CN104756953A - Aspidistra oblanceifolia source bee culture method - Google Patents

Aspidistra oblanceifolia source bee culture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104756953A
CN104756953A CN201410008086.2A CN201410008086A CN104756953A CN 104756953 A CN104756953 A CN 104756953A CN 201410008086 A CN201410008086 A CN 201410008086A CN 104756953 A CN104756953 A CN 104756953A
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China
Prior art keywords
bee
feeding
keeping
honey
flower
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Pending
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CN201410008086.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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罗忠祖
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罗忠祖
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Priority to CN201410008086.2A priority Critical patent/CN104756953A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates

Abstract

The invention provides an aspidistra oblanceifolia source bee culture method. The method mainly comprises the steps of selecting a site; finely selecting bee groups; breeding; managing. The method is characterized in that the honey collecting period is from April to July each year; the bee groups are arranged around the aspidistra oblanceifolia flower source from April to July each year; the radius range of the arranged bee groups and the aspidistra oblanceifolia flower source is 1 to 3km. With the adoption of the method, ideal production benefit can be achieved.

Description

Besom flower source bee-keeping method
Technical field
The invention belongs to biology culture technical field, relate to bee-keeping method, particularly relate to the design of the bee-keeping method in besom flower source.
Background technology
The sweet property of honey flavour is put down, Shennong's Herbal: " main trusted subordinate's perverse trend, all frightened epilepsy convulsions, five viscera settling various symptims and signs of deficiency, beneficial gas bowl spares, analgesic antidotal, except many sick, and hundred medicines, take strong will for a long time and make light of one's life by commiting suicide, not hungry not old ", it has gathered two large functions of promoting health and curing diseases as seen.Propagate bee colony artificially to obtain honey and had history for many years.But for different colored source bee-keeping, their cultural method is still very different.
Besom branch is the common undershrub in the southern mountain ridge, the upright racemosus of trunk, branch be acute angle upwards, branch is pliable and tough, and leaf is about 5mm as pine needle, and bud is less, and the flowers are in blossom in white.Besom branch is savory, and decocting ablution with it and water burning has itching-relieving action, also can steam besom branch oil, can enter medicinal material or make fine perfumery articles for use.
Through the test that applicant is long-term, besom is good nectar source.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the bee-keeping method designing besom flower source, also there is no the bee-keeping method in besom flower source at present for the shortcoming put into practice of raising bees to overcome.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: the bee-keeping method in besom flower source, mainly comprise place election, bee colony selected, raise, management, it is characterized in that: the gathering honey florescence is that annual April is to July, around besom flower source, bee colony is arranged, arrangement bee colony and swamp of mangrove radius 1-3 kilometers in annual April to July.
Bee colony is selected in the place having besom branch flower, size cold tea flower, the mixing of Ren Zihua, Hai Lan flower.
Beehive ornaments are under tree, or wooden leaf of mowing shades,
Chance dry weather cold water spills the place near beehive, keeps certain humidity, is conducive to the normal development of bee larva.
 
Sun-drenched south orientation should be selected in place.
Bee colony is selected puts the honeybee time in 5 ~ July, selects discrepancy diligent, the quiet not alarmed worker bee of also OOBA that field bee band pollen ratio is more; Individual large, foot is thick, height, chest breadth, belly are long and plentiful, whole body closely drapes over one's shoulders fine hair, lay eggs queen bee alarmed rapidly and not flexibly.
The artificial feeding carried out when being and lacking in nectar source is raised in the subsidy of raising, available supplementary feeding honey, with the dilution of honey warm water, the honey after dilution, adopts the method for filling spleen or pours in frame feeder honeybee of feeding into; Or supplementary feeding syrup syrup, add water with white sugar, adopt the method for filling spleen or pour in frame feeder honeybee of feeding into.
It is the artificial feeding carried out campaign in swarm breeding phase and honeybee that the award of raising is raised, and to a small amount of sweet liquid or syrup, feeding method can be fed with liquid.
The pollen of feeding of raising is supplementary protein feeds, and feeding method is that liquid hello cake is fed.
Feed moisture and the salt of raising, add appropriate salt solution and feed in syrup.
The management in spring of management, promote that honeybee circles in the air excretion, nest centralised temperature suitably improves, and has enough sweet powder sources or reward to raise, and opens case lid in time and is incubated thing, and make it go out nest and to circle in the air excretion, honeycomb will be incubated.Namely enter breeding period after excretion, palpus artificial heat insulation, tightens honeycomb, intensive group's gesture, and multigroup is supported with rearing in box; During nectar flow management, the initial stage adjusts and organizes gathering honey group and keeps mining massively by force honey, controls queen to lay eggs; New king to be cultivated when autumn manages, change old bad king, cultivate of the right age wintering bees, cultivate the later stage of wintering bees, take sweet powder to press spleen; Nest door to be regulated during winter management, strengthen insulation, anti-honey crystallization.
Take the present invention of above measure, provide the bee-keeping method in besom flower source, and obtain desirable productivity effect.
Below the present invention is described in further detail in conjunction with the embodiments again.
Embodiment
Concrete measure of the present invention mainly comprise place election, bee colony selected, raise, management, the gathering honey florescence is that annual April is to July, around besom flower source, bee colony is arranged, arrangement bee colony and besom flower source radius 1-3 kilometers in annual April to July.Bee colony is selected in the place having besom branch flower, size cold tea flower, the mixing of Ren Zihua, Hai Lan flower.Beehive ornaments are under tree, or wooden leaf of mowing shades,
Chance dry weather cold water spills the place near beehive, keeps certain humidity, is conducive to the normal development of bee larva.The sun-drenched south orientation of place election.Bee colony is selected puts the honeybee time in 5 ~ July, selects discrepancy diligent, the quiet not alarmed worker bee of also OOBA that field bee band pollen ratio is more; Individual large, foot is thick, height, chest breadth, belly are long and plentiful, whole body closely drapes over one's shoulders fine hair, lay eggs queen bee alarmed rapidly and not flexibly.The artificial feeding carried out when being and lacking in nectar source is raised in the subsidy of raising, available supplementary feeding honey, with the dilution of honey warm water, the honey after dilution, adopts the method for filling spleen or pours in frame feeder honeybee of feeding into; Or supplementary feeding syrup syrup, add water with white sugar, adopt the method for filling spleen or pour in frame feeder honeybee of feeding into.It is the artificial feeding carried out campaign in swarm breeding phase and honeybee that the award of raising is raised, and to a small amount of sweet liquid or syrup, feeding method can be fed with liquid.
The pollen of feeding of raising is supplementary protein feeds, and feeding method is that liquid hello cake is fed.Feed moisture and the salt of raising, add appropriate salt solution and feed in syrup.The management in spring of management, promote that honeybee circles in the air excretion, nest centralised temperature suitably improves, and has enough sweet powder sources or reward to raise, and opens case lid in time and is incubated thing, and make it go out nest and to circle in the air excretion, honeycomb will be incubated.Namely enter breeding period after excretion, palpus artificial heat insulation, tightens honeycomb, intensive group's gesture, and multigroup is supported with rearing in box; During nectar flow management, the initial stage adjusts and organizes gathering honey group and keeps mining massively by force honey, controls queen to lay eggs; New king to be cultivated when autumn manages, change old bad king, cultivate of the right age wintering bees, cultivate the later stage of wintering bees, take sweet powder to press spleen; Nest door to be regulated during winter management, strengthen insulation, anti-honey crystallization.
Embodiment:
One. place election
Sufficient besom flower source and auxiliary sweet powder source should be had around place within the scope of 2.5 kilometer radius, and major-minor sweet powder source should arrange in pairs or groups suitable.South orientation should be selected in place, sunny, and the back of the body has high mountain to be screen, and above have nature to shade, summer leads to south wind, and winter hinders north wind, and the nectariferous plant growth of besom flower source is vigorous, and the florescence is long, and the water yield is sufficient, and traffic is more convenient.
Two. the preparation of bee colony
1. the time buying should, in 5 ~ July, now just when the swarm breeding phase, select more stable, and external environment be good, raises easily success.
2. selection method: observe on nest doorway, as worker bee is come in and gone out diligent, field bee band pollen ratio is more, is generally animate good group.OOBA again, as worker bee peace and quiet are not alarmed, illustrates that disposition is docile; As large in queen bee body, foot is thick, height, chest breadth, belly are long and plentiful, whole body closely drapes over one's shoulders fine hair, it is alarmed rapidly and not flexibly to lay eggs, queen bee young stalwartness is described, and fecundity is strong.
3. the arrangement of bee colony: the how many and seasonal conditions according to place size, bee-keeping and determining.There are four kinds of arrangement modes: the arrangement of single case, two case arrange, be staggered, three casees arrangements.
Three. raise
1. subsidy is raised: the artificial feeding carried out when namely lacking in nectar source.Its method has: 1. supplementary feeding honey.Available honey warm water two one-tenth dilution (crystallized honey, poach is molten a little for need).Honey after dilution, can adopt the method for filling spleen or pour in frame feeder honeybee of feeding into.2. supplementary feeding syrup.Syrup adds water fifty percent with white sugar, cool to tepor after heating and fully dissolving, and in syrup, preferably adds the citric acid of 0.1%, be beneficial to absorption and digestion, now should not use brown sugar.
2. reward and raise: the artificial feeding that swarm breeding phase and honeybee carry out campaign, the general syrup giving a small amount of 60% sweet liquid or 50%, the next day of during early spring 1 time, increase with post consumption, can every day 1 time, first 40 days of time from nectar flow, until the external world have a large amount of sweet powder adopt into.Every frame honeybee rewards 50 ~ 100 grams of syrup at every turn.
3. to feed pollen: object is supplementary protein feeds.Surviving the winter later stage and early spring, the pollen that supply preserves autumn the previous year, also can replace by analysis for soybean powder.Feeding method is as follows: 1. liquid is fed.Pollen is added 10 times, syrup, boil, put into feeder after cooling and feed.2. cake is fed.Pollen or substitute for pollen are added equivalent honey or syrup, stirs, make pie, outsourcing plastic paper, both ends open, be placed on frame beam for bee gathering.When meeting cold current, often adopt this method.
4. feeding moisture and salt: general each bee colony need adopt 200 ~ 300 milliliters, water every day, is filled with water or covers moisture releasing towel at yarn in feeder, for adopting water voluntarily, in syrup, adding the salt of 1%.
Four. management
1. management in spring: 1. promote that honeybee circles in the air excretion.Nest centralised temperature brings up to 33 ~ 35 DEG C, has enough sweet powder sources or reward to raise, and opens case lid and insulation thing in time, makes it go out nest and to circle in the air excretion.2. the insulation of honeycomb.Namely enter breeding period after excretion, palpus artificial heat insulation, tightens honeycomb, intensive group's gesture.Multigroup is supported with rearing in box, and the inside and outside insulation of case, until 5 ~ June.
2. the management of nectar flow: 1. the initial stage adjusts and organizes gathering honey group.2. honey of mining massively by force is kept.Control queen to lay eggs, in the district that queen bee is limited in hive by available queen partition or hive.Disconnected son gets honey, can in large nectar flow first 5 days, proposes queen bee and 1 ~ 2 honeycomb band honeybee organizes groupuscule separately from gathering honey group, lures into a ripe royal cell to for second day gathering honey group, greatly can improve honey yield.Note groupuscule management, can not the weak group of gathering honey for those, should create conditions, impel group gesture to develop rapidly.Under the prerequisite of suitable gathering honey, breeding be done a good job of it, to supplement group's gesture.
3. management in autumn: 1. cultivate new king, change old bad king.2. of the right age wintering bees is cultivated.Bee of suitable age surviving winter refers to sprout wings before surviving the winter and room, only carries out two or three excretions and circles in the air, do not do nurture and collecting work, do not secrete the young honeybee of royal jelly.For making wintering bees energy safe overwintering, the young honeybee birth of being born after must controlling nectar flow, to protect group's gesture of bee colony.The method controlled forces queen bee to stop laying eggs.3. in good time early disconnected sub.Cultivating the later stage of wintering bees, first take sweet powder to press spleen, water 2 ~ 3 times with honey, such queen bee will stop production, and moves bee colony to sombre place simultaneously, and by honeybee slightly expansion 1 times, and propose pollen spleen from honeycomb, withdraw from insulation thing, can break son ahead of time.
4. winter management: 1. regulate nest door.Nest door is high 6 ~ 7 millimeters, is advisable for wide 60 ~ 70 millimeters.2. anti-honey crystallization.Strengthen insulation, or in case, fill in some wet cotton balls, to reduce ventilation by nest door.
Besom branch was bloomed in the annual 4-7 month, and honey flow amount is large, every crowd of Apis mellifera honey yield 30-40kg, honeybee honey yield 10-20kg in every crowd.

Claims (8)

1. the bee-keeping method in besom flower source, mainly comprise place election, bee colony selected, raise, management, it is characterized in that: the gathering honey florescence is that annual April is to July, around besom flower source, bee colony is arranged, arrangement bee colony and besom flower source radius 1-3 kilometers in annual April to July.
2. bee-keeping method according to claim 1, is characterized by: bee colony is selected in the place having besom branch flower, size cold tea flower, the mixing of Ren Zihua, Hai Lan flower.
3. bee-keeping method according to claim 1, is characterized by: sun-drenched south orientation should be selected in place.
4. bee-keeping method according to claim 1, is characterized by: bee colony is selected puts the honeybee time in 5 ~ July, selects discrepancy diligent, the quiet not alarmed worker bee of also OOBA that field bee band pollen ratio is more; Individual large, foot is thick, height, chest breadth, belly are long and plentiful, whole body closely drapes over one's shoulders fine hair, lay eggs queen bee alarmed rapidly and not flexibly.
5. bee-keeping method according to claim 1, it is characterized by: the artificial feeding carried out when being and lacking in nectar source is raised in the subsidy of raising, and available supplementary feeding honey, dilutes by honey warm water, honey after dilution, adopts the method for filling spleen or pours in frame feeder honeybee of feeding into; Or supplementary feeding syrup syrup, add water with white sugar, adopt the method for filling spleen or pour in frame feeder honeybee of feeding into.
6. bee-keeping method according to claim 1, is characterized by: it is the artificial feeding carried out campaign in swarm breeding phase and honeybee that the award of raising is raised, and to a small amount of sweet liquid or syrup, feeding method can be fed with liquid.
7. bee-keeping method according to claim 1, is characterized by: the pollen of feeding of raising is supplementary protein feeds, and feeding method is that liquid hello cake is fed.
8. bee-keeping method according to claim 1, is characterized by: feed moisture and the salt of raising, adds appropriate salt solution and feed in syrup.
CN201410008086.2A 2014-01-08 2014-01-08 Aspidistra oblanceifolia source bee culture method Pending CN104756953A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105211605A (en) * 2015-11-20 2016-01-06 贵州务川永惠蜂业科技有限公司 Honeybee feed and preparation method thereof in one
CN105340844A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-02-24 关岭自治县白刺花养蜂农民专业合作社 Method for breeding bees by taking sophora davidii as flower source
CN105831016A (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-08-10 周楚雄 Method for producing bottled native ceromel
CN106342757A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-25 云南地金莲生物开发有限公司 Production method of Ensete lasiocarpum honey
CN106857317A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-06-20 四川健生堂农业开发有限公司 A kind of production technology of high-quality queen bee slurry
CN109380182A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-02-26 遵义山蜜源养殖有限公司 A kind of young kind of the propagation method of middle bee efficiently, ecological

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105211605A (en) * 2015-11-20 2016-01-06 贵州务川永惠蜂业科技有限公司 Honeybee feed and preparation method thereof in one
CN105340844A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-02-24 关岭自治县白刺花养蜂农民专业合作社 Method for breeding bees by taking sophora davidii as flower source
CN105831016A (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-08-10 周楚雄 Method for producing bottled native ceromel
CN106342757A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-25 云南地金莲生物开发有限公司 Production method of Ensete lasiocarpum honey
CN106857317A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-06-20 四川健生堂农业开发有限公司 A kind of production technology of high-quality queen bee slurry
CN109380182A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-02-26 遵义山蜜源养殖有限公司 A kind of young kind of the propagation method of middle bee efficiently, ecological

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