CN104472165B - A kind of implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104472165B
CN104472165B CN201410686820.0A CN201410686820A CN104472165B CN 104472165 B CN104472165 B CN 104472165B CN 201410686820 A CN201410686820 A CN 201410686820A CN 104472165 B CN104472165 B CN 104472165B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
potato seed
rhizoma solani
solani tuber
tuber osi
potato
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201410686820.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104472165A (en
Inventor
孔祥宜
陈明冰
石丽
Original Assignee
孔祥宜
陈明冰
石丽
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 孔祥宜, 陈明冰, 石丽 filed Critical 孔祥宜
Priority to CN201410686820.0A priority Critical patent/CN104472165B/en
Publication of CN104472165A publication Critical patent/CN104472165A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104472165B publication Critical patent/CN104472165B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0256Ground coverings
    • A01G13/0268Mats or sheets, e.g. nets or fabrics
    • A01G13/0275Films
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The present invention relates to crop-planting field, particularly to the implantation methods of a kind of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, comprise the following steps: site preparation and fertilization, trench digging;Being placed in ditch by potato seed, ridging earthing, on ridge, the part of potato seed plantation covers colorless and transparent film, and the both sides black thin film of colorless and transparent film covers;Carrying out field management, results obtain Rhizoma Solani tuber osi.The method adopts the mode that colorless and transparent film coordinates with black thin film to plant Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, and colorless and transparent film printing opacity in early days is good, heats fast, makes Rhizoma Solani tuber osi root of hair early;Black thin film visible light transmittance rate is low, it is possible to suppressing weed growth, weeding rate is up to about 90%;At the middle and late growth stage, root system enters below black thin film, it is therefore prevented that high temperature under the film that strong daylight causes, it is to avoid root system senilism;It is that good temperature environment is created in the growth of potato block in the knot potato phase, there is the function regulating ground temperature not available for other mulch films;Not only reduce the labor intensity of weeding, also make yield have and be substantially improved.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi
Technical field
The present invention relates to crop-planting field, in particular to the implantation methods of a kind of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi.
Background technology
Rhizoma Solani tuber osi is drought-enduring with it, barren-resistant, high-yield and high-efficiency, wide adaptability, nutritional labeling are complete and enrich, the feature such as industry chain length, the extremely favor of common people and attention.In recent years, the potato planting area of China also in the trend constantly risen, has reached 488.7 ten thousand hectares by 2005, has been the country that potato planting area is maximum in the world, accounted for more than the 20% of grown worldwide area, accounted for about the 70% of Asia.But the average per unit area yield in the whole nation is still below world average level, only has 14.5 tons/hectare.
At present, the plantation of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi is primarily present following problem: one is yield poorly;Two is complex management, expends a large amount of manpower;Three is that pest and disease damage is serious.Therefore, how to solve these problems and be always up people's problem demanding prompt solution.
" agriculture of gansu science and technology " the 12nd phase in 2012 discloses " Rhizoma Solani tuber osi black mulch film all standing side ridge culture broadcasts cultivation technique ", but, the method all replacing colorless and transparent film with black mulch film, make Rhizoma Solani tuber osi emerge slowly, the Seedling jaundice, the growth potential that obtain are weak.
In view of this, the special proposition present invention.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the implantation methods of a kind of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, by seedling is improved, then the mode that seedling is coordinated by black thin film and transparent membrane is planted, yield is improved, pest and disease damage alleviates, and decrease the labor intensity of field management, the problem well solving current potato planting.
In order to realize the above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, spy by the following technical solutions:
The implantation methods of a kind of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, comprises the following steps:
(a), site preparation and fertilization, trench digging;
(b), potato seed is placed in ditch, ridging earthing, on ridge potato seed plantation part cover colorless and transparent film, the both sides black thin film of colorless and transparent film covers;
(c), carry out field management, results obtain Rhizoma Solani tuber osi.
The implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi provided by the invention, adopts the mode that colorless and transparent film coordinates with black thin film to plant Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, and colorless and transparent film printing opacity in early days is good, heats fast, makes Rhizoma Solani tuber osi root of hair early, is the key of precocious volume increase;Black thin film visible light transmittance rate is low, it is possible to suppressing weed growth, weeding rate is up to about 90%, effective, pollution-free.At the middle and late stage of potato growth, the root system that elongation expands enters below black thin film, it is therefore prevented that high temperature under the film that strong daylight causes, it is to avoid root system senilism;It is that good temperature environment is created in the growth of potato block in the Rhizoma Solani tuber osi knot potato phase, there is the function regulating ground temperature not available for other mulch films.The present invention adopts the color matching mulch film that black thin film and colorless and transparent film are alternate, played black and the advantage of transparent two kinds of mulch films, it is to avoid respective inferior position, maximizes favourable factors and minimizes unfavourable ones, not only reduces the labor intensity of weeding, also makes yield have and be substantially improved.
Wherein, colorless and transparent film and black thin film can individually cover, it is possible to use the black and white Double-color film of one covers, and are colorless and transparent film in the middle of this black and white Double-color film, and both sides are black thin film.
Preferably, the light transmittance of described black thin film is less than 25%;The thickness of described colorless and transparent film is 0.006~0.008.The black thin film of this parameter and colorless and transparent film further increase fiting effect each other.
Further, Rhizoma Solani tuber osi is placed in ditch by trench digging, plants two row potato seeds, and diagonally opposing corner is sowed, and the spacing in the rows of each row is 20~25, and the distance between this two row Rhizoma Solani tuber osi is 13-15cm;Ridging earthing, the ridge fabric width 40-50cm obtained, row spacing is 70-80cm.Wherein, using the black and white Double-color film of one to be covered on ridge, middle colorless and transparent film covers 2 row potato seeds simultaneously, and the width of colorless and transparent film is 15-18cm;The both sides of colorless and transparent film use black thin film to cover, and to accomplish smooth tight buckle during overlay film, and furrow head furrow limit mulch film is buried in the earth about 10, and it is real to bury soil pressure, will reach " tight, tight, flat, wide ", and namely limit pressure is tight, membrane cover is tight, face is paved, seen light face width;After epiphragma, available wet soil is every several meters of mound press mold Radix Saposhnikoviaes.
Further, in step (b), described potato seed is prepared by following methods:
D (), potato seed stripping and slicing, obtain potato seed block;
(e), described potato seed block taking root liquid is soaked;
(f), then with coating blend by soak after potato seed block mix thoroughly, germinate, obtain described potato seed;
By weight, described coating blend contains 70% thiophanate-methyl wettable powder 100-200 part, the 100-200 part of mancozeb wettable powder more than 70%, 72% streptomycin wettable powder 20-50 part, Pulvis Talci 1000-1500 part.
The potato seed block of stripping and slicing is first soaked with taking root liquid, makes taking root liquid be impregnated in potato seed block, take root offer excellent basis for follow-up germination;Then germinate after the coated process of potato seed block after immersion, the main pest control disease of Cotton seeds.The potato seed growth finally obtained is vigorous, and color is emerald green.By the potato seed that obtains after planting, yield obtains bigger raising, and in planting process, pest and disease damage alleviates, and has the effect of highly significant.
In Cotton seeds, the disease of various crop all can effectively be prevented and treated by thiophanate-methyl wettable powder, many mancozeb wettable powders and streptomycin wettable powder, Pulvis Talci had both had the decomposition well preventing potato seed block, have the scattered effect well of other compositions again, make each composition be attached to equably on potato seed block.The present invention by these four composition with specific ratio with the use of, chemiluminescence between them, not only considerably reduce the pest and disease damage of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi underground and aerial parts, it is ensured that potato seed block is germinateing and keeping very strong vigor in rooting process.
Taking root liquid can select some commercially available prod, such as the Ai Bidi ABT root-inducing powder bought, its using method by specification carries out, the difference is that, the time soaked is maintained at 30-60min, as adopted infusion method: before broadcasting, potato seed block is immersed in 30-60min in 25-50ppm solution.
Potato seed processes before dicing also through the process of normal procedure, such as the potato seed that adopts dry in the sun 1~2d in the sun before warehouse-in storage, to kill tuber surface pathogenic bacteria and to reduce tuber moisture;Before sowing 30d, bask seeds after rejecting the rotten potato block of disease 1~2d, the potato seed high to obtain quality.
Additionally, the fine quality of high-yield early-maturing is selected in potato seed, it is generally adopted the period of duration (the emerge results) early-maturing variety at 55~65d, as the G1 such as No. 1 is drawn for virus-free seed potato in Holland 15, Shandong.
Further, in step (d), processing through the first coating solution before potato seed stripping and slicing, it is spray potato seed with the first coating solution that described first coating solution processes, and dries rear stripping and slicing;
Wherein, with the stereometer of water, described first coating solution contains CGA-173506 seed coat agent 0.2-0.3g/L, imidacloprid seed coat agent 1-1.5g/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 2.5-3.5g/L.
The kind that CGA-173506 seed coat agent is mainly used in preventing and treating vegetable and field crop as seed treatment passes and soil-borne disease;Imidacloprid seed coat agent is mainly used in Semen Tritici aestivi and Semen Maydis, and this seed coat agent is applied to Rhizoma Solani tuber osi by the present invention, has and prevents sucking pest and subterranean pest-insects such as eliminating aphis, the effect of prevention potato virus disease;The growth that the potassium dihydrogen phosphate adding certain content is seedling provides sufficient nutrient.In experiments it is found that, the effect sprayed is had a great impact by each effective constituent concentration, if each effective constituent concentration is too low, potato seed is contained within too many moisture, it is easy to causes the breakage of potato seed superficial cell, and then affects follow-up germination;If each effective constituent concentration is too high, then potato seed surface can remain too much effective ingredient, and potato seed surface is also easily caused murder by poisoning.Empirical tests finds, the present invention selects each effective ingredient of certain concentration, and potato seed, after the first coating solution sprays and dries, is immersed in potato seed, these three effective ingredient coordinated, and the seedling early growth obtained is healthy and strong, and the not various pest and disease damage of easy infection.
Wherein, CGA-173506 seed coat agent when CGA-173506 seed coat agent can select a kind of new pyrrole class non-internal-absorting wide-spectrum bactericide of Syngenta Co., Ltd's development and production to fit happy;The CGA-173506 seed coat agent of other similar brands is also in protection scope of the present invention.Imidacloprid seed coat agent selects high skilful imidacloprid seed coat agent, and the imidacloprid seed coat agent of other similar brands is also in protection scope of the present invention.
Finding through test, the first coating solution is particularly important with the adding proportion of potato seed, if the first coating solution sprays too much, later stage germination percentage is low, and the bud obtained is weak;The very few effect not reaching again sterilizing and nutrition sprayed;Spraying within the scope of 1:90-100 with the mass ratio of the first coating solution Yu potato seed, the blastogenesis length obtained is vigorous, and does not subject to disease.Preferably, in step (d), the mass ratio of described first coating solution and described potato seed is 1:90-100.
Preferably, in step (e), the mixed solution being mainly composed of IBA, IAA, NAA of described taking root liquid, with the stereometer of taking root liquid, described taking root liquid contains IBA300-500mg/L, IAA400-700mg/L, NAA150-300mg/L.Adopting this taking root liquid that potato seed block is soaked, make taking root liquid be immersed in potato seed block, potato seed block germinates after plantation, and the root obtained is more sturdy and flourishing, and the raising of yield is had important function.Wherein, the configuration of taking root liquid is generally adopted first dissolves IBA, IAA, NAA with the ethanol of 95%, is then settled to the concentration of use again with water.
Preferably, in step (e), the time that described taking root liquid soaks is 30-60min, carries out ultrasonic Treatment while immersion;Wherein, hyperacoustic power is 100-150W, each ultrasonic 10-15s, ultrasonic is spaced apart 30-50s adjacent twice.
When controlling specific taking root liquid concentration, it is aided with specific ultrasonic processing method, potato seed is after plantation of germinateing, can greatly stimulate cell division, considerably improving rooting rate, and the root system obtained is comparatively homogeneous, the Rhizoma Solani tuber osi homogeneity of final results is good, and knot potato rate is high, considerably improves the yield of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi.
Finding through test of many times, the weight of the potato seed block that stripping and slicing obtains is 30~40g, and the yield of the Rhizoma Solani tuber osi obtained is higher.It is too much that potato seed block crosses the root system produced in the follow-up planting process of ambassador, and the stem and leaf of aerial parts is not enough to support to make the growth of underground tuber the Tuber development atrophy of underground, cause low yield;And the too small Rhizoma Solani tuber osi undernutrition in seedling stage that makes of potato seed block, growth potential is weak, and the resistance of pest and disease damage is poor, very easily causes and is short of seedling, thus affecting final yield.Preferably, in step (d), the weight of the potato seed block that stripping and slicing obtains is 30~40g.
Being prone to accelerating germination at 10~15 DEG C, promote to sprout, under this temperature conditions, general about 20d can obtain growing to the bud of 3-4cm.Finding through test of many times, the length of the bud obtained is 3~4, is easier to survival, and takes root suitably in underground after the plantation of follow-up potato seed block.In step (f), the length of the bud that described germination obtains is 3~4.
Further, in step (f), the bud obtained is planted after 0-5 DEG C of astigmatism refines bud 3~5d again.The present invention carries out astigmatism refining bud by long to the specific selection low temperature of bud of certain altitude, adds the bud toleration to low temperature, enhances the resistivity of bud environment to external world.After bud plantation after K cryogenic treatment, having very strong vitality, can better adapt to planting environment, Rhizoma Solani tuber osi grows more vigorous in growth course, thus adding the yield of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi.
Compared with prior art, the invention have the benefit that
(1) adopt the mode that coordinates with black thin film of colorless and transparent film to plant Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, played black and the advantage of transparent two kinds of mulch films, it is to avoid respective inferior position, maximize favourable factors and minimize unfavourable ones, not only reducing the labor intensity of weeding, weeding rate, up to about 90%, also makes yield have and is substantially improved;
(2) the potato seed block of stripping and slicing has carried out taking root liquid immersion, and the potato seed growth obtained is vigorous, and color is emerald green, and after planting, harvest time, yield obtained bigger raising, and in planting process, pest and disease damage alleviates, and has the effect of highly significant in advance;
(3) before potato seed stripping and slicing, the first coating solution through special component content processes, and after drying, is immersed in potato seed, makes each effective ingredient coordinated, and the seedling early growth obtained is healthy and strong, and the not various pest and disease damage of easy infection;
(4) adopting the taking root liquid of special component content that potato seed block is soaked, make taking root liquid be immersed in potato seed block, potato seed block germinates after plantation, and the root obtained is more sturdy and flourishing, and the raising of yield is had important function;
(5) when controlling specific taking root liquid concentration, it is aided with specific ultrasonic processing method, potato seed is after plantation of germinateing, can greatly stimulate cell division, considerably improving rooting rate, and the root system obtained is comparatively homogeneous, the Rhizoma Solani tuber osi homogeneity of final results is good, and knot potato rate is high, improves the yield of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi significantly;
(6) thiophanate-methyl wettable powder, mancozeb wettable powder more than 70%, 72% streptomycin wettable powder and Pulvis Talci with specific ratio with the use of, it is attached on potato seed block uniformly, chemiluminescence between them, not only greatly reduce the pest and disease damage of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi underground and aerial parts, it is ensured that potato seed block is germinateing and keeping very strong vigor in rooting process;
(7) the specific weight limiting potato seed block is as 30~40g, it is ensured that meet Rhizoma Solani tuber osi seedling growth desired nutritional so that the root system arrived is suitable, further increases the yield of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi;
(8) plant again after the bud obtained is carried out specific low temperature astigmatism refining bud, add the bud toleration to low temperature, enhance the resistivity of bud environment to external world.After bud plantation after K cryogenic treatment, having very strong vitality, can better adapt to planting environment, Rhizoma Solani tuber osi grows more vigorous in growth course, thus adding the yield of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, embodiment of the present invention are described in detail, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the following example is merely to illustrate the present invention, and are not construed as restriction the scope of the present invention.Unreceipted actual conditions person in embodiment, conventionally the condition of condition or manufacturer's suggestion carries out.Agents useful for same or the unreceipted production firm person of instrument, being can by the conventional products of commercially available acquisition.
Embodiment 1
The implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, comprises the following steps:
Site preparation and fertilization, trench digging, potato seed is placed in ditch, plants two row potato seeds, the distance between each row Rhizoma Solani tuber osi is 13cm, and diagonally opposing corner is sowed, and the spacing in the rows of each row is 25;Ridging earthing, the ridge fabric width 40 obtained, row spacing is 80;
Group 1: the part of potato seed plantation covers colorless and transparent film, the both sides of colorless and transparent film are that black thin film covers;
Group 2: all cover colorless and transparent film;
Group 3: all cover black thin film;
Carrying out field management, results obtain Rhizoma Solani tuber osi;
Wherein, potato seed is prepared in the following manner:
Selecting Dutch 15 potato seeds, spray potato seed with the first coating solution, the mass ratio of the first coating solution and potato seed is 1:90, dries rear stripping and slicing, and the weight of the potato seed block obtained is 30~40g;
Wherein, with the stereometer of water, the first coating solution contains CGA-173506 seed coat agent 0.3g/L, imidacloprid seed coat agent 1.5g/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3.5g/L;
Being soaked by potato seed block taking root liquid, wherein, the mixed solution being mainly composed of IBA, IAA, NAA of taking root liquid, with the stereometer of taking root liquid, taking root liquid contains IBA400mg/L, IAA500mg/L, NAA200mg/L;
The time that taking root liquid soaks is 45min, carries out ultrasonic Treatment while immersion;Wherein, hyperacoustic power is 120W, each ultrasonic 12s, ultrasonic is spaced apart 40s adjacent twice;
With coating blend, the potato seed block after immersion is mixed thoroughly;
By weight, coating blend contains 70% thiophanate-methyl wettable powder 150 parts, mancozeb wettable powder more than 70% 150 parts, 72% streptomycin wettable powder 35 parts, Pulvis Talci 1200 parts;
Being subsequently placed under 10-15 DEG C of temperature environment to germinate, the length of the bud obtained that germinates is 3~3.5, and after 5 DEG C of astigmatism refine bud 3d, namely the bud obtained is obtained potato seed.
Embodiment 2
The implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, comprises the following steps:
Site preparation and fertilization, trench digging, potato seed is placed in ditch, plants two row potato seeds, the distance between each row Rhizoma Solani tuber osi is 14cm, and diagonally opposing corner is sowed, and the spacing in the rows of each row is 22;Ridging earthing, the ridge fabric width 45 obtained, row spacing is 75;
Group 1: the part of potato seed plantation covers colorless and transparent film, the both sides of colorless and transparent film are that black thin film covers;
Group 2: all cover colorless and transparent film;
Group 3: all cover black thin film;
Carrying out field management, results obtain Rhizoma Solani tuber osi;
Wherein, potato seed is prepared in the following manner:
Selecting Dutch 15 potato seeds, spray potato seed with the first coating solution, the mass ratio of the first coating solution and potato seed is 1:95, dries rear stripping and slicing, and the weight of the potato seed block obtained is 30~40g;
Wherein, with the stereometer of water, the first coating solution contains CGA-173506 seed coat agent 0.2g/L, imidacloprid seed coat agent 1.0g/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3g/L;
Being soaked by potato seed block taking root liquid, wherein, the mixed solution being mainly composed of IBA, IAA, NAA of taking root liquid, with the stereometer of taking root liquid, taking root liquid contains IBA500mg/L, IAA400mg/L, NAA300mg/L;
The time that taking root liquid soaks is 60min, carries out ultrasonic Treatment while immersion;Wherein, hyperacoustic power is 100W, each ultrasonic 15s, ultrasonic is spaced apart 50s adjacent twice;
With coating blend, the potato seed block after immersion is mixed thoroughly;
By weight, coating blend contains 70% thiophanate-methyl wettable powder 100 parts, mancozeb wettable powder more than 70% 200 parts, 72% streptomycin wettable powder 20 parts, Pulvis Talci 1000 parts;
Being subsequently placed under 10-15 DEG C of temperature environment to germinate, the length of the bud obtained that germinates is 3~3.5, and after 0 DEG C of astigmatism refines bud 4d, namely the bud obtained is obtained potato seed.
Embodiment 3
The implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, comprises the following steps:
Site preparation and fertilization, trench digging, potato seed is placed in ditch, plants two row potato seeds, the distance between each row Rhizoma Solani tuber osi is 15cm, and diagonally opposing corner is sowed, and the spacing in the rows of each row is 20;Ridging earthing, ridge fabric width 50 row spacing obtained is 70;
Group 1: the part of potato seed plantation covers colorless and transparent film, the both sides of colorless and transparent film are that black thin film covers;
Group 2: all cover colorless and transparent film;
Group 3: all cover black thin film;
Carrying out field management, results obtain Rhizoma Solani tuber osi;
Wherein, potato seed is prepared in the following manner:
Selecting Dutch 15 potato seeds, spray potato seed with the first coating solution, the mass ratio of the first coating solution and potato seed is 1:100, dries rear stripping and slicing, and the weight of the potato seed block obtained is 30~40g;
Wherein, with the stereometer of water, the first coating solution contains CGA-173506 seed coat agent 0.2g/L, imidacloprid seed coat agent 1.5g/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 2.5g/L;
Being soaked by potato seed block taking root liquid, wherein, the mixed solution being mainly composed of IBA, IAA, NAA of taking root liquid, with the stereometer of taking root liquid, taking root liquid contains IBA300mg/L, IAA700mg/L, NAA150mg/L;
The time that taking root liquid soaks is 30min, carries out ultrasonic Treatment while immersion;Wherein, hyperacoustic power is 150W, each ultrasonic 10s, ultrasonic is spaced apart 30s adjacent twice;
With coating blend, the potato seed block after immersion is mixed thoroughly;
By weight, coating blend contains 70% thiophanate-methyl wettable powder 200 parts, mancozeb wettable powder more than 70% 100 parts, 72% streptomycin wettable powder 50 parts, Pulvis Talci 1500 parts;
Being subsequently placed under 10-15 DEG C of temperature environment to germinate, the length of the bud obtained that germinates is 3.5~4, and after 3 DEG C of astigmatism refine bud 5d, namely the bud obtained is obtained potato seed.
Matched group is set simultaneously, implantation methods in matched group group is with embodiment 1, the difference is that, potato seed in matched group adopts following methods to prepare: first by Dutch 15 potato seeds preimpregnation 1 minute in the warm water of 20 DEG C, then dry after soaking potato seed 15 minutes with 72% gram of dew (800 times of liquid), germinate after stripping and slicing, obtain potato seed;The implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi provided in embodiment 1-3 and matched group is respectively provided with three repetition, each is repeated as 1 mu of ground, plants at random between each repetition.
The Rhizoma Solani tuber osi of plantation is uniformly carried out management, comes into bloom foliage-spray 0.2% boric acid Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, at potato block expanding stage foliage-spray potassium dihydrogen phosphate;Spray the first resistance medicinal liquid, wherein, the potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution that composition is 0.6% of the first resistance medicinal liquid and 1000 times of liquid of 70% thiophanate-methyl, increase the resistance of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, defence frost and disease and occur;Spray 687.5g/L silver method 600 times of anti-late blights of liquid of profit;Spraying anti-late blight liquid, anti-late blight liquid contains dimethomorph, Du Pont gram dew, in addition it is also necessary to spray the anti-aphid of imidacloprid, 0.6% potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution protection blade.Spray said medicine as requested, and record the number of times sprayed.The result finally given is in Table 1.
The result of table 1 potato planting
As it can be seen from table 1 the implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi provided by the invention has saved the work number of times of production management greatly, and yield has had and has been substantially improved, and has extraordinary effect;Additionally, it can be clearly seen that the present invention adopts the Rhizoma Solani tuber osi rice shoot growing way that the mode that colorless and transparent film coordinates with black thin film is planted good in planting process, weeds are few;The Rhizoma Solani tuber osi rice shoot growing way individually adopting colorless and transparent film plantation is general, and weeds are many;The Rhizoma Solani tuber osi rice shoot weeds individually adopting black thin film plantation are few, but growing way is weak.In planting process, the Rhizoma Solani tuber osi of colorless and transparent film is individually adopted to need weeding, hence it is evident that to add labour force.
It addition, the potato seed that the present inventor also adopts other has been planted, as Shandong draws No. 1, its result is consistent with Dutch 15 results.
Although illustrate and describing the present invention with specific embodiment, however it will be appreciated that may be made that when without departing substantially from the spirit and scope of the present invention many other change and amendment.It is, therefore, intended that include all such changes and modifications belonging in the scope of the invention in the following claims.

Claims (5)

1. the implantation methods of a Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(a), site preparation and fertilization, trench digging;
(b), potato seed is placed in ditch, ridging earthing, on ridge potato seed plantation part cover colorless and transparent film, the both sides black thin film of colorless and transparent film covers;
(c), carry out field management, results obtain Rhizoma Solani tuber osi;
In step (b), described potato seed is prepared by following methods:
D (), potato seed stripping and slicing, obtain potato seed block;
(e), described potato seed block taking root liquid is soaked;
(f), then with coating blend by soak after potato seed block mix thoroughly, germinate, obtain described potato seed;
By weight, described coating blend contains 70% thiophanate-methyl wettable powder 100-200 part, the 100-200 part of mancozeb wettable powder more than 70%, 72% streptomycin wettable powder 20-50 part, Pulvis Talci 1000-1500 part;
In step (d), processing through the first coating solution before potato seed stripping and slicing, it is spray potato seed with the first coating solution that described first coating solution processes, and dries rear stripping and slicing;
Wherein, with the stereometer of water, described first coating solution contains CGA-173506 seed coat agent 0.2-0.3g/L, imidacloprid seed coat agent 1-1.5g/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 2.5-3.5g/L;
In step (d), the mass ratio of described first coating solution and described potato seed is 1:90-100;
In step (e), wherein, the mixed solution being mainly composed of IBA, IAA, NAA of described taking root liquid, with the stereometer of taking root liquid, described taking root liquid contains IBA300-500mg/L, IAA400-700mg/L, NAA150-300mg/L;
In step (e), the time that described taking root liquid soaks is 30-60min, carries out ultrasonic Treatment while immersion;Wherein, hyperacoustic power is 100-150W, each ultrasonic 10-15s, ultrasonic is spaced apart 30-50s adjacent twice.
2. the implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the ridge fabric width 40-50cm that ridging obtains, planting two row potato seeds on ridge, the distance between each row Rhizoma Solani tuber osi is 13-15cm, and row spacing is 70-80cm, diagonally opposing corner is sowed, and the spacing in the rows of each row is 20~25.
3. the implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (d), the weight of the potato seed block obtained of stripping and slicing is 30~40g.
4. the implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (f), the length of the bud that described germination obtains is 3~4.
5. the implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi according to claim 4, it is characterised in that in step (f), plants the bud obtained after 0-5 DEG C of astigmatism refines bud 3~5d again.
CN201410686820.0A 2014-11-25 2014-11-25 A kind of implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi Expired - Fee Related CN104472165B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410686820.0A CN104472165B (en) 2014-11-25 2014-11-25 A kind of implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410686820.0A CN104472165B (en) 2014-11-25 2014-11-25 A kind of implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104472165A CN104472165A (en) 2015-04-01
CN104472165B true CN104472165B (en) 2016-06-29

Family

ID=52746892

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410686820.0A Expired - Fee Related CN104472165B (en) 2014-11-25 2014-11-25 A kind of implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104472165B (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106856947A (en) * 2017-03-09 2017-06-20 海门市杰渊农产品有限公司 The plantation technique of high yield potato
CN107018775A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-08-08 海门市兵杰农产品有限公司 The implantation methods of potato

Families Citing this family (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105409954A (en) * 2015-11-20 2016-03-23 北京农学院 Composition capable of promoting rooting survival of plantlets
CN105638202A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-06-08 中国农业科学院棉花研究所 Novel light, simple and efficient cultivation method for continuous cropping of cotton and potatoes
CN106258409A (en) * 2016-08-15 2017-01-04 松桃苗族自治县土肥站 A kind of implantation methods of selenium-enriched sweet potato
CN106386311A (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-02-15 江西省农业科学院水稻研究所 Method for suppressing growth advantage of accompanying plant of wild rice
CN106416695A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-02-22 程世忠 Sweet potato interplanting seedling cultivation method
CN106665061A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-17 蚌埠市众星蔬果科技专业合作社联合社 Seedling culture method capable of increasing yield of potatoes
CN106576783A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-04-26 蚌埠市众星蔬果科技专业合作社联合社 High-density potato planting management method
CN106576857A (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-04-26 阜阳市殿兴农业科技有限公司 High-yield planting method for potato
CN106922366A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-07 农德志 Potato planting method
CN107455131A (en) * 2017-09-04 2017-12-12 张德龙 A kind of implantation methods of potato
CN107750880A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-03-06 佛山市高明区云大机械科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of potato
CN108142237A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-06-12 青海大学 A kind of implantation methods for promoting potato yield
CN108260491B (en) * 2018-04-15 2021-01-05 徐州天马敬安食品有限公司 Cultivation method of winter sowing burdock
CN108522188A (en) * 2018-04-15 2018-09-14 徐州康汇百年食品有限公司 A kind of high yield cultivating method of winter sowing burdock
CN108476901A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-09-04 徐晓琴 A kind of implantation methods of potato
CN110122239A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-08-16 毕节市农业科学研究所 A method of enhancing potato plant drought tolerance

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2860628B2 (en) * 1994-06-27 1999-02-24 柳八 丸本 Potato cultivation method and multi-film
CN101091434A (en) * 2006-06-23 2007-12-26 王万丽 Method for planting spring seeding potato
CN101810085A (en) * 2009-02-24 2010-08-25 重庆市合川区合双科技有限公司 Method for planting potatoes
CN102511277A (en) * 2011-12-16 2012-06-27 枣庄市伊禾果蔬科学研究所 Potato cultivation method for cold protection and thermal insulation in early spring
CN103081672A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-05-08 安徽省绿溪洲农业科技发展有限公司 Method for cultivating potatoes
CN103782739A (en) * 2012-10-30 2014-05-14 吴燕 Potato planting method
CN103798051A (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-05-21 莫秀芳 Potato planting method

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2860628B2 (en) * 1994-06-27 1999-02-24 柳八 丸本 Potato cultivation method and multi-film
CN101091434A (en) * 2006-06-23 2007-12-26 王万丽 Method for planting spring seeding potato
CN101810085A (en) * 2009-02-24 2010-08-25 重庆市合川区合双科技有限公司 Method for planting potatoes
CN102511277A (en) * 2011-12-16 2012-06-27 枣庄市伊禾果蔬科学研究所 Potato cultivation method for cold protection and thermal insulation in early spring
CN103782739A (en) * 2012-10-30 2014-05-14 吴燕 Potato planting method
CN103081672A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-05-08 安徽省绿溪洲农业科技发展有限公司 Method for cultivating potatoes
CN103798051A (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-05-21 莫秀芳 Potato planting method

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
不同地膜覆盖对春季马铃薯生长及产量的影响;徐康乐等;《中国蔬菜》;20041231(第04期);第17-19页 *
北方接坝地区马铃薯种薯处理技术;李林;《现代农业科技》;20131231(第18期);第113页 *
春马铃薯—夏花生—秋马铃薯一年三作高效栽培技术;聂良鹏等;《现代农业科技》;20140720(第14期);第76-77、79页 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106856947A (en) * 2017-03-09 2017-06-20 海门市杰渊农产品有限公司 The plantation technique of high yield potato
CN107018775A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-08-08 海门市兵杰农产品有限公司 The implantation methods of potato

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104472165A (en) 2015-04-01

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104472165B (en) A kind of implantation methods of Rhizoma Solani tuber osi
CN104472056B (en) A kind of cultivating method of potato seed
CN104770174A (en) High-quality and high-yield planting method of oil peonies
CN103718802B (en) High-yield cotton cultivation method under condition of jujube-cotton intercropping
CN106034598A (en) Interplanting cultivation method for marigold and konjak
CN105766507A (en) Fertile-seedbed dry-seedling-raising method for rice
CN103444408B (en) High-yield seed reproduction method of purple perilla
CN105309152A (en) High-yield eggplant planting method
CN106258431A (en) A kind of black Fructus Lycii field seeding method for culturing seedlings being suitable for arid area
CN105309176A (en) A high-efficiency planting method for radix bupleuri
CN101099430A (en) Cotton net bottom plastic container seedlings transplanting method
CN106613185A (en) 2-oculture multi-plant close planting method for foxtail millet
CN107125004A (en) A kind of millet peanut summer sowing intercropping method of high-yield and high-efficiency
CN107182788A (en) The propagation method of bletilla seedling
CN106717929A (en) A kind of high yield cultivating method of casting skin sugarcane
CN109105186B (en) Cultivation method for strong seedlings with tillers of soil machine transplanting bowl body easy to leak water
CN106416857A (en) Planting method of high-calcium and low-sugar organic rice
CN103931370A (en) Pollution-free rice cultivation method
CN108419632A (en) The method of milpa crop rotation green manure crop
CN107593407A (en) A kind of implantation methods of camellia oil tree
CN205726954U (en) A kind of potato planting system
CN107211689A (en) A kind of imitating wild planting process for piercing coriander
CN104170624A (en) Honeysuckle cultivation technology
CN105746027A (en) Potato planting system and planting method thereof
CN105191717A (en) Planting method of organic rice

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160629

Termination date: 20161125