CN104303967B - Implantation methods on the tree of a kind of Huoshan Herba Dendrobii - Google Patents

Implantation methods on the tree of a kind of Huoshan Herba Dendrobii Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104303967B
CN104303967B CN201410482527.2A CN201410482527A CN104303967B CN 104303967 B CN104303967 B CN 104303967B CN 201410482527 A CN201410482527 A CN 201410482527A CN 104303967 B CN104303967 B CN 104303967B
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herba dendrobii
tree
root
trunk
water
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CN104303967A (en
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刘持正
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ANHUI HUOSHAN PENGZE BIOTECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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ANHUI HUOSHAN PENGZE BIOTECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics

Abstract

The invention discloses implantation methods on the tree of a kind of Huoshan Herba Dendrobii, select tree standard, trunk to process including selection of land, Herba Dendrobii is fixed, the step such as water and fertilizer management.Implantation methods on the tree of the Huoshan Herba Dendrobii of the offer of the present invention, both solved Herba Dendrobii field cultivating to yield poorly, by natural cause control, receive by sky, the defects such as the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is difficult, the quality of greenhouse gardening is low, and remain quality and the outward appearance of wild Herba Dendrobii, yield can be guaranteed, reducing and pollute, product meets safe efficient feature.

Description

Implantation methods on the tree of a kind of Huoshan Herba Dendrobii
Technical field
The present invention relates to the implantation methods of a kind of Herba Dendrobii, particularly relate to implantation methods on the tree of a kind of Huoshan Herba Dendrobii.
Background technology
Herba Dendrobii is the perennial herbaceous plant that grows nonparasitically upon another plant of the orchid family.It is that national wild secondary Chinese medicine protects kind, has the title of " plant giant panda ".Herba Dendrobii cold nature, has nourishing the stomach to promote the production of body fluid, YIN nourishing heat extraction, the kidney invigorating and essence nourishing, effect of improving eyesight.With can appetite promoting and the spleen strengthening for tea.Herba Dendrobii has in beneficial essence fills out marrow, tonifying five ZANG-organs never sufficient, flat gastric qi, long muscle, Fructus Alpiniae Oxyphyllae relieving restlessness, clearind deficient heat, effect prolonged life of making light of one's life by commiting suicide.
Compendium of Material Medica is recorded: " Herba Dendrobii is born between overhanging cliff or on towering old trees ", and primary growth is at the Schattenseite of warm and moist, half Schattenseite, and on the cliff of subacidity rock stratum, jungle tree goes up or on sylvan life rock.But Proterozoic wild resource is on the verge of exhaustion.In recent years, artificial greenhouse plantation have begun to take shape, kind has iron sheet, Dendrobium nobile Lindl, Dendrobium denneanum Kerr., dendrobium moniliformeSweet, Herba Dendrobii, dendrobium loddigesii Rolfe etc..
Huoshan County of Anhui Province is the genuine producing region of Herba Dendrobii, is positioned at white goose in West Anhui northern foot, is that Herba Dendrobii grows northernmost.Between north latitude 33 ° 03 '-31 ° 33 ', between east longitude 115 ° 52 '-116 ° 32 '.Mean sea level 500 meters, belongs to monsoon climatic region, subtropical zone.Making a clear distinction between the four seasons, rainfall is abundant, average temperature of the whole year 14.2 DEG C-16.1 DEG C, the coldest monthly mean temperature 2 DEG C, the hottest monthly mean temperature 27.8 DEG C.Annual precipitation 1100-1600mm, absolute humidity annual 15.6mb, long-term relative humidity 80%, the whole year >=80% natural law about 200 days.Frost-free period is 220-270 days, and frost-free period is long.Mountain is high, and high humidity, cloud and mist curls up, and the beneficially growth quality of Herba Dendrobii is superior.
In recent years, artificial growth Herba Dendrobii fast development, along with improving constantly of scientific and technological level, the greenhouse gardening technology of Herba Dendrobii obtains significant progress, and yield is to improve, and quality is declining.Because the Herba mesonae chinensis of the Nature imparting mankind fails to inhale the anima in the world, the elite of life.The present invention is to utilize seedling tissue culture and greenhouse gardening speed and yield to return to make the Herba mesonae chinensis of artificial growth have wild outward appearance and superior quality in the Nature.
The Herba Dendrobii training of field cultivating yields poorly, and by natural cause control, the impact of harvest climate is big, and pest and disease damage is serious and is difficult to prevent and treat;The Herba Dendrobii quality of greenhouse gardening can not be guaranteed again.
The upper imitative wild breeding method of the Herba Dendrobii tree that the present invention provides, can effectively solve these problems.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide implantation methods on the tree of a kind of Huoshan Herba Dendrobii, by selecting specific seeds, utilize and manually Herba Dendrobii seedling is fixed on trunk or branch, prune the leaves set to improve the degree of shading of Herba Dendrobii, then the management by daily liquid manure, build wild atomization environment, make Herba Dendrobii progressively take root between bark, absorb trunk nutrient, after half a year, Herba Dendrobii can root in the tree, can cultivate to greatest extent close to the Herba Dendrobii of wild quality.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
Implantation methods on the tree of a kind of Huoshan Herba Dendrobii, comprises the following steps:
(1) selecting preferent, select the seeds that bark is coarse on the good hillside of vegetative coverage or hummock, the root being beneficial to Herba Dendrobii is grown nonparasitically upon another plant and absorbs nutrient;
(2) prune leaves, make degree of shading requirement at 60-70%, if leaves is rare, can manually take a layer sunshade net;
(3) on selected trunk, especially plant and brush one times nutritional solution on the joint of Herba Dendrobii, make Herba Dendrobii seedling have nutrition more fully, improve survival rate;
(4) in the March, the root that Seedling tamed by the Herba Dendrobii of about three months is enclose with lichen, be then attached on the trunk of swiped through rice water, fixing available straw rope, it is also possible to cotton cord, that can not tie up is the tightest;
(5) can install spraying nozzle in treetop portion, the 3rd day after fixation, visual weather is sprayed, and strengthens humidity, and combines foliage fertilizer sprinkling, and heavily shine after making Herba Dendrobii transplanting vigor, it is to avoid dead;
(6) humidity of the woods be must manually keep at first month, in conjunction with foliage fertilizer and the root manure of low concentration, survival rate and germination percentage improved;
Do not apply fertilizer after (7) one months so that it is slowly drinking up the rain and the nutrient growth of trunk, water is also based on rainwater as far as possible;
(8) after half a year, the root growth of Herba Dendrobii, take root between bark, Herba Dendrobii the most gradually reform of nature environment, fixing cotton cord or straw rope can be taken away, it is possible to be allowed on trunk;
(9) to about the November of next year, Herba Dendrobii can be pruned, cut off old branch, retain the new branch germinateed, improve survival rate and the germination percentage in the coming year;
(10) results, the old branch gathered 2 to 3 years, retain new branch, and its seed can be used for manually organizing training, plants source speciality and also complies with wild species source feature.
The preparation method of described nutritional solution is as follows: a, weigh the raw material of following weight portion: fertile soil 15-20, rice water 30-50, residual tea 20-30, Bamboo vinegar solution 5-10, water from washing rice 10-15, soybean cake 8-12, Semen Maydis powder 5-10, wormcast 5-10, bone meal 4-8, medicated beer groove 3-6, plant straw powder 5-10, blackstrap 2-5;B, take water from washing rice, soybean cake, Semen Maydis powder, wormcast, bone meal, medicated beer groove, plant straw powder, blackstrap mix homogeneously, adjust moisture to 60-70%, sealing and fermenting 5-10 days, filter pressing, obtain fermentation liquid;C, by fermentation liquid obtained above and rice water, residual tea, Bamboo vinegar solution mix homogeneously, be subsequently adding fertile soil, stir 10-15min, stand 20-30min, filter, obtain required nutritional solution.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
Implantation methods on the tree of the Huoshan Herba Dendrobii of the offer of the present invention, both solved Herba Dendrobii field cultivating to yield poorly, by natural cause control, receive by sky, the defects such as the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is difficult, the quality of greenhouse gardening is low, and remain quality and the outward appearance of wild Herba Dendrobii, yield can be guaranteed, reducing and pollute, product meets safe efficient feature.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is to bundle the photo after planting three months on tree alive;
Fig. 2 is that my company tree plants Experimental Base realistic picture;
Fig. 3 is the realistic picture planting Herba Dendrobii on dead tree;
Fig. 4 is the real figure of the Herba Dendrobii after planting three months on dead tree.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment
Implantation methods on the tree of a kind of Huoshan Herba Dendrobii, comprises the following steps:
(1) selecting preferent, select the seeds that bark is coarse on the good hillside of vegetative coverage or hummock, the root being beneficial to Herba Dendrobii is grown nonparasitically upon another plant and absorbs nutrient;
(2) prune leaves, make degree of shading requirement 60%, if leaves is rare, can manually take a layer sunshade net;
(3) on selected trunk, especially plant and brush one times nutritional solution on the joint of Herba Dendrobii, make Herba Dendrobii seedling have nutrition more fully, improve survival rate;
(4) in the March, the root that Seedling tamed by the Herba Dendrobii of about three months is enclose with lichen, be then attached on the trunk of swiped through rice water, fixing available straw rope, it is also possible to cotton cord, that can not tie up is the tightest;
(5) can install spraying nozzle in treetop portion, the 3rd day after fixation, visual weather is sprayed, and strengthens humidity, and combines foliage fertilizer sprinkling, and heavily shine after making Herba Dendrobii transplanting vigor, it is to avoid dead;
(6) humidity of the woods be must manually keep at first month, in conjunction with foliage fertilizer and the root manure of low concentration, survival rate and germination percentage improved;
Do not apply fertilizer after (7) one months so that it is slowly drinking up the rain and the nutrient growth of trunk, water is also based on rainwater as far as possible;
(8) after half a year, the root growth of Herba Dendrobii, take root between bark, Herba Dendrobii the most gradually reform of nature environment, fixing cotton cord or straw rope can be taken away, it is possible to be allowed on trunk;
(9) to about the November of next year, Herba Dendrobii can be pruned, cut off old branch, retain the new branch germinateed, improve survival rate and the germination percentage in the coming year;
(10) results, the old branch gathered 2 to 3 years, retain new branch, and its seed can be used for manually organizing training, plants source speciality and also complies with wild species source feature.
The preparation method of described nutritional solution is as follows: a, weigh the raw material of following weight portion: fertile soil 18, rice water 40, residual tea 25, Bamboo vinegar solution 7, water from washing rice 12, soybean cake 10, Semen Maydis powder 8, wormcast 7, bone meal 6, medicated beer groove 4, plant straw powder 8, blackstrap 3.5;B, take water from washing rice, soybean cake, Semen Maydis powder, wormcast, bone meal, medicated beer groove, plant straw powder, blackstrap mix homogeneously, adjust moisture to 65%, sealing and fermenting 8 days, filter pressing, obtain fermentation liquid;C, by fermentation liquid obtained above and rice water, residual tea, Bamboo vinegar solution mix homogeneously, be subsequently adding fertile soil, stir 10min, stand 25min, filter, obtain required nutritional solution.

Claims (2)

1. implantation methods on the tree of a Huoshan Herba Dendrobii, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) selecting preferent, select the seeds that bark is coarse on the good hillside of vegetative coverage or hummock, the root being beneficial to Herba Dendrobii is grown nonparasitically upon another plant and absorbs nutrient;
(2) prune leaves, make degree of shading requirement at 60-70%, if leaves is rare, can manually take a layer sunshade net;
(3) on selected trunk, or brush one times nutritional solution on the joint of plantation Herba Dendrobii, make Herba Dendrobii seedling have nutrition more fully, improve survival rate;
(4) in the March, the root that Seedling tamed by the Herba Dendrobii of about three months is enclose with lichen, be then attached on the trunk of swiped through rice water, fixing available straw rope, it is also possible to cotton cord, that can not tie up is the tightest;
(5) can install spraying nozzle in treetop portion, the 3rd day after fixation, visual weather is sprayed, and strengthens humidity, and combines foliage fertilizer sprinkling, and heavily shine after making Herba Dendrobii transplanting vigor, it is to avoid dead;
(6) humidity of the woods be must manually keep at first month, in conjunction with foliage fertilizer and the root manure of low concentration, survival rate and germination percentage improved;
Do not apply fertilizer after (7) one months so that it is slowly drinking up the rain and the nutrient growth of trunk, water is also based on rainwater as far as possible;
(8) after half a year, the root growth of Herba Dendrobii, take root between bark, Herba Dendrobii the most gradually reform of nature environment, fixing cotton cord or straw rope can be taken away, it is possible to be allowed on trunk;
(9) to about the November of next year, Herba Dendrobii can be pruned, cut off old branch, retain the new branch germinateed, improve survival rate and the germination percentage in the coming year;
(10) results, the old branch gathered 2 to 3 years, retain new branch, and its seed can be used for manually organizing training, plants source speciality and also complies with wild species source feature.
Implantation methods on the tree of a kind of Huoshan the most according to claim 1 Herba Dendrobii, it is characterised in that the preparation method of described nutritional solution is as follows:
A, weigh the raw material of following weight portion: fertile soil 15-20, rice water 30-50, residual tea 20-30, Bamboo vinegar solution 5-10, water from washing rice 10-15, soybean cake 8-12, Semen Maydis powder 5-10, wormcast 5-10, bone meal 4-8, medicated beer groove 3-6, plant straw powder 5-10, blackstrap 2-5;
B, take water from washing rice, soybean cake, Semen Maydis powder, wormcast, bone meal, medicated beer groove, plant straw powder, blackstrap mix homogeneously, adjust moisture to 60-70%, sealing and fermenting 5-10 days, filter pressing, obtain fermentation liquid;
C, fermentation liquid obtained above is mixed homogeneously with rice water, residual tea, Bamboo vinegar solution, be subsequently adding fertile soil, stir 10-15min, stand 20-30min, filter, obtain required nutritional solution.
CN201410482527.2A 2014-09-19 2014-09-19 Implantation methods on the tree of a kind of Huoshan Herba Dendrobii Expired - Fee Related CN104303967B (en)

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