CN109380182A - A kind of young kind of the propagation method of middle bee efficiently, ecological - Google Patents

A kind of young kind of the propagation method of middle bee efficiently, ecological Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109380182A
CN109380182A CN201811405926.3A CN201811405926A CN109380182A CN 109380182 A CN109380182 A CN 109380182A CN 201811405926 A CN201811405926 A CN 201811405926A CN 109380182 A CN109380182 A CN 109380182A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
spleen
bee
powder
tight
pollen
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811405926.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
舒洪
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zunyi Mountain Honey Source Breeding Co Ltd
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Zunyi Mountain Honey Source Breeding Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Zunyi Mountain Honey Source Breeding Co Ltd filed Critical Zunyi Mountain Honey Source Breeding Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811405926.3A priority Critical patent/CN109380182A/en
Publication of CN109380182A publication Critical patent/CN109380182A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/163Sugars; Polysaccharides
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/90Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for insects, e.g. bees or silkworms

Abstract

The invention discloses it is a kind of efficiently, young kind of the propagation method of the middle bee of ecology, mainly include trembling the tight spleen of bee, joint sealing heat preservation, auxiliary feeding, manually plus five steps of spleen and pollen substitute spleen, when tight spleen, only select and remain 1 spleen, extra spleen all proposes;Joint sealing heat preservation is using partition, weeds and plastic cloth heat preservation;Auxiliary, which is fed, is contained and is fed in bottom feeder using syrup or mulse;Add spleen method according to bee spleen relationship and bee number it is how many depending on;Pollen substitute spleen is by soybean powder and honey by centainly evener at wet-milling and combination cane sugar powder and mulse progress than trembling;The present invention can be such that group's gesture development of middle bee children kind accelerates, while the ability for resisting extraneous poor environment is strong, and does not drag son.

Description

A kind of young kind of the propagation method of middle bee efficiently, ecological
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of honeybee propagation method more particularly to a kind of young kind of the propagation methods of middle bee.
Background technique
Middle bee is also known as apis cerana, scoliid, is a subspecies for Eastern bee, is the exclusive honeybee govern-house-variety of China, It is the main insect pollinator of the forest community and traditional agriculture based on weedtree tree.Sweet time, work in existing technology breeding Bee needs 20 or so, if by the way that quickly breeding can be 15 or so;Queen bee normal need 16 days or so, if by quickly breeding It only needs 10 days or so, drone normally needs 23 days or so, if only needed 17 days or so by quickly breeding;As can be seen that traditional Honeybee reproduction speed is slow, and itself insulating power is poor, causes bee colony to be cut down because of external environment variation.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above problems, the present invention provides a kind of young kind of the propagation method of middle bee, this method can make middle bee children's kind Group's gesture development is accelerated, while the ability for resisting extraneous poor environment is strong, and does not drag son.
In order to solve the above technical problems, a kind of young kind of the propagation method of middle bee efficiently, ecological provided by the invention, specific to walk It is rapid as follows:
(1) it trembles the tight spleen of bee: in numerous period in spring, every two beehive being put together side by side, in the calm dusk, give every group of bees After feeding syrup (sucrose: water 1: 1) or being watered 250-300 milliliters of honey, 2 hours, group, the temperature inside the box liter are dissipated to honeybee excitement Height, can carry out trembling the tight spleen of bee, when tight spleen, only select and remain 1 spleen, extra spleen all proposes;
(2) joint sealing is kept the temperature: 1 spleen after tight spleen being placed on beehive center, bee is enough to protect honeycomb at this time, by neighbour's case Partition is put in side, and a partition is also put in the other side, puts heat preservation object again outside plate, and the way of case external thermal insulation is: bottom pad grass, two beehives it Between fill out weeds, with plastics temperature heat preservation of deploying troops on garrison duty beehive is all covered with plastic cloth, is guarded against stifled in rainy days or colder dusk Dead nest door, regards temperature situation at dusk, can close nest door;
(3) auxiliary feeding: after tight spleen, carrying out auxiliary feeding from bottom every night, and syrup or mulse are contained in bottom feeder, 350-400 milliliters are fed for the first time, depending on seeing bee number is how many and the size for circle of laying eggs later, to there is a small amount of angle honey to be advisable on spleen, It feeds 1 time, cannot be interrupted every night;
(4) manually plus spleen, adding each spleen that should be one side be gap lair, and another side is pollen chamber, add spleen method according to Depending on bee spleen relationship: the group more than bee number, inwardly by the one side for having powder;The general group of bee number by the one side of lair inwardly, to queen bee It lays eggs in the empty lair of pollen substitute spleen, when the pollen substitute of first powder spleen eats up half, i.e., close to first powder Continue to add this powder spleen at spleen;
(5) pollen substitute spleen: first frying soya bean medium well, is ground into a powder after peeling, is 3 in soybean powder and the ratio of honey : 2, it trembles even at wet-milling, allows wet-milling to pass through on the sieve that aperture is 3 millimeters, then add half honey weight in natural flowers powdery Cane sugar powder, after mixing thoroughly again, pour into sky lair;It is gently consolidated with brush afterwards, pollen has seven or eight points of Man Weijia in lair, most A small amount of mulse (30 degree of Baume) is applied on powder room afterwards, it can be at artificial pollen spleen.
After adopting the above method, the present invention has the advantages that the time of worker bee, queen bee, drone breeding can be done sth. in advance 5-7 It, reaches quick breeding;Simultaneously by the method for breeding of science, the survival rate of young honeybee is improved.
Specific embodiment
Using specific embodiment, present invention will be explained in further detail below.
A kind of young kind of the propagation method of middle bee efficiently, ecological, the specific steps are as follows:
(1) the tight spleen of bee: early spring or cold late spring is trembled, honeybee by the attack of low temperature or cold wave, often endure cold by circle of laying eggs And be difficult to rest, it is very unfavorable to lay eggs to honeybee, it is therefore desirable in numerous period in spring, every two beehive is put together side by side, The calm dusk, after feeding syrup (sucrose: water 1: 1) to every group of bees or be watered 250-300 milliliters of honey, 2 hours, to honeybee Excitement dissipates group, and the temperature inside the box increases, and can carry out trembling the tight spleen of bee, when tight spleen, only selects and remain 1 spleen, extra spleen all mentions Out, queen bee can be promoted quickly to lay eggs in this way;General queen bee can lay eggs for 1-3 days after tight spleen;
(2) joint sealing is kept the temperature: 1 spleen after tight spleen being placed on beehive center, bee is enough to protect honeycomb at this time, by neighbour's case Partition is put in side, and the other side puts another partition, puts heat preservation object outside plate again;The way of case external thermal insulation is: bottom pad grass, two beehives it Between fill out weeds, with plastics temperature heat preservation of deploying troops on garrison duty beehive is all covered with plastic cloth, is guarded against stifled in rainy days or colder dusk Dead nest door;View temperature situation at dusk, can close nest door.
(3) auxiliary feeding: after tight spleen, auxiliary feeding is carried out from bottom every night.Syrup or mulse are contained in bottom feeder, For the first time feeding can be slightly some more, generally can group feed 350-400 milliliter, see later bee number how much and oviposition enclose sizes depending on, with There is a small amount of angle honey to be advisable on spleen;And feeding 1 time every night, cannot frequently be interrupted, and scale of feeding should not be too many.
(4) manually add spleen, in the last stage in spring, natural pollen is few, when there are most queen bees to start oviposition, in order to guarantee bee Pollen supply and expand oviposition circle in group, pollen substitute spleen (if having natural pollen spleen more preferably) is added;Add each spleen that should be It is on one side gap lair, another side is pollen chamber;Add spleen method depending on bee spleen relationship: the group more than bee number will have the one of powder In facing;The general group of bee number by the one side of lair inwardly.It has laid eggs in the empty lair of pollen substitute spleen to queen bee, first When the pollen substitute of powder spleen eats up half, i.e., close to adding second, third, the 4th ... such group at first powder spleen Gesture just develops rapidly, can obtain strong group in time;It puts into production;
(5) pollen substitute spleen: it is medium well that specific practice is that soya bean is fried, and is ground into a powder after peeling, by soybean powder and honey Ratio is 3: 2, trembles even at wet-milling, allows wet-milling to pass through on the sieve that aperture is 3 millimeters, then adds half bee in natural flowers powdery The cane sugar powder of sweet weight after mixing thoroughly again, pours into sky lair;It is gently consolidated with brush afterwards, pollen has seven or eight points to expire in lair It is preferred.A small amount of mulse (30 degree of Baume) is finally applied on powder room, it can be at artificial pollen spleen.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, without departing from the technical principles of the invention, several improvement can also be made, these improvement also should be regarded as this hair Bright protection scope.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of young kind of the propagation method of middle bee efficiently, ecological, which is characterized in that specific step is as follows:
(1) it trembles the tight spleen of bee: in numerous period in spring, every two beehive being put together side by side, in the calm dusk, feed sugar to every group of bees Water (sucrose: water 1: 1) or after being watered 250-300 milliliters of honey, 2 hours, dissipates group to honeybee excitement, the temperature inside the box increases, i.e., It can carry out trembling the tight spleen of bee, when tight spleen, only select and remain 1 spleen, extra spleen all proposes;
(2) joint sealing is kept the temperature: 1 spleen after tight spleen being placed on beehive center, bee is enough to protect honeycomb at this time, by the side of neighbour's case Partition is put, the other side also puts a partition, puts heat preservation object again outside plate, the way of case external thermal insulation is: bottom pad grass, fills out between two beehives Beehive is all covered with plastic cloth in rainy days or the colder dusk with plastics deployment temperature heat preservation, guards against and block nest by weeds Door regards temperature situation at dusk, can close nest door;
(3) auxiliary feeding: after tight spleen, carrying out auxiliary feeding from bottom every night, and syrup or mulse are contained in bottom feeder, and first It is secondary to feed 350-400 milliliters, it is seen depending on the size how much bee number encloses with oviposition later, to there is a small amount of angle honey to be advisable on spleen, every night It feeds 1 time, cannot be interrupted;
(4) manually add spleen, adding each spleen that should be one side be gap lair, and another side is pollen chamber, adds spleen method according to bee spleen Depending on relationship: the group more than bee number, inwardly by the one side for having powder;The general group of bee number inwardly, has existed the one side of lair to queen bee Oviposition in the empty lair of pollen substitute spleen, when the pollen substitute of first powder spleen eats up half, i.e., close at first powder spleen Continue to add this powder spleen;
(5) pollen substitute spleen: first frying soya bean medium well, is ground into a powder after peeling, is 3: 2 in soybean powder and the ratio of honey, It trembles even at wet-milling, allows wet-milling to pass through on the sieve that aperture is 3 millimeters, then add the sugarcane of half honey weight in natural flowers powdery Icing Sugar after mixing thoroughly again, pours into sky lair;It is gently consolidated with brush afterwards, pollen has seven or eight points of Man Weijia in lair, finally exists A small amount of mulse (30 degree of Baume) is applied on powder room, it can be at artificial pollen spleen.
CN201811405926.3A 2018-11-23 2018-11-23 A kind of young kind of the propagation method of middle bee efficiently, ecological Pending CN109380182A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201811405926.3A CN109380182A (en) 2018-11-23 2018-11-23 A kind of young kind of the propagation method of middle bee efficiently, ecological

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102090531A (en) * 2010-12-03 2011-06-15 中国农业科学院蜜蜂研究所 Method for maintaining colony situation of greenhouse pollination bee colony in winter in northern areas
US8884097B1 (en) * 2011-08-25 2014-11-11 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of Agriculture Method to condition an invertebrate to detect a concentration range of a chemical compound
CN104255661A (en) * 2014-09-02 2015-01-07 湖南蜜蜂哥哥蜂业有限公司 Efficient and ecological apis cerana larva breeding method
CN104756953A (en) * 2014-01-08 2015-07-08 罗忠祖 Aspidistra oblanceifolia source bee culture method
CN107242204A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-10-13 西藏自治区农牧科学院农业研究所 A kind of method of high altitude localities bee-keeping

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102090531A (en) * 2010-12-03 2011-06-15 中国农业科学院蜜蜂研究所 Method for maintaining colony situation of greenhouse pollination bee colony in winter in northern areas
US8884097B1 (en) * 2011-08-25 2014-11-11 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of Agriculture Method to condition an invertebrate to detect a concentration range of a chemical compound
CN104756953A (en) * 2014-01-08 2015-07-08 罗忠祖 Aspidistra oblanceifolia source bee culture method
CN104255661A (en) * 2014-09-02 2015-01-07 湖南蜜蜂哥哥蜂业有限公司 Efficient and ecological apis cerana larva breeding method
CN107242204A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-10-13 西藏自治区农牧科学院农业研究所 A kind of method of high altitude localities bee-keeping

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Application publication date: 20190226