sugar refinery is adopted to prepare cattle and sheep feed by fermentation, processing and fabricating method is simple, cost is low, the cattle and sheep feed nutrition prepared after fermentation comprehensively, the appetite that has fragrant and sweet taste, improve cattle and sheep, cattle and sheep are liked to eat, and growth is fast.
In order to realize object of the present invention, the present invention adopts following technical scheme: bagasse fermentation, for the method for cattle and sheep feed, is made up of the raw material of following portions by weight:
Bagasse 70 ~ 80 parts;
10 ~ 15 parts, molasses;
Leavening 8 ~ 12 parts;
Grain feed 10 ~ 20 parts
Nonprotein nitrogen 0.5 ~ 2 part;
Salt 0.5 ~ 1.0 part.
Described grain feed comprises wheat bran, corn, potato powder, rice bran or dregs of beans.
Described nonprotein nitrogen is urea, urea nitro humus acid condensation product or biuret.
Described leavening by 15% ~ 20% candida utili, the bacillus subtilis of 8% ~ 14%, the Trichoderma viride of 8% ~ 12%, the Bacillus natto of 5% ~ 10% and the bacillus licheniformis of 3% ~ 7% are composited after cultivating.
Described leavening can also add complex enzyme, to account for the percentage calculation of finished product gross weight, and its cellulase 0.5%-5%, β ~ dextranase 0.5%-5%, proteinase-10 .5%-3%.
The present invention also adds composite trace element further; To account for the percentage calculation of finished product gross weight, take ferrous sulfate 1%-5%, zinc sulfate 1%-4%, calcium oxalate 2%-5%, manganese sulfate 1%-4%.
Above-mentioned bagasse fermentation, for the method for cattle and sheep feed, comprises the steps:
(1) take accessory substance bagasse is transported back from sugar refinery without any need for process, stand-by;
(2) leavening is put into container, by appropriate 20-25 DEG C of water-soluble solutions, stir, make it dissolve into zymotic fluid;
(3) zymotic fluid configured in molasses by weight and step (2) mixes, obtain mixed solution, then by the bagasse in step (1) and mixed solution mixing, and add the grain feed of parts by weight, nonprotein nitrogen and salt and composite trace element, stir with mixer, obtain fermentation material, its water content is 50 ~ 70%.
(4) fermentation material obtained in step (3) is loaded in packaging bag, sack is tamping, be placed in 28 ~ 37 DEG C of bottom fermentations and directly can feed cattle and sheep in 3 ~ 5 days.
Molasses of the present invention are after white granulated sugar production process crystallization of sucrose, remaining uncrystallizable, but still containing the liquid residue compared with polysaccharide.The main component of molasses is carbohydrate, and cane molasses is about 24%-36%, other sugar about 12%-24% containing sucrose; Molasses contain a small amount of thick protein, are generally 3%-6%, belong to nonprotein nitrogen class more, as ammonia, acid amides and nitrate etc., and amino-acid nitrogen only accounts for 38%-50%, and nonessential amino acid is as more in asparatate, content of glutamic acid, and therefore protein biological value is lower.
The present invention adds molasses two effects, and one is increase Carbon and nitrogen sources at sweat, and improve ferment effect, two is add in feed, improves the palatability of feed.
In leavening described in the present invention, candida utili is again Torula utilis Henneb or edible torula, and Latin is called candidautilis, the cell of candida utili is rounded, oval or sausage shape, and size is (3.5 ~ 4.5) um × (7 ~ 13) um; Liquid Culture does not produce mould, has bacterial sediment at the bottom of pipe.Candida utili can utilize molasses, wood hydrolysis liquid etc. to produce the edible protein of people and animals, and animal intestinal micro-ecology can be regulated to balance, and improves feed digestibility, strengthens animal body immunity.Candida utili can utilize cellulose raw material production nutrition to increase rich fermented feed, and just containing a large amount of celluloses in bagasse.In addition, because candida utili cell is rich in Cobastab and protein, the nutriment of the part needed for animal can also be provided.Can produce multiple enzyme as after the cracking of feed enzyme additive yeast cell wall, the yeast cells of living also can the multiple enzyme of exocytosis, as amylase, protease, cellulase etc.Thus, yeast can strengthen the digestibility and utilization to nutriment, promotes growth of animals or poultry, promotes its appetite, strengthens the ability of resist the disease and resisting stress.
Bacillus subtilis is the one of Bacillus.Individual cells 0.7 ~ 0.8 × 2 ~ 3 microns, uniform coloring.Without pod membrane, peritrichous, can move, Latin is called Bacillussubtilis.The subtilin produced in bacillus subtilis thalli growth process, polymyxins, nystatin, gramicidins isoreactivity material, the conditioned pathogen of these active materials to pathogenic bacteria or autogenous infection has obvious inhibitory action, bacillus subtilis consumes rapidly the free oxygen in environment, cause enteron aisle hypoxemia, promote that useful anaerobic bacteria grows, and produce the organic acids such as lactic acid, reduce enteron aisle pH value, other pathogenic bacteria of indirect suppression grow, growing of stimulating animal immune organ, activate T, bone-marrow-derived lymphocyte, improve immunoglobulin (Ig) and antibody horizontal, strengthen cellular immunity and humoral immune function, improve herd immunity, the enzymes such as bacillus subtilis thalline self synthesis AMS, protease, lipase, cellulase, together play a role with the digestive enzymes in animal body in alimentary canal, the multiple B family vitamin such as energy synthetic vitamin B1, B2, B6, nicotinic acid, improves the activity of interferon and macrophage in animal body.
Trichoderma viride, mycelia is very thin colourless, and tool is separated, multi-branched; Classification system is Trich0dermaviride, extensive in distributed in nature, often saprophytic on timber, seed and plant residue.Trichoderma viride is one of institute cellulase-producing the highest active bacterial strain, and the cellulase produced has degradation to crop, and effect is very good, and Trichoderma viride can produce multiplely has bioactive enzyme system, as: cellulase etc.Wood is mould has stronger decomposition of cellulose ability, and Trichoderma viride can produce the cellulase of high activity usually, very strong to cellulosic capacity of decomposition.And containing a large amount of celluloses in bagasse, use trichoderma viride, bagasse fibre of can degrading during the fermentation.
Bacillus natto another name bafillus natto, belong to bacillus subtilis Bacillus natto subspecies, Classification system is Bacillusnatt0, is generally (0.7 ~ 0.8) um × (2.0 ~ 3.0) um, Gram-positive.Grow the cellular plasm even dyeing at agar glucose.Gemma ellipse or column, middle life or partially middle raw, even if sporangiocyst expands, also remarkable, amphitrichous, can move.Bacillus natto wide accommodation, flushes, and reproductive capacity is strong, and form dominant population fast, life cycle is long.Consumed after a large amount of oxygen forms dominant microflora by quick oxygen consumption breeding (12 minutes/generation) and avoid growing of harmful bacteria (18 minutes/generation), strengthen with anaerobic bacteria the growth of the normal intestinal flora being dominant microflora, regulating intestinal canal microecological balance, improve immunity, effectively prevent the intestines problems such as Escherichia coli.In Fast-propagation process, produce a large amount of multivitamin, amino acid, protease, carbohydrase etc., organic matter complicated in energy degrading plant feed, thus promote to digest and assimilate, improve efficiency of feed utilization.Alleviate animal not take food, the distress reactivenesses such as poor growth, the animal physique recovered because medication causes declines, and improves the comprehensive premunitions such as vaccine antibody level simultaneously; Bacillus natto is added in fermented bean dregs, fermented feed, is conducive to balance microbial nutrition demand, promotes microbial growth breeding, ferment faster and better more thorough.
The cellular morphology of bacillus licheniformis and arrangement are in shaft-like, Dan Sheng, and Classification system is: Bacilluslichenif0rmis, and the flora imbalance of bacillus licheniformis adjustable reaches therapeutic purposes, and body can be impelled to produce antibacterial substance, kill pathogenic bacteria.Can produce resistant activity material, and the biology with uniqueness takes oxygen mechanism of action by force, can suppress the growth and breeding of pathogenic bacteria.Promote the growth of normal physiological anaerobic bacteria in enteron aisle, adjustment intestinal bacilli illness, recovers function of intestinal canal; Can produce resistant activity material, and the biology with uniqueness takes oxygen mechanism of action by force, can suppress the growth and breeding of pathogenic bacteria.
The leavening obtained after the microorganism compounds such as above-mentioned candida utili, bacillus subtilis plays good fermentation to bagasse, containing a large amount of celluloses in bagasse, microorganism in leavening utilizes cellulose raw material production nutrition to increase rich fermented feed in growth and breeding process, under the effect of the efficient-decomposition factor, by the crude fibre in bagasse, lignin, effect by biological biochemistry, nonabsorbable for livestock and poultry polymeric carbohydrate is changed into the low point of carbohydrate that Absorbable rod utilizes; Multiple beneficial flora in leavening can draw organic nitrogen, the inorganic nitrogen that livestock and poultry are difficult to utilize in a large number, makes it to change into the higher bacterium protein of nutrition; Probiotics in leavening can produce a large amount of protease, lipase, amylase, cellulolytic enzyme etc. in fermentation, organic matter complicated in energy degrading plant feed, thus promotes to digest and assimilate, and improves efficiency of feed utilization; Profitable strain, in livestock and poultry stomach, enhances immunity, reduces disease and occurs.By using leavening to carry out microbe conversion process to bagasse, the crude fiber content of sugarcane reduces at double than azymic, and crude protein content significantly improves than azymic.
Complex enzyme can also be added in leavening, complex enzyme cellulase, β ~ dextranase and protease are the kinds of common enzyme, in leavening, add complex enzyme ferment together, can accelerate to decompose the cellulose in bagasse, thus provide can absorbed nutriment; And the complex enzyme contained in the feed obtained after fermentation is for after hello ox or sheep, enters in the enteron aisle of livestock and poultry, can improve stomach and intestine function, effectively suppress the breeding of pathogen in animal and bird intestines, improve immunity of organisms, reduce M & M; Livestock and poultry digesting and assimilating feed Middle nutrition material can also be promoted, improve food conversion ratio.
The beneficial effect that the present invention produces is:
1, bagasse is the accessory substance of cane sugar factory, is all as fuel or paper making raw material all the time, causes a large amount of wastes of resource.The present invention adopts bagasse to carry out fermenting and producing cattle and sheep feed, belongs to the project that turns waste into wealth of leftover bits and pieces recycling, does not externally discharge waste residue, environmental protection; Containing a large amount of celluloses in bagasse, during the fermentation, microorganism in leavening utilizes cellulose raw material to produce the rich fermented feed of nutrition increasing in growth and breeding process, bagasse by fermentation, crude fibre can be degraded, crude protein can improve, and its nutritive value is improved, the good palatability of cattle and sheep.
2, the cattle and sheep feed that the present invention prepares does not contain chemobiotic class medicine, safety and environmental protection, bagasse is utilized to carry out fermentation for cattle and sheep feed, the a large amount of celluloses contained in bagasse obtain decomposition, crude fiber content reduces, and the crude protein content of feed after fermentation is improved, and improves the palatability of bagasse, improve digestibility, reduce the cost of feed simultaneously.
3, bagasse fermentation of the present invention is for the method for cattle and sheep feed, and processing and fabricating method is simple, cost is low, the cattle and sheep feed nutrition prepared after fermentation comprehensively, the appetite that has fragrant and sweet taste, improve cattle and sheep, cattle and sheep are liked to eat, and growth is fast.With the addition of leavening during the fermentation, beneficial microbe contained in the feed prepared can strengthen the digestibility and utilization of cattle and sheep to nutriment, promote the growth of cattle and sheep, improve stomach and intestine function, promote its appetite, effectively suppress the breeding of pathogen in animal and bird intestines, enhance immunity, improve the ability of resist the disease, reduce disease and occur.
4, the present invention utilizes bagasse fermenting and producing cattle and sheep feed, achieve the comprehensive utilization of bagasse low cost, non-secondary pollution, do not produce in production process " three wastes ", for the comprehensive utilization of bagasse opens up a new way, not only increase the economic benefit in sugar refinery, also for animal husbandry provides a large amount of feed resources, reduce feeding cost, Sugar Industry, animal husbandry, feedstuff industry and environment sustainable development aspect are all extremely important, there is good, very bright application prospect; To development environment-friendly type, save-grain animal husbandry, be all significant.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
Bagasse fermentation, for the method for cattle and sheep feed, is made up of the raw material of following portions by weight: bagasse 70 parts; 10 parts, molasses; Leavening 8 parts; Wheat bran 3 parts; Corn 4 parts; Sweet potato powder 2 parts; 1 part, rice bran; 0.5 part, urea; Salt 0.5 part.
Described leavening by 15% candida utili, 8% bacillus subtilis, the Trichoderma viride of 8%, the Bacillus natto of 5% and 3% bacillus licheniformis through cultivate after be composited.
Described cattle and sheep feed also adds composite trace element further; To account for the percentage calculation of finished product gross weight, ferrous sulfate 1%, zinc sulfate 1%, calcium oxalate 2%, manganese sulfate 1%.
Above-mentioned bagasse fermentation, for the method for cattle and sheep feed, comprises the steps:
(1) transporting the accessory substance bagasse taken back from sugar refinery does not need through any process, stand-by;
(2) leavening is put into container, by appropriate 20-25 DEG C of water-soluble solutions, stir, make it dissolve into zymotic fluid;
(3) zymotic fluid configured in molasses by weight and step (2) mixes, obtain mixed solution, then by the bagasse in step (1) and mixed solution mixing, and add the wheat bran of parts by weight, corn, sweet potato powder, rice bran, nonprotein nitrogen and salt and composite trace element, stir with mixer, obtain fermentation material, its water content is 50 ~ 70%;
(4) fermentation material obtained in step (3) is loaded in packaging bag, sack is tamping, be placed in 28 ~ 37 DEG C of bottom fermentations and directly can feed cattle and sheep in 3 ~ 5 days.
Embodiment 2
Bagasse fermentation, for the method for cattle and sheep feed, is made up of the raw material of following portions by weight: bagasse 70 parts; 10 parts, molasses; Leavening 8 parts; Wheat bran 3 parts; Corn 4 parts; Sweet potato powder 2 parts; 1 part, rice bran; 0.5 part, urea; Salt 0.5 part.
Described leavening by 15% candida utili, 8% bacillus subtilis, the Trichoderma viride of 8%, the Bacillus natto of 5% and 3% bacillus licheniformis through cultivate after be composited.
Described leavening also adds complex enzyme, to account for the percentage calculation of finished product gross weight, and its cellulase 0.5%, 1,4 beta-glucanase 0.5%, proteinase-10 .5%.
Described cattle and sheep feed also adds composite trace element further; To account for the percentage calculation of finished product gross weight, ferrous sulfate 1%, zinc sulfate 1%, calcium oxalate 2%, manganese sulfate 1%.
Above-mentioned bagasse fermentation, for the method for cattle and sheep feed, comprises the steps:
(1) transporting the accessory substance bagasse taken back from sugar refinery does not need through any process, stand-by;
(2) leavening is put into container, by appropriate 20-25 DEG C of water-soluble solutions, stir, make it dissolve into zymotic fluid;
(3) zymotic fluid configured in molasses by weight and step (2) mixes, obtain mixed solution, then by the bagasse in step (1) and mixed solution mixing, and add the wheat bran of parts by weight, corn, sweet potato powder, rice bran, nonprotein nitrogen and salt and composite trace element, stir with mixer, obtain fermentation material, its water content is 50 ~ 70%;
(4) fermentation material obtained in step (3) is loaded in packaging bag, sack is tamping, be placed in 28 ~ 37 DEG C of bottom fermentations and directly can feed cattle and sheep in 3 ~ 5 days.
Embodiment 3:
Bagasse fermentation, for the method for cattle and sheep feed, is made up of the raw material of following portions by weight: bagasse 75 parts; 12 parts, molasses; Leavening 10 parts; Wheat bran 4 parts; Dehydrated potato powder 5 parts; 7 parts, rice bran; Urea nitro humus acid condensation product 0.8 part; Salt 0.8 part.
Described leavening by 18% candida utili, the bacillus subtilis of 11%, the Trichoderma viride of 10%, the Bacillus natto of 7% and 5% bacillus licheniformis through cultivate after be composited.
Described leavening also adds complex enzyme, to account for the percentage calculation of finished product gross weight, and its cellulase 1.5%, 1,4 beta-glucanase 2.5%, protease 1.3%.
Described cattle and sheep feed also adds composite trace element further; To account for the percentage calculation of finished product gross weight, ferrous sulfate 2%, zinc sulfate 3%, calcium oxalate 3%, manganese sulfate 2.5%.
Above-mentioned bagasse fermentation, for the method for cattle and sheep feed, comprises the steps:
(1) transporting the accessory substance bagasse taken back from sugar refinery does not need through any process, stand-by;
(2) leavening is put into container, by appropriate 20-25 DEG C of water-soluble solutions, stir, make it dissolve into zymotic fluid;
(3) zymotic fluid configured in molasses by weight and step (2) mixes, obtain mixed solution, then by the bagasse in step (1) and mixed solution mixing, and add the wheat bran of parts by weight, dehydrated potato powder, rice bran, nonprotein nitrogen and salt and composite trace element, stir with mixer, obtain fermentation material, its water content is 50 ~ 70%;
(4) fermentation material obtained in step (3) is loaded in packaging bag, sack is tamping, be placed in 28 ~ 37 DEG C of bottom fermentations and directly can feed cattle and sheep in 3 ~ 5 days.
Embodiment 4:
Bagasse fermentation, for the method for cattle and sheep feed, is made up of the raw material of following portions by weight: bagasse 80 parts; 15 parts, molasses; Leavening 12 parts; Wheat bran 6 parts; Corn 7 parts; 4 parts, rice bran; Dregs of beans 3 parts; Biuret 1.0 parts; Salt 1.0 parts.
Described leavening by 20% candida utili, the bacillus subtilis of 14%, the Trichoderma viride of 12%, the Bacillus natto of 10% and the bacillus licheniformis of 7% are composited after cultivating.
Described leavening also adds complex enzyme, to account for the percentage calculation of finished product gross weight, and its cellulase 5%, 1,4 beta-glucanase 5%, protease 3 %.
Described cattle and sheep feed also adds composite trace element further; To account for the percentage calculation of finished product gross weight, ferrous sulfate 5%, zinc sulfate 4%, calcium oxalate 5%, manganese sulfate 4%.
Above-mentioned bagasse fermentation, for the method for cattle and sheep feed, comprises the steps:
(1) transporting the accessory substance bagasse taken back from sugar refinery does not need through any process, stand-by;
(2) leavening is put into container, by appropriate 20-25 DEG C of water-soluble solutions, stir, make it dissolve into zymotic fluid;
(3) zymotic fluid configured in molasses by weight and step (2) mixes, obtain mixed solution, then by the bagasse in step (1) and mixed solution mixing, and add the wheat bran of parts by weight, corn, rice bran, dregs of beans, nonprotein nitrogen and salt and composite trace element, stir with mixer, obtain fermentation material, its water content is 50 ~ 70%;
(4) fermentation material obtained in step (3) is loaded in packaging bag, sack is tamping, be placed in 28 ~ 37 DEG C of bottom fermentations and directly can feed cattle and sheep in 3 ~ 5 days.
feeding experiment:
(1) test material
Test group: select feed obtained in embodiment:
Control group: conventional silage corn bar feed, is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight: cornstalk ensiling 50 parts, draft beer slag 10 parts, fine fodder 30 parts, 5 parts, molasses, straw 10 parts.
For examination ox: kind is Xia Nanniu, body weight about 180 kilograms, quantity 100.
(2) test method
100 Xia Nanniu are divided into 2 groups at random, often organize 50 oxen.
Test group and control group measure original body mass respectively, and experiment terminates to measure body weight in latter stage, and record feed consumption, the incidence of disease, calculate average daily gain and feedstuff-meat ratio, be free choice feeding, experimental period l00 days.
(3) experimental result
Result of the test shows, crude fibre and crude protein can be transformed, replace ensiling beautiful with it with fermentation bagasse
Rice bar cattle and sheep of feeding are feasible, not only can reach the daily gain effect that cattle and sheep are desirable, ensure the strong of beef cattle sheep
Kang Shengchang, and can save feedstuff feeding amount and save store fodder store take, reduce feeding cost, shorten
Feeding time, achieves significant economic benefit.Test group compared with control group, edible feed of the present invention
Cattle and sheep speed of weight increment is very fast, and sick rate is low, and the state of mind of cattle and sheep is fine, likes edible feed of the present invention,
Quality Beef is significantly better than control group.

Claims (7)

1. bagasse fermentation is for a method for cattle and sheep feed, it is characterized in that, it is made up of the raw material of following portions by weight:
Bagasse 70 ~ 80 parts;
10 ~ 15 parts, molasses;
Leavening 8 ~ 12 parts;
Grain feed 10 ~ 20 parts;
Nonprotein nitrogen 0.5 ~ 2 part;
Salt 0.5 ~ 1.0 part.
2. the bagasse fermentation according to claim l, for the method for cattle and sheep feed, is characterized in that, described grain feed comprises wheat bran, corn, potato powder, rice bran and dregs of beans.
3. the bagasse fermentation according to claim l is for the method for cattle and sheep feed, it is characterized in that, described leavening by 15% ~ 20% candida utili, 8% ~ 14% bacillus subtilis, the Trichoderma viride of 8% ~ 12%, the Bacillus natto of 5% ~ 10% and 3% ~ 7% bacillus licheniformis through cultivate after be composited.
4. the bagasse fermentation according to claim l, for the method for cattle and sheep feed, is characterized in that, described leavening can also add complex enzyme, to account for the percentage calculation of finished product gross weight, its cellulase 0.5% ~ 5%, 1,4 beta-glucanase 0.5% ~ 5%, proteinase-10 .5% ~ 3%.
5. the bagasse fermentation according to claim l, for the method for cattle and sheep feed, is characterized in that, described cattle and sheep feed also adds composite trace element further; To account for the percentage calculation of finished product gross weight, ferrous sulfate 1% ~ 5%, zinc sulfate 1% ~ 4%, calcium oxalate 2% ~ 5%, manganese sulfate 1% ~ 4%.
6. the bagasse fermentation according to claim l, for the method for cattle and sheep feed, is characterized in that, described nonprotein nitrogen is urea, urea nitro humus acid condensation product or biuret.
7. the bagasse fermentation as described in claim l, for the method for cattle and sheep feed, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
(1) take accessory substance bagasse is transported back from sugar refinery without any need for process, stand-by;
(2) leavening is put into container, by appropriate 20 ~ 25 DEG C of water-soluble solutions, stir, make it dissolve into zymotic fluid;
(3) zymotic fluid configured in molasses by weight and step (2) mixes, obtain mixed solution, then by the bagasse in step (1) and mixed solution mixing, and add the grain feed of parts by weight, nonprotein nitrogen, salt and composite trace element, stir with mixer, obtain fermentation material, its water content is 50 ~ 70%;
(4) fermentation material obtained in step (3) is loaded in packaging bag, sack is tamping, be placed in 28 ~ 37 DEG C of bottom fermentations and directly can feed cattle and sheep in 3 ~ 5 days.
CN201510421658.4A 2015-07-18 2015-07-18 Method for preparing cattle and sheep feed by fermenting bagasse Pending CN105076753A (en)

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