CN109430026B - Method for concurrent growth of grass carp and rice - Google Patents

Method for concurrent growth of grass carp and rice Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109430026B
CN109430026B CN201811239976.9A CN201811239976A CN109430026B CN 109430026 B CN109430026 B CN 109430026B CN 201811239976 A CN201811239976 A CN 201811239976A CN 109430026 B CN109430026 B CN 109430026B
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Prior art keywords
planting
rice
planting box
sheath
box
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CN109430026A (en
Inventor
镇方雄
陈国庆
涂少军
雷强军
汪乓
周朋
周红霞
镇方超
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Hubei University of Science and Technology
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Hubei University of Science and Technology
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/20Cereals
    • A01G22/22Rice
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/60Fishing; Aquaculture; Aquafarming

Abstract

The invention provides a method for concurrent growth of grass carp and rice, and belongs to the technical field of agriculture. Comprises a planting system, the planting system is used for carrying out the coexistence growth of grass carp and rice, and the coexistence growth comprises the steps of seedling throwing and transplanting, weeding, managing, harvesting and the like. The invention has the advantages of greatly improving the utilization rate of the water area, providing a reasonable ecological chain and the like.

Description

Method for concurrent growth of grass carp and rice
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of agriculture, and relates to a method for coexistence growth of grass carp and rice.
Background
With the increase of population and the promotion of industrialization and urbanization, the arable land area of China is reduced year by year; meanwhile, the quality of problems such as soil pollution, salinization, desertification and the like is increasingly degraded, so that the arable area is reduced, the productivity is reduced, the grain safety is ensured, and the contradiction that grains and vegetables fight for land is increasingly prominent.
The natural water area of China is wide, the area of a freshwater lake is 235015.76km2, and the area of a pond culture is 25668.59km2, which is equivalent to 20% of arable land area of China, but the natural water area is not well developed and utilized. The water surface floating cultivation is a cultivation mode for planting crops on a natural water area by taking a floating body material as a carrier and adopting corresponding engineering measures. It not only can be produced by using wide natural water area, but also can play the roles of building water landscape and purifying water quality. The reasonable utilization of natural water area can meet the production requirement, and does not pollute water body, thereby achieving economic and ecological win-win and having great significance.
Particularly, in the middle areas of China, such as the areas of Hubei, Hunan and the like, the planting system has wide water area and deficient land resources and floats on the water surface, on one hand, the planting system can fully utilize water resources and improve the current situation of deficient land resources, and on the other hand, the planting system can absorb a large amount of pollutants in slightly polluted water to improve the water quality.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a method for the concurrent growth of grass carp and rice, aiming at the problems in the prior art, and the technical problem to be solved by the invention is how to realize the concurrent growth of grass carp and rice.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a method for grass carp and rice to grow in coexistence is characterized by comprising a planting system floating on the water surface, wherein the planting system comprises a plurality of planting units, each planting unit comprises an outer sheath, a planting box, a connecting rod and a floating block, the outer sheath is in a cylindrical shape with two open ends, the planting box is in a cone-shaped box body with the diameter of the lower end smaller than that of the upper end, the upper end of the planting box is open, the planting box is detachably connected in the outer sheath, and soil for planting plants is filled in the planting box; the outer wall surface of the outer sheath is symmetrically provided with two connecting rods, various planting units are hinged through the outer ends of the connecting rods and then connected in series, and the floating blocks are arranged on the connecting rods;
the outer sheath is of a polygon prism structure with even edges and more than four edges, L-shaped limiting grooves are formed in two inner wall surfaces facing each other in the outer sheath, each limiting groove comprises a vertical section and a transverse section, the vertical sections in the two facing limiting grooves are consistent in length, and the vertical sections on the two limiting grooves on the adjacent edges in the outer sheath are different in length; two limiting pins are symmetrically arranged on the outer surface of the planting box, the limiting pins can be connected in limiting grooves in a sliding mode, and a plurality of throwing-in ports are formed between the outer wall of the planting box and the inner wall of the outer sheath;
the outer wall surface of the lower part of the planting box is provided with at least one upturned flanging, a collecting tank is formed between the flanging and the outer wall surface of the planting box, a plurality of feeding holes are formed in the planting box at the bottom of the collecting tank, blocking eaves which correspond to the flanging one by one are arranged on the inner wall of the planting box, the blocking eaves are positioned above the feeding holes, and the edge part of the blocking eaves faces downwards;
the planting system also comprises a fence net and a strip-shaped arc cover, wherein edge flanges of two long edges of the fence net are connected with edge parts of two long edges of the arc cover to form a tubular breeding cage, and two ends of the breeding cage are sealed; the arc cover is positioned at the top of the fence net, and the top of the arc cover is provided with connecting pipes which correspond to the outer sheaths one by one; the connecting pipe extends out of the top of the arc-shaped cover and is communicated with the culture cage, and the connecting pipe and the arc-shaped cover are transited by a curved surface which gradually shrinks upwards;
the method for the grass carp and the rice to grow in the coexistence comprises the following steps:
1. throwing seedlings and transplanting rice seedlings: putting a certain amount of grass carps into the culture cage from the opening of the outer sheath, filling fertile soil in the planting box, planting rice seedlings in the planting box, placing the planting box into the outer sheath, and selecting a proper limit groove to soak the bottom of the planting box below the water surface in the early stage of rice planting;
2. weeding: after half a month of transplanting rice to the front of the mature period of rice, a certain amount of ducks are stocked in a water area where a planting system is located to eliminate partial weeds, a platform similar to a port is built in the water area, a connecting rod is pulled, planting boxes are weeded one by one, and the weeds are thrown into a breeding cage from a throwing inlet after soil is removed;
3. management: the distance between the planting bottom and the water surface is properly adjusted according to the air temperature, the rainfall and the growth period of the rice, and particularly, the bottom of the planting box needs to be separated from the water surface in the mature period of the rice;
4. harvesting: the connecting rod is pulled one by one, so that the planting boxes harvest rice poles in the planting boxes one by one through the built platform one by one, and after rice is harvested, the grass carp can be selectively fished or continuously cultured according to the growth condition and market demand of the grass carp.
In the method for the concurrent growth of the grass carp and the rice, the caliber of the upper end of the planting box is more than 80cm, and at least three rice plants are planted in a single planting box at the same time.
So as to be beneficial to pollination and the full utilization of a water area.
The floating block plays a role in providing buoyancy to support the planting box, the outer sheath and other objects arranged on the water surface.
Plants are planted in the planting boxes, the strip-shaped planting systems can float on the water surface, and the planting box parts extend into the lower part of the horizontal plane, so that the planting boxes can absorb moisture.
Through the setting of planting system, can place it on the surface of water of lake surface, pond, slow current river, not only can make full use of waters, but also can carry out purification treatment to quality of water through the purification effect of plant.
Can select different spacing groove cooperation spacer pin, make the interval between the bottom of planting the box and the horizontal plane to adjust, if the plant is in different growth periods, its moisture that needs is different, under some circumstances, like the rice to the maturity phase, need shine the field, at this moment, need the plant place soil to keep certain dryness fraction, so, the cooperation of spacing groove and spacer pin makes the position of planting the box adjust and seems especially important, and the moisture that different plants need is different moreover, also need to adjust the distance between planting box and the surface of water.
In order to improve the utilization ratio of water, reduce the fertilizer quantity of plant simultaneously, can breed fish in breeding the cage, like the grass carp, fish excrement and urine matter light characteristic, make its come-up, under the guide effect of arc cover, fish excrement and urine concentrates on connecting pipe department, turn-ups exist, the effect of cooperation surface of water ripples, make fish excrement and urine can get into in the turn-ups and the collecting vat that plants box outer wall formed, because the turn-ups faces upward, fish excrement and urine gets into and is difficult to come out behind the collecting vat, make excrement and urine and the soil fusion in the planting box in feed port department, the growth fertilizer of plant can be regarded as to fish excrement and urine promptly.
In order to prevent the feed holes from being seriously blocked by soil and prevent fish excrement from entering easily, the upper part of the feed holes is provided with a blocking eave positioned on the inner wall of the planting box and used for precipitating the fish excrement and also used for supporting the soil at the feed holes, so that the situation that the soil at the position is extruded to block the feed holes is avoided, and the fish excrement can be well dissolved into the soil by matching with the water entering the collecting tank along with the fish excrement; it should be noted that: under normal conditions, the horizontal plane is located this turn-ups's below, only just can make the collecting vat contact surface of water at the in-process that plants the box and rock.
In foretell planting system that floats on the surface of water, the outer wall of oversheath has an annular protruding muscle, the oversheath is sheathe in and has the clamping ring that can sticiss the upper end of connecting pipe on the protruding muscle.
The convex ribs are matched with the pressing ring and used for connecting the connecting pipe with the outer sheath.
In the method for the concurrent growth of the grass carp and the rice, the arc-shaped cover is made of rubber or plastic.
In the method for the concurrent growth of the grass carp and the rice, two turnups are arranged, and the turnup at the lowest end is close to the bottom of the planting box.
The two turnups and the two collecting grooves increase the possibility that fish feces enter the planting box and are also suitable for adjusting the water leaving height of the planting box.
In the method for the concurrent growth of the grass carp and the rice, the bottom surface of the planting box is an upward convex curved plate, and the middle part of the bottom of the planting box is provided with a water through hole.
In order to prevent water flow from washing the ground of the planting box, the bottom of the planting box is provided with an upward convex curved plate, and a water through hole is formed in the upward convex curved plate, so that the planting box can drain water, but cannot be directly washed by water flow, and soil loss is avoided.
In the method for the concurrent growth of the grass carp and the rice, the bottom of the planting box is provided with a grid-shaped guard plate, and the middle part of the guard plate is provided with a guide plate with a concave curved surface; the guide plate is positioned below the water through hole.
In order to prevent impurities in water from entering the planting box, the bottom of the planting box is provided with a grid-shaped guard plate, and meanwhile, soil is prevented from coming out of the planting box.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic overall structure diagram of the planting system.
Fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the planting box and the outer sheath.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the planting box.
Fig. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the cultivation cage.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 1.
In the figure, 1, an outer sheath; 11. a limiting groove; 12. a rib is protruded; 13. pressing a ring; 14. a throwing port; 2. planting boxes; 21. a spacing pin; 22. flanging; 23. collecting tank; 24. a feed port; 25. blocking eaves; 26. a curved plate; 27. a water through hole; 28. a guard plate; 29. a guide plate; 31. a connecting rod; 32. floating blocks; 41. a hurdle net; 42. an arc-shaped cover; 43. a breeding cage; 44. and (4) connecting the pipes.
Detailed Description
The following are specific embodiments of the present invention and are further described with reference to the drawings, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, the planting system comprises a plurality of planting units, each planting unit comprises an outer sheath 1, a planting box 2, a connecting rod 31 and a floating block 32, the outer sheath 1 is in a cylindrical shape with two open ends, the planting box 2 is in a conical box body with the diameter of the lower end smaller than that of the upper end, the upper end of the planting box 2 is open, the planting box 2 is detachably connected in the outer sheath 1, and soil for planting plants is filled in the planting box 2; the outer wall surface of the outer sheath 1 is symmetrically provided with two connecting rods 31, various planting units are hinged through the outer ends of the connecting rods 31 and then connected in series, and the floating blocks 32 are arranged on the connecting rods 31;
the outer sheath 1 is of a polygon prism structure with even number of edges and more than four edges, L-shaped limiting grooves 11 are formed in two opposite inner wall surfaces in the outer sheath 1, each limiting groove 11 comprises a vertical section and a transverse section, the vertical sections in the two opposite limiting grooves 11 are consistent in length, and the vertical sections on the two limiting grooves 11 on the adjacent edges in the outer sheath 1 are different in length; two limiting pins 21 are symmetrically arranged on the outer surface of the planting box 2, the limiting pins 21 can be connected in the limiting grooves 11 in a sliding manner, and a plurality of input ports 14 are formed between the outer wall of the planting box 2 and the inner wall of the outer sheath;
at least one upward-turned flanging 22 is arranged on the outer wall surface of the lower portion of the planting box 2, a collecting groove 23 is formed between the flanging 22 and the outer wall surface of the planting box 2, a plurality of feeding holes 24 are formed in the planting box 2 at the bottom of the collecting groove 23, blocking eaves 25 which are in one-to-one correspondence with the flanging 22 are arranged on the inner wall of the planting box 2, the blocking eaves 25 are positioned above the feeding holes 24, and the edge portions of the blocking eaves 25 face downwards;
the planting system also comprises a fence net 41 and a strip-shaped arc cover 42, edge flanges 22 of two long edges of the fence net 41 are connected with the edge of two long edges of the arc cover 42 to form a tubular breeding cage 43, and two ends of the breeding cage 43 are sealed; the arc-shaped cover 42 is positioned at the top of the hurdle net 41, and the top of the arc-shaped cover 42 is provided with connecting pipes 44 which are in one-to-one correspondence with the outer sheaths 1; the connecting pipe 44 extends out of the top of the arc-shaped cover 42, the connecting pipe 44 is communicated with the culture cage 43, and the connecting pipe 44 and the arc-shaped cover 42 are transited by a curved surface which gradually shrinks upwards;
the caliber of the upper end of the planting box 2 is larger than 80cm, and at least three rice plants can be planted in a single planting box 2 at the same time. So as to be beneficial to pollination and the full utilization of a water area.
The floating block 32 plays a role of providing buoyancy to support the planting box 2, the outer sheath and other objects arranged on the water surface.
Plant in planting box 2, be the banding planting system and can float on the surface of water, plant box 2 part and stretch into below the horizontal plane, make it can absorb moisture.
Through the setting of planting system, can place it on the surface of water of lake surface, pond, slow current river, not only can make full use of waters, but also can carry out purification treatment to quality of water through the purification effect of plant.
Can select different spacing grooves 11 cooperation spacer pin 21, make the interval between the bottom of planting box 2 and the horizontal plane to adjust, if the plant is in different growth periods, its required moisture is different, under some circumstances, like the rice to the maturity phase, need shine the field, at this moment, need the plant place soil to keep certain dryness fraction, so, spacing grooves 11 and spacer pin 21's cooperation, it is especially important to make the position of planting box 2 adjust, and the moisture that different plants need is different, also need to adjust the distance between planting box 2 and the surface of water.
In order to improve the utilization ratio of water, reduce the fertilizer quantity of plant simultaneously, can breed fish in breeding cage 43, like the grass carp, fish excrement and urine matter light characteristic, make its come-up, under the guide effect of arc cover 42, fish excrement and urine concentrates on connecting pipe 44 department, the existence of turn-ups 22, the effect of cooperation surface of water rippling, make fish excrement and urine can get into in turn-ups 22 and the collecting vat 23 that plants 2 outer walls formed, because turn-ups 22 is upwards, fish excrement and urine gets into and is difficult to come out behind the collecting vat 23, it fuses with the soil that plants in the box 2 to make excrement and urine in feed port 24 department, promptly fish excrement and urine can regard as the growth fertilizer of plant.
In order to prevent the feed holes 24 from being seriously blocked by soil and prevent fish excrement from entering easily, the blocking eaves 25 which are positioned on the inner wall of the planting box 2 and used for depositing the fish excrement and also used for supporting the soil at the feed holes 24 are arranged above the feed holes 24 so as to prevent the soil at the position from being extruded to block the feed holes 24, and the fish excrement can be well dissolved into the soil by matching with the water entering the collecting tank 23 along with the fish excrement; it should be noted that: normally, the horizontal plane is located below the flange 22, and the collecting groove 23 may be in contact with the water surface only during the shaking process of the planting box 2.
The outer wall surface of the outer sheath has an annular rib 12, and the outer sheath has a pressing ring 13 capable of pressing the upper end of the connection pipe 44 against the rib 12.
The rib 12 and the press ring 13 are matched for connecting the connecting pipe 44 with the outer sheath.
The arc cover 42 is made of rubber or plastic.
The flanges 22 are two, and the flange 22 at the lowest end is close to the bottom of the planting box 2. The two flanging edges 22 and the two collecting grooves 23 increase the possibility that the fish feces enter the planting box 2, and are also suitable for adjusting the water leaving height of the planting box 2.
The bottom surface of the planting box 2 is provided with an upward convex curved plate 26, and the middle part of the bottom of the planting box 2 is provided with a water through hole 27. In order to prevent water from washing the ground of the planting box 2, an upward convex curved plate 26 is arranged at the bottom of the planting box 2, and a water through hole 27 is formed in the upward convex curved plate, so that the planting box can drain water, but the planting box cannot be directly washed by water flow, and soil loss is avoided.
The bottom of the planting box 2 is provided with a grid-shaped guard plate 28, and the middle part of the guard plate 28 is provided with a guide plate 29 which is a concave curved surface; the guide plate 29 is located below the water passage hole 27. In order to prevent impurities in water from entering the planting box 2, the bottom of the planting box 2 is provided with the grid-shaped guard plate 28, and meanwhile, soil is prevented from coming out of the planting box 2, the planting box with the structure can effectively enable the soil in the planting box to be in contact with water through the design of the bottom structure, but the soil is not easy to come out.
Because the cooperation of arc cover and planting box makes the position that oxygen is concentrated in the pipeline go out at the connecting pipe of planting the box below, and the fish is mostly concentrated on this, makes this position produce the faecal possibility bigger to do benefit to planting the box and collecting faecal.
The method for the concurrent growth of grass carp and rice comprises the following steps:
1. throwing seedlings and transplanting rice seedlings: putting a certain amount of grass carps into the culture cage 43 from the opening of the outer sheath, filling fertile soil in the planting box 2, planting rice seedlings in the planting box 2, placing the planting box 2 into the outer sheath, and selecting a proper limit groove 11 at the initial stage of rice planting to ensure that the bottom of the planting box 2 is soaked below the water surface;
2. weeding: after half a month of transplanting rice and before the mature period of rice, a certain amount of ducks are stocked in the water area where the planting system is located to eliminate part of weeds, the planting boxes 2 are weeded one by building a platform similar to a port in the water area, pulling the connecting rods 31, and the weeds are thrown into the breeding cage 43 from the throwing inlet 14 after soil is removed;
3. management: the distance between the planting bottom and the water surface is properly adjusted according to the air temperature, the rainfall and the growth period of the rice, and particularly, the bottom of the planting box 2 needs to be separated from the water surface in the mature period of the rice;
4. harvesting: pull connecting rod 31 one by one, make plant box 2 through the platform department of buildding before one by one, reap the rice pole of planting in the box 2 one by one, after having reaped the rice, look grass carp growth conditions and market demand, can the selectivity at the fishing or continue to breed.
The specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the spirit of the invention. Various modifications or additions may be made to the described embodiments or alternatives may be employed by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit or ambit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. A method for grass carp and rice to grow in coexistence is characterized by comprising a planting system floating on the water surface, wherein the planting system comprises a plurality of planting units, each planting unit comprises an outer sheath (1), a planting box (2), a connecting rod (31) and a floating block (32), the outer sheath (1) is in a cylindrical shape with two open ends, the planting box (2) is in a cone-shaped box body with the diameter of the lower end smaller than that of the upper end, the upper end of the planting box (2) is open, the planting box (2) is detachably connected in the outer sheath (1), and soil for planting plants is filled in the planting box (2); the outer wall surface of the outer sheath (1) is symmetrically provided with two connecting rods (31), various planting units are hinged through the outer ends of the connecting rods (31) and then connected in series, and the floating blocks (32) are arranged on the connecting rods (31);
the outer sheath (1) is of a polygon prism structure with even-numbered edges and more than four edges, L-shaped limiting grooves (11) are formed in two inner wall surfaces facing each other in the outer sheath (1), each limiting groove (11) comprises a vertical section and a transverse section, the vertical sections in the two facing limiting grooves (11) are consistent in length, and the vertical sections on the two limiting grooves (11) on the adjacent edges in the outer sheath (1) are different in length; two limiting pins (21) are symmetrically arranged on the outer surface of the planting box (2), the limiting pins (21) can be connected in the limiting grooves (11) in a sliding mode, and a plurality of throwing-in ports (14) are formed between the outer wall of the planting box (2) and the inner wall of the outer sheath;
the outer wall surface of the lower portion of the planting box (2) is provided with at least one upturned flanging (22), a collecting groove (23) is formed between the flanging (22) and the outer wall surface of the planting box (2), a plurality of feeding holes (24) are formed in the planting box (2) at the bottom of the collecting groove (23), blocking eaves (25) which correspond to the flanging (22) in a one-to-one mode are arranged on the inner wall of the planting box (2), the blocking eaves (25) are located above the feeding holes (24), and the edge portion of the blocking eaves (25) faces downwards;
the planting system also comprises a railing net (41) and a strip-shaped arc cover (42), edge flanging (22) of two long edges of the railing net (41) are connected with edge of two long edges of the arc cover (42) to form a tubular breeding cage (43), and two ends of the breeding cage (43) are sealed; the arc-shaped cover (42) is positioned at the top of the fence net (41), and connecting pipes (44) which correspond to the outer sheaths (1) one by one are arranged at the top of the arc-shaped cover (42); the connecting pipe (44) extends out of the top of the arc-shaped cover (42), the connecting pipe (44) is communicated with the culture cage (43), and the connecting pipe (44) and the arc-shaped cover (42) are transited by a curved surface which gradually shrinks upwards;
the method for the grass carp and the rice to grow in the coexistence comprises the following steps:
1) and throwing seedlings and transplanting rice seedlings: putting a certain amount of grass carps into the culture cage (43) from the opening of the outer sheath, filling fertile soil into the planting box (2), planting rice seedlings in the planting box (2), placing the planting box (2) into the outer sheath, and selecting a proper limit groove (11) at the early stage of rice planting to ensure that the bottom of the planting box (2) is soaked below the water surface;
2) and weeding: after half a month of transplanting rice to the front of the mature period of rice, a certain amount of ducks are stocked in a water area where a planting system is located to eliminate partial weeds, a platform similar to a port is built in the water area, a connecting rod (31) is pulled, the planting boxes (2) are weeded one by one, and the weeds are thrown into a breeding cage (43) from a throwing-in port (14) after soil is removed;
3) and managing: the distance between the planting bottom and the water surface is properly adjusted according to the air temperature, the rainfall and the growth period of the rice, and particularly, the bottom of the planting box (2) needs to be separated from the water surface in the mature period of the rice;
4) and harvesting: pull connecting rod (31) one by one, make plant box (2) through the platform department of building before one by one, reap the rice straw in planting box (2) one by one, after having reaped the rice, look grass carp growth conditions and market demand, can the selectivity at the fishing or continue to breed.
2. The method for the concurrent growth of grass carp and rice as claimed in claim 1, wherein the caliber of the upper end of the planting box (2) is more than 80cm, and at least three rice plants are planted in a single planting box (2) at the same time.
3. The method for the concurrent growth of grass carp and rice as claimed in claim 1, wherein the outer wall surface of the outer sheath has a circular rib (12), and the outer sheath has a pressing ring (13) capable of pressing the upper end of the connecting pipe (44) against the rib (12).
4. The method for the concurrent growth of grass carp and rice as claimed in claim 1, wherein the arc-shaped cover (42) is made of rubber or plastic.
5. The method for the concurrent growth of grass carp and rice as claimed in claim 1, wherein there are two flanges (22), and the flange (22) at the lowest end is near the bottom of the planting box (2).
6. The method for the concurrent growth of grass carp and rice as claimed in claim 1, wherein the bottom surface of the planting box (2) is a curved plate (26) protruding upwards, and a water through hole (27) is formed in the middle of the bottom of the planting box (2).
7. The method for the concurrent growth of grass carp and rice as claimed in claim 6, wherein the bottom of the planting box (2) is provided with a grid-shaped guard plate (28), and the middle part of the guard plate (28) is provided with a guide plate (29) with a concave curved surface; the guide plate (29) is located below the water passage hole (27).
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