CN104430079B - Vegetable, Oryza sativa L., flower planting support, with net cage set, the apparatus and method combined - Google Patents

Vegetable, Oryza sativa L., flower planting support, with net cage set, the apparatus and method combined Download PDF

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CN104430079B
CN104430079B CN201410652482.9A CN201410652482A CN104430079B CN 104430079 B CN104430079 B CN 104430079B CN 201410652482 A CN201410652482 A CN 201410652482A CN 104430079 B CN104430079 B CN 104430079B
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net cage
water
root
vegetable
fish
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CN104430079A (en
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傅珍检
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傅珍检
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/60Fishing; Aquaculture; Aquafarming

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of and supports, with net cage set, the device combined for vegetable, Oryza sativa L., flower planting, including: buoyant block, net cage, cultivating container and securing member;Described net cage is circle that nylon wire surrounds, that do not go up end face or square container, and buoyant block is placed at the top of net cage, and buoyant block is placed cultivating container.The method that the present invention proposes, it is not necessary to pesticide, planting vegetable, the low cost of Oryza sativa L., and be conducive to protecting environment, purifying water body, utilize pond, lake to produce economic benefit.Using method planting vegetable and the Oryza sativa L. of the present invention, breed fish, cultured product absorbs in pond, lake the trace element that institute's compositions such as nitrogenous, phosphorus, potassium are needed by human body, and nutritious, quality is better than land for growing field crops and cultivates.

Description

Vegetable, Oryza sativa L., flower planting support, with net cage set, the apparatus and method combined
Technical field
The invention belongs to agriculture field, in particular it relates to the side of breeding fish of a kind of combination plant setting Method.
Background technology
South China, has certain water source and water quality is preferable and irrigation condition is good pool or rice terrace The most all can put fish in a suitable place to breed.Through carefully feeding, every mu of rice terrace can produce Oryza sativa L. 400kg, crab Fish can produce about 200kg, reaches Oryza sativa L. and the effect of fish bumper harvests.
Planting without soil on the water surface and planting thing is agricultural technology fast-developing in recent years.For China south The natural environment of the many surface water in side, more should develop the planting technique of the water surface, to improve income And environmental quality.Soilless culture Oryza sativa L. on the water, supports in conjunction with underwater net cage set, is prior art In the pattern that is still not attempt to.
Artificial floating bed is as main body with water plant, has used the principle of soilless culture, it is achieved The technology of water surface planting.Plant culture waterborne, because the root system of plant utilizing surface area the biggest exists Form dense net in water, adsorbed the float being suspended in water, gradually formed biomembrane, It is absorbed by plants the nutrient substance becoming self, beneficially plant growing.On the other hand, manually Floating bed can effectively utilize water surface area, reaches landscape design and the purpose of water remediation combination. Because this feature of artificial floating bed, artificial floating bed is mostly used for planting of flowers.Utilize artificial Floating bed and net cage set are supported and are combined, it is achieved various plants is cultivated and taken into account and breeds fish, and are to obtain more preferably The technology of economic benefit, the most promising.
Summary of the invention
The weak point existed for this area, the purpose of the present invention is to propose to a kind of for vegetables Dish, Oryza sativa L., flower planting support, with net cage set, the device combined.
Another object of the present invention, is to propose a kind of vegetable, Oryza sativa L., flower planting and net cage set Support the method combined.
The technical scheme realizing above-mentioned purpose of the present invention is:
A kind of overlapping with net cage for vegetable, Oryza sativa L., flower planting supports the device combined, including: Buoyant block, net cage, cultivating container and securing member;
Described net cage is circle that nylon wire surrounds, that do not go up end face or square container,
Buoyant block is placed at the top of net cage, and buoyant block is placed at the top of net cage, and buoyant block is placed on In net cage, then couple together with floating plate net cage, woodbox with waterproof rope, floating with waterproof rope Cultivating container is placed on block.
Cultivating container is placed in buoyant block.
Wherein, the end of net cage is the same net with side.The end of net cage and side use silk screen system Become.
Wherein, described buoyant block is cystosepiment, thickness of slab 8-15cm, on every square metre of cystosepiment Open 5-15 hole, in hole, place cultivating container.
Wherein, described cultivating container is flowerpot and/or pot for growing seedlings;Kind is spent, plants vegetables, is planted rice Container is different.As: the flowerpot planting Canna generalis Bailey is perforate 20-30 cm diameter, because it Root system is the most flourishing, and water spinach uses small perforations, such as drift net and floating plate, eyelet Being suitable at 2-3 centimetre, the least easily falling down is blown away by stormy waves, and planting seedling also needs to use mud Or sponge fixes.The pot for growing seedlings diameter of rice cultivation is proper at 8-12 centimetre, because it is raw Long ripe general often in 10 cm one strains.
Described flowerpot is plastic material, has porous barrier in flowerpot, and porous barrier is placed cultivation Substrate, described cultivation matrix is water-bed mud and the mixture of fermentation farm manure;
Described pot for growing seedlings is plastic material, pot for growing seedlings bottom opening.
A kind of vegetable, Oryza sativa L., flower planting support, with net cage set, the method combined, and use the present invention Described device, the method comprising the steps of:
1) arranging net cage in lake or river, breed fish fry in net cage every cubic metre of net cage Support 10-30 bar fish, inlet specification is 80-120 gram, and ecological fish is not required to feeding, eat aquatic vegetable, The microorganism of flowing in flowering marsh plants root and drinking water, if that feeds is solid in the middle of water plant Being scheduled on 60*50 centimetre of automatic feed throw-in machine of set, every day, start was fed 2-3 time, and the available machine time is 5-10 Minute.The ratio of fish and plant is that a cubic meter net cage puts 80 grams of small fish of 15 tail.The product of fish Kind: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, Aristichthys nobilis, Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Cyprinus carpio, Carassius auratus, Monopteri albi, Misgurni anguillicaudati, snakeheaded fish, Megalobrama amblycephala and Non-crucian carp etc..
2) in soil, grow to 15-20 centimetre when vegetable, rise with hand-lifting and plant pot for growing seedlings/flowerpot? If fish culture in net pen typically places a certain proportion of fertilizer at the 1st flowerpot, it is not recommended that increase fertilizer Material, because fish food excretion has fertilizer, plays breeding balanced growth, the strain of every basin one;
Rice seedling grows to 10 centimetres and is transplanted in pot for growing seedlings, or there being bud rice paddy seed point In alms bowl, water depth controls to be totally immersed into the special basin of Oryza sativa L. and water at the root of 1 centimetre of Oryza sativa L. In.
Flower seedlings is dug out, in subcultivation to flowerpot from soil.
3) planted flowers, vegetable, the cultivating container of Oryza sativa L. is placed in buoyant block, according to Short plant is positioned at front row or outside, high plant is positioned at the order of inner side or heel row and puts.
The selection of net cage set-up site: 1. the water level of net cage set-up site should not be crossed shallow or the deepest, Cross at the bottom of tray mud, affect current exchange and excremental outflow, cross deep net cage and be not fixed easily, Typically preferable with the depth of water 3~7 meters.Pasture and water to be avoided grow thickly district, because pasture and water grow thickly easily Cause water body dissolved oxygen uneven or anoxia.3. current are unimpeded, and water quality is fresh, hidding and sunny side, stream Speed wind-force in the range of 0.05~0.2 meter per second is less than the backwater gulf of 5 grades preferably.4. cultivate The net cage of silver carp Aristichthys nobilis, should select phytoplankton in every liter of water is 2,000,000, swims dynamic Thing amount is the waters of more than 2000.Ku Wan, Hu Cha, have sanitary sewage note people water inlet, And the junction of rivers and canals, it is all the ideal place that net cage is set.
Be usually plant flowering marsh plants and vegetable rice seedlings 3-4 month, fry is sterilized and puts later Put seedling to net cage, can receive for 20-30 centimetre 3 to 6 jin after usually fish grows to 6 months Fish, rice harves be July 15 the most once, late October to early November receive Cut second time.
Wherein, described vegetable one in water spinach, Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae, green water cress, the Herba Apii or Multiple.
Described flowers are selected from purple lythrum flower, Iris tenuifolia flower, iron Herba Scirpi Tabernaemontani, Canna generalis Bailey, flower Leaf Arundo donax, spend Mugil cephalus grass, Flos Nelumbinis, wilson iris, oral shui solution, again power flower, Rhizoma Acori Graminei, chrysanthemum in vain One or more in spending.
One or more in the five colours Oryza sativa L., grain quality rice, hybrid rice of described Oryza sativa L..
Wherein, the transplanting of flowers is: the flowers plant chosen, dig out or from flower from soil Falling off in basin, first gently carry a stem with the right hand, left hand gently holds in the palm root system, and the right hand that swaps out is trembled gently Dynamic, slowly pat, make root soil come off and expose whole root system.Then clear water soaks 15-20 Minute, washing root with hands is the most soft, cleaning, until root is complete through the water that changes of 2-3 time Without soil, wash the water of root limpid transparent be clean without silt time side.
After spending clean earth, can suitably wipe out old root, old complaint according to flower root system growing state With Lao Ye Huang leaf.Because hydroponic flowers root is the pith viewed and admired equally, so arranging Also to consider U.S. of its form during root system, after its root leaf is pruned, then clean one time in clear water, The root hair residue stayed during to wash away and to cut, in order to avoid bringing water planting utensil into and polluting.
Root is sterilized: after flower root system cleans up, the potassium permanganate solution of preparation 0.1%, Insert in plastics or enamel basin, its amount of solution can according to the flowers soaked how many depending on, can one Secondary immersion number strain or many ZHUHUA grass, to flood whole root system as standard.10-15 minute to be soaked After, flowers plant is taken out solution, then cleans in clear water and can plant.Noting, root disappears The poison time can not be long or the shortest, and potassium permanganate solution degree also can not be the denseest or the dilutest.It is suitable Proportioning in addition to weighing by sky Pingdu, depending on experience preparation and seeing the color of solution.
Note when planting root system being unfolded.If using and having basin, can be first by basin before planting Inside load onto a number of water-bed mud and farmers''s fermentation water surface be fertile, after again flowers are implanted in basin i.e. Can.
The inventive method has the advantage that
The method that the present invention proposes, it is not necessary to pesticide, planting vegetable, the low cost of Oryza sativa L., and Be conducive to protecting environment, purifying water body, utilize pond, lake to produce economic benefit.
Using method planting vegetable and the Oryza sativa L. of the present invention, breed fish, the Fish of aquaculture net cage absorb In pond, lake the compositions such as nitrogenous, phosphorus, potassium be the trace element of needed by human body, nutrition Abundant, quality is better than land for growing field crops cultivation.
Use fish culture in net pen, make full use of the water money in excessive, the deepest river, river, lake, storehouse Source, arranges the net cage allowing fish not escape not go out in this is not easy to the big water body of management, intensive Be engaged in fish culture, improve the value of water body water resource.
Flexibly and easily, good management, good operation, reduces fish diseases and occurs, improve in cultured fishes City's quality.This feature is significantly better than aqiuculrue.When aqiuculrue, fish is easily in the summer The unexpected sultry rising of it temperature and general pond, easily exchange not in time because of water body, and water quality is contaminated And it is sick.
Aquaculture cost is low, good in economic efficiency, good capture, improves Fish fresh and alive listing rate, carries High economic benefit.Net cage is simple to manufacture, cheap, is greatly saved spending of breeding fish.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is embodiment 2 landscape effect photo.
Fig. 2 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 1 net cage.
Fig. 3 is circular net box structure schematic diagram.
In figure, 1 is waterproof fishing line, and 2 is galvanized steel bar pipe, and 3 is screen grid, and 4 is upper cover Net, 5 is lower cover net, and 6 is frame net, and 7 is main joist.
Detailed description of the invention
Following example are used for illustrating the present invention, but are not limited to the scope of the present invention.
Unless stated otherwise, the technology used in the present invention means, for this area conventional technique Means.
Embodiment 1 device
A kind of overlapping with net cage for vegetable, Oryza sativa L., flower planting supports the device combined, including: Buoyant block, net cage, cultivating container and securing member;
Described net cage be bulge (see Fig. 3) that nylon wire surrounds, that do not go up end face or Square container (see Fig. 2), bulge pushes up system has waterproof fishing line 1, with galvanized steel bar pipe (diameter 2.5-3 centimetre) is Os Draconis, and the end is glass fiber grid 3.
Square net cage includes that cover net 4, upper cover net are movable, is used for putting fry and dragging for into Product, the net 5 joint face for fixed border net, frame net 6 and off the net of upper cover torr meat are inserted in the end Connecting, main joist 7 is the coating steel pipe of diameter 2-6cm.
Arranging buoyant block on net cage, stating buoyant block is cystosepiment, thickness of slab 8-15cm, every square Open 5-15 hole on rice cystosepiment, in hole, place cultivating container.
The flowerpot planting Canna generalis Bailey is perforate 20-30 cm diameter, because its root system is the most flourishing, Water spinach uses small perforations, and such as drift net and floating plate, eyelet are conjunction at 2-3 centimetre Suitable, the least easily falling down is blown away by stormy waves, and planting seedling also needs to fix with mud or sponge.Educate On Seedling alms bowl rice cultivation, pot for growing seedlings and corresponding floating plate, bore dia compares conjunction at 8-12 centimetre It is suitable, because the most every root and stem of certain plants of its growth and maturity is in 10 cm one strains.
Described flowerpot is plastic material, has porous barrier in flowerpot, and porous barrier is placed cultivation Substrate, described cultivation matrix is water-bed mud and the mixture of fermentation farm manure;
Described pot for growing seedlings is plastic material, pot for growing seedlings bottom opening.
Embodiment 2
Use the device of embodiment 1.
1) arranging net cage in lake, 10-30 supported by the every cubic metre of net cage that breeds fish fry in net cage Bar fish, inlet specification is 80-120 gram, and ecological fish is not required to feeding, eats aquatic vegetable, aquatic The microorganism of flowing, fish and the ratio of plant: a cubic meter net cage in flowers root and drinking water Putting 80 grams of small fish of 15 tail, corresponding plant setting ratio is: plants on water surface 100: aquatic plant Thing 60.The kind of fish: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, Aristichthys nobilis, Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Cyprinus carpio, Carassius auratus, Monopteri albi, Misgurni anguillicaudati, Snakeheaded fish, Megalobrama amblycephala and non-crucian carp etc..
Net cage is located at the backwater gulf in river, the depth of water 3~5 meters.Avoid pasture and water to grow thickly district, current Flow velocity is in the range of 0.05~0.2 meter per second.Buoyant block is placed at the top of net cage, and buoyant block is put In net cage, then couple together with floating plate net cage, woodbox with waterproof rope, with waterproof rope drift Cultivating container is placed on floating block.Cultivating container is placed in buoyant block.
Buoyant block is cystosepiment, thickness of slab 10cm, and every square metre of floating plate is placed 8 cultivations Container.Circle.
Described cultivating container is flowerpot and/or pot for growing seedlings;Kind spend, the container of the rice that plants vegetables, plants not Equally.As: the equipment planting Canna generalis Bailey is perforate 20-30 cm diameter, because its root system is non- Chang Fada, water spinach uses small perforations, and such as drift net and floating plate, eyelet are at 2-3 Centimetre being suitable, the least easily falling down is blown away by stormy waves, and planting seedling also needs with mud or sponge Fixing.Rice cultivation bore dia is proper at 8-12 centimetre, because its growth and maturity is the most every In 10 cm one strains.Flowerpot is plastic material, has porous barrier, porous in flowerpot Placing cultivation matrix on dividing plate, described cultivation matrix is water-bed mud and the mixing of fermentation farm manure Thing;Pot for growing seedlings is plastic material, pot for growing seedlings bottom opening.
2) in soil, grow to 15-20 centimetre when vegetable, rise with hand-lifting and plant pot for growing seedlings/flowerpot If fish culture in net pen typically places a certain proportion of fertilizer at the 1st flowerpot, it is not recommended that increase fertilizer Material, because fish food excretion has fertilizer, plays breeding balanced growth, the strain of every basin one;
The rice shoot of hybrid rice grows to 10 centimetres and is transplanted in pot for growing seedlings, and water depth controls 1 Centimetre, the root of Oryza sativa L. is totally immersed in special basin and water.
Flower seedlings is dug out, in subcultivation to flowerpot from soil.
3) planted flowers, vegetable, the cultivating container of Oryza sativa L. is placed in buoyant block, according to Short plant is positioned at front row or outside, high plant is positioned at the order of inner side or heel row and puts.
Wherein vegetable is water spinach.Flowers are Canna generalis Bailey and Flos Chrysanthemi.
Wherein, the transplanting of flowers is: the flower seedlings chosen, and digs out or from flower from soil Falling off in basin, first gently carry a stem with the right hand, left hand gently holds in the palm root system, and the right hand that swaps out is trembled gently Dynamic, slowly pat, make root soil come off and expose whole root system.Then clear water soaks 15-20 Minute, washing root with hands is the most soft, cleaning, until root is complete through the water that changes of 2-3 time Without soil, wash the water of root limpid transparent be clean without silt time side.But pay close attention to, some Flower root system is hard, and mistake joint turned round by dish, and much earth is among gap, can use bamboo let if desired Or waddy, screwdriver digs out.Must accomplish that some earth does not remains, this is that water planting is the most important One of link, can't be careless and inadvertent.
After spending clean earth, can suitably wipe out old root, old complaint according to flower root system growing state With Lao Ye Huang leaf.Because hydroponic flowers root is the pith viewed and admired equally, so arranging Also to consider U.S. of its form during root system, after its root leaf is pruned, then clean one time in clear water, The root hair residue stayed during to wash away and to cut, in order to avoid bringing water planting utensil into and polluting.
Root is sterilized: after flower root system cleans up, the potassium permanganate solution of preparation 0.1%, Inserting in plastics or enamel basin, 1000mL once soaks 10 strain flower seedlings, to flood all Root system is standard.After soaking 10-15 minute, flowers plant is taken out solution, then at clear water Middle cleaning can be planted.Noting, root disinfecting time can not be long or the shortest, and potassium permanganate is molten Liquid degree also can not be the denseest or the dilutest.Its suitable proportioning is in addition to weighing by sky Pingdu, mainly by experience Depending on preparing and see the color of solution.
Water-bed mud and farmers''s fermentation fertilizer (mass ratio 6:1) first can will be loaded onto in flowerpot before planting, then Flowers are implanted in basin.
Landscape effect is shown in Fig. 1.Planting flowering marsh plants and vegetable rice seedlings, fry 3-4 month Place seedling after sterilization to net cage, usually fish grow to 6 months later 20-30 centimetre 3 to Fish can be received for 6 jin, rice harves be July 15 the most once, late October is extremely Early November harvesting second time.
The place of plantation be positioned at river water body flow certain in the case of, in water body, pollutant is clean Changing effect is (1) CODCr,TN,NO3-N, TP and NH3-N anniversary average removal rate is 23.61%, 25.00%, 26.37%, 32.93%, 33.55%.River is removed by water plant Polluting dye load the anniversary is TN:7.46t, TP:0.31t, CODCr:88.35t、NH3-N:5.33t。 While sewage purification, gather in the crops substantial amounts of water plant and fish, the aquatic products such as freshwater mussel.
Water plant applies to oxidation pond and processes, and achieves good effect, COD clearance Reaching 76.5%, colourity percent of decolourization is up to 96.9%.Waste water after treatment reaches the comprehensive row of country Put primary standard.And the investment of processed in units amount and operating cost only have the 1/10 of activated sludge process, Therefore adopt that reduced investment, running expense in this way be low, high treating effect, convenient management, Environment and remarkable in economical benefits.It addition, can draw from small-scale production experiment, should make good use of Oxygen catalytic oxidation, quivers algae aufwuch bed and water plant is carried out a biological disposal upon new technology pair in combination Remove the COD in chicken manure anaerobic fermented liquid, ammonia nitrogen and other are as first in phosphorus, potassium, manganese, zinc, magnesium Element and pigment etc. have good effect, the waste water after process can be made to reach GB 8,978 88 sewage and combine Close discharge standard.
Embodiment 3:
If being fixed in the middle of water plant of feeding overlaps 60*50 centimetre of automatic feed throw-in machine, often It start is fed 2-3 time, and the available machine time is 5-10 minute.
Comparing with embodiment 2, the mode thrown something and fed is relatively costly.
Although, the most with a general description of the specific embodiments the present invention has been made in detail Most description, but on the basis of the present invention, it can be made some modifications or improvements, this is to this It is apparent from for skilled person.Therefore, on the basis without departing from spirit of the present invention Upper these modifications or improvements, belong to the scope of protection of present invention.

Claims (7)

1. vegetable, Oryza sativa L., flower planting support the method combined, its feature with net cage set It is, including for vegetable, Oryza sativa L., the flower planting device combined foster with net cage set of use: Buoyant block, net cage, cultivating container and securing member;Described net cage be that nylon wire surrounds, do not have The circle of upper end face or square container, the top of net cage is placed buoyant block, buoyant block is placed on net In case, then couple together with floating plate net cage, woodbox with waterproof rope, by waterproof rope buoyant block Upper placement cultivating container;
Described method includes step:
1) net cage is set in lake or river, breeds fish fry in net cage, every cubic metre of net 10-30 bar fish supported by case, and inlet specification is 80-120 gram, and ecological fish is not required to feeding, absorbs water raw vegetables The microorganism of flowing in dish, flowering marsh plants root and drinking water, the ratio of fish and plant is one and stands Side's net cage puts 80 grams of small fish of 15 tail;
The kind of fish is: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, Aristichthys nobilis, Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Cyprinus carpio, Carassius auratus, Monopteri albi, Misgurni anguillicaudati, black Fish, Megalobrama amblycephala and non-crucian carp;
2) in soil, grow to 15-20 centimetre when vegetable, rise with hand-lifting and plant pot for growing seedlings/flowerpot;
Rice seedling grows to 10 centimetres and is transplanted in pot for growing seedlings, or there being bud rice paddy seed point In pot for growing seedlings, water depth controls at 1 centimetre, and the root of Oryza sativa L. is totally immersed into Oryza sativa L. basin dedicated In son and water;Flower seedlings is dug out, in subcultivation to flowerpot from soil;
3) planted flowers, vegetable, the cultivating container of Oryza sativa L. is placed in buoyant block, according to Short plant is positioned at front row or outside, high plant is positioned at the order of inner side or heel row and puts;
Planting flowering marsh plants and vegetable rice seedlings, fry sterilization placement seedling later 3-4 month To net cage, receive fish after 6 months, rice harves be July 15 the most once, 10 The last ten-days period to early November moon harvesting second time.
Method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the end of net cage and side Employing silk screen is made.
Method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described buoyant block is bubble Foam plate, thickness of slab 8-15cm, every square metre of cystosepiment is opened 5-15 hole, places cultivation in hole Container.
4. according to the arbitrary described method of claim 1-3, it is characterised in that described cultivation Container is flowerpot and/or pot for growing seedlings, and described flowerpot is opening diameter 20-30 centimetre, planting vegetable A diameter of 2-3 centimetre of flowerpot, pot for growing seedlings diameter is at 8-12 centimetre;
Described flowerpot is plastic material, has porous barrier in flowerpot, and porous barrier is placed cultivation Substrate, described cultivation matrix is water-bed mud and the mixture of fermentation farm manure;
Described pot for growing seedlings is plastic material, pot for growing seedlings bottom opening.
Method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step 1) in net cage Being chosen as of set-up site: net cage arranges the depth of water 3~7 meters, and flow rate of water flow is 0.05~0.2 The wind-force backwater gulf less than 5 grades in the range of meter per second.
Method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described vegetable is selected from sky One or more in heart dish, Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae, green water cress, Herba Apii;
Described flowers are selected from purple lythrum flower, Iris tenuifolia flower, iron Herba Scirpi Tabernaemontani, Canna generalis Bailey, flower Leaf Arundo donax, spend Mugil cephalus grass, Flos Nelumbinis, wilson iris, oral shui solution, again power flower, Rhizoma Acori Graminei, chrysanthemum in vain One or more in spending;
One or more in the five colours Oryza sativa L., grain quality rice, hybrid rice of described Oryza sativa L..
Method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the flowers chosen are planted Strain, digs out from soil or falls off from flowerpot, first gently carries a stem with the right hand, and left hand is light Torr root system, the right hand that swaps out is shaken gently, slowly pats, and makes root soil come off and exposes whole root System, then soaks 15-20 minute in clear water, is washing root, through 2-3 time with hands is the most soft The water that changes clean, until root entirely without soil, is washed, the water of root is limpid transparent without silt time side is Clean;
After flower root system cleans up, the potassium permanganate solution of preparation 0.1%, soaks 1-20 The root system of strain flower seedlings, wait soaking after 10-15 minute, takes out solution colored plant, then Clear water cleans and can plant.
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CN202385616U (en) * 2011-11-23 2012-08-22 浙江海洋学院 Home fish and vegetable intergrowing device
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