CN104472165A - Method for planting potatoes - Google Patents

Method for planting potatoes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104472165A
CN104472165A CN201410686820.0A CN201410686820A CN104472165A CN 104472165 A CN104472165 A CN 104472165A CN 201410686820 A CN201410686820 A CN 201410686820A CN 104472165 A CN104472165 A CN 104472165A
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potato
seed
potato seed
implantation methods
colorless
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CN104472165B (en
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孔祥宜
陈明冰
石丽
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孔祥宜
陈明冰
石丽
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0256Ground coverings
    • A01G13/0268Mats or sheets, e.g. nets or fabrics
    • A01G13/0275Films
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of crop planting, and particularly to a method for planting potatoes, which comprises the following steps: preparing land, fertilizing, and ditching; putting the potato seedlings into ditches, ridging, covering soil, covering parts on ridges, where the potato seedlings are planted, with colorless and transparent film, and covering two sides of the colorless and transparent film with black film; conducting field management, and harvesting potatoes. The method adopts the colorless and transparent film and the black film, which are in a matched manner, to plant the potatoes, the colorless and transparent film has good light transmittance and increases temperature quickly at the early stage, so the potatoes can root early; the black film has low visible light transmittance and can restrain weeds from growing, and the weeding rate can reach about 90 percent; during the middle and later periods of growth, the root systems enter below the black film, high temperature below the film, caused by strong sunlight, is prevented, and the premature senility of the root systems is avoided; the method can create a good environment for potato tuber growth in the period of tuberization, and has a ground temperature adjusting function that other film does not have; not only is the labor intensity of weeding reduced, but also the yield is increased by a large margin.

Description

The implantation methods of a kind of potato
Technical field
The present invention relates to crop-planting field, in particular to the implantation methods of a kind of potato.
Background technology
Potato is drought-enduring with it, barren-resistant, high-yield and high-efficiency, wide adaptability, nutrient component are complete and enrich, the feature such as industry chain length, the extremely favor of common people and attention.In recent years, the potato planting area of China is also in the trend constantly risen, and having reached 488.7 ten thousand hectares by 2005, is the country that potato planting area is maximum in the world, accounts for more than 20% of grown worldwide area, accounts for about 70% of Asia.But the average per unit area yield in the whole nation, still lower than world average level, only has 14.5 tons/hectare.
At present, mainly there is following problem in the plantation of potato: one is yield poorly; Two is complex management, at substantial manpower; Three is that damage by disease and insect is serious.Therefore, how to address these problems is people's problem demanding prompt solution always.
" agriculture of gansu science and technology " the 12nd phase in 2012 discloses " potato black mulch film all standing side ridge culture broadcasts culture technique ", but, all replace the method for colorless and transparent film with black mulch film, potato is emerged slowly, the seedling obtained turns to be yellow, growth potential is weak.
In view of this, special proposition the present invention.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the implantation methods of a kind of potato, by improving seedling, then the mode that seedling is coordinated by black thin film and transparent membrane is planted, output is improved, damage by disease and insect alleviates, and decrease the labour intensity of field management, well solve the problem of current potato planting.
In order to realize above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, spy by the following technical solutions:
An implantation methods for potato, comprises the following steps:
(a), site preparation and fertilization, trench digging;
(b), potato seed is placed in ditch, ridging earthing, on ridge potato seed plantation part cover colorless and transparent film, the both sides black thin film of colorless and transparent film covers;
(c), carry out field management, results obtain potato.
The implantation methods of potato provided by the invention, the mode adopting colorless and transparent film to coordinate with black thin film plants potato, and colorless and transparent film in early days printing opacity is good, heats fast, makes potato root of hair early, is the key of precocious volume increase; Black thin film visible light transmittance rate is low, can suppress weed growth, and weeding rate can reach about 90%, effective, pollution-free.In the middle and later periods of potato growth, extend the root system expanded and enter below black thin film, high temperature under the film preventing strong daylight to cause, avoids root system early ageing; Tying the potato phase potato is that good temperature environment is created in the growth of potato block, has the function of the adjustment ground temperature not available for other mulch films.The color matching mulch film that the present invention adopts black thin film alternate with colorless and transparent film, has played the advantage of black and transparent two kinds of mulch films, has avoided respective inferior position, maximize favourable factors and minimize unfavourable ones, not only reduced the labour intensity of weeding, also made output have and significantly promoted.
Wherein, colorless and transparent film and black thin film can cover separately, and the black and white Double-color film of one also can be used to cover, and be colorless and transparent film in the middle of this black and white Double-color film, both sides are black thin film.
Preferably, the light transmittance of described black thin film is less than 25%; The thickness of described colorless and transparent film is 0.006 ~ 0.008 ㎝.The black thin film of this parameter and colorless and transparent film further increase fiting effect each other.
Further, ditch and be placed in ditch by potato, plant two row potato seeds, diagonally opposing corner is sowed, and the spacing in the rows of often going is 20 ~ 25 ㎝, and the distance between this two row potato is 13-15cm; Ridging earthing, the ridge fabric width 40-50cm obtained, row spacing is 70-80cm.Wherein, use the black and white Double-color film of one to be covered on ridge, middle colorless and transparent film covers 2 row potato seeds simultaneously, and the width of colorless and transparent film is 15-18cm; The both sides of colorless and transparent film use black thin film to cover, and will accomplish level and smooth tightly fastening during overlay film, furrow head furrow limit mulch film is buried in the earth about 10 ㎝, bury soil pressure in fact, reach " tight, tight, flat, wide ", and namely limit is pressed sternly, membrane cover is tight, face is paved, seen light face width; After epiphragma, available wet soil is windproof every several meters of mound press molds.
Further, in step (b), described potato seed is prepared by following methods:
D (), potato seed stripping and slicing, obtain potato seed block;
(e), described potato seed block taking root liquid is soaked;
(f), then with coating blend by soak after potato seed block mix thoroughly, germinate, obtain described potato seed;
By weight, described coating blend contains 70% thiophanate-methyl wetting powder 100-200 part, the 100-200 of mancozeb wettable powder more than 70% part, 72% streptomycin wetting powder 20-50 part, talcum powder 1000-1500 part.
First soaked with taking root liquid by the potato seed block of stripping and slicing, make taking root liquid be impregnated in potato seed block, taking root for follow-up germination provides good basis; Then germinate after the coated process of potato seed block after immersion, the main pest control disease of Cotton seeds.The potato seed growth finally obtained is vigorous, and color is emerald green.By the potato seed that obtains after planting, output obtains larger raising, and in planting process, damage by disease and insect alleviates, and has the effect of highly significant.
In Cotton seeds, thiophanate-methyl wetting powder, many mancozeb wettable powders and streptomycin wetting powder all effectively can prevent and treat the disease of various crop, talcum powder had both had the decomposition of well prevention potato seed block, there is again the effect disperseed well by other compositions, be attached on potato seed block with making each uniform composition.The present invention by these four kinds of compositions with specific ratio with the use of, chemiluminescence between them, not only considerably reduces the damage by disease and insect of potato underground and acrial part, also assures that potato seed block germination and rooting process in keep very strong vigor.
Taking root liquid can select some commercially available prod, as the Ai Bidi ABT root-inducing powder bought, its using method by specification carries out, unlike, the time of soaking remains on 30-60min, as adopted infusion method: before broadcasting, potato seed block is immersed in 30-60min in 25-50ppm solution.
Potato seed process before dicing also through the process of normal procedure, as the potato seed airing 1 ~ 2d in the sun before warehouse-in storage adopted, to kill stem tuber surface germ and to reduce stem tuber moisture; Before sowing 30d, bask seeds after rejecting the rotten potato block of disease 1 ~ 2d, to obtain the high potato seed of quality.
In addition, the fine quality of high-yield early-maturing is selected in potato seed, generally adopts breeding time (emerge results) at the early-maturing variety of 55 ~ 65d, as the G1 such as No. 1 is drawn for virus-free seed potato in Holland 15, Shandong.
Further, in step (d), through the first coating solution process before potato seed stripping and slicing, described first coating solution process sprays potato seed with the first coating solution, dries rear stripping and slicing;
Wherein, with the stereometer of water, described first coating solution contains fludioxonil seed coat agent 0.2-0.3g/L, Imidacloprid seed coat agent 1-1.5g/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 2.5-3.5g/L.
The kind that fludioxonil seed coat agent is mainly used in preventing and treating vegetables and field crop as seed treatment passes and soil-borne disease; Imidacloprid seed coat agent is mainly used in wheat and maize, and this seed coat agent is applied to potato by the present invention, has and prevents sucking pest and soil insects such as eliminating aphis, the effect of prevention potato virus disease; The growth that the potassium dihydrogen phosphate adding certain content is seedling provides sufficient nutrient.Find in test, each active ingredient concentration has a great impact the effect sprayed, if each active ingredient concentration is too low, containing too many moisture in potato seed, easily causes the breakage of potato seed superficial cell, and then affects follow-up germination; If each active ingredient excessive concentration, then potato seed surface can remain too much active ingredient, also easily causes murder by poisoning to potato seed surface.Empirical tests finds, the present invention selects each active ingredient of certain concentration, and potato seed, after the first coating solution sprays and dries, is immersed in potato seed, these three kinds of active ingredient coordinated, and the seedling early growth obtained is healthy and strong, and the not various damage by disease and insect of easy infection.
Wherein, fludioxonil seed coat agent when fludioxonil seed coat agent can select a kind of new pyrrole class non-internal-absorting wide-spectrum bactericide of Syngenta Co., Ltd's development and production to fit happy; The fludioxonil seed coat agent of other similar brands is also in protection scope of the present invention.Imidacloprid seed coat agent selects high skilful Imidacloprid seed coat agent, and the Imidacloprid seed coat agent of other similar brands is also in protection scope of the present invention.
Find through test, the adding proportion of the first coating solution and potato seed is particularly important, if the first coating solution sprays too much, later stage germination rate is low, and the bud obtained is weak; The very few effect not reaching again sterilizing and nutrition sprayed; With the mass ratio of the first coating solution and potato seed for spraying within the scope of 1:90-100, the blastogenesis obtained is long vigorous, and does not subject to disease.Preferably, in step (d), the mass ratio of described first coating solution and described potato seed is 1:90-100.
Preferably, in step (e), the main component of described taking root liquid is the mixed solution of IBA, IAA, NAA, and with the stereometer of taking root liquid, described taking root liquid contains IBA 300-500mg/L, IAA 400-700mg/L, NAA 150-300mg/L.Adopt this taking root liquid to soak potato seed block, make taking root liquid be immersed in potato seed block, potato seed block germinates after plantation, and the root obtained is more sturdy and flourishing, has important function to the raising of output.Wherein, the configuration of taking root liquid generally adopts first dissolves IBA, IAA, NAA with the ethanol of 95%, and then is settled to the concentration of use with water.
Preferably, in step (e), the time that described taking root liquid soaks is 30-60min, carries out ultrasonic process while immersion; Wherein, hyperacoustic power is 100-150W, each ultrasonic 10-15s, ultrasonic is spaced apart 30-50s adjacent twice.
Under the condition controlling specific taking root liquid concentration, be aided with specific ultrasonic processing method, potato seed is after plantation of germinateing, can greatly divide by irritation cell, considerably improve rooting rate, and the root system obtained is comparatively homogeneous, the potato homogeneity of final results is good, and knot potato rate is high, considerably improves the output of potato.
Find through test of many times, the weight of the potato seed block that stripping and slicing obtains is 30 ~ 40g, and the output of the potato obtained is higher.It is too much that potato seed block crosses the root system produced in the follow-up planting process of ambassador, and the cauline leaf of acrial part is not enough to the growth supporting underground stem tuber, makes the Tuber development atrophy of underground, causes low yield; And the too small potato oligotrophy in seedling stage that makes of potato seed block, growth potential is weak, poor to the resistance of damage by disease and insect, very easily causes and is short of seedling, thus affects final output.Preferably, in step (d), the weight of the potato seed block that stripping and slicing obtains is 30 ~ 40g.
Be easy to vernalization at 10 ~ 15 DEG C, promote to sprout, under this temperature condition, general about 20d can obtain the bud growing to 3-4cm.Find through test of many times, the length of the bud obtained is 3 ~ 4 ㎝, be easier to survival, and takes root suitably in underground after follow-up potato seed block plantation.In step (f), the length of the bud that described germination obtains is 3 ~ 4 ㎝.
Further, in step (f), the bud obtained is planted after 0-5 DEG C of astigmatism refining bud 3 ~ 5d again.The present invention by specific for the bud growing to certain altitude select low temperature under carry out astigmatism refining bud, add the tolerance of bud to low temperature, enhance the resistivity of bud environment to external world.After bud plantation after low temperature treatment, have very strong vitality, can adapt to planting environment better, potato grows more vigorous in process of growth, thus adds the output of potato.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention is:
(1) mode adopting colorless and transparent film to coordinate with black thin film plants potato, has played the advantage of black and transparent two kinds of mulch films, has avoided respective inferior position, maximize favourable factors and minimize unfavourable ones, not only reduce the labour intensity of weeding, weeding rate can reach about 90%, has also made output have and has significantly promoted;
(2) the potato seed block of stripping and slicing has carried out taking root liquid immersion, and the potato seed growth obtained is vigorous, and color is emerald green, and after planting, harvest time, output obtained larger raising, and in planting process, damage by disease and insect alleviates, and has the effect of highly significant in advance;
(3) before potato seed stripping and slicing through the first coating solution process of special component content, after drying, be immersed in potato seed, make each active ingredient coordinated, the seedling early growth obtained is healthy and strong, and the not various damage by disease and insect of easy infection;
(4) adopt the taking root liquid of special component content to soak potato seed block, make taking root liquid be immersed in potato seed block, potato seed block germinates after plantation, and the root obtained is more sturdy and flourishing, has important function to the raising of output;
(5) under the condition controlling specific taking root liquid concentration, be aided with specific ultrasonic processing method, potato seed is after plantation of germinateing, can greatly divide by irritation cell, considerably improve rooting rate, and the root system obtained is comparatively homogeneous, the potato homogeneity of final results is good, and knot potato rate is high, improves the output of potato significantly;
(6) thiophanate-methyl wetting powder, mancozeb wettable powder more than 70%, 72% streptomycin wetting powder and talcum powder with specific ratio with the use of, be attached on potato seed block uniformly, chemiluminescence between them, not only greatly reduce the damage by disease and insect of potato underground and acrial part, also assures that potato seed block keeps very strong vigor in germination and rooting process;
(7) weight of specific restriction potato seed block is 30 ~ 40g, guarantees to meet potato seedling growth desired nutritional, makes the root system that obtains suitable, further increases the output of potato;
(8) plant again after specific low temperature astigmatism refining bud being carried out to the bud obtained, add the tolerance of bud to low temperature, enhance the resistivity of bud environment to external world.After bud plantation after low temperature treatment, have very strong vitality, can better adapt to planting environment, potato grows more vigorous in process of growth, thus adds the output of potato.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, embodiment of the present invention are described in detail, but it will be understood to those of skill in the art that the following example only for illustration of the present invention, and should not be considered as limiting the scope of the invention.Unreceipted actual conditions person in embodiment, the condition of conveniently conditioned disjunction manufacturer suggestion is carried out.Agents useful for same or the unreceipted production firm person of instrument, being can by the conventional products of commercially available acquisition.
Embodiment 1
The implantation methods of potato, comprises the following steps:
Site preparation and fertilization, trench digging, be placed on by potato seed in ditch, plant two row potato seeds, the distance often between row potato is 13cm, and diagonally opposing corner is sowed, and the spacing in the rows of often going is 25 ㎝; Ridging earthing, ridge fabric width 40 ㎝ obtained, row spacing is 80 ㎝;
Group 1: the part of potato seed plantation covers colorless and transparent film, the both sides of colorless and transparent film are that black thin film covers;
Group 2: all cover colorless and transparent film;
Group 3: all cover black thin film;
Carry out field management, results obtain potato;
Wherein, potato seed is prepared in the following manner:
Select Dutch 15 potato seeds, spray potato seed with the first coating solution, the mass ratio of the first coating solution and potato seed is 1:90, dries rear stripping and slicing, and the weight of the potato seed block obtained is 30 ~ 40g;
Wherein, with the stereometer of water, the first coating solution contains fludioxonil seed coat agent 0.3g/L, Imidacloprid seed coat agent 1.5g/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3.5g/L;
Soaked by potato seed block taking root liquid, wherein, the main component of taking root liquid is the mixed solution of IBA, IAA, NAA, and with the stereometer of taking root liquid, taking root liquid contains IBA 400mg/L, IAA 500mg/L, NAA 200mg/L;
The time that taking root liquid soaks is 45min, carries out ultrasonic process while immersion; Wherein, hyperacoustic power is 120W, each ultrasonic 12s, ultrasonic is spaced apart 40s adjacent twice;
With coating blend, the potato seed block after immersion is mixed thoroughly;
By weight, coating blend contains 70% thiophanate-methyl wetting powder 150 parts, mancozeb wettable powder more than 70% 150 parts, 72% streptomycin wetting powder 35 parts, talcum powder 1200 parts;
Then germinate under being placed in 10-15 DEG C of temperature environment, the length of the bud obtained that germinates is 3 ~ 3.5 ㎝, and namely the bud obtained is obtained potato seed after 5 DEG C of astigmatism refining bud 3d.
Embodiment 2
The implantation methods of potato, comprises the following steps:
Site preparation and fertilization, trench digging, be placed on by potato seed in ditch, plant two row potato seeds, the distance often between row potato is 14cm, and diagonally opposing corner is sowed, and the spacing in the rows of often going is 22 ㎝; Ridging earthing, ridge fabric width 45 ㎝ obtained, row spacing is 75 ㎝;
Group 1: the part of potato seed plantation covers colorless and transparent film, the both sides of colorless and transparent film are that black thin film covers;
Group 2: all cover colorless and transparent film;
Group 3: all cover black thin film;
Carry out field management, results obtain potato;
Wherein, potato seed is prepared in the following manner:
Select Dutch 15 potato seeds, spray potato seed with the first coating solution, the mass ratio of the first coating solution and potato seed is 1:95, dries rear stripping and slicing, and the weight of the potato seed block obtained is 30 ~ 40g;
Wherein, with the stereometer of water, the first coating solution contains fludioxonil seed coat agent 0.2g/L, Imidacloprid seed coat agent 1.0g/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3g/L;
Soaked by potato seed block taking root liquid, wherein, the main component of taking root liquid is the mixed solution of IBA, IAA, NAA, and with the stereometer of taking root liquid, taking root liquid contains IBA 500mg/L, IAA 400mg/L, NAA 300mg/L;
The time that taking root liquid soaks is 60min, carries out ultrasonic process while immersion; Wherein, hyperacoustic power is 100W, each ultrasonic 15s, ultrasonic is spaced apart 50s adjacent twice;
With coating blend, the potato seed block after immersion is mixed thoroughly;
By weight, coating blend contains 70% thiophanate-methyl wetting powder 100 parts, mancozeb wettable powder more than 70% 200 parts, 72% streptomycin wetting powder 20 parts, talcum powder 1000 parts;
Then germinate under being placed in 10-15 DEG C of temperature environment, the length of the bud obtained that germinates is 3 ~ 3.5 ㎝, and namely the bud obtained is obtained potato seed after 0 DEG C of astigmatism refining bud 4d.
Embodiment 3
The implantation methods of potato, comprises the following steps:
Site preparation and fertilization, trench digging, be placed on by potato seed in ditch, plant two row potato seeds, the distance often between row potato is 15cm, and diagonally opposing corner is sowed, and the spacing in the rows of often going is 20 ㎝; Ridging earthing, the ridge fabric width 50 ㎝ row spacing obtained is 70 ㎝;
Group 1: the part of potato seed plantation covers colorless and transparent film, the both sides of colorless and transparent film are that black thin film covers;
Group 2: all cover colorless and transparent film;
Group 3: all cover black thin film;
Carry out field management, results obtain potato;
Wherein, potato seed is prepared in the following manner:
Select Dutch 15 potato seeds, spray potato seed with the first coating solution, the mass ratio of the first coating solution and potato seed is 1:100, dries rear stripping and slicing, and the weight of the potato seed block obtained is 30 ~ 40g;
Wherein, with the stereometer of water, the first coating solution contains fludioxonil seed coat agent 0.2g/L, Imidacloprid seed coat agent 1.5g/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 2.5g/L;
Soaked by potato seed block taking root liquid, wherein, the main component of taking root liquid is the mixed solution of IBA, IAA, NAA, and with the stereometer of taking root liquid, taking root liquid contains IBA 300mg/L, IAA 700mg/L, NAA 150mg/L;
The time that taking root liquid soaks is 30min, carries out ultrasonic process while immersion; Wherein, hyperacoustic power is 150W, each ultrasonic 10s, ultrasonic is spaced apart 30s adjacent twice;
With coating blend, the potato seed block after immersion is mixed thoroughly;
By weight, coating blend contains 70% thiophanate-methyl wetting powder 200 parts, mancozeb wettable powder more than 70% 100 parts, 72% streptomycin wetting powder 50 parts, talcum powder 1500 parts;
Then germinate under being placed in 10-15 DEG C of temperature environment, the length of the bud obtained that germinates is 3.5 ~ 4 ㎝, and namely the bud obtained is obtained potato seed after 3 DEG C of astigmatism refining bud 5d.
Control group is set simultaneously, implantation methods in control group group is with embodiment 1, unlike, potato seed in control group adopts following methods preparation: first by Dutch 15 potato seeds preimpregnation 1 minute in the warm water of 20 DEG C, then soak potato seed with 72% gram of dew (800 times of liquid) to dry after 15 minutes, germinate after stripping and slicing, obtain potato seed; The implantation methods of the potato provided in embodiment 1-3 and control group all arranges three repetitions, and each repetition is 1 mu of ground, each repeat between plant at random.
The potato of plantation is unified to be managed, and to come into bloom foliage-spray 0.2% boric acid, at potato block expanding stage foliage-spray potassium dihydrogen phosphate potato; Spray the first resistance liquid, wherein, the composition of the first resistance liquid is potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution and 70% thiophanate-methyl, 1000 times of liquid of 0.6%, increases the resistance of potato, and defence frost and disease occur; Spray 687.5g/L silver method profit 600 times of anti-late blights of liquid; Spray anti-late blight liquid, anti-late blight liquid contains dimethomorph, Du Pont's gram dew, also needs to spray the anti-aphid of Imidacloprid, 0.6% potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution protection blade.Spray said medicine as requested, and record the number of times sprayed.What finally obtain the results are shown in Table 1.
The result of table 1 potato planting
As can be seen from Table 1, the implantation methods of potato provided by the invention has saved the work number of times of production management greatly, and output has had and significantly promotes, and has extraordinary effect; In addition, can see significantly in planting process, the potato rice shoot growing way that the mode that the present invention adopts colorless and transparent film to coordinate with black thin film is planted is good, and weeds are few; The potato rice shoot growing way of independent employing colorless and transparent film plantation is general, and weeds are many; The potato rice shoot weeds of independent employing black thin film plantation are few, but growing way is weak.In planting process, adopt separately the potato of colorless and transparent film to need weeding, significantly increase labour.
In addition, the present inventor also adopts other potato seed to plant, and as Shandong draws No. 1, its result is consistent with Dutch 15 results.
Although illustrate and describe the present invention with specific embodiment, however it will be appreciated that can to make when not deviating from the spirit and scope of the present invention many other change and amendment.Therefore, this means to comprise all such changes and modifications belonged in the scope of the invention in the following claims.

Claims (10)

1. an implantation methods for potato, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(a), site preparation and fertilization, trench digging;
(b), potato seed is placed in ditch, ridging earthing, on ridge potato seed plantation part cover colorless and transparent film, the both sides black thin film of colorless and transparent film covers;
(c), carry out field management, results obtain potato.
2. the implantation methods of potato according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the ridge fabric width 40-50cm that ridging obtains, ridge is planted two row potato seeds, the distance often between row potato is 13-15cm, and row spacing is 70-80cm, diagonally opposing corner is sowed, and the spacing in the rows of often going is 20 ~ 25 ㎝.
3. the implantation methods of the potato according to any one of claim 1-2, is characterized in that, in step (b), described potato seed is prepared by following methods:
D (), potato seed stripping and slicing, obtain potato seed block;
(e), described potato seed block taking root liquid is soaked;
(f), then with coating blend by soak after potato seed block mix thoroughly, germinate, obtain described potato seed;
By weight, described coating blend contains 70% thiophanate-methyl wetting powder 100-200 part, the 100-200 of mancozeb wettable powder more than 70% part, 72% streptomycin wetting powder 20-50 part, talcum powder 1000-1500 part.
4. the implantation methods of potato according to claim 3, is characterized in that, in step (d), through the first coating solution process before potato seed stripping and slicing, described first coating solution process sprays potato seed with the first coating solution, dries rear stripping and slicing;
Wherein, with the stereometer of water, described first coating solution contains fludioxonil seed coat agent 0.2-0.3g/L, Imidacloprid seed coat agent 1-1.5g/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 2.5-3.5g/L.
5. the implantation methods of potato according to claim 4, is characterized in that, in step (d), the mass ratio of described first coating solution and described potato seed is 1:90-100.
6. the implantation methods of potato according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, in step (e), wherein, the main component of described taking root liquid is the mixed solution of IBA, IAA, NAA, and with the stereometer of taking root liquid, described taking root liquid contains IBA 300-500mg/L, IAA 400-700mg/L, NAA 150-300mg/L.
7. the implantation methods of potato according to claim 3, is characterized in that, in step (e), the time that described taking root liquid soaks is 30-60min, carries out ultrasonic process while immersion; Wherein, hyperacoustic power is 100-150W, each ultrasonic 10-15s, ultrasonic is spaced apart 30-50s adjacent twice.
8. the implantation methods of potato according to claim 3, is characterized in that, in step (d), the weight of the potato seed block obtained of stripping and slicing is 30 ~ 40g.
9. the implantation methods of potato according to claim 3, is characterized in that, in step (f), the length of the bud that described germination obtains is 3 ~ 4 ㎝.
10. the implantation methods of potato according to claim 9, is characterized in that, in step (f), is planted by the bud obtained after 0-5 DEG C of astigmatism refining bud 3 ~ 5d again.
CN201410686820.0A 2014-11-25 2014-11-25 A kind of implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi Expired - Fee Related CN104472165B (en)

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CN105409954A (en) * 2015-11-20 2016-03-23 北京农学院 Composition capable of promoting rooting survival of plantlets
CN105638202A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-06-08 中国农业科学院棉花研究所 Novel light, simple and efficient cultivation method for continuous cropping of cotton and potatoes
CN106258409A (en) * 2016-08-15 2017-01-04 松桃苗族自治县土肥站 A kind of implantation methods of selenium-enriched sweet potato
CN106386311A (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-02-15 江西省农业科学院水稻研究所 Method for suppressing growth advantage of accompanying plant of wild rice
CN106416695A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-02-22 程世忠 Sweet potato interplanting seedling cultivation method
CN106576857A (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-04-26 阜阳市殿兴农业科技有限公司 High-yield planting method for potato
CN106576783A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-04-26 蚌埠市众星蔬果科技专业合作社联合社 High-density potato planting management method
CN106665061A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-17 蚌埠市众星蔬果科技专业合作社联合社 Seedling culture method capable of increasing yield of potatoes
CN106856947A (en) * 2017-03-09 2017-06-20 海门市杰渊农产品有限公司 The plantation technique of high yield potato
CN106900207A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-06-30 广州市金稻农业科技有限公司 Ultrasonic wave is defeated to carry introduces a collection root tuber, stem tuber and bar vegetative propagation stimulation treatment device
CN106922366A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-07 农德志 Potato planting method
CN107018775A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-08-08 海门市兵杰农产品有限公司 The implantation methods of potato
CN107455131A (en) * 2017-09-04 2017-12-12 张德龙 A kind of implantation methods of potato
CN107750880A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-03-06 佛山市高明区云大机械科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of potato
CN108142237A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-06-12 青海大学 A kind of implantation methods for promoting potato yield
CN108260491A (en) * 2018-04-15 2018-07-10 徐州天马敬安食品有限公司 A kind of cultural method of winter sowing burdock
CN108476901A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-09-04 徐晓琴 A kind of implantation methods of potato
CN108522188A (en) * 2018-04-15 2018-09-14 徐州康汇百年食品有限公司 A kind of high yield cultivating method of winter sowing burdock
CN109315245A (en) * 2018-09-03 2019-02-12 香港六合康泰国际集团有限公司 A kind of cultivating method of crop
CN110122239A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-08-16 毕节市农业科学研究所 A method of enhancing potato plant drought tolerance

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Cited By (20)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105409954A (en) * 2015-11-20 2016-03-23 北京农学院 Composition capable of promoting rooting survival of plantlets
CN105638202A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-06-08 中国农业科学院棉花研究所 Novel light, simple and efficient cultivation method for continuous cropping of cotton and potatoes
CN106258409A (en) * 2016-08-15 2017-01-04 松桃苗族自治县土肥站 A kind of implantation methods of selenium-enriched sweet potato
CN106386311A (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-02-15 江西省农业科学院水稻研究所 Method for suppressing growth advantage of accompanying plant of wild rice
CN106416695A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-02-22 程世忠 Sweet potato interplanting seedling cultivation method
CN106576783A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-04-26 蚌埠市众星蔬果科技专业合作社联合社 High-density potato planting management method
CN106665061A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-17 蚌埠市众星蔬果科技专业合作社联合社 Seedling culture method capable of increasing yield of potatoes
CN106576857A (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-04-26 阜阳市殿兴农业科技有限公司 High-yield planting method for potato
CN106856947A (en) * 2017-03-09 2017-06-20 海门市杰渊农产品有限公司 The plantation technique of high yield potato
CN107018775A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-08-08 海门市兵杰农产品有限公司 The implantation methods of potato
CN106900207A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-06-30 广州市金稻农业科技有限公司 Ultrasonic wave is defeated to carry introduces a collection root tuber, stem tuber and bar vegetative propagation stimulation treatment device
CN106922366A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-07 农德志 Potato planting method
CN107455131A (en) * 2017-09-04 2017-12-12 张德龙 A kind of implantation methods of potato
CN107750880A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-03-06 佛山市高明区云大机械科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of potato
CN108142237A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-06-12 青海大学 A kind of implantation methods for promoting potato yield
CN108260491A (en) * 2018-04-15 2018-07-10 徐州天马敬安食品有限公司 A kind of cultural method of winter sowing burdock
CN108522188A (en) * 2018-04-15 2018-09-14 徐州康汇百年食品有限公司 A kind of high yield cultivating method of winter sowing burdock
CN108476901A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-09-04 徐晓琴 A kind of implantation methods of potato
CN109315245A (en) * 2018-09-03 2019-02-12 香港六合康泰国际集团有限公司 A kind of cultivating method of crop
CN110122239A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-08-16 毕节市农业科学研究所 A method of enhancing potato plant drought tolerance

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