CN104430079A - Vegetable, rice and flower planting and net cage intercropping combination device and method - Google Patents

Vegetable, rice and flower planting and net cage intercropping combination device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104430079A
CN104430079A CN201410652482.9A CN201410652482A CN104430079A CN 104430079 A CN104430079 A CN 104430079A CN 201410652482 A CN201410652482 A CN 201410652482A CN 104430079 A CN104430079 A CN 104430079A
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net cage
water
rice
root
fish
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CN201410652482.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104430079B (en
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傅珍检
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傅珍检
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/60Fishing; Aquaculture; Aquafarming

Abstract

The invention provides a vegetable, rice and flower planting and net cage intercropping combination device. The device comprises a floating block, a net cage, a cultivation container and a fastening piece; the net cage is a circular or square container which is formed by a nylon net in a surrounding mode and does not have the top face, the floating block is placed at the top of the net case, and the cultivation container is placed on the floating block. By means of a vegetable, rice and flower planting and net cage intercropping combination device, pesticides are not needed, and the vegetable and rice planting cost is low; in addition, the environment is easily protected, a water body is purified, and economic benefits are generated through ponds and lakes. When the method is adopted for planting vegetables and rice and culturing fishes, ingredients such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium contained in the ponds and the lakes are absorbed by the cultured products and are microelements needed by the human bodies, nutrition is abundant, and the quality of the products is better than that of products cultured in land for growing field crops.

Description

Vegetables, paddy rice, flower planting and net cage overlap the apparatus and method of supporting and combining
Technical field
The invention belongs to agriculture field, particularly, relate to a kind of fish-cultivating method in conjunction with plant setting.
Background technology
South China, has in certain water source and water quality is better and irrigation condition is good pool or paddy field and all can put fish in a suitable place to breed.Through carefully feeding, every mu of paddy field can produce paddy rice 400kg, and river crab fish can produce about 200kg, reaches the effect of paddy rice and fish bumper harvests.
The water surface is planted without soil and plants the agrotechnique that thing is fast development in recent years.For the natural environment of the many surface water of south China, more should develop the planting technique of the water surface, to improve income and environmental quality.Soilless culture paddy rice on the water, the off line housing-case of Bound moisture is supported, and is the pattern of still not attempting in prior art.
Artificial floating bed uses water plants as main body, used the principle of soilless culture, realized the technology of water surface planting.Plant cultivation waterborne, because utilize the very large root system of plant of surface area to form dense net in water, has adsorbed the suspension be suspended in water, has formed biomembrane gradually, be absorbed by plants the nutriment becoming self, be conducive to plant growth.On the other hand, artificial floating bed effectively can utilize water surface area, reaches the object of landscape design and water remediation combination.Because this feature of artificial floating bed, artificial floating bed is used for greatly planting of flowers.Utilize artificial floating bed and net cage cover to support to combine, realizing various plants and cultivate and take into account and breed fish, is the technology obtaining better economic benefit, promising greatly.
Summary of the invention
For the weak point that this area exists, the object of the invention is to propose a kind ofly to overlap the foster device combined for vegetables, paddy rice, flower planting and net cage.
Another object of the present invention proposes a kind of vegetables, paddy rice, flower planting and net cage to overlap the method for supporting and combining.
The technical scheme realizing above-mentioned purpose of the present invention is:
Overlap the device of supporting and combining for vegetables, paddy rice, flower planting and net cage, comprising: buoyant block, net cage, cultivating container and securing member;
Described net cage is circle that nylon wire surrounds, that do not go up end face or square container,
Buoyant block is placed at the top of net cage, and buoyant block is placed at the top of net cage, buoyant block is placed in net cage, then couples together with waterproof rope and floating plate net cage, woodbox, place cultivating container with in waterproof rope buoyant block.
Buoyant block places cultivating container.
Wherein, the end of net cage is the same net with side.The end of net cage and side adopt silk screen to make.
Wherein, described buoyant block is cystosepiment, thickness of slab 8-15cm, every square metre of cystosepiment is opened 5-15 hole, places cultivating container in hole.
Wherein, described cultivating container is flowerpot and/or pot for growing seedlings; Kind is spent, the container of the rice that plants vegetables, plants is different.As: the flowerpot of planting India canna is perforate 20-30 cm diameter, because its root system is very flourishing, what water spinach adopted is small perforations, and such as drift net and floating plate, eyelet are suitable at 2-3 centimetre, too little easily falling down is blown away by stormy waves, and planting seedling also needs to fix with mud or sponge.The pot for growing seedlings diameter of rice cultivation is proper at 8-12 centimetre, because the general Mei Wan of its growth and maturity is in 10 cm one strains.
Described flowerpot is plastic material, has porous barrier in flowerpot, and cultivation matrix placed by porous barrier, and described cultivation matrix is the mixture of water-bed mud and fermentation farmyard manure;
Described pot for growing seedlings is plastic material, pot for growing seedlings bottom opening.
Vegetables, paddy rice, flower planting and net cage overlap the method for supporting and combining, and use device of the present invention, the method comprising the steps of:
1) net cage is set in lake or river, 10-30 bar fish supported by the every cubic metre of net cage that breeds fish fry in net cage, inlet specification is 80-120 gram, ecological fish does not need feeding, eat the microorganism of flowing in aquatic vegetable, flowering marsh plants root and drinking water, if that feeds is fixed on cover 60*50 centimetre of automatic feed throw-in machine in the middle of water plants, every day, start was fed 2-3 time, and the available machine time is 5-10 minute.The ratio of fish and plant is that a cubic meter net cage puts 15 tail, 80 grams of small fish.The kind of fish: silver carp, bighead, grass carp, carp, crucian, yellow eel, loach, snakeheaded fish, megalobrama amblycephala and non-crucian carp etc.
2) when vegetables grow to 15-20 centimetre in soil, rise with hand-lifting and plant pot for growing seedlings/flowerpot? if fish culture in net pen generally places a certain proportion of fertilizer at the 1st flowerpot, do not advise increasing fertilizer, because the excretion of fish food has fertilizer, play breeding balanced growth, the strain of every basin one;
Rice seedling grows to 10 centimetres and is transplanted in pot for growing seedlings, or having bud rice paddy seed point in alms bowl, water depth controls all to immerse in the special basin of paddy rice and water at the root of 1 centimetre of paddy rice.
From soil, dig out flower seedlings, culture transferring is in flowerpot.
3) planted flowers, vegetables, paddy rice cultivating container be placed in buoyant block, be positioned at front row or outside according to short plant, high plant is positioned at inner side or after the order of row put.
The selection of net cage set-up site: 1. the water level of net cage set-up site should not be crossed shallow or excessively dark, to cross at the bottom of tray mud, affect current and exchange and excremental outflow, the dark net cage of mistake is not easily fixed, generally with the depth of water 3 ~ 7 meters better.2. to avoid pasture and water to grow thickly district, because pasture and water grow thickly easily cause the uneven or anoxic of water body dissolved oxygen.3. current are unimpeded, and water quality is fresh, hidding and sunny side, and flow velocity wind-force within the scope of 0.05 ~ 0.2 meter per second is no more than the backwater gulf of 5 grades as well.4. cultivate the net cage of silver carp bighead, phytoplankton in every premium on currency should be selected to be 2,000,000, and Biomass of Zooplankton is the waters of more than 2000.Ku Wan, Hu Cha, sanitary sewage is had to note the water inlet of people, and the junction of rivers and canals, be all the ideal place that net cage is set.
Be generally planting flowering marsh plants and vegetables rice seedlings 3-4 month, fry sterilization places seedling to net cage later, generally that fish to grow to after 6 months 20-30 centimetre 3 to 6 jin and can receive fish, rice harves is in July 15-by the end of August once, late October to early November harvesting second time.
Wherein, described vegetables are selected from one or more in water spinach, romaine lettuce, green water cress, oenanthe stolonifera.
Described flowers are selected from purple lythrum flower, Iris tenuifolia flower, iron Scirpus tabernaemontani, India canna, Arundo donax, spend in vain in mullet grass, lotus, wilson iris, oral shui solution, again power flower, calamus, chrysanthemum one or more.
Described paddy rice be selected from multicolored paddy rice, grain quality rice, hybrid rice one or more.
Wherein, the transplanting of flowers is: the flowers plant chosen, dig out or pour out gently from flowerpot from soil, and first gently carry a stem with the right hand, left hand gently holds in the palm root system, and the right hand that swaps out is shaken gently, slowly pats, and root soil is come off and exposes whole root system.Then soak 15-20 minute in clear water, softly washing root with have gentle hands, through 2-3 time change water cleaning, until root is completely without soil, wash the water of root limpid transparent be not clean containing silt time side.
After spending clean earth, according to flower root system growing state, can suitably wipe out old root, old complaint and the yellow leaf of Lao Ye.Because hydroponic flowers root is the pith viewed and admired equally, so also will consider U.S. of its form when arranging root system, after pruning its root leaf, then clean one time in clear water, the root hair residue stayed when cutting to wash away, in order to avoid bring water planting utensil into and pollute.
Root is sterilized: after flower root system cleans up, and the potassium permanganate solution of preparation 0.1%, inserts in plastics or enamel basin, and its amount of solution can be how many and determine according to soaked flowers, once can soak number strain or many strains flowers, to flood whole root system for standard.After immersion 10-15 minute, flowers plant is taken out solution, then cleans in clear water and can plant.Note, root disinfecting time can not be long or too short, and liquor potassic permanganate degree also can not be too dense or too rare.Its suitable proportioning is except with except sky Pingdu weighing apparatus, main fixed by experience preparation and the color seeing solution.
Note when planting root system to be unfolded.Have basin if adopted, first can will load onto the water-bed mud of some in basin before planting and farmers''s fermentation water surface is fertile, after again flowers are implanted in basin.
The inventive method has the following advantages:
The method that the present invention proposes, without the need to agricultural chemicals, the cost of planting vegetable, paddy rice is low, and is conducive to protection of the environment, purifying water body, utilizes pond, lake to produce economic benefit.
Adopt method planting vegetable of the present invention and paddy rice, breed fish, the fish of fish culture net cage to absorb in pond, lake the compositions such as nitrogenous, phosphorus, potassium be the trace element of needed by human body, nutritious, quality is better than land for growing field crops cultivation.
Adopt fish culture in net pen, make full use of the water resource in excessive, excessively dark river, river, lake, storehouse, be not easy in the large water body managed, arrange the net cage allowing fish not escape not go out at this, be engaged in fish culture intensively, improve the value of water body water resource.
Flexibly and easily, good management, good operation, reduces fish disease and occurs, and improves cultured fishes listing quality.This feature is better than aqiuculrue greatly.When aqiuculrue, fish is the general pond in the unexpected sultry rising of temperature in summer easily, and easily because water body exchanges not in time, water quality is contaminated and sick.
Aquaculture cost is low, good in economic efficiency, catches well, improves the fresh and alive listing rate of fish, increases economic efficiency.Net cage manufacture is simple, cheap, greatly saves spending of breeding fish.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is embodiment 2 landscape effect photo.
Fig. 2 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 1 net cage.
Fig. 3 is circular net box structure schematic diagram.
In figure, 1 is waterproof fishing line, and 2 is galvanized steel bar pipe, and 3 is screen grid, and 4 is upper cover net, and 5 is lower cover net, and 6 is frame net, and 7 is main joist.
Embodiment
Following examples for illustration of the present invention, but are not used for limiting the scope of the invention.
Unless stated otherwise, the technology used in the present invention means are the technological means of this area routine.
Embodiment 1 device
Overlap the device of supporting and combining for vegetables, paddy rice, flower planting and net cage, comprising: buoyant block, net cage, cultivating container and securing member;
Described net cage is bulge (see Fig. 3) that nylon wire surrounds, that do not go up end face or square container (see Fig. 2), bulge pushes up system and have waterproof fishing line 1, with galvanized steel bar pipe (diameter 2.5-3 centimetre) for keel, the end is glass fiber grid 3.
Square net cage comprises cover net 4, and upper cover net is movable, and for putting fry and dragging for finished product, the joint face of net 5 for fixed border net is inserted at the end, and frame net 6 and off the net of upper cover ask meat to connect, and main joist 7 is the coating steel pipe of diameter 2-6cm.
Net cage arranges buoyant block, and stating buoyant block is cystosepiment, and thickness of slab 8-15cm every square metre of cystosepiment is opened 5-15 hole, places cultivating container in hole.
The flowerpot of planting India canna is perforate 20-30 cm diameter, because its root system is very flourishing, what water spinach adopted is small perforations, and such as drift net and floating plate, eyelet are suitable at 2-3 centimetre, too little easily falling down is blown away by stormy waves, and planting seedling also needs to fix with mud or sponge.Pot for growing seedlings rice cultivation, on pot for growing seedlings and corresponding floating plate, bore dia is proper at 8-12 centimetre, because the general every root and stem of certain plants of its growth and maturity is in 10 cm one strains.
Described flowerpot is plastic material, has porous barrier in flowerpot, and cultivation matrix placed by porous barrier, and described cultivation matrix is the mixture of water-bed mud and fermentation farmyard manure;
Described pot for growing seedlings is plastic material, pot for growing seedlings bottom opening.
Embodiment 2
Use the device of embodiment 1.
1) net cage is set in lake, 10-30 bar fish supported by the every cubic metre of net cage that breeds fish fry in net cage, inlet specification is 80-120 gram, ecological fish does not need feeding, eat the microorganism of flowing in aquatic vegetable, flowering marsh plants root and drinking water, the ratio of fish and plant: a cubic meter net cage puts 15 tail, 80 grams of small fish, and corresponding plant setting ratio is: plants on water surface 100: water plants 60.The kind of fish: silver carp, bighead, grass carp, carp, crucian, yellow eel, loach, snakeheaded fish, megalobrama amblycephala and non-crucian carp etc.
Net cage is located at the backwater gulf in river, the depth of water 3 ~ 5 meters.Avoid pasture and water to grow thickly district, flow rate of water flow is within the scope of 0.05 ~ 0.2 meter per second.Buoyant block is placed at the top of net cage, and buoyant block is placed in net cage, then couples together with waterproof rope and floating plate net cage, woodbox, places cultivating container with in waterproof rope buoyant block.Buoyant block places cultivating container.
Buoyant block is cystosepiment, thickness of slab 10cm, and every square metre of floating plate places 8 cultivating containers.Circle.
Described cultivating container is flowerpot and/or pot for growing seedlings; Kind is spent, the container of the rice that plants vegetables, plants is different.As: the equipment of planting India canna is perforate 20-30 cm diameter, because its root system is very flourishing, what water spinach adopted is small perforations, and such as drift net and floating plate, eyelet are suitable at 2-3 centimetre, too little easily falling down is blown away by stormy waves, and planting seedling also needs to fix with mud or sponge.Rice cultivation bore dia is proper at 8-12 centimetre, because the general Mei Wan of its growth and maturity is in 10 cm one strains.Flowerpot is plastic material, has porous barrier in flowerpot, and cultivation matrix placed by porous barrier, and described cultivation matrix is the mixture of water-bed mud and fermentation farmyard manure; Pot for growing seedlings is plastic material, pot for growing seedlings bottom opening.
2) when vegetables grow to 15-20 centimetre in soil, if to play kind pot for growing seedlings/flowerpot fish culture in net pen with hand-lifting generally place a certain proportion of fertilizer at the 1st flowerpot, do not advise increasing fertilizer, because the excretion of fish food has fertilizer, play breeding balanced growth, the strain of every basin one;
The rice shoot of hybrid rice grows to 10 centimetres and is transplanted in pot for growing seedlings, and water depth controls at 1 centimetre, and the root of paddy rice all immerses in special basin and water.
From soil, dig out flower seedlings, culture transferring is in flowerpot.
3) planted flowers, vegetables, paddy rice cultivating container be placed in buoyant block, be positioned at front row or outside according to short plant, high plant is positioned at inner side or after the order of row put.
Wherein vegetables are water spinach.Flowers are India canna and chrysanthemum.
Wherein, the transplanting of flowers is: the flower seedlings chosen, dig out or pour out gently from flowerpot from soil, and first gently carry a stem with the right hand, left hand gently holds in the palm root system, and the right hand that swaps out is shaken gently, slowly pats, and root soil is come off and exposes whole root system.Then soak 15-20 minute in clear water, softly washing root with have gentle hands, through 2-3 time change water cleaning, until root is completely without soil, wash the water of root limpid transparent be not clean containing silt time side.But pay close attention to, some flower root system is hard, wrong joint turned round by dish, and much earth is among gap, if desired can with bamboo let or waddy, and screwdriver digs out.Must accomplish that some earth does not remain, this is one of successful important step of water planting, can't be careless and inadvertent.
After spending clean earth, according to flower root system growing state, can suitably wipe out old root, old complaint and the yellow leaf of Lao Ye.Because hydroponic flowers root is the pith viewed and admired equally, so also will consider U.S. of its form when arranging root system, after pruning its root leaf, then clean one time in clear water, the root hair residue stayed when cutting to wash away, in order to avoid bring water planting utensil into and pollute.
Root is sterilized: after flower root system cleans up, and the potassium permanganate solution of preparation 0.1%, insert in plastics or enamel basin, 1000mL once soaks 10 strain flower seedlings, to flood whole root system for standard.After immersion 10-15 minute, flowers plant is taken out solution, then cleans in clear water and can plant.Note, root disinfecting time can not be long or too short, and liquor potassic permanganate degree also can not be too dense or too rare.Its suitable proportioning is except with except sky Pingdu weighing apparatus, main fixed by experience preparation and the color seeing solution.
First can will load onto water-bed mud and farmers''s fermentation fertile (mass ratio 6:1) in flowerpot before planting, then flowers are implanted in basin.
Landscape effect is shown in Fig. 1.Planting flowering marsh plants and vegetables rice seedlings 3-4 month, fry sterilization places seedling to net cage later, generally that fish to grow to after 6 months 20-30 centimetre 3 to 6 jin and can receive fish, rice harves is in July 15-by the end of August once, late October to early November harvesting second time.
Plantation place be positioned at river water body flow certain when, in water body, the clean-up effect of pollutant is (1) COD cr, TN, NO 3-N, TP and NH 3-N anniversary average removal rate is 23.61%, 25.00%, 26.37%, 32.93%, 33.55%.It is TN:7.46t, TP:0.31t, COD that water plants pollutes dye load to the anniversary that river is removed cr: 88.35t, NH 3-N:5.33t.While sewage purification, gather in the crops a large amount of water plants and fish, the aquatic products such as freshwater mussel.
Water plants applies to lagoon process, achieves good effect, and COD clearance reaches 76.5%, and colourity percent of decolourization is up to 96.9%.Waste water after treatment reaches national comprehensive discharge primary standard.And processed in units amount investment and operating cost only have 1/10 of activated sludge process, therefore adopt in this way reduced investment, running expense is low, treatment effect good, convenient management, environment and'economy remarkable benefit.In addition, can draw from small-scale production experiment, application aerobic contact oxidation, quiver the biological treatment new technology of algae aufwuch bed and water plants associating to the COD removed in chicken manure anaerobic fermented liquid, ammonia nitrogen as phosphorus, potassium, manganese, zinc, magnesium elements and pigment etc. have good effect, can make the waste water after process reach GB 8978-88 integrated wastewater discharge standard with other.
Embodiment 3:
If that feeds is fixed on cover 60*50 centimetre of automatic feed throw-in machine in the middle of water plants, every day, start was fed 2-3 time, and the available machine time is 5-10 minute.
Compare with embodiment 2, the mode cost of throwing something and feeding is higher.
Although above the present invention is described in detail with a general description of the specific embodiments, on basis of the present invention, can make some modifications or improvements it, this will be apparent to those skilled in the art.Therefore, these modifications or improvements without departing from theon the basis of the spirit of the present invention, all belong to the scope of protection of present invention.

Claims (8)

1. overlap the device of supporting and combining for vegetables, paddy rice, flower planting and net cage, it is characterized in that, comprising: buoyant block, net cage, cultivating container and securing member; Described net cage is circle that nylon wire surrounds, that do not go up end face or square container,
Buoyant block is placed at the top of net cage, buoyant block is placed in net cage, then couples together with waterproof rope and floating plate net cage, woodbox, place cultivating container with in waterproof rope buoyant block.
2. device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the end of net cage and side adopt silk screen to make.
3. device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described buoyant block is cystosepiment, thickness of slab 8-15cm, every square metre of cystosepiment is opened 5-15 hole, places cultivating container in hole.
4., according to the arbitrary described device of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that, described cultivating container is flowerpot and/or pot for growing seedlings, and described flowerpot is opening diameter 20-30 centimetre, and the flowerpot diameter of planting vegetable is 2-3 centimetre, and pot for growing seedlings diameter is at 8-12 centimetre;
Described flowerpot is plastic material, has porous barrier in flowerpot, and cultivation matrix placed by porous barrier, and described cultivation matrix is the mixture of water-bed mud and fermentation farmyard manure;
Described pot for growing seedlings is plastic material, pot for growing seedlings bottom opening.
5. vegetables, paddy rice, flower planting and net cage overlap the method for supporting and combining, and it is characterized in that, use the arbitrary described device of claim 1-4, the method comprising the steps of:
1) net cage is set in lake or river, breed fish fry in net cage, 10-30 bar fish supported by every cubic metre of net cage, inlet specification is 80-120 gram, ecological fish does not need feeding, eat the microorganism of flowing in aquatic vegetable, flowering marsh plants root and drinking water, ratio cube of net cage of fish and plant puts 15 tail, 80 grams of small fish;
The kind of fish is: silver carp, bighead, grass carp, carp, crucian, yellow eel, loach, snakeheaded fish, megalobrama amblycephala and non-crucian carp etc.;
2) when vegetables grow to 15-20 centimetre in soil, rise with hand-lifting and plant pot for growing seedlings/flowerpot;
Rice seedling grows to 10 centimetres and is transplanted in pot for growing seedlings, or having bud rice paddy seed point in pot for growing seedlings, water depth controls at 1 centimetre, and the root of paddy rice all immerses in the special basin of paddy rice and water;
From soil, dig out flower seedlings, culture transferring is in flowerpot;
3) planted flowers, vegetables, paddy rice cultivating container be placed in buoyant block, be positioned at front row or outside according to short plant, high plant is positioned at inner side or after the order of row put;
Planting flowering marsh plants and vegetables rice seedlings 3-4 month, fry sterilization places seedling to net cage later, within 6 months, receives fish later, and rice harves is that the harvesting of late October to early November for the second time in July 15-by the end of August once.
6. method according to claim 5, is characterized in that, step 1) in.(1) selection of net cage set-up site: net cage arranges the depth of water 3 ~ 7 meters, flow rate of water flow wind-force within the scope of 0.05 ~ 0.2 meter per second is no more than the backwater gulf of 5 grades.
7. method according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described vegetables be selected from water spinach, romaine lettuce, green water cress, oenanthe stolonifera one or more;
Described flowers are selected from purple lythrum flower, Iris tenuifolia flower, iron Scirpus tabernaemontani, India canna, Arundo donax, spend in vain in mullet grass, lotus, wilson iris, oral shui solution, again power flower, calamus, chrysanthemum one or more;
Described paddy rice be selected from multicolored paddy rice, grain quality rice, hybrid rice one or more.
8. method according to claim 5, is characterized in that, the flowers plant chosen, dig out from soil or pour out gently from flowerpot, first gently carry a stem with the right hand, left hand gently holds in the palm root system, the right hand that swaps out is shaken gently, slowly pats, and root soil is come off and exposes whole root system.Then soak 15-20 minute in clear water, softly washing root with have gentle hands, through 2-3 time change water cleaning, until root is completely without soil, wash the water of root limpid transparent be not clean containing silt time side;
After flower root system cleans up, the potassium permanganate solution of preparation 0.1%, soaks the root system of 1-20 strain flower seedlings, after immersion 10-15 minute, flower plant is taken out solution, then cleans in clear water and can plant.
CN201410652482.9A 2014-11-17 2014-11-17 Vegetable, Oryza sativa L., flower planting support, with net cage set, the apparatus and method combined CN104430079B (en)

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CN201410652482.9A CN104430079B (en) 2014-11-17 2014-11-17 Vegetable, Oryza sativa L., flower planting support, with net cage set, the apparatus and method combined

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CN201410652482.9A CN104430079B (en) 2014-11-17 2014-11-17 Vegetable, Oryza sativa L., flower planting support, with net cage set, the apparatus and method combined

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CN104430079A true CN104430079A (en) 2015-03-25
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Cited By (12)

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CN104920184A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-23 余启佳 Method for planting crown daisy without soil
CN104920182A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-23 余启佳 Soilless cultivation method of water spinach
CN104920183A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-23 余启佳 Soilless cultivation method of mustard
CN104920188A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-23 余启佳 Soilless cultivation method of Brassica rapa chinensis
CN105453939A (en) * 2016-01-21 2016-04-06 湖南省森林植物园 Method for fabricating simple royal water lily cultivation container
CN105519470A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-04-27 刘乐凝 Three-dimensional culture shed
CN106818438A (en) * 2017-01-12 2017-06-13 南昌市农业科学院 A kind of method of the floating bed cage culture swamp eel using vegetables of sheltering from heat or light
CN109156399A (en) * 2018-08-31 2019-01-08 南宁致侨农业有限公司 The dedicated cultivation apparatus of loach
CN109156396A (en) * 2018-08-31 2019-01-08 南宁致侨农业有限公司 Loach breeding case for open water
CN109430026A (en) * 2018-10-24 2019-03-08 湖北科技学院 A kind of grass carp and rice are in the method that growth coexists
CN110338030A (en) * 2019-07-18 2019-10-18 安徽润航农业科技开发有限公司 The construction method of one seed lotus Chinese celery loach ecological cultivation system
CN110352898A (en) * 2019-08-28 2019-10-22 曾朝阳 A kind of breeding symbiosis aquaculture net cage and cultural method

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CN1644535A (en) * 2004-12-17 2005-07-27 贵州省环境科学研究设计院 Applying method for purifying water quality technology by netting case grass planting method
CN202385616U (en) * 2011-11-23 2012-08-22 浙江海洋学院 Home fish and vegetable intergrowing device
CN103609501A (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-03-05 长江大学 Method for ecologically breeding ricefield eels based on combination of pigs and eels

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CN1644535A (en) * 2004-12-17 2005-07-27 贵州省环境科学研究设计院 Applying method for purifying water quality technology by netting case grass planting method
CN202385616U (en) * 2011-11-23 2012-08-22 浙江海洋学院 Home fish and vegetable intergrowing device
CN103609501A (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-03-05 长江大学 Method for ecologically breeding ricefield eels based on combination of pigs and eels

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104920184A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-23 余启佳 Method for planting crown daisy without soil
CN104920182A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-23 余启佳 Soilless cultivation method of water spinach
CN104920183A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-23 余启佳 Soilless cultivation method of mustard
CN104920188A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-23 余启佳 Soilless cultivation method of Brassica rapa chinensis
CN105453939A (en) * 2016-01-21 2016-04-06 湖南省森林植物园 Method for fabricating simple royal water lily cultivation container
CN105519470A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-04-27 刘乐凝 Three-dimensional culture shed
CN106818438A (en) * 2017-01-12 2017-06-13 南昌市农业科学院 A kind of method of the floating bed cage culture swamp eel using vegetables of sheltering from heat or light
CN109156399A (en) * 2018-08-31 2019-01-08 南宁致侨农业有限公司 The dedicated cultivation apparatus of loach
CN109156396A (en) * 2018-08-31 2019-01-08 南宁致侨农业有限公司 Loach breeding case for open water
CN109430026A (en) * 2018-10-24 2019-03-08 湖北科技学院 A kind of grass carp and rice are in the method that growth coexists
CN109430026B (en) * 2018-10-24 2020-12-25 湖北科技学院 Method for concurrent growth of grass carp and rice
CN110338030A (en) * 2019-07-18 2019-10-18 安徽润航农业科技开发有限公司 The construction method of one seed lotus Chinese celery loach ecological cultivation system
CN110352898A (en) * 2019-08-28 2019-10-22 曾朝阳 A kind of breeding symbiosis aquaculture net cage and cultural method

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