CN104542494A - Beekeeping method using litchi flowers - Google Patents

Beekeeping method using litchi flowers Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104542494A
CN104542494A CN201310497730.2A CN201310497730A CN104542494A CN 104542494 A CN104542494 A CN 104542494A CN 201310497730 A CN201310497730 A CN 201310497730A CN 104542494 A CN104542494 A CN 104542494A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
honey
litchi
bee
flowers
swarm
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Pending
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CN201310497730.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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罗忠祖
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罗忠祖
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Priority to CN201310497730.2A priority Critical patent/CN104542494A/en
Publication of CN104542494A publication Critical patent/CN104542494A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates

Abstract

A beekeeping method using litchi flowers mainly includes site selecting, careful swarm selecting, feeding and managing and is characterized in that a honey gathering period starts from February to May each year, the swarm is arranged around the litchi flowers in the honey gathering period, the swarm is arranged 1-3 kilometers in the radius range of the litchi flowers, beehives are sealed to prevent the swarm from gathering honey 6-15 days from the day when pesticides are sprayed to the litchi flowers, and the beehives are reopened after the pesticides dissipate. By the method, the problem that currently various pesticides are used during the growth of litchi for the high yield of the litchi, the honey gathered by the bees is polluted by the organic pesticides, and adverse effect is generated on the health of people who eat the polluted honey is solved.

Description

Lychee flower source bee-keeping method
Technical field
The invention belongs to biology culture technical field, relate to bee-keeping method, particularly relate to the design of the bee-keeping method in lychee flower source.
Background technology
The sweet property of honey flavour is put down, Shennong's Herbal: " main trusted subordinate's perverse trend, all frightened epilepsy convulsions, five viscera settling various symptims and signs of deficiency, beneficial gas bowl spares, analgesic antidotal, except many sick, and hundred medicines, take strong will for a long time and make light of one's life by commiting suicide, not hungry not old ", it has gathered two large functions of promoting health and curing diseases as seen.Propagate bee colony artificially to obtain honey and had history for many years.But for different colored source bee-keeping, their cultural method is still very different.
Lichee and banana, pineapple, longan are together known as " the large fruit in the southern part of the country four ".Lichee originates in SOUTHERN CHINA, is subtropical fruit tree, the translucent congealed fat shape of pulp, and taste is fragrant beautiful.Lychee flower is many, is rich in nectary, is important nectariferous plant.Litchi flavor is sweet, sour, warm in nature, enters the heart, spleen, Liver Channel; Pulp has tonifying spleen benefit liver, regulate the flow of vital energy enrich blood, effect of warming middle energizer to relieve pain, heart tonifying and tranquilizing; Core have regulate the flow of vital energy, dissipating bind, pain relieving effect; Can stop hiccup, only diarrhoea, be the dietotherapy good merchantable brand of intractable hiccup and diarrhea before dawn person, have benefit brain and enhancing fitness simultaneously, whet the appetite beneficial spleen, has the effect promoting appetite.Lichee honey obtains the favor of people always.
At present in order to obtain the high yield of lichee, employ Multiple Pesticides and worm agent of stopping at lichee growing period, make lichee honey pollute organic agricultural chemicals thus, people have eaten contaminated lichee honey, necessarily produce adverse influence to health.If therefore there is the not contaminated lichee honey of one commercially to sell, be bound to obtain the welcome of people.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the bee-keeping method designing lychee flower source, employ Multiple Pesticides and worm agent of stopping at lichee growing period at present to overcome, lichee honey is polluted, and people have eaten the shortcoming that contaminated lichee honey has a negative impact to health.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: the bee-keeping method in lychee flower source, mainly comprise place election, bee colony selected, raise, management, it is characterized in that: the gathering honey florescence is that annual February is to May, around lychee flower source, bee colony is arranged, arrangement bee colony and lychee flower source radius 1-3 kilometers in annual February to May.
Annual February to May, lychee flower source spray insecticide from 6--15 day joint sealing do not allow bee colony gather pollen, spray insecticide to make lychee flower source after dissipating, then unpack and allow bee colony gather pollen.
Sun-drenched south orientation should be selected in place.
Bee colony is selected puts the honeybee time in 5 ~ July, selects discrepancy diligent, the quiet not alarmed worker bee of also OOBA that field bee band pollen ratio is more; Individual large, foot is thick, height, chest breadth, belly are long and plentiful, whole body closely drapes over one's shoulders fine hair, lay eggs queen bee alarmed rapidly and not flexibly.
The artificial feeding carried out when being and lacking in nectar source is raised in the subsidy of raising, available supplementary feeding honey, with the dilution of honey warm water, the honey after dilution, adopts the method for filling spleen or pours in frame feeder honeybee of feeding into; Or supplementary feeding syrup syrup, add water with white sugar, adopt the method for filling spleen or pour in frame feeder honeybee of feeding into.
It is the artificial feeding carried out campaign in swarm breeding phase and honeybee that the award of raising is raised, and to a small amount of sweet liquid or syrup, feeding method can be fed with liquid.
The pollen of feeding of raising is supplementary protein feeds, and feeding method is that liquid hello cake is fed.
Feed moisture and the salt of raising, add appropriate salt solution and feed in syrup.
The management in spring of management, promote that honeybee circles in the air excretion, nest centralised temperature suitably improves, and has enough sweet powder sources or reward to raise, and opens case lid in time and is incubated thing, and make it go out nest and to circle in the air excretion, honeycomb will be incubated.Namely enter breeding period after excretion, palpus artificial heat insulation, tightens honeycomb, intensive group's gesture, and multigroup is supported with rearing in box; During nectar flow management, the initial stage adjusts and organizes gathering honey group and keeps mining massively by force honey, controls queen to lay eggs; New king to be cultivated when autumn manages, change old bad king, cultivate of the right age wintering bees, cultivate the later stage of wintering bees, take sweet powder to press spleen; Nest door to be regulated during winter management, strengthen insulation, anti-honey crystallization.
Take the present invention of above measure, overcoming at present in order to obtain the high yield of lichee, employing Multiple Pesticides and worm agent of stopping at lichee growing period, making lichee honey pollute organic agricultural chemicals, people have eaten contaminated lichee honey, produce adverse influence to health.
Below the present invention is described in further detail in conjunction with the embodiments again.
Embodiment
Concrete measure of the present invention mainly comprise place election, bee colony selected, raise, management, the gathering honey florescence is that annual February is to May, around lychee flower source, bee colony is arranged, arrangement bee colony and lychee flower source radius 1-3 kilometers in annual March to May.Annual February to May, lychee flower source spray insecticide from 6--15 day joint sealing do not allow bee colony gather pollen, spray insecticide to make lychee flower source after dissipating, then unpack and allow bee colony gather pollen.
The sun-drenched south orientation of place election.Bee colony is selected puts the honeybee time in 5 ~ July, selects discrepancy diligent, the quiet not alarmed worker bee of also OOBA that field bee band pollen ratio is more; Individual large, foot is thick, height, chest breadth, belly are long and plentiful, whole body closely drapes over one's shoulders fine hair, lay eggs queen bee alarmed rapidly and not flexibly.The artificial feeding carried out when being and lacking in nectar source is raised in the subsidy of raising, available supplementary feeding honey, with the dilution of honey warm water, the honey after dilution, adopts the method for filling spleen or pours in frame feeder honeybee of feeding into; Or supplementary feeding syrup syrup, add water with white sugar, adopt the method for filling spleen or pour in frame feeder honeybee of feeding into.It is the artificial feeding carried out campaign in swarm breeding phase and honeybee that the award of raising is raised, and to a small amount of sweet liquid or syrup, feeding method can be fed with liquid.
The pollen of feeding of raising is supplementary protein feeds, and feeding method is that liquid hello cake is fed.Feed moisture and the salt of raising, add appropriate salt solution and feed in syrup.The management in spring of management, promote that honeybee circles in the air excretion, nest centralised temperature suitably improves, and has enough sweet powder sources or reward to raise, and opens case lid in time and is incubated thing, and make it go out nest and to circle in the air excretion, honeycomb will be incubated.Namely enter breeding period after excretion, palpus artificial heat insulation, tightens honeycomb, intensive group's gesture, and multigroup is supported with rearing in box; During nectar flow management, the initial stage adjusts and organizes gathering honey group and keeps mining massively by force honey, controls queen to lay eggs; New king to be cultivated when autumn manages, change old bad king, cultivate of the right age wintering bees, cultivate the later stage of wintering bees, take sweet powder to press spleen; Nest door to be regulated during winter management, strengthen insulation, anti-honey crystallization.
Embodiment:
One. place election
Sufficient lychee flower source and auxiliary sweet powder source should be had around place within the scope of 2.5 kilometer radius, and major-minor sweet powder source should arrange in pairs or groups suitable.South orientation should be selected in place, sunny, and the back of the body has high mountain to be screen, and above have nature to shade, summer leads to south wind, and winter hinders north wind, and the growth of lychee flower source nectariferous plant is vigorous, and the florescence is long, and the water yield is sufficient, and traffic is more convenient.Two. the preparation of bee colony
1. the time buying should, in 5 ~ July, now just when the swarm breeding phase, select more stable, and external environment be good, raises easily success.2. selection method: observe on nest doorway, as worker bee is come in and gone out diligent, field bee band pollen ratio is more, is generally animate good group.OOBA again, as worker bee peace and quiet are not alarmed, illustrates that disposition is docile; As large in queen bee body, foot is thick, height, chest breadth, belly are long and plentiful, whole body closely drapes over one's shoulders fine hair, it is alarmed rapidly and not flexibly to lay eggs, queen bee young stalwartness is described, and fecundity is strong.3. the arrangement of bee colony: the how many and seasonal conditions according to place size, bee-keeping and determining.There are four kinds of arrangement modes: the arrangement of single case, two case arrange, be staggered, three casees arrangements.Three. raise 1. subsidies and raise: the artificial feeding carried out when namely lacking in nectar source.Its method has: 1. supplementary feeding honey.Available honey warm water two one-tenth dilution (crystallized honey, poach is molten a little for need).Honey after dilution, can adopt the method for filling spleen or pour in frame feeder honeybee of feeding into.2. supplementary feeding syrup.Syrup adds water fifty percent with white sugar, cool to tepor after heating and fully dissolving, and in syrup, preferably adds the citric acid of 0.1%, be beneficial to absorption and digestion, now should not use brown sugar.
2. reward and raise: the artificial feeding that swarm breeding phase and honeybee carry out campaign, the general syrup giving a small amount of 60% sweet liquid or 50%, the next day of during early spring 1 time, increase with post consumption, can every day 1 time, first 40 days of time from nectar flow, until the external world have a large amount of sweet powder adopt into.Every frame honeybee rewards 50 ~ 100 grams of syrup at every turn.3. to feed pollen: object is supplementary protein feeds.Surviving the winter later stage and early spring, the pollen that supply preserves autumn the previous year, also can replace by analysis for soybean powder.Feeding method is as follows: 1. liquid is fed.Pollen is added 10 times, syrup, boil, put into feeder after cooling and feed.2. cake is fed.Pollen or substitute for pollen are added equivalent honey or syrup, stirs, make pie, outsourcing plastic paper, both ends open, be placed on frame beam for bee gathering.When meeting cold current, often adopt this method.
4. feeding moisture and salt: general each bee colony need adopt 200 ~ 300 milliliters, water every day, is filled with water or covers moisture releasing towel at yarn in feeder, for adopting water voluntarily, in syrup, adding the salt of 1%.
Four. management
1. management in spring: 1. promote that honeybee circles in the air excretion.Nest centralised temperature brings up to 33 ~ 35 DEG C, has enough sweet powder sources or reward to raise, and opens case lid and insulation thing in time, makes it go out nest and to circle in the air excretion.2. the insulation of honeycomb.Namely enter breeding period after excretion, palpus artificial heat insulation, tightens honeycomb, intensive group's gesture.Multigroup is supported with rearing in box, and the inside and outside insulation of case, until 5 ~ June.
2. the management of nectar flow: 1. the initial stage adjusts and organizes gathering honey group.2. honey of mining massively by force is kept.Control queen to lay eggs, in the district that queen bee is limited in hive by available queen partition or hive.Disconnected son gets honey, can in large nectar flow first 5 days, proposes queen bee and 1 ~ 2 honeycomb band honeybee organizes groupuscule separately from gathering honey group, lures into a ripe royal cell to for second day gathering honey group, greatly can improve honey yield.Note groupuscule management, can not the weak group of gathering honey for those, should create conditions, impel group gesture to develop rapidly.Under the prerequisite of suitable gathering honey, breeding be done a good job of it, to supplement gesture.3. management in autumn: 1. cultivate new king, change old bad king.2. of the right age wintering bees is cultivated.Bee of suitable age surviving winter refers to sprout wings before surviving the winter and room, only carries out two or three excretions and circles in the air, do not do nurture and collecting work, do not secrete the young honeybee of royal jelly.For making wintering bees energy safe overwintering, the young honeybee birth of being born after must controlling nectar flow, to protect group's gesture of bee colony.The method controlled forces queen bee to stop laying eggs.3. in good time early disconnected sub.Cultivating the later stage of wintering bees, first take sweet powder to press spleen, water 2 ~ 3 times with honey, such queen bee will stop production, and moves bee colony to sombre place simultaneously, and by honeybee slightly expansion 1 times, and propose pollen spleen from honeycomb, withdraw from insulation thing, can break son ahead of time.
4. winter management: 1. regulate nest door.Nest door is high 6 ~ 7 millimeters, is advisable for wide 60 ~ 70 millimeters.2. anti-honey crystallization.Strengthen insulation, or in case, fill in some wet cotton balls, to reduce ventilation by nest door.

Claims (2)

1. the bee-keeping method in lychee flower source, mainly comprise place election, bee colony selected, raise, management, it is characterized in that: the gathering honey florescence is that annual February is to May, around lychee flower source, bee colony is arranged, arrangement bee colony and lychee flower source radius 1-3 kilometers in annual February to May.
2. bee-keeping method according to claim 1, it is characterized by: annual February is to May, lychee flower source spray insecticide from 6--15 day joint sealing do not allow bee colony gather pollen, spray insecticide to make lychee flower source after dissipating, then unpack and allow bee colony gather pollen.
CN201310497730.2A 2013-10-22 2013-10-22 Beekeeping method using litchi flowers Pending CN104542494A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310497730.2A CN104542494A (en) 2013-10-22 2013-10-22 Beekeeping method using litchi flowers

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310497730.2A CN104542494A (en) 2013-10-22 2013-10-22 Beekeeping method using litchi flowers

Publications (1)

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CN104542494A true CN104542494A (en) 2015-04-29

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104904675A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-09-16 绥阳县幸福种养殖专业合作社 Bee-keeping method utilizing flower sources in combination with honeysuckle flowers and rose flowers as traditional Chinese medicinal materials

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104904675A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-09-16 绥阳县幸福种养殖专业合作社 Bee-keeping method utilizing flower sources in combination with honeysuckle flowers and rose flowers as traditional Chinese medicinal materials
CN104904675B (en) * 2015-06-30 2017-09-05 绥阳县幸福种养殖专业合作社 The method that Chinese medicine honeysuckle mixes the bee-keeping of flower source with rose

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Application publication date: 20150429

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