CN103609501A - Method for ecologically breeding ricefield eels based on combination of pigs and eels - Google Patents

Method for ecologically breeding ricefield eels based on combination of pigs and eels Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103609501A
CN103609501A CN201310651349.7A CN201310651349A CN103609501A CN 103609501 A CN103609501 A CN 103609501A CN 201310651349 A CN201310651349 A CN 201310651349A CN 103609501 A CN103609501 A CN 103609501A
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water
eel
pond
water earthworm
culture
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杨代勤
阮国良
陈芳
苏应兵
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Yangtze University
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Yangtze University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for ecologically breeding ricefield eels based on combination of pigs and eels, and belongs to the technical field of fishery science application. The method comprises the following steps that 1, a pig growing and fattening farm is built around a ricefield eel farm, and generated pig manure is used for breeding animality live bait tubificidae needed by ricefield eel breeding; 2, a paddy field is used as a tubificidae cultivation pool, and the fresh and alive tubificidae bought from the market is introduced into the cultivation pool to be bred; 3, the ricefield eels are bred in a pool net cage mode, and feeding is started in early April when water temperature is stabilized above 15 DEG C, and feeding fodder is the mixtures of the fresh and alive tubificidae produced by the pig manure and special and compound feed for the ricefield eels. The breeding mode with the combination of pigs and eels is adopted, the ecological pollution problem of the pig manure is effectively solved, the used pig manure can be reused as farmland organic fertilizer, the breeding cost of the ricefield eels is greatly saved, and obvious breeding ecological benefits, economic benefits and excellent application prospects are achieved.

Description

A kind of ricefield eel ecological culture method based on the combination of pig-eel
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of ricefield eel ecological culture method based on the combination of pig-eel, belong to fishery science applied technical field.
Background technology:
Swamp eel is that China cultivates development one of famous-brand and high-quality fish very rapidly in recent years, and it mainly cultivates the provinces such as Hubei that producing region is dispersed throughout the middle and lower reach of Yangtze River, Hunan, Anhui, Jiangxi, Zhejiang.Culture of swamp eel has become one of leading industry of these region culture fisheries.
But swamp eel is to take animal food as main ominivore-fish, thereby eel industry being in great demand to animal feed source supported in scale.At present, mainly use the silver carp fish of low value to add in swamp eel special compound feed and carry out swamp eel artificial feeding as animal feed source, so the cost of feed is relatively high, the cost of culture of swamp eel is relatively large.Develop the relatively low animal feed raw material of cost significant for the development of culture of swamp eel industry.The present invention is based on the foundation of the plant of pig-eel combination, can produce animality living bait is provided season in a large number swamp eel, thereby can improve artificial comprehensive benefit of supporting eel.
Summary of the invention:
In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of ricefield eel ecological culture method based on the combination of pig-eel, utilize pig manure to cultivate swamp eel and produce required fresh water earthworm living bait, effectively solved the ecological pollution problem of pig manure, greatly saved the aquaculture cost of swamp eel, there is obvious breeding ecological benefit and economic benefit, there is extraordinary application prospect.
The present invention realizes above-mentioned purpose by following technical solution.
A kind of ricefield eel ecological culture method based on the combination of pig-eel provided by the present invention, comprises the steps:
(1) foundation of the pig plant of supporting scale:
In culture of swamp eel field, periphery is set up growing and fattening pigs plant, and the pig manure that produces is used for cultivating the required animality living bait water earthworm of culture of swamp eel;
The scale of growing and fattening pigs plant is determined the demand of water earthworm according to the scale of culture of swamp eel; Its concrete corresponding relation is: producing season, every clean production 100kg swamp eel needs the fresh and alive water earthworm of 250kg and 100kg swamp eel special compound feed; The fresh and alive water earthworm of every production 250kg needs pig manure 1750kg; Every growing and fattening pigs can be produced pig manure 1.5-2.0kg every day, 90 days deliver the cycle for sale in can produce pig manure 135-180kg; Therefore, the every clean corresponding growing and fattening pigs of 100kg swamp eel plant that produces need to raise 10-13 growing and fattening pigs;
(2) production of animality living bait water earthworm:
Use paddy field as water earthworm culture pond, the size of water earthworm culture pond is long 20-30m, wide 8-12m, dark 0.2-0.25m; At the high-end water inlet that is provided with of culture pond, low side is provided with discharge outlet, and in the surrounding in pond, digs the drain ditch of dark 20cm;
After water earthworm culture pond is built up, in 3-4 month, the fresh and alive water earthworm of buying is from the market incorporated into and is cultivated in pond, by water earthworm seedling with 0.25-0.5kg/m 2sowing quantity be spread in equably at the bottom of the pond of water earthworm culture pond on, and the 3-5cm that pours water;
The second day that water earthworm seedling is introduced, selects the fresh pig manure of the fermentation of not becoming thoroughly decomposed evenly to splash at water earthworm culture pond as the feed of cultivating and produce water earthworm, and the amount of splashing is 80-100kg/667m 2, while splashing, guarantee to cover skim pig manure so that full pond water earthworm can evenly eat food at the bottom of pond;
In water earthworm cultivating process, the depth of water of water earthworm culture pond is controlled at 3-5cm; The visual temperature adjustment of the depth of water, the Chi Shuike of megathermal period culture pond deepens slightly in full summer;
At the bottom of within 8-10 days, using T shape wooden rake by the pond of water earthworm culture pond, stir once, to prevent hardening of medium, metabolic waste and the feed of driving away water earthworm decompose the pernicious gas of generation, effectively suppress numerous life of moss, duckweed, weeds comprehensively;
Water earthworm seedling just enters water earthworm Period of reproductive peak after introducing a fine variety 30 days, now can gather; Gather and carry out at night, before gathering first to the low temperature well water of annotating in water earthworm culture pond, when water earthworm major part is trooped and seized the opportunity and gather when agglomerating at the water surface; After the water earthworm that is clustered in the water surface being collected to hold together with T shape wooden rake while gathering, with 40 object polyethylene screen cloth mesh bags, caught out, and put into rapidly the storage pond, holding pond of building with cement;
The Chi Shui of storage pond, holding pond keeps long-term and flows, with to caught out water earthworm with mud, excrement foreign material clear up separation, every 1 hour, the water earthworm that troops agglomerating at water surface is pulled out, can all gather in the crops complete 5-6 time;
Water earthworm culture pond, under the natural conditions of water temperature 25-28 ℃, is produced water earthworm daily after inoculating 30 days and can be reached 0.5kg/m 2; Each culture pond every 30 days results once, can be gathered in the crops 10 times for 1 year, and the gross yield of fresh and alive water earthworm can reach 2500-3500kg/667m every year 2;
(3) cultivation of swamp eel and management thereof:
The breeding way of swamp eel is pond net box cultivation, and cage size is 2m * 2m * 1.5m;
Swamp eel seedling is after surviving the winter, and the specification of eel kind is 20g, is placed with eel kind 2-3kg in each net cage;
In early April, when water temperature rises and be stabilized in more than 15 ℃, start to throw something and feed; The feed of throwing something and feeding is the fresh and alive water earthworm with pig manure production and the mixture of swamp eel special compound feed, and a day feeding volume for mixed feed is the 8%-10% of swamp eel body weight; Wherein, described swamp eel special compound feed is produced by GuangDong HaiDa Group Co., Ltd, and its main component comprises fish meal, flour, corn, composite microbial element, mineral matter etc., and its protein content is at 38%-40%;
During culture of swamp eel, in net cage, float and plant Eichhornia crassipes, be commonly called as weter hyacinth, imitative natural ecological environment, the area of Eichhornia crassipes accounts for 1/2 of net cage inner area; During dusk every day 18-19, throw something and feed fresh mixed feed once, second day is collected in time residual bait and is dealt carefully with in case polluted water; Refresh the water periodically weekly, to keep good water quality and ecotope; Regularly sterilize weekly, sterilization method is: with povidone iodine the whole network case of concentration 2mg/L, evenly splash.
The present invention compared with prior art, has following beneficial effect:
1, adopt pig--the aquaculture model of eel combination, effectively solved the ecological pollution problem of pig manure, the pig manure after utilization also can be used as farmland organic manure again for plant husbandry.
2, the animality living bait water earthworm that utilizes pig manure to produce, its low production cost, has obviously improved economic benefit; Utilize at present the required integrated cost of the fresh and alive water earthworm of the every production of the method 1kg 1.5 yuan of left and right, and compare as the animal bait swamp eel of throwing something and feeding with silver carp, with fresh and alive water earthworm often only production 1kg swamp eel can save 5.0 yuan of left and right of feed cost.
3, the present invention has obvious breeding ecological benefit and economic benefit: greatly saved the aquaculture cost of swamp eel, had extraordinary application prospect.
Embodiment:
Implement the present invention, take Jianghan Plain as example, can carry out according to the following steps:
(1) foundation of the pig plant of supporting scale:
Near the periphery of culture of swamp eel field, set up the growing and fattening pigs plant of certain scale, the pig manure that produces is used for cultivating the required animality living bait water earthworm of culture of swamp eel, therefore, the scale of growing and fattening pigs plant can be determined the demand of water earthworm according to culture of swamp eel scale.
Its concrete corresponding relation is, producing season, often only produces 100kg swamp eel and needs the fresh and alive water earthworm of 250kg (additional 100kg swamp eel special compound feed), and every production 250kg water earthworm needs pig manure 1750kg; Every growing and fattening pigs can be produced pig manure 1.5-2.0kg every day, 90 days deliver the cycle for sale in can produce pig manure 135-180kg, therefore, the every clean corresponding supporting growing and fattening pigs of 100kg swamp eel plant that produces need to raise 10-13 growing and fattening pigs.
(2) production of animality living bait water earthworm:
Use paddy field as water earthworm culture pond, its size is long 20-30m, wide 8-12m, and 0.2-0.25m deeply, is respectively equipped with water inlet and discharge outlet at the high and low end of culture pond, and along the surrounding in pond, digs the drain ditch of dark about 20cm.Cultivation pond is incorporated into the fresh and alive water earthworm of buying from the market to cultivate in pond in 3-4 month after building up, and water earthworm seedling is with 0.25-0.5kg/m 2sowing quantity be spread in equably at the bottom of the pond of culture pond on, and the 3-5cm that pours water.
The second day that water earthworm seedling is introduced, selects the fresh pig manure of the fermentation of not becoming thoroughly decomposed evenly to splash at Quan Chi as the feed of cultivating and produce water earthworm, and the amount of splashing is 80-100kg/667m 2, while splashing, guarantee to cover skim pig manure so that full pond water earthworm can evenly eat food at the bottom of pond.
In water earthworm cultivating process, the depth of water of culture pond regulates and controls at 3-5cm, the visual temperature adjustment of the depth of water, and Chi Shuike deepens slightly the megathermal period in full summer; Meanwhile, in order to prevent that medium from hardening, driving away the metabolic waste of water earthworm and feed decomposes the pernicious gas producing, the numerous life that effectively suppresses moss, duckweed, weeds, need with T shape wooden rake, stir once at the bottom of by culture pond pond every 8-10 days comprehensively.
Newly-built culture pond just enters water earthworm Period of reproductive peak after introducing a fine variety 30 days, now can gather.Gather and carry out at night, before gathering first to the low temperature well water of annotating in culture pond, until water earthworm major part the water surface troop agglomerating after, now seize the opportunity and gather; After the water earthworm that is clustered in the water surface being collected to hold together with T shape wooden rake, with the mesh bag that 40 object polyethylene screen cloths are made, caught out, put into rapidly the storage pond, holding pond of building with cement; To caught out water earthworm with mud, excrement foreign material carry out separation, its method, for keeping the Chi Shui of storage pond, holding pond to flow for a long time, was pulled the agglomerating water earthworm at water surface that troops out every 1 hour with hand, can all gather in the crops complete 5-6 time.
Culture pond, under the natural conditions of water temperature 25-28 ℃, is produced water earthworm daily after inoculating 30 days and can be reached 0.5kg/m 2.Every 30 days results once, within 1 year, results are 10 times for each culture pond, and the gross yield of fresh and alive water earthworm can reach 2500-3500kg/667m every year 2.
(3) cultivation of swamp eel and management thereof:
The breeding way of swamp eel is pond net box cultivation, and cage size is 2m * 2m * 1.5m.Swamp eel seedling is after surviving the winter, and eel kind specification is 20g, is placed with eel kind 2-3kg in each net cage.In early April, when water temperature rises and be stabilized to more than 15 ℃, can start to throw something and feed, the feed of throwing something and feeding is the fresh and alive water earthworm with pig manure production and the mixture of swamp eel special compound feed, and a day feeding volume for mixed feed is the 8%-10% of swamp eel body weight; Wherein, described swamp eel special compound feed is produced by GuangDong HaiDa Group Co., Ltd, and main component comprises fish meal, flour, corn, composite microbial element, mineral matter etc., and its protein content is at 38%-40%.
During culture of swamp eel, the floating Eichhornia crassipes (being commonly called as weter hyacinth) of planting in net cage, imitative its natural ecological environment, the area of Eichhornia crassipes accounts for 1/2 of net cage inner area; About during dusk every day 18-19, throw something and feed fresh mixed feed once, second day is collected in time residual bait and is dealt carefully with in case polluted water; Refresh the water periodically weekly, to keep good water quality and ecotope; Regularly sterilize weekly, sterilization method is: with povidone iodine the whole network case of concentration 2mg/L, evenly splash.

Claims (6)

1. the ricefield eel ecological culture method based on the combination of pig-eel, is characterized in that comprising the steps:
(1) foundation of the pig plant of supporting scale:
In culture of swamp eel field, periphery is set up growing and fattening pigs plant, and the pig manure that produces is used for cultivating the required animality living bait water earthworm of culture of swamp eel;
(2) production of animality living bait water earthworm:
Use paddy field as water earthworm culture pond, in 3-4 month, the fresh and alive water earthworm of buying be from the market incorporated into and cultivated in pond, by water earthworm seedling with 0.25-0.5kg/m 2sowing quantity be spread in equably at the bottom of the pond of water earthworm culture pond on, and the 3-5cm that pours water; The second day that water earthworm seedling is introduced, selects the fresh pig manure of the fermentation of not becoming thoroughly decomposed evenly to splash at water earthworm culture pond as the feed of cultivating and produce water earthworm, and the amount of splashing is 80-100kg/667m 2; While splashing, guarantee to cover skim pig manure so that full pond water earthworm can evenly eat food at the bottom of pond; Water earthworm seedling just enters water earthworm Period of reproductive peak after introducing a fine variety 30 days, now can gather; Gather and carry out at night, before gathering first to the low temperature well water of annotating in water earthworm culture pond, when water earthworm major part is trooped and seized the opportunity and gather when agglomerating at the water surface;
(3) cultivation of swamp eel and management thereof:
The breeding way of swamp eel is pond net box cultivation, and cage size is 2m * 2m * 1.5m; Swamp eel seedling is after surviving the winter, and the specification of eel kind is 20g, is placed with eel kind 2-3kg in each net cage; In early April, when water temperature rises and be stabilized in more than 15 ℃, start to throw something and feed; The feed of throwing something and feeding is the fresh and alive water earthworm with pig manure production and the mixture of swamp eel special compound feed, and a day feeding volume for mixed feed is the 8%-10% of swamp eel body weight; During culture of swamp eel, in net cage, float and plant Eichhornia crassipes, be commonly called as weter hyacinth, imitative natural ecological environment, the area of Eichhornia crassipes accounts for 1/2 of net cage inner area; During dusk every day 18-19, throw something and feed fresh mixed feed once, second day is collected in time residual bait and is dealt carefully with in case polluted water; Refresh the water periodically weekly, to keep good water quality and ecotope; Regularly sterilize weekly, sterilization method is: with povidone iodine the whole network case of concentration 2mg/L, evenly splash.
2. a kind of ricefield eel ecological culture method based on the combination of pig-eel according to claim 1, is characterized in that the scale of growing and fattening pigs plant is determined the demand of water earthworm according to the scale of culture of swamp eel; Its concrete corresponding relation is: producing season, every clean production 100kg swamp eel needs the fresh and alive water earthworm of 250kg and 100kg swamp eel special compound feed; The fresh and alive water earthworm of every production 250kg needs pig manure 1750kg; Every growing and fattening pigs can be produced pig manure 1.5-2.0kg every day, 90 days deliver the cycle for sale in can produce pig manure 135-180kg; Therefore, the every clean corresponding growing and fattening pigs of 100kg swamp eel plant that produces need to raise 10-13 growing and fattening pigs.
3. a kind of ricefield eel ecological culture method based on the combination of pig-eel according to claim 2, the size that it is characterized in that water earthworm culture pond is long 20-30m, wide 8-12m, deeply 0.2-0.25m; At the high-end water inlet that is provided with of culture pond, low side is provided with discharge outlet, and in the surrounding in pond, digs the drain ditch of dark 20cm.
4. a kind of ricefield eel ecological culture method based on the combination of pig-eel according to claim 3, is characterized in that, in water earthworm cultivating process, the depth of water of water earthworm culture pond is controlled at 3-5cm; The visual temperature adjustment of the depth of water, the Chi Shuike of megathermal period culture pond deepens slightly in full summer; At the bottom of within 8-10 days, using T shape wooden rake by the pond of water earthworm culture pond, stir once, to prevent hardening of medium, metabolic waste and the feed of driving away water earthworm decompose the pernicious gas of generation, effectively suppress numerous life of moss, duckweed, weeds comprehensively.
5. a kind of ricefield eel ecological culture method based on the combination of pig-eel according to claim 4, after it is characterized in that with T shape wooden rake, the water earthworm that is clustered in the water surface being collected to hold together when water earthworm is gathered, with 40 object polyethylene screen cloth mesh bags, caught out, and put into rapidly the storage pond, holding pond of building with cement; The Chi Shui of storage pond, holding pond keeps long-term and flows, with to caught out water earthworm with mud, excrement foreign material clear up separation, every 1 hour, the water earthworm that troops agglomerating at water surface is pulled out, can all gather in the crops complete 5-6 time.
6. a kind of ricefield eel ecological culture method based on the combination of pig-eel according to claim 5, swamp eel special compound feed described in it is characterized in that is produced by GuangDong HaiDa Group Co., Ltd, its composition is fish meal, flour, corn, composite microbial element, mineral matter, and its protein content is at 38%-40%.
CN201310651349.7A 2013-12-05 2013-12-05 Method for ecologically breeding ricefield eels based on combination of pigs and eels Pending CN103609501A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104430079A (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-03-25 傅珍检 Vegetable, rice and flower planting and net cage intercropping combination device and method
CN108244057A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-07-06 广西师范大学 A kind of method that the wild fragrant pork of selenium-rich is produced using earthworm living

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CN103314901A (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-09-25 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Method for culturing finless eel in net cage

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104430079A (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-03-25 傅珍检 Vegetable, rice and flower planting and net cage intercropping combination device and method
CN108244057A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-07-06 广西师范大学 A kind of method that the wild fragrant pork of selenium-rich is produced using earthworm living

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Application publication date: 20140305