CN104590285A - Aerial monorail train traffic system - Google Patents

Aerial monorail train traffic system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104590285A
CN104590285A CN201310524247.9A CN201310524247A CN104590285A CN 104590285 A CN104590285 A CN 104590285A CN 201310524247 A CN201310524247 A CN 201310524247A CN 104590285 A CN104590285 A CN 104590285A
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China
Prior art keywords
train
track
traffic system
rail road
single rail
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Withdrawn
Application number
CN201310524247.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
戴长虹
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201310524247.9A priority Critical patent/CN104590285A/en
Priority to PCT/CN2014/089997 priority patent/WO2015062537A1/en
Publication of CN104590285A publication Critical patent/CN104590285A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61BRAILWAY SYSTEMS; EQUIPMENT THEREFOR NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B61B13/00Other railway systems
    • B61B13/04Monorail systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T30/00Transportation of goods or passengers via railways, e.g. energy recovery or reducing air resistance

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Transportation (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Train Traffic Observation, Control, And Security (AREA)

Abstract

An aerial monorail train traffic system comprises stations, supporting columns, rails, a train, a power supply system and a control system, and is characterized in that the rails are erected in the space between the two adjacent stations through the supporting columns, are continuous wavy curved rails without joints at the middle positions and comprise the main rail and the auxiliary rail, the main rail is a monorail, the supporting columns are connected with the rails in a sliding mode, the train runs on the rails through the power supply system and the control system, the speed of the train is changed through potential energy and kinetic energy conversion between the high points and the low points of the rails, starting and braking are facilitated, and the purposes of energy conservation, consumption reduction and emission reduction are achieved. By means of the method, low-cost and short-period batch manufacturing of the aerial monorail train traffic system can be achieved, the traveling efficiency of residents can be greatly improved, the traveling cost of residents can be greatly lowered, and the problems of traffic congestion and environment pollution of a city can be solved.

Description

Overhead single rail road train traffic system
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of rail traffic, particularly a kind of overhead single rail road train traffic system.
Background technology
At present, along with the raising of China's expanding economy and living standards of the people, the quantity of self-propelled vehicle gets more and more, the traffic conditions in city is caused more and more to worsen, traffic jam is day by day serious, not only be unfavorable for the quick trip of resident, and cause a large amount of time and energy resource consumption, air and noise pollution and traffic accident; Blocking up and environmental pollution of urban highway, has become the key of restriction urban development; Greatly developing public transport especially track traffic, is the Main Means overcome the above problems.Existing city rail dealings mainly subway and light rail, its major defect be involve great expense, every kilometer of cost about several hundred million Renminbi, gigantic project, ground and underground all need construction, construction period is long, line needs time of 3 ~ 5 years usually, large on environmental concerns during construction, affect existing traffic and environment.
Existing track traffic track used is rectilinear orbit, and when the change of temperature, track can stretch, and when adopting expansion joint, easily produces noise and wearing and tearing, when adopting seamless long rails, install complicated, cost is high, there is accident potential during extreme weather.
Summary of the invention
Technical matters to be solved by this invention is the defect existed for existing traffic system, a kind of novel overhead single rail road train traffic system is provided, this overhead single rail road train traffic system can make full use of the space above existing road, do not need land acquisition, and small investment, operating cost is low, construction speed is fast, volume of passenger traffic is large, safety factor is high, multilevel traffic can be realized, that greatly improves resident goes out line efficiency, reduction Trip Costs, thus effectively solves blocking up and problem of environmental pollution of city traffic.
In order to solve existing Rail Transit System Problems existing, the invention provides that a kind of construction costs is cheap, the construction period is short, structure is simple, the overhead single rail road train traffic system of energy-conserving and environment-protective, it comprises station, pillar, track, train, electric power system and control system etc., it is characterized in that: it is aerial that track relies on strut support to be located between adjacent two stations, track is in wavy curve track, track is middle without seam continuous orbit, track comprises backbone and secondary rail, and backbone is single track; Pillar and track adopt sliding block joint, train relies on electric power system and control system just to run in orbit, utilize the conversion between potential energy and kinetic energy existed between the spikes/low-points of track, make the change in train generation speed, be convenient to start and braking, the object reaching energy-conservation, lower consumption, reduce discharging.
Wherein, described overhead rail system can be erected at the top of existing road, as in the middle of road or road on both sides of the road, also can be erected at and not have in the space of road.
Wherein, described station is connected on railway line, can be erected at separately aerial, also can be located in building;
Further, there are stair or elevator in described station, and described elevator comprises vertical lift and escalator.
Wherein, described pillar is arranged on the below along the line of track by piling, boring installation built-in fitting or the modes such as fabricated base of digging pit.
Wherein, described station and pillar are steel structure or reinforced concrete structure.
Wherein, described station and pillar are field fabrication or factorial praluction, preferred factorial praluction, in-site installation.
Wherein, be sliding block joint between described pillar and described track, namely described track diametrically fixing, slip to a certain degree can be had in the axial direction.
Wherein, described track comprises backbone and secondary rail, and described backbone plays a major role in rail system, bears the weight and operation etc. of train; Described secondary rail helps out in rail system, bears the guiding of train, location and protection etc.
Further, described secondary rail has one to several, preferably two, is erected at the both sides of train.
Wherein, described track preferably adopts shaped steel to make, as existing light-duty or microlight-type rail, steel pipe, angle steel, channel-section steel or steel rope etc.
Wherein, the material of described track is not limit, preferred rail steel, weathering steel, corrosion-resistant steel etc.
Wherein, described track can be a kind of shape or material, also can be several shapes or material, the outside as track is pipe, the inside is steel rope or cable wire, and the outside of track is corrosion-resistant steel, the inside is carbon structural steel etc.
Wherein, described track is wavy, and described wave can be single wave, also can be the wave of compound, as having rips in large wave line segment.
Wherein, the diff-H that described track selects low spot from height is preferably 1-6 rice, more preferably 2-4 rice, diff-H is more conducive to more greatly the power and energy consumption, reduction operating cost and the noise that reduce train, but can increase height, the increase construction investment of station and column.
Wherein, described station can be positioned on the adjacent crest of curve track two, namely only has a trough between two adjacent stations, also can be positioned on two non-conterminous crests, namely has several trough between two adjacent stations.
Wherein, described train can adopt direct motor drive, also can adopt internal combustion engine drive, preferably adopt driven by power.
Further, described train can adopt DC powered, alternating current also can be adopted to drive, preferably adopt DC powered.
Wherein, described train can adopt driverless operation, someone also can be adopted to drive, preferably adopt unmanned automatic driving.
Wherein, described train can adopt existing vehicle manufacturing technology, preferably adopts the manufacturing technology of microlight-type vehicle.
Wherein, described train can adopt solo running or marshalling to run, and preferably adopts solo running.
Wherein, the seating capacity of described train is 10-100 people, is preferably 20-50 people.
Wherein, the departure interval of described train is 0.5-30 minute, preferred 1-5 minute.
Wherein, described electric power system can adopt direct supply, also can adopt source of AC, preferably adopt direct supply.
Further, described direct supply is transformed by solar power or is formed by AC rectification;
Further, described direct supply is provided by special gauze or is provided by the storage battery of train or cond.
Wherein, described control system can adopt full-automatic unmanned driving's control system of existing traffic system especially Rail Transit System, comprises signal system, position fixing system, induction feedback system, warning, self-diagnosis protection system etc.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
The present invention can adopt microlight-type to design, only track instead of whole road surface being erected at aerial, all facility components all can mass production in factory, so enormously simplify the design of pillar, track and train, reduce the consumption of material and the energy, shorten building time and investment (make the building time of every bar line shorten to some months, investment is decreased to every kilometer of millions of unit), reduce operating cost and noise; Track adopts jointless continuous orbit, both convenient making and installation, and noise when turn reducing the loss of material and facility and run, reduces maintenance cost, extends service life; Track adopts wavy continuous orbit, has both solved the breathing problem that track produces because of temperature traverse, has taken full advantage of again track tensile property, made the quantity of column and support strength require greatly to reduce; The crest rise point at wavy track is built at station, vehicle driving down during departures, and potential energy is conducive to startup and the acceleration of vehicle to kinetic transformation, and when entering the station, vehicle is up, and kinetic energy is conducive to deceleration and the stopping of vehicle to potential energy, the object reaching energy-conservation, lower consumption; Adopt little passenger capacity, intensive operation scheme of dispatching a car, both can make whole system lightweight, passenger can be conducive to again and arrange stroke, reduce or remove Waiting time from.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of overhead single rail road of the present invention train traffic system;
Fig. 2 is the cross sectional representation of two-way overhead single rail road of the present invention train traffic system.
In figure: 1. station, 2. pillar, 3. backbone, 4. train, 5 secondary rails.
Detailed description of the invention
Below adopt embodiment and accompanying drawing to describe embodiments of the present invention in detail, to the present invention, how application engineering means solve technical matters whereby, and the implementation procedure reaching technique effect can fully understand and implement according to this.
See Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, overhead single rail road train traffic system is made up of station 1, pillar 2, backbone 3, train 4 and secondary rail 5, also comprises electric power system and control system etc., and station 1 is arranged on the place facilitating passenger getting on/off, adopt built on stilts construction, passenger by stair or elevator upper and lower, the main body of pillar 2 steel welding can be utilized in the factory to be connected into steel structure or utilize reinforcing bar with concrete prefabricated become reinforced concrete structure, the below along the line of backbone 3 is arranged on, the height of pillar 2 and the mating shapes of backbone 3 by piling, boring installation built-in fitting or the modes such as fabricated base of digging pit, backbone 3 and secondary rail 5 adopt light rail or steel pipe to make, be erected at the aerial of adjacent two stations 1, backbone 3 and secondary rail 5 are jointless continuous orbit, can be fixed on station 1 in two ends, interlude naturally droops formation circular arc, the nadir place of circular arc is unsettled, can free-extension, the key point of circular arc there is pillar 2 support, pillar 2 both can share the gravity of backbone 3 and secondary rail 5, can position backbone 3 and secondary rail 5 again, pillar 2 can be connected by chute with between backbone 3 and secondary rail 5, namely backbone 3 and secondary rail 5 are fixed diametrically, prevent backbone 3 and secondary rail 5 double swerve, backbone 3 and secondary rail 5 can have slip to a certain degree in the axial direction, backbone 3 and secondary rail 5 can variation with temperature free-extensions, backbone 3 and secondary rail 5 can rely on the tensile strength of self to be suspended in the air and bear gravity and the centnifugal force of train 4, and rely on pillar 2 to share when self-strength is inadequate, the tensile strength of backbone 3 and secondary rail 5 quantity that is higher, then pillar 2 is fewer, train 4 travels above backbone 3, its advantage is the height that can reduce pillar 2, train 4 adopts ultra lightweighting to design, train 4 is straight to traveling, without the need to sharply turning and shunting on backbone 3, so can be complicated turn to end basin, bicycle load total weight, within several tons, thus can make whole system lightweight greatly, train 4 adopts steel wheel to travel on seamless rail, so friction drag is very little, train 4 utilizes potential energy to become kinetic energy when starting, so power demand is not high, energy consumption is low, when train 4 stops, kinetic transformation becomes all right recuperated energy of potential energy, DC machine, so brake loss is little, the power configuration of train 4 is low, not only travel noise little but also solar cell for supplying power can be used, solar cell can be arranged on train 4, also can be arranged on station 1, can also be arranged on around track, seating capacity and the departure interval of train 4 is determined according to the number of passenger personnel, adopt little passenger capacity if 20-50 people, short departure interval are as 1-5 minute as far as possible, both can meet the travel requirement of resident, reduce Waiting time, whole system lightweight, low cost, high efficiency can have been made again, train 4 can adopt full-automatic unmanned driving's system, both can reduce human cost, can avoid again the error of pilot steering, and guarantee safely, on time and efficiently.
All above-mentioned this intellectual properties of primary enforcement, not setting restriction this new product of other forms of enforcement and/or new mode.Those skilled in the art will utilize this important information, and foregoing is revised, to realize similar implementation status.But all modifications or transformation belong to the right of reservation based on new product of the present invention.
The above is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, and be not restriction the present invention being made to other form, any those skilled in the art may utilize the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement to be changed or be modified as the Equivalent embodiments of equivalent variations.But everyly do not depart from technical solution of the present invention content, any simple modification, equivalent variations and the remodeling done above embodiment according to technical spirit of the present invention, still belong to the protection domain of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an overhead single rail road train traffic system, comprise station, pillar, track, train, electric power system and control system, it is characterized in that: it is aerial that track relies on strut support to be located between adjacent two stations, track is in wavy curve track, track is middle without seam continuous orbit, track comprises backbone and secondary rail, and backbone is single track; Pillar and track adopt sliding block joint, train relies on electric power system and control system just to run in orbit, utilize the conversion between potential energy and kinetic energy existed between the spikes/low-points of track, make the change in train generation speed, be convenient to start and braking, the object reaching energy-conservation, lower consumption, reduce discharging.
2. overhead single rail road as claimed in claim 1 train traffic system, is characterized in that: described station and pillar are steel structure or the reinforced concrete structure of factorial praluction.
3. overhead single rail road as claimed in claim 1 train traffic system, is characterized in that: described track adopts shaped steel to make, and described shaped steel comprises rail, steel pipe, angle steel, channel-section steel or steel rope etc.
4. overhead single rail road as claimed in claim 1 train traffic system, is characterized in that: described track is formed to several shapes or material by one.
5. overhead single rail road as claimed in claim 1 train traffic system, is characterized in that: described track is single wave or complex wave wave-like curve.
6. overhead single rail road as claimed in claim 1 train traffic system, is characterized in that: described station setting is on the crest rise point of orbital curve.
7. overhead single rail road as claimed in claim 1 train traffic system, is characterized in that: described train adopts microlight-type vehicle.
8. overhead single rail road as claimed in claim 1 train traffic system, is characterized in that: described train adopts direct motor drive.
9. the overhead single rail road train traffic system as described in any one of claim 1 to 8, is characterized in that: described electric power system adopts direct supply, and described direct supply is provided by special gauze or provided by the storage battery of train or cond.
10. the overhead single rail road train traffic system as described in any one of claim 1 to 9, is characterized in that: described control system is full-automatic unmanned driving's control system.
CN201310524247.9A 2013-10-31 2013-10-31 Aerial monorail train traffic system Withdrawn CN104590285A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310524247.9A CN104590285A (en) 2013-10-31 2013-10-31 Aerial monorail train traffic system
PCT/CN2014/089997 WO2015062537A1 (en) 2013-10-31 2014-10-31 Elevated rail transportation system and 3d network system for same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310524247.9A CN104590285A (en) 2013-10-31 2013-10-31 Aerial monorail train traffic system

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107662621A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-02-06 包贵光 Girder steel sky rail train
CN107964837A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-04-27 中建空列(北京)工程设计研究院有限公司 Track joint connecting equipment and the track for including the track joint connecting equipment
CN108657217A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-10-16 芜湖泰庆电子科技有限公司 A kind of transit equipment with the vehicle being guided along single traffic lane
WO2018192330A1 (en) * 2017-04-19 2018-10-25 温金龙 Urban transportation method and apparatus

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1282685A (en) * 2000-04-14 2001-02-07 胡应平 High-speed vehicle for use both on rail and on road
RU2325293C2 (en) * 2006-07-27 2008-05-27 Анатолий Эдуардович Юницкий Stringed transportation system of yunitsky and methods of stringed transportation system build-up
CN101992780A (en) * 2009-08-25 2011-03-30 陈继勇 Air public transportation method
CN102233882A (en) * 2010-05-07 2011-11-09 张科元 Lead rail type dual-lead wheel rail transport system

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1282685A (en) * 2000-04-14 2001-02-07 胡应平 High-speed vehicle for use both on rail and on road
RU2325293C2 (en) * 2006-07-27 2008-05-27 Анатолий Эдуардович Юницкий Stringed transportation system of yunitsky and methods of stringed transportation system build-up
CN101992780A (en) * 2009-08-25 2011-03-30 陈继勇 Air public transportation method
CN102233882A (en) * 2010-05-07 2011-11-09 张科元 Lead rail type dual-lead wheel rail transport system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2018192330A1 (en) * 2017-04-19 2018-10-25 温金龙 Urban transportation method and apparatus
CN107662621A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-02-06 包贵光 Girder steel sky rail train
CN107964837A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-04-27 中建空列(北京)工程设计研究院有限公司 Track joint connecting equipment and the track for including the track joint connecting equipment
CN108657217A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-10-16 芜湖泰庆电子科技有限公司 A kind of transit equipment with the vehicle being guided along single traffic lane
CN108657217B (en) * 2018-03-28 2019-11-22 玉环普天单向器有限公司 A kind of transit equipment with the vehicle being guided along single traffic lane

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Application publication date: 20150506

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